And we say that Allaah took Ibraaheem as an especially beloved one (Khaleel) and that Allaah spoke directly to Moosaa – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah: Lesson 30   : Point [121] 

 ونَقُولُ‏:‏ إِنَّ اللهَ اتخَذَ إبراهيمَ خَلِيلاً، وكَلَّمَ اللهُ مُوسى تكْلِيماً، إِيماناً وتَصْدِيقاً وتَسْلِيماً

[121]  And we say that Allaah took Ibraaheem as an especially beloved one (Khaleel) and that Allaah spoke directly to Moosaa, saying that with eemaan (true faith) and testifying to the truth and with full submission.

[Souncloud Audio Link]

The Explanation – Point [121]

From the `aqeedah (creed and belief) of the Muslims, is that the Messengers (Rusul) are the most excellent of the creation and that the Messengers (Rusul) vary in levels of excellence. So they hold as their creed and belief, that Allaah took Ibraaheem as a Khaleel (an especially beloved one) just as Allaah, the Most High, said,

“..and Allaah took Ibraaheem as a Khaleel (an especially beloved)”  (Sooratun-Nisaa· (4), aayah 125)

And this word ‘al-khullah’ (الخلة), it means: the highest of the levels of love. So Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, has love for His believing servants and for the muttaqeen ( المتقين – the people of taqwaa – those are dutiful to Him) and He has love for the muhsineen (المحسنين – the doers of good) and He loves those who frequently repent (التوابين – at-tawwaabeen) and He loves al-muttatahhireen (المتطهرين – those people who purify themselves). However, al-khullah is a special degree which has not been attained except by two of the creation: Ibraaheem and Muhammad `alayhimassalaatu was-salaam. Just as he `alayhissalaatu was-salaam said,

“Allaah took me as an especially beloved one (Khaleel) just as He took Ibraaheem as an especially beloved one (Khaleel).” [1]

“And Allaah spoke directly to Moosaa”  (Sooratun-Nisaa· (4), aayah 164)

So, He (Allaah) gave excellence to some of the Prophets over others, even though all of them were upon a very high level. However, Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, gave excellence to some over others.

“Those are the Messengers; We gave excellence to some of them over others. From them are those to whom Allaah spoke directly and He raised some in degrees of excellence.” (Sooratul-Baqarah (2), aayah 253)

So, every Prophet was given by Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, a degree of excellence particular to him. So he gave to Ibraaheem and Muhammad `alayhimassalaatu was-salaam, al-khullah (that He made them His specially beloved). And He gave to Moosaa the excellence that He spoke to him directly, without an angel in-between. And Moosaa heard His Speech; so He the Perfect called to him (ناداه – naadaahu) and spoke privately to him (ناجاه – naajaahu). And the term ‘al-munaadaat’ (المنادات) means ‘a raised voice’ and ‘al-munaajaat’ (المناجات) is ‘speaking with a low voice’. Both of these occurred for Moosaa `alayhissalaatu was-salaam and this was a virtue not attained by anyone besides him. And He said at the end of the aayah, “takleemaa (تكليما – with Speech)” for emphasis so that no one could say that this was something metaphorical. So when He has emphasized it with this verbal noun, this proves that it is true and real Speech from Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic. So this contains affirmation of al-Kalaam (الكلام – Speech) for Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic. And it contains affirmation of the virtue of Moosaa `alayhissalaatu was-salaam over other Prophets with regard to this characteristic. And the fact that a Prophet had a particular quality special to him does not necessitate that he is better than the others unrestrictedly. Rather, it means that he was more excellent than other Prophets with regard to this particular quality.

End of explanation of point [121][2]

Footnotes:

[1] Reported by Muslim as a hadeeth of Jundub radiyAllaahu `anh, and something similar occurs in Al-Bukhaaree but not with this particular wording.

[2] Translator’s Side Point: The explainer, Ibn Abil-`Izz, in his explanation of AtTahaawiyyah, he said,

“And just as the station of al-khullah (being an especially beloved one of Allaah) which is confirmed for Ibraaheem salawaatullaahi `alayhi he is shared in that by our Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, as has already preceded. And likewise, the status of being spoken to directly which is confirmed for Moosaa salawaatullaahi `alayhi, then he is shared with that by our Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, as well, as occurs in the hadeeth of the Israa· (the Ascent through the heavens).”

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah AtTahaawiyyah
By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah
Pages 125-128 (Points 118-121)

Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, in 1426AH
Transcribed by Sideeqa Ali

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Opening Du’a in Prayer : O Allah , separate me from my sins as You have separated the East from the West – Dr. Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Excellent Explanation of the Opening Supplication in Salah (Prayer)

[Alternative Mp3 Download Link]

Posted from Audio series: Salah – Described – Dr Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Du’a at the start of the prayer :

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Messenger ﷺ used to keep silent between the Takbir and the recitation of Qur’an and that interval of silence used to be a short one. I said to the Prophetﷺ  “May my parents be sacrificed for you! What do you say in the pause between Takbir and recitation?” The Prophet ﷺ said, “I say,

اللَّهُمَّ بَاعِدْ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ خَطَايَايَ كَمَا بَاعَدْتَ بَيْنَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ، اللَّهُمَّ نَقِّنِي مِنْ خَطَايَايَ، كَمَا يُنَقَّى الثَّوْبُ الْأَ بْيَضُ مِنَ الدَّنَسِ، اللَّهُمَّ اغْسِلْنِي مِنْ خَطَايَايَ بِالثَّلْجِ وَالْمَاءِ وَالْبَرَدِ

Allaahumma baa’id baynee wa bayna khataayaaya kamaa baa’adta baynal-mashriqi walmaghribi, Allaahumma naqqinee min khataayaaya kamaa yunaqqath-thawbul-‘abyadhu minad-danasi, Allaahum-maghsilnee min khataayaaya, bith-thalji walmaa’i walbarad

O Allah , separate me from my sins as You have separated the East from the West. O Allah, cleanse me of my transgressions as the white garment is cleansed of stains . O Allah , wash away my sins with ice and water and frost.

Al-Bukhari 1/181, Muslim 1/419

Translation Source: From the Book “Fortress of the Muslim” ,
Dr. Sa’eed bin Ali Al-Qahtani, Dar-us-Salam Publication

We have eemaan in the Preserved Tablet (Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooz) and in the Pen (Al-Qalam), and whatever Allaah wrote in Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooz – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Lesson 27   : Point [105] 

 ونُؤْمِنُ باللَّوْحِ والقلمِ وبجميعِ مَا فيه قَدْ رُقِمَ‏‏‏‏‏

And we have eemaan in the Preserved Tablet (Al-Lawh) and in the Pen (Al-Qalam), and in everything which has been inscribed in it.

https://soundcloud.com/abdurrahmanorg/we-have-eemaan-in-al-lawh-al-mahfoo-al-qalam-and-whatever-allaah-wrote-in-al-lawh-al-mahfooz

The Explanation – Point [105]

This follows on from what preceded from the speech about Pre-ordainment and Pre-decree. And it has already preceded that from the levels of having eemaan (true faith) in Pre-ordainment and Pre-decree is having eemaan (true faith) in whatever He wrote in Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooz (the Inscribed or Preserved Tablet).  And that is, that Allaah created the creation and the first thing that He created was the Pen (Qalam) and He said to it, “Write!” So it replied, “What should I write?” So He said, “Write whatever is going to happen until the Day of Resurrection.” So the Pen wrote down, by the command of Allaah for it to write down, whatever was going to happen until the Day of Resurrection, as occurs in the hadeeth.[1]

And no one knows how the Preserved Tablet (Al-Lawh) is, and how the Pen is, except Allaah. And they are two created things from the things which Allaah the Mighty and Majestic has created; we have eemaan in that. And so, therefore, the author said: “We have eemaan (true faith) in the Preserved Record and in the Pen, and in whatever has been inscribed in it.” Meaning: Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooz (The Preserved Tablet) and the writing that is in it.

And this is the second level from the levels of eemaan in Pre-ordainment and Pre-decree, and it is: eemaan in the writing in the Preserved Tablet.

End of explanation of point [105][2][3]

Footnotes

[1] This is a hadeeth reported by Aboo Daawood and At-Tirmidhee and Aboo Ya`laa from the statement of the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, and it is also reported by Al-Bayhaqee as a statement of the Companion, which carries the ruling of being from the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. It was declared Saheeh by Shaykh Al-Albaanee rahimahullaah.

[2] Translator’s Side Point: Shaykh Muhammad ibn `Abdul `Azeez ibn Manee`, made a note on this point: We have eemaan in the Preserved Tablet; he said:

“Allaah, the Most High said,

Indeed, it is a Praiseworthy Qur·aan contained in a Preserved Tablet.
(Sooratul-Burooj (85), aayaat 21-22)

So, the Noble Qur·aan is written down in the Preserved Tablet, just as Allaah, the Perfect, mentioned. And Jibreel `alayhis-salaam heard it from Allaah and conveyed it to our Prophet Muhammad `alayhis salaatu was-salaam. So it was sent down from your Lord in truth, and He did not say ‘from the Preserved Tablet’. And there is no contradiction between its being in the Preserved Tablet and between its being sent down from Allaah, as was clarified by Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah. And Shaykhul-Islaam said also, that the Preserved Tablet is above the heavens and there occurs in a hadeeth that no one looks into it except Allaah, the Mighty and the Majestic.

I say: So this shows the misguidance of those who state that the soul of a person can see what is contained in the Preserved Tablet. This is just a statement from the philosophers and from the people of superstitious stories from the worshippers – whether righteous or unrighteous, as is their firm belief. So beware of it because it is a lie.

As for the Pen which is mentioned, then it is what Allaah created; and it wrote the measure of everything in the Preserved Tablet just as occurs in the hadeeth of `Ubaadah ibn AsSaamit reported by Aboo Daawood from the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam that he said,

‘The first thing that Allaah created was the Pen and He said to it, “Write!” So it said, “O my Lord, and what shall I write?” He said, “Write down the decreed measure of everything right until the Hour is established.”’

And the scholars disagree – was the Pen the very first thing that was created or was it the `Arsh (Allaah’s Throne)? They have two sayings in that regard. Ibn Al-Qayyim mentions both of them in his Nooniyyah and he preferred the view that the Pen was created after the `Arsh (Throne).”

[3] Translator’s Side Point: Shaykh Al-Albaanee rahimahullaah, he said on this point:

“I say, with regard to the Preserved Tablet, it is what is mentioned in the saying of Allaah, the Most High,

Indeed, it is a Praiseworthy Qur·aan contained in a Preserved Tablet.
(Sooratul-Burooj (85), aayaat 21-22)

And that is from the Ghayb (Hidden and Unseen) which it is obligatory that we have eemaan (truly believe) in it. And its true reality is not known except to Allaah. And the belief that some righteous people can look into what’s contained in it – this belief is kufr (unbelief) in the aayaat and ahaadeeth which clearly state that no one knows the Ghayb (Hidden and Unseen) except Allaah, the Most High.”

Translator’s Side Point: With regard to the point about which was created first: the Pen or the Throne, Shaykh Al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah), he said:

“The explainer (Ibn Abil-`Izz in his explanation of AtTahaawiyyah), he explained here, that the scholars differed whether the Pen was the very first thing created or the Throne (`Arsh). The scholars had two sayings in that regard and there is no third (saying). (Some of the scholars of the Sunnah said that Allaah’s Throne was first and then the Pen was created and some said that the Pen was created and then after that, Allaah’s Throne was created, and there is no third saying).”

Shaykh Al-Albaanee said:

“And in my view the most preferable one is the first (that the Pen was the very first thing created) as is clearly stated in my note (that he made for AtTahaawiyyah). And I say now, whether what is most correct is this or that, then this difference shows that the scholars are agreed that there was a first created thing. And the idea that created things came into creation and there is always something before it, they are contrary to this agreement (of the scholars).”

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah At-Tahaawiyyah
By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah
Pages 113-117 (Points 98-105)
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, in 1426AH
Transcribed by Sideeqa Ali

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Opening Du’a in Prayer : Subhaanaka Allaahumma wa bihamdika, wa tabaarakasmuka – Explained by Dr. Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Excellent Explanation of the Opening Supplication in Salah (Prayer)

[Alternative Mp3 Download Link]

Posted from Audio series: Salah – Described – Dr Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Dua at the start of the prayer

It was narrated from ‘Aishah that when the Prophet (ﷺ) started Salat he would say:

سُبْحانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ، وَتَبارَكَ اسْمُكَ، وَتَعَالَى جَدُّكَ، وَلاَ إِلَهَ غَيْرُكَ

Glory is to You O Allah, and praise. Blessed is Your Name and Exalted is Your Majesty. There is none worthy of worship but You.

Subhaanaka Allaahumma wa bihamdika, wa tabaarakasmuka, wa ta’aalaa jadduka, wa laa ‘ilaaha ghayruka.

Abu Dawud 775, Ibn Majah 806, An-Nasa’I 899, At-Tirmithi 283. See Al-Albani, Sahih At-Tirmithi 1/77 and Sahih Ibn Majah 1/135.

Translation Source: From the Book “Fortress of the Muslim” ,
Dr. Sa’eed bin Ali Al-Qahtani, Dar-us-Salam Publication

Audio Courtesy : From the website of Dr. Saleh as Saleh rahimahullaah
Visit http://understand-islam.net/site/

[Book Study] Diseases of the Hearts and Their Cures – Imam Ibn Taymiyyah

Diseases of the Hearts and Their Cures - Imam Ibn Taymiyyah

Paperback: 141 Pages Publisher:Dar us-Sunnah Publishers

Buy the Book  @ http://www.authenticstatements.com/bk-00051/

This is a treatise that is found in ‘Fataawaa’ of Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah. The book discusses: the diseases of the hearts and their cures; the diseases of envy, and the diseases of desire and envy.

“Know O beloved reader that it is most important to spend one’s time and energy in treating the heart, and hastening to correct and purify it from sickness and all sins. This is due to the heart occupying a great and lofty position in Islaam, for it is the place to which the Lord looks and the storehouse for tawheed, faith, and sincerity. Actions are distinguished, one from the other, with respect to their excellence in the Sight of Allah in accordance with the condition of the heart, not by their number or form, but rather due to the strength of the caller, his or her truthfulness, his or her sincerity and the extent to which he or she prefers Allah over himself or herself …

Al-Haafidh ibn Hajr al-Asqalaanee, may Allah have mercy upon him and provide us with his knowledge, said:

“The heart has been singled out for this because it is the leader of the body, and through the purification of the leader the subjects become purified, and with his corruption they become corrupted. So if you, O servant of Allah, with to cure your heart then it is upon you to be truthful with regards to seeking refuge with Allah and putting your trust in Him, to pray a great deal of superogatory prayers, to perform the actions of obedience to Allah frequently, to pray the night prayer while the people are sleeping, and to treat your heart by making it continuously stick to the remembrances and by befriending only the righteous … and to frequently recite the Qur’an. And Allah will indeed allow all of this to be preserved by him.”

Main Audio Resources for the Book Study

Diseases of the Hearts & Their Cures – Seminar @ Masjid tawheed Radio
https://www.spreaker.com/show/diseases-of-the-hearts-and-their-cures

The Heart and Its Diseases – Dr Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En] – 4 Mp3 Lectures
Based upon the work of Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibnul Qayyim rahimahumullaah
https://abdurrahman.org/2015/02/21/the-heart-and-its-diseases-dr-saleh-as-saleh/

Supplementary Resources

Signs of an Upright and Healthy Sound Heart – Shaykh Khaalid adh-Dhufayree [Audio|Ar-En]
This a enlightening lecture delivered by the Noble Shaykh, Khalid ibn Dahwi adh-Dhufayree (May Allaah preserve him), from the well known scholars of Kuwait, regarding the signs of an Upright Heart. [mpubs.org]
https://abdurrahman.org/2012/12/26/signs-of-an-upright-heart-shaykh-khaalid-adh-dhufayree-audioar-en/

Polishing the Hearts : Imaam ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyyah
https://abdurrahman.org/2014/01/30/polishinghearts/

Rust on the Heart – Two Causes it & Two Removes it : Imam Ibn al Qayyim – Dr. Saleh as-Saleh [Short Clip]
https://abdurrahman.org/2014/01/10/rust-on-the-heart-two-causes-it-two-removes-it/

[Book] A Treatise In Condemnation Of The Hardness Of The Heart By Imām Ibn Rajab
http://www.authenticstatements.com/a-treatise-in-condemnation-of-the-hardness-of-the-heart-by-im-m-ibn-rajab/

Rejuvenating the heart after repeatedly sinning – Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee
https://abdurrahman.org/2015/08/11/rejuvenating-the-heart-after-repeatedly-sinning/

The Backbiting Of The Heart – Imaam An-Nawawee
https://abdurrahman.org/2015/04/11/the-backbiting-of-the-heart-imaam-an-nawawee/

How the Shaytaan Finds His Way into Somebody’s Heart ? – Permanent Committee
https://abdurrahman.org/2014/08/14/how-the-shaytaan-finds-his-way-into-somebodys-heart/

What Rightens the Heart, and What Corrupts it? – Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee [Mp3|En]
https://abdurrahman.org/2012/11/30/what-rightens-the-heart-and-what-corrupts-it-abu-muhammad-al-maghribee-mp3en/

Dead Hearts and Empty Supplications – Sayings of the Salaf
https://abdurrahman.org/2010/01/16/dead-hearts-and-empty-supplications-sayings-of-the-salaf/

Mahkmoom Heart and a Truthful Tongue – Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani
https://abdurrahman.org/2009/11/08/mahkmoom-heart-and-a-truthful-tongue/

Would the Servants be Accountable for What They Conceal in Their Hearts ? – Tafsir Ibn Kathir
https://abdurrahman.org/2009/12/21/would-the-servants-be-accountable-for-what-they-conceal-in-their-hearts/

Kitaab-ut-Tawheed – Dawud Burbank [Audio Series|En]

An Explanation of Kitab Al-Tawhid by Allama Abd-Rahman Al-Sadi

Audio lessons are by Abu Talhah rahimahullaah, mainly based upon Imam  AbdurRahman Al-Sadi’s explanation, which can be bought here and used as study aid while listening to the series. In addition, Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah also explains some Points from Shaykh Uthaymeen and other Imaams as well.

Here is the brief description of the Book from the Publisher:

This book is a brief yet extremely beneficial explanation of Sheikh al-Islam Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab’s famous Kitab al-Tawhid. The book, as the title suggests, deals with the subject of worshipping Allah alone without associating partners with Him. The author highlights many matters that have become common among Muslims even though they are clearly acts of shirk or associating partners with Allah. Not only is this book distinguished due to the importance of the subject matter but also due to the methodology adopted by the author for which he is well known. The reader will find that the majority of the book consists of verses of the Qur’an, ahadith of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and sayings of the early Muslims.  The explanation presented at the end of each chapter of Kitab al-Tawhid is that of the renowned scholar Allamah Abd al-Rahman al-Sa di, counted among the major scholars of recent times. He was born in al-Qasim, Saudi Arabia, in the year 1307AH, and from a young age became engrossed in the attainment of knowledge. His dedication and thirst for knowledge led him to become an authority in many of the Islamic sciences as is evident from the books that he authored. He passed away in the year 1376 AH, may Allah have mercy on him.

Click on the Links below to Download Mp3

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[11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20] 
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[51][52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59][60]
[61][62][63][64][65][66][67][68][69-Final]

Alternative Download Page:

https://archive.org/details/Kitaab-ut-Tawheed-Dawud-Burbank

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah .
Audio Courtesy: ittibaa.com

The following benefits are extracted from the series

Different Types of Confirmed Intercession – Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Lesson 23   : Point [84] (continued from Lesson 22)

For the Part 01 of Intercession , Listen at the below Link:
The Intercession (ash-shafaa’ah) which Allaah has stored up for them is something TRUE 

[84] وَالشَّفاعَةُ الَّتِي ادَّخَرَها لَهُم حَقٌّ، كما رُوِيَ فِي الْأَخْبارِ‏‏‏‏‏.

[84]  And the intercession (ashshafaa`ah) which He has stored up for them is true, just as is reported in the narrations.


The Explanation – Point [84] (continued from Lesson 22)

(In the previous lesson, we ended with the saying of Shaykh Al-Fawzaan: This is the intercession which is confirmed, with its conditions, and it is of different types.)

From them are: some types which are specific for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and there are some types which are shared between him and between other prophets, and angels and righteous people and the children who die before reaching puberty. All of these people will intercede with Allaah, the Perfect and Most High.

As for the intercession which is specific for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, then there are various types for this.

Firstly: His intercession, `alayhissalaatu was-salaam, interceding for the people of the mawqif (الموقفthe standing place) when the standing becomes very prolonged on the Day of Resurrection, and when the distress becomes severe and when the crowding together of the people is severe and the sun is drawn close to the people’s heads and tremendous distress comes about. Then the people in the gathering place will want someone to intercede for them for the Judgment to be carried out for them so that they can leave the stopping place and go either to Paradise or to the Fire. So they will go to Aadam `alayhis-salaam and he will excuse himself because of how dreadful and serious the standing will be. Then they will go to Nooh `alayhis-salaam – the first of the Messengers, and he will excuse himself. Then they will go to Moosaa – the one to whom Allaah spoke directly, and he will excuse himself. Then they will go to `Eesaa `alayhis-salaam and he will excuse himself also. Then they will go to Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and he will say, “I am the right one for that; I am the right one for that.” Then he (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) will go and fall down in prostration (sajdah) in front of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, and he will praise Him and repeat words of praise upon Him and he will make supplication to Him until it is said to him,

“Raise your head and ask and you will be given it! And intercede and your intercession will be accepted.”[1]

(He will be granted that he can intercede) after he makes du`aa· (supplication) and after he has sought permission; he will not just intercede straight away. Rather, he will make prostration (sajdah) and he will make du`aa· (supplication) and he will repeat words of praise upon Allaah, and he will seek to draw nearer to Him by means of His Names and His Attributes. Then, permission will be given to him for him to intercede; then he will intercede for judgment to be passed between the creation, and Allaah will accept his intercession. And Allaah the Perfect and Most High will come to pass judgment between His servants. He, the One free of all imperfections, said,

But no! When the earth is crushed to dust; and your Lord comes, and the angels – row upon row.  (Sooratul-Fajr (89), aayaat 21-22)

And He, the One free of all imperfections, said,

Do they but await that their Lord comes, screened by clouds, and the angels, and the affair is ended.  (Sooratul-Baqarah (2), aayah 210)

So this is his, `alayhissalaatu was-salaam, intercession regarding judgment being passed between the creation. And this is a tremendous station (which Allaah will give to him) and through it, will give honour and nobility to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. And this is Al-Maqaam Al-Mahmood (المقام المحمود) – the Praiseworthy Station about which Allaah, the One free of all imperfections, said,

And during the night get up and pray as something extra for you. Indeed Allaah will certainly raise you to a Praiseworthy Station.  (Sooratul-Israa· (17), aayah 79)

Because the first to the last of the people will praise him for it, and his, `alayhissalaatu was-salaam, virtue will be made manifest in this tremendous station.

The second intercession which is particular for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, is his interceding for the people of Paradise to enter into Paradise.[2] So, the first one who will request that the gate of Paradise is opened will be Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, and he will be the first one who enters into it.[3] And the first nation who will enter it will be his nation `alayhissalaatu was-salaam.

The third intercession which is particular to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, is his interceding for the people of Paradise, that Allaah should raise their stations and levels. So, he will intercede for some people so that Allaah should raise their levels higher in Paradise; so Allaah will raise them higher through the intercession of the Prophet `alayhissalaatu was-salaam.[4]

The fourth intercession: and it is shared (it’s something for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and for others besides him); it is the intercession with regard to the Ahlil-Kabaa·ir (أهل الكبائر – those guilty of major sins) from the believers, for those who deserved to enter into the Fire, (intercession) that they do not enter the Fire. And also with regard to those who have entered it, that they should be taken out of it. This is the place about which the sects disagree. So the Jahmiyyah and the Khawaarij and their like, they deny this and they say, “Whoever enters into the Fire will not come out from it.” Whereas the Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (the people of the Sunnah and the Jamaa`ah), they affirm it just as it occurs and they hold it as their creed and belief. And it is obligatory upon the Muslim that he holds this as his creed and belief and he has eemaan in it, and that he asks Allaah that He grants the right of intercession to His Prophet `alayhissalaatu was-salaam in this regard, since he is in need of it.

The fifth intercession:

And it is particular to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, and it is his intercession with regard to his paternal uncle Aboo Taalib. Aboo Taalib died upon shirk and upon the religion of `Abdul-Muttalib who was a mushrik (a person of shirk). And he said that he was upon the religion of `Abdul-Muttalib, and he died upon that; so he became of the people of the Hellfire who will remain in it forever. However, Allaah, the Mighty and the Majestic will grant His Messenger `alayhissalaatu was-salaam the right to intercede for Him (Allaah) to reduce the punishment for him so that he will be in a shallow part of the Fire, but even so, he (Aboo Taalib) will still think that there is no one who is suffering a worse torment that him, even though he is the person out of the people of the Fire who is suffering the lightest punishment.[5]

And the intercession with regard to the people guilty of major sins is shared. So the angels will intercede, and the prophets will intercede and the beloved servants of Allaah (will intercede) and the righteous people will intercede,[6] and the children who died below the age of puberty will intercede for their parents.

End of explanation of point [84][7]

Footnotes:

[1] Hadeeth reported by Al-Bukhaaree as hadeeth 3340, 4712, 7510 and by Muslim; it is from a longer hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah radiyAllaahu `anh.

[2] From Anas ibn Maalik radiyAllaahu `anh that Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

“I am the first one who will intercede regarding Paradise.” Reported by Muslim

Translator’s Side Point: In explanation of this hadeeth, AtTeebee said, “Meaning: I will intercede for the disobedient ones from my Ummah, for them to enter into Paradise. Or it is said: I am the first one who will intercede in Paradise with regard to raising the ranks of the people in it.”

[3] From Anas ibn Maalik radiyAllaahu `anh, who said, “Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

‘I will come to the gate of Paradise on the Day of Resurrection and I will request that it be opened. So the gatekeeper will say, “Who are you?” So I will say, “Muhammad.” So he will say, “I have been commanded regarding you, that I should not open it for anyone before you.”’” Reported by Muslim

[4] Translator’s Side Point: Maybe there is a slight oversight in the text of the explanation here. Shaykh Al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah, says here that this intercession of the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, for the people of Paradise who are in Paradise to have their ranks raised higher than what they deserve so that they are given higher places than what they deserve. Here, he says that this is specific to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. However, as we had when the Shaykh hafizahullaah explained Al-`Aqeedah Al-Waasitiyyah, he mentioned this type of intercession and he mentioned that it was not particular to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam – that it was for him and for others besides him as well from the Prophets, martyrs, righteous, and so on; they also have the right to this intercession. Likewise Shaykh Ibn Baaz rahimahullaah in his explanation of Al-Wasaitiyyah, he mentioned the same point – that this type is not specific to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. Wallaahu a`lam.

[5] From Al-Abbaas ibn `Abdul-Muttalib radiyAllaahu `anhu, that he said to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, “Will you be able to suffice your uncle in anything since he used to look after you and become angry for you?” So, he sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam replied,

“He will be in a shallow part of the Fire and if it were not for me, he would be in the lowest depth of the Fire.” Reported by Al-Bukhaaree as hadeeth 3883, and also by Muslim.

[6] So, from Aboo Sa`eed (Al-Khudree) radiyAllaahu `anh, from the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, that he said,

“Allaah the Most High will say, ‘The angels have interceded and the Prophets have interceded and the believers have interceded and none remains except for the Most Merciful of those who show mercy. Then He will take a handful out of the Fire and will bring out a people who never did any good; they will become charcoal and He will cast them in a river at the mouth of Paradise called the River of Life, then they will sprout like the sprouting of seeds on the bank of a torrent, and then they will be entered into Paradise.’”

Hadeeth reported by Muslim.

[7] Translator’s Side Point: Shaykh Al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) said in his small notes with regard to the intercession: “It is something mutawaatir (something supported by hadeeth which has many, many narrators at every level of narration) also. And Ibn Abee `Aasim, in his book: As-Sunnah, he brings six chapters about it – from chapters 163 to168, with hadeeth numbers 784 to 832. And the explainer (Ibn Abil-`Izz), he mentions a number of them, rahimahullaah, in his explanation, and they include the fact that his intercession, sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, is of eight (8) different types.”

Translator’s Side Point: Sometimes the people of knowledge abridge the types of intercession and sometimes they mention them in detail. When they mention them in detail they mention that they are eight (8) different types – the first three (3) of them being particular for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam:

  1. The greater intercession – which is the intercession for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam for the Judgment to be carried out when the people go to each of the Prophets and then they go to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. And as we have heard that occurs in the authentic ahaadeeth, reported by Bukhaaree and Muslim: that he will make sajdah beneath the Throne and make du`aa· to Allaah and praise Him and so on, and his intercession will be granted. This is the ‘greater intercession’ and the standing place there is the Maqaam Al-Mahmood (the Praiseworthy Standing Place) which will be granted to no one except the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam.
  2. The intercession for the people of Paradise to be able to enter into Paradise. Shaykh Al-Uthaymeen rahimahullaah mentions that after the people cross the bridge over the Hellfire, there will be an archway where they will be stopped and any remaining rancour or feeling in their hearts towards each other will be removed and after that is the gate of Paradise. It will not be opened until the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam intercedes for it to be opened. The evidence being the hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah radiyAllaahu `anh, reported by Muslim: “I am the first of those who will intercede with regard to Paradise.”
  3. The intercession of the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam for his uncle Aboo Taalib – that his punishment in the Fire is reduced.

These three types are particular to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. The next five are general – for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and for other than him. The first and greater intercession is agreed upon by all the sects. It is agreed upon by the people of the Sunnah and the deviant sects as well (Mu`tazilah, Khaawarij etc.).

  1. The intercession for those people who deserve the Hellfire, from the people of tawheed who have committed major sins (the disobedient ones) – the intercession that they don’t have to enter the Fire. Shaykh Al-Uthaymeen rahimahullaah mentions as evidence for this: the supplication that is said in the funeral prayer for the deceased. This type of intercession is denied by the Mu`tazilah and the Khaawarij.
  2. For those people of tawheed – the disobedient ones guilty of major sins who deserve entry into the Fire and who have entered into the Fire, intercession that they should be taken out from the Fire. Shaykh Al-Uthaymeen mentions that there are many ahaadeeth to support this. Amongst them is a hadeeth of Aboo Sa`eed al-Khudree –one wording of which we heard – reported by Muslim and also in longer wording by Al-Bukhaaree as hadeeth Again, the Mu`tazilah and the Khaawarij deny this type.
  3. For the ranks of the people of Paradise – that their ranks should be raised higher. The explainer of Al-Waasitiyyah – Ibn Al Fayaad mentions that there is agreement about this type as well. An evidence for it is the hadeeth reported by Al-Bukhaaree as hadeeth 4323 – hadeeth of Aboo Moosaa radiyAllaahu `anh, that the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam made supplication for one of the Companions and said,

“O Allaah! Forgive `Ubayd Aboo `Aamir.”

And that he said,

“O Allaah! On the Day of Resurrection, make him above many of Your creation from the people.”

  1. The intercession with regard to believers whose good and bad deeds are equal – they are the people of ‘The Heights’ – Al-A`raaf (الأعراف) and are mentioned in the seventh soorah; the intercession that they should be allowed to enter into Paradise, and they will.
  2. The intercession for some of the believers to enter into Paradise without there being any reckoning upon them. The evidence for that being the hadeeth of `Ukkaashah about the seventy thousand (70,000) people who would enter Paradise without reckoning. Hadeeth reported by Al-Bukhaaree, Muslim and others.

There is an excellent book on this topic of ashshafaa`ah by Shaykh Muqbil rahimahullaah: AshShafaa`ah (الشفاعة) where the Shaykh compiles all the different hadeeth about ashshafaa`ah. It is more than 300 pages long.

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah At-Tahaawiyyah
By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah
Pages 98-102 (Point 84)
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, in 1426AH
Transcribed by Sideeqa Ali

Points discussed in this excerpt include:

The types of intercession specific for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and the types shared between him and others

From those specific for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam:

  • For judgment to commence on the Day of Judgment
  • For the people of Paradise to enter Paradise
  • For some of the people of Paradise to have their stations and levels raised (there is a side point regarding this not being specific to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam alone)
  • For his uncle Aboo Taalib to have his punishment reduced

From those for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and other than him: For Ahlul-Kabaa·ir from the believers to not enter the Fire and those who have entered to be removed from it

Eight (8) types of intercession of the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

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