Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 23 Part C
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]
Al-Khashyah (Fear and Awe) and its Proof
Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:
The proof for al-Khashyah (awe) is His saying, He the Most High:
So do not have Khashyah (awe) of them [2:150] 19
: Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan’s Explanation:
Al-Khashyah (awe) is a type of Khawf (fear), and it is more specific than just fear. And it is said al-Khashyah (awe) is fear which is mixed with veneration. He the Most High said:
So do not have Khashyah (awe) of them [2:150]
Allaah the Perfect and Most High commanded having Khashyah (awe) of Him alone.
He the Most High said in the aayah:
فَلَا تَخْشَوْهُمْ وَاخْشَوْنِي وَلِأُتِمَّ نِعْمَتِي عَلَيْكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَهْتَدُونَ
So do not have Khashyah (awe) of them, but rather have Khashyah (awe) of Me, and so that I may complete My favour upon you and so that you may be guided. [2:150]
So He commanded having Khashyah (awe) of Him, He the Perfect and Most High, and He said in description of those who pray salaah:
وَالَّذِينَ هُم مِّنْ عَذَابِ رَبِّهِم مُّشْفِقُونَ
And those who have fear of the punishment of their Lord [70:27]
Meaning they have fear, they are the elite ones from the creation, they have fear of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. And He said about the Angels:
يَخَافُونَ رَبَّهُم مِّن فَوْقِهِمْ وَيَفْعَلُونَ مَا يُؤْمَرُونَ
They have fear of their Lord from above them, and they do whatever they are commanded [16:50]
The elite of the creation from the Angels and the Messengers and the beloved and the obedient servants and the righteous ones, they have the utmost Khashyah (awe) of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic and Khawf (fear) of Him, He the Perfect and Most High and Rahbah (dread) of Him.
So ar-Rahbah (dread) and al-Khawf (fear) and al-Khashyah (awe), all of them have a single meaning, even though some of them are more specific than others. However they all share in being Khawf (fear) of Allaah the Perfect and Most High. And these are from the characteristics of the Prophets and the righteous servants of Allaah, and they are tremendous types of worship and they are from the actions of the hearts which are not known except to Allaah the Perfect and Most High.
Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah
Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah
Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank
Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles
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