Prohibition of Relieving Nature on the Paths

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 351
Prohibition of Relieving Nature on the Paths

Allah, the Exalted, says:

And those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly, they bear (on themselves) the crime of slander and plain sin.” (33:58)

1771. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Avoid two habits which provoke cursing.” The Companions said: “What are those things which provoke cursing?” He said, “Relieving on the thoroughfares or under the shades where people take shelter and rest.
[Muslim].

Prohibition of Mourning beyond Three Days (For Women)

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 354
Prohibition of Mourning beyond Three Days (For Women)

1774.  Zainab bint Abu Salamah (May Allah be pleased with them) said: I went to Umm Habibah (May Allah be pleased with her) the wife of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam), when her father Abu Sufyan bin Harb (May Allah be pleased with him) died. Umm Habibah (May Allah be pleased with her) sent for a yellow coloured perfume or something else like it, and she applied it to a slave-girl and then rubbed it on her own cheeks and said: “By Allah, I have no need for perfume, I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying from the pulpit, `It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to mourn for the dead beyond three days, except for the death of her husband; in which case the period of mourning is of four months and ten days.”’ Zainab said: I then visited Zainab, daughter of Jahsh (May Allah be pleased with her) when her brother died; she sent for perfume and applied it and then said: “Beware! By Allah, I don’t feel any need of perfume but I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying from the pulpit, `It is not permissible for a woman who believes in Allah and the Last Day to mourn the dead beyond three days except in case of her husband (for whom the period is) four months and ten days.”’
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Prohibition of raising one’s Eyes towards the sky during As-Salat (ThePrayer)

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 340
Prohibition of raising one’s Eyes towards the sky during As-Salat (The Prayer)

1754. Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “How is it that some people raise their eyes towards the sky during As-Salat (the prayer)?” He stressed (this point) and added, “People must refrain from raising their eyes towards heaven in Salat (prayer), or else their sights will certainly be snatched away.”
[Al-Bukhari].

Abomination of saying: “Forgive me if you wish, O Allah!”

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 332
Abomination of saying: “Forgive me if you wish, O Allah!”

1743. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “You must not supplicate: `O Allah! forgive me if You wish; O Allah bestow mercy on me if You wish.’ But beg from Allah with certitude for no one has the power to compel Allah.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Another narration of Muslim is: “A supplication should be made in full confidence and one should persistently express his desire (before Allah) in his supplication, for no bounty is too great for Allah to bestow (upon his slaves).

1744. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “When one of you supplicates, let him be decisive and he should not say: `O Allah, bestow upon me such and such if You wish’, because no one has the power to compel Him.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Abomination of Holding Conversation after ‘Isha’ (Night) Prayer

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 334
Abomination of Holding Conversation after ‘Isha’ (Night) Prayer

1746. Abu Barzah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) disliked going to bed before the `Isha’ (night) prayer and indulging in conversation after it.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1747. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: Once, towards the end of his life, the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) concluded the `Isha’ (night) prayer and said, “After one hundred years from tonight none of the people on the surface of the earth will survive.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1748. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: Once the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) delayed the `Isha’ (night) prayer till midnight. He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) turned to us after the prayer and said, “All the people slept after offering their prayers, but you who waited, will be accounted as if you were engaged in your prayer throughout the period.

[Al-Bukhari].

Undesirability of Reviling the Rooster

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 324
Undesirability of Reviling the Rooster

1730. Zaid bin Khalid Al-Juhani (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Do not revile the rooster for it wakes you up for prayer.
[Abu Dawud].

Prohibition of passing in front of a Worshipper while he is offeringSalat (Prayer)

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 343
Prohibition of passing in front of a Worshipper while he is offering Salat
(Prayer)

1758. Abul-Juhaim `Abdullah bin Al-Harith (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “If the person who passes in front of a praying person, realizes the enormity of the sinfulness of this act, it will have been better for him to wait forty than to pass in front of him.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

[The narrator was not sure whether the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said forty days, months or years.]

Prohibition of Attributing Rain to the Stars

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 325
Prohibition of Attributing Rain to the Stars

1731. Zaid bin Khalid (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) led the Fajr prayer at Al-Hudaibiyyah after a rainfall during the night. At the conclusion of prayer, he turned towards the people and said, “Do you know what your Rubb has said?” They replied: “Allah and His Messenger know better.” Upon this he remarked, “He has said: `Some of My slaves have entered the morning as My believers and some as unbelievers. He who said: We have had a rainfall due to the Grace and Mercy of Allah, believes in Me and disbelieves in the stars; and he who said: We have had a rainfall due to the rising of such and such star, disbelieves in Me and affirms his faith in the stars.”’
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Undesirability of Glancing in one Direction of the other during Prayer

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 341
Undesirability of Glancing in one Direction of the other during Prayer

1755. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: I asked the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) about random looks in Salat (prayer), and he replied, “It is something which Satan snatches from the slave’s Salat.
[Al-Bukhari].

1756.  Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to me, “Beware of looking around in Salat (prayer), because random looks in Salat are a cause of destruction. If there should be no help from it, it is permissible in the voluntary and not in obligatory Salat.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

Prohibition of giving preference to Children over one another in givingGifts, etc.

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 353
Prohibition of giving preference to Children over one another in giving Gifts,
etc.

1773.  An-Nu`man bin Bashir (May Allah be pleased with them) said: My father took me to the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and said to him: “I have gifted one of my slaves to this son of mine.” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Have you given such gift to every son of yours?” He replied, “No.” Thereupon he said, “Take this gift back.”

     Another narration is: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Be mindful of your obligation to Allah and do justice in respect of your children.” My father came back and revoked his gift.

     Another narration is: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) asked, “Have you other children besides this one?” He said, “Yes.” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) asked, “Have you awarded a gift like this to all of them.” He said, “No.” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “I am not going to bear witness to this act of injustice.”

    Another narration is: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) asked, “Do you not except goodness from all of them as you except from him?” He said, “Yes, of course.” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Then don’t do this (i.e., do not give a gift to one son only).”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Prohibition of Urinating into Stagnant Water

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 352
Prohibition of Urinating into Stagnant Water

1772. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) forbade urinating into stagnant water.
[Muslim].

Abomination of Joining As-Salat (The Prayer) when the Food is ready orwhen one is in desperate need to answer the call of Nature

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 339
Abomination of Joining As-Salat (The Prayer) when the Food is ready or when one
is in desperate need to answer the call of Nature

1753. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “No Salat (prayer) should be performed when the food has been served, nor should it be performed when a person is in need of relieving himself.”
[Muslim].

Prohibition of Obscenity

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 327
Prohibition of Obscenity

1734. Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “A true believer does not taunt or curse or abuse or talk indecently.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

1735. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Indecency does not leave anything untainted and decency does not leave anything ungraced and embellished.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

Prohibition of Sitting on the Graves

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 347
Prohibition of Sitting on the Graves

1766. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “It is much better for one of you to sit on a live coal, which will burn his clothes and get to his skin than to sit on a grave.
[Muslim].

Prohibition of facing the Graves during Salat (Prayer)

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 342
Prohibition of facing the Graves during Salat (Prayer)

1757. Abu Marthad Kannaz bin Husain (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying: “Do not offer Salat (prayer) facing the graves and do not sit on them.”
[Muslim].

Prohibition of raising one’s Head before the Imam

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 337
Prohibition of raising one’s Head before the Imam

1751. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Does he who raises up his head before the Imam not fear that Allah will make his head that of a donkey or make his appearance similar to that of donkey?
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Prohibition of Reviling the Wind

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 323
Prohibition of Reviling the Wind

1727.  Abul-Mundhir Ubaiy bin Ka`b (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Do not revile the wind. When you experience something abominable (about it), supplicate: `Allahumma inna nas’aluka min khairi hadhihir-rihi, wa khairi ma fiha, wa khairi ma umirat bihi. Wa na`udhu bika min sharri hadhihir-rihi, wa sharri ma fiha, wa sharri ma umirat bihi. (O Allah, we beg of You the good of this wind and the good of that which it contains and the good of that which it has been commanded; and we seek refuge in you from the evil of this wind and the evil of that which it contains and the evil of that which it has been commanded).”
[At-Tirmidhi].

1728. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “The wind is the Blessing of Allah. Sometimes it brings His Mercy and sometimes it brings His Chastisement. When you experience it, do not revile it but beg of Allah its good; and seek Allah’s Refuge against its evil.”
[Abu Dawud with good Isnad].

1729. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: Whenever the wind blew strongly, The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) would say: “Allahumma inni as’aluka khairaha, wa khaira ma fiha, wa khaira ma ursilat bihi. Wa a`udhu bika min sharriha, wa sharri ma fiha, wa sharri ma ursilat bihi. (O Allah, I beg of You its good and the good of that which it contains and the good of the purpose for which it has been sent; and I seek Your Refuge from its evil and the evil of that which it contains and the evil of the purpose for which it has been sent).
[Muslim].

Prohibition for a Slave to run away from his Master

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 349
Prohibition for a Slave to run away from his Master

1768. Jarir bin Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “If a slave runs away from his master, his responsibility to him is absolved.”
[Muslim].

1769. Jarir bin Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “When the slave runs away from his master, his Salat (prayer) will not be accepted.”
[Muslim].

Another narration is: “He is guilty of disbelief (i.e., in case he believes in the lawfulness of doing so).”

Abomination of saying: “What Allah Wills and so-and-so Wills”

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 333
Abomination of saying: “What Allah Wills and so-and-so Wills”

1745. Hudhaifah bin Yaman (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Say not: `What Allah wills and so-and-so wills’, but say: `What Allah wills, and then what so-and-so wills.”’
[Abu Dawud with authentic Isnad].

Prohibition of Observing an Optional Saum (Fast) by a Woman without thePermission of her Husband

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 336
Prohibition of Observing an Optional Saum (Fast) by a Woman without the
Permission of her Husband

1750. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “It is not lawful for a woman to observe an optional Saum (fast) without the permission of her husband when he is at home. Nor should she allow anyone to enter his house without his permission.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].