Clarity of Discourse

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 89
Clarity of Discourse

696. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said something, he would repeat his words thrice so that the meanings would be understood fully; and whenever he came upon a group of people, he would greet them, and he would repeat salutation thrice.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

697. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: the speech of Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was so clear that all those who listened to it would understand it.
[Abu Dawud].

Clarity – Defending the Religion & Uniting the Ranks upon the Truth

Istiqaamah Magazine , Issue No.2 ,1996

DEFENDING THE RELIGION

Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal (d.241H)- rahimahullaah – said:

“All praise is for Allaah who, in every age and intervals between the Prophets, raises up a group from the People of Knowledge, who call the misguided to guidance, patiently bearing ill treatment and harm. With the Book of Allaah they give life to the dead, and by Allaah’s Light they give sight to the blind. How many a person killed by Iblees (the Devil) have they revived. How many people astray and wandering have they guided. How beautiful their effect has been upon the people, and how vile people have been towards them. They expel from the Book of Allaah the alterations of those going beyond bounds, the false claims of the liars and the false interpretations of the ignorant ones – those who uphold die banner of innovation and let loose the trials and discords; who differ about the Book, oppose the Book, and agree upon opposing the Book. They speak about Allaah and His Book without knowledge, argue about what is ambiguous in the Book, and deceive the ignorant masses with such ambiguities. We seek refuge in Allaah from the trials of the misguided ones.” 1

Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) – rahimahullaah – said:

“When some people asked Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal that they felt uneasy about criticizing people, he replied: “If I were to remain silent, how would the ignorant masses know the truth from falsehood?” Those who introduce heretical writings which oppose the Qur’aan and the Sunnah and those who innovate in matters of worship, then it is obligatory that they be exposed and that the Muslims be warned against them – by unanimous agreement of the Muslims Scholars. In fact, when Imaam Ahmad bin Hanbal was asked about a person who fasted, preyed and secluded himself in the mosque for worship; if he was dearer to him than a person who spoke out against ahlul-bid’ah (the innovators), he replied: “When he fasts and prays and secludes himself, then he does so for the benefit of his own self. However, when he speaks out against the innovators, he does so for the benefit of the Muslims in general, and this is more virtuous.”

So it is clear that openly opposing the innovators is of general benefit to the Muslims and is considered one of the types of jihaad in the path of Allaah. Since purifying the religion of Allaah and defending it from their attacks is a collective obligation – as is agreed upon by the Scholars. For Allaah did not raise up some people to oppose the innovators, then the religion would suffer harm, corruption and deviation. Indeed, this type of corruption is even greater then the corruption resulting from the disbelievers conquering the Muslims. Since when the disbelievers conquer the Muslims, they do not corrupt their hearts, nor their religion, except after some time. Whereas the innovators corrupt the hearts from the very beginning.” [2]

UNITING THE RANKS UPON THE TRUTH

Shaykh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin Baaz – hafidhahullaah – said:

“There is no doubt that it is obligatory upon the Muslims to unify their ranks and to unite their word upon the truth and to co-operate in goodness and piety against the enemies of Islaam – as Allaah, the Most Perfect, ordered them with in His saying: “And hold fast altogether to the rope of Allaah and do not become divided.” [Soorah Aal-‘lmraan 3:102]. And likewise, Allaah has warned the Muslims against splitting up, as occurs in His – the Most Perfect’s – saying: “And do not be like those who differed and split-up after the clear evidences came to them.” [Soorah Aal-‘lmraan 3:105]. However, the order to unify the Muslims and unite their word upon the truth and to hold fast to the rope of Allaah, does not necessitate that they should not censure wrong beliefs and practices – whether from the Soofees or other than them. Rather, what the order to hold fast to the rope of Allaah necessitates is: to order the good, forbid the evil and also to clarify the truth – with the clear Sharee’ah proofs – to whomsoever is misguided or has a mistaken opinion, until they unite upon the truth and turn away from that which opposes it. All of this is included in His – the Most Perfect’s – saying: “And help you one another in righteousness and piety, and do not help one another in sin and transgression.” [Sooratul-Maa’idah 5:2]. And His – the Most Perfect’s – saying: “Let there arise from amongst you a group of people calling to all that is good, enjoining the good and forbidding the evil, they are the ones who shall be successful.” [Soorah Aal’-lmraan 3:110]. And when the people of truth withhold from clarifying the mistakes of those who have erred or are mistaken, then they will not have achieved that which Allaah ordered them with, as regards calling to goodness, ordering the good and forbidding the evil. So the person in error will remain upon his error, and the one acting in opposition to the truth will remain upon his opposition. And this is contrary to what Allaah – the Most Perfect – prescribed, with regards sincere advice, co-operation upon goodness, ordering the good and forbidding the evil – and Allaah alone is the One who grants success.

Shaykh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin Baaz was asked about the correctness of the saying: “We should unite upon that which we agree, and excuse each other in that which we disagree.” The Shaykh commented:

“Yes! It is obligatory to co-operate in that which we agree, by aiding the truth, calling to it and warning against that which Allaah and His Messenger sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam have prohibited. Its for excusing each other for that in which we differ – then this is not to be taken in an absolute sense, but rather in a general one. Thus, if the difference involves a particular issue of ijtihaad wherein the proofs are deep and detailed – then it is obligatory not to reproach or censure one another. However, if it opposes a clear text of the Book and the Sunnah, then it is obligatory to correct the one who has opposed the clear texts, but with wisdom, beautiful admonition and debating in the best possible manner, acting upon Allaah -the Most High’s – saying: “And help you one another in righteousness and piety, but do not help one another in sin and transgression.” [Soorah al-Maa’idah 5:2] And His – the Most Perfect’s – saying: “The Believers – man and woman – are protectors to each other, they order the good and forbid the evil … “ [Soorah at-Towbah 9:71]. And His – the Mighty and Majestic’s – saying: “Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and beautiful admonition, and argue with them in ways that are better.” [Soorah an-Nahl 16:125]. And he sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Whosoever sees an evil, then let him change it with his hand. If he is unable to do this, then with his tongue, and if he is unable to do this, then with his heart. And that is the weakest of eemaan (faith).” And he sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Whosoever directs a person to do good, will have a reward similar to the one who does that good.” 5 And the aayaat (verses) and ahaadeeth with this meaning are plenty.” 6


1. Ar-Radd ‘alal-Jahmiyyah waz-Zanaadiqah (p.2) of Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal.
2. Majmoo’ul-Fataawaa (28/231-232).
3. Tanbeehaat fir-Radd ‘alaa man Ta’awwalis-Sifaat (pp.31-32).
4. Related by Muslim (2/21), from Abu Sa’eed al-Khudree radiallaahu ‘anhu.
5. Related by Muslim (13/38), from Abu Mas’ood al-Ansaaree radiallaahu ‘anhu.
6. Tanbeehaat fir-Radd ‘alaa man Ta’awwalis-Sifaat (pp.14-15)

Two Da’wahs And What A Great Rift Between Them – Shaykh Muhammad al-Anjaree

Two Da’wahs And What A Great Rift Between Them
ash-Shaykh Aboo `Uthmaan Muhammad bin `Uthmaan al-`Anjaree
Translated by Aboo Sufyaan ‘Uthmaan Beecher
Salafiyyah-Kuwait.blogspot.com

 The Da’wah Sharee’ah  The Da’wah Siyaasiyyah
(the political da’wah)
The Da’wah Sharee’ah [1] has its basis in the Book and the Sunnah, and its starting point is love for Allaah and desire for His Jannah (Paradise) and fear of His (Hell)Fire, and the way which the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) and his Companions (radiAllaahu anhuma) were upon. Its end result is with Allaah, “Verily, you do not guide those whom you love, but Allaah guides whomever He wills.” [2] The da’wah Siyaasiyyah (the political da’wah) [3] has its basis in politics, its starting point is ideological, and its means are the party and the organization and the jamaa’ah, and its end result is planned and designed.
Ad-Da’wah ash-Sharee’ah seeks to unite the Ummah upon the foundations of the belief which the Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) and his Companions embodied by the saying of Allaah the Exalted: “And hold on to the Rope of Allaah all of you together and do not divide amongst yourselves.” [4]

Ad-Da’wah as-Siyaasiyyah seeks to struggle for the promotion of parties (ahzaab) in the Muslim country to secure for itself a seat amongst the ranks of the [other] parties of the state. And they read the saying of Al-Haqq [Allaah], the Exalted: “And be not like those who divided and differed among themselves after the clear proofs had come to them. It is they for whom there is a terrible punishment.” [5]

And His saying, Exalted is He:

“But they have broken their religion into sects, each group rejoicing in what it has.” [6]

Ad-Da’wah ash-Sharee’ah criticizes by sincere advice, by eloquence and wisdom and handsome admonition, complying with the principles of the Sharee’ah. Ad-Da’wah as-Siyaasiyyah criticizes by open demonstrations, sit-ins and strikes, and through rousing the (people in the) street under the pretense of islaah (rectification)
Ad-Da’wah ash-Sharee’ah is concerned with the guidance of mankind to obedience to Allaah and adherence to His law(shar ‘) Ad-Da’wah as-Siyaasiyyah is concerned with the achievement of appeasing the people through success in elections, and then exerting pressure on the government to meet their partisan demands, the most important of which is their reaching power (in the government)
Ad-Da’wah ash-Sharee’ah looks to the Muslim for what is apparent, and that verily he is from among the Muslims, and you address him with the name of Islaam. Ad-Da’wah as-Siyaasiyyah looks to the Muslim for what is of benefit to the party (hizb) and the organization, so perhaps this is often the cause of their saying: “so and so is a secularist”, “so and so is a liberal”, “un-islaamic” , and so on.
Ad-Da’wah ash-Sharee’ah, its leaders are the `Ulamaa ar-Rabbaaniyoon [7] recognized for their leadership and protection [of the Ummah], like : al-`Allaamah Muhammad Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee, al-`Allaamah `Abdul-`Azeez bin Baaz and al-`Allaamah Muhammad bin Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen ? may Allaah have mercy upon them all -, so verily from them was an effect on hearts of the common Muslims and the students of knowledge. Ad-Da’wah as-Siyaasiyyah, its leaders are the politicians. They have no connection to knowledge, and they don’t have an effect on the hearts of the common Muslims, verily their effect is on the members of the Hizb (party) and the organization only.
Ad-Da’wah ash-Sharee’ah calls them to believe and work in the da’wah to earn Allaah’s Pleasure, and not on the basis of gaining status and prestige. Ad-Da’wah as-Siyaasiyyah, some of its call is their making an affiliation to the hizb (party) a means to achievement, so it is their means for obtaining position and status.
Ad-Da’wah ash-Sharee’ah, its callers spend from their own wealth, as embodied in the saying of the Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) “And do not ask the people for anything” [8], and by that they are also in agreement with the Prophets (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) saying: “The upper hand is better than the lower hand.” [9] Ad-Da’wah as-Siyaasiyyah , its collection boxes and bank allotments and asking of the people is their constant, inseparable characteristic. Indeed it is from their most apparent traits. And they believe that these financial resources are a mainstay of their da’wah and their activities.
The people of Ad-Da’wah ash-Sharee’ah, their manhaj (methodology) is clear for them, so there is no secrecy and no covertness, so they are “upon al-Baydaa’ (a clear proof), its night is like its day (in clarity).” [10] Ad-Da’wah as-Siyaasiyyah, their manhaj is secrecy and obscurity, and devoid of clarity in those matters that it is obligatory to make clear.
Ad-Da’wah ash-Sharee’ah, its positions are fixed and clear, and even if it differs with most of mankind. Ad-Da’wah as-Siyaasiyyah, its positions change, so what was correct yesterday perhaps will be wrong today, and what was wrong today could be correct tomorrow, and so on.
Ad-Da’wah ash-Sharee’ah derives the steps of islaah (rectification) through the legislative texts [i.e. the Qur’aan and authentic Sunnah], and even if this rectification wasn’t achieved, so verily he (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said: ” And a Prophet will come and there will not be anyone with him” [11]- meaning a Prophet from among the Prophets of Allaah will come on Yawm al-Qiyaamah (the Day of Resurrection) and not one person believed in him, and he didn’t change the condition of any one from the individuals of his society which he was sent amongst, so this Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) called to rectification, and no one from his people answered him. Ad-Da’wah as-Siyaasiyyah derives the steps of islaah through achievement of forming the political decision, and through “the aim justifies the means”.
Ad-Da’wah ash-Sharee’ah, its flags and signs are known by their scholastic efforts through exerting themselves to spread the correct `Aqeedah and the Sunnah. Ad-Da’wah as-Siyaasiyyah, its flags and signs are manifest and known by the virtues of the Jamaa’ah and the Hizb and its wealth and its influence, so if you go back in your memory through history, you know that its leaders who were well known, they didn’t reach the position which they reached except through the Jamaa’ah, the Hizb, and its wealth. I will give you an example to make clear the difference between the true flags of al-Haqq (the truth) and other than them:So al-`Allaamah Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee, verily love of him is fixed firmly in the hearts of al-`Aalaameen, and his leadership in `uloomud-Deen (the sciences of the Religion) is firmly established through his strength and steadfastness in sharee’ (legislated) knowledge. And there was no charity to publish his books, and no committee to pay for his expenses, no organization to sponsor his residency visa, and no hizb which promotes his efforts, nor media to publish his essays and show his pictures. On the contrary, his establishment in knowledge was his sign, so he was able to face the nations and the people with his knowledge and understanding, without any organization or leader, and no support except through the Tawfeeq of Allaah. Therefore it was his knowledge which made his leadership a duty upon him in all areas. Noble reader, the saying goes:”And with its opposite, things are made known.”

Footnotes:

[1] [TN]: The Da’wah of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah, those who adhere to the way of the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) and the Salaf of this Ummah (his noble Companions and those who followed them perfectly).

[2] Sooratul-Qasas (28):56

[3] [TN]: The Da’wah of the political groups and parties and the political activists, like Ikhwaan al-Muslimeen, Jam’iyyah Ihyaa’ at-Turaath, and other than them.

[4] Soorah Aal-`Imraan (3):103
[5] Soorah Aali-`Imraan (3):105
[6] Sooratul-Mu’ minoon (23):53

[7] [TN]: Those scholars known for their cultivating the people upon the correct belief, methodology and understanding of the Deen.

[8] Saheeh Muslim (1043) and others from `Awf ibn Maalik. Saheeh. See Saheeh al-Jaami (2646)
[9] Saheeh al-Bukhaaree (1472) and Saheeh Muslim (1033, 1035, 1036).

[TN]: The narrations that show that the way of Ahlus-Sunnah is not asking the people for their filth (their sadaqaat) are many and clear. So those who ascribe themselves to the way of the Salaf and want to call to the Haqq, they do not establish their da’wah upon asking for the peoples money. Rather they establish their da’wah upon hard work and spending upon their da’wah from their own pockets. And Shaykh Ahmad as-Subay’ee explains, you will not find even one athar (narration) from the Companions, nor the Taabi’een, nor the Atbaa’ut-Taabi’ een, nor those who followed after them where they stood up in the masjid to ask the people for their sadaqaat ý not one! And if this had been their way and their guidance, they would have done it. And from those matters which distinguish the Da’watus-Salafiyyah from all the other da’waat is that we take the understanding of the Book and the Sunnah from these aathaar (narrations) from the Salaf of this Ummah, contrary to the political groups and parties.

[10] Ahmad (4/126), Ibn Maajah (43), and al-Haakim (1/96). Al-`Allamah al-Albaanee declared it Saheeh in Saheeh al-Jaami’ (4369).
[11] Al-Bukhaaree

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