Restraining yawning – The Permanent Committee

Q 3: I heard a man saying that when he yawns, he covers his mouth so that Satan may not enter inside him. He attributed this to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and claimed that it was mentioned in the Sahih (authentic) Book of Muslim. Is this true? 

A: It is Mustahab (desirable) for those who yawn to restrain it as much as possible and cover their mouths. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said,

When one of you yawns, you should try to restrain it with the help of your hand, since it is Satan that enters therein. Narrated by Muslim.

In another narration, You should cover your mouth with your hand and not yawn in a loud voice, as Satan will laugh at you if you do so.  

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
 http://alifta.com/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=10375&PageNo=1&BookID=7

Ascertainment of what one Hears and Narrates

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 262
Ascertainment of what one Hears and Narrates

Allah, the Exalted, says:

And follow not (O man, i.e., say not or do not or witness not) that of which you have no knowledge.” (17:36)

Not a word does he (or she) utter, but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it).” (50:18)

1547. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “It is enough for a man to prove himself a liar when he goes on narrating whatever he hears.”
[Muslim].

1548. Samurah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who relates from me something which he deems false is one of the liars.”
[Muslim]

1549. Asma’ (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: A woman came to the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and said: “I have a co-wife. “Is there any harm for me if I give her the false impression of getting something from my husband which he has not in fact given me?” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The one who creates a false impression of receiving what one has not been given is like one who wears two garments of falsehood.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Obligation of Jihad

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 234
Obligation of Jihad

Allah, the Exalted, says:

And fight against the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) collectively as they fight against you collectively. But know that Allah is with those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious).” (9:36)

Jihad (holy fighting in Allah’s Cause) is ordained for you (Muslims) though you dislike it, and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know.” (2:216)

March forth, whether you are light (being healthy, young and wealthy) or heavy (being ill, old and poor), and strive hard with your wealth and your lives in the Cause of Allah” (9:41)

Verily, Allah has purchased of the believers their lives and their properties for (the price) that theirs shall be the Jannah. They fight in Allah’s Cause, so they kill (others) and are killed. It is a promise in truth which is binding on Him in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel) and the Qur’an. And who is truer to his covenant than Allah? Then rejoice in the bargain which you have concluded. That is the supreme success.” (9:111)

Not equal are those of the believers who sit (at home), except those who are disabled (by injury or are blind or lame), and those who strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah with their wealth and their lives. Allah has preferred in grades those who strive hard and fight with their wealth and their lives above those who sit (at home). Unto each, Allah has promised good (Jannah), but Allah has preferred those who strive hard and fight, above those who sit (at home) by a huge reward. Degrees of (higher) grades from Him, and forgiveness and mercy. And Allah is Ever Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (4:95, 96)

O you who believe! Shall I guide you to a trade that will save you from a painful torment? That you believe in Allah and His Messenger (Muhammad (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)), and that you strive hard and fight in the Cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives: that will be better for you, if you but know! (If you do so) He will forgive you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow, and pleasant dwellings in `Adn (Eden) Jannah; that is indeed the great success. And also (He will give you) another (blessing) which you love: help from Allah (against your enemies) and a near victory. And give glad tidings (O Muhammad (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)) to the believers.” (61:10-13)

The Qur’anic Ayat relating to the subject under study are many. The Ahadith are also many; these include the following:

1285.   Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was asked, “Which deed is the best?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Faith in Allah and His Messenger.” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was asked, “What is next?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Jihad (holy fighting) in the Cause of Allah.” Then he was asked: “What is after that (in goodness)?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Hajj Mabrur (which is accepted by Allah).”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1286.   Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I asked the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam): “Which action is dearest to Allah?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Performing As-Salat (the prayer) at its earliest fixed time.” I asked, “What is next (in goodness)?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Kindness towards parents.” I asked, “What is next (in goodness)?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “To participate in Jihad in the Cause of Allah.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1287.  Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was asked: “Which deed is the best?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Faith in Allah and Jihad (fighting, struggle) in the Cause of Allah.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1288.  Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Verily! Setting out in the early morning or in the evening in order to fight in Allah’s way is better than the world and what it contains.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1289.   Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man came to the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and said, “Who is the best among men?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “A believer who strives in the way of Allah with his wealth and life.” The man asked again, “Who is next to him (in excellence)?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Next to him is a man who is engaged in worshipping his Rubb in a mountain valley, leaving the people secure from his mischief.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1290.  Sahl bin Sa`d (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Observing Ribat (e.g., guarding the Islamic frontier for the sake of Allah) for a single day is far better than the world and all that it contains. A place in Jannah as small as the whip of your horse is far better than the world and all that it contains. An endeavour (fighting) in the Cause of Allah in the evening or in the morning is far better than the world and all that it contains.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1291.   Salman (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) as saying, “Observing Ribat in the way of Allah for a day and a night is far better than observing Saum (fasting) for a whole month and standing in Salat (prayer) in all its nights. If a person dies (while performing this duty), he will go on receiving his reward for his meritorious deeds perpetually, and he will be saved from Al-Fattan.”
[Muslim].

1292.  Fadalah bin `Ubaid (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The actions of every dead person come to a halt with his death except the one who is on the frontier in Allah’s way (i.e., observing Ribat). This latter’s deeds will be made to go on increasing for him till the Day of Resurrection, and he will be secure from the trials in the grave.”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

1293.  `Uthman (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying: “Spending a day on the frontier in Allah’s way is better than one thousand days in any other place.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

1294.   Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Allah guarantees that he who goes out to fight in His way believing in Him and affirming the truth of His Messenger, will either be admitted to Jannah or will be brought back to his home (safely) from where he has set out, with whatever reward or share of booty he may have gained. By Him in Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is, if a person is wounded in the way of Allah, he will come on the Day of Resurrection with his wound in the same condition as it was on the day when he received it; its colour will be the colour of blood but its smell will be the smell of musk. By Him in Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is, if it were not to be too hard upon the Muslims, I would not lag behind any expedition to fight in the Cause of Allah, but I have neither abundant means to provide them conveyance (horses) nor all other Muslims have it, and it will be hard on them to remain behind when I go forth (for Jihad). By Him in Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is, I love to fight in the way of Allah and get killed, to fight again and get killed and to fight again and get killed.”
[Muslim].

1295.  Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Whoever is wounded while fighting in the way of Allah, will come on the Day of Resurrection with blood oozing from his wound having the colour of blood but with the fragrance of musk.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1296.   Muadh (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Jannah becomes incumbent for a Muslim who fights for the Cause of Allah for a period as long as the time between two consecutive turns of milking a she-camel. He who receives a wound or a bruise in the Cause of Allah will appear on the Day of Resurrection as fresh as possible, its colour will be the colour of saffron and its fragrance will be that of musk.”
[At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].

1297.  Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: One of the Prophet’s Companions came upon a valley containing a rivulet of fresh water and was delighted by it. He reflected: `I wish to withdraw from people and settle in this valley; but I won’t do so without the permission of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam).’ This was mentioned to the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and he said (to the man), “Do not do that, for when any of you remains in Allah’s way, it is better for him than performing Salat (prayer) in his house for seventy years. Do you not wish that Allah should forgive you and admit you to Jannah? Fight in Allah’s way, for he who fights in Allah’s Cause as long as the time between two consecutive turns of milking a she-camel, will be surely admitted to Jannah.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

1298.  Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was asked: “What other good deed could be an equivalent of Jihad in the way of Allah?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “You do not have the strength to do it.” (The narrator said:) The question was repeated twice or thrice, but every time he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) answered, “You do not have the strength to do it.” Then he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “One who goes out for Jihad in the Cause of Allah is like a person who observes Saum (fasting), stands in Salat (prayer) constantly, recites the Ayat of the Qur’an and does not exhibit any lassitude in fasting and prayer until the participant of Jihad in the way of Allah returns.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1299.  Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The best life is that of the man who holds his horse’s rein in Allah’s way and flies on its back to the places from whence he hears a war cry or the clatter of arms, seeking martyrdom or slaughter on the battlefield; or that of a person who goes to stay on the top of the hill or in a valley, and there he performs Salat (prayer), pays the Zakat and worships his Rubb till death overtakes him. He has no concern with the affairs of anyone except the doing of good.
[Muslim].

1300.  Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “In Jannah there are a hundred grades which Allah has prepared for those who fight in His Cause; and the distance between any two of those grades is like the distance between the heaven and the earth.”
[Al-Bukhari].

1301.  Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “If anyone is pleased with Allah as his Rubb, with Islam as his religion and with Muhammad (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) as (Allah’s) Messenger, surely, he will be entitled to enter Jannah.” Abu Sa`id was delighted with this and requested the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) to repeat it. He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) repeated it again and then said, “There is also another act by which Allah will elevate the position of a (pious believing) slave in Jannah to a grade one hundred degrees higher. And the distance between any two grades is equal to the distance between heaven and earth.” He asked the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) what it was and he ((sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)) replied, “Jihad in the way of Allah; Jihad in the way of Allah.”
[Muslim].

1302. Abu Bakr bin Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari reported: I heard my father saying in the presence of the enemy: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The gates of Jannah are under the shades of the swords.” A man with a shaggy appearance got up and said, “O Abu Musa! Did you hear the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) say that in person?” Abu Musa replied in the affirmative; so he returned to his companions and said: “I tender you farewell greetings.” Then he broke the scabbard of his sword and threw it away. He rushed towards the enemy with his sword and fought with it till he was martyred.
[Muslim].

1303.   Abu `Abs `Abdur-Rahman bin Jabr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “It will not happen that the feet soiled with dust while (doing Jihad) in the way of Allah, will be touched by the fire (of Hell).”
[Al-Bukhari].

1304.    Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “No one who weeps out of Fear of Allah will enter Hell until milk recedes to the udder, and the dust endured while striving in the Cause of Allah and the smoke of Hell will never subsist together.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

1305.    Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Two eyes will never be touched by the fire of Hell; an eye which weeps out of Fear of Allah and an eye which spends the night in guarding in the Cause of Allah                                                                                  .”
[At-Tirmidhi].

1306.   Zaid bin Khalid (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who equips a Ghazi (fighter) in the way of Allah is as if he has taken part in the fighting himself; and he who looks after the dependants of a Ghazi in his absence, is as if he has taken part in the fighting himself.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1307.   Abu Umamah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The best of charities is to provide canopy in the Cause of Allah, to pay wages to a servant in the way of Allah, and to provide a camel in the way of Allah (to be used by a Mujahid).”
[At-Tirmidhi].

1308.   Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A young man from the Aslam tribe said: “O Messenger of Allah! I would very much like to fight in the way of Allah but I do not have anything with which to equip myself for fighting.” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, Go to so-and-so, for he had equipped himself (for fighting) but he fell ill.” So, he (the young man) went to him and said: “The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) sends you his greetings and says that you should hand over to me the equipment that you have procured.” The man said to his wife: “Give him the equipment which I have collected for myself and do not withhold anything from him. By Allah! Allah won’t bless something you withheld (in this respect).”
[Muslim].

1309.    Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) sent an expedition to Banu Lahyan and said, “One man from every two should join the fighting force, and the reward will be shared amongst them equally.”
[Muslim].

Another narration in Muslim is: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Let one of every two men go forth”, and added: “Whoever stays behind (and looks well after the family and the property of those who have joined the expedition) will get half the reward of the warrior.”

1310.    Al-Bara (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man equipped with arms came to the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and asked: “O Messenger of Allah! Should I go and fight or should I embrace Islam first?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Enter in the fold of Islam and then fight.” He embraced Islam and fought until he was killed. Thereupon the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He accepted Islam for a short time but was rewarded much.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1311.   Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “No one who has entered Jannah will desire to return to this world even if he should be given all that the world contains, except a martyr. For he will yearn that he should return to the world and be killed ten times on account of the dignity that he will experience by virtue of his martyrdom.”

Another narration is: “On account of the excellence and distinction, he will experience as a result of martyrdom.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1312.   `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Allah forgives every sin of a martyr, except his debt.”
[Muslim].

Another narration in Muslim is: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Being martyred in the Cause of Allah expiates for everything, except debt.”

1313.   Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) stood up among his Companions and said, “Jihad in the way of Allah and belief in Allah (with all His Attributes) are the most meritorious of actions.” A man stood up and said: “O Messenger of Allah! Inform me if I am killed in the way of Allah, will my sins be blotted out?” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Yes, in case you are killed in the way of Allah and you remained patient, hopeful of reward, and advancing forward without retracing back (i.e., while fighting).” Then he said, “What was your question?” He inquired again: “Inform me, if I am killed in the way of Allah, will all my sins be blotted out?” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “If you remained patient, hopeful of reward and always fought without turning your back upon enemy, everything, except debt, will be forgiven. Jibril has told me this.”
[Muslim].

1314.    Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man asked the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam): “Tell me where I will be if I am killed while fighting in the way of Allah?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “In Jannah.” The man threw away the few dates which he had in his hand, jumped into the battlefield and fought on till he was killed.
[Muslim]

1315.   Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and his Companions reached Badr before the polytheists, and when they arrived, he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) directed: “Let no one of you advance ahead of me.” When the polytheists came near, the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Now stand up and proceed towards Jannah which is as wide as are the heavens and the earth.” `Umair bin Al-Humam (May Allah be pleased with him) asked: “Is Jannah as wide as are the heaven and the earth?” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied in the affirmative. `Umair remarked: “Great!” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) asked him what had urged him to say so. He replied: “Nothing, O Messenger of Allah! But hope that I might become one of the inhabitants of Jannah.” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “You will definitely be among them.” `Umair then took some dates out of his quiver and began to eat them, but after a short time he said: “If I survive till I eat my dates, it will mean a long life.” So he threw away the dates which he had with him and then fought with the enemy till he was killed.
[Muslim].

1316.   Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Some people came to the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and said to him: “Send with us some men who may teach us the Qur’an and the Sunnah.” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) sent seventy men from the Ansar. They were called Al-Qurra` (the reciters) and among them was my maternal uncle, Haram. They used to recite the Qur’an, ponder over its meaning and learn (its wisdom) at night. In the day, they used to bring water and pour it in pitchers in the mosque, then they would collect wood and sell it; and with the sale proceeds, they would buy food for the people of As-Suffah and the needy. The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) sent the reciters with these people but these (treacherous people) fell upon them and killed them before they reached their destination. (While dying) they supplicated: “O Allah convey from us the news to our Prophet that we have met You (in a way), that we are pleased with You and You are pleased with us.” (The narrator said:) A man attacked Haram from behind and smote him with a spear which pierced him. Whereupon Haram said: “By the Rubb of Ka`bah, I have met with success. The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to his Companions, “Your brethren have been slain and they were saying: “O Allah! Convey from us to our Prophet the news that we have met You (in a way) that we are pleased with You and You are pleased with us.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1317.   Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: My uncle Anas bin An-Nadr (May Allah be pleased with him) was absent from the battle of Badr. He said: “O Messenger of Allah! I was absent from the first battle you fought against the pagans. (By Allah!) if Allah gives me a chance to fight against the pagans, no doubt, Allah will see how (bravely) I will fight.” On the Day of Uhud, when the Muslims turned their backs and fled, he said, “O Allah! I apologize to You for what these (i.e., his companions) have done, and I denounce what these (i.e., the pagans) have done.” Then he advanced and Sa`d bin Mu’adh met him. He said: “O Sa`d bin Mu’adh! By the Rubb of An-Nadr, Jannah! I am smelling its aroma coming from before (the mountain of) Uhud,” Later on, Sa`d said: “O Messenger of Allah! I cannot achieve or do what he (i.e., Anas bin An-Nadr) did. We found more than eighty wounds by swords, spears and arrows on his body. We found him dead and his body was mutilated so badly that none except his sister could recognise him by his finger.” We used to think that the following Ayah was revealed concerning him and other men of his sort: “Among the believers are men who have been true to their covenant with Allah (i.e., they have gone out for Jihad, and showed not their backs to the disbelievers), of them some have fulfilled their obligations (i.e., have been martyred).” (33:23).

1318.  Samurah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Last night two men (angels) came to me (in a dream) and made me ascend a tree and then admitted me into a nice and excellent house, the like of which I have never seen before. One of them said: `This house is the house of martyrs‘.”
[Al-Bukhari].

1319.   Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Umm Ar-Rubaiy`i bint Al-Bara’, who was the mother of Harithah bin Suraqah, came to the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and said: “O Messenger of Allah! Will you not tell me about Harithah? (He was killed in the battle of Badr). If he is in Jannah I shall show endurance, but if he has met another fate, I may exert myself in weeping for him.” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “O mother of Harithah, in in the gardens of Jannah there are many ranks, and your son has attained Al-Firdaus, the highest.”
[Al-Bukhari].

1320.    Jabir bin `Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The dead body of my father, who was mutilated by the enemy, was brought and placed before the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). I got up to uncover his face but the people stopped me, and the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The angels continue to cover him with their wings.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1321.    Sahl bin Hunaif (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who supplicates Allah sincerely for martyrdom, Allah will elevate him to the station of the martyrs, even if he dies on his bed.”
[Muslim].

1322.   Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who supplicates sincerely for martyrdom, it will be granted to him even though he is not killed on the battlefield.”
[Muslim].

1323.    Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The martyr experiences no more pain in being slain than one of you experiences from the stinging of an ant.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

1324. `Abdullah bin Abu Aufa (May Allah be pleased with them)  reported: On one occasion the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was confronting the enemy. He waited until the sun had declined. Then he stood up to address the people and said, “O people! Do not wish for an encounter with the enemy. Pray to Allah to grant you safety; (but) when you encounter them, show patience, and know that Jannah is under the shades of the swords.” Then he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: “Allahumma munzilal-kitab, wa mujriyas-sahab, wa hazimal-Ahzab, ihzimhum wansurna alaihim (O Allah, Revealer of the Book, Disperser of the clouds, Defeater of the Confederates, put our enemy to rout and support us against them).”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1325.   Sahl bin Sa`d (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Supplications at two times are never turned down (or said, “Are seldom turned down”), a supplication after the Adhan has been proclaimed, and a supplication during the battle combating the enemy.”
[Abu Dawud].

1326.   Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) set out to participate in Jihad, he would supplicate: “Allahumma Anta `adudi wa nasiri, bika ahulu, wa bika asulu, wa bika uqatilu (O Allah, You are my Supporter and my Helper. With Your help I get strength, and with Your help I bounce upon the enemy and defeat it, and with Your help I fight).”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

1327.    Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) had any fear of an enemy, he used to supplicate: “Allahumma inna naj`aluka fi nuhurihim, wa na`udhu bika min shururihim (O Allah! We put You in front of them, and we seek refuge in You from their evils).”
[Ahmad and Abu Dawud].

1328.  Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “There is goodness in the forelocks of horses till the Day of Resurrection.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

1329.   `Urwah Al-Bariqi (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Goodness is tied to the foreheads of horses until the Day of Resurrection, i.e., reward (in the Hereafter) and spoils.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1330.   Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who keeps a horse for Jihad purposes, having faith in Allah and relying on His Promise, will find that its fodder, drink, droppings and urine will all be credited to him in his Scales on the Day of Resurrection.”
[Al-Bukhari].

1331.  Abu Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man came to the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) with a she-camel wearing a nose-string and said: “This is (a gift) in the Cause of Allah.” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “You will have in return for it on the Day of Resurrection seven hundred she-camels and every one of them will be wearing a nose-string.”
[Muslim].

1332.  `Uqbah bin `Amir Al-Juhani (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying from the pulpit, “Prepare to meet them (the enemy) with as much strength as you can afford. Verily! Strength is in archery, strength is in archery, strength is in archery.”
[Muslim].

1333. `Uqbah bin `Amir Juhani (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Lands shall be laid open to you, and Allah will suffice you (against your enemies), but none of you should neglect practicing his skill in archery.”
[Muslim].

1334. `Uqbah bin `Amir Al-Juhani (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who learnt archery and then neglected it, is not from us.” (Or said,) “He has been guilty of disobedience (to Messenger of Allah).”
[Muslim].

1335.   `Uqbah bin `Amir Al-Juhani (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Allah will admit three persons to Jannah for one arrow; the maker who has a good motive in making it, the one who shoots it, and the one who hands it up for shooting. So shoot and ride, but I like your shooting (more) than your riding. He who gives up archery after becoming adept in it for lack of interest, neglects a (great) blessing.” (Or said,) “One who does so is ungrateful.”
[Abu Dawud].

1336.  Salamah bin Al-Akwa (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) happened to pass by a group of people who were having a shooting match. (Upon seeing them, he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)) said, “Shoot, O sons of (Prophet) Isma`il, for your father was an archer.”
[Al-Bukhari].

1337.   `Amr bin `Abasah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying: “He who shoots an arrow for the sake of Allah, will have a reward equal to the emancipation of a slave.”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

1338.   Abu Yahya Khuraim bin Fatik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who makes a contribution in Allah’s way, will have his reward seven hundred times recorded to his credit.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

1339.    Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Every slave of Allah who observes Saum (fasting) for a day in the Cause of Allah, Allah will keep his face from Hell-fire at a distance of seventy years.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1340.   Abu Umamah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who observes Saum (fasting) for a day in the Cause of Allah, Allah will keep his face from Hell-fire at a distance equivalent to that between heaven and the earth.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

1341.    Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who dies without having fought in the Cause of Allah or without having thought of doing so, will die with one characteristic of hypocrisy in him.”
[Muslim].

1342.  Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: We accompanied the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) in an expedition when he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Some people have remained behind us in Al-Madinah, and we never cross a valley but they are with us. They share the reward with us because they have been held back by valid excuse.”

In another narration the wordings are: “...by any genuine excuse.

In another narration the wordings are: “They are your partners in reward.”
[Al-Bukhari].

1343.   Abu Musa (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A bedouin came to the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and said: “O Messenger of Allah! One man fights for booty, another fights to win fame, and the third fights for show off.” Another narration is: “One fights for displaying his valour, another fights out of his family pride.” Another narration is: “One fights out of rage.” He asked: “Which of them is fighting in the Cause of Allah?” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The one who fights so that Word of Allah (Islam) be exalted, is the one who fights in the Cause of Allah.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1344. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “A detachment of soldiers, large or small, who fights in the way of Allah, gets its share of booty and returns safe and sound, receives in advance two-thirds of its reward (only one-third remaining to its credit will be received in the Hereafter). And a troop of soldiers, large or small, that returns disappointed and is afflicted by misery, will receive its full reward (in the Hereafter).”
[Muslim].

1345.  Abu Umamah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man sought permission from the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) to travel in the land. He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to him, “Travel for my people is Jihad in the Cause of Allah, glory be to Him.”
[Abu Dawud].

1346.  `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The return from an expedition is an act as meritorious as fighting.”
[Abu Dawud].

1347.  As-Sa’ib bin Yazid (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) returned from the battle of Tabuk, people went out from Al-Madinah to meet him and I also met him with other children at Thaniyah-tul-Wada`.
[Abu Dawud].

1348.  Abu Umamah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who neither takes part in fighting nor equips a warrior nor looks after his (the warrior’s) family, will be afflicted by severe calamities before the Day of Resurrection.”
[Abu Dawud].

1349.   Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Fight the polytheists with your wealth, lives and tongues.”
[Abu Dawud].

1350.   An-Nu`man bin Muqarrin (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I was with the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) when I witnessed that if he did not begin fighting in the early part of the day, he would postpone fighting till the sun had declined, the blowing of the breeze had blown and the victory from Allah had come.
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

1351.  Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Do not wish for an encounter with the enemy. Pray to Allah to grant you safety; (but) when you encounter them, show patience.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1352.  Abu Hurairah and Jabir (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “War is deception.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

What should one say to the Host if an uninvited Person is accompaniedwith an invited Person

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 103
What should one say to the Host if an uninvited Person is accompanied with an
invited Person

739. Abu Mas`ud Al-Badri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man prepared some food especially for the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and invited him along with four others. But a man accompanied him. Having arrived at the door, Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to the host, “This person has followed us. You may allow him, if you like, and if you like he will return.” He said: “O Messenger of Allah, I allow him, too.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Modesty and Courtesy towards the Believers

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 71
Modesty and Courtesy towards the Believers

Allah, the Exalted, says:

“And be kind and humble to the believers who follow you.” (26:215)

“O you who believe! Whoever from among you turns back from his religion (Islam), Allah will bring a people whom He will love and they will love Him; humble towards the believers, stern towards the disbelievers.” (5:54)

“O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allah is that (believer) who has At-Taqwa [he is one of the Muttaqun (the pious)].” (49:13)

“So ascribe not purity to yourselves. He knows best him who fears Allah and keeps his duty to Him [i.e., those who are Al-Muttaqun (the pious)].” (53:32)

“And the men on Al-a`raf (the wall) will call unto the men whom they would recognise by their marks, saying: `Of what benefit to you were your great numbers (and hoards of wealth), and your arrogance (against Faith)?’ Are they those, of whom you swore that Allah would never show them mercy. (Behold! It has been said to them): `Enter Jannah, no fear shall be on you, nor shall you grieve.”’ (7:48,49)

602. `Iyad bin Himar (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Allah has revealed to me that you should humble yourselves to one another. One should neither hold himself above another nor transgress against another.”
[Muslim].

603. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Wealth does not diminish by giving Sadaqah (charity). Allah augments the honour of one who forgives; and one who serves another seeking the pleasure of Allah, Allah will exalt him in ranks.”
[Muslim].

604. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) passed by some children and greeted them (by saying As-salamu `alaikum to them). Then he said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) used to do the same.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

605. Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A slave-girl of Al-Madinah would take hold of the hand of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and take him wherever she desired.
[Al-Bukhari].

606. Al-Aswad bin Yazid (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) was asked: “What did Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) used to do inside his house?” She answered: “He used to keep himself busy helping members of his family, and when it was the time for Salat (the prayer), he would get up for prayer.”
[Al-Bukhari].

607. Tamim bin Usaid (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I came to Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) while he was delivering a Khutbah and said: “O Messenger of Allah, a stranger (meaning himself) has come to inquire about his Deen. He is quite ignorant about his Deen.” Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) interrupted his Khutbah and turned to me. Then a chair was brought for him and he sat on it. He started instructing me what Allah had taught him. Then he resumed his Khutbah and completed it.
[Muslim].

608. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) finished eating his food, he would lick his three fingers (i.e., the forefinger, the middle finger and the thumb). He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “If anyone of you drops a morsel, he should remove anything harmful from it and then eat it. He should not leave it for Shaitan.” He commanded us to clean out the dish saying, “You do not know in what portion of your food the blessing lies.”
[Muslim].

609. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Every Prophet has tended sheep.” He was asked: “And did you?” He replied: “Yes, I tended them for a few carats for the Makkans.”
[Al-Bukhari].

610. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: “If I am invited to a meal consisting of a sheep’s foot or shoulder, I would respond and I would accept as a gift a shoulder or a foot of a sheep.”
[Al-Bukhari].

611. Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) had a she-camel called Al-`Adba’ which would not allow any other camel to surpass her. A bedouin came riding his camel which outstripped it. The Muslims were much grieved at this. Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) perceived it and said, “It is Allah’s Way that he lowers whatever raises itself in the world.”
[Al-Bukhari].

Sahih Muslim : Book 28: The Book of Poetry (Kitab Al-Sh`ir)

Translation of Sahih Muslim, Book 28:

The Book of Poetry (Kitab Al-Sh`ir)


Chapter 1:


Book 028, Number 5602:

‘Amr b. Sharid reported his father as saying: One day when I rode ehind Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), he said (to me): Do you remember any Poetry of Umayya b. Abu Salt. I said: Yes. He said: Then go on. I recited a couplet, and he said: Go on. Then I again recited a couplet and he said: Go on. I recited one hundred couplets (of his poetry). This hadith has been reported on the authority of Sharid through another chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of wording.


Book 028, Number 5603:

‘Amr b. Sharid reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Messeniger (may peace be upon him) asked him to recite poetrv, the rest of the hadith is the same, out with this addition:” He (that is Umayya b. Abu Sharid was about to become a muslim and in the hadith transmitted on the authority, of Ibn Mahdi (the words are)” He was almost a Muslim in his poetry.”


Book 028, Number 5604:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The truest word spoken by an Arab (pre-Islamic) in poetry is this verse of Labid:” Behold! apart from Allah everything is vain.”


Book 028, Number 5605:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The truest word uttered by a poet is this verse of Labid:” Behold! apart from Allah everything is vain,” and Umayya b. Abu Salt was almost a Muslim.


Book 028, Number 5606:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The truest verse recited by a poet is: Beliold! apart from Allah everything is vain,” and Ibn Abu Salt was almost a Muslim.


Book 028, Number 5607:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: The truest couplet recited by a poet is:” Behold! apart from Allah everything is vain,” and he made no addition to it.


Book 028, Number 5608:

Abu Huraira reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The truest word which the poet stated is the word of Labid:” Behold! apart from Allah everything is vain.”


Book 028, Number 5609:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be opon him) as saying: It is better for a man’s belly to be stuffld with pus which corrodes it than to stuff) one’s mind with frivolous poetry. Abd Bakr has reported it with a slight variation Of wording.


Book 028, Number 5610:

Sa’d reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: It is better for the belly of any one of you to be stuffed with pus rather than to stuff (one’s mind) with poetry.


Book 028, Number 5611:

Abu Sa`id Khudri reported: We were going with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). As we reached the place (known as) Arj there met (us) a poet who had been reciting poetry. Thereupon Allah’s Messanger (may peace be upon him) said: Catch the satan or detain the satan, for filling the belly of a man with pus is betting than stuffing his brain with poetry.


Chapter 2: IT IS PROHIBITED TO PLAY CHESS


Book 028, Number 5612:

Buraida reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: He who played chess is like one who dyed his hand with the flesh and blood of swine.


[ Index Page ]

[Video] Jinn and Shaytan as mentioned in the Noble Qur’an

[Download Video]

Iblis has a devil named Qubqub, so beware of him O’ youth!

Qatadah said: ‘One of Iblis’s devils is called Qubqub. Iblis has ordered him to rest for forty years.’ Whenever a youth enters this path (of righteousness), Iblis tells Qubqub: ‘There he is, I have been preparing you for this type of youth. Deceive and seduce him.’

lbn Al-Jawzi in Dhamm ai-Hawti, 145.

Posted from the excellent Book – The Devil’s Deceptions (Talbis Iblis): By Imam Abu’l Faraj Ibn Al Jawzi. You are encouraged to buy this very beneficial Book – around 600 pages.

While [Prophet] Musa (‘alaihis-salaam) was in a gathering Iblis came wearing a hooded cape

‘Abdu’l-Rahiman Ibn Ziyad Ibn An’um said:

‘While [Prophet] Musa (‘alaihis-salaam) was in a gathering Iblis came wearing a hooded cape that changed in colors. When the devil came nearer he took off the cape and set it down and came to Musa saying: ‘Peace be upon you. Musa replied: ‘Who are you?’ He said: ‘I am Iblis. ‘ Musa responded: ‘No greetings from Allah to you, what brought you here?’ The devil said: ‘I came to greet you because of your high godly status.’ Musa said: ‘What have I seen you wearing?’ Iblis replied: ‘I use it (the cape) to capture the hearts of the sons of Adam.’

Musa asked: ‘What is it that if a human does will enable you to take him over?’

He replied: ‘If he becomes fond of himself, and considered his (good) deeds plentiful .’ I warn you from three things:

  • First, never be alone with a woman that is not lawful to you. Because whenever someone does so, I personally accompany him and use her to seduce him.
  • Second, never promise Allah something except that you fulfill your promise. Whenever someone promises Allah something I personally accompany him to prevent him from fulfilling his promise.
  • And never take an amount of money to give charity except that you make sure you give it to that charity. Whenever someone takes an amount of money to give to charity, I personally accompany him to persuade him not to give it.

Then Iblis walked away saying: ‘Woe to me, thrice, I have taught [Prophet] Musa from what to warn the sons of Adam.’

[Ibn AbI al-Dunya in Maka’d al-Shaytaan, 1 1 /47]

Posted from the Book – The Devil’s Deceptions (Talbis Iblis): By Imam Abu’l Faraj Ibn Al Jawzi, Dar as-sunnah Publishers. Page 75

The Devil’s Deceptions (Talbis Iblis): By Imam Abu’l Faraj Ibn Al Jawzi

devils-deception-ibn al jawzi

Paperback 592 Pages – ISBN : 9780904336051
Publisher : Dar as-Sunnah

Deception (talbis) is to present falsehood in the image of the truth. And misleading (ghuroor) is a form of ignorance that causes you to believe falsehood to be the truth, and bad to be good. It is caused by the presence of doubtful matters. lblis influences people as much as possible. His influence depends on how alert, negligent, ignorant and knowledgeable they are.

About The Book

It is from enmity and hopelessness of the devil that his endeavour to misguide mankind from the Path of Allah will persist. This misguidance takes many shades and forms; be it from planting seeds of doubt, or giving rise to deviant ideas antithetical to the sacred teachings of Islam, and essentially becoming entangled within regressive intellectual and rhetorical discourses. The Ummah has suffered varying levels of deviation, some of which remain prevalent today, while more continue to be uncovered – and such is the impact of delusive plottings of the devil and his allies.

This book is the sixth instalment from Dar as-Sunnah of the illustrious Imam, Abu’l-Faraj Ibn Jawzi. Being a complete translation of his well-known and prized work, Ibn Jawzi enumerates within it, many of the mechanisms and modus operandi used by the devil in deceiving and leading mankind away from the Straight Path. It is of particular value and importance because only by unearthing and accentuating some of the traps of the devil, can mankind avoid them as well as navigate others away from falling prey to his harm.

Speaking about the devil and his plotting, the author wrote that, “he was only able to do so while creeping during the night of ignorance. Had the dawn of knowledge shone on him, he would have been exposed. Thus I decided to warn from his plots for identifying evil is a form of warning from it.”

This translation of Tablees Iblees will provide important analysis in developing self-awareness and critical thinking to ward off many deceptions of the devil, which have plagued mankind from the time of Adam. For such reasons alone, this work is a valuable addition to the scholarly discourse it presents to the English speaking world.

About the Author:

‘Abu’l-Faraj Jamal al-Din Abdul Rahman ibn Ali Ibn Muhammad ibn Ali Ibn Ubayd Allah Ibn al-Jawzi al-Qurashi al Tamimi al Bakri al-Baghdadi al-Hanbali (509/510-597) was the Imam of the Hanbalis and foremost orator of kings and commoners in his time, whose gatherings reportedly reached one hundred thousand.

A hadith master, philologist, commentator of Qur’an, expert jurist, physician, and historian of superb character and exquisite manners.
Ibn al-Jawzi was a prolific author of over seven hundred books.

He was the author of a vast number of works of which several have been printed in recent times. He was famous as a preacher and the traveller Ibn Jubair gives an enthusiastic account of two of his sermons heard in Baghdad.

He was born in 509/510 AH in the city of Baghdad and grew up studying under the leading scholars of the time, He also was noted for his scholarship in the fields of history, linguistics, tafseer and fiqh. In fact, he became the leading scholar of the Hanbali Madhab of his time and played an important role in reviving and spreading it, especially after the become a favorite of the Abassid Caliph, al Mustadi

Ibn al-Jawzi was severely tried towards the end of his life when his criticism of Shaykh `Abd al-Qadir al-Gilani – his senior of forty years – led to accusations made against him to the Sultan al-Nasir by the Shaykh’s children and supporters. He was taken from Baghdad to the city of Wasit where he remained imprisoned for five years.

Ibn al-Jawzi passed away in 597 AH, two years after his release from Imprisonment.

Is Iblis an Angel ? – Permanent Committee

The origin of Iblis and his fate on the Day of Judgment

Q 3: Is Iblis (Satan) a jinn or a fallen angel? If he is a jinn, what is the point of the exception made in the Qur’anic Ayah (verse) which reads: So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them: …except Iblîs (Satan)

A: It is well-known that angels belong to a category of beings whom Allah (Exalted be He) has created from light. They never disobey the commands they receive from Allah. However, Allah (Exalted be He) mentions Iblis in the Qur’an that he was from the jinn. Allah (Exalted be He) says: And (remember) when We said to the angels: “Prostrate yourselves unto Adam.” So they prostrated themselves except Iblîs (Satan). He was one of the jinn; he disobeyed the Command of his Lord.” Justifying his refusal to prostrate himself to Adam, according to the Qur’anic text, Iblis addresses Allah (Exalted be He) saying: “You created me from fire, and him You created from clay”.

As for excepting Iblis from the general class of angels in the Ayah which reads: “So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them: …except Iblîs (Satan)” the Arabic word illa (i.e. Except), which ordinarily means except and is used as indicating Istithna’( exception ), is sometimes used to indicate Istithna’ Munqati` (an exception where the thing excluded is not of the same type as the thing that was mentioned before the word illa).

It is grammatically correct in Arabic to say:” ja’ al-qawmu illa himaran”, the meaning of which is that “all the people came except a donkey”; the people and the donkey belonging to two different classes. It is exactly in this sense that the word illa (except) is used here; the angels and Iblis belonged to two different classes.

However, some scholars are of the view that Iblis originally belonged to the category of angels, but incurred the eternal curse of Allah (Exalted be He) when he disobeyed His command and persisted in rebellion.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and companions.
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Browse by Volume Number > Group 1 > Volume 3: `Aqidah (3) > The origin of Iblis and his fate on the Day of Judgment > The aspect of exclusion in Allah’s saying: “So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them: Except Iblis…”

# The dominance of Jinn over Humans – The Permanent Committee

Q 2: Does the following Hadith bear evidence on the dominance of Jinn (creatures created from fire) over Humans? Abu Al-Sa’ib narrated: 

We visited Abu Sa`id Al-Khudry in his house and while we were waiting for him (to finish his Prayer) we heard something under his bed. We looked towards the sound and found a snake. I jumped up to kill it, but he (Abu Sa`id Al-Khudry) gestured that I should sit down. I sat down and when he finished (the Prayer) he pointed to a room in the house and said: Do you see this room? I said: Yes. He said: There was a young man amongst us who was newly wed. We went with Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) to take part in the Battle of the Trench, this young man used to ask for Allah’s Messenger’s (peace be upon him) permission to return to his family everyday at midday. One day, he sought permission from him and Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) (after granting him the permission) said to him: Carry your weapons with you for I fear the tribe of Qurayzhah (may harm you). The man took his weapons and came back to find his wife standing between the two doors. He was hit by jealousy and made a dash towards her with a spear in order to stab her. She said: Keep your spear away and enter the house until you see that which has made me come out. He entered and found a big snake coiled on the bed. He darted with the spear and pierced it and then went out, but the snake quivered and attacked him and no one knew which of them died first, the snake or the young man . . . “

 (Related by Muslim in his Sahih (authentic) Book of Hadith ‘Refer to Mishkah Al-Masabih,chapter on [The lawful and the prohibited to eat]’)

A: Firstly: The Hadith is Sahih (a Hadith that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish) in terms of its Sanad (chain of narrators) and Matn (text).

Secondly: Adam was created from clay in human form, then his offspring propagated. Jinn were created from fire then became living beings and were divided into males and females. The Prophet (peace be upon him) was sent to both humans and Jinn, some of them believed and some disbelieved. Humans can harm Jinn with or without knowledge and Jinn can harm humans, knock them down, or kill them just as a human may harm another human. A Jinny (a creature created from fire) may harm another Jinny. Indeed, whoever denies the power of Jinn while unaware of their condition follows that of which they have no knowledge and contradicts the guidance of the Qur’an concerning their power.

Allah (Exalted be He) says: He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery. And the jinn: He created from a smokeless flame of fire. He also says: And indeed We created man (Adam) out of an extract of clay (water and earth). Allah addresses them in the same manner He addresses humans in His saying: Then which of the Blessings of your Lord will you both (jinn and men) deny? And His saying: O assembly of jinn and men! If you have power to pass beyond the zones of the heavens and the earth, then pass beyond (them)! But you will never be able to pass them, except with authority (from Allâh)! Allah subjugated Jinn with their different forms to His ProphetSulayman (Solomon, peace be upon him). Allah (Exalted be He) says: So, We subjected to him the wind; it blew gently by his order whithersoever he willed, And also the Shayâtîn (devils) from the jinn (including) every kind of builder and diver, And also others bound in fetters. , He (Exalted be He) says: …and there were jinn that worked in front of him, by the Leave of his Lord. And whosoever of them turned aside from Our Command, We shall cause him to taste of the torment of the blazing Fire. He also says: And of the Shayâtîn (devils from the jinn) were some who dived for him, and did other work besides that Allah (Exalted be He) says: And (remember) when We sent towards you (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) a group (three to ten persons) of the jinn, (quietly) listening to the Qur’ân. When they stood in the presence thereof, they said: “Listen in silence!” And when it was finished, they returned to their people, as warners. They said: “O our people! Verily, we have heard a Book (this Qur’ân) sent down after Mûsâ (Moses), confirming what came before it: it guides to the truth and to the Straight Path (i.e. Islâm). O our people! Respond (with obedience) to Allâh’s Caller (i.e. Allâh’s Messenger Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), and believe in him (i.e. believe in that which Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم has brought from Allâh and follow him). He (Allâh) will forgive you of your sins, and will save you from a painful torment (i.e. Hell-fire) And whosoever does not respond to Allâh’s Caller, he cannot escape on earth, and there will be no Auliyâ’ (lords, helpers, supporters, protectors) for him besides Allâh (from Allâh’s punishment). Those are in manifest error. He also says: And on the Day when He will gather them (all) together (and say): “O you assembly of jinn! Many did you mislead of men,” and their Auliyâ’ (friends and helpers) amongst men will say: “Our Lord! We benefited one from the other, but now we have reached our appointed term which You did appoint for us.” He will say: “The Fire be your dwelling-place, you will dwell therein forever, except as Allâh may will. Certainly your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing.” And thus We do make the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers) Auliyâ’ (supporters and helpers) of one another (in committing crimes), because of that which they used to earn. Read also the Ayahs (Qur’anic verses) of Surah Al-Jinn for it tells you all about their form, actions, and the recompense of those who believed and those who disbelieved.

There is nothing strange about a Jinny hurting a human or inflicting harm on them just as a human may hurt a Jinny and inflict harm if the Jinny takes the form of an animal such as the one mentioned in the question and the Hadith related by Al-Bukharion the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: A strong demon of Jinn came to me yesterday suddenly, so as to spoil my Salah (Prayer), but Allah enabled me to overpower him, and so I caught him and intended to tie him to one of the pillars of the Masjid (mosque) so that all of you might see him, but I remembered the invocation of my brother Solomon: My Lord! Forgive me, and bestow upon me a kingdom such as shall not belong to any other after me so I let him go cursed. Generally, Jinn and humans are either Mu’mins (believers) or Kafirs (disbelievers), good or bad, beneficent or harmful but it is all by Allah’s Will as mentioned above.

Finally: The Jinn world and forms are screened from humans. It is an area where we know nothing except what is mentioned in the Qur’an or Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet). We should believe in the truth conveyed in the Qur’an and Sunnah with no doubt or denial. Similarly, we should refrain from interfering with what is unknown to us, for affirming or denying things that are unwarranted in the Qur’an or Sunnah is an act of ignorance which Allah (Exalted be He) forbids: And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not) that of which you have no knowledge. Verily! The hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those one will be questioned (by Allâh).

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
http://www.alifta.net

# An Insight into The Realm of Jinns and Magic – Shaykh ‘Abdul’Azeez al-Bura’ee [Audio|Ar-En]

# Can The Jinn Kidnap Humans – Hadith

At the time of ‘Umar, a man was kidnapped by the jinn and stayed with them for four years, then he came back and told the people that some mushrik jinn had kidnapped him, and he stayed with them as a prisoner, then some Muslim jinn launched a campaign against them and defeated them, and brought him back to his family.

This was mentioned in Manaar al-Sabeel and elsewhere.

Manaar al-Sabeel, 2/88. The story of the kidnapped man was reported by al-Bayhaqi (7/445-446) and its Isnaad was classed as Sahih by al-Albaani in al-Irwaa’, 6/150, no.1709

# Fingernail and Hair Clippings Are Not The Food of The Jinn by Shaykh ‘Uthmaan As-Saalimee (mp3/arabic-english)

Devil entering via a Person Yawning – Sahih Muslim

The son of Abu Said al-Khudri reported on the authority of his father that Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

When one of you yawns, he should keep his mouth shut with the help of his hand, for it is the devil that enters therein.

Sahih Muslim : Book 42 :The Book of Abstinence and Heart-Melting  Narrations), Chapter 09:Sneezing and the Disapproval of Yawning – Hadith 7130. Darussalam Publications.

 

# Whispers of satan: Twelve benecifial gems on obsessive thoughts in regards to the intention and Taharah

Here are some Fawa’id about the obsessive thoughts that some brothers/sisters might get when trying to perform acts of worship. I hope they make things easier for you in Shâ’ Allâh.

1.The intention:

Ibn-ul-Qayyim: The one who sits down in order to make ablution, has intended the ablution (!!!). The one who arises in order to pray, has intended the prayer. The sensible one hardly performs an act of worship but that he has already intended it. The fact is that if Allah had obliged us an act without intention, then it would have been impossible. (al-Islah, p. 67)

Ibn-ul-Qayyim: To doubt the intention of one’s action is a type of madness. (Ibid, p.67)

2. The verbal intention.

Ibn-ul-Qayyim: The devil has made the verbal intention into a battlefield for those with whispters (wiswas). He imprisons them by it and punishes them with it. You see how they strive in order to utter it correctly – and it has nothing to do with the prayer. (Ibid, p.67)

3. Where do they come from?

Ibn-ul-Qayyim: al-Ghazali said that whispers (waswasah) either spring from ignorance about the religion or also from a madness and both belong to the greatest deficiencies (Ibid, p.69)

4. Free time and work:

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen: Free time is deadly. The one who is not busied by knowledge or work gets these obsessive thoughts. (al-Liqa ash-Shahri 45)

5. Perhaps a drop of urine exited?

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen: There are those who, after having urinated, feel something down there and (they) drop the pants in order to look. Do not do that. Ignore it. (al-Liqa ash-Shahri 46)

(Shaykh al-Fawzân also said in one of his tapes that this (these obsessive thoughts regarding drops etc) should be ignored)

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen: After urinating and that the last drop has went out, one should just wash the glans and nothing more. (al-Liqa ash-Shahri 46)

6. Shaking it and pressing from…

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen: There are people who, after having urinated, press their penises from the anal to the glans and some shake them. This is an INNOVATION. (al-Liqa ash-Shahri 46)

7. Two doubt their Wudhu

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen: Two kinds of persons always doubt their ablution: the one with obsessive thouhts and the one with constant gases. The person with the obsessive thoughts should wean himself from it and ignore them and the person with the gases goes with that which is convincing until he hears or feels something. (al-Liqa ash-Shahri 61)

8. Jumping into a river for Ghusl and then doubting it?!

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen: Obsessive thoughts (Wiswas) are dangerous. A man came to a Shaykh1 and said: I bath in the flood Tigris after orgasm. I then pray and persuade myself to [think that] I am not clean. The Shaykh then said: Do not pray. The prophet said that the mad one is not responsible for his deeds until he becomes normal and you are mad. (al-Liqa ash-Shahri 23)

1. (The shaykh mentions in his FHM tape 5 that the shaykh was Ibn ‘aqil al-Hanbali)

9. To BREAK the wudhu in order to be sure of one’s next wudhu?

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen: An example of these obsessive thoughts is to doubt whether one is clean or not and in order to be sure, one BREAKS THE ABLUTION. (al-Liqa ash-Shahri 23)

Please note: Some people who know that they are clean, but to be “sure”, they break the wudhu by touching the penis or farting etc, look at this stupidness, they BREAK THE WUDHU to be sure? And then they remake the wudhu not realising that they were already convinced of the former wudhu, they would otherwise not BREAK IT, you can’t break something that is not there.

10. What do they lead to?

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen: Obsessive thoughts lead to madness. (FHM 5)

11. The preseminal fluid issue

Ibn ‘Uthaymeen: There are people who imagine that they they got preseminal fluid as soon as they think. These are the whispers of the devil and should be ignored. (Sharh-ul-Bulugh 1/421)

12. Why do jews not get whispers when they pray?

Ibn-ul-Qayyim: Ibn ‘Abbas was asked why the jews not get whispers when they pray. He said: What should the devil do with a ruined heart? (al-Wabil, p.52)

Just a quick note: I will in Shâ’ Allâh gather some Fawâ’id in regards to other kinds of Wiswas (such as ‘Aqîdah, belief etc). These were more leaning towards Taharah and the intention. Bârak Allâhu fîkum. aFatwa.com

Related Links:

# A Deserted Sunnah: Saying , ” Bismillah” when you Trip – Hadith

عَنْ أَبِى الْمَلِيحِ عَنْ رَجُلٍ قَالَ كُنْتُ رَدِيفَ النَّبِىِّ -صلى الله عليه وسلم- فَعَثَرَتْ دَابَّتُهُ فَقُلْتُ تَعِسَ الشَّيْطَانُ . فَقَالَ « لاَ تَقُلْ تَعِسَ الشَّيْطَانُ فَإِنَّكَ إِذَا قُلْتَ ذَلِكَ تَعَاظَمَ حَتَّى يَكُونَ مِثْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيَقُولَ بِقُوَّتِى وَلَكِنْ قُلْ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ فَإِنَّكَ إِذَا قُلْتَ ذَلِكَ تَصَاغَرَ حَتَّى يَكُونَ مِثْلَ الذُّبَابِ ».

Abu Al-Malih narrated that a man said: “I was riding behind the Prophet (sallahu alayhi wa salim) and his mount stumbled. I said: “May the Shaytan perish! The Prophet (sallahu alayhi wa salim) said: “ Do not say” May the Shaytan perish,” because when you say that he swells up so much that he becomes like a house and says,” By my power.” Rather say say: Bismillah (In the name of Allah), “for if you say that the Shaytan shrinks until he becomes like a fly.”

Collected by Abu Dawud (4982 ) and Ahmed (5/59)  graded Sahih by Shaykh Abdul Muhsin Al-Abbadd (may Allah preserve him

 

Related Links:

# Dua to ward off the deception of the Obstinate Shaytaans – Hadith

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم Protecting Himself from the Shayaateen

Ja’far bin Sulaymaan ad-Duba’ee narrated:  Aboo at-Tayyaaj narrated to us, he said:  “I said to ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Khanbash at-Tameemee – and he was an old man – ‘did you reach the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم (during his lifetime)?’  He said, ‘Yes.’ He said: ‘So I said:  How did the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم act on the night the shayaateen plotted against him?’  So he said: ‘Indeed the shayaateen descended that night upon the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم from the valleys and mountain paths, and amongst them was a shaytaan, in his hand was a flame of fire, wanting to burn the face of Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم with it.  So Jibreel – عليه السلام – descended to him and said:  ‘O Muhammad! Say:dua-to-ward-off-obstinate-shaytaan

‘A’oodhu bikalimaatil-laahit-taammaatil-latee laa yujaawizuhunna barrun wa laa faajirun
min sharri maa khalaqa,wa bara’a wa dhara’a,
wa min sharri maa yanzilu minas-samaa’i,
wa min sharri maa ya’ruju feehaa,
wa min sharri maa dhara’a fil-ardhi,
wa min sharri maa yakhruju minhaa,
wa min sharri fitanil-layli wannahaari,
wa min sharri kulli taariqin ‘illaa taariqan yatruqu bikhayrin yaa Rahmaan

Listen :

(( I seek refuge by the complete, perfect words of Allaah, which no righteous one nor wicked one can exceed, from the evil of what He has created, and from the evil of what descends from the heavens, and from the evil of what ascends to them, and from the evil of what is sown in the earth and is created, and from the evil of what comes out from it, and from the evil of the fitan of the night and the day, and from the evil of everyone who comes knocking, except for the one who comes knocking with khayr, O Rahmaan! ))

So it (this du’aa) extinguished their fire, and Allaah تبارك و تعالى defeated them.” [2]

Footnotes:

[2]  Traced to as-Suyootee in al-Jaami’ al-Kabeer (1/11/2) to Ahmad, and at-Tabaraanee in al-Kabeer, and Ibnus-Sunnee in ‘Amalul-Yawmi wal-Laylah from ‘Abdur-Rahmaan bin Khanbash, and from Ahmad (3/319), and Ibnus-Sunnee (631) from Ja’far bin Sulaymaan ad-Duba’ee from Aboo at-Tayyaaj.  Al-Albaanee said: “And the isnaad is saheeh, its men up to Ibn Khanbash are on the condition of Muslim…”  See As-Saheehah (#840).

Source : Protecting oneself from shaytaan and from harm through the Words of Remembrance found in the Authentic Sunnah – (Part I)http://salafiyyah-kuwait.blogspot.com

Notes from AbdurRahman Meda:

  •  English transliteration of this dua is added by me taking it from hisn al muslim ,published by dar-us-salam
  •  Footnotes given in the Hisn al Muslim : [2]  Ahmad 3/419, with an authentic chain of narration, and Ibn As-Sunni (n0. 637). Al-Arna’ut, graded its chain authentic in his checking of Al-‘Aqeedah At-Tahaawiyyah p.133. See laso Majma’uz-Zawaa’id, 10/127.

# Knocking on Wood for Protection from The Evil Eye – Ibn-Baz

Question:

This question is from Abu-Umar, from Damascus: Sometimes, as soon as I mention a blessing Allah has bestowed on a relative or a friend, some people knock on wood. They do that as an expression of fear of the evil eye. In some instances, they demand of one to knock on wood by saying: “Knock on wood”. What is the validity of such behaviour? Please advise us. May Allah reward you.

Answer by Shaykh Ibn Baz:

This is reprehensible behaviour, which must not be done, and the underlying belief is corrupt. Instead, when a person gains a blessing, he has to thank Allah for it, and to beg Him to perfect that blessing and make him grateful. Allah says,

 <<And when your Lord proclaimed: If ye give thanks, I will give you more; but if ye are thankless, lo! My punishment is dire>>. [Ibraheem Sura, Ayah No. 70]

He also says,

<<Therefore remember Me, I will remember you. Give thanks to Me, and reject not Me>>. [Al-Baqara Sura, Ayah No. 152]

May Allah grant success to all of us.

Source : Ibn-Baz’s Collection of Fatwas and Articles, Vol. 8, p. 424