The Caller must destroy the obstacles that stand between him and the people – Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen

The Fifth Provision: The Caller must destroy the obstacles that stand between him and the people

The Caller must destroy the obstacles that stand between him and the people. This is since many of our brothers who are Callers, when they see people committing some evil, their over-protectiveness and hatred for this evil causes them to not go to these people and advise them. This is an error and it is not from wisdom at all. Rather, wisdom mandates that you go to them and invite them (i.e. give them da’wah), that you convey to them the truth, inciting them and intimidating them (with the Qur’aan and the Sunnah). Do not say that these people are sinners and that I cannot walk amongst them. O Muslim Caller, if you can’t walk amongst these people and go to them to call them to Allaah, then who will take charge of them? Won’t one of those individuals take charge of them? Won’t people who have no knowledge take charge of them? This should never be. This is why the Caller must have patience. And doing this is part of the patience that we talked about previously that the Caller must have. He must have patience and hate these evils. However, he must break the barriers between him and the people, such that he is able to bring his da’wah (call) to those who are in need of it. But as for him being haughty, then this is in opposition to what the Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) used to do. As is well known, the Prophet would go to the polytheists in their gathering places and call them to Allaah. And it has been reported on the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) that he said: “Will not someone take me so that I may convey the words of my Lord, for indeed Quraish has prevented me from conveying the Words of my Lord.”

This was the habit of our Prophet, our Imaam and our role model Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). So it is obligatory upon us to be like him when calling (Da’wah) to Allaah.

Posted from  al-ibaanah eBook:
Provisions for the Caller to Allaah   – Imaam Muhammad bin Saalih Al-‘Uthaimeen

Reference: AbdurRahman.Org

The Caller must adorn himself with noble characteristics – Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen

The Fourth Provision: The Caller must adorn himself with noble characteristics

The Caller must adorn himself with noble characteristics, such that the effect of knowledge reflects in his beliefs, his worship, his attitude, and all of his procedures, so that he can properly play the role of a Caller to Allaah. But as for him being in opposition to this, then his da’wah will fail. And if he does succeed, then his success will be minimal.

So it is upon the Caller to abide by that which he is calling to from acts of worship or daily interactions or manners or methodology, so that his da’wah may be accepted and so that he won’t be from those who will be the first to be thrown into the Hellfire.

O brothers: Indeed if we look at our conditions we will find in reality that we may call to something that we don’t implement ourselves. And this no doubt is a big defect, O Allaah, unless we deny ourselves from looking at what is better since for every place there is a saying. This is since a noble thing may be considered noble due to a number of things that make it superior. This is why the Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would call to some characteristics, but at times he would preoccupy himself with things more important than them. At times he would fast to the point that it would be said that he wouldn’t stop fasting. And at times he would eat and drink to the point that it would be said that he would not fast.

O brothers! I would like every Caller to abide by the characteristics that befit the Caller, so that he can be a true Caller and so that his statements can be closer to being accepted.

Posted from  al-ibaanah eBook:
Provisions for the Caller to Allaah   – Imaam Muhammad bin Saalih Al-‘Uthaimeen

Reference: AbdurRahman.Org

The Caller’s heart must be open towards the one who opposes him – Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen

The Sixth Provision : The Caller’s heart must be open towards the one who opposes him

The Caller’s heart must be open towards the one who opposes him, especially if he knows that his opponent has a good intention and that he only opposes him in things that require that the proof be established to him. People must be flexible in these matters and not allow these differences to incite hatred and enmity. This is except for a man that opposes and stubbornly rejects, such that the truth is explained to him but yet he continues to persist upon his falsehood Such an individual must be dealt with according to how he deserves to be treated, such as calling people away from him and warning the people from him. This is since his enmity has manifested itself, such that the truth was made clear to him, yet he did not act on it.

However, there are some subsidiary issues, which the people differ on. In reality, these are from the matters that Allaah allowed His servants to differ in. I mean issues that are not from the fundamental ones, which can cause a person that opposes in them to be considered a disbeliever. Rather, these (subsidiary) issues are from those that Allaah has permitted differing in for His servants, and for which He made the error committed in that regard to be allowable. The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “When the (legal) judge makes a judgement, exerting himself (Ijtihaad), and he attains the truth, then he gets two rewards. And if he errs then he gets one reward.” So the Mujtahid does not leave from the fold of being rewarded at all – either he gets two rewards for being correct or one reward for being wrong.

If you don’t like others opposing you, then likewise, those same other people don’t like for others to oppose them. So just as you want people to accept your view (on an issue), then likewise, those who oppose you want the people to take their views also.

The reference point during these times of dispute is what Allaah has explained in His statement:

“And whatever you differ in, then its final decision is with Allaah. Such is Allaah, my Lord, in whom I put my trust, and to Him I turn in repentance.” [Surah Ash-Shooraa: 10]

And He says:

“O you who believe! Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger, and those in authority amongst you. And if you differ in anything, then return it to Allaah and the Messenger, if you truly believe in Allaah and the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination.” [Surah An-Nisaa: 59]

So everyone that is in disagreement and dispute with one another must return to these sources: The Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger. And it is not lawful for anyone to turn away from the words of Allaah and His Messenger in favor of someone else’s words, regardless of who he may be. So if the truth becomes manifest to you, it is an obligation upon you to throw the view of the one who opposes it against the wall. And you must not turn towards that individual, regardless of what position he holds in knowledge and religion. This is since humans make errors, whereas the words of Allaah and His Messenger are free from errors.

It saddens me to hear that there are some people that look hard into seeking the truth and arriving at it, but in spite of this we find them divided. Each one of them has a particular name and a particular description. And this in reality is a mistake. Allaah’s religion is one and the ummah of Islaam is one.

Allaah says:

“And indeed this ummah (nation) of yours is one ummah. And I am your Lord so be dutiful to Me.” [Surah Al-Mu’minoon: 52]

And Allaah said to His Prophet Muhammad;

“Verily, those who split up their Religion and became sects, you have nothing to do with them in the least. Their affair is only with Allaah. Then He will inform them of what they used to do.” [Surah Al-An’aam: 159]

And Allaah says:

“He has ordained for you the same religion which He ordained for Nooh, and that which We have revealed to you (O Muhammad), and that which We ordained for Ibraaheem, Moosaa and ‘Eesaa saying: You should establish the religion and make no divisions in it. Intolerable to the polytheists is that which you call them to. Allaah chooses for Himself whom He wills, and guides unto Himself those who turn to Him in repentance and obedience.” [Surah Ash-Shooraa: 13]

So if these are Allaah’s instructions to us, then what is obligatory upon us is to accept these instructions, and gather together upon putting forth an issue and discussing it with one another, in order to bring about rectification not in order to criticize or take revenge. For indeed, any person that debates with someone else intending to give victory to his view and to debase his opponent’s view, or intending to critique and not to correct, then for the most part, they will come out with a result that is not pleasing to Allaah and His Messenger. So it is obligatory on us, in matters such as these, to be one ummah (nation).

I am not saying that no one errs – everyone either makes mistakes or is correct. Rather, I am talking about the way to correct this error. The way to correct this error is not by me talking about him behind his back and accusing him. Rather, the way to correct this error is to gather with him and discuss it with him. So if it becomes clear after this that this man will persist on his rejection of the truth, and that he will continue to remain upon the falsehood that he is on, then at this point I have the excuse and the right, rather I am obligated to expose his error, and to warn the people about his error. And this way, the affairs will be rectified. As for splitting up and creating parties, then no one is pleased with this except for someone that is an enemy to Islaam and the Muslims.

I ask Allaah to unite our hearts upon obedience to Him, and that He make us from those who seek judgement from Allaah and His Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). And we ask Allaah to make our intentions sincere and that He clarify to us what is obscure from his Sharee’ah. Verily, He is the Most Magnanimous, Most Generous.

All praise be to Allaah, Lord of the worlds, and may the peace and blessings be on our Prophet Muhammad, his family and all his Companions

Posted from  al-ibaanah eBook:
Provisions for the Caller to Allaah   – Imaam Muhammad bin Saalih Al-‘Uthaimeen

Reference: AbdurRahman.Org

The Caller must invite to Allaah with wisdom – Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen

The Third Provision: Wisdom

The Caller must invite to Allaah with wisdom. And how bitter is wisdom upon the one who doesn’t have it.

Da’wah (the Call) to Allaah must occur with (1) wisdom, then with (2) fair admonition, then with (3) debating in the best of manners against someone that is not oppressive, then with (4) debating in not the best of manners against someone that is oppressive. So there are four levels.

Allaah says:

“Call to the Way of your Lord with wisdom and fair admonition. And debate them in a way that is better. Verily, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His path and He knows best those who are guided.” [Surah An-Nahl: 125]

And Allaah says:

“And do not debate with the People of the Scripture (i.e. the Jews and the Christians) except in a manner that is best – except for those who are oppressive amongst them, and say (to them): ‘We believe in that which has been revealed to us and revealed to you. Our God and your God is One, and to Him we have submitted.’” [Surah Al-‘Ankaboot: 46]

Wisdom means: Treating affairs with accuracy and precision, rather it means placing matters in their due place. It is not from wisdom to rush things and expect people to change from the condition they are in to the condition that the Companions were upon overnight. And whoever expects this then he has a foolish mind, and he is far removed from wisdom. This is because the wisdom of Allaah is not like this.

What proves this is that Allaah sent the Qur’aan down to Muhammad, the Messenger of Allaah, in stages so that it may become firm and settled in the souls.

The prayer was made obligatory during the Mi’raaj, three years before the Hijrah. Some say it was a year and a half, and some hold that it was five. There is differing amongst the scholars about this. But in spite of this it was not made obligatory in the manner that it is performed today. When the prayer was first made obligatory, it used to be two rak’ahs for Dhuhr, ‘Asr, ‘Ishaa and Fajr. And the Maghrib prayer used to be three rak’aat, so that it could be the Witr (odd-number) for the day. But after the Hijrah and after the Prophet had spent thirteen years in Makkah, the prayer of the resident was increased, and so it became four rak’aat for Dhuhr, ‘Asr and ‘Ishaa. And Fajr remained the way it was (i.e. two rak’aat) because the recitation of the Qur’aan is prolonged in it. And Maghrib stayed the same because it was the Witr of the day.

Furthermore, Zakaat was made obligatory in the second year after Hijrah. Or (some say) it was made obligatory in Makkah, but that it was not assigned its final estimate in terms of its dividend and obligation. And the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) did not send out envoys to collect the Zakaat until the ninth year after Hijrah.

Therefore, the development of Zakaat progressed in three stages:

1. In Makkah: “But pay its due (i.e. Zakaat) on the day of its harvest.” [Surah Al-An’aam: 141] However, its obligation was not clarified nor the amount that was mandated to give for that obligation. This matter was left entrusted to the people.
2. In the second year after Hijrah, Zakaat was clarified with its rightful dividends.
3. And in the ninth year after Hijrah, the Prophet started to send envoys to the people of yields and profits to collect Zakaat from them.

So look at the careful consideration that was given to the conditions of the people with regard to Allaah’s legislation. And He is the best of judges.

The same goes for fasting, as there was a stage-by-stage development with regard to its legislation. What was first made obligatory, was that a person had a choice between fasting or feeding a needy person. Then fasting was prescribed specifically, and feeding needy people was only allowed for those who weren’t able to fast for numerous consecutive days.

Therefore I say that wisdom denounces that the world change over in one night. There must be endurance and tolerance. Accept from your brother whom you are calling what he has from truth for today, and proceed with him step by step until he is able to eventually free himself from falsehood. And this is so that you may see that people are not of equal standing. So there is a difference between one is ignorant and one who stubbornly rejects.

Perhaps it is proper that I now mention some examples of the Da’wah of Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam):

The First Example:

A Bedouin man once entered the masjid, while the Prophet was sitting down with his Companions. The Bedouin man then urinated in one area of the masjid, so the people reprimanded him, meaning they scolded him angrily using harsh words. However, the Prophet, who was the one whom Allaah gave wisdom, forbade them from this. So when the man had finished urinating, the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) ordered that a bucket of water be thrown over his urine. So the harm was removed and Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) called the Bedouin to him, saying to him: “Indeed it is not proper to have any harmful object or filth in these masaajid. They are only for prayer and the reciting of the Qur’aan.” Or it is as he (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said. So the Bedouin’s heart opened up to this kind treatment. This is why I have seen some of the scholars quote this Bedouin man as saying: “O Allaah, have mercy on me and Muhammad and do not have mercy on anyone else besides us.” This was because the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) treated him in such an excellent manner. But as for the Companions, they rushed to remove this evil act, without having properly weighed the condition of this man, who was (obviously) ignorant. [2]

The Second Example:

One time Mu’awiyah bin Al-Hakam, may Allaah be pleased with him, came while the Prophet was leading the people in prayer. So one man sneezed and said: “AlHamdulillaah.” (Note:) If one of you sneezes while in prayer then he should say AlHamdulillaah, regardless of whether he is in the standing position or the bowing position or in prostration. This man (in prayer) said “Al-Hamdulillaah, so Mu’awiyah responded: “YarhamukAllaah.” But this is considered speaking and it invalidates the prayer. So the people began to stare and look at him. So Mu’awiyah said: “May my mother be bereaved of me.” This means for the mother to be lost. This is a statement that is said but for which it’s meaning is not intended. Then Mu’awiyah continued to pray. After he finished praying, the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) called him. Mu’awiyah said: “By Allaah, I did not see a teacher better at instructing than him.” May Allaah send His peace and blessings on him. He said: “By Allaah, he was not harsh with me nor did he scold me, he only said: ‘Speaking to people is not correct while in the prayer. It is only for tasbeeh (saying SubhaanAllaah), takbeer (saying Allaahu Akbar) and reciting of the Qur’aan.’” Or it is as he (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said.[3]

The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) even said it to Mu’aadh bin Jabal when he told him: “Shall I not inform you of what controls all of that?” He (i.e. Mu’aadh) said: “Of course O Messenger of Allaah.” He (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Restrain this on yourself.” And he took hold of his tongue, saying: “Restrain this.” So Mu’aadh said: “Will we be held accountable for what we say with it?” He (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “May your mother be bereaved of you O Mu’aadh. What else will cause the people to be dragged on their faces – or he said on their noses – into the Hellfire except for the harvests of their tongues.” Look at the da’wah that is beloved to the souls, which people accept and by which the hearts become open.

We derive from the Fiqh point of benefits of this hadeeth that: Whoever speaks while in prayer, while not knowing that speaking invalidates the prayer, his prayer is still valid.

The Third Example:

A man came to the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and said: “O Messenger of Allaah, I am ruined!” So he (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) asked: “And what caused you to be ruined?” He said: “I had intercourse with my wife during Ramadaan while I was fasting.” So the Messenger of Allaah ordered him to free a slave, but he said: “I cannot find one (i.e. unable).” Then he commanded him to fast two consecutive months, but he said; “I am not able to.” Then he commanded him to feed sixty needy people, but he said: “I am not able to.” At this the man sat down. So the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) brought some dates to him saying: “Take this and give it away in charity.” But the man became desirous of the Prophet’s generosity, which was the greatness of kindness shown towards creation. This was since the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) was indeed the most generous of people.

So the man said: “Am I to give this to someone poorer than myself O Messenger of Allaah? By Allaah there is no family poorer than mine between the two lava plains of Madeenah?” At this, the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) laughed to the point that his molar teeth became visible. This was because this man had come in fear, saying: “I am ruined” but yet he left successful. So the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) then said: “Feed your family with it.” So the man left peaceful, prosperous

and joyful with this religion of Islaam and with this ease from the first Caller to this religion of Islaam, may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him. [4]

The Fourth Example:

Let us now look at how the Prophet dealt with one who had committed a sin. The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) once saw a man that had a gold ring on his finger. So the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) seized the ring from him with his noble hand and threw it on the ground. And he (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Would any of you intentionally tale a coal of fire and place it on his hand?” So the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) did not treat him the way he treated the people in the first examples. Rather, he snatched it from his hand and threw it at the floor. So when the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) left, it was said to the man: “Take your ring and benefit from it (i.e. by selling it).” The man said: “By Allaah, I will never take a ring that the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) threw away.” [5]

Allaahu Akbar! This was the magnificent way the Companions would execute the Commandments of Allaah and His Messenger.

So what is important is that the Caller to Allaah must invite with wisdom, because the one who is ignorant is not like the one who has knowledge. And the one who rejects is not like the one who readily accepts. So for every place there is a saying and for every position there is a condition.

Footnotes:

[2] See Saheeh Muslim (Eng.: Book 2, no. 559)
[3] See Saheeh Muslim (Eng.: Book 4, no. 1094)
[4] See Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree (Eng.: vol. 3, no. 158) and Saheeh Muslim (Eng.: Book 6, no. 2457)
[5] See Saheeh Muslim (Eng.: Book 24, no. 5209)

Posted from  al-ibaanah eBook:
Provisions for the Caller to Allaah   – Imaam Muhammad bin Saalih Al-‘Uthaimeen

Reference: AbdurRahman.Org

Caller to Allaah should have patience, kindness, and gentleness with forbearing temperament – Ibn Baz

Third: Among the qualifications necessary for a Da`y is that he should have patience, kindness, and gentleness with forbearing temperament as the prophets (peace be upon them) were.

Never should a Da`y be rushing, violent, or unduly strict. Rather, he has to be patient, forbearing and kind while practicing Da`wah. To this effect, we have stated some evidence earlier. For example, Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says:

“Invite (mankind, O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islâm) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Revelation and the Qur’ân) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better.” [Surah Al-Nahl, 16: 125]

He (Glorified be He) also says: And by the Mercy of Allâh, you dealt with them gently. In the story of Musa (Moses) and Harun (Aaron), Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says:

“And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear (Allâh).” [Surah Ta­Ha, 20: 44]

The Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have said:

“O Allah, whoever gains control over some affairs of my people and is hard upon them, be hard upon him, and whoever gains control over some affairs of my people and is kind to them, be kind to him.”

[Muslim, Sahih, Book on rulership, no. 1828; and Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 6, p. 93.]

So, it is obligatory for you, slaves of Allah, to be kind in your Da`wah, and not to be harsh with people. Do not make people turn away from Islam because of your harshness, ignorance or violent, harmful approach. It is thus obligatory for you to be forbearing, gentle, pleasant and lenient in speech so that your words may have an effect on the heart of your brother, or that it may have an effect on one toward whom your Da`wah is directed. As such, people will receive your Da`wah better, will be affected by it and will show appreciation. On the contrary, harshness causes disaffection, alienation, and division, not unity.

Posted from- Fatwas of Ibn Baz :  Volume 1 > Da`wah to Allah and the manners of those calling to Him > Fourth: Morals and etiquette of the Da`ys to Allah

http://alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=62&PageNo=1&BookID=14

Read the full article and audio @
https://abdurrahman.org/2014/12/12/the-caller-to-allaah-manners-and-qualities-dr-saleh-as-saleh/

Reference: AbdurRahman.Org

Morals and Etiquettes of the Duaat (callers) to Allah – Shaykh Ibn Baaz | Dr Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

These mp3 are based on the words of Shaykh Ibn Baaz rahimullaah

The Caller to Allaah – Manners and Qualities – part 1 – Saleh-As-Saleh

The Caller to Allaah – Manners and Qualities – part 2 – Saleh-As-Saleh

The Caller to Allaah – Warnings to the Caller – part 3 – Saleh-As-Saleh

Fourth: Morals and etiquette of the Da`ys to Allah

The morals and qualities necessary for a Da`y (caller to Islam) are highlighted by Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) in many occurrences in the Qur’an.

First: Devotedness.

It is obligatory for a Da`y to be so devoted to Allah that he neither intends to show off, nor wants a good reputation or praise from people. Rather, he should only call to Allah to please Him.

Allah (Glorified be He) says:

Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم): “This is my way; I invite unto Allâh (i.e. to the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism).” [Surah Yusuf, 12: 108]

He (Glorified and Exalted be He) also says:

“And who is better in speech than he who [says: “My Lord is Allâh (believes in His Oneness)” [Surah Fussilat, 41: 33]

Therefore, you have to be devoted to Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He). It is the most important virtue and the greatest quality that has to characterize your way of Da`wah (call to Islam), i.e. seeking Allah and the Hereafter.

Second: Knowledge.

Invite people to Allah with firm knowledge. You should not be unaware of or ignorant about what you call people to.

Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم): “This is my way; I invite unto Allâh (i.e. to the Oneness of Allâh – Islâmic Monotheism) with sure knowledge.” [Surah Yusuf, 12: 108]

Knowledge is a necessary obligation. You should not call people while you are ignorant nor talk about a topic you are unaware of. An ignorant person destroys and never constructs, spoils and never reforms. You, servants of Allah, have to fear Allah and never say anything about Him without knowledge. Likewise, you should never preach something unless you have sure knowledge and insight into what Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him) said about it. Sure knowledge is indispensible and essential for a seeker of knowledge or a Da`y to be fully conversant with and have a deep knowledge of all the aspects of what he calls people to. He must also be sure of the proofs that substantiate his topic. Once he is sure of the truth of his points, he should then call people to them, regardless of whether it is a call to do something or to abandon something, i.e. an act of obedience to Allah and His Messenger or an act forbidden by Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him).

The call should be based on sure knowledge and insight.

Third: Among the qualifications necessary for a Da`y is that he should have patience, kindness, and gentleness with forbearing temperament as the prophets (peace be upon them) were.

Never should a Da`y be rushing, violent, or unduly strict. Rather, he has to be patient, forbearing and kind while practicing Da`wah. To this effect, we have stated some evidence earlier. For example, Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says:

“Invite (mankind, O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islâm) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Revelation and the Qur’ân) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better.” [Surah Al-Nahl, 16: 125]

He (Glorified be He) also says: And by the Mercy of Allâh, you dealt with them gently. In the story of Musa (Moses) and Harun (Aaron), Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says:

“And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear (Allâh).” [Surah Ta­Ha, 20: 44]

The Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have said:

“O Allah, whoever gains control over some affairs of my people and is hard upon them, be hard upon him, and whoever gains control over some affairs of my people and is kind to them, be kind to him.”

[Muslim, Sahih, Book on rulership, no. 1828; and Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 6, p. 93.]

So, it is obligatory for you, slaves of Allah, to be kind in your Da`wah, and not to be harsh with people. Do not make people turn away from Islam because of your harshness, ignorance or violent, harmful approach. It is thus obligatory for you to be forbearing, gentle, pleasant and lenient in speech so that your words may have an effect on the heart of your brother, or that it may have an effect on one toward whom your Da`wah is directed. As such, people will receive your Da`wah better, will be affected by it and will show appreciation. On the contrary, harshness causes disaffection, alienation, and division, not unity.

Among the necessary etiquettes and attributes a Da`y should or even must have is to act upon what he is calling people to.

He should be a good example for those whom he invites to Allah – that is, he should not call people to something which he himself does not do, or call people to abandon something that he himself does. This is the behavior of the losers – we seek Allah’s Refuge from this. But the winning believers call to the truth, act upon it, practicing it actively and vividly and never do what they forbid people to do. Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says:

“O you who believe! Why do you say that which you do not do? Most hateful it is with Allâh that you say that which you do not do.”[Surah Al-Saff, 61: 2]

He (Exalted be He) also saysrebuking the Jews for enjoining righteousness while forgetting to practice it themselves:

“Enjoin you Al-Birr (piety and righteousness and each and every act of obedience to Allâh) on the people and you forget (to practise it) yourselves, while you recite the Scripture [the Taurât (Torah)]! Have you then no sense?” [Surah Al-Baqarah, 2: 44]

The Prophet (peace be upon him) is authentically reported to have said:

On the Day of Resurrection, a man will be brought and thrown in Hellfire. His intestines will then pour forth and he will revolve around them like a donkey revolves around a millstone. The people of Hell would gather around him and say, ‘O so and so, what happened to you? Did you not use to command us to adhere to righteousness and forbid us to do wrong?’ He will say, ‘Yes. But I used to enjoin righteousness but I did not practice it myself and I used to forbid wrong but I committed it.’

[Al-Bukhari, Sahih, Book on the beginning of creation, no. 3267; Muslim, Sahih, Book on asceticism and heart-softening narrations, no. 2989; and Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 5, p. 207.’)]

This will be the case with whoever calls to Allah, enjoins good and prohibits evil while his words are contrary to his actions – we seek Allah’s Refuge from this.

So, from among the most important and greatest attributes a Da`y has to be characterized by is to act upon that which he calls people to and not to do things that he prohibits.

A Da`y should have excellent behavior, good reputation, patience, persistence, sincerity and diligence in guiding people to goodness and keeping them away from falsehood. He should supplicate to Allah to guide the people whom he invites. He should supplicate for the people he invites to Allah, such as by saying, “May Allah guide you and open up your heart to accept the truth.” Thus, you should call and guide him, forbear his misbehavior and even supplicate to Allah to guide him.

On hearing people saying about the tribe of Daws that they disobeyed, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

“O Allah, guide Daws and bring them (to Islam).”

[Al-Bukhari, Sahih, Jihad and military expeditions, no. 2937; Muslim, Sahih, Book on merits of the Companions, no. 2524; and Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 2, p. 243.’)]

So, you should supplicate to Allah for those you call to truth so that Allah may guide them and open up their hearts to the truth. You should show patience and persistence and do not lose hope. Moreover, you should say only that which is good and never rebuke or say bad words that might cause people to turn away from truth. However, if someone commits aggression and injustice, they will be given different treatment. Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says:

“And argue not with the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), unless it be in (a way) that is better (with good words and in good manner, inviting them to Islâmic Monotheism with His Verses), except with such of them as do wrong” [Surah Al-`Ankabut, 29: 46]

So, the one who commits injustice through opposing the Da`wah with evil and enmity is to be dealt with in a different manner. If possible, such a person should be imprisoned or receive similar disciplinary punishment, which depends on the kind of injustice he commits. But as long as he causes no harm, you should be patient,seeking Allah’s Reward, and to argue with him in ways that are best. Anyway, if such a person causes you any personal harm, it is to be endured with patience as did Allah’s messengers and those who followed them in piety and righteousness.

I ask Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) to grant us all the power to practice Da`wah in the best manner. May He reform our hearts and actions and grant us understanding of and holding fast to Islam. May Allah also make us among those who are guided, who guide others, are righteous and teach others righteousness. Surely He (Glorified and Exalted be He) is the most Supreme, the Most Noble. May Allah’s Peace and Blessings be upon His Slave, Messenger and Prophet Muhammad, his family, Companions and all those who follow him in goodness until the Day of Judgment.

Fatwas of Ibn Baz :  Volume 1 > Da`wah to Allah and the manners of those calling to Him > Fourth: Morals and etiquette of the Da`ys to Allah

http://alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=62&PageNo=1&BookID=14

Reference: AbdurRahman.Org

Provisions for the Caller to Allaah – Shaykh Uthaymeen

AUTHOR: Imaam Muhammad bin Saalih Al-‘Uthaimeen [Died 1421H]
TRANSLATED: Al-Ibaanah.Com
PRODUCED BY: Al-Ibaanah.com

About the Book:

This is a translation of a small booklet titled Zaad ad-Daa’iyah IlaaAllaah (Provisions for the Caller to Allaah) by Imam Muhammad bin Saalih Al-Uthaimeen, may Allaah have mercy on him. The original source for this booklet was a lecture he gave that was later transcribed and printed. This booklet can be downloaded for free on-line at the Imaam’s website http://www.binothaimeen.com.

In this book, Imaam Ibn Uthaimeen expounds on six characteristics that everyone who takes on the task of da’wah must have. These characteristics are provisions that every Caller must equip and prepare himself with before embarking on dawah. Therefore we stress that this treatise be taken as a required reading for all those who are involved in da’wah activities, especially in the English speaking lands of the West.

We ask Allaah to make this e-book a beneficial source of knowledge and a reminder to our brothers and sisters who are active in calling to Allaah.

[Download the E-Book Here]

Articles extracted from this e-Book:

The Advice of Shaikh Saleh al Fowzan to the Sinful Caller – Mustafa George

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Our beloved Shaikh Saleh al Fowzan (حفظ الله تعالى) was asked the following questions at the end of his weekly lessons (over a year ago):

Question: There are some callers to Islam who have knowledge but these individuals fall in to sin and evil deeds. Should we warn against them or should we advise them privately?

Answer: You should advise them in private. It’s possible that you are not accurate in your accusations against them, and thus, it is upon you to investigate to find out if they have really made a mistake, and then advise them.

Source: Q & A session at the end of Fathul Majeed lesson 21/5/1434h. corresponding to April 2, 2013

Link: http://alfawzan.af.org.sa/node/14459

Question: If I have fallen into a sin and then I seek forgiveness from Allah, should this sin prevent me from calling to Allah, or should I seek His forgiveness and continue to call to Allah?

Answer: If the only person who called to Allah were a person free from all sins, no one would be qualified to call to Allah! There is no one who is free from sins, but if the Muslim commits a sin, he should seek forgiveness, and the sin should not prevent him from calling to Allah and enjoining the good and forbidding evil. The caller should not say: I have sins and incorrect deeds, I am not fit (for calling to Allah), rather, he should leave off and avoid the sins. No one has forced him to commit them. He should abandon sinning and repent to Allah, (and at the same time) he should not abandon performing righteous deeds, calling to Allah, enjoining the good and forbidding the evil.

Source: Q & A session at the end of Igathatul Lahfaan lesson 28/4/1434h. corresponding to March 19, 2013

Link: http://alfawzan.af.org.sa/node/14407 

Translator’s Notes:

  1. Notice how the Shaikh is very keen on advising the individual in private.
  2. Notice how the Shaikh has encouraged the caller to strive to abandon sin and evil deeds.
  3. He likewise is encouraging the sinning individual to repent to Allah.
  4. The Shaikh is focusing on the greater benefit, which is calling to Allah.
  5. The Shaikh is also informing the public that no caller will be free from fault, but what is upon the people is to advise him. This informs of 2 issues: the first is the actions which are befitting for the caller (repentance and abandonment of sin, while continuing to call to Allah), the 2nd the actions which are befitting for the people (advice, and doing so in private).

Allah knows best.

May Allah reward our beloved Shaikh for his sincere advice and humble encouragements.

Mustafa George DeBerry
Riyadh, K.S.A


Video Courtesy: Bilal Nahim