“I am Allaah’s Slave and His Messenger” – Compiled & Translated by Dawud Burbank

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم 

IMAAM AN-NASAA·EE reported in his “`Amalul-Yawm wal Laylah” (no. 250):

<<Aboo Bakr ibn Naafi` related to us, saying: Bahz narrated to us, saying: Hammaad ibn Salamah narrated to us, saying: Thaabit narrated to us: from Anas:

that some people said to Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم): “O best one of us, and the son of the best of us! O our chief and the son of our chief!” So Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: << O people! Say what you have to say, and do not let Satan mislead you into following desires. I do not want you to raise me above the position which Allaah -the Most High – gave to me. I am Muhammad the son of ‘Abdullaah. His Slave and His Messenger. >>

Also reported by Ahmad, Ibn Humayd in “al-Muntakhab”, Ibn Mandah in “atTawheed”, and others.

Shaikh al-Albaanee said: “Its chain of narration is “Saheeh” to the standard of Muslim.” [“Ghaayatul-Maraam” (no. 127); “as-Saheehah” (nos. 1097 & 1572).

***

Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan -hafizahullaah- said in “I`aanatul-mustafeed bisharh Kitaabit-Tawheed” (2/435- ):

“…Their saying: “O our chief and the son of our chief!” was something the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) rebuked; and likewise their saying: “O best one of us and the son of the best of us! “The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) also criticised this, because the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) did not desire praise. Rather he wanted to be described with that which Allaah-the Most High – described him with: with Messengership and Prophethood, and that is sufficient honour for him (صلى الله عليه و سلم).

His saying: << And do not let Satan mislead you into following desires ( laa yastahwiyannakumush-Shaytaan). >> : (yastahwiyannakum) means: that he leads you into following desires which lead away from the path of Allaah -the Mighty and Majestic; or it is from “al-Hawiyy”, which means falling into destruction; meaning: let not Satan cause you to fall into misguidance, or let him not cause you to fall into desires which lead you astray from the path of Allaah -the Mighty and Majestic; for Satan misleads people in gradual stages, until he brings about their destruction. So the Muslim should be aware of Satan, and his misleading in gradual stages, and his leading into following desires. He should not relax with regard to Satan about anything, even if it is something slight, since it will become greater and larger.

Then he (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:

<< I am Muhammad, Allaah’s Slave and His Messenger. >>

This is the correct way to mention him (صلى الله عليه و سلم) with praise: servitude and Messengership.

<< I do not love that you raise me above the position which Allaah -the Mighty and Majestic-gave to me. >>

This is the wisdom behind his (صلى الله عليه و سلم) forbiddance: that he feared for them, in their praising of him, that they would raise him above the position which Allaah gave to him; and that is Servitude (`Uboodiyyah) and Messengership (Risaalah). So he feared that they would start to believe that he had some aspects of Lordship ( Ruboobiyyah), just as happened to the Christians with regard to `Eesaa -`alaihis-Salaatu was-Salaam.

So the saying “His Slave” (`Abduhu ) prevents excessive praise (ghuluww); and the saying “His Messenger” (Rasooluhu) prevents belittlement of him (صلى الله عليه و سلم). So you should not just say that he is only a man and a human, and think that he has no distinction over the rest of mankind, as is said by the Unbelievers:

“You are nothing but a man like us” [Sooratush-Shu`araa·. (26): 154]

SO THESE TWO HADEETH [1] GIVE US SOME TREMENDOUS POINTS OF BENEFIT:

[1] i.e. This hadeeth along with a similar hadeeth of `Abdullaah ibn ash-Shikhkheerradiyallaahu `anhu.

THE FIRST POINT OF BENEFIT:

Is a warning against going beyond the limits (al-ghuluww) with regard to him (صلى الله عليه و سلم), by way of excessive praise; and that he should only be described with those attributes given to him by Allaah: Servitude ( al-`Uboodiyyah) and Messengership (ar-Risaalah).

As for going beyond the limits regarding him, and describing him as removing troubles and forgiving sins, and that rescue and relief can be sought from him- `alaihis-Salaatu was-Salaam-after his death: as actually occurs with many of those who have deviated today, in what they call “poems of praise of the Prophet”- such as “al-Burdah” of al-Boosayree; and its like from what has been said by the deviants; then this is excessiveness ( ghuluww) which has led to shirk; such as the saying of al-Boosayree:

‘O noblest one of the creation! I have none to seek protection
and shelter with besides you, when disasters strike;
And if you do not take hold of my hand in the Hereafter,
as a favour from you, then O how I shall fall!
Since from your generosity comes the whole world and its treasures;
and from your knowledge is the knowledge of the Preserved Tablet and the Pen.’

This is going beyond the due limits (ghuluww), and Allaah’s refuge is sought, which led to Unbelief and Shirk, to such an extent the he did not leave anything for Allaah at all! He ascribed everything to the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم): This world and the Hereafter ascribed to the Messenger. The Preserved Tablet and the Pen ascribed to the Messenger. That none can save from the Torment on the Day of Resurrection except the Messenger. So what then remains for Allaah- the Mighty and Majestic?

This is a poem which they circulate, memorise, and recite during the “mawlid” (Innovated birthday celebrations). Likewise other poems of Kufr and Shirk, particularly that which they recite during the innovated mawlid (birthday celebrations) from poems of Shirk. The cause of all of this is exceeding the bounds (ghuluww) with regard to the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم).

As for praising him (صلى الله عليه و سلم) with that which Allaah described him with, that he is a Slave [of Allaah] (`Abd) and Messenger (Rasool), and that he is the best of the creation, then there is no harm in this ; just as occurs in the poetry of the Companions who praised him, like the poetry of Hassaan ibn Thaabit, and Ka`b ibn Zuhayr, and likewise Ka`b ibn Maalik, and `Abdullaah ibn Rawaahah.

These are pure and good poems. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) heard them and approved of them because they did not contain any excessive praise (ghuluww); rather they contained a mention of his (صلى الله عليه و سلم) characteristics…. >>. ”

***

Shaikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-`Uthaymeen – rahimahullaah- said in “alQawlul-Mufeed `alaa Kitaabit-Tawheed”. ( 2/519-521):

“His saying: “I am Muhammad, the Slave of Allaah and His Messenger”: Muhammad is his personal name and “`Abdullaah’ (Allaah’s Slave) and “Rasooluhu” (His Messenger) are two attributes of his; and these two characteristics are the finest and most profound of the characteristics of the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم). So therefore Allaah -the Most High – described him with Servitude with regard to the greatest of positions:

in the position of His sending the Qur·aan down to him. He-the Most High – said:

“Exalted is He who sent down the Criterion to His Slave” [Sooratul-Furqaan (25):1]

and He described him with it in the situation of the Night-Journey. He-the Most High – said:

“Perfect is He who took His Slave on a journey by night” [Sooratul-Israa· (17):1]

and He described him with it in the situation of his ascent through the heavens. He -the Most High – said:

“So He revealed to His Slave whatever He revealed” [Sooratun-Najm (53): 10]

and He described him with it in the situation of defending him and challenging his opponents. He-the Most High – said:

“And if you are in doubt concerning that which We sent down to Our Slave” [Sooratul-Baqarah (2):23]

and the same was the case with the (rest of the) Prophets, such as in His Saying – He the Most High:

“O descendants of those whom We carried in the ship along with Nooh. Indeed he was a thankful slave” [Sooratul-Israa· (17): 3]

So this is a special and specific Servitude, and it is the highest of the types of servitude. Then servitude to Allaah is the greatest of the attributes of mankind, since man will either worship Allaah or Satan. He-the Most High – said:

“Did I not command you, O descendants of Aadam, that you should not worship Satan. Indeed he is a clear enemy to you. And that you should worship Me alone. That is the Straight Path” [Soorah YaaSeen: (36):60-61]

Ibnul-Qayyim said:

“They fled away from the Servitude for which they were created, and were afflicted instead with servitude to the self and to Satan… (And His Messenger): Meaning: The One sent by Him to the whole of mankind. He- the Most High – said:

“Say: O Muhammad! I am indeed the Messenger of Allaah to you all” [Sooratul-A`raaf (7):158]

And Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) is at the pinnacle of the levels of righteousness. He the Most High – said:

“And whoever obeys Allaah and the Messenger, then they will be along with those whom Allaah has bestowed favour upon; from the Prophets, their true and sincere followers, the martyrs, and the righteous; and what a fine company they are” [Sooratun-Nisaa· (4):69]

So amongst the Prophets was the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم), indeed he was the most excellent of them…

And two groups went to extreme with regard to the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم)

A group who went to such an extreme that they worshipped him, and they took him for times of ease and hardship, and they worshipped him and called upon him besides Allaah;

A group denied him; and claimed that he was a liar, a sorcerer, a poet, a madman, a soothsayer, and the like;

And his saying “Allaah’s Slave and His Messenger’ is a refutation of both of the groups…”

***

[Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood ibn Ronald Burbank]

[Download PDF Here]

Posted fromhttps://alitisaambissunnah.wordpress.com

Related Links :

Committing Shirk in the Messengership of the Prophet ﷺ 

Writing ‘Ya Allaah & Ya Muhammad’ – Shaykh Rabee ibn Haadee

Ruling on Tabarruk by the Prophet’s ﷺ relics and supplicating to him – Shaik ibn Baaz

The Messenger ﷺ  did not stretch his hand from his grave to anyone – Ibn Baaz

Does the Prophet ﷺ have the knowledge of the unseen ? Dr. Saleh as-Saleh [Audio|En]

Was the Prophet ﷺ  created from light? – Al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah

Is the Prophet ﷺ Alive Now in his Grave ? – Dr. Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Say (O Muhammad ﷺ): “I am only a man” – Explanation by Shaykh al-Fawzaan

Ruling On Qasidat al-Burda – Al´Allâmah ibn al-ʻUthaymīn [Video|Ar-En]

Q&A on The Qasidah Burdah of Busairi and the Ash’ari’s – Al-‘Allaamah Saalih al-Fawzaan [Video|Ar-En Subtitles]

Learn about our Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) – http://salaf-us-saalih.com/muhammad