Sharhu Sunnah : Lesson 29 : Point 37
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]
Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:
And there is no harm in praying whilst wearing saraaweel (broad and loose trousers).
This word as-saraweel is in the singular. So saraaweel (loose trousers), this word assaraaweel is the singular and it is something well known; it is what is worn upon the `awrah, over the private parts, that which needs to be covered from navel to knee so it is sewn to fit the lower half of the body and it has legs. The prayer is correct in saraweel (loose trousers), this is with regard to the man because the `awrah of the man is between the navel to the knee, and trousers (saraaweel), they cover that. So if a person prays in saraaweel (loose trousers), which properly cover what’s between his navel and his knee, then his prayer will be correct. As for the woman then all of her is `awrah in the prayer except for her face if she has no men who are non mahram. So if he prays in an izaar (waist wrapper) then that would be better than trousers (saraweel) or if he prays in a qamees (a shirt) reaching down to the shins then that would be even better because it will be more beautiful for the appearance.
He the Most High said:
O Children of Aadam, take your adornment at every Prayer.
(Sooratul-A`raaf (7), aayah 31)
Masjid, meaning at every Prayer.
Az-zeenah, adornment, is as Shaykhul-Islaam ibn Taymiyyah said:
“Adornment is more general just being a cover for the private parts.” 
 Translator’s side point: They mentioned as occurs in Lisaanul-`Arab, this word is a word originally from Persian introduced into Arabic. And the singular term is saraaweel and the plural is saraaweelaat, meaning trousers.
 Translator’s side point: In this speech from Imaam al-Barbahaariyy rahimahullaah, there is some refutation of some of the categories of the Shee`ah, those who hold it is forbidden to pray in saraaweel (trousers) because they are affected from wind that comes out of the trousers. So they make it obligatory to remove the trousers when performing the Prayer.
Translator’s side point: Shaykh Ahmad an-Najmiyy rahimahullaah said in his explanation:
“I say, as for saraaweel (loose trousers), which it is permissible to pray in then they are the saraaweel (looser trousers) which cover the `awrah, those which are broad and loose upon the body such that the person is able to carry out the prayer in the most complete manner. As for if they are tight and they show off the shape of the buttocks then prayer in them would be makroo`ah (disliked) and the prayer may even be null and void if the one wearing them is not able to carry out the pillars, if he is not able to sit properly for the tashahhud and between the sajdahs. And Allaah is the one who grants success.”
Likewise Shaykh Saalih as-Suhaymiyy hafizahullaah said in his explanation of this point:
“Likewise, prayer in saraaweel (loose trousers) covers two things:
Firstly, it covers the permissibility of sufficing of wearing loose trousers if they cover and they are loose and wide. And it also contains a refutation of some of the sects of the Ismaa`eeliyys and those who follow their way because when they want to pray, it is essential upon them, they hold, to take off their trousers.”
Shaykh `Abdul `Azeez bin Baaz was asked about al-bantaloon (tighter trousers);
“Is it permissible to pray in these trousers?”
Shaykh `Abdul `Azeez Bin Baaz rahimahullaah responded,
“If the trousers saraaweel cover what’s between the navel and the knee of the man and they are waasi` (broad), they are not dayyiq (tight) then in that case the Prayer will be correct in them and what is better is that there should be a long shirt over them which covers between the navel and knee. And if it goes down to halfway down the shins or down to the ankles, that is better because that will cover better. And Prayer in an izaar (a waist wrapper) is even better than prayer in loose trousers which do not have a long shirt over them because the izaar is more complete in covering than just loose trousers.”
An answer from Shaykh Muhammad Naasiruddin al-Albaaniyy rahimahullaah that you find on some of his taped answers to the questions, he said,
“Wearing these tight trousers, bantaloon it has two problems (museebataan):
The 1st problem is:
The person wearing them will be resembling the disbelievers whereas the Muslims used to wear saraaweel (looser trousers) that were very broad and loose, which some people still wear in Syria and Lebanon. And the Muslims had not used to know about these bantaloon, these tight trousers, except when they were colonised; and then when the colonialists departed they left their evil affects behind and the Muslims took them up based upon their stupidity and their ignorance.
And, The 2nd problem is:
These tight trousers describe the shape of the `awrah.”
Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah
Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah
Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhu Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]