Rhetorical Theology (al-kalaam) & Argumentation, Disputing & Self-amazement – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

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Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 48: Point 80
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

And know that heresy, disbelief, doubts, innovations, misguidance and confusion about the religion have not occurred except through rhetorical theology (al-kalaam) and the people of rhetorical theology and through argumentation, debating, disputing and self-amazement. And how can a man boldly enter into debating, disputing and argumentation when Allaah, the Most High says:

مَا يُجَادِلُ فِي آيَاتِ اللَّهِ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ كَفَرُو

None dispute regarding the aayaat of Allaah except those who disbelieve.(Soorah-Ghaafir (40), aayah 4)

So, upon you is to submit and to be pleased and satisfied with the narrations and to withhold and remain silent.[1]

[Souncloud Audio Link

Transcribed Audio:

Explanation of this has preceded and a warning against it.[2]

His saying, “So what is upon you is to submit and to be pleased and satisfied with the narrations and to withhold and remain silent.” Upon you is to submit to the speech of Allaah and to the speech of His Messenger and to withhold from argumentation and raising doubts because that is prohibited. Indeed it will increase confusion. Take hold of the speech of Allaah and the speech of His Messenger and be satisfied with that so that you are guided and therefore be at peace from whisperings, doubts and false ideas and you will come to be upon clear insight. So Allaah sent down this Qur’aan as a clarification of everything.[3]

Footnotes:

[1] Translator’s side point: With regard to al-kalaam (rhetorical theology) then Shaykh Saalih as-Suhaymee hafizahullaah said with regard to the meaning of kalaam; it means logic.

[2] Translator’s side point: Page 125, for this 1st volume, point number 11.

Listen to these Points at the below Links:

Point 10: Al-kalaam (theological rhetoric), arguing, debating and disputing are newly introduced affairs

Point 11: Speculative speech (kalaam) about Allaah, the Most High, is an innovation and misguidance

[3] Translator’s side point: Explanation of Shaykh Ahmad an-Najmee rahimahullaah then he said: The author said, “And you should know that there has not been any heresy or any disbelief,” I say, “Restricting heresy to be a result of al-kalaam (rhetorical theology) and to the people of rhetorical theology and to the people of disputing and argumentation, this refers to what’s mostly the case. However, indeed there are cases of heresy and disbelief, which come about for other reasons besides kalaam (rhetorical theology). And we seek Allaah’s refuge from all the causes of heresy and disbelief and doubts and innovations, Aameen. However, this is what is generally the case with regard to a person who learns kalaam (rhetorical theology) and those who learn the different forms of debating and argumentation and self-amazement. And what is obligatory is to not be amazed at one’s self. And a person’s being outstanding in debating and argumentation is something which is blameworthy in the legislation unless it is to make the truth clear. And there occurs in the authentic hadeeth from the ahaadeeth of `Aa`ishah radiyAllaahu `anhaa that the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said that:

“The most hated of men to Allaah is the argumentative quarrelsome person.”

Reported by Al-Bukhaariyy (2457) and Muslim (2668).

And in the narration of At-Tirmithee:

“Allaah hates that person who is very eloquent from the men, the one who moves his tongue around just as the cows move their tongues around.”

Reported by Tirmithee (2,853) and declared saheeh (authentic) by Shaykh Al-Albaaniyy.

And then the author rahimahullaah said, How can a person be bold upon argumentation and disputing when Allaah says:

مَا يُجَادِلُ فِي آيَاتِ اللَّهِ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ كَفَرُو

None dispute regarding the aayaat of Allaah except those who disbelieve.(Soorah-Ghaafir (40), aayah 4)

So upon you is to submit and to be pleased and satisfied with the narrations and to withhold and be silent.”

And I say – what is befitting for the Muslim is to submit to whatever comes from Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, in His Book and upon the tongue of His Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and to withhold and be silent whatever is besides that knowing that submission to what occurs from the bringer of the legislation sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam should be a submission of ridaa (being pleased and satisfied) and based upon acceptance and eemaan and attesting to the truth, acting upon whatever requires action from it and believing whatever it necessitates that we believe in. Allaah, the Most High said:

وَالْعَصْرِ
إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ لَفِي خُسْرٍ
إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْحَقِّ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ

By time, mankind is in loss except those who have eemaan (truly believe) and work righteous and correct deeds and they encourage each other with the truth and they encourage each other with patience. (Sooratul-Asr, aayah 1-3)

And the meaning of `aamanoo is saddaqoo: they believe and attest to the truth.

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Transcribed by Saima Zaher.

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

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