Is it permissible for the one who misses the ‘Eid prayer to make it up? And if so how is it to be made up?
The Permanent Committee for Scientific Research and Fatwa of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia headed by Ibn Baaz as stated in ‘Al-Fataawa’, vol. 8, pg. 306-307, nos. 2328 and 4517:
“The individual who misses the ‘Eid prayer and wants to make it up, then it is recommended for him to do so and he is to pray it according to its normal manner without being followed by a khutbah and this is what was stated by Maalik, ash-Shaafi’ee, Ahmad, an-Nakha’ee and other scholars.
The foundation for this is the statement of the Prophet صلّى اﻟﻠﻪَُّ عليه وسلّم :
‘If you come to the prayer, then approach it with tranquility and composure. Whatever you have caught from the prayer, then pray it and what has preceded you, then complete it.’
Also, what was narrated about Anas رضي اﻟﻠﻪّ عنه that:
‘If he missed the ‘Eid prayer with the Imaam, he would gather his family and servants, then ‘Abdullah Ibn Abi ‘Utbah, his servant, would lead them in prayer of two rak’ahs which he would make the takbeer in.’
And regarding the individual who arrives at the ‘Eid prayer while the Imaam is giving the khutbah, he is to listen to the khutbah then make up the prayer after. This is so that he gets the benefit of both (listening to the khutbah and making up the prayer as opposed to making up the prayer first and missing the khutbah).”
The Permanent Committee also stated:
“Whoever reaches the prayer and catches only the tashahhud with the Imaam of the two ‘Eid prayers, then he is to pray two rak’ahs after the Imaam gives the salaam and he does exactly what the Imaam does regarding the takbeer, recitation, rukoo’ and sujood.”
Source: The Legislative Rulings For ‘Eid-ul-Fitr – Shaykh ‘AbdulQaadir al-Junayd [e-Book], Translated by Abu Afnaan Muhammad ‘Abdullah, mpubs.org publication