Is the Sutrah (waajib) compulsory in Masjid al Haram or not? – Shaykh Al-Albaani

Advice for those about to perform Hajj

Fourthly. And be very careful not to walk directly in front of anyone praying in the Haraam mosque, not to speak of other mosques and prying places as the Prophet said:

“If the one walking between the hands of one praying knew what were upon him then it would be better for him to stand still for forty (…) than that he should walk between his hands.

[Maalik, al-Bukhaaree, Muslim, the 4 Sunan of Abu Juhaim].

And this is a general text covering everyone walking in front, and everyone praying – and there is no authentic Hadith to make any exception for the one doing so in the Haraam Masjid – and you should pray therein like any other place towards a sutrah – according to the general nature of the Hadith regarding that – and there are also some narrations from the Companions particularly about the Masjid-ul-Haraam – which I have mentioned in ‘The Original’.

SourceRites of Hajj and Umrah : Shaykh Al-Albaani

Sutrah in Salaat – by Dr. Saleh As-Saleh [Audio|En]

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Sutra – Bulugh Al Maraam – Umm ‘Abdillaah al-Waadi’eeyyah

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Notes from Bulughul Maraam – Umm ‘Abdillaah Al-Waadi’iyyah – BM-180 186 Sutra [PDF]

Prohibition of passing in front of a Worshipper while he is offeringSalat (Prayer)

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 343
Prohibition of passing in front of a Worshipper while he is offering Salat
(Prayer)

1758. Abul-Juhaim `Abdullah bin Al-Harith (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “If the person who passes in front of a praying person, realizes the enormity of the sinfulness of this act, it will have been better for him to wait forty than to pass in front of him.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

[The narrator was not sure whether the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said forty days, months or years.]

Sahih Bukhari : Book 9: Virtues of the Prayer Hall (Sutra of the Musalla)

Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 9:

Virtues of the Prayer Hall (Sutra ofthe Musalla)

Volume 1, Book 9, Number 472:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

Once I came riding a she-ass when I had just attained the age of puberty. Allah’s Apostle was offering the prayer at Mina with no wall in front of him and I passed in front of some of the row. There I dismounted and let my she-ass loose to graze and entered the row and nobody objected to me about it.


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 473:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Whenever Allah’s Apostle came out on ‘Id day, he used to order that a Harba (a short spear) to be planted in front of him (as a Sutra for his prayer) and then he used to pray facing it with the people behind him and used to do the same while on a journey. After the Prophet , this practice was adopted by the Muslim rulers (who followed his traditions).


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 474:

Narrated ‘Aun bin Abi Juhaifa:

I heard my father saying, “The Prophet led us, and prayed a two-Rak’at Zuhr prayer and then a two-Rak’at ‘Asr prayer at Al-Batha’ with an ‘Anza (planted) in front of him (as a Sutra) while women and donkeys were passing in front of him (beyond that ‘Anza).”


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 475:

Narrated Sahl (bin Sa’d):

The distance between the Musalla of Allah’s Apostle and the wall was just sufficient for a sheep to pass through .


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 476:

Narrated Salama:

The distance between the wall of the mosque and the pulpit was hardly enough for a sheep to pass through.


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 477:

Narrated ‘Abdullah:

The Prophet used to get a Harba planted in front of him (as a Sutra) and pray behind it.


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 478:

Narrated ‘Aun bin Abi Juhaifa:

that he had heard his father saying, “Allah’s Apostle came to us at mid-day and water was brought for his ablution. He performed ablution and led us in Zuhr and ‘Asr prayers with an ‘Anza planted in front of him (as a Sutra), while women and donkeys were passing beyond it.”


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 479:

Narrated Anas Ibn Malik:

Whenever the Prophet went for answering the call of nature, I and another boy used to go after him with a staff, a stick or an ‘Anza and a tumbler of water and when he finished from answering the call of nature we would hand that tumbler of water to him.


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 480:

Narrated Abu Juhaifa:

Allah’s Apostle came out at midday and offered a two-Rak’at Zuhr and ‘Asr prayers at Al-Batha and an ‘Anza was planted in front of him (as a Sutra). He performed ablution and the people took the remaining water left after his ablution and rubbed their bodies with it.


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 481:

Narrated Yazid bin Al ‘Ubaid:

I used to accompany Salama bin Al-Akwa’ and he used to pray behind the pillar which was near the place where the Quran’s were kept I said, “O Abu Muslim! I see you always seeking to pray behind this pillar.” He replied, “I saw Allah’s Apostle always seeking to pray near that pillar.”


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 482:

Narrated Anas:

I saw the most famous people amongst the companions of the Prophet hurrying towards the pillars at the Maghrib prayer before the Prophet came for the prayer.


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 483:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

The Prophet entered the Ka’ba along with Usama bin Zaid, ‘Uthman bin Talha and Bilal and remained there for a long time. When they came out, I was the first man to enter the Ka’ba. I asked Bilal “Where did the Prophet pray?” Bilal replied, “Between the two front Pillars.”


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 484:

Narrated Nafi’:

‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar said, “Allah’s Apostle entered the Ka’ba along with Usama bin Zaid, Bilal and ‘Uthman bin Talha Al-Hajabi and closed the door and stayed there for some time. I asked Bilal when he came out, ‘What did the Prophet do?’ He replied, ‘He offered prayer with one pillar to his left and one to his right and three behind.’ In those days the Ka’ba was supported by six pillars.” Malik said: “There were two pillars on his (the Prophet’s) right side.”


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 485:

Narrated Nafi:

“The Prophet used to make his she-camel sit across and he would pray facing it (as a Sutra).” I asked, “What would the Prophet do if the she-camel was provoked and moved?” He said, “He would take its camel-saddle and put it in front of him and pray facing its back part (as a Sutra). And Ibn ‘Umar used to do the same.” (This indicates that one should not pray except behind a Sutra).


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 486:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Do you make us (women) equal to dogs and donkeys? While I used to lie in my bed, the Prophet would come and pray facing the middle of the bed. I used to consider it not good to stand in front of him in his prayers. So I used to slip away slowly and quietly from the foot of the bed till I got out of my guilt.


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 487:

Narrated Abu Sa’id:

The Prophet said, (what is ascribed to him in the following Hadith 488):


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 488:

Narrated Abu Salih As-Samman:

I saw Abu Said Al-Khudri praying on a Friday, behind something which acted as a Sutra. A young man from Bani Abi Mu’ait, wanted to pass in front of him, but Abu Said repulsed him with a push on his chest. Finding no alternative he again tried to pass but Abu Said pushed him with a greater force. The young man abused Abu Said and went to Marwan and lodged a complaint against Abu Said and Abu Said followed the young man to Marwan who asked him, “O Abu Said! What has happened between you and the son of your brother?” Abu Sa’id said to him, “I heard the Prophet saying, ‘If anybody amongst you is praying behind something as a Sutra and somebody tries to pass in front of him, then he should repulse him and if he refuses, he should use force against him for he is a satan.’ ”


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 489:

Narrated Busr bin Said:

that Zaid bin Khalid sent him to Abi Juhaim to ask him what he had heard from Allah’s Apostle about a person passing in front of another person who was praying. Abu Juhaim replied, “Allah’s Apostle said, ‘If the person who passes in front of another person in prayer knew the magnitude of his sin he would prefer to wait for 40 (days, months or years) rather than to pass in front of him.” Abu An-Nadr said, “I do not remember exactly whether he said 40 days, months or years.”


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 490:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The things which annul the prayers were mentioned before me. They said, “Prayer is annulled by a dog, a donkey and a woman (if they pass in front of the praying people).” I said, “You have made us (i.e. women) dogs. I saw the Prophet praying while I used to lie in my bed between him and the Qibla. Whenever I was in need of something, I would slip away. for I disliked to face him.”


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 491:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet used to pray while I was sleeping across in his bed in front of him. Whenever he wanted to pray Witr, he would wake me up and I would pray Witr.


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 492:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

the wife of the Prophet, “I used to sleep in front of Allah’s Apostle with my legs opposite his Qibla (facing him); and whenever he prostrated, he pushed my feet and I withdrew them and whenever he stood, I stretched them.” ‘Aisha added, “In those days there were no lamps in the houses.”


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 493:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The things which annual prayer were mentioned before me (and those were): a dog, a donkey and a woman. I said, “You have compared us (women) to donkeys and dogs. By Allah! I saw the Prophet praying while I used to lie in (my) bed between him and the Qibla. Whenever I was in need of something, I disliked to sit and trouble the Prophet. So, I would slip away by the side of his feet.”


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 494:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

(the wife of the Prophet) Allah’s Apostle used to get up at night and pray while I used to lie across between him and the Qibla on his family’s bed.


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 495:

Narrated Abu Qatada Al-Ansari:

Allah’s Apostle was praying and he was carrying Umama the daughters of Zainab, the daughter of Allah’s Apostle and she was the daughter of ‘As bin Rabi’a bin ‘AbduShams. When he prostrated, he put her down and when he stood, he carried her (on his neck).


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 496:

Narrated Maimuna bint Al-Harith:

My bed was beside the praying place (Musalla) of the Prophet and sometimes his garment fell on me while I used to lie in my bed.


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 497:

Narrated Maimuna:

The Prophet used to pray while I used to sleep beside him during my periods (menses) and in prostrations his garment used to touch me.


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 498:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

It is not good that you people have made us (women) equal to dogs and donkeys. No doubt I saw Allah’s Apostle praying while I used to lie between him and the Qibla and when he wanted to prostrate, he pushed my legs and I withdrew them.


Volume 1, Book 9, Number 499:

Narrated ‘Amr bin Maimuin:

‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud said, “While Allah’s Apostle was praying beside the Ka’ba, there were some Quraish people sitting in a gathering. One of them said, ‘Don’t you see this (who does deeds just to show off)? Who amongst you can go and bring the dung, blood and the abdominal contents (intestines, etc). of the slaughtered camels of the family of so and so and then wait till he prostrates and put that in between his shoulders?’ The most unfortunate amongst them (‘Uqba bin Abi Mu’ait) went (and brought them) and when Allah’s Apostle prostrated, he put them between his shoulders. The Prophet remained in prostration and they laughed so much so that they fell on each other. A passerby went to Fatima, who was a young girl in those days. She came running and the Prophet was still in prostration. She removed them and cursed upon the Quraish on their faces. When Allah’s Apostle completed his prayer, he said, ‘O Allah! Take revenge on Quraish.’ He said so thrice and added, ‘O Allah! take revenge on ‘Amr bin Hisham, ‘Utba bin Rabia, Shaiba bin Rabi’a, Al-Walid bin’Utba, Umaiya bin Khalaf, ‘Uqba bin Abi Mu’ait and ‘Umar a bin Al-Walid.” Abdullah added, “By Allah! I saw all of them dead in the battle field on the day of Badr and they were dragged and thrown in the Qalib (a well) at Badr: Allah’s Apostle then said, ‘Allah’s curse has descended upon the people of the Qalib (well).


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The Permissible Distance When Passing by Someone Who is Praying (Sutrah Ruling) by Shaykh Uthaymeen

Question:

What is the (permissible) distance in front of the one praying that someone is allowed to pass by?

Answer:

The distance at which it is allowed to pass by in front of the one performing his prayer, so long as he has a sutrah, is that area beyond the sutrah of the one praying. And if he did not have a sutrah, and was praying on a prayer mat, then the (entire) area of the prayer mat is not permissible for anyone to pass by. And if he did not have a prayer mat, then it is prohibited for anyone to pass by the area between his feet and his prostration area/spot.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
Fataawa Noor ‘alad-Darb – Volume 1, Page 163

Saudi Gazette – Monday, 16 March 2009  –  19 Rabi Al-Awaal 1430 H

A woman invalidating a woman’s prayer – Shaykh al-Albaani

silsilat ul-hudaa wa nnoor 93/7
asaheeha translations

Q: “If a woman passes in front of someone praying she invalidates the prayer, so does she also invalidate the prayer of a woman?”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

Yes, a woman invalidates the prayer of another woman (if she passes in front of her) under the condition mentioned in some established narrations: if she has reached puberty. And there is no difference in rulings of the Legislation between men and women unless there is a text excepting women from the men; and there is no (such) text here. Rather the text is general: ‘one’s prayer is invalidated if a woman (who has reached puberty), a donkey or a black dog passes in front of him, if there isn’t something like the rear part of a camel saddle in front of him.’[1] So there is no difference in the ruling.”

[1] Saheeh Muslim 511, Saheeh Ibn Maajah 786