Purifying The Soul (Tazkiat An-Nafs) – Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee [Audio|En]

Here is a very beneficial talk from Sheikh AbdurRazaaq AlBadr Al’Abaad hafidhahu Allah on how to purify the soul: tazkiyatou annafs. the sheikh after showing the importance of this matter by explaning the 10 first verses of surah ashams, he gave 10 rules by which the muslim can purify his soul. Here is the link for the arabic audio AND its transcription into a word document:
http://www.al-badr.net/web/index.php…y&category=221

This was based on a lecture given by our noble sheikh Abdur-Razzaaq ibn Abdil-Muhsin al-Abbaad al-Badr, hafidhahumullah.

Principles:

  • 1. Purification is in Allah’s Hands
  • 2. Therefore ask Allah for it by supplicating to Him
  • 3. The Quran is the Book which leads to Purification of the Soul
  • 4. No one can be purified except by following the example of our Messenger, sallallahu alaihi wasallam
  • 5. At-tazkiyyatu takhliyyah wa tahliyyah.
  • …..

Listen / Download mp3 :

Part 01 Intro, Principle #1 and #2

Part 02 Principle #3

Part 03

091 – Soorah ash-Shams – (The Sun) – [Makkee]
In the Name of Allâh, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

  1. By the sun and its brightness.
  2. By the moon as it follows it (the sun).
  3. By the day as it shows up (the sun’s) brightness.
  4. By the night as it conceals it (the sun).
  5. By the heaven and Him Who built it.
  6. By the earth and Him Who spread it.
  7. By Nafs (Adam or a person or a soul), and Him Who perfected him in proportion;
  8. Then He showed him what is wrong for him and what is right for him.
  9. Indeed he succeeds who purifies his own self (i.e. obeys and performs all that Allâh ordered, by following the true Faith of Islâmic Monotheism and by doing righteous good deeds).
  10. And indeed he fails who corrupts his own self (i.e. disobeys what Allâh has ordered, by rejecting the true Faith of Islâmic Monotheism or by following polytheism, or by doing every kind of evil wicked deeds).

Du’aas referenced in the audio for Purifying the Soul:

Allahumma, ‘aati nafsi taqwaaha, wa zakkihaa Anta khairu man zakkaahaa, Anta waliyyuhaa wa maulaaha
O Allah, grant my soul its piety and purify it, for You are the best to purify it. You are its protector and guardian”     (Muslim)

http://followthesalaf.com

الفَتَّاح Al-Fattaah (The Judge, The Opener): One of the Names of Allah

الفَتَّاح Al-Fattaah, with a faa and a taa with a shaddah on it and a alif and a haa, (the Judge and Opener Who distinguishes the truth from falsehood), the Judge Who judges between His servants with the truth and with justice, with His legislation and with His decree and Who is never unjust and the One Who opens the gates of mercy and provision and whatever is closed to His servants and Who opens the eyes and hearts of His servants for them to see the truth and the One Who aids and grants victory to His believing servants and Who distinguishes the truth from falsehood.

[SourceThe Ninety-Nine Names of Allaah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En] & Transcribed PDF]


الفَتَّاح
“Al-Fattaah – (the Judge/the Granter of blessings)”

Shaykh ‘Abd ur-Razzaaq al-Badr (hafidhahullaah) comments:

Shaykh ‘Abd ur-Rahmaan bin Sa’dee, rahimahullaah, said: ‘Al-Fattaah has two meanings.

The first meaning is: the One who judges between His slaves, and judges between them with His legislation and by rewarding those who obey (Him) and punishing those who disobey (Him) in the dunyaa and aakhira, as His, ta’aala, statement: {Say: ‘Our Lord will assemble us all together (on the Day of Resurrection), then He will judge between us in truth. And He is the Just Judge, the All-Knower of the true state of affairs’}, and His, ta’aala, statement: {‘Our Lord! Judge between us and our people in truth, for You are the Best of those who give judgment}.

The second meaning is: the One who opens all doors of blessings for His slaves. He, ta’aala, said: {Whatever Allaah grants to people of mercy – none can withhold it}. He grants benefits of the dunyaa and deen to His slaves, and opens the locks upon hearts for those whom He has favored with His Kindness and Care, and showers (the hearts) with knowledge and understanding from Him and realities of faith that rectifiy their conditions and by which they remain upon the Straight Path; and what’s more special is that He grants those who love Him and turn to Him knowledge from Him, spiritual conditions, shining lights and true understanding. And likewise He opens for His slaves the doors of rizq (provision) and the paths of the means, and paves the way for provisions and the means to (these provisions) for the muttaqoon (those who fear Him) from where they can’t imagine, and gives the mutawakkiloon (those who put their trust in Him) beyond what they ask and hope for, and makes easy for them affairs that are difficult, and opens for them doors that are closed.”

Source: Fiqh ul-Asmaa il-Husnaa; Chapter 30, p. 123
Asaheeha Translations 

Related Link: https://abdurrahman.org/asma-wa-sifaat-com/

Allaah is Al-Qadeer, Al-Qaadir, Al-Muqtadir (The All-Powerful) – Shaykh ‘Abd ur-Razzaaq al-Badr

Source: Fiqh ul-Asmaa il-Husnaa; Chapter 55, p. 217-220

“Al-Qadeer, al-Qaadir, al-Muqtadir – (the All-Powerful)”

Shaykh ‘Abd ur-Razzaaq al-Badr (hafidhahullaah) comments:

“All of these Names are mentioned in the Qur’aan, and the most-mentioned one is al-Qadeer, then al-Qaadir, then al-Muqtadir. And all of them demonstrate that Power is established as an Attribute of Allaah, and that He, subhaanah, has Absolute Power; so by His Power He brought the creation into being, and by His Power He gives life and gives death, and will resurrect the slaves for recompense, and He will reward the one who did good for his doing good, and the one who did evil for his doing evil, the One who if He wills something, He says to it: Be – and it is; and by His Power He turns the hearts to whatever He wills, and He guides whoever He wills and leads astray whoever He wills.

And due to His Absolute Power, no one can compass any of His Knowledge except what He wills to teach him, and due to His Absolute Power, He created the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them in six days and no fatigue touched Him; and no one from His creation can make Him incapable, the One whose Power is free from fatigue and inability to do what He wants; and due to His Absolute Power, everything is under His disposal, so whatever He wills will be and whatever He doesn’t will will never be.

And indeed for having eemaan (faith) in the Power of Allaah, ‘azza wa jal – which His Names ‘Al-Qadeer, Al-Qaadir, Al-Muqtadir’ demonstrate – there are great effects and blessed fruits that return to the slave in his worldly life and hereafter. Hence, part of its blessed fruits is that it strengthens – in the slave – seeking the help of Allaah; and part of its effects is having complete patience and being well-pleased with Allaah. Ibn ul-Qayyim, rahimahullaah, said: ‘Whoever fills his heart with ridhaa (being pleased) with the Qadr (Decree), Allaah will fill his chest with contentment and He will free his heart for loving Him, turning to Him in repentance and putting his trust in Him; and whoever misses his portion of ridhaa, his heart will be filled with the opposite of that, and he will be distracted from what his happiness and success are in.’

And part of its effects is a person’s safety from the diseases of the hearts such as rancor, envy and the like, because of his belief that all the affairs are by the decree of Allaah, ‘azza wa jal, and that He, subhaanah, is the One who gives His slaves and decrees their provisions for them. So He gives whoever He wills and prevents whoever He wills, as the grace is His Grace, subhaanah, and the gift is His Gift, and this is why it is said about the envious one that he is the enemy of Allaah’s blessing upon His slaves. And part of its effects is always asking Allaah and making a lot of du’aa to Him, because all the affairs are in His Hand.”

~ asaheeha translations

القَادِر Al-Qaadir     The Fully Able One
القَدِير Al-Qadeer     The All Powerful
المُقْتَدِر Al-Muqtadir     The Omnipotent

 

المُجِيب Al-Mujeeb (The One Who Responds) : One of the Names of Allaah

المُجِيب  Al-Mujeeb (the Responsive), the One who responds to supplications of those who call upon him wherever they are and whatever situation they are in, no matter how many they are in number and who responds in particular to those who submit to him and those in dire need.

[SourceThe Ninety-Nine Names of Allaah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En] & Transcribed PDF]

Shaykh ‘Abd ur-Razzaaq al-Badr (hafidhahullaah) comments:

“And indeed as a result of having faith in the name of Allaah ‘Al-Mujeeb,’ the slave’s certainty in Allaah strengthens, and his turning to Him and hoping for what is with Him increases, and the disease of despairing from His Mercy departs from him. And how can the Muslim not trust in his Lord, the Most Generous, while in His Hand, subhaanah, is the kingdom of everything. So whatever He wills, will be, at the time that He wills, in the way that He wills, with no addition nor omission, no precedence nor delay; and His decree, subhaanah, is carried out in the heavens, and the earth and what is upon it and what is under it, and in the seas and the air, and in all the parts and atoms of the world. To Him belongs the creation and the command, to Him belongs the kingdom and the praise, to Him belongs the dunyaa and the aakhira.”

And His Name, ta’aala, ‘Al-Mujeeb’ shows that He, subhaanah, hears the du’aa of those who supplicate, and answers the request of those who ask, and does not disappoint a believer who has called upon Him, and He, subhaanah, loves that the slaves ask Him for all their needs of the deen and dunyaa, such as food, drink, clothing and shelter, just as they ask Him for guidance, forgiveness, success, assistance to obey (Him), and the like; and He promised them the response to all of that, no matter how great the request is, how much it is, and how diverse the wishes are; and in this, there is evidence of the absolute power of Allaah, subhaanah, and that His treasures will are not depleted nor diminished by (His) giving, even if He granted the first and the last of the jinn and mankind all that they asked Him, as is in the hadeeth qudsee.

And it has been mentioned in the Prophetic Sunnah that Allaah, tabaarak wa ta’aala, answers those who supplicate and gives those who ask, and that He, jalla wa ‘alaa, is Shy and Generous, too Generous to turn away the one who calls upon Him or disappoint the one who confides in Him with humility or prevent the one who asks Him.”

~
Source: Fiqh ul-Asmaa il-Husnaa; Chapter 63, p. 250, 251,253
asaheeha translations

Related Link: https://abdurrahman.org/asma-wa-sifaat-com/

The Status Of Knowledge Pertaining To The Names And Attributes Of Allah Sub’hanahu Wa Ta’ala

The Excellence of the Knowledge of ‘Asmaa of Allaah and His Sifaat

Taken from ‘Fiqh of al-‘Asmaa al-Husna’, By Shaykh AbdurRazaaq bin AbdulMuhsin al-Badr

Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Shamsuddeen Muhammad bin Abee Bakr Ibn Qayyim aj-Jawzeeyah (d.751) -Rahimullaahsaid:
‘Indeed the Da’wah of the Messengers revolves around three principles:

The first principle: Knowing your Lord, the One being called to by His Names, Sifaat and His Actions.

The second principle: Knowing the path which will lead to Him and that is His remembrance, being thankful to Him and His worship which is made up of complete love for Him and complete humility for Him.

The third principle: Knowing what they will receive after reaching Him from the blessings of being in the land of His Generosity (Paradise) of which the best and the most magnificent thing will be Allaah being pleased with them and His honouring them and them seeing His Face the most High, and Allaah’s Salaam upon them and Him talking to them.’

[Taken from ‘Fiqh of al-‘Asmaa al-Husna’ p.11]

Internet Source for the above:

The Excellence of the Knowledge of ‘Asmaa of Allaah and His Sifaat

The Status of Having Knowledge of ‘Asmaa Allaah and His Sifaat – Shaykh AbdurRazaaq al-Badr

Taken from ‘Fiqh of al-‘Asmaa al-Husna
By Shaykh AbdurRazaaq bin AbdulMuhsin al-Badr
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya
Shaykh AbdurRazaaq bin AbdulMuhsin al-Badr said:

‘There are many Ayaat which come in the Qur’aan with the command to learn this noble knowledge of Tawheed and to have a concern with this great principle.

Allaah said: << فَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ  >>

<< then know that Allaah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. >> [al-Baqarah: 209]

Allaah said: << وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ>>

<<and know that Allaah is All-Aware of everything.>> [al-Baqarah: 231]

Allaah said: << وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ>>

<< know that Allaah is All-Seer of what you do.>> [al-Baqarah: 233]

Allaah said: << وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ حَلِيمٌ>

<<And know that Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Forbearing.>> [al-Baqarah: 235]

Allaah said: << وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ>>

<< and know that Allaah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.>> [al-Baqarah: 244]

Allaah said: << وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ حَمِيدٌ >>

<< And know that Allaah is Rich (Free of all wants), and Worthy of all praise.>> [al-Baqarah: 267]

Allaah said: << اعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ >>

<<Know that Allaah is Severe in punishment and that Allaah is Oft­-Forgiving, Most Merciful.>> [al-Maidah: 98]

Allaah said: << فَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ مَوْلَاكُمْ نِعْمَ الْمَوْلَى وَنِعْمَ النَّصِيرُ >>

<<then know that Allaah is your Maulâ (Patron, Lord, Protector and Supporter, etc.), (what) an Excellent Maulâ, and (what) an Excellent Helper!>> [Anfal: 40]

Allaah said: << وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَ الْمُتَّقِينَ >>

<<and know that Allaah is with Al-Muttaqeen.>> [al-Baqarah: 194]

Allaah said: << وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ فَاحْذَرُوهُ >>

<<And know that Allaah knows what is in your minds, so fear Him. >> [al-Baqarah: 235]

Allaah said: << فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ  >>

<<So know that Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh (none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah)>> [Muhammad: 19]

There are nearly thirty Ayaat with these meanings.

As for the mention of Allaah, regarding His ‘Asmaa and His Sifaat in the Qur’aan then there are many. There cannot be a comparison of His mentioning about His ‘Asmaa and Sifaat with any other topic, since His ‘Asmaa and Sifaat are the greatest thing mentioned in the Qur’aan and the best thing and the most exalted.

Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah (d.728) -Rahimullaah- said:

‘The Qur’aan has more of a mention of the Names of Allaah and His Sifaat and His Actions, than the mention of food, drink and marriage in Paradise.

The Ayaat which include the mention of the Names of Allaah and His Sifaat are greater in amount than the Ayaat of the Day of Judgement.

That is why the greatest Ayaah in the Qur’aan is the Ayaat-ul-Kursi which consists of the Names and Sifaat of Allaah.  As is established in the authentic hadeeth which is narrated by Muslim from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam– that he said to Ubayy bin Ka’ab:

‘Do you know which Ayah in the Book of Allaah is the greatest?’

He answered: << اللَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ    >>

<<Allaah! Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living >> [al-Baqarah: 255]

The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- patted him on his chest with his hand and said: ‘Knowledge congratulates you Abu al-Mundhir.’

And the best Soorah is the Soorah Umm al-Qur’aan (Al-Faatihah), as is established in the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed bin al-Mu’ala in Bukhari. [This wording is by Imaam Ahmad in ‘Musnad’ with an authentic chain]

The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

In this Soorah there is a greater mention of the Names of Allaah and His Sifaat than the mention of the Last Day.

It is established in the Saheeh of Bukhari from the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- from more than one narration that Soorah Al-Ikhlaas << قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ  >> <<Say: ‘He is Allaah, (the) One. >>  is equivalent to a third of the Qur’aan, and it is established in the Saheeh of Bukhari that the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- gave good news to the one who used to read this Soorah when he said: Indeed I love this Soorah because it contains the Sifaat of ar-Rahman; so due to that Allaah loved this person.

So this hadeeth explains that Allaah loves the one who loves the remembrance of the Sifaat of Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala, and this matter is a detailed one.’

[Taken from ‘Fiqh of al-‘Asmaa al-Husna’ p.8-10]

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