The formulae of Allaah’s Remembrance prescribed after Salah – Imam Ibn Baz

Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwi’ah li Samaahat
al-Shaykh ‘Abd al- ‘Azeez ibn ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Baaz, Vol. 11, pp. 188-190 – alifta.net

From ‘Abdul ‘Aziz Bin ‘Abdullah Ibn Baz to those who receive this among Muslims. May Allah guide all Muslims and increase their knowledge and faith, amen!

As-salamu ‘alaykum warahmatullah wabarakatuh (May Allah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!) It gives me pleasure to remind my Muslim brothers that –

It is of the Sunnah for a Muslim to say after each obligatory Salah, whether one is the Imam (the one who leads the congregational Salah), Ma’mum (a person being led by an Imam in Prayer) or Mufarid (a person who performs prayer alone) to say, three times

أَسْـتَغْفِرُ الله 
“Astagfir Allah”
[#1]
(I ask Allah forgiveness)

 and then say,

اللّهُـمَّ أَنْـتَ السَّلامُ ، وَمِـنْكَ السَّلام ، تَبارَكْتَ يا ذا الجَـلالِ وَالإِكْـرام

“Allahumma Anta Al-Salam Wa Minka Al-Salam, Tabarakta Wa Ta’alayta Ya-dhal-Jalali Wal-Ikram” [#1]

(O Allah, You are Al-Salam [the One Who is free from all defects and deficiencies] and from You is all peace, blessed are You, Possessor of majesty and honor!)

If one is Imam, one should turn facing the people. The Imam, those praying behind him, or a person offering Salah individually should say,

لَا إِلهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ، لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ، وَلَا نَعْبُدُ إِلَّا إِيَّاهُ، لَه النِّعْمَةُ وَلَهُ الْفَضْلُ وَلَهُ الثَّنَاءُ الْحَسَنُ، لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ وَلَوْ كَرِهَ الْكَافِرُونَ

 اللَّهُمَّ لَا مَانِعَ لِمَا أَعْطَيْتَ، وَلَا مُعْطِيَ لِمَا مَنَعْتَ، وَلَا يَنْفَعُ ذَا الْجَدِّ مِنْكَ الْجَدُّ

Laa ‘ilaaha ‘illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul-mulku, wa lahul-hamdu wa Huwa ‘alaa kulli shay ‘in Qadeer. Laa hawla wa laa quwwata ‘illaa billaahi, laa ‘ilaaha ‘illallaahu, wa laa na’budu ‘illaa ‘iyyaahu, lahun-ni’matu wa lahul-fadhlu wa lahuth-thanaa’ul-hasanu, laa ‘ilaaha ‘illallaahu mukhliseena lahud-deena wa law karihal-kaafiroon. Allaahumma laa mani’a limaa ‘a’tayta, wa laa mu’tiya limaa mana’ta, wa laa yanfa’u thal-jaddi minkal-jadd. [#2]

(None has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone, without any partner. To Allah belong all sovereignty and praise. He is Omnipotent over all things. There is no might nor power except with Allah. None has the right to be worshipped except Him. We worship none but Him. To Allah all favor, grace, and praise are due. None has the right to be worshipped except Allah and we are sincere in faith and devotion to Him although disbelievers detest it. Oh Allah! Oh Allah! None can prevent what You willed to give and none can grant what You have willed to prevent, and no wealth or majesty can benefit anyone, as from You is all wealth and majesty).

After offering Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer and Fajr (Dawn) Prayer one should say along with what is mentioned previously,

After completing the prayer:

لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحَدْهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ، وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

Laa ‘ilaaha ‘illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu yuhyee wa yumeetu wa Huwa ‘alaa kulli shay’in Qadeer

[None has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, Who has no partner. His is the dominion and His is the praise . He brings life and He causes death , and He is Able to do all things.]

After that, one is to say each of the following supplications thirty three times;

(a) “Subhana Allah” (Glory is to Allah),

(b) “Al-Hamdu Lillah” (praise is due to Allah) and

(c) “Allahu Akbar” (Allah is the Great),

and then complete the hundred by saying,

لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحَدْهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ، وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

Laa ‘ilaaha ‘illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu yuhyee wa yumeetu wa Huwa ‘alaa kulli shay’in Qadeer

It is recommended for the Imam, Ma’mum, and Munfarid to recite these supplications audibly after each obligatory Salah in a low voice without disturbing others.

It is authentically reported in the two Sahih on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) that raising one’s voice in supplication after concluding the obligatory Salah was during the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Ibn ‘Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) said, “I used to know when they finished the Salah by this (supplications as they were said aloud) if I heard them.” 

[Al-Bukhari, Sahih, Book on Adhan, no. 841; Muslim, Sahih, Book on Masjids and places for Salah, no. 583; Al-Nasaa’y, Sunan, Book on Sujud-ul-Sahw, no. 1335; Abu Dawud, Sunan, Book on Salah, no. 1003; and Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 1, p. 367.’]

However, it is not permissible to say these supplications collectively. Each worshipper should recite them individually without observing the voice of others, because reciting supplications collectively is Bid’ah and has no basis in the divine Shari’ah (law) of Allah.

It is recommended for Imam, Ma’mum, and Munfarid to recite

Ayat-ul-Kursy (the Qur’anic Verse of Allah’s Foot stool, Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:255[#3]  inaudibly.

After that,

Surah-Al-Iklas (the Qur’an, Surah 112),

Surah-Al-Falaq (the Qur’an, Surah 113), and

Surah-Al-Nas (the Qur’an, Surah 114)

inaudibly after each obligatory Salah and repeat them three times after the Maghrib (Sunset) and Fajr (Dawn) Salahs. [#4]

This is preferable, for the authenticity of what we have mentioned above.

May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, His companions, and those who follow him rightfully till the Day of Judgment.

The Grand Mufty of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 
Chairman of the Departments of Scholarly Research, Ifta’, Da`wah, and Guidance
24/10/1414 A.H.

PS: [AbdurRahman.Org] Du’aa transliterations slightly corrected for the better pronunciation

Foot Notes : (added by AbdurRahman.Org)

[#1] Sahih  Muslim 1/414

[#2] Sahih  Muslim 1/415

[#3] An-Nasaai, ‘Amalul Yawm-Yawm wal-Layl (hadith No.100), also Ibn As-Sunni (n.121). See also Al-Albanee Sahihul-Jaami As-Sagheer 5/339 and Silsilatul-Ahadeeth As-Saheehah 2/697 (no.972)

[#4] Abu Dawood 2/86, An-Nasaai 3/68, see also Al-Albanee, Sahih At-Tirmidhi 2/8.