The Wudhoo (Ablution) – Abdul-Azeem ibn Badawee al-Khalafee | Dawud Burbank

PURIFICATION FOR THE PRAYER (AT-TAHAARAH LISSALAAT):

From Ibn `Umar –radiyallaahu `anhumaa– who said: I heard the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) say: <<Prayer will not be accepted without purification.>> [01]

Contents:

  • The Wudoo : It’s Description
  • The Conditions (Shuroot) of Wudoo for Its Correctness
  • Obligations (Faraa’id) of Wudoo
  • Sunnahs of Wudoo
  • The Things Which Nullify the Wudoo
  • That Which the Wudoo Is Obligatory for (What Is Forbidden for the Person Whose State of Purification Is Broken)
  • That Which the Wudoo Is Recommended For

THE WUDOO·:

Its description:

From Humraan-the mawlaa (freed-slave) of `Uthmaan: that `Uthmaan ibn `Affaan radiyallaahu `anhu– called for some water for wudoo and he performed the wudoo .

So he washed his hands three times; then he washed his mouth and washed out his nose; then he washed his face three times; then he washed his right arm up to and including the elbow three times; then he washed his left arm likewise; then he wiped his head; then he washed his right foot up to and including the ankle three times; then he washed the left one likewise.

Then he said: “I saw Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) perform wudoo with the like of this wudoo of mine. Then Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said:Whoever performs wudoo like this wudoo of mine, and he prays two rak`ahs-not conversing with himself in them, then his previous sins will be forgiven for him.”” Ibn Shihaab said: “Our scholars used to say: This wudoo is the most complete wudoo which anyone can make for the Prayer.” [02]

THE CONDITIONS (SHUROOT) FOR ITS CORRECTNESS:

1- The intention (an-Niyyah):

Because of his (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) saying: Actions are but by intentions, [03] and it is not legislated to utter it in words, since it is not established from the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam).

2- Mentioning Allaah’s name (at-Tasmiyah):

Because of his (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) saying: There is no Prayer for the one who does not have wudoo, and there is no wudoo· for the one who does not mention Allaah’s name upon it.” [04]

3- Continuity (al-Muwaalaat):[05]

Because of the hadeeth of Khaalid ibn Ma`daan: [from one of the Companions of the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) that the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) saw a man praying with a dry spot the size of a dirham, which water had not touched. So the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) ordered him to repeat the wudoo· and the Prayer. [06]

ITS OBLIGATIONS (FARAA’ID):

1- Washing the face, and from it is washing the mouth (al-Madmadah) and washing out the nose (al-Istinshaaq).
2- Washing the two arms up to the elbows.[07]
3- Wiping the whole of the head; and the ears are from the head.
4- Washing the feet up to and including the ankles: because of His Saying -He the Most High:

[..and your feet up to and including the ankles].
[Sooratul-Maa·idah (5):6]

[[Meaning: O you who believe! When you stand to pray, wash your faces and your arms up to and including the elbows, and wipe your heads,]]

As for the washing of the mouth (al-Madmadah) and the washing out of the nose (alIstinshaaq) being from the face, such that they are obligatory, then this is because Allaah -the Perfect- commanded the washing of the face in His Mighty Book; and it is established that the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) continually practised that in every wudoo, and it was reported by all those who reported his (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) wudoo· and explained its description. So this shows that the washing of the face which has been commanded in the Qur’aan includes washing the mouth and washing out the nose. [08]

And there occurs a command for the two of them in his (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) saying: “When one of you performs wudoo, then let him put water into his nose and then let him blow it out.”,[09] and his (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) saying: “Exert in sniffing water into the nose, unless you are fasting”,[10] and his (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) saying: “When you perform wudoo, then wash your mouth.” [11]

As for the obligation of wiping over the whole of the head, then this is because the command in the Qur’aan to wipe is left unspecified (mujmal). So the Sunnah is referred to for its clarification, and it is established in the two Saheehs and elsewhere that the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) wiped the whole of his head. So this contains a proof that it is obligatory to wipe the head completely.

So then if it is said: It is established from a hadeeth of al-Mugheerah that the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) wiped over his forelock and upon his turban (`imaamah), then the response is: he only restricted himself to wiping the forelock because he completed the rest of the wiping of the head upon the turban, and we hold this as our saying; and there is no proof in it for the permissibility of limiting the wiping to the forelock, or to a part of the head, without completing it upon the turban.[12]

So in summary it is obligatory to wipe the whole of the head; and the person who wipes may wipe upon the head only, or upon the turban only, or upon the head and turban. All of this is authentic and established.

As for the two ears being from the head, such that it is obligatory to wipe them, then it is because of his (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) saying: “The two ears are from the head.” [13]

7- Rubbing the wetted fingers through the beard:

Because of the hadeeth of Anas ibn Maalik radiyallaahu `anhu that when Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) performed wudoo he used to take a handful of water and enter it under his chin, and he would rub it through his beard, and say “This is what my Lord -the Mighty and Majestic- has commanded.” [14]

8- Entering the wet fingers between the fingers and toes:

Because of his (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) saying: “Complete the wudoo·, and rub between the fingers and toes, and exert in entering water into the nose unless you are fasting.”[15]

ITS SUNNAHS:

1- The siwaak (tooth-stick):

From Aboo Hurayrah radiyallaahu `anhu who said: Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said:

“If it were not that I would make a difficulty upon my nation I would have commanded them to use the siwaak with every wudoo·.”[16]

2- Washing the hands three times at the beginning of the wudoo·:

Because of what is established from `Uthmaan -radiyallaahu `anhu, that when he showed how the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) performed wudoo·, he washed his hands three times.[17]

3- Combining the washing of the mouth and the washing of the nose three times, each with a single handful:

Because of what occurs in the hadeeth of `Abdullaah ibn Zayd -radiyallaahu `anhu when he taught the people how Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) performed the wudoo·: that he washed his mouth and washed his nose from a single handful, and he did that three times.[18]

4- Exerting in these two, for the one who is not fasting:

Because of his (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) saying: “Exert in sniffing water into the nose, unless you are fasting.”[19]

5- Giving precedence to the right side over the left side:

Because of the hadeeth of `Aa·ishah –radiyallaahu `anhaa-: “Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) used to like to begin with the right side, when putting on shoes, and when combing his hair, and in his purification, and in all his affairs.”[20]

And because of what occurs in the hadeeth of `Uthmaan, when he showed how the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) performed wudoo·: that he washed the right side and then the left.

6- Rubbing (water upon the body parts):

Because of the hadeeth of `Abdullaah ibn Zayd: that two thirds of a handful of water was brought to the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) so he rubbed his forearms.[21]

7- Washing three times:

Because of the hadeeth of `Uthmaan: that the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) performed the wudoo, washing each part three times; and it is authentic that he (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) performed wudoo· washing each part once; and washing each part twice. [22]

And it is recommended to repeat the wiping of the head sometimes: because of what is authentic from `Uthmaan that he performed wudoo·, and he wiped his head three times, and he said: “I saw Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) perform wudoo· like this.”[23]

8- (Keeping to) the order (at-Tarteeb):

Since this was what Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) generally did, as is reported by those who reported his (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) wudoo·.

However it is authentic from al-Miqdaam ibn Ma`deekarib: “That he brought some water for wudoo· for Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) So he performed wudoo·, and he washed his hands three times, and he washed his face three times; then he washed his forearms three times; then he washed his mouth and washed out his nose three times; then he wiped his head and his ears…”, the hadeeth.[24]

9- Making supplication (du`aa·) after it:

Because of his (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) saying:

“There is not one of you who performs wudoo·, and completes the wudoo·, and then says:

أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ، وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّداً عَبْدُهُ وَرَسُولُهُ

(Ashhadu an laa ilaaha illallaah, wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, wa ashhadu anna Muhammadan `abduhu wa rasooluhu)

‘I testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone, having no partner; and I testify that Muhammad is His Slave and His Messenger’,

except that the eight gates of Paradise are opened for him: he may enter through whichever of them he pleases.”[25]

at-Tirmidhee added:

اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِي مِنَ التَّوَّابِينَ وَاجْعَلْنِي مِنَ الْمُتَطَهِّرِينَ

(Allaahummaj `alnee minat-Tawwaabeena waj`alnee minal- Mutatahhireen)

‘O Allaah! Make me from those who constantly repent, and make me from those who purify themselves.’[26]

And from Aboo Sa`eed that the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said:

“Whoever performs wudoo· and says:

سبْحانَك اللَّهُمّ وبحَمْدكَ أشْهدُ أنْ لا إله إلا أنْت أسْتغْفِركَ وَأتَوبُ إليْك

(Subhaanakallaahumma wa bihamdika, ashhadu an laa ilaaha illaa Anta, astaghfiruka wa atoobu ilaika)

‘ I declare You free of all imperfections, and all praise is for You. I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but you. I seek Your forgiveness, and I turn in repentance to You’,

then it is written upon a parchment, then it is sealed with a seal, and it is not broken until the Day of Resurrection.”[27]

10- Praying the two rak`ahs after it – because of the saying of `Uthmaan, after he taught them the description of the wudoo· of Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam)

“I saw the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) perform wudoo· with the like of this wudoo·, and the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever performs wudoo· with the like of this wudoo·; then he stands and prays two rak`ahs, not conversing with himself in them, then his previous sins are forgiven.”[28]

And from Aboo Hurayrah: that the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said to Bilaal, at the time of the Dawn Prayer: “O Bilaal! Tell me about the action which you have done in Islaam which gives you the most hope, for I have heard your footsteps in front of me in Paradise.”

He said: “I have not done any action which gives me greater hope than the fact that I have never purified myself at any hour of the night or the day except that I prayer what was written for me to pray with that purification.”[29]

THE THINGS WHICH NULLIFY THE WUDOO·:

1. That which comes out of the two pathways (the genitals and the anus) from excrement, urine, and wind.

Due to the Saying of Allaah- the Most High:

[[Meaning: Or if one of you comes from the toilet]],
[Sooratul-Maa·idah (5):6]

and it is an expression which means relieving oneself.

And due to the saying of the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) “Allaah will not accept the Prayer of any one of you who breaks his purification until he performs wudoo·.”

So a man from Hadramawt said: “What is ‘breaking purification’ (hadath), O Aboo Hurayrah?’’ He said: “Breaking wind noiselessly or with a sound.’’[30]

It is likewise nullified by discharge of pre-seminal fluid (al-Madhee) and al-Wadee.[31]

From Ibn `Abbaas -radiyallaahu `anhu)maa- who said: “al-Manee, and al-Wadee and al-Madhee. As for al-Manee (semen) then it is that which necessitates taking a bath (ghusl). As for ‘al-Wadee’ and al-Madhee (pre-seminal fluid), then he said: Wash your penis, or the parts of your penis, and perform the wudoo as you would do for the Prayer.’’ [32]

2. Sleep which overwhelms, such that no consciousness remains with him, whether he is sitting with his buttocks firmly on the ground or not.

Because of the hadeeth of Safwaan ibn `Assaal who said: “Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) used to command us that when we were on a journey that we should not take off our leather socks for three days along with their nights, except from janaabah. [33] However from excrement, and urine, and sleep.” [34]

So the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) equated sleep with urinating and voiding excrement. From `Alee radiyallaahu `anhu who said “The eye is the tying string (wikaa·) for the anus (as-Sah), so whoever sleeps then let him perform wudoo·.”[35]

And the wikaa·, with a kasrah on the waaw, is the string which is used to tie a leather bag.

And the sah, with a fathah on the seen -which is without dots, and with a kasrah on the haah -which is without shaddah is the anus. And the meaning is that being awake is the tying-string for the anus, i.e. guarding that which is contained within it from coming out, since as long as he is awake he will feel that which comes out from it. [36]

3. Loss of consciousness through intoxication or illness:

Because unconsciousness through these causes is more profound than when it results from sleep.[37]

4. Touching the uncovered genitals, if it is done with desire:

Because of his (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) saying: “Whoever touches his penis, then let him perform wudoo·”[38]

And his (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) saying: “Is it not except a part of you.” [39] So it is just a part of you if there is no desire attached to the touching, because in this condition it is possible to see the resemblance of touching that part with touching any other part of the body. Contrary to when he touches it with desire, for then touching it will not resemble touching any other part, because that will not normally be connected to desire. And this matter is clear, as you can see.[40]

5. Eating camel meat:

Because the hadeeth of al-Baraa· ibn `Aazib -radiyallaahu `anhu(maa)- who said: Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said: “Perform wudoo· from camel meat, and do not perform wudoo· from meat of sheep.”[41]

And from Jaabir ibn Samurahradiyallaahu `anhu : That a man asked the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) Should I perform wudoo· from eating the meat of sheep?” He said: “If you wish then perform wudoo·, and if you wish then don’t perform wudoo·.” He said: “Should I perform wudoo· from the meat of camels. He said: “ Yes, perform wudoo· from the meat of camels.” [42]

THAT WHICH THE WUDOO· IS OBLIGATORY FOR (WHAT IS FORBIDDEN FOR THE PERSON WHOSE STATE OF PURIFICATION IS BROKEN):

1. The Prayer:

Because of His Saying, He -the Most High:

[[Meaning: O you who believe! When you stand up intending to pray, then wash your faces…]], the Aayah. [Sooratul Maa·idah (5):6]

Due to the saying of the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) that Allaah will not accept a Prayer without Purification.” [43]

2. Performing Tawaaf around the House:

Due to his (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) saying: “Tawaaf around the House is Prayer, except that Allaah has made speech permissible in it.”[44]

THAT WHICH THE WUDOO· IS RECOMMENDED FOR:

1. The remembrance of Allaah- the Mighty and Majestic:

Because of the hadeeth of al-Muhaajir ibn Qunfudh, that he gave the greeting of Salaam to the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) whilst he was urinating, and he did not respond to him until he had performed wudoo·. Then he responded to him, and he said:

“I was not prevented from responding to you except by the fact that I disliked to make mention of Allaah except upon purification..”[45]

2. Sleep:

Because of what al-Baraa· ibn Aazib -radiyallaahu `anhu(maa)- said: The Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said:

“When one of you go to your bed then perform wudoo as you would perform wudoo· for the prayer. Then lie down upon your right-hand side, then say:

“O Allaah I have submitted my soul to You, and I have turned my face to You, and I have entrusted my affair to You, and I have placed my dependence upon You, hoping and having fear in You. There is no shelter and no place of safety from You except towards You. O Allaah, I believe in Your Book which You sent down and in Your Prophet who You sent.”

So if you die on that night of yours , then you will be upon the fitrah (the true Religion), and make them the last things you speak with.”[46]

3. The Junub (The person who is in a state of Janaabah):

When he wants to eat or drink or sleep or repeat the act of intercourse: From `Aa·ishah- radiyallaahu `anhaa- that she said that the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) when he was junub, and he wanted to eat or sleep, would perform wudoo· in the way in which he performed wudoo· for the Prayer. [47]

And from `Ammaar ibn Yaasir -radiyallaahu `anhu(maa)- that the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) gave concession for the junub, when he wanted to eat or drink or sleep, that he could perform wudoo· in the manner in which he performs wudoo· for the Prayer.[48]

And from Aboo Sa`eedradiyallaahu `anhu from the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) that he said:

“When one of you has relations with his wife and then he wants to repeat, then let him perform wudoo·.”[49]

4. Before taking a ghusl (bath), whether it is one which is obligatory or one which is recommended:

From `Aa·ishah- radiyallaahu `anhaa- who said:

‘‘When Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) used to take a bath from janaabah he would begin with washing his hands. Then he would pour water with his right hand over his left hand and wash his genitals, then he would perform wudoo· in the manner in which he performed wudoo· for the Prayer.’[50]

5. Eating that which has been touched by fire (eating cooked food):

Because of the hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrahradiyallaahu `anhu who said: I heard Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) saying: “Perform wudoo· from that which has been touched by fire.”[51]

And it is taken to be a recommendation because of the hadeeth of `Ammaar ibn `Umayyah ad-Damree who said: I saw the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) cutting some meat from the shoulder of a sheep and he ate from it, then he was called to the Prayer. So he got up, and threw down the knife, and prayed and he did not perform wudoo·.[52]

6. For every Prayer:

Because of the hadeeth of Buraydah radiyallaahu `anhu who said: ‘The Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) used to perform wudoo· for every Prayer. Then, when it was the Day of the Conquest, he performed wudoo·, and he wiped over his leather socks, and he prayed the Prayers with a single wudoo·. So `Umar said to him: “O Messenger of Allaah! You have done something which you had not used to do.” So he said: “ I did it deliberately, O `Umar.”[53]

7. Every time that purification is broken:

Because of the hadeeth of Buraydah radiyallaahu `anhu who said Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) entered the morning one day, and he called for Bilaal, and said:

“O Bilaal on account of what have you preceded me in Paradise? Last night I entered Paradise and I heard the sound of your footsteps in front of me.”

Bilaal said: “O Messenger of Allaah! I have never given the adhaan except that I prayed two rak`ahs; and my purification was never broken except that I then performed wudoo·. So Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said: “Because of this.”[54]

8. From vomiting:

Because of the hadeeth of Ma`daan ibn Abee Talhah: from Abud-Dardaa·: that Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) vomited, so he broke his fast, and he performed wudoo·. He said: So I met Thawbaan in the mosque of Damascus, and I mentioned that to him. So he said: ‘He has spoken the truth. I poured the water out for him to make wudoo·.’[55]

9. Whoever carries a dead person:

Because of his (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) saying: “Whoever washes a dead person, then let him take a bath; and whoever carries him, then let him perform wudoo·.”[56]

Footnotes:

[01] Saheeh: Mukhtasar Muslim (104); Muslim (1/204/224), at-Tirmidhee (1/3/1)

[02] Agreed upon: Muslim (1/204/226)-and this is his wording, al-Bukhaaree (1/266/164), Aboo Daawwood (1/180/ 106), an-Nasaa.ee (1/64).

[03] Agreed upon: al-Bukhaaree (1/9/1), Muslim (3/1515/1907), Aboo Daawood (6/284/2186), at-Tirmidhee (3/100/1698), Ibn Maajah (2/1413/4227), an-Nasaa·ee (1/59).

[04] Hasan: Saheeh Ibn Maajah (320); Aboo Daawood (1/174/101), Ibn Maajah (1/140/399).

[05] Shaikh al-Fawzaan said in ‘Tasheelul-Ilmaam’ (1/147):

“The jurists say ‘al-Muwaalaat’ (continuity) is that the person does not delay washing a body part to such an extent that the previous one has dried-in a moderate amount of time. So if he delays it until the previous body part has become dry, then it is obligatory upon him to repeat (the whole wudoo) [transl.].

[06]Saheeh: Saheeh Abee Daawood (no. 161); Aboo Daawood (1/296/175).

[07] ash-Shaafi`ee said in ‘al-Umm’ (1/25):

“The washing of the arms will not be sufficiently accomplished at all unless it includes everything which lies between the tips of the fingers up to the washing of the elbows; and it will not be sufficient until he washes the front, the back, and the sides of them; such that he washes them completely. If he leaves anything from this, even a small amount, it will not suffice.”

[08] as-Saylul-Jarraar (1/81)

[09] Saheeh: Saheehul-Jaami` (no. 443); Aboo Daawood (1/234/140), an-Nasaa·ee (1/66).

[10] Saheeh: Saheeh Abee Daawood (no. 129); Aboo Daawood (1/236/142)

[11] Saheeh: Saheeh Abee Daawood (no. 131); Aboo Daawood (1/236/144)

[12] Tafseer Ibn Katheer (2/24)-with slight paraphrasing.

[13] Saheeh: Saheeh Ibn Maajah (no. 357); Ibn Maajah (1/152/443)

[14] Saheeh: al-Irwaa· (no. 92); Aboo Daawood (1/243/145), al-Bayhaqee (1/54).

[15] Saheeh: Saheeh Abee Daawood (no. 129); Aboo Daawood (1/236/142)

[16] Saheeh: Saheehul-Jaami` (5317); Ahmad (1/294/171)

[17] Agreed upon: Muslim (1/204/226)-and this is his wording; al-Bukhaaree (1/266/164), Aboo Daawood (1/180/106), an-Nasaa.ee (1/64).

[18] Saheeh: Mukhtasar Muslim (no. 125); Muslim (1/210/235)

[19] Saheeh: Saheeh Abee Daawood (no. 129); Aboo Daawood (1/236/142)

[20] Agreed upon: al-Bukhaaree (1/269/168), Muslim (1/226/268) and (11/199/4122), an-Nasaa.ee (1/78).

[21] Its chain of narration is ‘Saheeh’, Saheeh Ibn Khuzaymah (1/62/118)

[22] Hasan Saheeh: Saheeh Abee Daawood (no.124); al-Bukhaaree (1/258/158) from a hadeeth of `Abdullaah ibn Zayd; and Aboo Daawood (1/230/136) and at-Tirmidhee (1/31/43) reported it from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah.

[23] Hasan Saheeh: Saheeh Abee Daawood no.101); Aboo Daawood (1/188/110)

[24] Saheeh: Saheeh Abee Daawood: (no. 112); Aboo Daawood (1/211/121)

[25] Saheeh: Mukhtasar Muslim (143); Muslim (1/209/234).

[26] Saheeh: Saheeh at- Tirmidhee (no. 48); at-Tirmidhee (1/38/55)

[27] Saheeh: at-Targheeb (no. 220); al-Haakim (1/564); and there is nothing authentic concerning supplication during the wudoo

[28] Agreed upon: Muslim (1/204/226)-and this is his wording, al-Bukhaaree (1/266/164), Aboo Daawood (1/180/106), an-Nasaa.ee (1/64)

[29] Agreed upon: al-Bukhaaree (3/34/1149), Muslim (4/1910/2457)

[30] Agreed upon: al-Bukhaaree (1/234/no.135), al-Bayhaqee(1/117), Ahmad (2/75/352), and the basis of the hadeeth occurs with others without the addition: Muslim (1/204/no. 225),Aboo Daawood (1/87/60), and at-Tirmidhee (1/150/76).

[31] Wadee is a thick white fluid which may come out after urination (Fiqhus-Sunnah: 1/24)

[32] Saheeh:…al-Bayhaqee (1/115).

[33] The state resulting from sexual intercourse, wet-dreams, or orgasm, and which necessitates a bath (ghusl).(transl.)

[34] Hasan: Saheeh Sunanin-Nasaa.ee(123), Sunan at-Tirmidhee (1/65/69), Sunan an-Nasaa.ee (1/84).

[35] Hasan: Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah (386), Sunan Ibn Maajah (1/161/477), Sunan Abee Daawood (1/347/200) with its like.

[36] Naylul-Awtaar: (1/242).

[37] Ibn al-Mundhir in ‘al-Awsat’ (1/155),and an-Nawawee in his explanation of Saheeh Muslim mention that there is consensus (ijmaa`) of the scholars that unconsciousness nullifies the wudoo (transl.)

[38] Saheeh: Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah (388), Sunan Abee Daawood (1/307/179), Sunan Ibn Maajah (1/161/479), Sunan an-Nasaa·ee (1/100), Sunan at-Tirmidhee (1/55/no.82)-with the addition :” …so let him not pray until he has performed wudoo·.”

[39] Saheeh: Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah (392), Sunan Abee Daawood (1/312/180), Sunan Ibn Maajah (1/163/483), Sunan an-Nasaa·ee (1/101), ), Sunan at-Tirmidhee (1/56/85).

[40] Tamaamul-Minnah (p. 103).

[41] Saheeh: Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah (401), Sunan Abee Daawood (1/315/182), Sunan at-Tirmidhee (1/54/81), Sunan Ibn Maajah (1/166/494)-in abridged form.

[42]Saheeh: Mukhtasar Muslim: (no.146), Muslim (1/275/360).

[43] Saheeh: Mukhtasar Muslim (104); Muslim (1/204/224), at-Tirmidhee (1/3/1)

[44] Saheeh: [Saheehul-Jaami`is-Sagheer (3954)], Sunan at-Tirmidhee (2/217/967)

[45] Saheeh: Saheeh Sunan Ibn Maajah (28), Sunan Abee Daawood (1/34/17), Sunan Ibn Maajah (1/126/350), Sunan an-Nasaa.ee (1/37), and he does not report the portion traced back to the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alaihi wassallam )

[46] Agreed upon: Saheehul-Bukhaaree (11/109/6311), Muslim (4/2081/271).

[47] Saheeh: [Abridgement of Muslim (162), Muslim (1/248-22-305), Sunan an-Nasaa·ee (1/138), Sunan Abee Daawood (1/374/221)

[48] Saheeh: Sunan Abee Daawood (1/375/222). – Declared da`eef (weak) by Shaikh al-Albaanee because of a hidden defect (`illah) [Da`eef Sunan Abee Daawood: (no.29)] (transl.)

[49] Saheeh: Saheehul-Jaami`is-Sagheer (263), Muslim (1/249/308), Sunan Abee Daawood (1/371/217), Sunan atTirmidhee (1/94/141), Sunan an-Nasaa·ee (1/142), Sunan Ibn Maajah (1/193/587).

[50] Saheeh:[Abridgement of Muslim (155), Saheeh Muslim (1/253/316)

[51] Saheeh:[Abridgement of Muslim (147), Saheeh Muslim (1/272/352), Sunan an-Nasaa.ee (1/105)

[52] Saheeh: [Abridgement (148), Saheeh Muslim (1/274-93-355),

[53] Saheeh: Mukhtasar Muslim (142); Muslim (1/232/277), Aboo Daawood (1/292/171), at-Tirmidhee (1/42/61), anNasaa.ee (1/86)

[54] Saheeh: Saheehul-Jaami` (7894); at-Tirmidhee (5/282/3772)

The full answer of Bilaal as reported by at-Tirmidhee was: “O Messenger of Allaah! I never gave the adhaan except that I prayed two rak`ahs; and I never broke my purification except that I then performed wudoo, and I held that Allaah was due two rak`ahs from me.’’

[55] Its chain of narration is Saheeh: Tamaamul-Minnah (p.111); at-Tirmidhee (1/58/87), Aboo Daawood (7/8/2364)- and he does not have: “and he performed wudoo”

[56] Saheeh: al-Janaa·iz (53): Ahmad (2/145/486), Ibn Hibbaan (191/751), al-Bayhaqee (1/300), at-Tirmidhee (2/231/998), with its meaning; and what is apparent from the order is that it brings about obligation. However we do not say that because of the hadeeth of Ibn `Abbaas that the Prophet (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) said: “You do not have to take the bath for washing your dead, when you have washed him; for your dead person is not impure. So it is sufficient for you to wash your hands.” It was reported by al-Haakim (1/386), and al-Bayhaqee (3/398). Slightly adapted from ‘Ahkaamul-Janaa·iz’ of al-Albaanee (p. 53)

SourceAl-Wajeez, The Book Of Purification  –  Abdul-`Azeem ibn Badawee al-Khalafee, Translated by Abu Talhah Dawood Burbank .

An excellent book on the rules and regulations of various acts of worship, with evidences from the Book and Sunnah. This chapter deals with water and aspects of purification, wudhoo, ghusl, the toilet etc

Tahara Index Pagehttps://abdurrahman.org/tahara-purification/