The first question of Fatwa no. 6355
Q 1: What is the ruling on a 15-year-old youth who breaks his Sawm (Fast) during Ramadan, under the excuse that he is very tired and cannot complete his Sawm on that day? If he is required to make up for that day, can he make up for it after yet another Ramadan passes?
A: It is prohibited for a Mukallaf (person meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions) – someone who is a sane, adult, healthy, resident (non-traveling) Muslim – to break their Sawm during the daytime in Ramadan.
If they experience hardship and are forced by to break their Sawm, exactly as someone who is forced by necessity to eat dead meat, they may only eat as much as is needed to remove the hardship.
Then they have to abstain from all that breaks Sawm (Fast) for the rest of the day, and make up for that day after Ramadan. If they delay making up for it until the following Ramadan with no legitimate excuse, then they have to make up for that day and also feed a needy person for every day not fasted.
Anyone who has fully attained fifteen years of age is an adult person. The same is true for a boy who discharges Maniy (sperm) out of desire in wet dreams or the like or has coarse hair around his pubic region. A girl has an additional fourth sign of puberty, which is menstruation.
May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!
Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Chairman – Iman Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz