Praying in Trousers or Pants – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Sharhu Sunnah : Lesson 29 : Point 37
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

And there is no harm in praying whilst wearing saraaweel (broad and loose trousers).

[Souncloud Audio Link

Transcribed Audio:

This word as-saraweel is in the singular.[04] So saraaweel (loose trousers), this word assaraaweel is the singular and it is something well known; it is what is worn upon the `awrah, over the private parts, that which needs to be covered from navel to knee so it is sewn to fit the lower half of the body and it has legs. The prayer is correct in saraweel (loose trousers), this is with regard to the man because the `awrah of the man is between the navel to the knee, and trousers (saraaweel), they cover that. So if a person prays in saraaweel (loose trousers), which properly cover what’s between his navel and his knee, then his prayer will be correct. As for the woman then all of her is `awrah in the prayer except for her face if she has no men who are non mahram. So if he prays in an izaar (waist wrapper) then that would be better than trousers (saraweel) or if he prays in a qamees (a shirt) reaching down to the shins then that would be even better because it will be more beautiful for the appearance.

He the Most High said:

O Children of Aadam, take your adornment at every Prayer.
(Sooratul-A`raaf (7), aayah 31)

Masjid, meaning at every Prayer.

Az-zeenah, adornment, is as Shaykhul-Islaam ibn Taymiyyah said:

“Adornment is more general just being a cover for the private parts.” [05]

Footnotes:

[04] Translator’s side point: They mentioned as occurs in Lisaanul-`Arab, this word is a word originally from Persian introduced into Arabic. And the singular term is saraaweel and the plural is saraaweelaat, meaning trousers.

[05] Translator’s side point: In this speech from Imaam al-Barbahaariyy rahimahullaah, there is some refutation of some of the categories of the Shee`ah, those who hold it is forbidden to pray in saraaweel (trousers) because they are affected from wind that comes out of the trousers. So they make it obligatory to remove the trousers when performing the Prayer.

Translator’s side point: Shaykh Ahmad an-Najmiyy rahimahullaah said in his explanation:

“I say, as for saraaweel (loose trousers), which it is permissible to pray in then they are the saraaweel (looser trousers) which cover the `awrah, those which are broad and loose upon the body such that the person is able to carry out the prayer in the most complete manner. As for if they are tight and they show off the shape of the buttocks then prayer in them would be makroo`ah (disliked) and the prayer may even be null and void if the one wearing them is not able to carry out the pillars, if he is not able to sit properly for the tashahhud and between the sajdahs. And Allaah is the one who grants success.”

Likewise Shaykh Saalih as-Suhaymiyy hafizahullaah said in his explanation of this point:

“Likewise, prayer in saraaweel (loose trousers) covers two things:

Firstly, it covers the permissibility of sufficing of wearing loose trousers if they cover and they are loose and wide. And it also contains a refutation of some of the sects of the Ismaa`eeliyys and those who follow their way because when they want to pray, it is essential upon them, they hold, to take off their trousers.”

Shaykh `Abdul `Azeez bin Baaz was asked about al-bantaloon (tighter trousers);

“Is it permissible to pray in these trousers?”

Shaykh `Abdul `Azeez Bin Baaz rahimahullaah responded,

“If the trousers saraaweel cover what’s between the navel and the knee of the man and they are waasi` (broad), they are not dayyiq (tight) then in that case the Prayer will be correct in them and what is better is that there should be a long shirt over them which covers between the navel and knee. And if it goes down to halfway down the shins or down to the ankles, that is better because that will cover better. And Prayer in an izaar (a waist wrapper) is even better than prayer in loose trousers which do not have a long shirt over them because the izaar is more complete in covering than just loose trousers.”

An answer from Shaykh Muhammad Naasiruddin al-Albaaniyy rahimahullaah that you find on some of his taped answers to the questions, he said,

“Wearing these tight trousers, bantaloon it has two problems (museebataan):

The 1st problem is:

The person wearing them will be resembling the disbelievers whereas the Muslims used to wear saraaweel (looser trousers) that were very broad and loose, which some people still wear in Syria and Lebanon. And the Muslims had not used to know about these bantaloon, these tight trousers, except when they were colonised; and then when the colonialists departed they left their evil affects behind and the Muslims took them up based upon their stupidity and their ignorance.

And, The 2nd problem is:
These tight trousers describe the shape of the `awrah.”

Transcribed by Saima Zaher. Download PDF of Lesson 29

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

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Children below 6 having their pants below the ankles: The ruling? – Shaykh Fawzan

Scholar: ´Allâmah Sâlih bin Fawzân al-Fawzân
Source: http://sahab.net/forums/showthread.ph…
Reference: Darulhadith.com
Translation & video: aFatwa.com

Question: Is a boy who has not reached the age of six allowed to wear the pants below the ankles?

Shaykh al-Fawzân: No, it is not allowed with Isbâl. A child should be raised in accordance with the Sunnah. One should not let it practice Isbâl.

Check Others @ http://salaf-us-saalih.com/category/islam/isbaal/

Shubuha (Doubt) : Isbaal is permitted as long as it is not done out of conceit

[Isbaal is to wear garments that extend below the ankles]

First Shubuha (Doubt): Isbaal is permitted as long as it is not done out of Makheelah. Some refer to the following hadeeth as an evidence:

[Abdullah bin Umar رضي الله عنهم ا reported that: “I came to visit the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم and I was wearing an Izaar Yataqa’qa’ (clanking because of its trailing below the ankles) . He صلى الله عليه و سلم said: “Who is this?” I said: “Abdullah bin Umar”. He said: “If you are an Abd (i.e. a true slave) of Allaah, then pull up your Izaar”. I did. He then said: “more!”. (Ibn Umar) said: “I pulled it up until it reached the middle of shank; this was the (length) of his Izaar until he (صلى الله عليه و سلم) died”. He then looked towards Abee Bakr and said: “If anyone trails his garment arrogantly, Allaah will not look at him on the Day of Judgment”. Then Abu Bakr said: “My Izaar sometimes hangs low (in another narration he said: “one of the sides of my lower garment hangs low if I do not take care of it”)[99]. The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلمsaid: “But you are not one of them (in another narration he said: You are not one of those who do so conceitedly)[100].] [101]

Discussion: The hadeeth supports the Tahreem of Isbaal rather than the opinion which permits the Isbaal as long as it is not done out of conceit. In fact the hadeeth clearly makes it obligatory on the Muslim not to let his Izaar hang lower than his ankles, and that he must tuck it up even though his intention was like that of Abu Bakr in the hadeeth i.e. not done out of conceit. In fact Abu Bakr said: “One side of my Izaar hangs low if I do not take care of it”. In our times, however, people let their Izaars hang low, unlike Abu Bakr, and then they claim: “Well we do not do it out of arrogance!”. Don’t they realize the commands of Allaah’s Messenger to tuck up the Izaar and that his Izaar was extending to the middle of his shanks? Don’t they know that He صلى الله عليه و سلم never thinks about Makheelah? Isn’t he our example?

It is also clear that Abu Bakr did not say that: “I made my Izaar trailing”. In fact he said in one narration: “Sometimes my Izaar hangs low”. So, its his Izaar that goes down when as he said: “I do not take care of it”. Its clear that when he takes care of it it stays above his ankles, but when it gets loose it hangs low. Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajer reported that Ibn Sa’dd reported a narration from the way of Talha bin Abdullaah bin Abdur-Rahmaan bin Abee Bakr, that ‘Aaaishah رضي الله عنها وعنهم said: “Abu Bakr was Ahnaa (had an inclination in his back), his Izaar could not hold on him, it used to get loose around his loins”. Al-Hafidh also reported a narration from the way of Qayess Ibn Abee Haazim who said: “I visited Abee Bakr and he was a thin person.” [102]

Those who design garments, pants, etc. whose lower ends abide by the Sunnah, but when they wear them they get loose and sometimes trail below the ankles, resemble the case of Abu Bakr.

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم considered that Abu Bakr was not “one of those who hang their garments out of conceit”, because Abu Bakr did not intend to lower his Izaar below the ankles, and it only trailed when he did not take care of it. Those who intend to trail out of conceit are threatened with a grave punishment:

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said:

Allaah will not look (on the Day of Resurrection)[103] at person who drags his Izaar (behind him) out of conceit.” [104]

In another narration the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم said:

Allaah will not look at a person , on the Day of Judgemt, who drags his Izaar out of pride and arrogance.” [105]

In addition, on the Day of Judgment, Allaah will not talk to or sanctify the Musbil. This is confirmed in the authentic hadeeth in which Abu Dharr reported the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم as saying:

“There are three (kinds) of persons to whom Allaah will neither speak on the Day of Judgment, nor will He look at them nor purify them, and they will have a painful Punishment. He (Abu Darr) said: “Allaah’s Messenger repeated it three times. Abu Dharr remarked: “They failed and they lost; who are these persons, O Messenger of Allaah? He صلى الله عليه و سلم replied: “The one who wears a trailing robe (the Musbil), the one who takes account of what he gives, and the seller of goods by false oaths.” [106]

Certainly Abu Bakr received a testimony from the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم that he did not lower his Izaar out of arrogance. Those who intentionally make Isbaal, when did they receive a purifying testimony?

In another incident, Abdullah Ibn Umar passed by the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم and his Izaar was hanging low. He said describing this incident:

“I happened to pass before Allaah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم with my garment hanging low. He said: Abdullah, tug up your lower garment. I tugged it up, and he again said: “Tug it still further”. I tugged it still further and I went on tugging it afterward, whereupon some of the people said: “To what extent?” Thereupon he said: “To the middle of the shanks.” [107]

The Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم did not keep silent when he saw Abdullah bin Umar hanging low his Izaar. This shows that the prophibition of Isbaal for men is not restricted only to the case if it is done out of Makheelah. Abdullah bin Umar is one of the great Sahabah. Imagine what would the position of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم be if he sees the clothes on many Du’aat (those who invite others to this Deen), or even “scholars” each trailing his Jubbah,[108] garment, or pants? We know that Ibn Umar hastened to comply with the Prophet’s command. Now it takes hours, talks, lectures to convey the Prophet’s command and still you find people arguing that: “Well! As long as Isbaal is not done out of conceit then its OK!” Indeed it makes the clement person preplexed! To Allaah alone, is the complaint!

References:

[99] From Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 7, hadeeth # 675.

[100] Ibid. Also reported by Abee Dawood.

[101]The hadeeth was reported by Imaam Ahmad, Abdul Razzaaq, At-Tabaraanee and others. Al-Albaanee said: The hadeeth’s Isnaad is according to the conditions laid down by Ash-Shayekhan (i.e. the two Shayeks: Al- Bukhaaree and Muslim), As-Silsilah As-Saheehah, V. 4, P. 95. The part of the hadeeth starting with the saying of the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم: If anyone trails his Izaar” and ending with “you are not of those who do so conceitedly” is reported by Al-Bukhaaree, Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree V. 7, hadeeth # 675.

[102] Fathul Baaree V. 10, P. 255.

[103] See Appendix.

[104] Al-Bukhaaree, Muslim, and Ahmad. See Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 7, hadeeth # 675., and Saheeh Muslim, V. 3, Ahadeeth # 5191-5195.

[105] Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 7, hadeeth # 679 and Saheeh Muslim, hadeeth # 5201.

[106] Collected by Muslim (Saheeh Muslim, V.1, hadeeth # 192 and 193), Saheeh Abee Daawood, hadeeth # 3444, Saheeh At-Tirmithee # 967, Saheeh Ibn Majah, # 2208, An-Nassaa’ee, Book of Zakat, V.5, P. 81, Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad, V. 5, P. 148 and P. 162, and others. Al-Albaanee also reported it in Saheeh Al-Jaami’, V.3, hadeeth # 3062.

[107] Reported by Muslim, Saheeh Muslim V. 3, hadeeth # 5200.

[108] Jubbah, a cloak.

Author: Sheikh (Dr) Muhamad Bin Ahmad Bin Ismaa’eel
Translated by Dr. Saleh As-Saleh (rahimahullaah)
Daar Al-Bukhari Publishing & Distribution

The Three Letters – The Beard, Isbaal , Smoking – Dr Saleh as Saleh [PDF]
Source: Understand-islam.net

Isbaal (Men wearing garments that extend below the ankles) – Dr. Saleh as Saleh

Author: Sheikh (Dr) Muhamad Bin Ahmad Bin Ismaa’eel

Translated by Dr. Saleh As-Saleh (rahimahullaah) د/صالح الصالح
Daar Al-Bukhari Publishing & Distribution

Read the Pages 33 – 54 in the below PDF Document
The Three Letters – The Beard, Isbaal , Smoking – Dr Saleh as Saleh [PDF]

Source: Understand-islam.net

الإسبال Isbaal

What is Isbaal?
Isbaal is to wear garments that extend below the ankles.

Is it Forbidden?
Yes, because the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

“The part of an Izaar (garment) which hangs below the ankles is in the Fire.” [73]

Some hold the opinion that Isbaal is forbidden when it is done out of pride, conceit or arrogance. Is this argument true?

The answer is: No, because:

First: The threat to punish in Hell those who drag their garments bellow the ankles is clear [74].

Second: Several texts indicate that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) was commanding the people to pull up their garments. The majority of the Muslim Scholars (Al-Jumhoor) agree that when the text is in the imperative from, intended for Tahreem (forbidding something), unless there is another authentic evidence that indicates otherwise.

[73] Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V.7, hadeeth # 678.

[74]The punishable part is that which violates the command of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) i.e below the ankles. Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajer is with the opinion that the obvious literal meaning of the hadeeth holds true i.e. the clothes together with the part below the ankles will be in Hell as it is the case in the saying of Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى):

“Certainly! You (disbelievers) and that which you are worhipping now besides Allaah, are (but) fuel for Hell!” (Qur’aan 21:98).

See Fathul Baaree V. 10, hadeeth # 5789 (same as # 678 above), PP. 268-269, Published by Daar Ar-Rayyaan, Cairo, Egypt.

In one incident, the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) sighted someone dragging his lower garment. He rushed to him and said:

“Pull up your Izaar and fear Allaah”. The man said: “I am a an Ahnaf [75] person with trembling knees”. He (the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم)) said: “Tuck up your Izaar! Certainly, all of Allaah’s creation of Allaah is good”. Since then the man was not seen except with his Izaar touching the middle of his shanks or up to the middle of his shanks [76].

It is clear that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) did not question the man whether he was doing it out of pride or arrogance. In fact its clear that from the condition of the man that he did not even think about arrogance! Nevertheless the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) did not accept it his Isbaal and considered that Isbaal is incompatible with At-Taqwa (the fear of Allaah).

Third: The generalized prohibition of Isbaal is clear in the saying of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم). On one occasion he said to Sufyaan bin Sahl:

“O Sufyaan bin Sahl! Do not lower your garment below your ankles because Allaah does not love the Musbileen (those who lower their lower garments below their ankles).” [77]

Jaabir bin Saleem said that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) told him:

“…And beware of the Isbaal of the Izaar because it is from Al-Makheelah (conceit, arrogance, etc.) and Allaah does not love it.” [78]

One can notice the text (underlined) in the imperative from indicating the forbidding of Isbaal whether it is done out of Makheelah or not. Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajer in his commentary about some of the Ahaadeeth mentioned above said:

“The Isbaal mentioned in these Ahadeeth is a grave sin if it is done out of Makheelah, otherwise the apparent meaning of the Ahadeeth indicates that it is forbidden.” [79]

Fourth: The manifestation of the ِAayah:

And whatsoever the messenger gives you take it, and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain from it.” (Qur’aan 59:7)

It is known that the Ath-Thawb [80] of the most honorable of mankind, Muhammad (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) was up to the middle of his shanks.” [81]

This is confirmed in another hadeeth in which Uthmaan (رضي الله عنه) reported that the “The lower garment of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) extended to the middle of his shanks.” [82] Who else is more humble than him (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم)? He knew that Isbaal necessitates Al-Makheelah even if the Musbil does not intend it. This is supported by the hadeeth of Jaabir bin Saleem in which the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) made it clear that Isbaal is a manifestation of arrogance:

[75] Ahnaf, a person afflicted with a distortion of the foot with each foot moving towards the other one along the big toe.
[76] Reported by Ahmad and others, and it satisfies the conditions set by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim. See As-Silsilah As-Saheehah, hadeeth # 1441.
[77] Saheeh Sunnan Ibn Majah by Shayekh Nassir-ud- Deen Al-Albaanee # 2876.
[78] Silsilat Al-Ahaadeeth as-Saheehah, the Series on the Collection of Authentic Ahaadeeth, by Shayekh Al-Albaanee, hadeeth # 770.
[79] Fathul Baaree, V. 10, P. 263.
[80] Ath-Thawb: garment.
[81] Reported by Ahmad, At-Tirmithee in Ash-Shamaa’il Al-Muhammadiyyah and by others. The hadeeth is authentic as reported by Waleed An-Nassr in his book Al-Isbaal Liqhayr Al-Khuyalaa’, P. 15.
[82] Reported by At-Tirmithee in Ash-Shamaa’il Al-Muhammadiyyah and Al-Albaanee authenticated it # 98.

He (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) commanded Jaabir bin Saleem saying:

“And Tuck up your Izaar up to the middle of your shanks, and if you dislike it, then up to the ankles (i.e. up to a point above the ankles) and beware of Isbaal because it is arrogance.” [83]

Shouldn’t we, therefore, abide by the command of Allaah in the above ِAayah?

Fifth: Isbaal by men is an immitation of women.

The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) forbade that men dress like women and vice versa. He said:

“Allaah cursed the man dressed like a women and the women dressed like a man.” [84]

In fact Ibn Umar رضي االله عنهما said that: “the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

“The one who trails his Thobe out of conceit, Allaah will not look at him on the the Day of Judgment”.

Ummu Salamah رضي االله عنها said: “What should the women, O Messenger of Allaah, do with the lower ends of their dresses?” He said: “They may let them hang down a span”. She said: “Still their feet will be uncovered”. He said: “Then let them hang the ends down a forearm’s length, not exceeding it.” [85]

Lowering the garments below the ankle is a the code of dress of women. Shaykh ul Islaam Ibn Taymmeyah said:

“…The imitation (of others) in the outward appearances produces a proportional assumption of the deeds and manners. That is why we are ordered to oppose the Kuffar… and that is also why men and women are prohibited from imitating each other in accordance with the Ahadeeth:

” من تشبه بقومٍ فهو منهم ”
“Whoever takes the similitude of certain people becomes one of them” [86]

[83] Silsilat Al-Ahadeeth as-Saheehah, hadeeth # 1109 and 1352.
[84] Saheeh Abee Dawood, hadeeth # 3454, Ibn Majah 1903, Saheeh Al-Jaami’e As-Sagheer, hadeeth #5095, and others.
[85] An authentic narration reported by Abee Dawood (# 3467 in Saheeh Abee Dawood), An-Nassaa’ee (#5336) and At-Tirmithee (Saheeh At-Tirmithee #1415), and Ibn Majah #3580 & 3581.
[86] An authentic hadeeth collected by Abee Dawood, Ahmad, and others. See As-Silsilah As-Saheehah V.1, 676

The man who imitates women acquires from their manners according to the extent of his imitation, such that it he may end up in complete effeminacy…The woman who imitates men assumes part of their manners until she attains levels of Tabarruj [87], Burooz [88] and Mushaarakah with men [89] driving some of them to show their bodies as men do, demanding superiority over men, and doing whatever contradicts the bashfulness of the woman…” [90]

When Ummar bin Al-Khattaab (رضي الله عنه) saw a man dragging his Izaar, he called upon him and said: “Are you having your menses?”. The man said: “O Ameer Al-Mu’mineen [91]! Does a man have menses?” Umar said: “What made you drag your Izaar over your feet?” He then ordered a blade, rapped (the lower ends of) the man’s Izaar and cut what trailed below the ankles…

Today we see that men are trailing their Izaar (Thobe, trousers, pants, etc.) like women while women wear clothes whose lower ends are way above the ankles! May Allaah guide our men and women to abide by the Commands of Allaah and His Messenger (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم).

Sixth: Isbaal is extravagancy:

Allaah has set a measure for everything, including the clothes for men. If a Muslim exceeds the limits set by Sharee’ah then he becomes an extravagant. Allaah, Most Exalted, says:

“And eat and drink but waste not by extravagance, certainly He (Allaah) likes not the extravagants.” (Qur’aan 7: 31).

[87] Tabarruj, displaying beautification as a show off to strangers. Displaying beautification to the husband is not Tabarruj.
[88] Burooz, show off.
[89] Mushaarakah, joining men in all walks of life.
[90] Sheikh ul Islam Ibn Taymmeyah in his book Al-Fatawa (Arabic), V. 22, P. 254.
[91] Ameer Al-Mu’mineen, the Commander of the Faithful. It is a title given to the Islamic Caliph. This incident was narrated by Kharshah bin Al-Hurr. The report is found in Waleed An-nasr’s book Al-isbaal Lighayer Al-Khuyalaa, p. 18, where he attributed it to At-Tabaree. It is reported in a summarized version by Ibn Abee Shaybah in his Mussannaf (V.8, p. 393) with a Saheeh Isnaad, as An-Nasr said.

Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajer, may Allaah’s Mercy be upon him, said:

“If the Thobe (as well as all other garments) exceeds the appropriate size [92] of the one who wears it, then it would be prohibited based upon extravagance and that leads to Tahreem.” [93]

Seventh: Isbaal and impurities:

Ubaid bin Khalid said: “I was walking trailing my Burd [94]. A man talked to him saying: “Pull up your Thobe because that (will keep it) more clean and will last longer”. I looked (to see who was talking to me) and he was the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم). I said: “It is only a black and white-striped Burdah (outer garment)”. He said: “Don’t you have an example in me?” I said: “I looked (at him) and his Izaar was (extending) to the middle of his shanks.” [95]

Abdullah Ibn Mas’oud narrated that: “A young man paid a visit to Umar (رضي الله عنه) (after he was stabbed by Abu Lu’lu’ah Al-Majoosee) and he started praising Umar (رضي الله عنه). (The narrator) said: “Umar saw the man trailing his Izaar”. He said to him: “O son of my brother! Lift your clothes, for this will keep them clean, and save you from the Punishment of your Rabb.” [96]

The painful suffering from the fatal wounds in Umar’s body did not prevent him from talking about the issue of Isbaal because Umar realized the threat of punishment in Hell for those who hang down their lower garments. In this there is a great lesson for all Muslims and especially our young generations that they should take this matter seriously and abide by the commands of Allaah and His Messenger (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم). On the other hand the incident shows that Umar while leading an Ummah did not say this is a “minor issue” as some Muslims respond when they are adviced about this issue or that of the beard. He considered all matters of Deen in light of the teachings of the Qur’aan and Sunnah. Certainly if a person is new to Islaam or if he is ignorant, then we gradually teach him the importance of Tawheed and that the Sunnah is an integral part Tawheed.

[92] The appropriate size takes into consideration what is prohibited and what is permitted. For example, it is prohibited to wear pants that “just fit in” and display or “framelike” the shapes of the private parts of men. This would alos be considered an an immitation of the Kuffar.
[93] Fathul Baaree, V. 10, P. 263.
[94] Burd, a black decorated square outer garment.
[95] Shayekh Al-Albaanee said that the hadeeth is authentic as in Ash-Shamaa’il Al-Muhammadiyyah (Sumarized Version), # 97.
[96] Collected by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim. See Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree V. 5, hadeeth # 50. It is also reported by Ibn Abee Shaybah in his Musannaf , V. 8, P. 27.

When these matters are made clear to him, then it is very natural to call him to abide by them. Setting the priorities without compromising or indefinitely postponing the reminders is, inshaaaAllaah, the beneficial approach.

Note: Someone may ask the question: “If the Sunnah for women is to trail their dresses, then what about the impurities that may attach to the dresses?”

A women asked Umm Salamah رضي االله عنها the following question: “I am a women having a long trail of my garment and I walk in a filthy place; (then what should I do?). Umm Salamah replied: “The Messenger of Allaah (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said: ‘What comes after it cleanses it’. “ [97]

[97] The hadeeth is reported by Imaam Malik, Ahmad, At-Tirmithee, Abee Dawoood, and Ad-Daarimee.

The Sharee’ah permitted the trailing by the women in order to cover her feet which are illegal to keep naked before others. That is the exception upon which the ruling for women regarding the trailing is different from that for men.

Summary: Isbaal is forbidden due to the following reasons:

1-The threat of punishment in Hell for the Musbil,
2-The clear command of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) to pull the garments above the ankles,
3-The absolutely generalized terms regarding its Tahreem,
4-The demand to follow the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) and abide by his orders,
5-It is a Makheelah (pride, arrogance, conceit, etc.),
6-It is an imitation of women,
7-It is an extravagancy,
8-The Musbil cannot protect against filth.

Shayekh Al-Albaanee said that the hadeeth is authentic since it is supported by another sound narration reported by Abee Dawood and in which a women of the Banu Abd Al-Ashhal reported: “I said O Allaah’s Messenger! Our road to the mosque has an unpleasent stench; what should we do when it is raining? He asked: “Is there not a cleaner part after the filthy part of the road?”. She replied: “indeed there is one”. He said: “It makes up for the other”. See Mushkatul Masaabeeh, V.1, hadeeth # 504 and 512.

Clearing Some Shubuhaat [98] Regarding Isbaal

[98] Shubuhaat, unclear matters.

First Shubuha: Isbaal is permitted as long as it is not done out of Makheelah.

Some refer to the following hadeeth as an evidence:

[Abdullah bin Umar رضي االله عنهماreported that: “I came to visit the Messenger of Allaah (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) and I was wearing an Izaar Yataqa’qa’ (clanking because of its trailing below the ankles) . He (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said: “Who is this?” I said: “Abdullah bin Umar”. He said: “If you are an Abd (i.e. a true slave) of Allaah, then pull up your Izaar”. I did. He then said: “more!”. (Ibn Umar) said: “I pulled it up until it reached the middle of shank; this was the (length) of his Izaar until he ((صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم)) died”. He then looked towards Aboo Bakr and said: “If anyone trails his garment arrogantly, Allaah will not look at him on the Day of Judgment”. Then Abu Bakr said: “My Izaar sometimes hangs low (in another narration he said: “one of the sides of my lower garment hangs low if I do not take care of it”)[99]. The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم)said: “But you are not one of them (in another narration he said: You are not one of those who do so conceitedly)[100][101]

Discussion: The hadeeth supports the Tahreem of Isbaal rather than the opinion which permits the Isbaal as long as it is not done out of conceit. In fact the hadeeth clearly makes it obligatory on the Muslim not to let his Izaar hang lower than his ankles, and that he must tuck it up even though his intention was like that of Abu Bakr in the hadeeth i.e. not done out of conceit. In fact Abu Bakr said: “One side of my Izaar hangs low if I do not take care of it”. In our times, however, people let their Izaars hang low, unlike Abu Bakr, and then they claim: “Well we do not do it out of arrogance!”. Don’t they realize the commands of Allaah’s Messenger to tuck up the Izaar and that his Izaar was extending to the middle of his shanks? Don’t they know that He (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) never thinks about Makheelah? Isn’t he our example?

It is also clear that Abu Bakr did not say that: “I made my Izaar trailing”. In fact he said in one narration: “Sometimes my Izaar hangs low”. So, its his Izaar that goes down when as he said: “I do not take care of it”. Its clear that when he takes care of it it stays above his ankles, but when it gets loose it hangs low. Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajer reported that Ibn Sa’dd reported a narration from the way of Talha bin Abdullaah bin Abdur-Rahmaan bin Abee Bakr, that ‘Aaaishah رضي االله عنها وعنهم said: “Abu Bakr was Ahnaa (had an inclination in his back), his Izaar could not hold on him, it used to get loose around his loins”. Al-Hafidh also reported a narration from the way of Qayess Ibn Abee Haazim who said: “I visited Abee Bakr and he was a thin person.” [102]

[99] From Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 7, hadeeth # 675.
[100]Ibid. Also reported by Abee Dawood.
[101] The hadeeth was reported by Imaam Ahmad, Abdul Razzaaq, At-Tabaraanee and others. Al-Albaanee said: The hadeeth’s Isnaad is according to the conditions laid down by Ash-Shayekhan (i.e. the two Shayeks: Al- Bukhaaree and Muslim), As-Silsilah As-Saheehah, V. 4, P. 95. The part of the hadeeth starting with the saying of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم): If anyone trails his Izaar” and ending with “you are not of those who do so conceitedly” is reported by Al-Bukhaaree, Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree V. 7, hadeeth # 675.
[102] Fathul Baaree V. 10, P. 255.

Those who design garments, pants, etc. whose lower ends abide by the Sunnah, but when they wear them they get loose and sometimes trail below the ankles, resemble the case of Abu Bakr.

The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) considered that Abu Bakr was not “one of those who hang their garments out of conceit”, because Abu Bakr did not intend to lower his Izaar below the ankles, and it only trailed when he did not take care of it. Those who intend to trail out of conceit are threatened with a grave punishment:

The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

Allaah will not look (on the Day of Resurrection) [103] at person who drags his Izaar (behind him) out of conceit.” [104]

In another narration the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

Allaah will not look at a person , on the Day of Judgemt, who drags his Izaar out of pride and arrogance.” [105]

In addition, on the Day of Judgment, Allaah will not talk to or sanctify the Musbil. This is confirmed in the authentic hadeeth in which Abu Dharr reported the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) as saying:

[103] See Appendix.
[104] Al-Bukhaaree, Muslim, and Ahmad. See Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 7, hadeeth # 675., and Saheeh Muslim, V. 3, Ahadeeth # 5191-5195.
[105] Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 7, hadeeth # 679 and Saheeh Muslim, hadeeth # 5201.

“There are three (kinds) of persons to whom Allaah will neither speak on the Day of Judgment, nor will He look at them nor purify them, and they will have a painful Punishment. He (Abu Darr) said: “Allaah’s Messenger repeated itthree times. Abu Dharr remarked: “They failed and they lost; who are these persons, O Messenger of Allaah? He (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) replied: “The one who wears a trailing robe (the Musbil), the one who takes account of what he gives, and the seller of goods by false oaths.” [106]

Certainly Abu Bakr received a testimony from the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) that he did not lower his Izaar out of arrogance. Those who intentionally make Isbaal, when did they receive a purifying testimony?

In another incident, Ubdullah Ibn Umar passed by the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) and his Izaar was hanging low. He said describing this incident:

“I happened to pass before Allaah’s Messenger (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) with my garment hanging low. He said: Abdullah, Tuck up your lower garment. I tucked it up, and he again said: “Tug it still further”. I tucked it still further and I went on tugging it afterward, whereupon some of the people said: “To what extent?” Thereupon he said: “To the middle of the shanks.” [107]

The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) did not keep silent when he saw Abdullah bin Umar hanging low his Izaar. This shows that the prophibition of Isbaal for men is not restricted only to the case if it is done out of Makheelah. Abdullah bin Umar is one of the great Sahabah. Imagine what would the position of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) be if he sees the clothes on many Du’aat (those who invite others to this Deen), or even “scholars” each trailing his Jubbah,[108] garment, or pants? We know that Ibn Umar hastened to comply with the Prophet’s command. Now it takes hours, talks, lectures to convey the Prophet’s command and still you find people arguing that: “Well! As long as Isbaal is not done out of conceit then its OK!” Indeed it makes the clement person preplexed! To Allaah alone, is the complaint!

[106] Collected by Muslim (Saheeh Muslim, V.1, hadeeth # 192 and 193), Saheeh Abee Daawood, hadeeth # 3444, Saheeh At-Tirmithee # 967, Saheeh Ibn Majah, # 2208, An-Nassaa’ee, Book of Zakat, V.5, P. 81, Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad, V. 5, P. 148 and P. 162, and others. Al-Albaanee also reported it in Saheeh Al-Jaami’, V.3, hadeeth # 3062.

[107] Reported by Muslim, Saheeh Muslim V. 3, hadeeth # 5200.
[108] Jubbah, a cloak.

Second Shubuha: The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) himself dragged his garment, so why is it that trailing is forbidden? People who say stand by the above statement take the following texts as their evidence:

Narrated Abu Bakra (رضي الله عنه): “We were with Allaah’s Messenger (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) when the sun eclipsed. Allaah’s Messenger (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) stood up dragging his cloak till he entered the mosque…” [109]. In another narration, Abu Bakra said: “Allaah’s Messenger came out dragging his cloak till he reached the mosque.” [110] Still in another narration by Abu Bakra: “He got up dragging his garment hurriedly till he reached the mosque.” [111]

The other case is when the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) made an early salutation after the third rak’ah of an afternoon prayer. “A man called Al-Khirbaaq who had long arms got up and said: “Has the prayers been shortened, O Messenger of Allaah? He came out angrily trailing his cloak and when he came to the people he said: Is he telling the truth? They said: “Yes”. He then said one rak’ah, then gave the salutation, then made two prostrations (of forgetfullness), then gave the salutation.” [112]

The third incident as reported by Abur Rahman bin Abee Sa’eed Al-Khudree who narrated it from his father. He (the father) said: I went to Qibaa’ with the Messenger of Allaah(صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) on Monday till we reached (the habitation) of Banu Saalim. The Messenger of Allaah (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) stood at the door of ‘Itbaan and called him loudly. So he came out dragging his lower garment. Upon this Allaah’s Messenger (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said: “We have made this man to make haste”. ‘Itbaan said: “Messenger of Allaah, if a man parts with his wife suddenly without seminal emission, what is he required to do (with regard to bath)?”. The Messenger of Allaah (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said: “It is with the seminal emission that bath becomes obligatory.” [113]

[109] Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 2, hadeeth # 150.
[110] ibid, hadeeth # 170.
[111] Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 7, hadeeth # 676.
[112] See Saheeh Muslim, V. 1, hadeeeth # 1187.
[113] Saheeh Muslim, V. 1, hadeeth # 674.

All of the above Ahadeeth are supporting evidences for the opinion that if a person does not intend to lower his garment, but it happens that he draggs it due to to certain circumstances, like being in a hurry, angry, etc. then he is not a Musbil by intention. Therefore, he is to be reminded but not blamed. The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) came in a hurry, so did ‘Itbaan. Another exception is due to necessity.114 For example if someone has a wound on his ankle, he may cover it by extending his lower garment if he does not have any other means to protect it.

Third Shubuha: It was reported in the Musannaf of Ibn Abee Shayebah with an authentic chain of narrators that Abdullah bin Mas’oud (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) “used to dragg his lower garment; when he was asked about it he said: ‘I have thin shanks’. “ [115]

1-Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajer responded to this issue saying: “it indicates that he extended it lower than the recommended, which is the middle of the shanks. It is improper to suspect that he let it exceed the ankles as indicated by his response: ‘I have thin shanks’116. It is possible that he was not aware of the story of Umr bin Zarrarah,117 and Allaah knows best.” [118]

2-The narration about Ibn Mas’oud is of the Mawqoof [119] category opposed by many Marfoo’[120] narrations. Certainly the Marfoo’ takes precedence over the Mawqoof. The evidence is in what is established by the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم).

[114] See Fathul Baaree, V. 10, P. 257.
[115] Musannaf Ibn Abee Shayebah, V. 6, P. 26 # 11.

[116] In fact Abdullah bin Mas’oud reported that the “The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) disliked ten things”. He mentioned them and amongst them was “the dragging of the Izaar (i.e. below the ankles). This was reported by Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad, V. 6, PP. 103-104, hadeeth # 4179 . The checker, Ahmad Shaakir, may Allaah’s Mercy be upon him, said: ”Its Isnaad is Saheeh”. This supports Al-Hafid’s position that the “Isbaal” in Abdullah bin Mas’oud’s garment was an extension lower than the middle of the shanks but not exceeding the ankles. Certainly Ibn Mas’oud would not opposee the Prophet’s position on Isbaal.

[117] Abu Umamah (رضي الله عنه) reported that: “While we were with the Messenger of Allaah (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم), Umr Bin Zararah AlAnsaaree followed us and he was dressed with a cloak and a trailing Izaar. The Messenger of Allaah (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) began to hold the side of his Thobe, humbling himself to Allaah and saying: ‘I am your slave, the son of your male-slave, the son of your female-slave”, until Umr heard it. Upon this he said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah!, I am a person with thin shanks’. He (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said: ‘O Umr! Allaah has perfected everything He has created; O Umr! Allaah does not like the Musbil.’ “-Reported by At-Tabaraanee and others. Al-Hafidh said: “Its narrators are Thuqaat (trustworthy). See Fathul Baaree, V. 10, PP. 275-276.

[118] Fathul Baaree, V. 10, P.276.
[119] Mawqoof, “stopped”; a narration from a Sahabee (Companion) not traced to the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم).
[120] Marfoo’, “raised”; a narration attributed to the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم).

The Fourth Shubuha: Some people consider the matters of Isbaal , the growing of the beard, and the entire outward appearance of the Muslim as “minor” or “trivial” issues. They base this conclusion on their understanding that the Deen of Allaah is divided into a “crust or a shell” and a “core”. The outward appearance is from the “crust” part.

This classification of Islamic matters is an innovation.[121] It is aimed at diluting the Deen of Allaah leaving it for the taste of men and women to decide for themselves whether they have to abide by some of its rules and regulations. In fact we are ordered by Allaah to “fully, perfectly, and whole-heartedly” enter the Deen of Islaam:

“O you who believe! Enter perfectly in Islaam and follow not the footsteps of Satan.” (Qur’aan 2:208)

Ibn Katheer said in his Tafseer (exegesis) of this ِAayah: “Enter in Islaam and obey all of its rules and regulations”. Al-Alloosee, may Allaah’s Mercy be upon him, commented about the same ِAayah, saying: “Entirely enter in Islaam and do not let anything of your outward and inward natures except that Islaam contains them leaving no room for anything else.” [122]

The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) ordered, forbade, warned and set the example regarding the Isbaal, the beard, the straightening of the lines in the prayers. So, the Muslim should not take these matters lightly because insisting one even one sin, no matter how small, may subject the Muslim to the threat of Allaah:

There is truth in the saying that: “had it not been for the shell, the core would spoil”! Islaam is an intact message. The deeds of the heart reflect on the outward behavior and appearance. This evident in the hadeeth in which the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said: “Truly there is a piece of flesh in the body; if it is sound, the the whole body is sound, and if it is corrupt the whole body is corrupt. Truly it is the heart”-Saheeh Muslim, V. 3, # 3882.

What is also certain is that the outward appearance influences the inward condition. In the hadeeth reported by An-Nu’maan bin Basheer, the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said: “Straighten your rows (in prayers) or Allaah would certainly put your faces in contrary directions (i.e. would create dissension amongst you).”- Saheeh Muslim, V. 1, hadeeth # 874 and 875. In another narration reported by Abee Daawood, the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said: “…or Allaah would make your hearts differ.”-See Saheeh Al-Jaami’, hadeeth # 1202.

[122] Rooh Al-Ma’aanee, V. 1. The Tafseer of ِAayah # 208 of Soorat Al-Baqara. Published in 1408/1987 by Daar Al-Fikr, Beirut, Lebanon.

So when they turned away (from the Path of Allaah), Allaah turned away their hearts (from the right Path).” (Qur’aan 61, 5)

Sahl bin Sa’d narrated that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

“Beware of the small sins! The similitude of the small sins is like a group of people who came down to the depth of a valley; one (person amongst them) brought a stick (of wood), and another (person) brought another stick (etc.), until they collected what was enough to get their bread baked. It is certain that when the small sins take hold of their possessor they destroy him (her).” [123]

Ubaadah bin Qurss said: “you do certain things that are “thinner than hair” in your sight (i.e. not blameworthy in your consideration), but at the time of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) they were considered from the grave offenses.” [124] When this saying of Ubaadah bin Qurss was mentioned to Muhammad Ibn Seereen,[125] he believed it and said: “I consider that trailing of the Izaar is one of the grave offenses because of the severe threat of Punishment that was related in the texts about it. People think of it as one of the minor sins because of their excessive ignorance and false pride.”[126]

[123] Reported by Imaam Ahmad and others. See As-Silsilah As-Saheehah, V. 1, hadeeth # 389.
[124] Reported by Ahmad and others. Waleed An-Nassr reported it as Saheeh in his book: “(The ruling on) Isbaal not done out of Conceit.” P. 29, second edition, 1411/1990. Publisher’s name not mentioned. 125 Abu Bakr, Muhammad Ibn Seereenn, died 110 Hj/729. He was one of the known Fuqahaa’ (Jurists) of the City of Bara-Iraq. He was famous for his in depth interpreatations of dreams.

[126] Reported in Al-Fath Ar-Rabbaanee Bitarteeb Musnad Al-Imaam Ahmad Ashayebaanee, by Ahmad Al-Bannaa As-Saa’aatee, V. 17, P. 291. Daar Ash-Shihaab, Egypt.

The Approved Length of the Lower Garment:

The Izaar (including pants) must be above the ankles and preferably to the middle of the shanks:

“I happened to pass before Allaah’s Messenger (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) with my garment hanging low. He said: Abdullah, Tuck up your lower garment. I tucked it up, and he again said: “Tug it still further”. I tucked it still further and I went on tugging it afterward, whereupon some of the people said: “To what extent?” Thereupon he said: “To the middle of the shanks.” [127]

Huthaifah said: “Allaah’s Messenger took by shank (or by the muscle of my shank) and said: “This is the extent of the Izaar. If you dislike it, have it lower (i.e. above the lower end of the shank’s muscle). If you (still) dislike it, then (know that) it is not legitimate that the Izaar extend below the ankles.” [128]

Al-’Alaa bin Abdur Rahmaan reported that his father (Abdur Rahmaan bin Ya’qoob) said: “Abu Sa’eed Al-Khudree about wearing lower garment”. He said: “You have come to the man who knows it well. Allaah’s Messenger said: ‘The Izaar of the Muslim should be halfway down his legs-and he is guilty of no sin if it extends between that and the ankles, but what comes lower than the ankles is in Hell. (On the Day of Judgment), Allaah will not look at him who conceitedly trails his lower garment.’ “ [129]

[127] Reported by Muslim, Saheeh Muslim V. 3, hadeeth # 5200.
[128] Reported by Ahmad, At-Ttirmithee, An-Nassaa’ee, and others. At-Tirmithee said it is sound and acceptable hadeeth (At-Tirmithee, Book of Dress # 1783). See As-Saheehah, V. 4, # 1765.
[129] Saheeh Abee Dawood, hadeeth # 3449. Also reported by Ibn Maajah. Al-Albaanee said it is Saheeh as in As-Saheehah, and in Saheeh Al-Jaami’ As-Sagheer, # 921.

Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajer, may Allaah’s Mercy be upon him, said: “It is concluded, therefore, that there are two two cases regarding the men’s Izaar: a highly recommended case where the length of the lower garment is halfway down the shanks, and a permissible length where its lower border is above the ankles.” [130]

Note: Shortening the lower garment above the middle of shanks is an exaggeration in Deen and it is prohibited.

What Clothes Are Covered Under The Laws Regarding Isbaal?

When it comes to the Issue of Isbaal for men, what matters is the length and not the kind of dress. Abdullah bin Umar reported that:

Isbaal is lower garment, Al-Qameess,[131] and turban [132]. If anyone trails any of them conceitedly, Allaah will not look at him on the Day of Resurrection.” [133]

Imaam Ibn Hazm said describing the Musbil:

Isbaal generally covers trousers, lower garments, shirts, and everything people wear.” [134]

[130] Fathul Baaree, V. 10, P. 259.

[131] Al-Qamees, the Shirt that covers the body halfway to the middle of the legs. Included in this category is the Morocon بُرنُس hooded cloak, جلاَّبية Jallaabiyyah (a loose shirt like garment, the common dress of the male population of Egypt), العبائة Al-’Abaa’ah (a cloak-like, woolen wrap, occasionally striped), and the like Fathul Baaree, V. 10, P. 260.

[132] This shows that trailing and hanging down is not confined to the Izaar in all of its forms. One should not exceed the usual customs and practices that do not oppose the Islamic teachings. The turban as well as its ends should not be very long in order to safeguard against conceit and arrogance besides this would be considered as extravagance. Some of toady’s lengthy turbans may need a special instrument to roll them! Similarly there is trailing and hanging in the wide sleeves of some garments especially in some parts of Egypt and in Sudan. Imaam Ibn Qayyim, may Allaah’s Mercy be upon him, said: “Lengthy and wide sleeves, which look like bags, were never worn by the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) or anyone of his companions, and (their style) is in opposition to his Sunnah. Their permissibility is doubtful because they they are related to false pride”. Imaam Ash-Shawkaanee, may Allaah’s Mercy be upon him, described the clothes of some of the scholars as having “wide sleeves such that each one would be sufficient to make of it an outer garment or a shirt for one of his children or to one of the orphans!…”-Nayel Al-Awtaar, V. 2, 108.

[133] Saheeh Abee Dawood, # 3450, Saheeh Ibn Maajah, # 3567, An-Nassaa’ee, and Ibn Abee Shayebah. Shayekh Al- Albaanee authenticated it in Saheeh Al-Jaami’ # 2770.

[134] Ibn Hazm’s Al-Muhalla, V. 4, P. 100, the Chapter on Salaat (Prayers).

Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajer quoted At-Tabaree saying: “In the lifetime of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) most people used to wear the Izaar and Al-’Ardiyah (loose outer garments, cloaks, robes, etc.). But When people started wearing shirts and other kinds of clothes (like cloaks etc.), the same ruling of prohibition applied to the trailing and hanging of the Izaar was applied to them. Ibn Battaal said: ‘This is a good analogical deduction. So, even if there is no text that includes the Thobe , the prohibition clearly involves all (i.e. all dresses that hang low)’.” [135]

Isbaal And Prayers:

You may have noticed some people tugging up their lower garments (especially pants) when they are about to start their prayers. They refer to a hadeeth reported by Abee Dawood in which it is said that: “Allaah does not accept the prayers from a man trailing his lower garment”. However, the hadeeth is weak. Shayek Nassir ud Deen Al-Albaanee said: “Its Isnaad is weak, because of Abu Ja’far, an un-known as Ibnul Qattan said…So, whoever authenticated the Isnaad of this is mistaken.” [136]

Having said the above, one should be aware that intending to pray in a state of Isbaal out of conceit, subjects the Musbil to a grave punishment from Allaah. Abdullah bin Mas’oud said:“I heared Allaah’s Messenger saying:

‘Anyone who conceitedly trails his Izaar during prayers, Allaah has nothing to do with pardoning him and protecting him (from Hell or from bad deeds).” [137]

Another narration came as Mawqoof (i.e. a narration from a companion. In this case by Abdullah bin Mas’oud). It reads:

“The Musbil during prayer has nothing to do with pardoning him and protecting him (from Hell or from bad deeds).” [138]

[135] Fathul Baaree, V. 10, P. 260.
[136] Al-Albaanee, Mushkat ul Massabeeh, V. 1, # 761.

[137] Reported by Abee Dawood V. 1, Book of Salat, hadeeth # 637 (Arabic or English Texts). The narration is in At-Tabaraanee in Al-Mu’jam Al-Kabeer , V. 9, P. 315. The checker said: it is authentic.”

[138] Reported by Abee Dawood and At-Tayaalisee, V. 1, P. 352, Al-Baihaqee, V. 2, P. 432 (Book of Zuhd), Al-Haythamee in Majma’ Az-Zawaa’id, V. 5, P. 124 (he said: At-Tabaraanee reported it and its narrators are trustworthy), and Al-Albaanee authenticated it in Saheeh Al-Jaami’, hadeeth # 5888. Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajer said: “It was reported by At-Tabaraanee with a good Isnaad from Abdullah Ibn Mas’oud. An issue like this could not just be an opinion (i.e. of Abdullah Ibn Mas’oud)…”-Fathul Baaree, V. 10, P. 257.

The Musbil, therefore, should be aware that Isbaal is a great offense during prayers or after its completion. It should be also noted that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) ordered that we should not make Kaft of our clothes or hair during prayers. Kaft is to draw, cluster, pile up, tuck up, or band clothes together right before or during prayers to prevent their spreading [139]. Like, for example, to bring together and assemble the sides of one’s Thobe between the legs when one is about to enter the prayers or during Ruk’oo or Sujood, to pile up the ends of the head-cover on the head or the shoulders, to tuck up the lower ends of the pants,[140] or the ends of the sleeves, etc. In the hadeeth narrated by Abdullah bin Abbaas ,رضي االله عنهما the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said::

“I have been ordered (and thus his Ummah) to prostrate on seven bones: on forehead (along with the tip of the nose), pointed towards his nose, both hands, both knees and the toes of both feet, and not to tuck up the clothes and the hair.” [141]

[139]See Ibn Al-Atheer in An-Nihaayah fee Ghareeb Al-hadeeth, V. 4, P. 184.

[140]This is not to be confused with tucking up and then cutting off the trailing ends of the lower garments halfway to the middle of the legs or to an extent that keeps the lower ends of the Thobe, pants, trousers, etc. above the ankles. Even if the lower end is within the recommended limits, it should not be tucked up at its end because that constitutes Kaft.

[141]Saheeh Al-Bukharee, V. 1, hadeeth # 774.

The Dress of Men

The dress of men is governed by the following legislations:

1-It is forbidden if it extends below the ankles. The Musbil is under the threat of punishment in Hell.
2-Isbaal itself is Makheelah.
3-If the Musbil intends conceit and arrogance, Allaah will not look at him on the Day of Judgment.
4-Isbaal is not confined to the lower garments. It covers the cloak, robe, pants,trousers, turban, sleeves, etc.
5-The person who does not intend Isbaal and his lower Izaar hangs low out of his control is not a Musbil.
6-The recommended length of the lower garment is halfway to the middle of the shanks, and the permissible is to up to the ankles.
7-The dress must not resemble that of the Kuffar.
8-The dress must not be for fame.
9-The dress must not resemble that of women.
10-The dress must not contain forbidden pictures (human and animal life), or material the essence of which is in disagreement with Islamic Principles including the immitation of the Kuffar.
11-Wearing golden rings, bracelets, necklace, etc. Is forbidden.
12-It is forbidden to wear pure silk.

 

Children & Isbal (trousers below ankle) – Mustafa George

Bismillah hir Rahman ir Raheem

There is no doubt that from the affairs that every Muslim father and mother will be questioned about on the Day of Judgment will be the raising of one’s children. The Prophet (salAllahu wa salem) said:

“All of your are shepherds and all of you will be questioned concerning his flock.”

Due to this reality, we find that the Salaf were very diligent in raising their children (from young)upon righteousness.

Ibn Umar was reported to have said:

“Raise your children correctly, verily you are responsible for them and you will be questioned regarding your rearing of them.” (Shu’ab al Eman 8295)

Mu’awiyah ibn Qura is reported to have said to his children after praying Salatul ‘Isha:

“Oh my children, sleep (early), it’s possible that Allah will bless you by allowing you to stand a portion of the night in prayer.” (Zuhd by Imam Ahmed 234)

Saleh ibn Ahmed bin Hanbal is reported to have said:

“My father (Imam Ahmed) would call me whenever a  righteous man visited him, in order for me to look at that man, in hopes that I would be like that person.” (Siyar 12/530)

If one were to look into the books of the people of knowledge he would find that the Salaf were also diligent with regards to the dress of their children. An example of this is in the following statements:

Jabir ibn Abdullah is reported to have said:

“We used to prevent our young boys from wearing silk, and we would allow it for our young girls” (Sahih Abi Dawud 3424)

Abdur Rahman bin Yazid said:

“I was in the company of Ibn Masoudwhen a young boy wearing silk approached, upon seeing him Ibn Masoud removed the silk from the boy and ripped it.” (Ibn Hazm in Muhalah 4/40)

Ibn Qudamah mentioned in Al Mugni:

“It is also forbidden for the parent to allow his/her child to wear that which is forbidden, just as it is prohibited to allow them to drink alcohol or indulge is usary.” (Al Mugni 1/344)

Ibn Taymiyyah mentioned:

“…that which is forbidden for the male to wear, it is likewise forbidden for him to allow his child to wear…” (Mejmoo’22/139)

Although the above statements are addressing the wearing of silk, these proofs along with their comments can also be applied to the wearing of the pants below the ankle, and Allah knows best.

Sheikh Muhammed bin Saleh al Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said in responce to a question posed to him concerning the ruling on children’s clothing which contains pictures. The Sheikh responded: The people of knowledge have mentioned that it is forbidden to allow a child to wear that which is forbidden for a grown person to wear… (he continued to deal with the issue of pictures on clothing). Then the questioner replied: Does this ruling also apply to isbal for boys? They Sheikh said: Yes, it also applies to isbal for boys. (Important Questions for the Muslim Family pg.144)

Sheikh Abdullah Al Ghudayan (may Allah preserve him) said concerning Isbal for the young boys: The parents should condition their children to dress Islamically while they are still at a very young age. (Weekly gathering with the Westeners, Riyadh)

I hope and pray this brings some clarity.

Mustafa George
Saudi Arabia

Ruling on Men offering Salah (Prayer) without a Turban or a Cap – Ibn Baaz & Permanent Commitee

Ruling on offering Salah without a turban

Q: Is it permissible to offer Salah (Prayer) without a turban? Is it permissible for the Imam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) to pray without a head cover? Is wearing a cap sufficient? Please support your answer with evidences. May Allah protect you. As-salamu `alaykum warahmatullah wabarakatuh (May Allah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you). 

A: There is nothing wrong with offering Salah without a turban because the head [with regard to men] is not included in `Awrah (parts of the body that must be covered in public), and it is not obligatory to cover it when offering Salah, whether the person praying is an Imam, a Munfarid (person offering Prayer individually), or a Ma’mum (person being led by an Imam in Prayer).

However, if wearing a turban is customary then it is best to do it, especially when offering Salah with others. Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) states: O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes), while praying [and going round (the Tawâf of) the Ka‘bah,] The turban is considered a type of adornment.

It is well known that men who are Muhrims (pilgrims in the ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah) offer Salah bareheaded, because they are not allowed to cover their heads while in Ihram (ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah). Hence it is known that there is nothing wrong with offering Salah bareheaded. 

May Allah guide all to acquire beneficial knowledge and act upon it! He is the All-Hearer and All-Respondent.

As-salamu `alaykum warahmatullah wabarakatuh

Ibn Baaz Fatwas – http://www.alifta.net

Q 10: Some people wear a turban, some wear a Qulunsuwah (cap), and many offer Salah (Prayer) with bare heads, I mean men. Which manner is the best in reward? We appreciate your advice, may Allah reward you with the best. 

A: It is desirable for a Muslim to wear his full garment when going to Prayer, the head cover included; because Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) enjoined His servants to adorn themselves when going to Salah. Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes), while praying [and going round (the Tawâf of) the Ka‘bah,]

Besides, it has not been reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he offered Salah without a head cover. In fact, he used to always wear a turban, and the practice of Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the best guidance.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Chairman – Shaykh Abdul-Aziz ibn Abdullah Al Al-Shaykh

Source: http://www.alifta.net

Concerning the wearing of Trousers (Pants) whilst Praying – Shaykh Ibn Baaz

[Question]

Sometimes whilst praying – especially during rukoo’ (bowing) and sujood (prostration) – part of the awrah(private parts) of a person becomes exposed due to his wearing trousers. So what is the ruling concerning the wearing of trousers whilst praying?

[Answer] :

 “If the man’s trousers cover what is between his navel and his knees and are loose fitting, wide and baggy, then it fulfills the condition for the correctness of the Prayer.

However, what is more preferable is to wear a qamees (long shirt) – which reaches half-way down to the shins, or just above the anklebone – over the trousers. This is a more complete form of covering the awrah.

Likewise, Prayer in an izaar (a loose lower garment) is more preferable than Prayer in a pair of trousers without a long shirt – since the izaar far better covers the awrah than a pair of trousers.”

Answered by the Noble Scholar and Muftee – Shaykh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin ‘Abdullaah bin Baaz – Al-Fataawaa (1/68-69).
Al-Istiqaamah Issue No.1 – Dhul-Hijjah 1416H / May 1996 .

Rolling up the sleeves for Salah (Prayer) – Permanent Committee

The fourth question of Fatwa no. 8598

Q 4: Does rolling up the sleeves count as part of the tucking up that is not allowed during Salah?If it is part of that tucking up, does the ruling differ if I start praying with my sleeves rolled up, meaning, I do not roll them up during the Salah, or does it make no difference?

A: It is not permissible to roll up the sleeves or to fold them up before the Salah or during it to avoid that they will touch the ground when performing Sujud (prostration), because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, I have been commanded to pray on seven bones and not to tuck up my hair or my clothes. [Narrated by Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Chairman : Shaykh Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source : http://www.alifta.net

Prohibition of Wearing Saffron-Colored Dress

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 365
Prohibition of Wearing Saffron-Colored Dress

1798. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) prohibited men from wearing saffron-dyed clothes.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1799. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saw me dressed in two saffron-coloured garments and asked, “Has your mother commanded you to wear these?” I asked him, “Shall I wash them out?” He replied, “You had better set them to fire.”

Another narration is: “These are garments of the disbelievers. So do not wear them.”
[Muslim].

Undesirability of Wearing one Shoe or Sock

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 299
Undesirability of Wearing one Shoe or Sock

1649. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “None of you should walk wearing one shoe; you should either wear them both or take them off both.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1650. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “When the lace of one of the shoes of any one of you is cut off, he should not walk with the other until he has got the lace repaired.”
[Muslim].

1651. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) forbade a person wearing (tying up) his shoe while standing.
[Abu Dawud with a good Isnad].

Prohibition for Men and Women apeing one another

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 292
Prohibition for Men and Women apeing one another

1631. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) cursed those men who ape women. He also cursed the hermaphrodite of men.

Another narration is: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) cursed men who copy women and cursed women who copy men.
[Al-Bukhari].

1632. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) cursed a man who puts on the dress of women, and a woman who puts on the dress of men.
[Abu Dawud].

1633. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “There are two types of people who will be punished in Hell and whom I have not seen: men having whips like the tails of cows and they will be beating people with them, and, women who will be dressed but appear to be naked, inviting to evil; and they themselves will be inclined to it. Their heads will appear like the humps of the Bactrian camel inclined to one side. They will not enter Jannah and they will not smell its fragrance which is perceptible from such and such a distance.”
[Muslim].

Excellence of Qamees

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 118
Excellence of Qamees

789. Umm Salamah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Out of all garments Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) liked Qamees the best.
[At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].

Lawfulness to wear Silk in case one is suffering from an Itch

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 123
Lawfulness to wear Silk in case one is suffering from an Itch

810. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) permitted Zubair and `Abdur-Rahman bin `Auf (May Allah be pleased with them) to wear silk because they were suffering from an itch.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Supplication at the time of wearing new Dress or Shoes

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 125
Supplication at the time of wearing new Dress or Shoes

813.  Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) wore a new garment, he would name it. For instance, a turban or shirt or cloak and would supplicate: “Allahumma lakal-hamdu, Anta kasautanihi, as`aluka khairahu wa khaira ma suni`a lahu, wa a`udhu bika min sharrihi wa sharri ma suni`a lahu (O Allah, all the praise is for You that You have given it to me to put on. I ask You its goodness and the goodness of the purpose for which it was made, and I seek Your Protection from its evil and the evil of the purpose for which it was made).”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

Excellence of wearing white clothes and the permissibility of wearingred, green, yellow and black clothes made from Cotton, Linen but not Silk

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 117
Excellence of wearing white clothes and the permissibility of wearing red,
green, yellow and black clothes made from Cotton, Linen but not Silk

Allah, the Exalted, says:

“O Children of ¢dam! We have bestowed raiment upon you to cover yourselves (screen your private parts) and as an adornment, and the raiment of righteousness, that is better.” (7:26)

“And (Allah) has made for you garments to protect you from the heat (and cold), and coats of mail to protect you from your (mutual) violence.” (16:81)

779. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Put on white clothes because they are the best; and use them for shrouding your dead.”
[At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].

780. Samurah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘Wear white clothes because they are the purest and they are closest to modesty; and shroud the dead in it.”
[An-Nasa’i and Al-Hakim].

781. Bara’ (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was of medium stature. I saw him wearing a red mantle. I have never seen anything more graceful than that.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

782. Abu Juhaifah Wahb bin `Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I saw the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) by Al-Abtah valley in Makkah, in a red tent made from tanned skin. Bilal brought him ablution water. Then Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) came out wearing a red mantle; and I can still remember looking at whiteness of his shanks. So he made his ablution, and Bilal (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) pronounced the call for prayer  (Adhan). I kept following the movement of his (Bilal’s) face to the right and to the left when he recited: `Come to the prayer; come to the success.’ Then a spear was fixed (as a Sutrah) in front of Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) who then stepped forward and led the prayer. Dogs and donkeys passed in front of him (beyond the spear) and no one prevented them from doing so.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

783. Abu Rimthah Rifa`ah At-Taimi (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I saw Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) wearing two green garments.
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

784. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) entered Makkah on the day of its conquest and he was wearing a black turban.
[Muslim].

785. Abu Sa`id `Amr bin Huraith (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: As if I am seeing Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) wearing a black turban and both ends of it are falling over his shoulders.
[Muslim].

Another narration is: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was delivering a Khutbah wearing a black turban.

786. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The body of Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was shrouded in three white Yemeni cotton garments, among which was neither a gown nor a turban.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

787. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: One morning Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) went out wearing a black blanket made of camel’s or sheep’s black hair with patterns of camels’ bags upon it.
[Muslim].

788. Al-Mughirah bin Shu`bah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I was with Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) in a journey one night, and he asked me, “Do you have any water with you?” I said, “Yes.” So he dismounted from his riding camel and walked away (to answer the call of nature) until he disappeared in the darkness. When he returned, I poured out some water from a vessel and he washed his face. He was wearing a long woollen cloak and could not take out his forearms from his sleeves, so he brought them out from below the cloak and then washed them, and then passed his (wet) hands over his head. I stretched out my hand to take off his Khuff (leather socks), but he said, “Leave them. I put them on after performing Wudu’,’‘ and he passed his (wet) hands over them.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Another narration is: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was wearing a Syrian cloak with tight sleeves.

Another narration is: This incident took place during the battle of Tabuk.

Prohibition of wearing Silk for men and its permissibility for Women

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 122
Prohibition of wearing Silk for men and its permissibility for Women

804. `Umar bin Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Do not wear silk (clothes). For whoever wears (them) in this life will be deprived of them in the Hereafter.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

805. `Umar bin Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Silk (clothes) are worn only by him who has no share in the Hereafter.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

806.  Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who wears silk clothes in this life shall not wear them in the Hereafter.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

807. `Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I saw Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) holding a piece of gold in his left hand and a silk (cloth) in his right hand. Then he said, “These two are forbidden for the males of my Ummah.”
[Abu Dawud].

808. Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Wearing of silk and gold has been made unlawful for males and lawful for the females of my Ummah.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

809. Hudhaifah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) prohibited us from eating or drinking in gold or silver utensils and from wearing silk and brocade, or sitting on (anything made from) them.
[Al-Bukhari].

Description of the length of Qamees and the Sleeves, the end of theTurban, the Prohibition of wearing long Garments out of Pride and theundesirability of wearing them without Pride

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 119
Description of the length of Qamees and the Sleeves, the end of the Turban, the
Prohibition of wearing long Garments out of Pride and the undesirability of
wearing them without Pride

790. Asma` bint Yazid (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Qamees sleeves of Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) reached down to his wrists.
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

791. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Whoever allows his lower garment to drag out of vanity will find that Allah will not look at him on the Day of Resurrection.” On this Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him) submitted: “O Messenger of Allah! My lower garment keeps sliding down though I take care to pull it and wrap it.’ Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “You are not of those who do it out of vanity.”
[Al-Bukhari].

792. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “On the Day of Resurrection, Allah will not look at him who trails his lower garment out of pride.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

793. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “What is below the ankles of a lower garment is condemned to the Fire (Hell).”
[Al-Bukhari].

794. Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “There are three to whom Allah will neither speak on the Day of Resurrection nor will look at them nor purify them (i.e., of their sins), and they will be severely tormented.” When he repeated this (statement) thrice, Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) said: “They are doomed and destroyed! (But) who are they, O Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)?” He said, “One whose lower garment trails, one who boasts of kindness shown to another; and one who promotes sale of his business by taking false oaths.”
[Muslim].

795. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “On the Day of Resurrection, Allah will not look at one who trails his lower garment, Qamees or turban arrogantly.”
[Abu Dawud and An-Nasa’i].

796. Abu Juraiy Jabir bin Sulaim (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I noticed a man whose opinion was followed by every body, and no one acted contrary to what he said. I asked who he was, and I was informed that he was Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). I said to him twice: “Alaikas-salam ya Rasul-Allah (may Allah render you safe).” He said, “Do not say: `Alaikas-salamu.’ This is the salutation to the dead (in Jahiliyyah times). Say, instead: `As-salamu `alaika (may Allah render you safe).”’ I asked: “Are you Messenger of Allah?” He replied, “(Yes) I am the Messenger of Allah, Who will remove your affliction when you are in trouble and call to Him, Who will cause food to grow for you when you are famine-stricken and call to Him, and Who will restore to you your lost riding beast in the desert when you call upon Him.” I said to him: “Give me instructions (to act upon).” He ((sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Do not abuse anyone.” (Since then I have never abused anyone, neither a freeman, nor a slave, nor a camel, nor a sheep). He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) continued, “Do not hold in contempt even an insignificant act of goodness, because even talking to your brother with a cheerful countenance is an act of goodness. Hold up your lower garment half way to the leg, and at least above the ankles; for trailing it is arrogance, and Allah dislikes pride. And if a man imputes to you of bad things he knows you possess, do not impute to him bad things that you know he has for he will assume the evil consequences of his abuse.”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

797. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to a man who was performing Salat while his lower garment was trailing, “Go and perform your Wudu’ again.” That man went and came back having performed it. The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said (again), “Go and perform your Wudu’.” Someone present said to Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam): “O Messenger of Allah! You ask him to perform his Wudu’ and then you kept silent (without saying the reason for it).” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He performed Salat while his lower garment was below his ankels. Allah does not accept the Salat of a man who trails his lower garment.”
[Abu Dawud].

798. Qais bin Bishr At-Taghlibi reported that his father, who attended the company of `Abud-Darda’ (May Allah be pleased with him) told him: There was a man in Damascus who was a Companion of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). He was called Ibn Al-Hanzaliyyah. He was a lonesome person and would rarely spend some time in the company of people. He would spend most of his time in performing Salat and when he finished, he would engage himself in Tasbih (Subhan-Allah) and Takbir (Allahu Akbar), till he would go home. He passed by us one day when we were sitting with Abud-Darda’ (May Allah be pleased with him). The latter said to him: “Tell us something which will benefit for us and will not harm you.” He said: “Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) sent a detachment. When they returned, one of them came to the assemblage in which Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was present and said to his neighbour during the conversation: `I wish you had seen us when we encountered the enemy. So-and-so (a believer) took up his spear, struck and said: Take this from me and I am the Ghifari boy. Now what do you think of this?’ The neighbour said: `I think that he lost his reward because of boasting.’ He said: `I see no harm in it.’ They began to exchange arguments till Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) heard them and said, `Subhan-Allah (Allah is free from every imperfection). He would be rewarded (in the Hereafter) and praised (in this world)’. I noticed that Abud-Darda’ (May Allah be pleased with him) felt a great pleasure at this remark and, raising his head began to repeat: “Have you heard Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) say this!” Ibn Al-Hanzaliyyah (May Allah be pleased with him) continued responding till I asked Abud-Darda’ (May Allah be pleased with him) not to annoy him.

Ibn Al-Hanzaliyyah (May Allah be pleased with him) happened to pass by us another day and Abud-Darda’ said to him: “Tell us something which will benefit us and will not harm you.” He said: “The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) told us, `He who spends to purchase a horse (for Jihad) is like one who extends his hand for spending out of charity without withholding it.”’

He passed by us another day and Abud-Darda’ (May Allah be pleased with him) said to him: “Tell us something which might benefit us, and will not harm you.” He said: “The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) once said, `Khuraim Al-Usaidi is an excellent man were it not of his long hair and his lower garment which is hanging down.’ When Khuraim heard about what the Prophet had said about him, he trimmed his long hair up to his ears with a knife and raised his lower garment half way on his shanks.”

On another occasion he passed by us and Abud-Darda’ (May Allah be pleased with him) said to him: “Tell us something that will benefit us and will not harm you.” He said that he heard Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) say, while coming back from an expedition: “You are returning to your brothers, so set your saddles and clothes in order so that you look tidy and graceful. Allah hates untidiness.”
[Abu Dawud].

799. Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The lower garment of a believer should be half way below the knees. He is guilty of no sin if they are up to the ankles. That which is below the ankles is in the Fire (of Hell). Allah will not look at one who allows his lower garment to trail out of vanity.
[Abu Dawud].

800. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: My lower garment was trailing as I passed by Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) so he said, “Raise your lower garment, Abdullah.” I lifted it up and he told me to raise it higher. I complied with his orders and as I was still trying to find the best place (for it), one of the people asked where it should reach and he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Half way down the knees.”
[Muslim].

801. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “On the Day of Resurrection, Allah will not look at the one who trails his lower garment out of arrogance.’‘ Umm Salamah (May Allah be pleased with her) asked: “What should women do with the hem of their clothes?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “They might lower them a hand’s span.” She said: “But their feet would still remain exposed.” He said, “Let them lower those equal to arm’s length but not more than that.”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

Excellence of giving up Elegant Clothes for Humility

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 120
Excellence of giving up Elegant Clothes for Humility

802. Mu`adh bin Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Whoever gives up wearing elegant and expensive garments out of humbleness, when he can do so, Allah will call him on the Day of Resurrection and before all the creations, He will give him the choice to wear whichever garment of Iman he would like to wear.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

Excellence of Adopting Moderation in Dress

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 121
Excellence of Adopting Moderation in Dress

803. `Amr bin Shu`aib on the authority of his father and grandfather reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Allah loves to see the sign of His Bounties on his slave.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

Excellence of Starting from the right side first while wearing a Dress(or a pair of Shoes)

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 126
Excellence of Starting from the right side first while wearing a Dress (or a
pair of Shoes)

(Ahadith concerning this chapter has already been narrated. See chapter 99)