Hijrah is An Obligation Upon this Nation and it Continues Until The Hour is Established – Shaykh Salih Fawzan

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah by Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan
Translated by Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah
Below in the Transcription of the Audio Explanation of Dawud Burbank

Hijrah is to move from the land of shirk to the land of Islaam.[63]


[63] al-Hijrah in the (Arabic) language means “to abandon something.” As for hijrah in the legislation, then it is just as the Shaykh defined it: “to depart from the land of kufr and go to the land of Islaam.” This is hijrah in the legislation. And hijrah is a tremendous deed; Allaah has joined it along with jihaad in many aayaat.

Hijrah, from the land of shirk to the land of Islaam, is an obligation upon this nation and it continues until the Hour is established.[64]


[64] Hijrah is joined along with jihaad in Allaah’s cause and it is an obligation which remains, it is not being abrogated. It is obligatory upon every Muslim who needs to perform Hijrah that he should perform Hijrah. And it is not permissible for the Muslim to remain in the lands of kufr when he is not able to make his religion apparent; so then it is obligatory upon him to migrate to the lands of the Muslims. So it is an obligation which remains, because of his sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam saying:

«Hijrah will not be cut off until repentance is cut off and repentance will not be cut off until the sun rises from its place of setting.»[1]

The proof is His Saying, the Most High:

«As for those whose souls the angels take in a state of having earned Allaah’s anger, the angels will say to them:  ‘In what condition were you?’ They will say: We were weakened (by the great numbers and strength of the people of shirk) in our land.’ They will reply: ‘Was not Allaah’s earth spacious so that you could make hijrah therein? These people will find their abode in Hell and what an evil destination that is.  Except for those who were rendered weak from the men, women and children who were unable to migrate or find a way to do so.  As for such people, Allaah will certainly pardon them and Allaah is ever One who pardons and forgives the sins of His servants[4:97-99][65]

[65] These two aayaat contain a threat against abandoning performing the hijrah when the person is able to perform it – and that his abode will be the Hellfire – what an evil destination. Even though he does not exit from Islaam – this is from the nusoos al-wa`eed (the texts which contain a threat). So, if he abandons the hijrah, then he has abandoned something obligatory and he will be sinful. However, he does not exit from Islaam through abandonment of the hijrah, but there is a severe threat upon him. Then, Allaah explains in the aayah after it, the excuse by which the obligation of the hijrah falls away. He, the Most High, said:

«Except for those who were rendered weak from the men, women and wildaan[4:97]

Meaning: the children.

«Who were unable to migrate» [4:97]

They do not possess the ability.

«Or find a way to do so»

Meaning: they do not know the way to the land – the city – because hijrah requires (a person) to make a journey, otherwise (it may be the case) that a person dies during the journey if he does not know the way.

So therefore their excuse is in two matters:

Firstly: Those who were not able to carry it out.

Secondly: Those who do not know the way.

So even if they have the financial capability, but do not have awareness of the way that they could follow, someone to guide them upon the way – this is the correct excuse.

As for the person who has the capability and knows the way, then there is no excuse for him.

And His saying, He the Most High:

«O My servants who believe! Indeed My earth is spacious, so worship Me alone[29:56]

al-Baghawee (rahimahullaah) said: “The reason for the sending down of this aayah concerns the Muslims who were in Makkah and did not migrate; Allaah addressed them with the title of eemaan.”

The proof for the hijrah found in the Sunnah is his sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam saying: «Hijrah will not be discontinued until repentance is discontinued, and repentance will not be discontinued until the sun rises from its place of setting[66]

[66] This aayah is from Soorah al-`Ankaboot. It contains a command to migrate and that the earth of Allaah is spacious. So, if you are in a land where you are not able to make your religion apparent, in that case Allaah’s earth is spacious, so move away from it. Do not remain in the bad part; rather leave it and go somewhere in Allaah’s spacious earth. Allaah, the Perfect and Most High, has made the earth spacious. The proof for the hijrah found in the Sunnah is his sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam saying:

«Hijrah will not be discontinued until repentance is discontinued, and repentance will not be discontinued until the sun rises from its place of setting.»[2]

As for his sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam‘s saying:

«There is no migrating after the conquest (of Makkah).»[3]

What is apparent from the hadeeth is that the migrating came to an end after the conquest of Makkah. Some people think that there is a contradiction between the hadeeth and between his sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam saying:

«Hijrah will not be discontinued until repentance is discontinued, and repentance will not be discontinued until the sun rises from its place of setting.»[4]

However, the people of knowledge respond to his hadeeth (by saying) that what is meant by «there is no migrating after the conquest» is (no migrating) from Makkah, since through the conquest, it became an abode of Islaam. The people thought that migrating remained from Makkah after the conquest so they wished to attain the reward of migrating. As for migrating from the land of disbelief, then it remains until the Hour is established. The proof is the previous aayaat and the previous prophetic hadeeth. This is the response to this difficulty.

Footnotes:

[1] Reported by Aboo Daawood no. 2479 and Ahmad from a hadeeth of Mu`aawiyyah ibn Abee Sufyaan, radiyallaahu `anhumaa.

[2] Reported by Aboo Daawood no. 2479 and Ahmad from a hadeeth of Mu`aawiyyah ibn Sufyaan, radiyallaahu `anhumaa. [It was declared saheeh by al-Albaanee].

[3] Reported by al-Bukhaaree no. 2783 and Muslim no. 1353 from a hadeeth of ibn `Abbaas, radiyallaahu `anhumaa, and reported by Muslim no. 1864 from a hadeeth of `Aa.ishah, radiyallaahu `anhaa.

[4] Reported by Aboo Daawood no. 2479 and Ahmad from a hadeeth of Mu`aawiyyah ibn Sufyaan, radiyallaahu `anhumaa. [It was declared saheeh by al-Albaanee].