“Oh My servants, each of you is astray except those I have guided, so ask me for guidance and I will guide you” – Imam Ibn Rajab

Ibn Rajab al-Ḥanbalī’s book, “Jāmi’ al-‘Ulūm wal-Ḥikam,” is an explanation of the forty-two famous ḥadīth collected by Imām an-Nawawī.  In this article, part of the  twenty-fourth ḥadīth of that book explained.

The Explanation of:

يَا عِبَادِي كُلُّكُمْ ضَالٌّ إِلاّ مَنْ هَدَيْتُهُ، فَاسْتَهْدُوْنِي أَهْدِكُمْ. يَا عِبَادِي كُلُّكُمْ جَائِعٌ إِلاّ مَنْ أَطْعَمْتُهُ، فُاسْتَطْعِمُوْنِي أُطْعِمْكُمْ. يَا عِبَادِي كُلُّكُمْ عَارٍ إِلاّ مَنْ كَسَوْتُهُ، فَاسْتَكْسُوْنِي أُكْسُكُمْ

“Oh my servants, each of you is astray except those I have guided, so ask me for guidance and I will guide you. Oh my servants, each of you is hungry except those I have fed, so ask me for food and I will feed you. Oh my servants, each of you is naked except those I have clothed, so ask me for clothing and I will clothe you.”

This is an indication that all creatures are dependent upon Allah for their well-being and for protection from harm in all of their affairs whether religious or worldly. The servants of Allah possess nothing of these things themselves (without Allah’s assistance).

Whoever has not been graced with the bounties of guidance and sustenance will be deprived of them in this life. And whoever has not been graced by Allah’s forgiveness of his sins, his misdeeds will ruin him in the hereafter. Allah ( تَعَالى ) says:

مَن يَهْدِ اللَّهُ فَهُوَ الْمُهْتَدِ وَمَن يُضْلِلْ فَلَن تَجِدَ لَهُ وَلِيًّا مُّرْشِدًا

Whomever Allah guides is rightly-guided, but whomever he leaves astray, you will never find for him a protecting guide. [Sūrah al-Kahf, 18:17]

There are many similar examples in the Quran. All also says:

مَّا يَفْتَحِ اللَّهُ لِلنَّاسِ مِن رَّحْمَةٍ فَلا مُمْسِكَ لَهَا وَمَا يُمْسِكْ فَلا مُرْسِلَ لَهُ مِن بَعْدِهِ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

Whatever Allah grants to people of mercy, none can withhold it; and whatever he withholds, none can release it thereafter. And he is the Mighty, the Wise. [Sūrah Fāṭir, 35:2]

And:

وَمَا مِن دَابَّةٍ فِي الأَرْضِ إِلاَّ عَلَى اللَّهِ رِزْقُهَا

And there is no creature on earth but that (dependent) upon Allah is its provision. [Sūrah Hūd, 11:6]

And Allah says, quoting the prayer of Adam (the prophet and first of mankind) and his wife (عَلَيْهِِمَا السَّلام) :

قَالا رَبَّنَا ظَلَمْنَا أَنفُسَنَا وَإِن لَّمْ تَغْفِرْ لَنَا وَتَرْحَمْنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

They said, “Our lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if you do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.” [Sūrah al-A’rāf, 7:23]

And quoting Noah, the prophet and first messenger ( عَلَيْهِِ السَّلام ) , Allah says:

وَإِلاَّ تَغْفِرْ لِي وَتَرْحَمْنِي أَكُن مِّنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

“And unless you forgive me and have mercy upon me, I will be among the losers.” [Sūrah Hūd, 11:47]

Abraham ( عَلَيْهِِ السَّلام ), the prophet, messenger, and close friend of Allah, made reference to such affairs being dependent upon Allah as proof that nothing should be worshipped except Allah, and that anything else worshipped besides him is done in falsehood. Abraham said to his people:

قَالَ أَفَرَأَيْتُم مَّا كُنتُمْ تَعْبُدُونَ أَنتُمْ وَآبَاؤُكُمُ الْأَقْدَمُونَ فَإِنَّهُمْ عَدُوٌّ لِّي إِلَّا رَبَّ الْعَالَمِينَ الَّذِي خَلَقَنِي فَهُوَ يَهْدِينِ وَالَّذِي هُوَ يُطْعِمُنِي وَيَسْقِينِ وَإِذَا مَرِضْتُ فَهُوَ يَشْفِينِ وَالَّذِي يُمِيتُنِي ثُمَّ يُحْيِينِ وَالَّذِي أَطْمَعُ أَن يَغْفِرَ لِي خَطِيئَتِي يَوْمَ الدِّينِ رَبِّ هَبْ لِي حُكْمًا وَأَلْحِقْنِي بِالصَّالِحِينَ

He said, “Then do you see what you have been worshipping, you and your forefather of old? They are enemies to me, except the lord of the worlds. And it is He who created me and who guides me, the one who feeds me and gives me drink. When I become sick, it is he who heals me, and he who will cause me to die then give me life again. It is he, I hope, will forgive me for my sins on the Day of Judgment. My lord, grant me authority and join me with the righteous.” [Sūrah al-Shu’arā, 26:75-83]

So the one who alone creates people, guides them, provides them with their sustenance, gives them life and death in this life and forgiveness of their sins in the hereafter—he alone deserves to be singled out as the only god, the only one deserving of worship, prayer and supplication, and humble submission. Allah ( عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ) says:

اللَّهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ ثُمَّ رَزَقَكُمْ ثُمَّ يُمِيتُكُمْ ثُمَّ يُحْيِيكُمْ هَلْ مِن شُرَكَائِكُم مَّن يَفْعَلُ مِن ذَلِكُم مِّن شَيْءٍ سُبْحَانَهُ وَتَعَالَى عَمَّا يُشْرِكُونَ

Allah is the one who created you, then provided for you, then will cause you to die and then will give you life. Are there any of your “partners” (you worship along with him) who does anything of that? Exalted is he and high above what they associate (in worship) with him. [Sūrah al-Rūm, 30:40]

And there are ḥadīth that show Allah loves for his servants to pray and ask for anything contributing to the well-being of their religion or worldly life such as food, drink, clothing, and similar things just as they would ask him for guidance and forgiveness. [22]

Yet some of the Salaf used to be ashamed before Allah to ask him anything of worldly affairs. But following the Sunnah is better and preferable.

As for the statement in the ḥadīth, “each of you is astray except those I have guided,” some people found this to be in contradiction to another ḥadīth in which the prophet ( صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ) said:

يَقُوْلُ اللهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ : خَلَقْتُ عِبَادِي حُنَفَاءً) وَفِي رِوَايَةٍ : مُسْلِمِيْنَ( فَاجْتَالَتْهُمْ الشَّيَاطِيْنُ

Allah ( عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ) said, “I have created my servants inclining to believe in the truth (and in another narration: “as Muslims”) but the devils misled them.” [Recorded by Muslim (no. 2865]

But there is actually no contradiction here. Allah created all the children of Adam with an innate nature to accept (the monotheism of) Islam, to be more inclined toward it as opposed to any other belief, and to be predisposed and prepared with the capacity for accepting it. However, a servant must still take the action to learn Islam; without actually learning about it, he is ignorant, knowing nothing of it just as Allah ( عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ) says:

وَاللَّهُ أَخْرَجَكُم مِّن بُطُونِ أُمَّهَاتِكُمْ لا تَعْلَمُونَ شَيْئًا

And Allah has brought you out of your mothers’ wombs not knowing anything.[Sūrah al-Naḥl, 16:78]

And he said to his prophet ( صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ):

وَوَجَدَكَ ضَالاًّ فَهَدَى

And he found you lost but he guided you. [Sūrah al-Ḍuḥá, 93:7]

The preceding verse means that he found you while you had no knowledge of the book (the Quran) and wisdom (the Sunnah) as He ( تَعَالى ) says:

وَكَذَلِكَ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ رُوحًا مِّنْ أَمْرِنَا مَا كُنتَ تَدْرِي مَا الْكِتَابُ وَلا الإِيمَاَانُ وَلَكِن جَعَلْنَاهُ نُورًا نَّهْدِي بِهِ مَن نَّشَاءُ مِنْ عِبَادِنَا

And thus we have revealed to you an inspiration by our command. You neither knew what the book was nor faith, but we have (now) made it a light by which we guide whomever we will of our servants. [Sūrah al-Shūrá, 45:52]

So people are born with a natural inclination to accept and believe in truth. If Allah then guides them then that is the reason they know guidance and become guided in action after they were guided at birth with the inclination and capacity to accept truth and guidance. But for whomever Allah has abandoned, he will be destined to learn from those who would teach him beliefs that would change his natural disposition. This is similar to the statement of the prophet ( صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ) :

كُلِّ مَوْلُودٍ يُولَدُ عَلَى الْفِطْرَةِ، فَأَبَوَاهُ يُهَوِّدَانِهِ وَيُنَصِّرَانِهِ وَيُمَجِّسَانِهِ

Every newborn is born upon the natural disposition, but his parents may then raise him as a Jew, as a Christian, or as a Zoroastrian.

[Recorded by al-Bukhārī (no. 1358) and Muslim (no. 2658)]

As for a believer asking Allah for guidance, guidance is of two types:

General Guidance: This type is the guidance to Islam, faith and this occurs only with believers.

Specific Guidance: This second type is the guidance to knowing the details of faith and belief of Islam and Allah’s assistance in acting in accordance with those details. Every believer needs this type of guidance night and day. And this is why Allah instructs his worshippers to recite in every prayer:

اِهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ

Guide us to the straight path. [Sūrah al-Fātiḥah, 1:5]

And the prophet (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ) used to say in one of his nighttime supplications:

اهْدِنِي لِمَا اخْتُلِفَ فِيهِ مِنَ الْحَقِّ بِإِذْنِكَ ، إِنَّكَ تَهْدِي مَنْ تَشَاءُ إِلَى صِرَاطٍ  مُسْتَقِيمٍ

Guide me, in matters that are inconsistent with the truth, by your permission. You certainly guide whomever you will to a straight path. [Recorded by Muslim (no. 770)]

Similarly, the one who sneezes to which another replies, “May Allah have mercy on you,” should say, “May Allah guide you,” as has been narrated in the Sunnah.[30] And although some scholars (of the past) of Iraq rejected this under the assumption that one does not need to ask for guidance for a Muslim, most scholars differ with them by following the Sunnah in this matter.

Regarding this specific guidance, the prophet ( صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ) also instructed ‘Alī to ask Allah for correctness and guidance.[31] And he ( صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ) instructed al-Ḥasan to say in the supplication during the Witr Prayer:

اللَّهُمَّا اْهْدِنِي فِيْمَنْ هَدَيْتَ

Allah, guide me with those you have guided.[32]

Foot Notes:

[22] As some examples of such ḥadīth, the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) said:

إِنَّهُ مَنْ لَمْ يَسْأَلِ اللهَ تَعَالى يَغْضَبْ عَلَيْهِ

Indeed, whoever does not ask Allah ( تَعَالى ), he becomes angry with him.

[Recorded in “Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan al-Tirmidhī” (no. 2686) and “Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan Ibn Mājah” (no. 3085) by al-Albānī]

And he ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) said:

أَعْجَزُ النَّاسِ مَنْ عَجَزَ عَنِ الدُّعَاءِ

The most deficient of people is he who fails to supplicate. [Recorded in “Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah” (no. 601) by al-Albānī]

And the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) also instructed:

سَلُوْا اللهَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ حَتَّى الشِّسْع، فَإِنَّ اللهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ إِنْ لَمْ يُيَسِّرْهُ لَمْ يَتَيَسَّر

Ask Allah for everything, even for a shoe strap. For if Allah ( عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ) did not make such a thing easy, it would certainly not be easy.

[See al-Albānī’s statements about no. 21 of his “Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ḍaī’fah”]

And he ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) said:

لَيْسَ شَيْءٌ أَكْرَمُ عَلَى اللهِ تَعَالَى مِنَ الدُّعَاءِ

There is nothing more honorable to Allah ( تَعَالى ) than supplication.

[Recorded in “Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan al-Tirmidhī” (no. 2684) and “Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan Ibn Mājah” (no. 3087) by al-Albānī]

[30] See “Ṣaḥīḥ al-Wābil al-Sayyib” (pgs. 237-238).

[31] In a ḥadīth, recorded by Muslim (no. 2725), ‘Alī ( رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ ) said: The prophet (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ) instructed me:

قُل : اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِي وَسَدِّدْنِي وَاذْكُرْ بِالْهُدَى هِدَايَتَكَ الطَّرِيقَ وَبِالسَّدَادِ سَدَادَ السَّهْمِ

Say, “Allah, guide me and correct me,” intending thereby with “your guidance,” the guidance of (a traveler on) a path, and with “correctness,” the straightness of an arrow.

[32] This ḥadīth is recorded by Abū Dāwūd (no. 1425) and al-Albānī said it is authentic in “Saḥīḥ Sunan Abī Dāwood” (no. 1263). It is also recorded by al-Tirmidhī (no. 464), al-Nasāī (3/248), and Ibn Mājah (no. 1178). Ahmad Shākir also said it is authentic in his notes of “Sunan al-Tirmidhī.”

The full Qunūt supplication is:

اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِي فِيمَنْ هَدَيْتَ ، وَعَافِنِي فِيمَنْ عَافَيْتَ ، وَتَوَلَّنِي فِيمَنْ تَوَلَّيْتَ ، وَبَارِكْ لِي فِيمَا أَعْطَيْتَ ، وَقِنِي شَرَّ مَا قَضَيْتَ ، إِنَّكَ تَقْضِي وَلا يُقْضَى عَلَيْكَ ، وَإِنَّهُ لا يَذِلُّ مَنْ وَالَيْتَ ، وَلا يَعِزُّ مَنْ عَادَيْتَ ، تَبَارَكْتَ رَبَّنَا وَتَعَالَيْتَ

Oh Allah, guide me with those you have guided. Heal me with those you have healed. Care for me with those you have cared for. Bless me in what you have given, and protect me from the evil of what you have decreed. Indeed, you decree while no one decrees against you. Whomever you show loyalty towards will never be humiliated, and whomever you show enmity towards will never be honored. Blessed are you, our lord, and you are exalted far above (any weakness).

Posted from the article : The Forbiddance of Oppression –  Ibn Rajab al-Ḥanbalī rahimahullaah | Translated by Abu az-Zubayr Harrison rahimahullaah

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The Religion of Islam is appropriate for every time, place, and condition – Shaykh Uthaymeen

Bismillaah

Allah says:

لِمَن شَاءَ مِنكُمْ أَن يَسْتَقِيمَ

For whoever wills among you to take the straight path (Surah al-Takwir Verse 28)

Here, the Arabic noun for the verb used is اِسْتِقَامَة (istiqāmah) which means “moderation.” And there is nothing more moderate or just than the justice found within Allah’s legislated religion. Previous legislations were suitable for earlier nations, appropriate for their time, place, and circumstances. Likewise, after the mission of the messenger Muhammad ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ), the legislation he brought is suitable and applicable to those to whom he was sent – everyone from the beginning of his mission until the end of this world.

There is a well-known saying in our religion: The religion of Islam is suitable and ensures the well-being of every time, place, and circumstance. When people stick to it, Allah corrects the affairs of creation.

Consider that a person is instructed to pray standing. If he is unable to stand, then sitting, and if unable to sit, he may pray lying down. In this way, the religion is suitable and easily applied—and progressive—according to the circumstances of each individual. This religion is appropriate for every time, place, and condition. Similarly, someone who washes for prayer may use water if he is able or has it. Otherwise, he may use clean sand or even pray without washing at all. This is because Allah’s religious legislation, all of it, is based on moderation and justice. There is no unfairness, discrimination, oppression, strictness or hardship in it. For this reason, Allah refers to it as “ the straight path ” .

The opposite of this istiqāmah, this moderation or “straightness,” is deviation – deviation to the side of extremism and intolerance or deviation to the side of negligence and slackness. So people follow three different paths regarding the religion of Allah: 1) the path of extremism, intolerance, or extravagance; 2) the path of negligence and carelessness, and 3) the path of moderation between the two extremes. This third path is the ” the straight path ” , the praiseworthy manner of following the religion of Allah.

As for the first and second paths, extremism and negligence, both lead to destruction. They destroy their followers with excessiveness or negligence. For example, the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) forbade people from going to the extreme of intolerance and harshness; he said:

هَلَكَ الْمُتَنَطِّعُونَ ، هَلَكَ الْمُتَنَطِّعُونَ ، هَلَكَ الْمُتَنَطِّعُونَ

The harsh ones are destroyed, the harsh ones are destroyed, the harsh ones are destroyed.[54]

Harshness brings about hardship and causes people to leave the religion of Allah ( عزّ وجلّ ). The other extreme, that of negligence and carelessness, has also been criticized. Allah says, describing the hypocrites:

وَإِذَا قَامُوا إِلَى الصَّلَاةِ قَامُوا كُسَالَىٰ يُرَاءُونَ النَّاسَ وَلَا يَذْكُرُونَ اللَّهَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا

And when they stand up for prayer, they stand with laziness and (only) to be seen of men, and they do not remember Allah but little. [Sūrah al-Nisā, 4:142]

The religion of Allah is one of moderation, between extremism and negligence, and this is why Allah says:

“For whoever wills among you to take the straight path”.

Whoever wills to take this path, let him not deviate right or left. He should constantly remain straight on his religion.

As for this “straightness” as it relates to behaving with the creator—which is to worship him alone—it also relates to one’s behavior with his creation. So your character toward people should be between these two extremes. Neither be harsh, intolerant, and overly strict; nor be careless, or behave as inferior or feeble. Rather, behave with seriousness though with leniency toward others.

Some scholars used to advise judges to be lenient yet without weakness, strong yet without harshness. One’s leniency and gentleness should not lead him to become weak, yet one’s strength should not lead him to behave harshly with others. Instead, a person should be lenient but not weak, strong without harshness so that he achieves moderation in all his affairs. You find some people always acting rough, inflexible, or confrontational as if he is above everyone else. This is wrong. Others you see them among people as if they were worthless, so humble that they belittle themselves. They behave totally indifferent or as if they have no dignity. This is also wrong.

People should be between the two extremes as was the guidance and character of the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ). He was tough in situations which called for that, gentle when gentleness was appropriate. So we should try to behave with others with seriousness and determination yet also with leniency and mercy.

Footnotes:

[54] Collected by Muslim. Imam al-Nawawī, in his explanation of Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, explained the Arabic word in the ḥadīth المُتَنَطِّعُوْن (al-Mutanaṭṭi’ūn), to mean, “The extremists who go beyond the limits in their statements and actions.” In another ḥadīth collected by Muslim, the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) said:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ رَفِيقٌ يُحِبُّ الرِّفْقَ ، وَيُعْطِي عَلَى الرِّفْقِ مَا لا يُعْطِي عَلَى الْعُنْفِ

Indeed, Allah is gentle and loves gentleness. He gives due to gentleness that which he does not give due to harshness.

Source:  Explaining Sūrah al-Takwīr – Shaykh Uthaymeen | Translated by Abu az-Zubayr Harrison

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The Issue of Freewill & Allaah’s statement “You do not will unless Allah wills” – Shaykh Uthaymeen

Bismillaah

لِمَن شَاءَ مِنكُمْ أَن يَسْتَقِيمَ

For whoever wills among you to take the straight path (Surah al-Takwir Verse 28)

For whoever wills” is connected to what came before it, “It is only a reminder to the worlds, for whoever among you wills to take the straight path“. As for those who choose not to take the straight path, they neither accept the reminder, nor do they gain any benefit from it. Allah says about those who do accept the reminder:

إِنَّ فِي ذَلِكَ لَذِكْر َ لِمَن كَانَ لَهُ قَلْبٌ أَوْ أَلْقَى السَّمْعَ وَهُوَ شَهِيدٌ

In that is surely a reminder for whoever has a heart or listens while he is heedful. [Sūrah Qāf, 50:37]

For anyone who does not want to take this straight path, there is no way to benefit such a person with this Qur’an.

The Issue of Freewill:

Here is a question: Do people actually have freewill to do as they choose? Yes, people have the freedom to choose as they will. Allah (عزّ وجل) has allowed each person the freedom of choice and freewill; if he wants, he does something, if not he does not do it.

If this were not the case—if people had no freewill—then anyone to whom the messengers were sent would have an excuse against Allah to plead (because they disbelieved): “We had no choice in the matter.”

So yes, people certainly have the freedom to act on their choices. Each individual knows that if he decides, for example, to visit Mecca, Medina, or some other place, it is by his choice. Anytime a person makes a choice, it is by his own decision. He neither feels others force his choice on him or force him to prefer one thing over another.

Similarly, if an individual chooses to obey Allah, it is by his own choice. And should someone choose to commit a sin, it is also by his own choice. So people do have freewill yet we know with total certainty that people will never “will,” or actually make something happen (including his own actions), unless Allah has willed it to happen before it happens. For this reason, after “For whoever wills among you to take the straight path” Allah then clarifies: “And you do not will unless Allah wills“.

We do not will for anything to happen unless Allah has already allowed it to happen. So when anything happens, we know Allah has obviously allowed it to take place. If Allah had not allowed it to happen, we could not have willed it to occur ourselves as Allah  (تعالى) says:

وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ مَا اقْتَتَلَ الَّذِينَ مِن بَعْدِهِم مِّن بَعْدِ مَا جَاءَتْهُمُ الْبَيِّنَاتُ وَلَكِنِ اخْتَلَفُوا فَمِنْهُم مَّنْ آمَنَ وَمِنْهُم مَّن كَفَرَ ۖ وَلَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ مَا اقْتَتَلُوا

If Allah had willed, those (generations) succeeding them would not have fought each other after the clear proofs had come to them. But they differed, so some of them believed and some of them disbelieved. And if Allah had willed, they would not have fought each other. [Sūrah al-Baqarah, 2:253]

So after we have done anything, we know we chose to do it based on our will and choice, but we also know that this occurred by the will of Allah (عزّ وجل), If he had not willed it, we would not have accomplished it.

Now we come to another question: Based on the points above, we then have an excuse to commit sins because whatever happens, Allah allows it and has willed it. We say no, we have no justification for sinning because we have no way of knowing whether Allah has willed something or not until after we have done the deed – after we have chosen to do it. We cannot say, “Allah has willed this for me,” until the sin has already taken place. So once the sin does take place, once it is committed, why was it committed? Because of our freewill and our choice to do it. Therefore, sinners have no justification or excuse before Allah. He nullifies this claim by saying:

سَيَقُولُ الَّذِينَ أَشْرَكُوا لَوْ شَاءَ اللَّهُ مَا أَشْرَكْنَا وَلا آبَاؤُنَا وَلا حَرَّمْنَا مِن شَيْءٍ ۖ كَذَلِكَ كَذَّبَ الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِهِمْ حَتَّى ذَاقُوا بَأْسَنَا 

Those who associated others (in worship) with Allah will say, “If Allah had willed, we would not have associated partners with him, nor would our fathers, and we would not have forbidden anything (against his will).” Likewise, those before them denied until they tasted our punishment. [Sūrah al-An’ām, 6:148]

If they had any justification for making their Shirk (worshipping others with Allah), then they would not have been punished by Allah; they would have been spared the punishment. But they had no right or excuse to worship others, so they were punished. As another example, consider that if someone were informed about a land, safe and peaceful, with sufficient provision and affluence for everyone, everywhere and with successful commerce and a strong economy not found in another land. At the same time, the person is also told of a land where people constantly fear for their lives, live in chaos, having no reliable economy, no law and order, no guaranteed safety for anyone. To which land would he choose to travel? Of course, he travels to the first land and he does not imagine someone, somewhere has forced him to make his decision. He chose the first land based on his own determination and freewill.

We have before us now a similar choice: a path to good and a path leading to evil. Allah has already clearly simplified the two for us: this is the path to Paradise, this one to Hell.

In addition, he explained some of what is waiting for us in Paradise of blessings and enjoyment and some punishments that await us in the fire. Which path do we take? Clearly, we would choose the path to Paradise just like we would choose to move to the peaceful land over the land in turmoil. Had we chosen the path to the fire, we alone would have justifiably been to blame. We would have made the worst, most foolish choice just as if we had decided to move to the land of fear and instability. Everyone would understandably hold us responsible for our own choice.

Therefore, in Allah’s statement “For whoever wills among you“, he confirms that each individual has the choice and will to decide his actions; he has freewill. Still, we know that even before we do or will anything, once it has happened, we know full well that Allah willed it to happen. Otherwise, it would not have occurred.

Many times, people become determined to do something, yet at the last minute they find themselves unable to do it for whatever reason. This is because Allah did not will such an action to take place. For example, we may decide to go to the mosque to attend a lecture, yet on our way there, we may then remember we have some other obligations which prevent us from attending.

As a final example, it is said that a common Bedouin, knowing little about the details of religion, was asked, “How do you know you have a Lord?” he answered, “By unfulfilled determination and changes in plans.” In other words, a person may be fully determined to do something, completely resolved and able to do it. Yet, something totally contradictory to his intentions occurs. Who changed his resolve? He does not think someone made him prefer something over his original decision. Instead, Allah simply did not will it to happen.

Similarly, a person may plan to do something and sets out to accomplish his plans, but he then finds within himself some reason not to carry out his plans. It may be something physically preventing him or simply a change of mind; he decides to do something else instead. All of this is from Allah (عزّ وجل).

Source : Explaining Sūrah al-Takwīr  – Shaykh Muḥammad Ibn Ṣāliḥ al-‘Uthaymīn. Translated by Abu az-Zubayr Harrison

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Explaining Sūrah al-Takwīr – Shaykh Muḥammad Ibn Ṣāliḥ al-‘Uthaymīn

Bismillaah

Title: Explaining Sūrah al-Takwīr
Original Title: تفسير جزء عمّ
Original Author: Muḥammad Ibn Ṣāliḥ al-‘Uthaymīn
Translator : Abu az-Zubayr Harrison – authentic-translations.com

Click on the below link to read or download the full article PDF:

Explaining Surah al-Takwir – Shaykh Uthaymeen [PDF] [45 Pages]

The following posts are extracted from this e-book:

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When does the first hour of the Friday prayer begin? – Shaykh Uthaymeen

Bismillaah

Q.316. When does the first hour of the Friday prayer begin?

A. The hours which the Messenger (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) has mentioned are five in number; he said:

Whoever bathed on Friday, performing the Ghusl of major ritual impurity (Janabah), then went (to the Masjid) in the first hour, he is like one who offers a camel as a sacrifice, and he who comes at the second hour is like one who offers a cow, and he who comes at the third hour is like one who offers a ram with horns, and he who comes at the fourth hour is like one who offers a hen, and he who comes at the fifth hour is like one who offers an egg.” [01]

So, he has divided the time from sunrise until the arrival of the Imam into five parts. Each part might be equivalent to the well known hour (i.e. 60 minutes), or the hour might be more or less, because the time changes, so the hours are five between the sunrise and the arrival of the Imam for the prayer. It begins from sunrise, although it has been said that it is from the start of Fajr, but the former is more likely, because before sunrise is the time for the Fajr prayer.

[01] Reported by Al-Bukhari in the Book of the Friday Prayer, in the Chapter: The Virtue of the Friday Prayer (881); and by Muslim in the Book of the Friday Prayer, in the Chapter: Perfume and Siwak on Friday (850).

Source: Fatwa Arkanul Islam, Volume 2 – Shaykh Uthaymeen, Dar-us-Salam English Publication

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“al-Ḥamdu lillāhi Rabbil-‘Ālamīn” – Explained by Shaykh Uthaymeen

Bismillaah

The Explanation of Verse 1 of Sooratul Faatiha

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ

(al-Ḥamdu lillāhi Rabbil-‘Ālamīn)
All praise and thanks are for Allah, the lord of all creations.

“All praise and thanks” (al-Ḥamd): This word الْحَمْدُ (al-Ḥamd) is used only to describe someone, out of love and honor, with complete perfection of self, attributes, and actions. So, Allah is perfect in his self, his attributes, and his actions. This praising, however, must be with a condition, it must be made with love and honor. The people of knowledge say that simply describing someone with perfection yet not out of real love and honor for the praised one is not called حَمْدُ (Ḥamd). Rather, in that case it would only be called مَدْح (Madḥ) (a lesser degree of praise or admiration). Therefore, this (second) type of praising occurs often from people while they may not really love the one they are praising. Often, they only want to gain something from them. For example, some poets stand before their government leaders and recite poetry of amazing praiseworthy descriptions of them yet void of any real love for them. The poets’ love is for the wealth they are given or they do this out of fear of the leaders. On the contrary, our praise for our lord is a form of praise out of love and honor. So, “All praise and thanks” is to praise the one described with total perfection out of love and honor for him.

The ال (al-) in الْحَمْدُ (al-Ḥamd) is inclusive, meaning that it includes all forms of praise and thanks.

“are for Allah” (lillāhi): The لِ (li) is to show possession and a sense of deserving. The name “Allah” is the proper name of our lord ( عزّ وجلّ ) and no one else is given this name; it means the one god that is worshipped out of love and honor.

“the lord” (Rabb): The word “lord” here includes three main descriptions: the creator, the owner, and the controller of all affairs. So, he is the creator of all that exists, the owner of all that exists, and the controller of everything.

“of all creations” (al-‘Ālamīn): As for the word “‘Ālamīn”, the scholars say it refers to anything and everything other than Allah. Everything else besides Allah is described with this word because the very existence of everything is a sign or indication (in Arabic: Ālam) that they have a creator (سبحانه وتعالى) In every form of creation there is a sign indicating the existence of its creator, his capability, wisdom, mercy, power, and the rest of his attributes of lordship.

Points of Benefit of al-Fātiḥah, Verse 1:

1. One of the beneficial points we gain from this verse is the affirmation of praise of perfection to Allah ( عزّ وجلّ ). This is shown by the “al-” in the word “al-Ḥamd” because this definite article in Arabic grammar is inclusive to include all forms or praise and gratitude.

2. It also shows that Allah alone deserves all forms of praise and gratitude. For this reason, the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) used to say whenever something happened he was happy with:

الحَمْدُ للهِ الَّذِي بِنِعْمَتِهِ تُتِمُّ الصَّالِحَات

All praise and thanks are for Allah by whose favor righteous deeds are fulfilled.

And he would say when if something did not please him:

الحَمْدُ للهِ عَلَى كُلِّ حَالٍ

All praise and thanks are for Allah in all situations.[18]

3. Another point of benefit from the verse is the description of Allah with his sole right to worship first before describing him with his lordship. This is either indicated because the name “Allah” is his proper name, specific to him and the source of all the rest of His names; or it is due to the fact that the people the messengers were sent to used to only deny Allah’s sole right to worship. Most of the people did not deny Allah’s lordship (that he is the creator, owner, and controller of everything).

4. This verse also proves Allah’s complete lordship over all of the creations due to his statement: “The lord of all creations.”

Footnotes:

[18] Recorded by Ibn Mājah (no. 3803) and al-Ḥākim in his “Mustadrak” (1/449) and he said, “This ḥadīth has an authentic chain of narrators.” adh-Dhahabī agreed with him. The famous ḥadīth scholar, al-Albānī, said it is “ḥasan” in “Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan Ibn Mājah” (no. 3066).

Posted from the article : Explaining Surah al-Fatihah – Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen rahimahullaah | Translated by Abu az-Zubayr Harrison rahimahullaah

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“Whoever conceals (the faults of) a Muslim, Allah will conceal him in this life and the hereafter” – Imam Ibn Rajab

Bismillaah

The Explanation of:

وَمَنْ سَتَرَ مُسْلِمًا سَتَرَهُ اللَّهُ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالآخِرَةِ

“Whoever conceals (the faults of) a Muslim, Allah will conceal him in this life and the hereafter.”

This is another point that is emphasized by other texts with similar meanings. Ibn Mājah recorded a ḥadīth from Ibn ‘Abbās ( رضي الله عنه ) that the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) said:

مَنْ سَتَرَ عَوْرَةَ أَخِيهِ الْمُسْلِمِ سَتَرَ اللَّهُ عَوْرَتَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ، وَمَنْ كَشَفَ عَوْرَةَ أَخِيهِ الْمُسْلِمِ كَشَفَ اللَّهُ عَوْرَتَهُ حَتَّى يَفْضَحَهُ بِهَا فِي بَيْتِهِ

Whoever conceals the faults of his Muslim brother, Allah will conceal his faults on the Day of Resurrection. And whoever exposes the faults of his Muslim brother, Allah will expose his faults even by revealing those he committed in (the privacy of) his home.[22]

It is reported that some of the Salaf said something similar:

I have met people having no shameful faults but they began to mention the faults of others, so the people began discovering their faults. And I met people who had faults, yet they used to conceal other people’s faults, so their own faults were forgotten.

The ḥadīth of Abū Barzah ( رضي الله عنه ) also supports this in that the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) said:

يَا مَعْشَرَ مَنْ آمَنَ بِلِسَانِهِ وَلَمْ يَدْخُلْ الإِيمَانُ قَلْبَهُ ، لا تَغْتَابُوا الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَلا تَتَّبِعُوا عَوْرَاتِهِمْ ، فَإِنَّهُ مَنْ اتَّبَعَ عَوْرَاتِهِمْ يَتَّبِعُ اللَّهُ عَوْرَتَهُ ، وَمَنْ يَتَّبِعْ اللَّهُ عَوْرَتَهُ يَفْضَحْهُ فِي بَيْتِهِ

Oh you who have believed with your tongues but faith has not yet entered your hearts, do not back-bite Muslims. Do not seek to discover their faults, for whoever seeks after their faults, Allah will seek his faults. And if Allah seeks after someone’s faults, he will expose him for even (what he committed) in his home. [23]

Imam al-Tirmidhī collected a ḥadīth with a similar meaning from Ibn ‘Umar ( رضي الله عنه ) [24]

And know that people or are two types in this regard:

1. People whose faults are not know to others in that they may have committed them in private but nothing of their sins is known. If they make a mistake or sin, it is not permissible to reveal or expose it or even speak about it. That would be the forbidden type of back-biting that has been condemned in the texts. Regarding this, Allah (عزّ وجلّ) said:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ يُحِبُّونَ أَن تَشِيعَ الْفَاحِشَةُ فِي الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَهُمْ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ

Indeed, those who like that immorality should be spread and publicized among those who believe, there will be for them a painful punishment in this world and in the hereafter.[25]

This spreading and publicizing of such immorality from a believer could be regarding something the person actually did or something he is wrongly accused of, being innocent of it, such as the case with the famous story of the lie against ‘Āishah, the wife of the prophet (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم).

Some righteous officials used to instruct those who enjoin good upon people saying, “Try to conceal the sinners, for publicizing their sins is a means of showing the faults of the people of Islam, and the most important thing is to conceal people’s faults.”

Likewise, if a remorseful person comes repenting and admitting his crime, he is not to be exposed or inquired about. Rather, he is ordered to return and conceal his affair as the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) instructed Mā’iz and a Ghāmīdee woman. [26]

He ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) also did not inquire into the affair of the one who came to him saying, “I transgressed the prescribed limit, so establish the punishment upon me.” [27]

In the same way, if such a person were to be taken to account for his crime yet the news of which had not reached the leader, then intercession should be made on his part so that he would not inform the leader.

Similarly, there has come a ḥadīth in which the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) said:

أَقِيلُوا ذَوِي الْهَيْئَاتِ عَثَرَاتِهِمْ إِلاّ الْحُدُودَ

Pardon those of prestigious character of their faults except the prescribed punishments. [28]

2. The second type of people with respect to sins is those who are well-known for their sins, those who openly and publicly commit them. They themselves are neither concerned at all with the sins they commit, nor with what people say about them. These are the wicked ones who openly display their crimes. Such people do not have the honor of others refraining from back-biting them as has been reported from al-Ḥasan al-Baṣrī and others. Regarding such people, there is no problem with inquiring about their affairs in order to establish the prescribed rulings against them. Some of our companions have explicitly stated this, using as evidence the statement of the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) to Unays ( رضي الله عنه ):

وَاغْدُ يَا أُنَيْسُ إِلَى امْرَأَةِ هَذَا فَإِنْ اعْتَرَفَتْ فَارْجُمْهَا

Go in the morning, Unays, to the wife of this man (she was accused of adultery) and if she confesses, stone her.[29]

Also, regarding this type of people, intercession is not to be made on their behalf when taken to account even if the news has not reached the leader. Rather, they are left to have the prescribed penalties pronounced upon them so that their crime is known as a deterrent to others like them.

Imam Mālik said:

Whoever is not known for harming the people, yet may have made some errors or mistakes, then there is no problem with interceding and pleading on his behalf as long as his crimes have not already been conveyed to the leader. As for those who are known for their evil and corruption, I do not like that anyone should intercede or argue on their behalf. Rather they are left to have the sentences carried out upon them.

Ibn al-Mundhir and others have also reported this.

Imam Aḥmad also disliked that crimes should be raised up to the attention of the authorities in every circumstance because often they would not carry out the prescribed punishments as they should. For this he said, “If you know that the ruling will be (correctly) pronounced upon a person, then raise the matter (to the attention of the leaders).” It was mentioned that some people beat a man (as a punishment for a crime) until he died, while killing him was not permissible. If only the person would have repented from the time he committed the offense, it would have been better for him in that he repents for something between him and Allah, thereby concealing his own sin. As for his second offense, some people are of the opinion he should do the same—he should not disclose it. Still, others have said that even upon the first offense, a person should come to the leader and confess against himself in what requires a prescribed punishment so that he may be purified (of his crime).

Footnotes:

[22] Authentic: Recorded by Ibn Mājah (no. 2546) and al-Albānī said it is authentic in “Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan Ibn Mājah” (no. 2063).

[23] Authentic: Recorded by Abū Dāwūd (no. 4880) and Imam Aḥmad. al-Albānī said it is authentic (Hasan Ṣaḥīḥ) in “Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan Abī Dāwūd” (no. 4083).

[24] The ḥadīth collected by al-Tirmidhī (no. 2032) that Ibn Rajab is referring to is:

يَا مَعْشَرَ مَنْ أَسْلَمَ بِلِسَانِهِ وَلَمْ يُفْضِ الإِيمَانُ إِلَى قَلْبِهِ، لا تُؤْذُوا الْمُسْلِمِينَ وَلا تُعَيِّرُوهُمْ وَلا تَتَّبِعُوا عَوْرَاتِهِمْ، فَإِنَّهُ  مَنْ تَتَبَّعَ عَوْرَةَ أَخِيهِ الْمُسْلِمِ تَتَبَّعَ اللَّهُ عَوْرَتَهُ، وَمَنْ تَتَبَّعَ اللَّهُ عَوْرَتَهُ يَفْضَحْهُ وَلَوْ فِي جَوْفِ رَحْلِهِ

Oh you who have accepted Islam with their tongue yet faith has not reached your hearts, do not harm Muslims. Do not humiliate them, and do not seek to discover their faults. Whoever seeks after the faults of his Muslim brother, Allah will certainly seek his faults. And if Allah seeks his faults, he will expose him even if he were in the innermost privacy of his own home.

al-Albānī said this narration is authentic in “Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan al-Tirmidhī” (no. 1655).

[25] Sūrah al-Nūr, 24:19.

[26] Authentic: This is a reference to the story in which the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) repeatedly refused to carry out the prescribed punishment upon a companion and kept asking for excuses for him. The ḥadīth is recorded by Muslim (no. 1695) from Sulaymān Ibn Buraydah who narrated from his father who said: Mā’iz Ibn Maalik ( رضي الله عنه ) came to the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) and said, “Oh messenger of Allah, purify me (by establishing the prescribed punishment upon me).” He ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) replied:

وَيْحَكَ ارْجِعْ فَاسْتَغْفِرْ اللَّهَ وَتُبْ إِلَيْهِ

Woe to you. Seek forgiveness from Allah and repent to him.

He then returned and later came back and said the same thing to which the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) kept saying:

وَيْحَكَ ارْجِعْ فَاسْتَغْفِرْ اللَّهَ وَتُبْ إِلَيْهِ

Woe to you. Seek forgiveness from Allah and repent to him.

On the fourth time, he ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) asked him:

 فِيمَ أُطَهِّرُكَ 

For what should I purify you?

Mā’iz said, “For committing adultery.” So Allah’s messenger ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) asked (others about the man):

أَبِهِ جُنُونٌ 

Is there madness in him?

After being informed that the man is not crazy. He ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) further asked:

أَشَرِبَ خَمْرًا 

Did he drink alcohol?

A man stood up to him but did not find the smell of alcohol from him. Allah’s messenger ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) asked him:

 أَزَنَيْتَ 

Did you (really) commit adultery?

He replied, “Yes.” He ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) then instructed that he be stoned. So, the people differed amongst themselves about him into two groups: one saying, “He is ruined! His deeds are lost.” and another group saying, “What repentance could be better than the repentance of Mā’iz? He came (willingly) to the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ), put his hand in his hand, and said, ‘Kill me by the stone.’” So they remained in that state for two or three days. Then the messenger of Allah ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم )  came while they were sitting, greeted them and sat. He said:

اسْتَغْفِرُوا لِمَاعِزِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ

Ask for forgiveness for Mā’iz Ibn Mālik.

So they said, “May Allah forgive Mā’iz Ibn Mālik.” Allah’s messenger ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) then said:

لَقَدْ تَابَ تَوْبَةً لَوْ قُسِمَتْ بَيْنَ أُمَّةٍ لَوَسِعَتْهُمْ 

He repented with such repentance that if it were divided among the entire nation, it would encompass them all.

The prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) did similarly with the pregnant woman who also came to confess committing adultery with Mā’iz.

[27] Authentic: This story was narrated in the ḥadīth collected by al-Bukhārī (no. 6823), Muslim (no. 2764), and Abū Dāwūd (no. 4381). Anas Ibn Mālik ( رضي الله عنه ) said:

I was with Allah’s messenger ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) when a man came to him and said, “Oh messenger of Allah, I have transgressed the limit, so establish the punishment upon me.” Yet he ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) did not ask about him (his crime). The prayer time came and he prayed with the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ). When the he ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) finished the prayer, the man stood and again said, “Oh messenger of Allah, indeed I transgressed the limit so establish the book of Allah upon me.” He صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) ) replied:

أَلَيْسَ قَدْ صَلَّيْتَ مَعَنَا 

Did you not pray with us?

He answered, “Yes.” He ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) then told him:

فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ قَدْ غَفَرَ لَكَ ذَنْبَكَ أَوْ قَالَ حَدَّكَ 

Then indeed Allah has forgiven your sin (or he said:) your (transgression of the) prescribed law.

[28] Authentic: Recorded by Abū Dāwūd (no. 4375) and al-Albānī declared it to be authentic in “Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan Abī Dāwūd” (no. 3679).

[29] Authentic: Recorded by al-Bukhārī (no. 2315), Muslim (no. 1698), al-Tirmidhī (no. 1433), and Ibn Mājah (no. 2549).

Posted from: Relieving a Believers Hardships – Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali. Translated by Abu az-Zubayr Harrison authentic-translations.com.  From Ibn Rajab al-Ḥanbalī’s book, “Jāmi’ al-‘Ulūm wal-Ḥikam,” an explanation of the forty-two famous ḥadīth collected by Imam al-Nawawi. The part of the ḥadīth explained in this article is the thirty-sixth one. “Whoever relieves a believer of a hardship of this life, Allah will relieve from him a  hardship of the Day of Resurrection…”

The Nature of this Life And A Believer’s perspective in it – Selected Ḥadīth of Raqāiq

Bismillaah

The Nature of this Life
And a Believer’s perspective in it

Selected Ḥadīth of Raqāiq from Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah
Collected by: Muḥammad Nāṣir al-Dīn al-Albānī1

The ḥadīth in this article are from al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah collection. They are among several ḥadīth on the subject matter of Raqāiq, or heart-softening narrations. All ḥadīth here are considered authentic or reliable (or Ḥasan, Marfū’ etc.) by al-Albānī.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ḤADĪTH 1: “Oh Muhammad, live how you like for you will certainly die.”
ḤADĪTH 2: “Do you know what a bankrupt person is?”
ḤADĪTH 3: “Beware of oppression because oppression will be darkness on the Day of Resurrection.”
ḤADĪTH 4: “Construct between yourself and the fire a barrier even with half a date.”
ḤADĪTH 5: “When Allah wants good for a servant, He hastens his punishment in this life.”
ḤADĪTH 6: “When Allah wants good for a servant, He makes others pleased with him.”
ḤADĪTH 7: “If you see that Allah provides for a servant in this life from what he likes because of his sins, it is only Istidrāj.”
ḤADĪTH 8: “(It will be) when you see people being unconcerned about their…”
ḤADĪTH 9: “Whenever you make a sin, follow it up with a good deed which will erase it.”
ḤADĪTH 10: “Four things, if they are within you then nothing you missed in life will harm you…”
ḤADĪTH 11: “Guarantee me six things and I will guarantee you Paradise…”
ḤADĪTH 12: “Should I tell you who the best among you are?.”
ḤADĪTH 13: “Oh Allah, give me life as a poor person, give me death as a poor person…”
ḤADĪTH 14: “Allah (تبارك وتعالى) tests his worshipper with what He has given him.”
ḤADĪTH 15: “Allah says, ‘Oh son of Adam, free your time for My worship…’”
ḤADĪTH 16: “One of the first things for which a worshipper will be called to account…”
ḤADĪTH 17: “Some of the worst people of my nation are those who are nourished with all kinds of blessings…”
ḤADĪTH 18: “There are certainly some people who act as keys to good, locks to evil….”
ḤADĪTH 19: “The only true good is the good of the hereafter.”
ḤADĪTH 20: “Only someone who has been forgiven may truly relax.”
ḤADĪTH 21: “My brothers, prepare yourselves for a day like today.”
ḤADĪTH 22: “There are three things which destroy and three things which save.”
ḤADĪTH 23: “Unity is a mercy, and division is a punishment.”
ḤADĪTH 24: “The sweetness of this life becomes bitterness in the hereafter…”
ḤADĪTH 25: Allah (تعالى) said, “Oh son of Adam, stand before Me, I will walk to you.”
ḤADĪTH 26: Allah (عزّ وجلّ) said, “My servant, I am as you think of Me…”
ḤADĪTH 27: Allah (عزّ وجلّ) said, “By my honor, I do not combine for My servant two times of safety…”
ḤADĪTH 28: The prophet (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) used to accompany the weak Muslims.
ḤADĪTH 29: “For (kindness to) anything with a warm liver (i.e. any living creature), there is a reward.”
ḤADĪTH 30: “If you were to commit sins so much that your sins reached the sky but then you repented…”
ḤADĪTH 31: “Even if the son of Adam were to flee from his sustenance like he flees from death…”
ḤADĪTH 32: “If a man were to be dragged on his face for something in the pleasure of Allah…”
ḤADĪTH 33: “If worshippers did not commit sins, Allah (عزّ وجلّ) would create another creation that would commit sins…”
ḤADĪTH 34: “If you were to reply on Allah with the reliance He deserves, He would provide for you…”
ḤADĪTH 35: “Each of you should have a heart that is thankful, a tongue that mentions (Allah)…”
ḤADĪTH 36: “What do I have to do with this life? What am I regarding this life?”
ḤADĪTH 37: “Whoever would like to know what Allah has for him…” .
ḤADĪTH 38: “Whoever pleases Allah by angering people, Allah will suffice him from people.”
ḤADĪTH 39: “Anyone of you who wakes up safe with his family, healthy in his body…”
ḤADĪTH 40: “Whoever was two-faced in this life will have, on the Day of Resurrection, two tongues of fire.”
ḤADĪTH 41: “Whoever makes the hereafter his concern, Allah will place his richness in his heart.”
ḤADĪTH 42: “Be cautious of the prohibited things and you will be the most worshipping of people.”
ḤADĪTH 43: “All people are the children of Adam, and Adam was from dirt.” .
ḤADĪTH 44: “I swear by the One in whose hand is my soul, this worldly life is more insignificant…”
ḤADĪTH 45: “Allah does not cease to cultivate within this religion those He uses for his obedience.”


ḤADĪTH 1

The messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) said:

أتَانِي جِبْرِيْلُ ، فَقَالَ : يَا مُحَمَّدُ ، عِشْ مَا شِئْتَ فَإِنَّكَ مَيِّتٌ ، وَأَحْببْ مَنْ شِئْتَ فَإِنَّكَ مُفَارِقُهُ ، وَاعْمَلْ مَا شِئْتَ فَإِنَّكَ مَجْزِيٌّ بهِ ، وَاعْلَمْ أَنَّ شَرَفَ الْمُؤْمِنِ قِيَامُ اللَّيْلِ ، وَعِزَّهُ اسْتِغْنَاؤُهُ عَنْ النَّاسِ

Jibrīl came to me and said, “Oh Muhammad, live how you like for you will certainly die. Love whom you like for you will certainly leave him. Do as you like for you will certainly be compensated for it. And know that the dignity of a believer is his standing at night (in prayer), and his honor is his managing himself without need of other people.”

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah (no. 831)]


ḤADĪTH 2

Abū Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه) reported that Allah’s messenger (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) asked:

 أَتَدْرُوْنَ مَا الْمُفْلِسُ 

Do you know what a bankrupt person is?

They replied, “A bankrupt person among us is the one with no money or possessions.”

The prophet (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) continued:

إِنَّ الْمُفْلِسَ مِنْ أُمَّتِي يَأْتِي يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ بصَلاةٍ وَصِيَامٍ وَزَكَاةٍ، وَيَأْتِي قَدْ شَتَمَ هَذَا.، وَقَذَفَ هَذَا ، وَأَكَلَ مَالَ هَذَا ، وَسَفَكَ دَمَ هَذَا ، وَضَرَبَ هَذَا ، فَيُعْطَى هَذَا مِنْ حَسَنَاتِهِ ، وَهَذَا مِنْ حَسَنَاتِهِ ، فَإِنْ فَنِيَتْ حَسَنَاتُهُ قَبْلَ أَنْ يُقْضَى مَا عَلَيْهِ ، أُخِذَ مِنْ خَطَايَاهِمْ فَطُرِحَتْ عَلَيْهِ ، ثُمَّ طُرِحَ فِي النَّارِ

The bankrupt person from my nation is the one who will come on the Day of Resurrection with prayer, fasting, and charity. But he had insulted this person, slandered that person, cheated this person out of money, spilled this person’s blood, and hit that person. Each of these people (he harmed) will then be given some of his good deeds. And if his good deeds run out before settling his affairs, their sins will be taken and put upon the man, then he will be thrown in the fire.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah (no. 847)]


ḤADĪTH 3

Jābir Ibn ‘Abdullah (رضي الله عنه) reported that the messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) said:

اِتَّقُوْا الظُّلْمَ ، فَإِنَّ الظُّلْمَ ظُلُمَاتٌ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ ، وَاتَّقُوْا الشُحَّ ، فَإِنَّ الشُّحَّ أَهْلَكَ مَنْ كَانَ قَبْلَكُمْ ، حَمَلَهُمْ عَلَى أَنْ سَفَكُوْا دِمَاءَهُمْ وَاسْتَحَلُّوْا مَحَارِمَهُمْ

Beware of oppression because oppression will become darkness on the Day of Resurrection. And beware of stinginess because stinginess destroyed those who came before you. It led them to shed each other’s blood and declare each other’s sanctity permissible to violate.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 858]


ḤADĪTH 4

Faḍālah Ibn ‘Ubayd reported in a marfū’[5] form:

اجْعَلُوْا بَيْنَكُمْ وَبَيْنَ النَّارِ حِجَابًا ، وَلَوْ بشِقِّ تَمْرَةٍ

Construct between yourself and the fire a barrier even with half a date (given in charity).

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 897]

[5] Ibn al-‘Uthaymīn, in Muṣṭalaḥ al-Ḥadīth, explained a marfū’ ḥadīth as one that is either raised to the status of being directly attributed to the prophet (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) as his explicit statement, action, approval, or as a physical or character description, or it is determined for a number of reasons that the statement carries the ruling of being attributed to the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم)


ḤADĪTH 5

Anas (رضي الله عنه) reported in a marfū’ form:

إِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهَ بعَبْدٍ خَيْرًا عَجَّلَ لَهُ العُقُوْبَةَ فِي الدُّنْيَا ، وَإِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهَ بعَبْدٍ شَرًّا أَمْسَكَ عَلَيْهِ ذُنُوْبَهُ حَتَّى يُوَافِيْهِ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ

When Allah wants good for a servant, He hastens his punishment (for his sins) in this life. And if Allah wants bad for a servant, he preserves his sins for him until he meets Him on the Day of Resurrection.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 1220]


ḤADĪTH 6

‘Amr Ibn al-Ḥamaq (رضي الله عنه) reported in a marfū’ ḥadīth:

إِذَا أَرَادَ اللَّهُ بعَبْدٍ خَيْرًا عَسَّلَهُ

When Allah wants good for a servant, He makes others pleased with him. It was asked, “And what is this pleasing respect others have for him, messenger of Allah?” He answered:

يَفْتَحُ لَهُ عَمَلاً صَالِحًا بَيْنَ يَدَيْ مَوْتِهِ حَتَّى يَرْضَى عَنْهُ مَنْ حَوْلَهُ

He makes the person able to do good deeds at the time of his death so that those around him are pleased with him.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 1114]


ḤADĪTH 7

‘Uqbah Ibn ‘Āmir (رضي الله عنه) reported in a marfū’ form:

إِذَا رَأَيْتَ اللَّهَ يُعْطِي الْعَبْدَ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا عَلَى مَعَاصِيْهِ مَا يُحِبُّ ، فَإِنَّمَا هُوَ اسْتِدْرَاجٌ

If you see that Allah provides for a servant in this life from what he likes because of his sins, it is only Istidrāj (allowing him to gradually increase in sin).

The messenger of Allah then recited the verse:

فَلَمَّا نَسُوْا مَا ذُكِّرُوا بهِ فَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ أَبْوَابَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَتَّى إِذَا فَرِحُوْا بمَا أُوْتُوْا أَخَذْنَاهُم بَغْتَةً فَإِذَا هُم مُّبْلِسُوْنَ

So when they forgot what they had been reminded about, We opened to them the doors of every (good) thing until, when they rejoiced in that which they were given, We seized them suddenly, and they were (then) in despair.

[The Quran, Sūrah al-Anām, 6:44]  [The ḥadīth is no. 413 in Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah.]


ḤADĪTH 8

‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Amr (رضي الله عنه) said, “Once we were around Allah’s messenger ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) when someone mentioned tribulations.” The prophet (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) then said:

إِذَا رَأَيْتَ النَّاسَ قَدْ مَرِجَتْ عُهُوْدُهُمْ ، وَخَفَّتْ أَمَانَاتُهُمْ ، وَكَانُوْا هَكَذَا

(It will be) when you see people being unconcerned about their promises and their trustworthiness declines, and they (the people and tribulations) are like this—and he interlocked his fingers.

One of the ḥadīth narrators then stood and asked him, “What should I do at that time, may Allah ransom you with my life.” He (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) answered:

الْزَمْ بَيْتَكَ ، وَأَمْلِكْ عَلَيْكَ لِسَانَكَ ، وَخُذْ مَا تَعْرِفُ ، وَدَعْ مَا تُنْكِرُ ، وَعَلَيْكَ بأَمْرِ خَاصَّة نَفْسِكَ ، وَدَعْ عَنْكَ أَمْرَ الْعَامَّةِ

Remain in your house, preserve your tongue, take only what you know, leave what you are unsure about, be concerned only with your own affairs, and leave the affairs of the common people.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 205]


ḤADĪTH 9

Abū Dharr (رضي الله عنه) said, “Messenger of Allah, advise me.” He said ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم)

إِذَا عَمِلْتَ سَيِّئَةً فَأَتْبعْهَا حَسَنَةً تَمْحُهَا 

Whenever you make a sin, follow it up with a good deed which will erase it. I asked, “Is saying, ‘Nothing should be worshipped but Allah’ considered a good deed?”

He answered:

هِيَ أَفْضَلُ الحَسَنَاتِ

It is the best of good deeds.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 1373]


ḤADĪTH 10

‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Amr Ibn al-‘Āṣ (رضي الله عنه) said in a marfū’ ḥadīth:

أَرْبَعٌ إِذَا كُنَّ فِيكَ فَلا عَلَيْكَ مَا فَاتَكَ مِنَ الدُّنْيَا : حِفْظُ أَمَانَةٍ ، وَصِدْقُ حَدِيْثٍ وَحُسْنُ خَلِيْقَةٍ ، وَعِفَّةٌ فِي طُعْمَةٍ

Four things, if they are within you then nothing you missed in life will harm you: preserving trustworthiness, honest speech, good manners, and caution regarding food (i.e., whether it is from permissible means or not).

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 733]


ḤADĪTH 11

Abū Umāmah al-Bāhilī (رضي الله عنه) said: I heard Allah’s messenger ( ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم say:

اُكْفُلُوْا لِي بسِتٍّ أَكْفُلُ لَكُمْ بالْجَنَّةِ : إذَا حَدَّثَ أَحَدُكُمْ فَلا يَكْذِبْ ، وَإِذَا اُؤْتُمِنَ فَلا يَخُنْ ، وَإِذَا وَعَدَ فَلا يُخْلِفْ ، غُضُّوْا أَبْصَارَكُمْ ، وَكُفُّوْا أَيْدِيَكُمْ ، وَاحْفَظُوْا فُرُوجَكُمْ

Guarantee me six things and I will guarantee you Paradise: If anyone of you speaks, let him not lie; if he is entrusted with something, let him not betray that trust; if he promises, let him not break his promise; lower your gaze, restrain your hands, and safeguard your private parts.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 1525]


ḤADĪTH 12

Anas (رضي الله عنه) said that the messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) said:

أَلا أُنَبِّئُكُمْ بخِيَارِكُمْ ؟ خِيَارُكُمْ أَطْوَلُكُمْ أَعْمَارًا إِذَا سَدَّدُوْا 

Should I tell you who the best among you are? The best among you are the eldest in age if they have remained balanced and rightly-guided (throughout those years).

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 2498]


ḤADĪTH 13

Abū Sa’īd al-Khudrī (رضي الله عنه) reported in a marfū’ ḥadīth that the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) said:

اللَّهُمَّ أَحْيِنِي مِسْكِيْنًا ، وَأَمِتْنِي مِسْكِيْنًا ، وَاحْشُرْنِي فِي زُمْرَةِ الْمَسَاكِيْنِ

“Oh Allah, give me life as a poor person, give me death as a poor person, and resurrect me among the company of the poor.”

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 308]


ḤADĪTH 14

One of Banī Salīm reported that the prophet (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) said:

إنَّ اللَّهَ تَبَارَكَ وَتَعَالَى يَبْتَلِي عَبْدَهُ بمَا أَعْطَاهُ ، فَمَنْ رَضِيَ بمَا قَسَمَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَهُ بَارَكَ اللَّهُ لَهُ فِيْهِ وَوَسَّعَهُ ، وَمَنْ لَمْ يَرْضَ لَمْ يُبَارِكْ لَهُ فِيْهِ

Allah (تبارك وتعالى) tests his worshipper with what He has given him. So whoever is pleased with what Allah (عزّ وجلّ) has apportioned for him, Allah blesses and increases it for him. And whoever is displeased, it is not blessed for him.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 1658]


ḤADĪTH 15

Abū Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه) reported that the prophet (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) said:

إنَّ اللَّهَ يَقُولُ : يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ ، تَفَرَّغْ لِعِبَادَتِي أَمْلأْ صَدْرَكَ غِنًى ، وَأَسُدَّ فَقْرَكَ ، وَإِنْ لا تَفْعَلْ مَلأْتُ يَدَيْكَ شُغْلاً ، وَلَمْ أَسُدَّ فَقْرَكَ

Allah says, “Oh son of Adam, free your time for My worship and I will fill your chest with sufficiency and I will prevent your poverty. But if you do not, I will fill your hands with occupation, and I will not prevent your poverty.”

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 1359]


ḤADĪTH 16

Abū Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه) reported in a marfū’ ḥadīth:

إِنَّ أَوَّلَ مَا يُحَاسَبُ بهِ العَبْدُ يَوْمَ القِيَامَةِ أَنْ يُقَالَ لَهُ : أَلَمْ أَصِحَّ لَكَ جِسْمَكَ وَأَرْوِكَ مِنَ المَاءِ البَارِدِ

One of the first things for which a worshipper will be called to account on the Day of Resurrection is that he will be asked, “Did I not make your body healthy and provide you with cool water?”

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 539]


ḤADĪTH 17

Fāṭimah ( رضي الله عنها ) narrated that Allah’s messenger (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) said:

إِنَّ مِنْ شِرَارِ أُمَّتِي الَّذِينَ غُذُّوْا بالنَّعِيْمِ ، الَّذِينَ يَطْلُبُوْنَ أَلْوَانَ الطَّعَامِ وَأَلْوَانَ الثِّيَابِ ، وَيَتَشَدَّقُوْنَ بالْكَلامِ

Some of the worst people of my nation are those who are nourished with all kinds of blessings – those who request all types of food and all types of clothes and brag about it.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 1891]


ḤADĪTH 18

Anas Ibn Mālik (رضي الله عنه) said that the messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) said:

إِنَّ مِنَ النَّاسِ مَفَاتِيْحَ لِلْخَيْرِ مَغَالِيْقَ لِلشَّرِّ ، وَإِنَّ مِنَ النَّاسِ مَفَاتِيْحَ لِلشَّرِّ مَغَالِيْقَ لِلْخَيْرِ ، فَطُوْبَى لِمَنْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ مَفَاتِيْحَ الْخَيْرِ عَلَى يَدَيْهِ ، وَوَيْلٌ لِمَنْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ مَفَاتِيْحَ الشَّرِّ عَلَى يَدَيْهِ

There are certainly some people who act as keys (opening the doors) to good, locks to evil. And there are others among people who are keys to evil, locks to good. So Ṭūbá (a tree in Paradise, or “success”) is for those for whom Allah facilitates their hands to act as keys to goodness, and let those beware for whom Allah facilitates their hands to act as keys to evil.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 1332]


ḤADĪTH 19

The messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) was once brought some barley bread that had turned oily and rancid yet he still ate from it. He then said:

إِنَّمَا الخَيْرُ خَيْرُ الآخِرَةِ

The only true good is the good of the hereafter.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 1102]


ḤADĪTH 20

The prophet (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) once said in a mursal ḥadīth:

إِنَّمَا يَسْتَرِيْحُ مَنْ غُفِرَ لَهُ

Only someone who has been forgiven may truly relax.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 1710]


ḤADĪTH 21

al-Barā Ibn Āzib said: We were once with the messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) when he saw a gathering of people. He asked, “What have they gathered for?” to which someone replied, “They are digging a grave.” Allah’s messenger then hurried with his companions to the grave and then kneeled down beside it. Those around him faced him to see what he was going to do. He began crying until his tears moistened the ground. He then turned to us and said:

أَي إِخْوَانِي ! لِمِثْلِ اليَوْمِ فَأَعِدُّوْا

My brothers, prepare yourselves for a day like today.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 1751]


ḤADĪTH 22

Anas Ibn Mālik, ‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Abbās, and others ( رضي الله عنهم ) reported that the prophet صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) ) said:

ثَلاثٌ مُهْلِكَاتٌ وَثَلاثٌ مُنْجِيَاتٌ ، فَقَالَ : ثَلاثٌ مُهْلِكَاتٌ : شُحٌّ مُطَاعٌ ، وَهَوًى مُتَّبَعٌ ، وَإِعْجَابُ الْمَرْءِ بِنَفْسِهِ ، وَثَلاثٌ مُنْجِيَاتٌ : خَشْيَةُ اللَّهِ فِي السِّرِّ وَالعَلانِيَةِ.، وَالقَصْدُ فِي الفَقْرِ وَالغِنَى ، وَالعَدْلُ فِي الغَضَبِ وَالرِّضَا

There are three things which destroy and three things which save. The three destructive things are: stinginess that is obeyed, desires that are followed, and a person being too amazed with himself. The three things which save: fearing Allah in both private and in open, moderation in both poverty and richness, and fairness when both angry and happy.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 1802]


ḤADĪTH 23

al-Nu’mān Ibn Bashīr (رضي الله عنه) said that the prophet (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) said:

الجَمَاعَةُ رَحْمَةٌ ، وَالفِرْقَةُ عَذَابٌ

Unity is a mercy, and division is a punishment.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 67]


ḤADĪTH 24

Abū Mālik al-Asha’rī (رضي الله عنه) said when death was upon him: Oh gathering of the al- Asha’rī family, let those present convey this to those who are absent. I heard the messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) saying:

حُلْوَةُ الدُّنْيَا مُرَّةُ الآخِرَةِ ، وَمُرَّةُ الدُّنْيَا حُلْوَةُ الآخِرَةِ

The sweetness of this life becomes bitterness in the hereafter, and the bitterness of this life becomes sweetness in the hereafter.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 1817]


ḤADĪTH 25

One of the prophet’s companions reported that he (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) said:

قَالَ اللَّهُ تَعَالَى : يَا ابْنَ آدَمَ ، قُمْ إِلَيَّ أَمْشِ إِلَيْكَ ، وَامْشِ إِلَيَّ أُهَرْوِلْ إِلَيْكَ 

Allah (تعالى) said, “Oh son of Adam, stand before Me, I will walk to you. And walk to Me, I will run to you.”

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 2287]


ḤADĪTH 26

Anas (رضي الله عنه) reported in a marfū’ ḥadīth that the prophet (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) said:

قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ : عَبْدِي ، أَنَا عِنْدَ ظَنِّكَ بي ، وَأَنَا مَعَكَ إِذَا ذَكَّرْتَنِي

Allah (عزّ وجلّ) said, “My servant, I am as you think of Me, and I am with you when you remember Me.”

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 2012]


ḤADĪTH 27

Shaddād Ibn ‘Aws (رضي الله عنه) narrated that the messenger of Allah ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم) said:

قَالَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ : وَعِزَّتِي لا أَجْمَعُ لِعَبْدِي أَمْنَيْنِ وَلا خَوْفَيْنِ ، إِنْ هُوَ أَمِنَنِي فِي الدُّنْيَا أَخَفْتُهُ يَوْمَ أَجْمَعُ فِيهِ عِبَادِي ، وَإِنْ هُوَ خَافَنِي فِي الدُّنْيَا أَمِنْتُهُ يَوْمَ أَجْمَعُفِيهِ عِبَادِي

Allah (عزّ وجلّ) said, “By my honor, I do not combine for My servant two times of safety and two times of fear. If he feels safe from Me in this life, I will make him fear Me the day on which I gather My servants. And if he fears Me in this life, I will make him feel safe the day on which I gather My servants.”

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 742]


ḤADĪTH 28

Abū Umāmah Ibn Sahl Ibn Ḥanīf (رضي الله عنه) reported from his father in a marfū’ narration that the prophet (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) used to accompany the weak Muslims. He would visit them, see them when they become sick, and attend their funerals.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 2112]


ḤADĪTH 29

Sarāqah said: I once came upon Allah’s messenger (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) at al-Ja’rānah. I was not sure what to ask him about, so I said, “Oh messenger of Allah, sometimes I fill my watering hole (e.g. trough, etc.), waiting for my flock to return to me. But then other animals would come and drink from it. So is there a reward in that?” The messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) answered:

فِي كُلِّ ذَاتِ كَبدٍ حَرَّى أَجْرٌ 

For (kindness to) anything with a warm liver (i.e. any living creature), there is a reward.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 2152]


ḤADĪTH 30

Abū Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه) reported in a marfū’ narration:

لَوْ أَخْطَأْتُمْ حَتَّى تَبْلُغَ خَطَايَاكُمْ السَمَاءَ ثُمَّ تُبْتُمْ لَتَابَ عَلَيْكُمْ

If you were to commit sins so much that your sins reached the sky but then you repented, He (Allah) would accept your repentance.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 903]


ḤADĪTH 31

Jābir (رضي الله عنه) narrated a marfū’ ḥadīth:

لَوْ أَنَّ ابْنَ آدَمَ هَرَبَ مِنْ رِزْقِهِ كَمَا يَهْرُبُ مِنَ المَوْتِ ، لأَدْرَكَهُ رِزْقُهُ كَمَا يُدْرِكُهُ 
المَوْتُ

Even if the son of Adam were to flee from his sustenance like he flees from death, his sustenance would still reach him just like his death will reach him.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 952]


ḤADĪTH 32

‘Utbah Ibn ‘Abid (رضي الله عنه) said that the messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) said:

لَوْ أَنَّ رَجُلاً يُجَرُّ عَلَى وَجْهِهِ مِنْ يَوْمِ وُلِدَ إلَى يَوْمِ يَمُوتُ هَرَمًا فِي مَرْضَاةِ اللَّهِ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ لَحَقَّرَهُ يَوْمَ القِيَامَةِ

If a man were to be dragged on his face for something in the pleasure of Allah (عزّ وجلّ), from the day he was born until he dies of old age, he would still belittle that on the Day of Resurrection.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 446]


ḤADĪTH 33

‘Abdullah Ibn ‘Umar ( رضي الله عنهما ) reported a marfū’ narration:

لَوْ أَنَّ العِبَادَ لَمْ يُذْنِبُوْا لَخَلَقَ اللَّهُ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ خَلْقًا يُذْنِبُوْنَ ثُمَّ يَغْفِرُ لَهُمْ ، وَهُوَالغَفُوْرُ الرَّحِيْمُ

If worshippers did not commit sins, Allah (عزّ وجلّ) would create another creation that would commit sins then He would forgive them, for He is the Most Forgiving, the Most Merciful.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 967]


ḤADĪTH 34

‘Umar Ibn al-Khaṭṭāb (رضي الله عنه) said he heard the prophet of Allah ( ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم saying:

لَوْ أَنَّكُمْ تَتَوَكَّلُوْنَ عَلَى اللَّهِ حَقَّ تَوَكُّلِهِ ، لَرَزَقَكُمْ كَمَا يَرْزُقُ الطَّيْرَ ، تَغْدُوْ خِمَاصًا ، وَتَرُوْحُ بطَانًا

If you were to rely on Allah with the reliance He deserves, He would provide for you just as He provides for the birds; they leave in the morning hungry and return at night full.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 310]


ḤADĪTH 35

Thawbān (رضي الله عنه) narrated in a marfū’ form:

لِيَتَّخِذْ أَحَدُكُمْ قَلْبًا شَاكِرًا ، وَلِسَانًا ذَاكِرًا ، وَزَوْجَةً صَالِحَةً تُعِينُهُ عَلَى أَمْرِ الآخِرَةِ

Each of you should have a heart that is thankful, a tongue that mentions (Allah), and a righteous wife that helps him regarding the affairs of the hereafter.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 2176]


ḤADĪTH 36

‘Abdullah Ibn Mas’ūd (رضي الله عنه) said that once Allah’s messenger ( ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم slept on a straw mat which left marks on his side. When he woke up, he began rubbing his side and asked, “Messenger of Allah, would you allow us to spread something (softer) over your straw mat?” He (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) answered:

مَا لِي وَلِلدُّنْيَا ؟ مَا أَنَا وَالدُّنْيَا ؟ إِنَّمَا مَثَلِي وَمَثَلُ الدُّنْيَا كَرَاكِبٍ اسْتَظَلَّ تَحْتَ شَجَرَةٍ ، ثُمَّ رَاحَ وَتَرَكَهَا

What do I have to do with this life? What am I regarding this life? My example and that of this life is only as a rider who takes shade under a tree and then leaves it.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 438]


ḤADĪTH 37

Anas, Abū Hurayrah, and Samurah Ibn Jundub ( رضي الله عنهم ) reported that the prophet صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) ) said:

مَنْ أَرَادَ أَنْ يَعْلَمَ مَا لَهُ عِنْدَ اللَّهِ ، فَلْيَنْظُرْ مَا لِلَّهِ عِنْدَهُ 

Whoever would like to know what Allah has for him then let him look to what he has for Allah.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 2310]


ḤADĪTH 38

Ā‘ishah ( رضي الله عنها ) narrated a marfū’ ḥadīth in which the prophet (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) said:

مَنْ أَرْضَى اللَّهَ بسَخَطِ النَّاسِ ، كَفَاهُ اللهُ النَّاسِ ، وَمَنْ أَسْخَطَ اللَّهَ برِضَى النَّاسِ ، وَكَلَهُ اللَّهُ إِلَى النَّاسِ

Whoever pleases Allah by angering people, Allah will suffice him from people. And whoever angers Allah by pleasing people, Allah will entrust him to the people.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 2311]


ḤADĪTH 39

‘Ubaydullah Ibn Muḥṣan and others ( رضي الله عنهم ) reported that the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) said:

مَنْ أَصْبَحَ مِنْكُمْ آمِنًا فِي سِرْبهِ ، مُعَافًى فِي جَسَدِهِ ، عِنْدَهُ قُوْتُ يَوْمِهِ ، فَكَأَنَّمَا حِيْزَتْ لَهُ الدُّنْيَا بحَذَافِيْرِهَا

Anyone of you who wakes up safe with his family, healthy in his body, having sustenance for the day, it is as if he posses the worldly life entirely.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 2318]


ḤADĪTH 40

‘Ammār Ibn Yāsir (رضي الله عنه) narrated a marfū’ ḥadīth:

مَنْ كَانَ لَهُ وَجْهَانِ فِي الدُّنْيَا ، كَانَ لَهُ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ لِسَانَانِ مِنْ نَارٍ 

Whoever was two-faced in this life will have, on the Day of Resurrection, two tongues of fire.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 892]


ḤADĪTH 41

Anas (رضي الله عنه) narrated a marfū’ ḥadīth in which Allah’s messenger ( ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم said:

مَنْ كَانَتْ الآخِرَةُ هَمَّهُ ، جَعَلَ اللَّهُ غِنَاهُ فِي قَلْبهِ ، وَجَمَعَ لَهُ شَمْلَهُ ، وَأَتَتْهُ الدُّنْيَا وَهِيَ رَاغِمَةٌ ، وَمَنْ كَانَتْ الدُّنْيَا هَمَّهُ ، جَعَلَ اللَّهُ فَقْرَهُ بَيْنَ عَيْنَيْهِ ، وَفَرَّقَعَلَيْهِ شَمْلَهُ ، وَلَمْ يَأْتِهِ مِنْ الدُّنْيَا إِلاَّ مَا قُدِّرَ لَهُ

Whoever makes the hereafter his (main) concern, Allah will place his richness in his heart, organize his affairs, and the worldly life will come to him without seeking it. But whoever makes this life his concern, Allah will place his poverty before his eyes, scatter his affairs, and nothing of the worldly life will come to him except what has already been destined for him.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 949]


ḤADĪTH 42

Abū Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه) narrated a marfū’ narration in which the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) asked:

مَنْ يَأْخُذُ عَنِّي هَؤُلاءِ الكَلِمَاتِ فَيَعْمَلُ بهِنَّ أَوْ يُعَلِّمُ مَنْ يَعْمَلُ بهِنَّ 

Who will take these words from me and act upon them or teach them to others who may act upon them?

Abū Hurayrah said: I replied, “I will, messenger of Allah.” He (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) then took my hand and counted on five fingers, saying:

اِتَّقِ الْمَحَارِمَ تَكُنْ أَعْبَدَ النَّاسِ ، وَارْضَ بمَا قَسَمَ اللَّهُ لَكَ تَكُنْ أَغْنَى النَّاسِ وَأَحْسِنْ إِلَى جَارِكَ تَكُنْ مُؤْمِنًا ، وَأَحِبَّ لِلنَّاسِ مَا تُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِكَ تَكُنْ مُسْلِمًا ، وَلا تُكْثِرْ الضَّحِكَ ، فَإِنَّ كَثْرَةَ الضَّحِكِ تُمِيتُ القَلْبَ

Be cautious of the prohibited things and you will be the most worshipping of people. Be content with what Allah has destined for you and you will be the richest of people. Behave well toward your neighbor and you will be a true believer. Love for people what you love for yourself and you will be a Muslim. And do not laugh excessively, for excessive laughter kills the heart.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 930]


ḤADĪTH 43

Abū Hurayrah (رضي الله عنه) reported in a marfū’ ḥadīth:

النَّاسُ وَلَدُ آدمَ ، وَآدَمُ مِنْ تُرَابٍ 

All people are the children of Adam, and Adam was from dirt.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 1009]


ḤADĪTH 44

Ibn ‘Abbās (رضي الله عنه) said that once the messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) passed by a dead sheep that had been left, discarded by its owner. He said:

وَالَّذِي نَفْسِي بيَدِهِ ، لَلدُّنْيَا أَهْوَنُ عَلَى اللَّهِ مِنْ هَذِهِ الشَّاةِ عَلَى أَهْلِهَا

I swear by the One in whose hand is my soul, this worldly life is more insignificant to Allah than this sheep is to its owner.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 2482]


ḤADĪTH 45

Abū ‘Inabah al-Khawlānī (رضي الله عنه) reported that he heard Allah’s messenger ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) say:

لا يَزَالُ اللَّهُ يَغْرِسُ فِي هَذَا الدِّيْنِ غَرْسًا يَسْتَعْمِلُهُمْ بطَاعَتِهِ

Allah does not cease to cultivate within this religion those He uses for his obedience.

[al-Albānī’s Silsilah al-Aḥādīth al-Ṣaḥīḥah No. 2442]


Title: The Nature of This Life
Original Title: سلسلة الأحاديث الصّحيحة
Original Author: Muḥammad Nāṣir al-Dīn al-Albānī
Translated by Abu az-Zubayr Harrison authentic-translations.com

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Allah neither needs the obedience of His servants, nor harmed in any way by their disobedience – Imam Ibn Rajab

Bismillaah

Ibn Rajab al-Ḥanbalī’s book, “Jāmi’ al-‘Ulūm wal-Ḥikam,” is an explanation of the forty-two famous ḥadīth collected by Imām an-Nawawī. The part of the  ḥadīth explained in this article is ḥadīth number twenty-four of that book.

The Explanation of:

يَا عِبَادِي إِنَّكُمْ لَنْ تَبْلُغُوْا ضُرِّي فَتَضُرُّوْنِي، وَلَنْ تَبْلُغُوْا نَفْعِي فَتَنْفَعُوْنِي

Oh my servants, you will never be able to harm me, and you will never be able to benefit me.”

People are incapable of ever reaching a state in which they could benefit or harm Allah, for Allah is the Self-Sufficient, the Praiseworthy. He neither needs the obedience of his servants, nor does any benefit of such obedience reach him. It is only the servants who benefit from their obedience. Likewise, he is not harmed in any way by their disobedience, but it is they who harm themselves therewith. Allah ( تَعَالَى ) says:

وَلا يَحْزُنكَ الَّذِينَ يُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْكُفْرِ إِنَّهُمْ لَن يَضُرُّوا اللَّهَ شَيْئًا

And do not be grieved by those who hasten into disbelief. They will certainly never harm Allah at all.[Sūrah Āli ‘Imrān, 3:176]

And he says:

وَمَن يَنقَلِبْ عَلَى عَقِبَيْهِ فَلَن يَضُرَّ اللَّهَ شَيْئًا

And he who turns back on his heels will never harm Allah at all.[Sūrah Āli ‘Imrān, 3:144]

And Allah ( عَزَّ وَجَلَّ ) says:

وَإِن تَكْفُرُوا فَإِنَّ لِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الأَرْضِ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ غَنِيًّا حَمِيدًا

But if you disbelieve, then to Allah belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. And ever is Allah free of need, praiseworthy. [Sūrah al-Nisā, 4:131]

And he says, quoting the prophet Moses:

وَقَالَ مُوسَى إِن تَكْفُرُوا أَنتُمْ وَمَن فِي الأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَغَنِيٌّ حَمِيدٌ

And Moses said, “If you should disbelieve, you and whoever is on the earth entirely, indeed, Allah is Free of need, praiseworthy.” [Sūrah Ibrāhīm, 14:8]

And Allah says:

وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ

And whoever disbelieves, certainly Allah free of need from all creations.[Sūrah Āli ‘Imrān, 3:97]

And:

لَن يَنَالَ اللَّهَ لُحُومُهَا وَلَا دِمَاؤُهَا وَلَٰكِن يَنَالُهُ التَّقْوَىٰ مِنكُمْ

Neither their meat, nor their blood (e.g., of animals slaughtered for charity) reaches Allah; but what reaches him is piety from you.[Sūrah al-Ḥajj, 22:37]

Allah ( تَعَالَى ) loves his servants to remain conscious of him and obey him, just as he dislikes them to disobey him. For this reason, Allah is happier with people’s repentance than the happiness felt by a person who, having lost his riding animal in a vast desert upon which are his food and drink, searches desperately for his mount to the point of exhaustion and finally, giving up all hope of ever finding it, gives in to certain despair that his life is as an end, and he abandons himself to death. As he succumbs to his exhaustion and sleeps, he later wakes up to find his riding animal standing right before him. This is one of the highest levels of happiness imaginable among creation.[51]

Allah is even happier than such a person despite the fact that he is in no way in need of his servants’ obedience or their repentance. Rather, he returns the benefit thereof back to them out his generosity and kindness toward his servants and his love for their well-being and his desire to prevent harm from reaching them. And in return, he loves for his servants to know him, love him, fear him, remain constantly aware of him, and to obey him and exert effort in getting closer to him. He loves for them to know that no one else can forgive their sins and that he is fully capable of showing forgiveness for the sins of his servants.

And in another narration of this ḥadīth from ‘Abdul Raḥmān Ibn Ghanam from Abū Dharr, it is reported that Allah said, “Whoever among you knows that I am capable of showing forgiveness and were he to ask for my forgiveness, I would forgive him and would not mind at all.”


The Explanation of:

يَا عِبَادِي لَو أَنَّ أَوَّلَكُمْ وآخِرَكُمْ وَإِنْسَكُمْ وَجِنَّكُمْ كَانُوْا عَلَى أَتْقَى قَلْبِ رَجُلٍ وَاحِدٍ مِنْكُمْ مَا زَادَ ذَلِكَ فِي مُلْكِي شَيْئًا، يَا عِبَادِي لَو أَنَّ أَوَّلَكُمْ وآخِرَكُمْ وَإِنْسَكُمْ وَجِنَّكُمْ كَانُوْا عَلَى أَفْجَرِ قَلْبِ رَجُلٍ وَاحِدٍ مِنْكُمْ مَا نَقَصَ ذَلِكَ مِنْ مُلْكِي شَيْئًا

“Oh my servants, if the first of you and the last of you, the people and jinn among you, were all to have hearts as righteous as the most righteous man among you, that would not increase my kingdom in anything. Oh my servants, if the first of you and the last of you, the people and jinn among you, were to have hearts as wicked as the most wicked man among you, that would not decrease my kingdom in anything.”

This shows that the kingdom of Allah will not increase in anything even if all creatures were as pious and had hearts as the most righteous person among them. Similarly, his kingdom will never decrease by the sins of sinners even if all the jinn and humans were to be as cruel and evil, having hearts as evil as the most wicked person among them. Allah ( سُبْحَانَهُ ) is self-sufficient, having no need whatsoever of anyone else. There is absolute perfection in his self, his characteristics, and in his actions. His dominion and authority is also perfect with no weakness or flaws to diminish it in any way.

Some people believe that the creations brought about by Allah – those present now – are the most perfect forms than had Allah created them in any other way. And the evil we witness among creation is a conditional type of evil dependent on some things within creation; it is not an absolute evil existing in creation such that its nonexistence would be better than its current existence under all circumstances. Rather, the fact that such aspects of evil are present is actually better than if they were not. They say that such an understanding is the meaning of Allah’s statement:

بِيَدِكَ الْخَيْرُ

In your hand is all good. [Sūrah Āli ‘Imrān, 3:26]

And this is the meaning of the prophet’s ( صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ ) statement:

الشَّرُّ لَيْسَ إِلَيْكَ

Evil is not to be attributed to you. [Muslim (no. 771)]

Meaning: Absolute evil – that which the absent thereof would be better than its presence – is not present in your dominion. This kind of absolute evil is not to be found in Allah’s kingdom because Allah ( تَعَالَى ) brings about his creation and what it requires of wisdom and justice. Sometimes he distinguishes particular people (perhaps in this life or the next) with favors which he does not give others out of his justice and what that necessitates of complete wisdom.

Yet in such an understanding there is an issue which contradicts the point being made in the ḥadīth in that were all creations to have the best characteristics of piety and righteousness, that would not increase and improve his dominion at all. And were all the creations to have wicked characteristics that would lower the status and manner in which they were initially created, that would still not decrease the dominion of Allah in any way. [In other words, perhaps it is possible to become better or worse than one’s initial creation due to belief or disbelief in Allah, obedience or disobedience, etc.] And this (the fact that people have the choice to become better or worse) shows that Allah’s dominion and kingdom are still perfect in every way; it can neither be improved, nor perfected or completed even by obedience just as it cannot be decreased by disobedience. Nothing at all affects its perfection.

These statement (of the ḥadīth) mentioning the heart also indicate that the source of righteousness and wickedness is the heart. When the heart is pious and conscious of Allah, the (actions of the) limbs will be righteous, and when the heart is evil, the limbs will be likewise.[54]

Because of this, the prophet (صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ) said:

التَّقْوَى هَا هُنَا

Righteousness is right here.

And he pointed to his chest.[Muslim (no. 2564)]


Footnotes:

[51] This comparison is taken from a ḥadīth in which the prophet ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) said:

لَلَّهُ أَشَدُّ فَرَحًا بِتَوْبَةِ عَبْدِهِ حِينَ يَتُوبُ إِلَيْهِ مِنْ أَحَدِكُمْ كَانَ عَلَى رَاحِلَتِهِ بِأَرْضِ فَلاةٍ فَانْفَلَتَتْ مِنْهُ وَعَلَيْهَا طَعَامُهُ وَشَرَابُهُ، فَأَيِسَ مِنْهَا، فَأَتَى شَجَرَةً فَاضْطَجَعَ فِي ظِلِّهَا قَدْ أَيِسَ مِنْ رَاحِلَتِهِ فَبَيْنَا هُوَ كَذَلِكَ إِذَا هُوَ بِهَا قَائِمَةً عِنْدَهُ فَأَخَذَ بِخِطَامِهَا ثُمَّ قَالَ مِنْ شِدَّةِ الْفَرَحِ: اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ عَبْدِي وَأَنَا رَبُّكَ! أَخْطَأَ مِنْ شِدَّةِ الْفَرَحِ

Allah is happier with the repentance of his servant when he repents to him than if one of you were traveling on his riding animal in a vast desert but it escapes while carrying his food and drink. After giving up all hope of catching it, the man then reclines in the shade of a tree, having despaired of finding his mount. While in such a state, he suddenly finds it standing right next to him so he takes its reins and cries out from sheer joy, “Oh Allah, you are my servant and I am your lord!” He makes such a mistake only from extreme happiness.

[Recorded by Muslim (no. 4939) and al-Bukāhrī” (no. 5863).]

[54] This point has been reported in a ḥadīth in al-Bukāhrī (no. 52) and Muslim (no. 1599) in which the prophet ( صلّى الله
عليه وسلّم ) said:

أَلا وَإنَّ فِي الْجَسَدِ مُضْغَةً إذَا صَلَحَتْ صَلَحَ الْجَسَدُ كُلُّهُ ، وَإِذَا فَسَدَتْ فَسَدَ الْجَسَدُ كُلُّهُ ، ألا وَهِيَ القَلْبُ

There is within the body an organ, if it is pure the entire body will be purified, and if it is corrupt, the entire body will be corrupted. It is certainly the heart.

Posted from: The Forbiddance of Oppression – Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali, Translated by Abu az-Zubayr Harrison

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Drawing Near To Allaah: The One Allaah Loves – Shaykh Uthaymeen | Dr. Saleh As-Saleh [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Hadeeth No:38 from Imam Nawawi’s Forth Hadeeth

The explanation is based upon that of Shaykh Ibn Al-‘Uthaymeen rahimahullah

[Souncloud Audio Link]Attaining Nearness to Allah and His Love

On the authority of Abu Hurayrah (radi Allaahu anhu) who said: The Messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه وسلّم) said,  “Verily Allah ta’ala has said:

‘Whosoever shows enmity to a wali (friend) of Mine, then I have declared war against him. And My servant does not draw near to Me with anything more loved to Me than the religious duties I have obligated upon him. And My servant continues to draw near to me with nafil (supererogatory) deeds until I Love him. When I Love him, I am his hearing with which he hears, and his sight with which he sees, and his hand with which he strikes, and his foot with which he walks. Were he to ask [something] of Me, I would surely give it to him; and were he to seek refuge with Me, I would surely grant him refuge.’

[Bukhari]

Posted from: Hadeeth – An Nawawi 40 Hadeeth – Dr. Saleh as-Saleh [Audio Series|En]

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