The evidence for hope and longing (ar-rajaa) is the saying of Allaah, the Most High:
“So whoever hopes to see His Lord and be rewarded by Him, then let him perform righteous deeds and make it purely and sincerely for Him; and let him not make any share of it to anyone other than his Lord.” [Al-Kahf 18:110]
“The evidence for hope and longing (ar-rajaa)” –
- Hope and longing is one of the pillars that worship is built upon;
- this means that a person is optimistic about obtaining the Mercy and Pardon of Allaah.
- It is obligatory upon the servant that they combine both hope and fear because hope causes a person to long for the Mercy of Allaah and fear prevents them from perpetrating an act that earns the anger of Allaah.
- Some of the people of knowledge have said that fear and hope are like the ‘two wings of the servant’.
- Ar-rajaa is that a person wishes for something that may be attained and is close or it may be something far off but is treated as being close.
- This earnest hope which comprises humility and submission may only be directed to Allaah and directing it to other than this is shirk; whether minor or major depends on state of the heart of the person in this case.
“is the saying of Allaah, the Most High: “So whoever hopes to see His Lord and be rewarded by Him, then let him perform righteous deeds and make it purely and sincerely for Him;” – Meaning,
- whoever desires and longs to meet their Lord, then sheer desire is not enough but he should also perform righteous deeds.
- This verse is a proof that it is obligatory to perform righteous deeds.
- A righteous deed is everything that brings the servant closer to Allaah, whether it is an obligation or a recommended act.
- A person who hopes but does not act is delusional and has false hopes; this is blameworthy.
“and let him not make any share of it to anyone other than his Lord.”” – Meaning,
- he should not commit major shirk that expels him from the religion or minor shirk that negates the completeness of tawheed.
Source: A Gift For The Intellect In Explanation Of The Three Fundamental Principles Of Islaam – By Sheikh Ubaid Al-Jaabiree (Hafizahullah) With some notes from the sharh by Sheikh Salih al Uthaymeen (Rahimahullah)