The Search for the Truth by a Man Known as Salman the Persian (Salman al-Faarisse) – Dr. Saleh as Saleh

This Book is for everyone who is searching within himself for answers about many questions: Who am I? Is there a purpose for my existence? Who is the True God? What is the True Road for Salvation? Is It Islam? If I become a Muslim what does it mean to me, my family and the society at large?

Today many realize that all of the materialistic and secular progress produced a spiritual vacuum that led to social, economical, political and psychological problems. That is why people who used to say: “let us live this life and enjoy it.” or “hey! We don’t want to know about God”, are in search again

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[The Search for the Truth – Salman al-Faarisse – Dr Saleh As-Saleh]

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The Message of the Messengers – Dr. Saleh as Saleh (Rahimahullah)

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Knowing Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) – Dr. Saleh as Saleh (Rahimahullah)

Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) – Knowing The “Mercy to Mankind” – by Dr. Saleh as Saleh (Rahimahullah)

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Knowing Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) – By Dr. Saleh as Saleh [PDF]

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Knowing The “Mercy to Mankind”
By Dr. Saleh As-Saleh
Muharram 17, 1427 AH
February 16, 2006 CE

Important Terms:

1-Islamic Calendar: 12 months
2- AH = After Hijrah (migration of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) from Makkah to Medinah).

Month No – Month Name

1 Muharram
2 Safar
3 Rabee’Al-Awwal
4 Rabee’ Ath-Thaani
5 Jamadaa Al-Awwal
6 Jamadaa Ath-Thaani
7 Rajab
8 Sha’baan
9 Ramadhan
10 Shawwaal
11 Thul Qi’dah
12 Thul Hijjah

Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم salal-laahu ‘Alayhi wasallam ) was born in Makkah which is one of the most important cities of the Jazeeratul-‘arab (the Arabian Peninsula). Makkah (Mecca) was not inhabited by people until Allaah commanded Prophet Ibraheem (Abraham عليه السلام: ‘alayhis-salaam [2]), to take his wife Hajar and his son Ismaeel (Ishma’il) to live there. Allaah sent them because He willed that from this place (i.e. Makkah) a message for all mankind would arise. Ibraheem (عليه السلام) left his wife Hajar and his son Isma’eel in Makkah and returned to Palestine.

At that time Makkah was a land where there was scarcity of water so when the child Isma’eel became thirsty his mother Hajar could not find any water for him. Allaah sent the angel Jibreel (Gabriel) ‘alayhis-salaam عليه السلام who started hitting the ground with his feet and Allaah caused water to gush forth. This special water still exists to this day and its called the ZamZam water. This water was the answer to the Du’a (prayer) that Ibraheem (‘alayhis-salaam عليه السلام) made and it is mentioned in the Qur’aan:

“O our Lord! I have made some of my offspring to dwell in an uncultivable valley by Your Sacred House (the Ka’bah at Makkah); in order, O our Lord, that they may perform As-Salât (establish prayer), so fill some hearts among men with love towards them, and (O Allah) provide them with fruits so that they may give thanks. [Qur’an, Ibrahim (14): 37]

Soon people started coming to Makkah and eventually it flourished until it became one of the most important cities in the Arabian Peninsula. When Isma’eel (عليه السلام) became older, Allaah commanded Ibraheem (عليه السلام) and his son to raise the Ka’aba.

Later Isma’eel (عليه السلام) married and had many children and grand-children. Generations later they became many tribes. Our Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) came from the tribe called Quraysh. For many years the descendants of Ibraheem and Isma’eel (‘alayhimus-Salaam) worshiped Allaah alone but as the generations passed the people forgot the way of Ibraheem and started worshiping idols, sun, moon, stars, fire and other dieties.

Each tribe had many families and a leader whom the people followed and obeyed. ‘Abdul Muttalib, the grand-father of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم), was one of the leaders of his tribe called Quraysh. The place where these Arabs lived became known as the Arabian Peninsula. Every Arab defended his own tribe against other tribes in the course of many wars between tribes. Before the coming of Islam, the Arabs were known for some good qualities such as respecting the neighbors, being generous, keeping promises, etc.. They also had very bad qualities such as drinking alcohol and burying their young girls alive because they did not like it when girls were born.

Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was born in the tribe of Quraysh in Makkah on a Monday in the year 571 C.E. His father’s name was ‘Abdullah and his mother’s name was Aaminah bint [3] Wahab. His grand-father ‘Abdul-Muttalib was very pleased and named him Muhammad. His complete name is Muhammad bin [4] ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abdul Muttalib bin Hashim from the tribe of Quraysh.

The Prophet’s father ‘Abdullah was one of the best youth in all of Makkah. After his marriage with Aaminah he travelled to a land called Bilaad ush-Shaam. Today this comprises West of Iraq, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Palestine. On his way back to Makkah he fell ill and died. His death occurred seven months before the birth of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم).

It was the culture of the Arabs to get their children suckled by nursing women who lived away from the city life thus the children could learn to adapt themselves to the harsh conditions of the desert. Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was suckled by his mother for a little while but later was given to a woman called Haleemah As-Sa’diyyah. She took him to her house which was located outside of Makkah and he stayed with her until he was four years old.

When Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) turned six years old, his mother Aamina died. ‘Abdul Muttalib took Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) in his custody and took care of him. He loved Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) very much but he died when the Prophet was only eight years old. The Prophet was then looked after by his uncle, Abu Taalib, who loved him dearly. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) started working at a very young age as a shepherd for the people of Makkah but did not get much in return. At the age of fifteen he started going with his uncle on business trips. He gained a lot of good reputation and thus the people of Makkah started calling him Al-Ameen (the trustworthy).

In Makkah there lived a very honorable woman by the name of Khadeejah bint Khuwaylid. She heard about the Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) truthfulness and sent him on a business trip. She had a servant-boy by the name of Maysara who accompanied the Prophet on that journey. The Prophet took her caravan to the lands of Ash-shaam and came back with a lot of profit. The servant-boy informed Khadeejah of his excellent manners and qualities. Khadeejah was very impressed by this and wanted to marry the Prophet. The Prophet’s uncle, Abu Taalib, arranged the marriage between them. At that time Khadeejah was forty years old and the Prophet was twenty five years old. She was a very good wife and a great help to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم).

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) had six children with Khadeejah, two boys and four girls. Their names were ‘Abdullah, Qaasim, Zainab, Ruqayyah, Umm Kulthum and Fatimah. ‘Abdullah and Qaasim died at a young age. He also had another son named Ibraheem from Maria al Qibtiyah who was from Egypt. Ibraheem too died at a very young age. All his daughters became Muslims.

Once the people of Makkah differed amongst themselves as to who will rebuild the Ka’bah when its building became weak. There is a special stone called the ‘Black Stone’ and all the tribes wanted this great honor to place it in position. They could not come to a solution thus they started arguing and even were getting prepared to fight. Some amongst them suggested that the first person to come to their meeting would be the judge and will decide about whom amongst them would place the Black Stone. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was the first one to come to the meeting and he was thirty five years old at that time. When they saw the Prophet come they all shouted with joy, “this is Al-Ameen (the trustworthy) and we accept him as our judge.” The Prophet was a very wise man. He ordered for a sheet to be placed on the ground and then he placed the Black Stone in the middle of it. The Prophet asked each tribe to hold one end of the sheet thus all the tribes worked in unity and carried the stone. All the tribes being pleased with this judgment showed once again the wisdom of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم).

The people of Quraysh loved and respected him but the Prophet himself was not pleased about some matters. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was greatly bothered when he saw his people worshiping idols, drinking alcohol and gambling. Thus he did not like to mix with them but when he saw some good he shared with them. Many times he went into seclusion in order to avoid the evil of the society he was living in. He (صلى الله عليه وسلم) went to a cave in a mountain called Hiraa for one a month each year in order to contemplate about the way of Ibraheem which was pure from idol worship.

One night of Ramadhan in the year 610 (C.E) an extraordinary event that would change the course of history happened. The Archangel Jibreel was sent to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم by Allaah. He squeezed the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) three times and each time Jibreel asked the Prophet to ‘Read’. The first verses of the Qur’aan were revealed to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) on that night….

Read! In the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists), has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood). Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous. Who has taught (the writing) by the pen, has taught man that which he knew not. [Qur’an, Al Alaq (96): 1-5]

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was very frightened due to this incidence thus he hurried home and he asked his wife to cover him. Khadeejah (may Allaah be pleased with her) covered the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and comforted him. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) narrated the incident to her and Khadeejah, after showing her support, took him to her cousin Waraqah bin Nawfal. He was a wise man and knew the stories of the Prophets who came before. Waraqah comforted Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and explained to him the great responsibility that is going to be given to him.

The moment that changed history began. Allaah ordered the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) to call people to Islam (though not openly). Allaah told him:

O you (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) enveloped (in garments)! Arise and warn! [Quran, AlMuddaththir (74):1-2]

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) obeyed the command of Allaah and started calling the people towards the worship of Allaah alone, without any partners (idols, saints, angels and other creation that the people of Makkah worshiped before Islam). The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) began preaching to his family and then his friends. The first to accept Islam was his wife Khadeejah, may Allaah be pleased with her. The first amongst the men to believe in Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was Abu Bakr as-Sideeq, and amongst the boys the first to believe were Ali who was the cousin of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and Zaid bin Harith, may Allaah be pleased with them all.

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) preached for three years in secrecy and met in a house called the place of Arqam. Then Allaah commanded the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) to call the people openly to the truth.

Therefore proclaim openly (Allah’s Message of Islamic Monotheism) that which you are commanded, and turn away from Al-Mushrikeen (polytheists, idolaters, and disbelievers, etc. – see V.2:105). [Qur’an, Al-Hijr (15): 94].

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) obeyed and called the people of Makkah for a meeting on mount Safa. He told them the message of Tawheed, that is to worship none but Allaah. A man amongst the crowd started shouting angrily at the Prophet and he was Abu Lahab the uncle of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم). Allaah revealed a whole chapter about him. Allaah Says:

Perish the two hands of Abû Lahab (an uncle of the Prophet), and perish he! His wealth and his children (etc.) will not benefit him! He will be burnt in a Fire of blazing flames! And his wife too, who carries wood (thorns of Sadan which she used to put on the way of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم ), or use to slander him). In her neck is a twisted rope of Masad (palm fibre). [Qur’an, Al-Masad (111): 1-5]

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) preached this way for ten years. During this time he and those who accepted Islam suffered many types of torment. The people of Makkah called the Prophet names, calling him crazy, insane, magician and other bad names. They warned the people of other tribes to not to talk to him. They put thorns on his way and also tortured other Muslims. The Muslims were very patient because the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) told them to be patient to gain the pleasure of Allaah. Amongst them were Bilal bin Rabah, Ammar bin Yaasir, may Allaah be pleased with all of them. The parents of Ammar, Yaasir and Summaiyah, were tortured and killed by the Mushrikeen (disbelivers) thus they became the first Shaheeds (martyrs) of Islam. The only person who stood up for Prophet was his Uncle Abu Taalib.

The Prophet ordered the Muslims who were tortured extensively to leave and migrate to a land in Africa called Abyssinia (now Ethiopia). The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) chose this place because the King of Abyssinia, an-Najaashi was a just ruler. The Muslims began to migrate to Abyssinia secretly without the knowledge of the Quraysh until they were almost one hundred. An-Najaashi honored them and treated them well. The Quraysh were angered by the behaviour of An-Najaashi and in order to harm the Muslims who were settled in Abyssinia they sent some delegates to trick An-Najaashi. The delegates were loaded with gifts and they asked An-Najaashi to return the Muslims to the Makkahns. They told him that the Muslims were bad rebellious people who invented a new religion, but Allaah caused their plot to fail. An-Najaashi was a just ruler and when he enquired with the Muslims about their religion he realized that Islam was the true religion. Later An-Najaashi also believed in Islam. But did not say it in the open because he feared for his life from his people who were mostly Christians.

The number of Muslims began to grow day after day. Even some of the leaders of the Quraysh accepted Islam, amongst them were Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib, ‘Umar bin Al-Khataab, may Allaah be pleased with them. The Mushrikeen were angered by this and they plotted against the family of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم). They boycotted the Muslims by stopping the trade with them and the Muslims entered the state of siege for three years. The Muslims suffered so much so that they had to eat from the leaves of the trees. When some leaders saw this they felt sympathetic and ended the boycott. In that year his uncle Abu Taalib died and also his wife Khadeejah (may Allaah be pleased with her) died. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was greatly affected by this. In fact this year was called the Year of Sorrow.

The Mushrikeen from Quraysh took this opportunity and increased their transgression towards the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم). But the Prophet was very patient and he continued to call the people from other tribes to Islam. During these difficult moments the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) reached a city called at-Taaif hoping to find some support but he was hurt again. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) also called to Islam the tribes visiting Makkah for Pilgrimage but the tribes refused.

In the eleventh year of Prophethood six people from the city of Madeenah contacted the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and accepted Islam secretly due to their fear of Quraysh. When they returned to Madeenah they preached Islam to their people and, all praise is due to Allaah, many accepted Islam. A year later twelve people from Madeenah came and met the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) in a place called al-Aqabah. They gave their allegiance to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم). This pledge is known as the Pledge of al-‘Aqabah al-Uulaa (The First Pledge of al-‘Aqabah) The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) sent his companion Mus’ab bin Umair, may Allaah be pleased with him, with them to Madeenah to teach them Islam.

Islam began spreading rapidly in Madeenah, so much so that every house at least had one person who was a Muslim. A year later, seventy three men and women from Madeenah came to Makkah in order to perform Hajj (Pilgrimage). There they met Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) in the middle of the night at a place called Mina because they did not want to be seen by the Mushrikeen of Quraysh. The uncle of Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) Al-‘Abbas was present and they all gave the pledge of support to the Prophet and they invited the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) to stay with them in Madeenah. This was the Second Pledge of al-‘Aqabah.

The Mushrikeen amongst the Quraysh knew about the Second Pledge of al-‘Aqabah. This greatly worried them and thus they increased their torture on the Muslims. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) permitted some Muslims to migrate to Madeenah and they left Makkah in secrecy.

Soon after the Mushrikeen of Quraysh plotted to kill the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), but Allaah the Most High informed the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) of their plan. The Prophet told his closest companion Abu Bakr as-Sideeq that he intended to migrate to Madeenah and Abu Bakr agreed to go with him. The Mushrikeen amongst the Quraysh surrounded the Prophet’s home in order to kill him. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) ordered his cousin ‘Ali bin Abee Taalib (may Allaah be pleased with him) to sleep on his bed and Allaah then caused the Mushirkeen to not see the Prophet whilst he was leaving the house. The Prophet then met with Abu Bakr and they both left to Madeenah.

Later when the Mushrikeen realized that the Prophet had already left they put a price of hundred camels on his head. Anyone who would inform about the whereabouts of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) would get that reward of hundred camels. They were hiding in a cave and the Mushrikeen were very close to the cave but Allaah protected the Prophet and Abu Bakr and they were able to reach Madeenah safely. Allaah Says about this in the Qur’aan:

If you help him (Muhammad  صلى الله عليه وسلم) not (it does not matter), for Allah did indeed help him when the disbelievers drove him out, the second of two, when they (Muhammad  صلى الله عليه وسلم and Abu Bakr) were in the cave, and he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said to his companion (Abu Bakr): “Be not sad (or afraid), surely Allah is with us.” Then Allah sent down His Sakeenah (calmness, tranquility, peace, etc.) upon him, and strengthened him with forces (angels) which you saw not, and made the word of those who disbelieved the lowermost, while it was the Word of Allah that became the uppermost, and Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. [Qur’an, At-Tawbah (9): 40]

When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) reached Madeenah there was a great reception for him and his companion. Madeenah was later called Al-Madeenatu-Nabawiyyah, the City of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم). Allaah named those who migrated to Madeenah from Makkah as ‘Muhajireen’. When the transgression of the Mushrikeen increased Allaah ordered the Prophet to fight them. Allaah Says in Qur’aan:

And fight in the Way of Allah those who fight you, but transgress not the limits. Truly, Allah likes not the transgressors. [This Verse is the first one that was revealed in connection with Jihad, but it was supplemented by another (V.9:36)]. [Qur’an Al-Baqarah (2):190].

A caravan of Quraysh was returning to Makkah from Ash-Shaam (greater Syria area) and it had lots of goods in it. When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) heard about this he decided to take it because of what the Mushrikeen took from the wealth of the believers of Makkah. This caravan was led by Abu Sufyaan. When he came to know about this he sent for the Mushrikeen of Makkah to help guard his caravan but before their arrival Abu Sufyaan’s caravan was able to flee. Whilst on his way back he met his people who were coming to protect the caravan. Abu Sufyaan told them to return back to Makkah but the leaders of Quraysh refused and proceeded to fight the Muslims. They kept marching in the direction of the city of Madeenah with an army of one thousand men.

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) consulted with the Muhajireen and the Ansaar (the helpers, the people of Madeenah who helped the Prophet and his companions were given this title) and told them to stand up against the transgression of Quraysh. Both the Ansaar and the Muhajireen agreed to this and they were 314 in number. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) called upon Allaah for help and the battle of ‘Badr’ started on the day of Friday the 17th of Ramadhan, a year after the migration of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) to Madeenah. Allaah sent angels to fight the Quraysh and gave the Muslims a great victory. Seventy of the Mushrik were killed, seventy were taken as captives and fourteen Muslims were martyred. The Quraysh wanted revenge and they prepared an army of three thousands men which was led by Abu Sufyaan. When the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) came to know of this he again consulted with his companions and decided to confront the Mushrikheen of Makkah.

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) took 1000 companions to the Mount Uhud and organized their positions. He told a special group of Muslims to not leave their own place at any cost and they were positioned where they could easily protect the Muslims from the enemies. When the battle began victory was almost guaranteed for the Muslims and when the special group saw this they wanted to collect the spoils of war and thus left their positions. The Mushrikeen seized this opportunity and killed many Muslims, amongst them was Hamza bin ‘Abdul Muttalib, the uncle of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم). Even the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was hurt on his face and some of his teeth were broken. This battle took place on Saturday the 15th of Shawwal, three years after the migration of Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم).

There were many Jews living in Madeenah and they did not keep their promise to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) of not attacking and not harming the Muslims. They went to the Mushrikeen of Makkah and told them to continue with their fight and promised them wealth, arms and support against the Muslims. Thus the Mushrikeen of Makkah started to call upon other tribes to fight against the Muslims and they managed to gather an army of 10,000 fighters who was led by Abu Sufyaan. They went to fight the Muslims on the 15th of Shawwal 5 AH. The Prophet consulted with his companions once again and they all agreed to stay in Madeenah and protect it.

Madeenah was exposed geographically for attacks from all its sides and thus there was great danger in this. One of the companions by the name Salman al Farisy, who was a Persian, suggested building a big ditch/trench around Madeenah in order to prevent the Mushrikeen of Makkah from entering the city. An army of 3000 Muslims was prepared to fight the Mushrikeen. When the army of the Makkans arrived at Madeenah it could not pass the trench and was confused as to what it could possibly do to win the war. For a whole month the enemy forces surrounded Madeenah but the weather was getting worse by the day. On one of the cold winter nights a strong wind blew their tents and caused much devastation to their army. They were hit by pebbles and sand and were forced to retreat. Thus the plot of the Jews failed. Allaah reminds us of this in the Qur’aan:

O you who believe! Remember Allah’s Favour to you, when there came against you hosts, and We sent against them a wind and forces that you saw not [i.e. troops of angels during the battle of Al-Ahzab (the Confederates)]. And Allah is Ever All-Seer of what you do. [Qura’an, Al-Ahzab (33): 9].

This battle is known as the battle of Ahzaab.

A year later the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) wanted to perform ‘Umrah (a visit to the Ka’abah, the Sacred House in Makkah). When he and his companions entered a place called Al-Hudhaibiyah they were prevented by the Mushrikeen from entering Makkah and performing the ‘Umrah. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) started negotiating with the Quraysh and in the end they agreed on a peace treaty, the ‘Treaty of Hudaibiyyah’. From the conditions were:

1) Ending of the war between the Mushrikeen of Makkah and Muslims for ten years.
2) The ‘Umrah was to be delayed until the next year.
3) The Arabian tribes are given the choice to join Muslims or the Quraysh.

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) gained much benefit from this treaty and he started preaching Islam to people outside of Madeenah. Many entered the fold of Islam during this period but the Quraysh broke their covenant by attacking the tribes that gave allegiance to the Muslims. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) decided to open Makkah and he prepared an army of 10,000 people. On the 20th of Ramadhan 8 AH, the Muslims reached Makkah. When the Quraysh saw the Muslims they lost their morale and the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) opened Makkah without a fight. Then he performed tawaaf (circumambulation) of the Ka’abah and destroyed the idols inside it. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم( was reciting the following verses from the Qur’aan whilst he was breaking the idols:

And say: “Truth (i.e. Islamic Monotheism or this Qur’an or Jihad against polytheists) has come and Batil (falsehood, i.e. polytheism, Satan, or etc.) has vanished. Surely! Batil is ever bound to vanish.” [Qur’an, Al-Isra (17): 81]

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) pardoned the people of Makkah. They became convinced that Islam was the true religion and they became Muslims. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) made da’wah (call to Islam) outside of Madeenah and the victory of Makkah boosted the morale of Muslims even more and many other people embraced Islam. Allaah Says about this in the Qur’aan:

When comes the Help of Allah (to you, O Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) against your enemies and the conquest of Makkah), and you see that the people enter Allah’s religion (Islam) in crowds. [Qur’an, An-Nasr (110): 1-2].

In the 10th year AH the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) called his companions to come and perform Hajj (Pilgrimage to Makkah) with him in order to teach them the method of performing Hajj. About 100,000 came to perform Hajj. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) stood on the mount of Mercy on the day of ‘Arafah (the 9th Day of the 12th month of the Islamic calendar) and gave his magnificent Sermon in which he summarized for them their rights and their duties. He (صلى الله عليه وسلم) recited this verse:

This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion. [Qur’an, al-Maidah (5): 3].

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) completed the ‘farewell pilgrimage’, it is called like this because this was the last pilgrimage of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم).

Two months after his return to Madeenah from the pilgrimage, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) became very ill and his soul surrenderd to Allaah the Most High on the 12th of Rabbi Al Awwal, 11 A.H. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was 63 years of age and was buried in the apartment of ‘Aaisha, his wife, may Allaah be pleased with her. The Muslims were very saddened by the death of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) but Abu Bakr, may Allaah be pleased with him, stood up and said “whoever worshiped Muhammad, then Muhammad is dead and whoever worshiped Allaah verily Allaah is ever living and NEVER dies”. Then he recited the following verse from the Qur’aan:

Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is no more than a Messenger, and indeed (many) Messengers have passed away before him. If he dies or is killed, will you then turn back on your heels (as disbelievers)? And he who turns back on his heels, not the least harm will he do to Allah, and Allah will give reward to those who are grateful. [Qur’an, Aali Imran (3):144].

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was medium in height. He was not too tall nor was he too short. He had a good body build up. He was trustworthy, wise, perseverant and gentle. He did not curse nor hurt anyone. He was kind to every one even those who hurt him. The Prophet was a great leader and an honorable fighter. He (صلى الله عليه وسلم) had a great character and did not have false pride and arrogance. He was forgiving and was noble. Allaah described him by saying: “verily you are of a great noble character.” He was kind to his neighbors and to the children. He called the people to worship Allaah alone like all the Prophets before him and he eliminated shirk. He corrected the people and removed the evil from the society. After the Prophet’s (صلى الله عليه وسلم) death the companions took the task of spreading Islam because Islam is for everyone the Chinese, Americans, Indians, Arabs, non-Arabs and all of mankind.

Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is the final and last Prophet and Messenger sent by Allaah to mankind. There will not be any more Prophet after him. The Qur’aan that was revealed to the Prophet is filled with the Message of ‘Tawheed’ (i.e. to worship Allaah alone without associating partners with Him). We do not worship Prophets, good people, the dead or the living, nature, etc., but we worship the only True God, Allaah.

The Muslim love the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and strive to follow his way in Islam, following him leads to Paradise and turning away from his way leads to Hell.

The Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) called to Islam which is the Tawheed of Allaah: singling Allaah alone as the True God worthy of worship. The basis of Islam is ‘Laa ilaahaa Illal-laah, Muhammad Rasoolullah’ i.e. to bear witness that ‘there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah’. This is what makes the person a Muslim and there is no religion accepted by Allaah except Islam. All the Prophets and Messengers like Adam, Noah, Ibraheem, Musa (Moses), and ‘Eesa (Jesus) called their nations to submit to Allaah in Tawheed. This is the Universal Message.

Saleh As-Saleh
17th of Muharram, 1427 AH
16th Feb. 2006

Acknowledgement: Special thanks to sis Umm Hafsah of New York for her transcribing the talks about the Biography of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) which I gave on Paltalk in 2005, and for the work of our brothers and sisters who did the translations into other languages. Special thanks also to sis Umm Ahmad al-Kanadiyyah and sis ‘Aaisha al-Falasteeniyyah for their editing and proof reading.


[1] صلى الله عليه وسلم salallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam: This is an invocation which means “may Allah exalt his mention and render him and his message safe from every derogatory thing.”
[2] ‘alayhis-salaam: May Allah render him safe from every derogatory thing.
[3] Bint= Daughter of.
[4] Bin = Son of.


Dream of the King of Greater Syria and his Trip to Madeenah – Dr. Saleh as Saleh

Source : Transcribed by Muhammad Shahzad min Hind from the lecture of Dr. Saleh As-Saleh.

You can listen or download mp3 lecture

Bismillah hirrahamanirraheem , Alhamdu lillahi Rabbil Aalameen

We begin by relating to you the story of the just king Nooruddin Mahmoud zunki , May Allah’s mercy be upon him, that took place in the year 557 after hijra. He was ruling the Greater Syria area and he saw a magnificent dream, which made him go to the city of Madina. He saw Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wassalam three times in one night and in every time Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wassalam telling him O’ Mahmoud save me from these two individuals while pointing towards to blond individuals in front of him. So the king summoned his minister before dawn and told him about this so the minister said this is a matter which may have taken place in Madina, the Madina of Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wassalam.

So he prepared himself and quickly hastened over 1000 mounts and horses and other than that until he entered in Madina quietly and secretly with his minster and he came to Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wassalam’s masjid not knowing what to do. So the minister said do you recognize these two individuals if you see them ?. He said yes .So he summoned the people to give them charity and distributed to them plenty of gold and silver and he said that no one in Madina should stay except, known in madina should stay but rather should come to receive the charity. Only two people didn’t come to collect the Sadaqa. They remained close by the masjid from Andulisya (currently Spain), in a place which in the direction of the qibla from the side of the apartment of Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wassalam close to the house of Umar Ibn Al Khattab that is where they stayed so they came or he summoned them to come for the sadqa, they refused and they said that “what we have is sufficient. We don’t accept anything”. So he stressed they should come and insisted and so they were brought. When the minister saw them, he said to him are they the same individuals? So he asked them on their condition and what brought them here .they said “we came to be close by the Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wasalam” . He said you should speak the truth and repeated the question several times until they confessed that they were christians and that they were on a mission to remove the body of the Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wassalam in agreement with their teams and he found that they dug a tunnel from the side of the qibla by the wall of the masjid in the direction of the Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wassalam’s apartment and they collected the dust of the soil in a well inside their residence. So he beheaded them outside the masjid and returned to as shams and he commanded that the area around the Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wassalam’s site of burial be dug and he commanded that lead be poured around lest some enemies or to prevent anyone from reaching Prophet Muhammad sallahu alaihi wassalam’s site of burial .

The best supplication offered on the Day of ‘arafaat is that of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him)

The best supplication offered on the Day of ‘arafaat is that of the Prophet Muhammad (Sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam)

Laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahul-mulku walahul-hamdu wahuwa ‘ala kulli shay-in qadeer

(There is no true God worthy of being worshipped except Allaah, alone, without any partners, to Him belongs the Kingdom, and all-praise is due to Him, and He is able to do all things).

Source : Hajj and Tawheed by Dr. Saleh as-Saleh ( Pg 25)

The Messenger of Allaah (Sallallaahu ‘alayhi wasallam) said:

(( خَيرُ الدُّعَاءِ : دُعَاءُ يَومِ عَرَفَةَ ، وَ خَيرُ مَا قُلْتُ أَنَا وَ النَّبِيُّونَ مِنْ قَبْلِي :  لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ ، وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، لَهُ المُلكُ ، وَ لَهُ الحَمدُ ، وَ هُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيءٍ قَدِيرٌ ))

The best du’aa is the du’aa on the Day of ‘Arafah, and the best thing that I and the Prophets before me said is:

‘Laa ilaaha illallaah, wahdahu laa shareeka lah, lahul-Mulku wa lahul-hamd,  wa huwa ‘alaa kulli shayin qadeer’.”

(There is nothing that deserves to be worshipped in truth except Allaah, He is Alone and has no partner, to Him belongs the dominion and to Him belongs all praise, and He is All-Powerful over all things) [1]

[1]  At-Tirmidhee (#3585): Declared hasan by Shaykh al-Albaanee. SeeAs-Saheehah (#1503)

Posted by (Aboo Sufyaan Uthmaan Beecher)

Hajj Contemplations – Dr. Saleh as-Saleh rahimahullaah

Source : Transcribed from : Hajj and Tawheed | Dr. Saleh as-Saleh rahimahullaah

1. This is a journey that was taken by Prophets and Messengers before you. Those who take the path of the Prophets magnify the tawheed of Allah and His House. There are those, however, who come to perform hajj and their hearts are attached to other than Allaah. They invoke the dead and the righteous, whether present or absent. This is the opposite of tawheed, it is shirk no matter what they call it because it is setting up rivals besides Allaah. So, free your intention from any kind of devotion to other than Allaah. Repent and come with a sincere heart submitting to Allaah remembering what Ibraheem and his son Ismaa’eel said when they were raising the foundations of Allah’s House, the ka’bah:

“Our Lord! And make us submissive unto You and of our offspring a nation submissive unto You, and show us our Manasik (all the ceremonies of pilgrimage – Hajj and ‘Umrah, etc.), and accept our repentance. Truly, You are the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful.”

(Baqarah 2:128)

2. You are set to depart and you may or may not return to your home. Make this journey to Allaah’s House as Allaah wants it. Think of the next journey that is surely coming, the one that leads to the meeting of Allaah, Most High. This raises questions like: What did I prepare for that Day? Am I following Allaah’s Commands? Am I a follower of the sunnah of Muhammad salAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam? Do I really know of Allaah? Am I a believer that Allaah is above the seven heavens over his ‘arsh as He has stated in His Book and as His Messengers have asserted? Am I a believer that believes Allah has a true Face that suits His Majesty as He has affirmed in the Qur’aan and as has been affirmed by His Prophet Muhammad salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam? Am I a believer in all of Allaah’s Names, Attributes and Actions which He has affirmed in His Book and by His Messengers? Or do I just take and accept by my doubt, rejecting, or distorting the meanings of Allaah’s Attributes and Actions?

And invoke not any other ilah (god) along with Allah, La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He). Everything will perish save His Face. His is the Decision, and to Him you (all) shall be returned.

(Al-Qasas 28:88)

3. Know, may Allaah’s Mercy be upon you, that when you reach the meeqaat there is another meeqaat that is still to come. It is the meeqaat (appointed meeting) on the Day of Ressurection:

Say (O Muhammad salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasalaam): “(Yes) verily, those of old, and those of later times. All will surely be gathered together for appointed Meeting of a known Day. (Al-Waqi’ah 56:49-50)

4. When you start the talbiyah remember the Command of Allaah ‘azza wa jall to the Prophet Ibraaheem ‘alayhi salaam:

And proclaim to mankind the Hajj (pilgrimage). They will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, they will come from every deep and distant (wide) mountain highway (to perform Hajj). (Al-Hajj 22:27)

The talbiyah you make is in response to the Prophet Ibraaheem’s proclamation to visit Allaah’s house of worship. Allaah is Most Great.

5. Upon entering Makkah remember that you are in the Secure Sanctuary:

Have We not established for them a secure sanctuary (Makkah), to which are brought fruits of all kinds, a provision from Ourselves, but most of them know not.

(Al-Qasas 28:57)

Let one commit himself to repentance, having a good opinion of Allaah, hoping that Allaah will grant him security from His Punishment.

6. You will enter one of the gates of al-Masjid al-Haraam. Then there you are before the magnificent House of Allaah, Most High, the ka’bah. Now you see what you hoped to see for a long time. Thank Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala for making this possible and hope that He ‘azza wa jall will grant you the greatest reward of seeing His Majestic Face on the Day of Resurrection. This thankfulness is not just in saying “alhamdu-lillaah,” but also by obeying Allaah while on hajj and for the rest of your life.

7. You start your tawaaf knowing that it is a great time for magnifying Allaah the Exalted. Remember Him ‘azza wa jall by His Names, Attributes and Actions. Also while in tawaaf try to reflect upon the time when Prophet Muhammad salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam was prevented from doing the same thing you are doing today. Then think about what he did in clearing out the site from the symbols signifying worship to other than Allaah! All idols were demolished. Busy yourself with du’aa. Ask Allaah, the Most Great, to make you hold to the correct belief and Path of the salaf and make you die on it. Ask Allaah to save you from all forms of shirk and bid’ah.

8. While in sa’yi, contemplate on Haajar, the mother of Ismaa’eel, when she asked her husband Ibraaheem ‘alayhi salaam: “Did Allah order you to do this (leaving her and her baby Ismaa’eel in Makkah)? He said: “Yes.” Her great response was: “Then He (Allaah) will not neglect us!” Think about this great dependence upon Allaah when you are in the sa’yi walking the same path which Haajar took in search for water and for means of life around the mounts of Safa and Marwah.Think about her endurance, perseverance and trust in Allaah. The sa’yi exemplifies the strong belief that we are in need of One Who Sustains and Provides – Allaah, the Exalted.

Think about Ibraaheem’s invocation on his way homeward to Palestine:

O our Lord! I have made some of my offspring to dwell in an uncultivable valley by Your Sacred House (the Ka’bah at Makkah); in order, O our Lord, that they may perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), so fill some hearts among men with love towards them, and (O Allah) provide them with fruits so that they may give thanks. (Ibrahim 14:37)

Men and fruits came to Makkah from many places. Ibraaheem ‘alayhi salaam returned to visit and later to share with his son Ismaa’eel the noble task of raising the foundations of the ka’bah.

9. The standing on ‘Arafaat is the hajj. The crowds should remind you of the Day of Resurrection. Humble yourself to Allaah, manifest your ‘uboodiyyah to Him Alone through du’aa, sincere intention and strong determination to free yourself from the sins of the past and to build up a commitment to rush for doing what is good. Think of becoming a better person when you return. Rid yourself of false pride and showing off because it may ruin what you gain on this day.

10. You gathered the pebbles and you are about to embark on stoning the jamaraat. This is an act of obedience and remembrance of Allaah, Most Magnificent. The Prophet salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam said: “When you cast the small pebbles (i.e. at the jamaraat), it will be a light for you on the Day of Resurrection.” (1)

11. When performing the sacrifice remember the saying oh Allaah, the Most High:

It is neither their meat nor their blood that reaches Allah, but it is piety from you that reaches Him. (Al-Hajj 22:37)

12. When you have completed your hajj, do not think that the remembrance of Allaah has ended. Listen to what Allah ‘azza wa jall says:

So when you have accomplished your Manasik [i.e. the rites of hajj] remember Allah as you remember your forefathers or with a far more remembrance.

(Al-Baqarah 2:200)

Special note: If you go to Madeenah then the objective of your visit should be according to the sunnah and not bid’ah. Your intention is to set on a journey to visit the Prophet’s mosque and not his grave. When you reach the mosque and you pray upon entering then you may go to the grave and say, “Assalamu ‘alayka ayyuhan-nabiyy.” (2) The same salaam is also mentioned when you pass by Abu Bakr and ‘Umar without innovations like:

a. Visiting the grave of the Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam before praying in the mosque.

b. Making du’aa facing the grave.

c. Seeking nearness to Allaah by means of the Prophet salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam. This is a prohibited form of tawassul.

d. Seeking intercession from the Prophet salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam.

e. Placing the hands upon the grills around the room containing the Prophet’s grave to seek blessings, etc. (3)

Remember the Prophet’s salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam sayings:

“Do not make my grave an ‘eed (place of celebration)…” (4)

“May Allaah’s curse be on the Jews and Christians for taking the graves of their Prophets as places of worship.” (5)

“Those before you took the graves of their Prophets as places of worship. Do not take graves as places of worship for verily I forbid you to do so.” (6)

13. The journey is not meant to gain any material reward. It is a selfless sacrifice solely for Allaah, Most Majestic. It demands true love and fear of Him. It should be performed with full consciousness of one’s heart, with full humility and submission to Allaah. It should not be thought of as a tourist-type excursion or be performed as mere physical rites. It develops sincerity, piety, humility, self-control, sacrifice, and true knowledge of the meaning of submission and obedience to Allaah, Most High. It helps the pilgrim to be a better person who is devoted to Allaah in every aspect of his life.


(1) Reported by Al-Bazzaar in his Zawaa’id (p. 113) on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas. Al-Haafith Ibn Hajar reported that its isnaad is hasan. This hadeeth is reported by Shaykh Al-Albaani in his Silsilat al-Ahaadeeth as-Saheehah, V.6, hedeeth #2515

(2) The position of the scholars regarding visiting the gravesites by women can be summarized as follows:

(a) Disliked but not unlawful, (b) Allowable, if done infrequently. If a woman is known as being unable to behave herself within the limits of sharee’ah at a gravesite, then she should be prevented from visiting the graves, (c) Forbidden, and (d) A grave sin

Many scholars state that women visiting the Prophet’s mosque may pronounce the salaam upon the Prophet salAllaahu ‘alayhi wasallam wherever the person may be. The Prophet salAllahu ‘alayhi wasallam is in a state of barzakh (a state of existence that begins with death and lasts until the Day of Resurrection), the nature of which is only known to Allaah, Most High. [See ash-Sharhul Mumti’, V.5, pp. 475-478]

3. Refer to Shaykh Al-Albaani’s book Manaasik al-Hajj wal ‘Umrah for more details.

4. Collected by Abu Daawood, [sunan Abee Daawwood (English Translation), V.2, pp. 542-543,
hadeeth #2037], and Ahmad (2:367). Shaykh Al-Albaani stated its isnaad (chain of narrators) is hasan (correct). [See Tahtheer as-Saajid min Ittikhaathil Quboor Masaajid by Shaykh Muhammad Naasirud-Deen Al-Albaani (4th edition), [Beirut: al-maktab al-islaami, 1403/1983], p.97]

5. Collected by Al-Bukhari [Saheeh al-Bukhari (Arabic/English), V.2, p.232,
hadeeth#414],and Muslim [Saheeh Muslim (English trans.), V.1, p.268,
hadeeth #1074], Abu Daawood, At-Tirmithee, An-Nassaa’i, and Ibn Majah.

6. Saheeh Muslim, (English trans.), V.1, p. 269, hadeeth #1063


Sisters: Menses at time of Laylatul Qadr – Dr. Saleh As-Saleh [Audio|En]

[mp3] Menses at time of Laylatul Qadr by Dr. Saleh As-Saleh(Rahimahullah) – Transcribed Lecture

The woman in her menses in her last ten days of Ramadhaan is still beneficial for her to get up in the last third of the night to make du’a as she cannot make salaah, of course . It is beneficial to make du’a in the third of the night and this is open for the one who is in a state of ritual purity or ritual impurity. So there is nothing wrong with that. And the woman in menses also could recite Qur’an from her memory and could make remembrances. All of that. And we can refer you to the book, “Natural Blood of Woman” by our Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen. Check this book insha Allah.

If a sister on her menses during the last ten nights, is she allowed to do prayer on these nights?

No. She can do anything except the prayers and fasting. She can invoke Allah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala). She can invoke Allah with this du’a. She can give charity. She can do all good actions of worship except for praying and fasting. Is this clear insha Allah sister? And by the way, a comment on this answer, for all the sisters: a woman who gets her menses during this time – this is a matter prescribed by Allah. They should not feel in anyway, saddened at all. Why should they feel sad? Even a little bit, when Allah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) prescribed this matter upon them? This is a very important matter. They shouldn’t have any kind of objection what so ever. They are not going to be deprived of anything that Allah (subhaanahu wa ta’aala) bestowed of his favors because of this. He is the one who commanded her to refrain from prayers. He is the one who commanded her to refrain from fasting. Mercy upon her. I hope that this is insha Allah, ya’ni, met with good understanding.

There is a good question:
Because she cannot do the prayers on these nights due to the menses, doesn’t that mean she misses out on the rewards of praying the night of Qadr?

The answer is that, she cannot due to a legal permit. So she does the acts of worship permitted for her. She may recite Qur’an from memory. She may invoke Allah on these nights, anticipating these nights. She may give charity. She does what she is permitted to do. And that is why our Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah) mentioned that the matter is not limited to the establishment of prayers. But rather to all of the actions. To all of the worship. So that is the critical difference. Because we know that in some nights Prophet Muhammad (salallahu ‘alaiyhi wasallam) did not establish the prayers all night

So the sisters who have their natural blood on these days, shouldn’t give up.
Do acts of worship that are permitted.
Give charity.
Give good word.
Anticipating the reward from Allah. Making du’a. Making remembrances. Alhamdulillah.

An Interview with Umm Saalih, A Grandmother Who Completed Memorizing the Qur’an at 82 Years Old

As Read by Dr. Saleh As-Saleh

You can download the below as PDF @ An Interview with Umm Saalih, A Grandmother Who Completed Memorizing the Qur’an at 82 Years Old

Al-Hamdulillaah (All-Praise is due to Allah), the One Who said (what means): “And in truth We have made the Qur’aan easy to remember; but is there any that remembers?” Surah 54: 32

Many all over the world memorize the Qur’aan, and it is not strange to see the youth memorizing the Noble Qur’aan and an early age. Al-Hamdulillaah, the One who made the Qur’aan easy for remembrance, had made it easy for Umm Saalih age 82. In an interview with Umm Saalih, she was asked the following questions:

Q1: “What was the reason that drove you to memorize the Qur’aan after so many years?”

She said, “I always hoped to memorize the Qur’aan from the time I was young. My father always used to invoke Allaah for me to become one of the memorizers of the Qur’aan, like himself and like the elder brothers of my family who memorized it. So I memorized in the beginning about three parts and then after I completed the age of thirteen, I got married and became busy with the household and the children. After I had seven children, my husband died. They (the children) were all young so I took the time to raise them and educate them, and then after they grew up and got married, I had more time for myself. Therefore, the first thing I directed myself to focus upon was the Qur’aan.

Q2: “Tell us about your journey with the Noble Qur’aan.”

She said, “My younger daughter was going to high school and she was the closest of my children to me and the most beloved, because she stayed with me after her older sisters got married and got busy with their lives, and because she was a quiet girl, upright, loving, and good. In addition, she was interested in learning the Noble Qur’aan, and her teachers encouraged her.

Furthermore, she was very enthusiastic and always told me of many women who were driven by this great motivation to memorize the Qur’aan, and this is where I started.”

Q3: “Tell me about your way of memorization.”

She said, “We assigned ten verses (meaning her and her daughter who was going to high school). So each day after Asr, we used to sit together. She reads and I repeat after her three times. Then she explains the meaning to me, and after a while, she repeats that three times. On the next morning, she repeats them to me before she goes to school.

She recorded also the recitations of Ash Shaykh al Husary, Rahimuhullaah, repeating each verse three times and thus I continued to listen most of the time. Therefore, the next day we would go to the next ten verses if my memorization was good. Otherwise, we would postpone taking additional verses until the day after. Moreover, we assigned the day of Friday to review the memorizations of the entire week. And this was the journey from the beginning.”

Then she said, “Over four years and a half, I memorized twelve juz” according to the way I described to you. Then this young daughter got married. When her husband knew of our task concerning the memorization, he rented a house close to me, close to my house, so that he could allow the continuation of the memorization. In addition, he, May Allah reward him used to encourage us and sometimes sit with us listening, explaining and teaching.

Then after three years of her marriage, my daughter got busy with the children and the household and our schedule was interrupted, but that did not make her give up. To the contrary, she sensed that my eagerness for the memorization was still established so she looked for a special good teacher to continue the journey under her supervision. So, I completed the memorization by the success of Allaah and my daughter is still working to finish the memorization of the Glorious Qur’aan. She has a little left, In Shaa Allaah Ta’aala.

Q4: “This motivation of yours, did it have an effect on other women around you?”

She said, “It really had a good strong effect. My daughters and stepdaughters were all encouraged and worked on learning and teaching the Qur’aan to their children and learning it themselves.

Q5: “After finishing the Noble Qur’aan, don’t you think about working on memorizing hadith?”

She said, “Now I have memorized ninety hadith and In Shaa Allaah I will continue the journey. I depend, in my memorization, upon the tapes and upon the Qur’aan radio station. At the end of each week, my daughter comes and checks for me the memorization of three hadith, and I am trying now to memorize more.

Q6: “Over this period of memorization of the Qur’aan, did your life change? Was it affected in one way or another?”

She said, “Yes, I went through a major change and I tried always, all praise is due to Allaah, to obey Allaah before I started the memorization. However, after I started the task of memorization, I began to feel a self-comfort, a great self-comfort and all worries began to move away from me. I even reached the stage of freeing myself from all these excessive worries concerning fearing for the children and their affairs, and my morale was boosted.

I had a noble objective to work for and this is a great Ni’mah (Favor) from Allaah . upon me, since we know that some women, when they get old and they do not have a husband, and their children got married, may be destroyed by the empty time, thoughts, worries, and so forth. But, AlHamdulillaah, I didn’t go through this and I made myself busy with a great task and a great objective.

Q7: “Didn’t you think at one point, to join one of the circles focusing on teaching the Noble Qur’aan?”

The answer was, “Yes, some of the women suggested this to me, but I am a woman who got used to staying at home, and I don’t like to go out everyday, and Al Hamdulillaah, my daughter sufficed me from all difficulty and I was so happy while I was learning from her. My daughter had set an example in goodness and righteousness which we rarely find in our days.

She started this task and journey with me while she was an adolescent and this is a critical age many people complain of. She used to pressure herself so that she could have spare time to teach me, and she used to teach me with kindness and wisdom. Her husband was a good help to her and he exerted a lot of effort. I ask Allaah . to give them success and to bring their children up on uprightness.”

Q8: “What do you say to a woman of your age who wishes to learn and memorize the Qur’aan yet she is worried about it and feeling unable to?”

She said, “I say to her there their shall be no despair with the firm, sincere and truthful determination. Begin with sincerity, firm determination and dependence on Allaah at each time. And remember that at this age you should have the time for yourself. However, do not use your time to only go out or to sleep and so forth. Rather, busy yourself with righteous work.

Q9: “Now what would you say to a woman who is still young? What would you advise her?”

She, may Allaah preserve her, said: “Preserve Allaah and He will preserve you. Make use of the favor of Allaah bestowed upon you from health and ways and means of comfort. Use that to memorize the Book of Allaah. This is the light which enlivens your heart, your life and your grave after you die.

And if you have a mother then exert the effort to teach her, and there is no better favor upon a mother than one of her righteous children aiding her to be close to Allaah.”

Presented on the 1st of Muharram 1426, Feb 10th 2005. Originally published in Ad-Da’wah Magazine, no.1552, 17th of Rabee’ Al-Awwal 1417,corresponding to Aug 1, 1996.

Excellent Story "Camel Given In Charity" as told by Dr Saleh As-Saleh

This is a real story happened.

Don’t miss to readI would like to share this short Story with you which was narrated to us by Dr. Saleh as-Saleh (May Allah Have Mercy upon him) in his room Understanding- islam1.

You can listen to the audio The Camel Given In Charity

The Sheikh began:

“Do you want hear this real story which took place here about a hundred years ago. (In Saudi) Tayib. This is real! This is real!”

He continued:

“Bismilaahi Rahmaani Raheem. This story took place here about hundred years ago and it was also broadcasted on the radio stations. It is about a man call Ibn Jad’aan. He (Ibn Jad’aan) said how during Spring

times he used to go out. He would see good and healthy fat camels and their udders filled to the extent of almost exploding. Whenever the little offspring (i.e. the calf) came close to the mother camel, her milk would pour forth because of the great abundance of blessings and abundance of goodness.

So I (Ibn Jad’aan) looked at one of my she camels with her calf and I remembered my poor neighbour who had seven young daughters. So I said to myself, by Allah I will give this camel and her calf as Sadaqah (charity) to my neighbour – and he recited the Ayah where Allah said in (Surah Al-imraan: 92):

“By no means Shall you Attain piety righteousness unless you spend in Allah’s cause of which that you love”

And the most beloved from amongst my cattle, to me, is this she-camel. So I took her along with her calf and knocked on the door of my neighbour. I told him to accept it as a gift from me. I saw his face glooming with happiness and he was unable to utter anything in response.

So he benefitted from its milk and used to load wood on its back, awaiting for its offspring to grow up in order to sell them. Subsequently, he gained great good from this camel.

After the spring had passed, the dry summer came with its drought, and so the Bedouins began looking for water and grass. We gathered our belongings and left our places looking for water and the duhool (plural of duhul) or ‘holes’ in the earth, situated underground leading to water traps underneath the ground. Their openings are on top of the ground, as the Bedouins know of very well.

I (i.e. Ibn Jad’aan) entered into one of these holes so as to bring some water to drink…

Dr Saleh continued: “and his (Ibn Jad’aan’s) three sons were waiting for him outside the hole. However he did not return. His three sons waited for him for one, two and three days and finally became hopeless.

They said maybe he was stung by a snake and died or he was lost under the earth and destroyed. They (and we seek refuge in Allah from this) waited for his destruction. Why? Due to greed in order to distribute his inheritance.

So they returned home and divided what he had left, amongst themselves. Then they remembered that their father (Ibn Jad’aan) gave a she-camel to their poor neighbour. They went to their neighbour and told him that it is better that he give them back the she-camel and take another camel in replace of it, otherwise they will take it by force and he will be left with nothing.

The neighbour complained that he would report them to their father. So they informed him that he had died. He inquired as to how and where Ibn Jad’aan had died, and why they hadn’t told him. They then explained how he entered into one of these holes underground in the desert and did not come out.

The neighbour said: ” By Allah take me to this place and take your she-camel and do whatever you do with it and I don’t want your camel in return!”

They took him and when he saw the place, he went and brought a rope, lit a candle, tied it outside the duhul (the hole) and then stepped into it crawling on his back until he reached the places whereby he could crawl and roll. Eventually the smell of moisture became closer and then all of sudden he heard the sound of a man by the water groaning and moaning.

He went closer and closer towards this sound in the darkness putting his hand out all over until his hand fell onto the man (Ibn Jad’aan). He checked his breath and he was still breathing after one week! He pulled him out covering his eyes so as to protect him from the sunlight. He took with him some dates, moistened them in water and gave it to him to drink.

He then carried him on his back and took him to his house and life gradually return to this man whilst his sons didn’t know. He then asked him: “Tell me, by Allah, one week while you were underground and you didn’t die?!”

“I will tell you something strange…” Ibn Jidaan explained: “…when I went down there I got lost and waves took me from all directions and I said to myself I’d better stay close to this water that I have reached. So I started to drink from it, but hunger had no mercy and water does not suffice. Then after three days hunger intensified on me and took me from all parts. While I was lying on my back I surrendered myself to Allah and put all my affairs in his hands and all of the sudden I felt the warmth of milk pouring onto my mouth. So I sat in the midst of the darkness and I saw a pot coming closer to my mouth. I drank from it until I took from what is sufficient and then it would go! This occurred three times in the day but the last two days it stopped and I didn’t know what happened.”

His neighbour then informed him:

“If you know the reason you will be amazed! Your sons thought you had died and they came to me and took away the she-camel which Allah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’Aala) was giving you from its milk!”

The Muslim is in the shade of his Sadaqah (Charity). Allah stated in (Surah At-Talaaq: 2,3): “…and whoever fears Allah and keeps his duty to him, he will make a way for him to get out (from every difficult)” and “…and he will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And who every puts his trust in Allah, then he will suffice him”.

By: Dr. Saleh as-Saleh May Allah have Mercy upon him. Ameen.

Story of the Pearl Necklace – by Dr. Saleh As-Saleh

The story you can listen [mp3] Story of the Pearl Necklace as read by Dr. Saleh As-Saleh

This story is recorded in the book “Gems and Jewels” published by Dar-us-salam

Qazi Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Abdul Baqi Ansari is an illustrious personality of Islamic History. He was the most pious person of his time. Even after the lapse of nine centuries, his exemplary life is a source of guidance to Muslims. His biographers tell a number of tales of his honesty and reliability but the one that affected his whole life is full of strange and unique events. He has narrated this story in his own words and it adorns the pages of history books.

“In the middle of the 5th century Hijri, I was a student of the Holy Quran and Hadith in Makkah. During that period, I once became jobless and my means of income came to an end. I managed, somehow, to subsist for a few days but soon it became hard to obtain even two square meals. My studies were discontinued and I had to sell a few of my books to support myself. I was at the edge of starvation but my feelings of self-respect did not allow me to borrow or beg from anybody.

One day, I was hungry, as usual. I went to the Holy Ka’bah to pray to Almighty Allah to save me from my sad plight. On my way back, I saw a velvet cloth pouch lying near the road edge. I picked it up. It was nicely sewn and neatly tied with a silk cord. I looked around to find its owner but the road was deserted and nobody was in sight. I carried the pouch to my house.

I was curious to know the contents of the small bag. As I untied the cord, a very precious necklace of pearls slipped into my hand. The luster of the spotless pearls almost lit my room. The pearls of different sizes were nicely put together in a string of crimson colored silk. It was a radiant beauty and I was thrilled to hold the valuable ornament. For a moment, I altogether forgot the hungry and pitiable state in which I was. My thoughts went to the unfortunate owner who had lost the precious jewelry. He must be unhappy and very worried due to his great loss. The course of action which I instantly decided on was to look for the owner and give him back his necklace to relieve him of this mental suffering. It never came to my mind to keep it wrongfully in my possession. So I set out to search for him. Leaving the bag behind, I went straight to the place were it was found.

A group of excited men were standing there and were busy in anxious conversation. I went close to them. Their topic of discussion was the missing pouch of pearls. An old man whose nobility and magnanimity was evident from his imposing personality, was standing amidst them. He was explaining the loss of his pearls to the attentive audience and was announcing a reward of five hundred gold coins to the person who could help him in recovering the lost necklace.

I listened to his account of the loss very carefully. When I was sure of his ownership, I held his hand gently and requested him to come along with me. He looked at me very hopefully and without asking any questions, he followed me. On the way back to my house, I was delightfully thinking that a handsome amount of five hundred dinars would be mind after a short while. The very thought of getting a reward of that much money was very pleasing. I was wondering whether my miseries would be over. I would no longer be a hungry or poor person. With such happy ideas in my mind, I entered my house and also invited the old man to come in.

When we sat down, I asked my perplexed guest about some marks of identification of his lost bad, so that his ownership could be established beyond doubt. He readily explained the shape and color of the pouch. He told me about its contents and gave an exact count of the pearls. He even described the tying cord. It convincingly proved that he was the rightful owner of the bad and the necklace of pearls. I silently rose and brought out the necklace pouch. As he saw it, his gloomy expression at once changed. His shining eyes beamed with joy and he looked at me with sincere gratefulness. His pleasant glance of thanks impressed me, and my own mode of thinking suddenly changed.

A little earlier, I was enjoying the idea of getting a good reward but now my mind was reasoning as to what I had actually done to deserve it. It was by sheer chance that the bag had came into my possession. I had exerted no efforts to obtain it. Therefore, why did I expect to get a reward for returning it to its rightful owner? But I was actually in dire need of money. My poverty and the grim realities of life were looking me in the face. Why shouldn’t I accept the reward? It was absolutely legitimate and surely there was no harm in taking it. A painful conflict of indecision was going on within me and I was in an uneasy state of double mindedness.
The noble old man was looking at the necklace again and again as to assure himself of its recovery. He then looked at me and said, “O dear me, you are a virtuous person and I thank you from the core of my heart. I am unable to express fully my feelings o fgratittude for your act of praiseworthy conduct. Nevertheless, I offer you a purse of five hundred dinars as a humble present and request you to kindly accept it.”

He then placed in front of me a purse full of gold coins. A conflicting struggle of ideas was still going on in my mind. The sight of money which was within my easy reach was very tempting but I checked myself and said, “Sir, I thank you for offering me a substantial amount as a reward but it is impossible for me to accept it.”

“Why not?” asked my noble guest, “You justly deserve the reward because I am giving it entirely of my own free will. I gladly give it to you as a humble token of my gratitude. Please do not dishearten me by refusing it.” I replied, “Sir, I cannot even think of being rude to decline your kind offer, but iti is certainly improper for me to take it without doing anything to earn it. The necklace is yours and I happened to find it only by chance. Its restoration to you does not entitle me to take anything in return. Please do not insist on me to accept what is not morally due to me.”

He was rather surprised by my firm refusal. Normally people yearn for money but I was adamantly declining it. He said, “My son! It is a virtue to be an honest person but the money is which is being offered to you is not disallowed by our faith. It is not prohibited to offer or accept such presents. Therefore, I request you to reconsider your unrealistic stand and keep that purse for the sake of my pleasure if not for anything else.”

I said, “Sir, I do not at all intend to displease you, but the pleasure of Almighty Allah is more important to be reckoned with than your or my pleasure. If there is any good in my action, I will prefer to leave the matter to His Grace for compensation, which I do not wan tot risk for all the riches of this world. Kindly do not insist because I am determined not to accept any undue reward.” My guest collected his pouch and purse and stood much dejectedly to leave. He patted me on the back and left without a word.

After a week or so, I got back my previous job. My days of deprivation and hunger were over. I rejoined my classes and forgot all about the incident I my busy schedule of daily routine. I exerted all of my energy to acquire knowledge of the Holy Qur’an and Hadith. My main subject of interest was Islamic Jurisprudence. I completed my studies with a distinction.

On the recommendation of my tutor, I was offered an appointment as Qazi of Qurtaba, (Cordova) the capital city of Haspaniyah (presently known as Spain). I readily accepted the post and started to prepare myself very happily for the long journey. I took leave of my colleagues and went to the port of Jeddah to embark on the ship for my destination. I boarded a merchant ship to carry me to the land of my future hopes.

For the first few days, the voyage was smooth and very enjoyable. Then suddenly a violent storm of severe intensity overtook us and the ship was engulfed by stormy waves. The mountain high waves tossed the ship around like a tiny toy. The masts were broken and the sails torn. A mighty wave crushed the ship and wrecked it completely. A few screams were heard and it was all over. I saw some floating boards and a few victims of the crash swimming around trying to save their lives. They were the only survivors of the hapless ship who were drifting over the ocean surface. When I recovered from the shock, I found myself clinging to a plan and moving with it at the mercy of the waves.

After drifting for two days, in a semi-conscious state, the waves tossed me upon the shore. I thanked Almighty Allah for saving me from the jaws of death. I was so weak that I couldn’t move. I helplessly lay there exposed to the scorching heat of the burning rays of the sun. I crawled to the dim shadows of a thorny bush. I lost track of time and was in a state between dizziness and heavy slumber.

After some time, I slightly opened my eyes and saw a few strange faces staring at me. They poured a few drops of water into my mouth and I came out of my oblivion but was still unable to speak. They made up a stretcher and carried me to a nearby town. When we approached near it, the first man-made thing which caught my eye was a towering minaret of a Masjid. I thanked Allah for being among my own brethren of faith.

They took me to a house belonging to one of them and laid me on a comfortable bed. With proper care, feeding, and treatment, I soon regained my lost energy. I told my kind host all about myself and the mishap of the ship wreck. My host, whose name was Faleh Hasan, informed me that I was in Hodeida, a coastal town of Yemen. The tract where I was luckily found was a desolate region and was a less treaded part of the coast. Faleh Hasan and his friends noticed a few vultures circling over the area, so they went to investigate and found me there in an unconscious state. He introduced me to his friends and I expressed my heartful thanks for saving my life. Due to their loving concern, I was soon normal, both mentally and physically.

I began to attend Masjid to offer my regular prayers and there I came to know many persons of nobility and of high-ranking positions. They all knew my unhappy episode through my host and treated me with understanding and respect. One of them was the aged and pious Sheikh Ahmad bin Suhail who usually led the prayers. He always greeted me with fatherly affection which touched me to the heart.

One day, he was a little late to arrive to the Masjid, so the people requested me to lead the prayers. My hesitation and excuses proved to be useless before their sincere appeals. That day I performed the duties of Imam. I did my best to recite clearly the Verses of the Holy Qur’an during the prayer and afterwards delivered a brief sermon on Islamic Law. Everyone seemed to be highly impressed. Sheikh Ahmad bin Suhail came forward and congratulated me on my excellent performance. I thanked him for his appreciation and encouragement. I came back to the house of my host filled with delight and self-confidence.

But later, I had sometimes thought that I had overstayed my welcome. So after the evening prayers, I stated my intention of leaving, but my host disagreed with me. He wanted me to stay for a few more days to recoup my health fully. At night, when I was going to bed, Sheikh Ahmad bin Suhail came with a few respectable people of the town. The friends of Faleh Hasan, who were my saviors, were also with them. When the preliminary formalities of greeting each other were over and all were comfortably seated, Sheikh Ahmad turned his eyes towards me and said, “Dear Abu Bakr, I have been honored by these gentlemen to speak to you, on behalf of them, about their commendable wish. I expect, you will please assent to it.”

I was perplexed by that kind of address. So I said nervously, “Sir, you are very helpful and kind to me. I cannot disregard any of your commands or wishes. You can order me to do anything and it will be an honor for me to obey it.”

He said, “Dear son, we all earnestly desire you to stay here with us forever. The regular Imam of our Masjid had died last year. We still mourn his death and perhaps will do so forever. His respect is deeply rooted in our hearts. He had enlightened our lives with the torch of knowledge. We wish you to take his place and consent to be our Imam. We may not be able to offer you a better paid position than that of the Qazi in Qurtaba, but we will surely give you our love, affection, and respect.”

“But Sir,” I protested, “I am a fresh, inexperienced student and feel small to carry out the sacred duties of the high office of Imam.” The Sheikh said, “My son, do not underestimate yourself. We all have heard your recitiation and sermon, and are fully convinced of your ability to fulfill those responsibilities.”

Before I could think of any evasive answer, my host, Faleh Hasan, and his friends vehemently backed up the proposal. I was left with no other alternative but to nod in affirmative. Everybody was pleased with my decision, especially Sheikh Ahmad who thanked me and kissed my forehead. They all rose to leave and thanking me individually, departed very happy.

They left me thinking how the secret hands of fate change the course of destiny in a secret manner. Circumstances secretly take such a turn that they altogether change the plans made up by man. I had cherished the hope of being a Qazi of Qurtaba and had taken steps to attain that goal, but preordained events made me an Imam of the Masjid in Hodeida.

So a new phase in my life began. I took charge of the imposed position and shifted to the assigned house of the Imam. I restarted the primary school that had closed due to the sad demise of the former Imam. I also commenced evening classes to impart lessons to explain the meaning of the Holy Qur’an.

I completely adjusted myself to the new environment and people generally accepted me as their religious leader. I was very contented and never for a moment regretted my decision to settle there. All the people, young and old alike, were happy and respected me. The feelings of any estrangement all faded away and I became as if I was one of them for ages.

One day, Sheikh Ahmad came to me and after enquiring about my welfare, said, “Dear Abu Bakr, your services to or townsmen are praiseworthy and beyond our expectations. I am glad that you had accepted our offer of staying with us. Now have come to you to ask one more favor.”

I said, “Sir, I am at your service. Please tell me and I will comply with your order.”

He said, “Dear son, a man is not perfect without his partner of life. I want you to marry and take full advantage of life. Marriage is also a sacred Sunna of our Holy Prophet. The sweet marital responsibilities are a real blessing which have been conferred onto man.”

I replied, “Sir, you have always advised me in my best interest. I take you as a father to me and in this matter also, I will follow you counsel.”

The Sheikh said, “Your predecessor, the late Imam of this Masjid was a very close friend of mine. He had a daughter, and when he was sure of his end, he entrusted her to my protection and care. Since then she has been under my guardianship. She is a lovely and adorable girl of good manners. Allah has endowed her with physical and mental beauty. She is virtuous and is a suitable match for you. I wish to give her in marriage to you and I feel sure that it will be a marriage of true minds.”

I had no objection to the proposal whatsoever. A few days later, the bonds of marriage united us. After the festive ceremonies were over, Sheikh Ahmad escorted her to my house that was in fact her old abode where she had lived with her late father. I looked at her and my gaze was concentrated steadily on her. I forgot to even say welcome to her. I was not only looking at her beautiful and charming face, and at her downcast eyes; but my glance was riveted upon her pretty neck, which was ornamented by precious pearls. I at once recognized that necklace. It was the same necklace that I once found on a deserted road of Makkah. I looked at her in silent and open-mouthed wonder.

Sheikh Ahmad noticed my confused condition and thought that her beauty and the luster of the pearls had enchanted me. He politely said, “Dear Abu Bakr, that necklace and its wearer, both are yours now and you can take all your time to behold them. It may, perhaps, interest you to know that the necklace has a strange story of its own. Five years ago, my friend went to Makkah for pilgrimage and took that necklace with him to get it re-polished. There, he lost it. But due to the goodness of an honest young man, he recovered it intact. That commendable young man refused to sell his honesty and declined the pressing offer of a handsome reward. He left a lasting impression upon my friend who always remembered and talked about him. He once confided to me that he had a mind to go to Makkah again and ask that virtuous young man to accept the hand of his daughter, but time did not allow him to do so. Anyhow, it was destined differently. His daughter was to become your wife instead of his. The decreed decisions of fate are strange and beyond the understanding of man.”

An emotional storm erupted within me. The strange happenings of the fateful events which were unfolded by the hidden hands of destiny agitated me and drops of tears rolled down my cheeks; I looked towards Sheikh Ahmad through misty eyes and said, “Dear Sir, you are very right to say that insight into the unknown mysteries of fate is not possible. It would perhaps be a pleasant surprise to know that I am the same person who found the necklace and restored it to your friend. He, in return, offered me an amount of five hundred dinars. Although I was a pauper and was suffering from the agonies of hunger in those days, my conscience did not allow me to accept anything that was not my due. I pinned all my hopes and expectations of Almighty Allah for any reward. And here I am with His gracious and greatest reward of all.”

Sheikh Ahmad was amazed and without saying a word, he held my hand and shook it was a passion. My newly wedded wife lifted her eyes and looked me full in the face. Her eyes were filled with enthusiastic love that any husband ever could desire for. Almighty Allah had bestowed upon me His favors by giving me a considerate and loving wife and nothing in life surpasses that bliss.”

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