Know! May Allaah have Mercy upon you – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

 

Bismillaah

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 01 : Part C
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

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Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:

اِعْلَمْ  رَحِمَكَ اللهُ

Know! May Allaah have Mercy upon you2


Shaykh Fawzan Explanation:

[2]:

His saying, “Know!”, it is a word which indicates giving importance to the topic, so when he said, “Know!”, then its meaning is that the matter which he is going to put before you is a matter which is important. So this word, “Know!”, indicates the importance of the topic which he is beginning it with.

And the meaning of, “Know!”, Is that it is a command from, ‘knowledge’, meaning, ‘learn!’. And knowledge means: to comprehend something as it actually is, or, to perceive something in accordance with how it actually is.

To comprehend something in a manner which is contrary to how it actually is in reality, or to perceive something contrary to the reality of it, this is ignorance, and it is the opposite of knowledge.

His saying, “May Allaah have Mercy upon you”, this is a supplication for the seeker of knowledge, so the shaikh makes supplication for the student of knowledge, that Allaah has Mercy upon him, and that He the Perfect and Most High should place Mercy upon them. So this shows the kindness of the teacher towards the student, and that he should begin with good and fine speech, and with righteous supplication, so that this has an effect upon him and so that he turns attentively to his teacher.

As for if the teacher begins with stern words, and with speech which is not appropriate, then this will alienate (i.e. will cause the student to flee). So what is obligatory upon the teacher and upon whoever calls to Allaah and whoever commands the good and forbids the evil is to be kind and gentle with those he addresses with making supplication for him and complimenting him and speaking with mild speech, because this is more likely to bring about acceptance.

As for the obstinate opponent and the person who proudly refuses to accept, then there is a different way of addressing this person. Allaah the Perfect said:

وَلَا تُجَادِلُوا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ إِلَّا بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْهُمْ ۖ وَقُولُوا آمَنَّا بِالَّذِي أُنزِلَ إِلَيْنَا وَأُنزِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ وَإِلَٰهُنَا وَإِلَٰهُكُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ

And do not debate with the People of the Book except in a manner which is best, except those of them who transgress. And say we truly believe in what was sent down to us, and what was sent down to you, and our Lord whom we worship and your Lord is One, and we are Muslims in submission to Him. [29:46]

So those who transgressed from the People of the Book and knowingly and obstinately refused the truth, and rejected the truth with pride, those people are not addressed in the manner which is finest, rather they are addressed with that which will deter them. He the Most High said:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ جَاهِدِ الْكُفَّارَ وَالْمُنَافِقِينَ وَاغْلُظْ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ وَمَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ ۖ وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ

O Prophet, strive hard against the unbelievers and the hypocrites and be stern with them. And their final abode is the Hell-fire, and what an evil destination. [9:73] 

The hypocrites, they are not fought against with weapons, rather jihaad is waged against them with proof and speech and by refuting them with sternness as a deterrent for them, and in order to deter the rest of the people away from them. And He the Most High said with regard to them:

أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ يَعْلَمُ اللَّهُ مَا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ وَعِظْهُمْ وَقُل لَّهُمْ فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ قَوْلًا بَلِيغًا 

And admonish them with a saying which will have an effect upon them. [4:63]

There is a specific manner of addressing those people, because they are people who deliberately and obstinately reject, and reject from pride, and they do not want the truth, rather they want to misguide the people, so those people are addressed with that which befits them.

As for the student who seeks guidance, then he should be spoken to with gentleness and mercy, and kindness, because he desires the truth, and he desires knowledge and he desires benefit.

His saying, “Know! May Allaah have Mercy upon you”, is a supplication for you for mercy, for if Allaah truly has Mercy upon you, then through that you will be blissful in this life and in the hereafter, if you enter within the Mercy of Allaah – and this is a supplication from a great scholar and a righteous man, so it is to be hoped that it will be accepted, if Allaah wishes.

MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) for this Audio: (Source)

The Shaykh Saalih al Fawzaan hafidhahullaah mentions in his explanation that:

Q1. when the Imaam says, “Know”:

a) he does so because he is assuming that the reader is ignorant of his own religion
b) he does so because he is assuming that the reader will not pay attention unless he is given a command like this
c) he does so because he wishes to draw attention to the importance of the topic he is about to discuss [9]
d) this word is a command, with meaning of “learn!”

Answers: c) d)

Q2) al ‘ilm (knowledge) is:

a) To perceive something in accordance to how that thing actually is [10]
b) Memorising many facts
c) To conceive of something in accordance to how it is
d) The opposite of al jahl (ignorance) [11]

Answers: a) d)

Q3) when the Imaam says, “May Allaah have mercy upon you”:[12]

a) He does so to remind the readers that death is close to all of us
b) He fears that the readers are people of sin, in great need of Allaah’s Mercy
c) He is making a du’aa (supplication) for the readers
d) He does so out of fear that the readers will curse him if he does not say this

Answer: c)

Q4) when the Imaam begins with a good word such as, “May Allaah have mercy upon you” [13]:

a) The student will be influenced by these good manners in a positive way
b) It will bring the student turn attentively to his teacher
c) It will prevent the student from being driven away from his teacher, such as would occur if the Imaam began with a harsh word instead
d) The student will blindly follow a teacher who begins his lesson in such a nice manner

Answers: a), b) c)

Q5) the scholar and the person who is calling to Allaah and enjoining the good and forbidding the evil should:

a) Call the people in a kind manner
b) Turn a blind eye to the sins of the people
c) Use gentle speech [14]
d) Constantly emphasise Allaah’s Punishment and Wrath and Anger

Answers: a) c)

Q6). when the scholars and callers are dealing with the hypocrites and people who stubbornly reject the Truth when it comes to them:

a) Then it is legislated to use sternness against them [15]
b) That one of the intentions is: to cause the rest of the people to have aversion to these hypocrites and disbelievers
c) That gentle words are used with them and gifts are given to them
d) That they ask the Muslim rulers to wage war on these hypocrites and disbelievers

Answers: a) b)

Q7). those people who stubbornly refuse to accept the Truth when it is presented to them:

a) Should be given money and gifts until they accept the Truth
b) Wish to misguide the rest of the people [16]
c) Should be dealt with in the same manner as those who are unaware of the Truth
d) Will definitely go to the Hellfire

Answers: b)

Footnotes for MCQ:

[9] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

When he says “know!” then its meaning is: the matter which he is going to put before you is an important matter ; so this word “know” indicates the importance of the topic which he is beginning with.

[10] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

Al ‘ilm (knowledge) is to comprehend something as it actually is or to perceive something in accordance with how it actually is.

[11] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

To comprehend something in a manner contrary to how it actually is in reality or to perceive something contrary to reality of it – this is al jahl (ignorance) and it is the opposite of al ‘ilm.

[12] Shaykh Zayd al Madkhalee rahimahullaah mentions in his explanation of Thalaathat ul Usool :

Then he (the author) follows the tanbeeh (notification contained in the word “know”) with a supplication for every reader and for every listener. And (this) is the one of the manners of the scholars, those who give importance to the great affair of Islaam and of the Muslims and who love goodness for the person who seeks goodness, when he (the author) says: “may Allaah have mercy upon you”.

[13] Shaykh Saalih ibn ‘Abdil ‘Azeez aale Shaykh hafidhahullaah mentions in his explanation of Thalaathat ul Usool about the statement “Know, may Allaah have mercy upon you”

And contained in this is talattuf (kindness), and it contains a notification that this knowledge is built upon kindness and upon mercy to the students – because it is a supplication for mercy for him..

The Messenger sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:

Ar Rahmaan (the Most Merciful) has mercy upon those who are merciful; have mercy upon those who are upon the Earth, the One who is above the Heaven will have mercy upon you.

The scholars said that the cause for this is that this knowledge is built upon mercy, and its result in this worldly life is mercy and its end outcome in the Hereafter is mercy. Therefore the Shaykh rahimahullaah drew attention to this in a kind and concise manner when he said:

Know – may Allah have mercy upon you
(this being) a supplication for mercy upon the student.

[14] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

So it is obligatory upon the teacher and upon the one who calls to Allaah and upon the one who commands with the good and prohibits the evil that they be kind and gentle to the person they are addressing with supplication for them and through complimenting them and using mild speech, because this is more likely to bring about acceptance.

[15] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

As for the mu’aanid (the one who stubbornly rejects the truth) and the one who mukaabir (the one who rejects it out of pride) then he is addressed in a different manner.

Allaah the Perfect says:

And do not debate with the People of the Book except in a way which is best – except with those of them who transgress. And say “We truly believe in what was sent down to us and in what was sent down to you. Our Lord whom we worship and your Lord is One and we are Muslims in submission to Him. [Soorah al ‘Ankaboot (29) aayah 46]

So those who transgressed from the People of the Book and who obstinately refused the Truth and rejected the Truth with pride – then those people are not addressed “billatee hiya ahsan”(in the manner which is best) – rather they are addressed with that which will deter them.

He the Most High said:

O Prophet! Strive hard against the kuffaar and the hypocrites and be stern with them. And their Final Abode is the Hellfire and what an evil destination. [Soorah at Tawbah (9) aayah 73]

[16] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

And He the Most High said about them (the hypocrites):

And admonish them with a saying that will have an effect upon them. [Soorah an Nisaa (4) aayah 63]

There is a specific manner for addressing them because they are people who reject out of stubbornness and pride and do not want the Truth; rather they only wish to misguide the people.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

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