Breaking the Fast during the Journey is from the Concessions of the Shariah – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Sharhu Sunnah : Lesson 29 : Point 36
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

“And as for Fasting whilst upon a journey, then whoever wishes may Fast and whoever wishes may withhold from Fasting.”

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Transcribed Audio:

From the rukhas (concessions/allowances) that Allaah has made for his servants is to withhold from Fasting in Ramadaan when upon a journey. So it is a rukhsah (concession). So whoever wishes, he can aftara (withhold) from Fasting and whoever wishes he can Fast. And if he Fasts whilst upon a journey then his Fasting will be correct because a Companion asked the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam saying that he had strength and he was able to Fast upon a journey so he asked the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam gave him permission to Fast upon the journey. [02]

So it is a concession, so an allowance has been made, it is not obligatory to do it, rather it is better to do it just like the rest of the concessions. And if the person returns to the original situation (the asl ) and Fasts then there is no harm upon that. And Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, says:

So whoever amongst you witnesses the beginning of the month (month of Ramadaan), whilst he is resident then let him Fast it and whomever is sick or upon a journey, let him Fast other days. (Sooratul-Baqarah (2), aayah 185)

And He sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam used to break his Fast upon his journeys. [03]


[02] Reported by Muslim (no. 1121) from Hamzah ibn `Amr al-Aslamiyy radiyAllaahu `anh that he said, “Oh Messenger of Allah, I find that I have strength to Fast upon the journey so would there be any sin upon me?”

So Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

“It is a concession from Allaah so whoever takes it up then this is fine and whoever wishes to Fast then there is no sin upon him.”

[03] Reported by al-Bukhaariyy, correct reference is (no. 1944) and Muslim (no. 1113) from Ibn `Abbaas radiyAllaahu `anhumaa that Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam went out to go to Makkah in Ramadaan. So he Fasted until he reached Al-Kadeed then he broke his Fast; and the people stopped Fasting.

Translator’s side point: This was in the eighth year; it was the journey for the Conquest of Makkah. AlKadeed is a place around two riding stages from Makkah, a place around fifty-five miles from Makkah.

Transcribed by Saima Zaher. Download PDF of Lesson 29

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

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