The Six Conditions Of Adhering To The Guidance Of The Prophet (Shuroot Al-Mutaabi’ah Sittah) – Shaykh Ahmed al-Wasaabee

Translation Of The Text In Al-Qawl-ul-Mufeed Fee Adillatit Tawheed:

Benefit (Faa’idah):

ash-Shaykh al-‘Allaamah al-Faqeeh Muhammad ibn Saalih ibn ‘Uthaymeen (rahimahullaahu ta’aalaa) said:

In his valuable book ((al-Ibdaa’ fee Kamaal ash-Shara’ wa Khatar al-Ibtidaa’)) [Innovations in the Perfect Legislation and the Hazards of Innovations] pages 21 –23:

( … Oh my brother, verily following and adherence does not become a reality until the action is in agreement with six issues:

The First (al-Awwal): as-Sabab (Reason). Like the one who prays two Raka’at for the reason of the descending of the rain (Nuzool al-Matar).

The Second (ath-Thaanee): al-Jins (Type). Like the one who brings his Zakaat al-Fitr in the form of money.

The Third (ath-Thaalith): al-Qadar (Number). Like the one who prays four Raka’at for Maghrib intentionally.

The Fourth (ar-Raabi’): al-Kayfiyyah (How). Like the one who makes Wudoo’ (ablution) and starts with his feet and ends with his face.

The Fifth (al-Khaamis): az-Zamaan (Time). Like the one who performs the ‘Udhiyah (slaughtering) in Ramadhaan.

The Sixth (as-Saadis): al-Makaan (Place). Like the one who makes I’tikaaf in places other than the Masaajid.

Oh my brother: Bite unto the Sunnah of the Messenger ( صلى الله عليه و سلم) with your molar teeth (an- Nawaajidh). And tread the path of as-Salafus-Saalih (the righteous predecessors), and be on what they were upon, and see if this harms you in any way?!). End of his (rahimahullaah) speech with abbreviation (Tasarruf) and summarization (Ikhtisaar).

Explanation Of The Text By Shaykh Ahmed Al-Wasaabee (Hafidhahullaah):

The above six conditions that have been mentioned, they are the conditions for which every action must be in agreement to them. And the examples that ash-Shaykh al-‘Uthaymeen has mentioned for each of the six conditions are the actions that are opposite to and do not satisfy these conditions.

So in regards to the first condition, and it is as-Sabab (reason), then the example mentioned, which is of the one who prays two Raka’at for the descending of the rain, then it has no Daleel (evidence) from the Kitaab or the Sunnah, and the Book and the Sunnah have not legislated and given us permission to pray two Raka’at for the reason of the descending of the rain.

And the second example, of the one who brings his Zakaat al-Fitr in the form of money, then this is in opposition to the Ahaadeeth of the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و سلم) when he ordered the people that they should bring out their Zakaat at the end of Ramadhaan in the form of foodstuff, such as raisins or dates.

And the third condition, which is al-Qadar (number), and the example mentioned is of the one who prays four Raka’at for Salaatul-Maghrib intentionally, and we know the number legislated for Salaatul-Maghrib is three Raka’at.

And the fourth example is of the person who makes Wudoo’ and starts with his feet first and ends with his face, and this is also in opposition to the Sunnah of the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه و سلم).

So al-‘Allaamah ibn ‘Uthaymeen has mentioned the examples which oppose and go against the Sunnah in these six conditions.

And the sixth condition, which is al-Makaan (place), and the example mentioned is of the one who makes I’tikaaf in places other than the Masjid. So the one who makes I’tikaaf in his house, or in a cave, or in any place other than the Masjid, then his I’tikaaf is not accepted. And the best places to make I’tikaaf are the three Masaajid: Masjid al-Haraam, Masjid an- Nabawee, and Masjid al-Aqsa. And there is a Hadeeth in which we find the wording: ((There is no I’tikaaf except in the three Masaajid)) [Laa I’tikaaf Illaa fil-Masaajid ath-Thalaathah] [1]. And Shaykh Ahmed mentioned that this Hadeeth is weak in its chain, and the meaning of the Hadeeth is that the best and more perfect type of I’tikaaf is in these three Masaajid, even though it is allowable for a person to make I’tikaaf in other than these three Masaajid.

[1] 1 Sa’eed ibn Mansoor said in his Sunan as is stated in al-Muhallaa (5/195, issue: 633): Sufyaan ibn ‘Uyaynah narrated to us from Jaami’ ibn Abee Raashid from Shaqeeq ibn Salamah that he said: “Hudhayfah said to ‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood: ‘I have come to know that the Messenger of Allaah ( صلى الله عليه و سلم ) said: ((There is no I’tikaaf except in the three Masaajid)).’”

By Shaykh Ahmed al-Wasaabee
Translated by Shaakir al-Kanadee
Transcribed on Rabee’-ath-Thaanee 20, 1427 / May 18, 2006 by Abu Abdullah.

Source‘al-Qawl-ul- Mufeed Fee Adillatit-Tawhid’ [Beneficial Speech in Establishing the Evidences of Tawhid] – Shaykh Muhammad al-Wasabi