The first question of Fatwa no. 10666
Q 1: What is meant by Al-Fajr-ul-Kadhib (false dawn) and Al-Fajr-ul-Sadiq (true dawn)? According to which one of them do we offer Salah (Prayer)? How can we calculate the time of Al-Fajr-ul-Sadiq?
A: Al-Fajr-ul-Kadhib appears as a rectangle in the sky from the top to the bottom of the horizon, while Al-Fajr-ul-Sadiq appears in the sky spreading along the horizon. The time for offering the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer starts with the appearance of Al-Fajr-ul-Sadiq.
May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Member – Deputy Chairman – Chairman
Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan – Abdul-Razzaq Afify – Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz
Allaah, Ta’aala, says:
أُحِلَّ لَكُمْ لَيْلَةَ الصِّيَامِ الرَّفَثُ إِلَى نِسَائِكُمْ هُنَّ لِبَاس ٌ لَكُمْ وَأَنْتُمْ لِبَاس ٌ لَهُنَّ عَلِمَاللَّهُ أَنَّكُمْ كُنتُمْ تَخْتَانُونَ أَنفُسَكُمْ فَتَابَ عَلَيْكُمْ وَعَفَا عَنْكُمْ فَالآنَ بَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَابْتَغُوا مَا كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَكُلُوا وَاشْرَبُوا حَتَّى يَتَبَيَّنَ لَكُمُ الْخَيْطُ الأَبْيَضُ مِنَ الْخَيْطِ الأَسْوَدِ مِنَ الْفَجْرِ ثُمَّ أَتِمُّوا الصِّيَامَ إِلَى اللَّيْلِ وَلاَ تُبَاشِرُوهُنَّ وَأَنْتُمْ عَاكِفُونَ فِيالْمَسَاجِدِ تِلْكَ حُدُودُ اللَّهِ فَلاَ تَقْرَبُوهَا كَذَلِكَ يُبَيِّنُ اللَّهُ آيَاتِه ِ لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَّقُونَ
It is made lawful for you to have sexual relations with your wives on the night of As-Saum (the fasts). They are body covering for you and you are the same for them. Allaah knows that you used to deceive yourselves, so He turned to you (accepted your repentance) and forgave you. So now have sexual relations with them and seek that which Allaah has ordained for you (offspring), and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night), then complete your Saum (fast) till the nightfall. And do not have sexual relations with them (your wives) while you are in I’tikaaf in the mosques. These are the limits (set) by Allaah, so approach them not. Thus does Allaah make clear His Ayaat to mankind that they may become Al-Muttaqun.
(Al-Baqarah, ayah 187)