The Story Of How An-Najjaashee Became The King Of Abyssinia – Dawud Burbank

[Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood ibn Ronald Burbank]

Posted by Saad Burbankwww.alitisaambissunnah.wordpress.com

* Concerning an-Najjaashee’s refusal to surrender the Muslims in his land to the Mushrikoon from Quraish, and his refusal to accept gifts to bribe him to do that:-

* az-Zuhree said: “I had this hadeeth narrated by “Urwah ibn az-Zubayr (rahimahullaah): from Umm Salamah (radiyallaahu “anhaa). So “Urwah said: “Do you know what he (i.e. an-Najjaashee) meant by his saying: “Allaah did not take any bribe from me, when He restored my kingdom to me, such that I should accept any bribe to keep my kingdom; And Allaah did not do what the people wanted with regard to me, such that I should obey the people against Him.” ?

So I said; “No.”… So then “Urwah explained it, saying:  “Aa’ishah (radiyallaahu ‘anhaa) narrated to me that:

<< His father was previously king of his people, and he had a brother, and his brother had twelve sons. But the father of an-Najjaashee had no child besides an-Najjaashee.

So the people of Abyssinia started plotting together and they said: We ought to kill the father of an-Najjaashee, and give the kingship to his brother, then his brother has twelve sons. So then later they can inherit the kingship and the Abyssinian people will remain for a long time without any infighting between them. So they attacked (the king) and killed him, and they made his brother king.

So then an-Najjaashee entered upon his uncle, and he impressed him so much that he consulted nobody else besides him, and he was found to be a person of intellect and firm resolve.

So when the rest of the Abyssinians saw the status which he now had with his uncle they said: This boy has got the better of his uncle now, so we do not feel safe that he will not make him king over us (after himself), and he knows that we have killed his father. So if that happens, he will not leave a single noble amongst us except he will kill him.

So they went to his uncle and said: You know that we killed his father, and put you in his place; and we do not feel safe that he will not become king over us (after you). So either you kill him, or you banish him from our land.

He said, “Woe to you, you killed his father yesterday, and now I have to kill him today! Rather I will send him away from your land.”

So they took him away, and put him in the market place; and they sold him as a slave to a trader from the traders who threw him into a ship, having bought him for 600 or 700 dirhams.

Then he departed with him.

Then when it was the evening of that same day some clouds from the autumn clouds appeared. So his uncle went out to enjoy the rain, but he was struck by a lightening bolt which killed him.

So the people quickly went to his children, but they found that they were stupid people. There was not a single one that had any good in him. So the affair of the Abyssinians was thrown into confusion.

So some of them said to others:
“You know, by Allaah, that the only one who is suitable to be king over you is the one who you sold this morning. So if you have any concern for the affair of the Abyssinians, then go and get him before he leaves.”

So they went searching for him. So they found him and they brought him back; and they placed the crown upon his head, and they sat him upon his throne, and they made him the king.

But the trader (came and) said: “Give me back my money, for you have taken my slave!”

They said: “We will not give you anything.”
So the trader said, “Then by Allaah, I will go and speak to him.”

So he went to him and spoke to him, and said: “O king! I bought a slave and the people who sold him to me took the price, but then they seized the slave and took him away from me, and they won”t give me my money back.” So this was the first case that was seen from the firmness, wisdom, and justice of an- Najjaashee that he said:

“You must either give him his money back; or hand over his slave to him so that he may take him wherever he wants.”
So the people said: “Rather we will give him his money.” So they gave it to him.

So this is why ((when the Najjaashee did not surrender the Muslims, and did not accept the bribe from the Quraish to hand over the Muslims)), he said:

“Allaah did not take any bribe from me, when He restored my kingdom to me, such that I should take any bribe to keep my kingdom; And Allaah did not do what the people wanted with regard to me, such that I should obey the people against Him.”

* Shaikh al- Albaanee mentioned that it is reported by Ibn Hishaam in his abridgement of Ibn Ishaaq”s “Seerah” (1/363-364), and by Aboo Nu”aym in “ad-Dalaa.il” (pp.81- 84), and that its chain of narration is “hasan”.

* – This is the same one, an- Najjaashee, who sent a message to the Prophet (sallallaahu “alaihi-wa sallam) to say that he had accepted Islaam; and he died upon Islaam (radiyallaahu “anhu).

– Then Ibn Ishaaq reports through his chain of narration from “Aa.ishah that when an- Najjaashee died that the people mentioned that light was continually seen over his grave. Shaikh al-Albaanee said its chain is hasan (good).

– He is the one who is mentioned in al-Bukhaaree and Muslim in a hadeeth of Aboo Hurairah (radiyallaahu ‘anhu) that when he died, the Prophet (sal Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) was told through Revelation, and that he ordered the Companions to form rows and he prayed the Funeral Prayer for him, as no one in his land prayed the Funeral Prayer for him.
***

Saying, ‘Insha’Allah’ (If Allah Wills) when Determining to do something in the Future – Ibn Kathir

Source : Tafseer Ibn Kathir of Surah Al-Kahf

 And never say of anything, “I shall do such and such thing tomorrow.” Except (with the saying), “If Allah wills!” And remember your Lord when you forget and say: “It may be that my Lord guides me to a nearer way of truth than this.” – Surah Kahf: (23, 24 ayah).

When Allah’s Messenger (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) declared Allah’s Oneness and proclaimed to be the Messenger of Allah (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) and revelation of Divine Message, the disbeliveers of Makkah sent some men to Jewish rabbis in al-Medina and said: “Ask them (the rabbis) about Muhammad (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam), and describe him to them, and tell them what he is saying.They are the people of the first Book, and they have more knowledge of the Prophets than we do.’ So they set out for al-Medina, they asked the Jewish rabbis about the Messenger of Allah (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam). They described him to them and told them some of his teachings.

The rabbis said: ‘Ask him about three things which we will tell you to ask, if he answers them then he is a Prophet who has been sent (by Allah); if he does not, then he is saying things that are not true, in which case how you will deal with him will be up to you. Ask him about some young men in ancient times, what was their story? For there is a strange and wondrous tale. Ask him about a man who traveled a great deal and reached the east and the west of the earth. What was his story? And ask him about he Ruh (soul or spirit) what is it?

If he tells you about these things, then he is a Prophet, so follow him, but if he does not tell you, then he is a man who is making things up, so deal with him as you see fit.’ So, the men came back to Makkah and said: ‘O people! We have come to you with a decisive solution which will put an end to the problem between you and Muhammad (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam). The Jewish rabbis told us to ask him about some matters,’ and they told them what they were. Then they came to the Messenger of Allah (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) and said: ‘O Muhammad (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) tell us,’ and they asked him about the things they had been told to ask.

The Messenger of Allah (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: “I will tell you tomorrow about what you have asked me.” But he (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) did not say, ‘If Allah Wills.’

Allah Messenger (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) never spoke anything except with revelation. So, he waited for the revelation from Allah but fifteen days passed away without any revelation concerning those matter which the disbelievers asked, neither did Jibreel (alaihis-salaam) come to him. The people of Makkah started to doubt him and said: ‘Muhammad (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) promised to tell us the next day and now fifteen days have gone by and he has not told us anything in response to the questions we asked.’

The Messenger of Allah (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) felt sad because of the delay in revelation and was grieved by what the people of Makkah were saying about him.

Then Jibreel (alaihis-salaam) came with the revelation of Soorah al-Kahf, which contained answers to the questions and also the above mentioned verse explaining the correct etiquette when determining to do something in the future.

Determining to do something in the future should always be attributed to the Will of Allah, Who is the Knower of the Unseen and Who Alone Knows what was and what is yet to happen and what is not to be.

It is reported in Saheeh al-Bukharee from Abu Hurayrah (radhiyallahu anhu), who said: “The Messenger of Allah (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: “Sulaiman Ibn Dawood (alaihimus-salaam) said: ‘Tonight I will go around to all my seventy wives (according to some reports it is ninety or one hundred wives) so that each one of them will give birth to a son who will fight for the sake of Allah.’ It was said to him, (according to one narration, an Angel said to him), say, ‘If Allah Wills.’ But he did not say it. He went around to the women but none of them gave birth except for one, who gave birth to a half-formed child.” The Messenger of Allah (sallalahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: “By the One, in Whose Hands is my soul, had he said, ‘If Allah wills,’ he would not have broken his oath, and that would have helped him to attain what he wanted.” [Saheeh Muslim (vol. 3, no. 1275)]

So, if one determines to do something in the future or even takes an oath, he should say, ‘If Allah Wills’ or ‘Insha’Allah.’ If one forgets to say “Insha’Allah” then he should say when he remembers it even if it is a year later, as Ibn Abbas (radhiallahu anhu) explained.

Someone entering Islam while being married to Mahrams or women who are forbidden to marry at the same time – Permanent Committee

Q 1: Here in Sri Lanka some Kafirs (disbelievers) have accepted Islam, especially Buddhists, but they stay married according to their former religions. One might be married to his niece and they have children. In such a case, we cannot separate them. What should we do?

A: If both spouses accept Islam together, and they are married in a way that is impermissible in Islam, they must be separated at once, such as a couple who accepts Islam while the wife is her husband’s niece.

In such a case, they must be forced to leave each other, as it is impermissible for a Muslim to marry his niece.

This is according to Allah’s saying (Exalted be He), Forbidden to you (for marriage) are: your mothers until His saying, your sister’s daughters and similar cases. A man who accepts Islam while he is married to two sisters is asked to divorce one of them. This is according to what was narrated by Ahmad, Abu Dawud, Al-Tirmidhy and Al-Nasa’y, on the authority of Al-Dahhak ibn Fayruz, from his father that he said, When I embraced Islam, I was married to two sisters. The Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered me to divorce one of them. The wording of Al-Tirmidhy is choose either one of them that you wish. May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Member     Deputy Chairman     Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud     `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source: alifta.com

Christian wife embraced islam after marriage and then apostated – Permanent Committee

Q: A Muslim married a woman from the People of the Book, then she embraced Islam, but then reverted to her previous religion.

A:

She is unlawful to him, as she is now a Murtad (apostate).

Reference: Fatwas of Permanent Committee – Group 1 – Fatwa :754 Part :20 Page :14 – 15

Source: alifta.com

The gift from a Kafir’s heirs to their Muslim brother from the inheritance – Permanent Committee

Q 3: a person embraced Islam and the members of his family are still non-Muslims. Then his parents died leaving behind a legacy for him and his brothers. It is well-known that this Muslim person does not deserve inheritance from his father’s legacy. If his brothers offered him what they think is his share of inheritance, should he accept it? It is said that it is permissible for him to take it as a gift. If this is true, must he tell them that he will accept it as a gift or is his intention enough?

Ans:

It is permissible for this Muslim person to take the money offered for him by his father or brothers whether they are dead or alive as long as it does not draw him back to their religion and as long as they are rational people and know that he does not deserve inheritance.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Deputy Chairman     Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud     `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source: alifta.com

Does mere pronouncement of Shahadah suffices to enter Islam? – Fatwas of Nur Ala Al-Darb

Q: Does mere pronouncement of Shahadah (Testimony of Faith) suffice for a person to be rightfully called a Muslim, or does one have to do other things in order for their Islam and Iman (faith) to be complete?

A:

It is enough for a non-Muslim to pronounce the first pillar of Islam, that is, to bear witness that La ilaha illa Allah (there is no deity but Allah) and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah to be rightfully called a Muslim provided that this testimony is pronounced out of one’s certainty, knowledge, true belief, and sincere work. A person will then be asked to perform Salah (Prayer) and observe other acts of `Ibadah (worship).

When the Prophet (peace be upon him) sent Mu`adh (may Allah be pleased with him) to Yemen, he said: Invite them to bear witness that La ilaha illa Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. If they do that, then inform them that Allah has made it obligatory upon them to offer the Five Obligatory Daily Prayers. If they obey, then inform them that Allah has made it obligatory upon them to pay Zakah (obligatory charity) which is taken from the rich among them and distributed among the poor. The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not ask Mu`adh to command them to offer Salah until their Tawhid (monotheism) and Iman in the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) were firmly established. First of all, they are required to declare the Oneness of Allah and believe in Muhammad as the Messenger of Allah. Once they embrace Islam, the former Kafir (disbeliever) will hold the same rulings applied to Muslims. Then they will be required to offer Salah and perform all other religious acts. If they refrain from performing these acts, other rulings will be applicable to them.For example, if they abstain from offering Salah, they are given the chance to offer Tawbah (repentance). Otherwise, the Muslim ruler may punish him by capital punishment. If they arrogantly refuse to pay or and fight for that, they will also be fought. This is based on the fact that the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet) fought those who denied Zakah. If they deny Sawm (fast), the Imam (ruler) may inflict Ta`zir (discretionary punishment) on them in a way that serves as a deterrent for them. The same applies to abstention of performing Hajj in case a person is financially and physically capable of performing it. This ruling is applicable to all sins which are liable to Ta`zir or Had (ordained punishment for violating Allah’s Law).

In conclusion, a person will be considered as having embraced Islam once they declare Shahadah whereby they will be treated as Muslims. If they die soon after declaring Shahadah, they will dwell in Jannah (Paradise). For example, if they embrace Islam after sunrise and die before they can offer the Zhuhr (Noon) Prayer, they will be regarded as Muslims though they have not performed any Salah. This was the case with some of the Sahabah who were killed on the battlefield soon after they embraced Islam. They belong to the dwellers of Jannah, even though they did nothing except having declared Allah’s Oneness and believed in the Messenger of Allah. However, if they live until the time of Salah is due, they will be commanded to offer it.

If they amass wealth which reaches Nisab (the minimum amount on which Zakah is due), they will be commanded to pay Zakah. They will also be required to observe Sawm if they witness the month of Ramadan. They will also be obliged to perform Hajj if they have the means.

In general, they will hold the same rulings applied to Muslims whether those related to this life or the Hereafter. They will be obliged to fulfill all the duties of Islam. However, if they die before the time of Salah has become due, they will be regarded as Muslims and shall be consigned to Jannah. In case of their persistent refusal to offer Salah, they will be treated as Kafirs. This is the view held by a large number of scholars. Other scholars hold that theywill be considered as having committed minor Kufr (disbelief that is not tantamount to taking the Muslim out of Islam). Although they will have to be put to death, they will not be considered as having committed major Shirk (disbelief that takes the Muslim out of Islam). The same applies to abandoning Zakah or Sawm. The correct opinion is that whenever a person abandons Salah intentionally, they are regarded as having denied its obligatory status. Accordingly, they will be executed according to the correct view maintained by scholars. The majority of Fuqaha’ (Muslim jurists) hold the view that they will be considered disobedient Muslims. This is the view held by the majority of later Fuqaha’. However, `Abdullah ibn Shaqiq Al-`Aqily reported that the Companions were unanimous on the fact that whoever abandons Salah will be considered as having committed Kufr.

Fatwas of Nur `Ala Al-Darb

Source: alifta.com

The promises made before entering Islam – Permanent Committee

Q 2: what should be done concerning promises made before converting to Islam?

Ans: A man should fulfill only the good promises he took before embracing Islam. It is not permissible for him to fulfill promises involving anything prohibited.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Deputy Chairman     Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Sahih Muslim : Chapter 7: WHAT A NON-BELIEVER SHOULD DO WITH HIS VOW WHEN HE EMBRACES ISLAM

Book 015, Number 4072:

Ibn ‘Umar reported that Umar (b. Khattab) said: Messenger of Allah, I had taken a vow during the days of Ignorance (Jahiliyya) that I would observe I’tikaf for a night in the Sacred Mosque. He (the Holy Prophet) said: Fulfil your vow.

Ruling on changing one’s name and being circumcised after converting to Islam – Fatwas of Nur Ala Al-Darb

Q: Is it necessary for new converts to Islam to change their names? Should an adult convert be circumcised?

A: It is permissible for new Muslims to change their names if they carry wrong or bad meanings, as this is a sign of conversion to Islam. If one asks the reason for a convert having changed their name, in most cases, their names before converting to Islam were not suitable, thus they felt it necessary to change them to Islamic names such as Saleh, Ahmad, `Abdullah, `Abdul-Rahman, Muhammad, etc. Names which suggest slavery to other than Allah such as `Abdul- Messiah, `Abdul-Zahra, or `Abd-Musa must be changed to `Abdullah, `Abdul-Rahman and the like, as servitude is to Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) Alone. Therefore, it is best to change names which express servitude to other than Allah and which are familiar and used by the Kuffar (disbelievers) to Islamic names.

It is better for new Muslims to get circumcised by highly-skilled, experienced doctors, even when accepting Islam as adults. A group of scholars hold that it is Wajib (obligatory) upon new converts be circumcised unless there is fear of harm. If a doctor feels that circumcision may harm them, it is waived in this case. However, if a doctor know that it will not cause them any harm, they should be circumcised.

Circumcision is a stressed Sunnah and Wajib according to a group of scholars. Therefore, if it is feasible for an adult to be circumcised without suffering any harm, it is better and safer to undergo such procedure, otherwise they do not have to do it.

If getting circumcised will drive a person away from Islam, it should not be mentioned to them. It can also be abandoned, for embracing Islam is a great bounty even without being circumcised. Therefore, a new convert need not be informed of this if it will turn them away from Islam.

When a new convert becomes steadfast in Islam, they should be circumcised, if it would not pose any risk to their health; otherwise they should not undergo this procedure.

Source: alifta.com
Fatwas of Nur `Ala Al-Darb>Volume 1>Chapter on `Aqidah>

Obstacles Of The New Shahaadah (New Muslims) – Dawood Adib [Audio|En]

[Download Audio] (Time 26:47)

Glossary of Terms for the non-Muslim and the new Muslim

Abd : A male slave, a slave of Allah.

Adhaan : The call to Salah (Prayer) pronounced loudly

Ayah (pl. Ayaat): A sign of Allah; a verse of the Qur’aan.

Aboo (Abee, Abaa): Father of; used as a means of identification

‘Alayhi salaam: “May Allah protect and preserve him” It is said after the name of the Prophet of Allah or after the name of an angel.

Alim : A knowledgeable person or a religious scholar in islaam.

Allahul Musta’an: Allah’s help is sought

Allahu Akbar: Allah is the Greatest

Ahaadeeth: See Hadeeth

‘An’anah: a narrator’s reporting by saying ‘from so and so’ not describing exactly in what form it was transmitted to him. This will only affect the authenticity of the narration if the one doing it is a mudallis.

Ansaar: “Helpers”; the Muslims of Madeenah who supported the Muslims who migrated from Makkah.

Aameen: O Allah ! accept our invocation.

Bid’ah: Innovation; anything introduced into the Religion, in order to seek Allaah’s pleasure, not having a specific proof or basis in the Religion.

Companions (Arabic – Sahaabah): the Muslims who saw the Prophet (may Allah protect and preserve him) and died upon Islaam.

Da’eef: weak; unauthentic (narration)

Da’wah: Literally call. This refers to the concept and practical implementation of inviting and calling a person or persons to abide by and accept Islaam in its pure and unadulterated form.

Deen: way of life prescribed by Allah i.e. Islaam

Duha : Forenoon

Eemaan: faith; to affirm all that was revealed to the Messenger (may Allah protect and preserve him), affirming with the heart, testifying with the tongue and acting with the limbs. The actions of the limbs are from the completeness of Eemaan. Faith increases with obedience to Allah and decreases with disobedience.

Fataawa: see Fatwa.

Fatwa (pl. Fataawa): religious verdict.

Fiqh: the understanding and application of the Sharee’ah from its sources.

Firdaus : The middle and the highest part of the Jannah.

Fitnah: (pl. fitan): This linguistically refers to calamities, trials, tribulations and mischief.

Ghusl : A ceremonial bath. This is necessary for one who is Junub, and also on other occassions.

Hadeeth (pl. Ahaadeeth): narration concerning the utterances of the Prophet (may Allah protect and preserve him), his action or an attribute of his.

Hajj: Pilgrimage to Makkah

Halaal: permitted under the Sharee’ah

Haneef : Pure Islamic Monotheism

Haram : The Sanctuaries of Makkah and Al-Madeenah

Haraam: prohibited under the Sharee’ah

Hasan: fine; term used for an authentic hadeeth, which does not reach the higher category

Haya: Modesty – Bashfulness

Hijaab : A long dress prescribed from muslim women to cover their whole body from head to feet

Hijrah : Migration

Ibn: son of; used as a means of identification.

Iftaar : Breaking the fast

Imaam: leader; leader in Salaah, knowledge or fiqh; leader of a state.

Isnaad: the chain of narrators linking the collector of the saying to the person quoted.

Jinn: A creation of Allah created by smokeless fire.

Kaafir: A disbeliever.

Khaleefah (pl. Khulafaa’): the head of the Islamic government (the khilaafah) to whom the oath of allegaince is given.

Khulafaa’: see khaleefah.

Kufr: Disbelief.

Kuffaar: Disbelievers.

La Ilaha Illa Allah: There is none worthy of worship except Allah

Mudallis: most commonly a narrator who reports things from his Shaikh which he did not directly hear from him but from an intermidediate whom he does not name but instead says ‘from the Shaikh’. This intermediate may be weak. The scholars of hadeeth will only accept the narrations of a mudallis when he clearly states that he heard them from the Shaikh, i.e. ‘The Shaikh narrated to us…’ e.t.c.

Muhaajir: One who migrates from the lands of the disbelievers to the land of the Muslims for the sake of Allaah.

Munqati’: (lit. disjoined) An isnaad in which two continuous links are missing in one or more than one place or an unknown narrator is found to join the links.

Mursal: loose; a narration in which a Successor narrated firectly from the Prophet sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam, i.e. omitting the Companion from who he heard it.

Mushaf : The Qur’aan between two covers.

Matrook: (lit. discarded) Where narrators are accused of falsehood in matters other than the narration of the tradition.

Radiyallaahu ‘anhu/’anhaa/’anhum/’anhumaa: may Allaah be pleased with him/her/them/both of them.

Rahimahullaah/Rahimahumullaah: may Allaah bestow His mercy upon him/them.

Saheeh: correct; an authentic narration.

Salaf: predecessors; the early Muslims; the Muslimsof the first three generations: The Companions, the Successors and their successors.

Salafus-Saaliheen: pious predecessors; the Muslims of the first three generations: the Companions, the Successors and their successors.

Shaikh: scholar

Shaitaan: Satan

Sharee’ah: the Divine code of Law.

Shirk: Associating partners with Allaah.

Sunnah: in its broadest sense, the entire Deen which the Prophet sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam came with and taught, i.e. all matters of belief, rulings, manners and actions whjich were conveyed by the Companions. It also includes those matters which the Prophet sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam established by his sayings, actions and tacit approval – as opposed to bid’ah (innovation).

sunnah: an action of the Prophet sallalahu ‘alayhe wasallam.

SubhanAllah: Glory be to Allah; How perfect is Allah of Saheeh.

Soorah: a chapter of the Qur’aan.

Taabi’ee (pl. Taabi’een): a Muslim (other than another Companion) who met a Companion.

Taqwa: “taqwa is acting in obedience to Allaah, hoping for His mercy upon light from Him and Taqwa is leaving acts of disobedience, out of fear of Him, upon light from Him.”

Tawheed: Literally Oneness – The belief and realization of singling Allaah out alone in His Lordship, the Worship that is performed for Him and His names and Attributes, apart from all other false deities. This entails the belief that Allaah is the only true Creator, Sustainer, and Administrator of the Universe. It entails that one is mandated to perform and sincerely direct all of his worship to Allaah alone and no one else. And lastly, it entails believing in all of Allaah’s perfect Names and Attributes, and that they apply to Him alone and no one else.

‘Ulamaa: Scholars of the Deen of Islaam.

Umm: Mother of. Ex: Umm ‘Abdillah – Mother of ‘Abdillah

Zaahid: One who practices zuhd.

Zuhd: Abstaining from the world and its luxuries.

Sources Used:

“The Evil of Craving For Wealth and Status” by Ibn Rajab al-Hanbalee. Pgs. 56-58
“Beneficial Answers to Questions on Innovated Methodologies” by Shaykh Saleh al-Fawzaan
“Explanation of the Creed” by Imaam al-Barbahaaree
From the appendix of “Translation of the meanings of The Nobl Qur’an , in the English Language” – By Dr. Muhammad Taqiuddeen al-Hilaalee, Ph.D. and Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan [ Arabic/English]

A Muslim’s inheritance from a Kafir – Permanent Committee

Q: A family is composed of a father, a mother, four sons, and four daughters. They were all Christians. Three sons and one daughter converted to Islam. Their father died and left them a huge fortune which is around 18,000,000 Saudi Riyals. do the children who embraced Islam have the right to inherit from their non-Muslim father?

A: If the matter is as mentioned, the Muslim children whose father died as non-Muslim will not inherit. The origin of this ruling is what is related by Al-Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Usamah ibn Zayd (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Neither a Muslim inherits from a disbeliever, nor does a disbeliever inherit from a Muslim.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Member     Deputy Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud     `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify

Source: alifta.com

~~~~~~

Q 1: This letter is sent by some Dutch women who have embraced Islam, praise be to Allah, and who have many inquiries concerning the issue of inheritance, as our parents are non-Muslims, and a Muslim must not inherit a Kafir (disbeliever). Our parents asked us to tell them how to share their property after their death, which falls into many categories: First, a house, as the money will only be available when the house is sold after their parents’ death;we cannot take part of this money during their lifetime. Is it permissible for the parents to make a grant contract with their children during their lifetime, by paying an annual sum of money that can only be reclaimed after they die and the children sell the house? Is it permissible for the parents to make a grant contract with their children, so that the latter are the real owners of the house during the lifetime of the parents, and after their death each one takes their right? If a Kafir mother has two daughters, one of whom is a Muslim and the other is a Kafir, is it permissible for the mother to make a will for her Kafir daughter to grant half of her inheritance to her Muslim sister? It is said that no bequest must be made to an heir. If we are not entitled to inherit, is it permissible to make a will for us with one third of the money? Second, jewels and valuable objects. Is it permissible for the Kafir parents to distribute such items among their children during their lifetime as a grant, provided that the children use them during their fathers’ lifetime, and after their death these things are returned to the children as agreed upon in the grant? Third, trivial objects and things of low value, such as clothes, mugs and furniture. Is it permissible for us to take them and use them after their death? Is it permissible for us to give them to some Muslims or Kafirs, or simply get rid of them? If the mother dies, and the father is still alive, is it permissible for their daughter to accept her father’s offer and take her mother’s things such as clothes?

A: A Muslim does not inherit a Kafir, neither does a Kafir inherit a Muslim, according to the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him), Neither a Muslim inherits a Kafir, nor does a Kafir inherit a Muslim. Agreed upon by Al-Bukhari and Muslim in the Hadith reported from Usamah (may Allah be pleased with him). However, it is permissible for the Muslim children to accept the grants, gifts and wills from their Kafir parents. They can also make contracts with them according to the Shar`y (Islamically lawful) regulations. However, it is impermissible for them to inherit their parents. If the Kafir parents deprive their Muslim children from their inheritance and dedicate all of it to their Kafir children, the Muslim children have no right to claim any of their parents’ property, as this claim only takes the form of inheritance, which is a compulsory right. It is known that a Muslim does not inherit a Kafir. May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Member     Member     Member     Chairman
Bakr Abu Zayd     `Abdul-`Aziz Al Al-Shaykh     Salih Al-Fawzan     `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source: alifta.net

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Converted Muslims does not have to make up for missed Salah (Prayer) and Sawm (fasting) – Permanent Committee

Q: A man converted to Islam at the age of forty. Should he make up for the missed Salah (prayer)?

A: A person who converts to Islam does not have to make up for Salah and Sawm (fasting) which they did not perform during the days of their Kufr (disbelief), as Allah stated, Say to those who have disbelieved, if they cease (from disbelief), their past will be forgiven. (Surah Al-Anfal, 8: 38). The Prophet (peace be upon him) also stated, Islam wipes out all that has gone before it (previous misdeeds). The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not order those who embraced Islam to make up for any missed rites of Islam. The scholars also unanimously agreed upon this.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Member     Deputy Chairman     Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud     `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source: alifta.com

A new convert paying to the bank its dues before entering Islam – Permanent Committee

Q: The submitter says he has recently converted to Islam. He had bought a house before he converted to Islam through a transaction widely prevailing in the West. To clarify, he paid a certain amount of the price in advance and borrowed the remainder on credit. Knowing that a Muslim may not pay or receive interest, he inquires about the ruling on interest that he has to pay for that loan.

A: If the reality is as you have mentioned, the person in question should submit his new status to the authority from which he took the loan asking it to take back only the capital, i.e. without interest, as interest is prohibited according to Islam. Doing so is more precautionary and frees him from accountability for paying the usurious interest. If the borrowing authority approves of it, it will be alright, praise be to Allah. Otherwise, he will have to pay the interest stipulated in the contract he had signed before converting to Islam.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Member     Deputy Chairman     Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud     `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source : alifta.com

Dictating Shahadah to a woman who wants to become a Muslim – Permanent Committee

Q3: If there is a woman who wants to embrace Islam, is it permissible for a man to dictate the Shahadah (Testimony of Faith) to her or should it be a woman who does so?

A: There is no problem with dictating Shahadah to a woman who wants to become a Muslim if this is performed by a man or a woman. Yet it is preferable if it is a woman who does so, so that the new Muslim woman can learn all that she needs to know about Islam with complete ease.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Member     Member     Chairman
Bakr Abu Zayd     Salih Al-Fawzan     `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah Al Al-Shaykh

Source: alifta.com

Repenting from all sins but keeping the ill-gotten money (like in the case of new Muslim) – Permanent Committee

Repenting from all sins but keeping the ill-gotten money

Q 6: A person used to abandon Salah (prayer), drink alcohol and commit vile deeds. He has a lot of ill-gotten money. He then turned to Allah with sincere repentance with regard to all the sins mentioned above except the ill-gotten money. Should he get rid of such ill-gotten money? Or will he be treated like a new Muslim who is not asked about the source of his wealth?

A: on turning to Allah with sincere repentance with regards to the ill-gotten money, it is obligatory for one to get rid of such evil money. In case he is not able to define the ill-gotten money, he can give out what he thinks to clear himself from such guilt. This is to be followed if his sins have not caused him to leave Islam.

On committing sins that make a person leave Islam such as the abandonment of Salah, according to the most preponderant opinion of scholars, even if such a person does not deny its obligation, repentance can be realized by performing Salah and embracing Islam again. This is because Islam wipes out all that has gone before it. Also, one is not obliged to get rid of the money he got before adopting Islam. This is because Allay (Exalted be He) says about the disbelievers, Say to those who have disbelieved, if they cease (from disbelief), their past will be forgiven. As mentioned in the Sahih (Authentic Book of Hadith), the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, Islam wipes out all that has gone before it (previous misdeeds). And penitence also wipes out all that has gone before it.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Member     Deputy Chairman     Chairman
Bakr Abu Zayd     Salih Al-Fawzan     `Abdul-`Aziz Al Al-Shaykh     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source : alifta.com

Gradation in conveying Islam – Permanent Committee

Q 4: Has the gradual communication of the Islamic legislation ended by the completion of delivering the Message? Is it permissible for a Da`y (caller to Islam) to tell a new Muslim about the commands and the prohibitions of Islam gradually, so that they are not shocked?

A: It is permissible to convey the Message of Islam to others gradually, acting upon the Hadith of Mu`adh when he was sent by the Prophet (peace be upon him) to Yemen. The Six Hadith Compilers (Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, Al-Tirmidhy, Al-Nasa’y, and Ibn Majah) reported from Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) told Mu`adh ibn Jabal when he sent him to Yemen: You are going to people of a (Divine) Book. So when you come to them call them to testify that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. If they obey you in that, inform them that Allah has enjoined on them five Salahs (to be offered) in every day and night. If they obey you in that, inform them that Allah has enjoined on them Sadaqah (obligatory charity) to be taken from the rich among them and given to the poor among them. If they obey you in that, beware (not to take as obligatory charity) their precious property! And fear the supplication of a wronged person, for there is no barrier between them and Allah.

As for Islamic legislation, it has come to an end by the death of the Prophet (peace be upon him), as Allah (Exalted be He) says: This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islâm as your religion.

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Deputy Chairman     Chairman
`Abdul-Razzaq `Afify     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source: alifta.com

The correct way to teach and guide a new Muslim – Fatwas of Nur Ala Al-Darb

Q: Some people hasten to explain some matters to new Muslims, some of these matters may be minor details, for example, wearing the complete Hijab (veil) for women and growing a beard for men and circumcision and other such matters. Can you comment on this subject?

A: These are minor details, if they are clarified at the beginning, there is nothing wrong with that, and if they are delayed to a later time, there is also nothing wrong with that. The most important thing is to explain the basics of the religion so that the person can enter Islam. As for subsidiary matters like shaving the beard or shortening it, or wearing Hijab, or circumcision and the like, these should better be delayed to a later time so that the person is not repelled or discouraged and just to teach them the foundations of Islam first and its great pillars. After they embrace Islam, they can be encouraged to perform the rest of the practices of Islam.

Source : Fatwas of Nur `Ala Al-Darb

New Muslim Reciteing Surah Al-Fatihah and some Ayahs during Ruku` or Sujud instead of Tasbih! – Permanent Committee

Do not recite Surah Al-Fatihah during Ruku` or Sujud instead of Tasbih!

Q4: Is it permissible for a new Muslim to recite Surah Al-Fatihah and some Ayahs (Qur’anic verses) instead of the obligatory Tasbihs (glorifications of Allah) and Du`a’ (supplications) that are obligatory in Salah (Prayer) or is there anything else that can be said instead, because this is difficult at the beginning?

A: A new Muslim should recite the Qur’an and Dhikr (Remembrance of Allah) in the correct places during Salah as soon as they can, as Allah says: Allâh burdens not a person beyond his scope. However, they should not recite Surah Al-Fatihah while in Ruku` (bowing) or Sujud (prostration) instead of Tasbih.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Deputy Chairman     Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source : http://alifta.com

Circumcision for new convert – is it Sunnah or Obligation? – Permanent Committee

Q: On our visit to Uganda, we noticed that some Christians bring their children to embrace Islam in an orphanage for newly converted Muslims. When the parents were asked why they themselves do not embrace Islam, their answer was that they fear being circumcised. What is the opinion of Your Eminence concerning this?

A:

It is not necessary to demand that they be circumcised, if they fear that, for this is Sunnah (action following the teachings of the Prophet) and not an obligatory action, according to the majority of scholars. Those who maintain that circumcision is obligatory restrict it to situations where there are no fears for the circumcised person’s safety.

If this fear of circumcision prevents those Christians from embracing Islam, they should not be asked to do it at the time of embracing Islam. When Islam becomes firm in their hearts, this matter can be reconsidered.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and his Companions.

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Member     Member     Member     Deputy Chairman     Chairman
Bakr Abu Zayd     `Abdul-`Aziz Al Al-Shaykh     Salih Al-Fawzan     `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source : alifta.com

Obligation of a Kafir woman who enters Islam informing her husband – Permanent Committee

Question: An Indonesian Christian woman who had come to Berlin, in West Germany, for a special task she is entrusted with by the government of Indonesia, converted to Islam. The woman belongs to an influential family which has good connections with President Suharto. Moreover, her husband is an official in the Indonesian Ministry of Defense and Security. In Sha’a Allah (If Allah wills), through her conversion to Islam, being an intellectual and influential woman, she will prove to be useful to Islam and Muslims. However, the dilemma is that her husband is a Christian bigot and thus she cannot declare her conversion to Islam. Until now, no one knows about her conversion except us (7 people only). Nevertheless, she intends to tell her husband and children about her conversion to Islam in her own way so that she can call them to Islam. Your Eminence Shaykh, I do not know what to do in this regard knowing that Allah prohibited that a Muslim woman be married to a non-Muslim man and that such a woman has to leave her husband immediately after her conversion to Islam. On account of her being a new convert to Islam, I do not think she can enforce such an Islamic ruling and I fear that she may go back to disbelief. Furthermore, she does not belong to an ordinary family. Had she belonged to an ordinary family, leaving the husband would have been easy. Therefore, I ask you about the issue and want, if possible, a fatwa from Shaykh Ibn Baz. May I postpone ordering her to leave her non-Muslim husband until her belief gets stronger? Or, what should I tell her?

Answer:

She has to tell her husband about her conversion to Islam and that she is now prohibited to be his wife until he embraces Islam.

If he embraces Islam while she is in her `Iddah (waiting period), she will remain his wife without the need to contract marriage anew.

However, if he converts to Islam after the `Iddah is over, he may marry her anew through a new marriage contract provided that she shows her consent and all Shar`y (Islamic legal) conditions are met.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Member     Deputy Chairman     Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud     `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source : alifta.com