The Ruling on Drinking Water in One Go – Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan

Translated by Abu ‘Abdullah Naasir Hussain حفظه الله
Video Courtesy: Bilal Nahim

This questioner says: O virtuous Shaykh, l have heard that the Prophet, may the praise of Allah and peace be upon him, commanded that water should be drunk in one go. Is this correct?

Shaykh Fawzan:

This is not correct. Rather the Prophet, may the praise of I Allah and peace be upon him, prohibited drinking water in one go. This is because it is in imitation to camels. The Prophet, may the praise of Allah and peace be upon him, instructed us to drink with three breaths. To drink with three breaths. Yes.

Eating While Standing – Shaykh al-Albaani

We should not eat while standing

Q: “Is it allowed to eat while standing?”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

“I say, there is no text about the prohibition of eating while standing like there occurs the text prohibiting drinking while standing. But there is a narration from Anas bin Maalik رضي الله عنه that when he narrated to those around him in a gathering that the Prophet ﷺ prohibited drinking while standing, someone said to him: ‘What about eating (while standing)?’ He replied: ‘It is worse.’

I say here, we should follow this Companion because we don’t have anything with which we can contradict him. But what is the distinction between eating while standing and eating while walking? Eating while walking is allowed, because there is text clearly stating that they used to eat while walking during the time of the Prophet ﷺ. As for eating while standing, there is no text regarding it from the Prophet ﷺ, neither negative nor positive. All we have is this authentic narration from Anas bin Maalik and this is what we act upon.

Moreover, maybe some of you noticed in these times that it has become a fashion for the disbelievers to eat while standing although chairs are present; but they don’t sit on them out of pride. So then, the previous ruling is further strengthened. I say, we are with the narration of Anas, because Anas knew what we don’t know, and because the disbelievers nowadays and the Muslims who imitate them eat while standing, so we differ from them.”

[silsilat ul-hudaa wa nnoor 246/7 / asaheeha translations]

Eating with Three Fingers – Shaykh al-Albaani

Source: silsilat ul-hudaa wa nnoor – the series of guidance and light – tape no. 692

~

Question #6: “Is it sunnah to eat with three fingers generally with respect to all food or specifically with thareed[1] only?”

Shaykh al-Albaani (rahimahullaah) answers:

“There isn’t, in the Sunnah mentioned from the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam), that which will help us to answer this question. All there is, is that the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam) used to eat with three fingers; but that which is necessary for us to say about this hadeeth with regard to its fiqh (understanding) is that:

Firstly, this hadeeth does not mean to determine that it is not permissible for the Muslim to eat by other means like the well-known spoons today. Rather, it only means that if the Muslim eats a food that can be eaten with three fingers, then he (should) not show that he is greedy with the food such that he eats with the whole handful while he is able to eat like the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam) used to eat, with three fingers. Secondly, it is known that gravy of meat, for example, cannot be eaten with three fingers; so there it is necessary (to use) other means to eat it. And this is from the worldly affairs and not from the affairs of the religion, which the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa aalihi wa sallam) was assigned that he conveys all the rulings of the religion to the people. He (‘alayhi ssalaat wa ssalaam) has said (regarding) worldly affairs: ‘You are more knowledgeable about your worldly affairs than me.’”[2]


[1] a dish of bread, meat and broth
[2] Saheeh aj-Jaami’ #1488

~

asaheeha translations

Some Ahadeeth pertaining to Food and Drink – Shaykh al Albaani

Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Part A

1- 790 – From Ibn Abbas who said that I heard the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- saying:

‘Jibraeel came to me and said: O Muhammad! Indeed Allaah -Azza wa Jal – has cursed alcohol, the one who makes it, and the one who makes it just for himself, the one who drinks it and carries it, the one who it is carried to, its seller and the  purchaser, the one who pours it and the one who it is poured for.’

No. 839

2- 791 – From Ibn Abbas –RadhiAllaahu anhu- who said: that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:
‘Keep away from alcohol, indeed it is the key to all evil.’

No. 2798

3- From al-Hasan bin ‘Alee from the Prophet: ‘Feed people and speak good.’
No. 1465

4 – 815 – From Muhammad bin Ziyad who said: Abdullaah bin al-Harith used to pass by us and say: the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-said: ‘Feed people, spread Salaams, then you will inherit Paradise.’

No. 1466

5 – 816 – From Abu Huraira who said that the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam gave me some dates, so I put them in our large basket and we hung it on to the ceiling of the house, we continued eating from it, to such an extent that even the last of it reached the people of Sham whereby they became jealous of the people of Madina.
No. 3162

6 – 818 – From Jaabir : that a donkey which had been branded on its face passed by the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa  sallam- so he said: ‘Did it not reach you that I have cursed the one who brands an animal on its face, or hits its face?! Then he prohibited that.’
No. 1549

7 – 819 – From Salim bin Abdullaah bin Umar from his father, that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- commanded that you should sharpen your knife, and that you hide the knife from the animal and if one of you slaughters than he should prepare his knife (ensure that it is sharp).
No. 3130

8- 828 – From Umar bin al-Khattab from the Prophet: ‘Indeed food for one is enough for two and indeed food for two is enough for three and four, and indeed food for four is enough for five and six.’
No. 1686

9 – 834 – From ‘Asma bint Abu Bakr, that if she used to cook a broth she would cover it with something until the hot  bbubbling steam had left, then she said: verily I heard the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- say: ‘Indeed it is greater Baraka (blessings). i.e. the food from which is not bubbling and steaming.’
No. 392/659

Part B

11- 836 – From Anas bin Malik that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- was brought some milk which blended with water and on his right was a Bedouin and on his left was Abu Bakr, so he drank from it then he gave it to the Bedouin and said:

‘On the right on the right.’

And in another narration: ‘those on the right, those on the right, you should give it from the right hand side.’

No. 1771

12- 837 – From AbdurRahman bin Jubayr who said: a man who used to serve the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- for eight years narrated to him: that he used to hear the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- say, when food was brought close to him:

‘In the name of Allaah (Bismillaah)’ when he would finish he would say: ‘O Allaah! You fed, You gave drink, You satisfied, You guided, You gave life, so for You is praise for what You have given.’

اللهم أطعمت و أسقيت و أقنيت و هديت و أحييت , فلله الحمد على ما أعطيت

(Allaahumma Attamta, wassqayta, wa Aqnayta, wa Haadayta wa Ahayata, Fallak al-Hamd ala ma A’aatayta).

No. 71

13- 839 – From Salmah that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who said:

‘A house which has no dates in it, is like a house which has no food in it.’

No. 1776

14- 840 – From Abdullaah bin Umar who said: that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘There are three types of people whom Allaah will not look at on the Day of Judgement: the one who disobeys his parents, a woman who copies men in their dress and form, the one who has no concern for his wife. And three who will not enter Paradise: the one who is disobedient to his parents, an alcoholic and the one who reminds you of what he has given you.’

No. 674

15- 847 – From Thaabit, from Anas bin Malik that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- came to Umm Haraam and she brought him some dates and clarified butter but the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘Return this to its container and the other to its jug, since I am fasting.’

Then he stood and led us in a two Rakah optional prayer and Umm Haraam and Umm Sulaym stood behind us.  He made me stand on his right hand side – and according to Thaabit – Anas continued: He led us in an optional prayer on a mat. When he finished his prayer, Umm Sulaym said: I have a specific request, make Dua’ to Allaah for your young servant Anas.

The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- never left anything of good from theDunyaa and the Hereafter except that he supplicated it for me, then he -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘O Allaah increase his wealth and offspring and bless it for him.’

Anas said:

‘My daughter informed me that I had been provided with some ninety odd offspring from my loins. There was not a man from amongst the Ansaar who had more wealth than me, then Anas said: ‘O Thaabit, I do not own any gold or silver except for my ring.’

No. 141

16-854 – From ‘Aeysha who said:

‘The most favorite drink that the Messenger loved was sweet and cold.’

No. 3006

17- 858 – From Abu Ayoob al-Ansaari who said: ‘When the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to eat and drink he would say:

‏الحمد لله الذي أطعم وسقى ‏ ‏وسوغه ‏ ‏وجعل له مخرجا

‘al-Hamdulillah allathee attama wa saqqa wa sowwaggahu, wa Ja’ala lahu mahkrajjan.’ Praise be to Allaah who has fed us and given us drink, made it easy to swallow and made an exit for it.’

No. 2061

18 – 877 – From Ibn Abbas who said:

‘We used to call it Shibba’ataan (i.e. Zam Zam) we used to find it a blessed aid to fertility.

No. 2685

19 – 881 – From Abu Huraira who said that Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘If the person who drank while standing knew what was in his stomach, he would vomit it out.’

No. 176/2175

20 – 882 – From Abu Huraira that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘You should eat with your right hand and drink with your right hand, take with your right hand and give with your right hand, because Shaytaan eats with his left hand and drinks with his left hand and gives with his left hand and takes with his left hand.’

No. 1236

Part C

21- 884 – From al-Miqdaam bin Ma’ad Yakrib al-Kindee who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- say:

‘A human does not fill a vessel more evil than his stomach. It is sufficient for the son of Adam to eat food that would keep his back straight. If it is inevitable (that he eats a full meal) then a third is for his food, a third for his drink and a third for air.’

(2265)

22- 885 – From Ibn Abbas that he said: the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘When an alcoholic dies he meets Allaah as an idol worshipper.’

(677)

23 – 886 – From Jundab bin Abdullaah who said: the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘If one of you can try to prevent an intervention coming between himself and between Paradise, it is by not spilling a Muslim’s blood even if it is a handful. He kills the Muslim as if he is slaughtering a chicken, so every time the killer comes across a door from the doors of Paradise, Allaah comes between him and the door. And whoever can do so should not try to put in his stomach except that which is good; since the first thing that rots from a human is his stomach.’

(3379)

 

24- 891 – From Abdullaah bin Mas’ood who said the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘Whoever forgets to mention Allaah when he first begins to eat should say when he remembers: ‘Bismillaah fee awwalihee wa Aakhirihee.’ (In the name of Allaah in the beginning and the end);

because after having said Bismillaah he is receiving new food, and preventing the evil Shaytaan from taking from the food.’

(198)

25- 903 – From Anas: the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- prohibited [in another wording: rebuked] drinking standing up.’

(177)

26- 905 – From Ibn Umar who said: the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-prohibited from two kinds of partaking of food: from sitting at a table where alcohol is drunk, and that a person eats while lying on his stomach.’

(2394)

27- 914 – From Abu Darda from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who said:

‘The person who is disobedient to his parents will not enter Paradise, nor an alcoholic or a person who belies Qadr (destiny).’

(675)

28 – 916- From Abu Musa al-Ashaari who said the Messenger of Allaah  -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘An alcoholic will not enter Paradise, nor the one who believes in magic, or one who breaks relations.’

(678)

29- 917 – From Abu Huraira who said: the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘One of you should not dare drink standing up.’

(175)

30- 918- From Umar bin Abu Salmah who said: I was a young boy in the house of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and my hands used to take food from all over the dish, the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said to me:

‘O boy! If you eat, then say ‘Bismillaah’ and eat with your right hand and eat what is close to you.’

(344)

Drinking standing up – Shaykh al-Albaani

Taken from  ‘Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah’
By the Muhaddith, Shaykh, Allamaa’ Muhammad Nasir uddeen al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

No. 175  – From Abu Huraira who said: the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘One of you should not dare drink standing up.’

In another wording:

From Abu Huraira said: from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-: that he saw a man drinking standing up, so the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said to him:

‘Vomit it out.’

The man asked: ‘Why?’

He -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘Would it please you that a cat drank along with you?’

The man answered: ‘No.’

The Messenger said:

‘For indeed, someone more evil than a cat drank along with you! Shaytan!!’

[Collected by Ahmad, Darmi and Tahawi , and Al-Albaani said this chain is Saheeh.]

No. 176/2175 – From Abu Huraira who said that Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘If the person who drank whilst standing knew what was in his stomach, he would vomit it out.’

[Collected by Ahmad and Albaani said it was Saheeh]

No. 177 – From Anas from the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: that ‘he prohibited’ – and in another wording: ‘rebuked us’ – from drinking while standing.’

[Collected by Muslim, Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Darmi, Ibn Majah & Tahawi]

Shaykh Albaani commented:

‘The evident prohibition in these Ahadeeth acknowledge the prohibition of drinking whilst standing if you do not have an excuse. There are many Ahadeeth which mention that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- drank standing up, so the scholars have differed in bringing harmony between the two different types of Ahadeeth.  The majority of the scholars hold the opinion that the prohibition is not a total prohibition, and that the command of vomiting after having drank is only a recommended action.

Ibn Hazm opposed them in this, and went with the ruling of the prohibition to drink standing up, and perhaps this opinion is closer to being correct.

As for the opinion that it is not a total prohibition then the wording ‘rebuked’ does not support that opinion, nor does the command ‘to vomit’, and what I mean by this is, that vomiting is a severe hardship upon humans, and I am not aware of such a hardship in the Sharia’ as a consequence for being lax about a recommended action! Likewise the saying of the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-: ‘Indeed Shaytan drank with you.’  Then this is a strict deterrent from drinking whilst standing up, and it cannot be inferred from this, that it is possible to say that, not sitting whilst drinking is merely leaving a recommended action.

As for the Ahadeeth which mention drinking whilst standing up, then we can assume that this is when there is an excuse for it, like if there is no space to sit, or that it is a hanging water skin and you need to reach it and this point has been indicated in some Ahadeeth, and Allaah knows Best.’

[Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth as-Saheehah  by Shaykh al-Albaani (No. 175 – 177)]

From the Manners of Eating Food – Shaykh al-Albaani

Taken from ‘Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah’.
By the Muhaddith, Shaykh, Allamaa’ Muhammad Nasir uddeen al-Albaani. 
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

No. 71 – From AbdurRahman bin Jubayr who said: a man who used to serve the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- for eight years narrated to him: that he used to hear the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- say when food was brought close to him:

Bismillaah
‘In the name of Allaah’

when he would finish he would say:

Allãhumma ‘at`amta, wa ‘asqayta,  wa ‘aqnayta, wa hadayta, wa ‘ahyayta, falakal hamdu `alã mã ‘a`tayta *

‘O Allaah! You fed, You gave drink, You satisfied, You guided, You gave life, so for You is praise for what You have given.’

Shaykh Albaani said:

‘And in this hadeeth it mentions that saying ‘Bismillaah’ (in the name of Allaah) is done when you begin to eat, and that you do not add anything extra to that ‘Bismillaah’.

All the authentic Ahadeeth which have been mentioned regarding this topic, such as this hadeeth do not mention any extra wording, and I am not aware of it being mentioned in any hadeeth. Any extra wording is a Bida’ according to the Fuqaha (Scholars of Fiqh) with the meaning of a real Bida’, as for the blind followers then their answer is well-known: ‘What’s wrong with extra wording?!’

In fact we say: everything is wrong with it. Since it is a form of trying to amend the One who legislated the Deen, The Wise, Who never left anything whatsoever which will bring us closer to Allaah except that He ordered us with it and legislated it upon us.

Therefore, if it was legislated to add extra wording to ‘Bismillaah’ and there was nothing wrong with that, then the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-  would have added an extra wording, even once. And is this extra wording added to saying ‘Bismillaah’ not like the extra wording added on to sending Salaat (Praise) upon the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- when someone sneezes and adds the Salaat (Praise) after saying ‘Alhamdulillah’.

Abdullaah ibn Umar Radi Allaahu anhu rejected this Bida’ as is mentioned in the ‘Mustadrak’ of al-Hakim, and reaffirmed by Suyootee in ‘al-Haaweeya lilfatawaa’ that it is a disliked Bida’, so can the blind followers (al-Muqalidoon) give a reply to the reason which made Suyootee reaffirm that it is a Bida’! !

Some of the negligent people among them hastily accuse Suyootee – as is their habit to do so – that he is a Wahaabi! Even though Suyootee’s death took place before the death of Muhammad bin AbdulWahhab by about three hundred years! !

This reminds me of a strange story which took place in some of the schools in Damascus.  One of the famous teachers from amongst the Christians was talking about the movement of Muhammad bin AbdulWahhab in the Arabian Peninsula, and how they fought against Shirk, Bida’ and superstitions, and it seems as if he praised that movement, so some of his students said: it is evident that the teacher is a Wahhabi!!

Some of the other people, perhaps said that Suyootee was incorrect, however, where is the proof for this? ! On the contrary the proof is with Suyootee which is the saying of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- : ‘Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours that which is not of it, then it will be rejected.’ (Collected by Bukhari and Muslim).’

[Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth as-Saheehah  by Shaykh al-Albaani (No. 71)]

* PS: Transliteration of the du’a slightly updated and minor corrections by AbdurRahman.Org

 

The Encouragement to Eat of what Your Own Hands Have Earned & Sufficing with it Over Begging & Subjugating Oneself to Handouts

Taken from ‘Riyadh as-Saliheen’ By Imaam an-Nawwawi
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Allaah Ta’ala said:

<<Then when the (Jumu’a Salah) prayer has finished, you may disperse through the land, and seek the Bounty of Allaah (by working, etc.) >>

[Juma’ :10]

544 – On the authority of Abu Abdullaah az-Zubayr bin ‘Awwaam –Radhiallaahu anhu- who said: The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid: ‘For one of you to take his ropes, go to a mountain, carry a bundle of wood on his back and then sell it – Allaah making that sufficient for him – is better for him than asking from people, whether they give or withhold.’

Narrated by Bukhari

545 – On the authority of Abu Huraira –Radhiallaahu anhu-  who said: The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘For one of you to gather wood in a bundle on his back is better for him than asking/begging from anyone, they either give it to him or withhold it from him.

Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim

546 – On the authority of Abu Huraira –Radhiallaahu anhu- from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-  who said: ‘Dawood –alayhi sallam- never used to eat except from the earnings of his own hands.’

Narrated by Bukhari

547 – On the authority of Abu Huraira that The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘Zakareeyaa –alayhi sallam- used to be a carpenter.’

Narrated by Muslim

548 – On the authority of al-Maqdaam bin Ma’ad Yakrib –Rahiallaahu anhu- from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who said: ‘No one ever ate food better than that which he earned with his own hands.  Indeed the Prophet of Allaah, Dawood -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to eat from what his hands had earned.’

Narrated by Bukhari

All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace and blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions and all those who follow his guidance.

Only Saying Bismillaah When Beginning Food – Shaykh al-Albaani

By the Muhaddith, Shaykh, Allamaa’ Muhammad Nasir uddeen al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

No. 344- From Umar bin Abu Salmah who said: I was a young boy in the house of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and my hands used to take food from all over the dish, the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said to me:

‘O boy! If you eat, then say ‘Bismillaah’ and eat with your right hand and eat what is close to you.’

al-Albaani said: ‘In this hadeeth, there is evidence that the Sunnah regarding mentioning the name of Allaah when beginning food is to only say,

بسم الله

Bismillaah’ (In The Name of Allaah)

Likewise, there is the hadeeth of ‘Aeysha Radi Allaahu anha where the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said,

‘If one of you eats food, then he should say ‘Bismillaah’.  If you forget to say it when beginning then you should say:

‫بسم الله في أوله وفي آخره

Bismillaah fee awwalihi wa fee aakhirihi’.’

[Collected by Tirmidhi, who authenticated it.  It also has a supporting narration in the hadeeth of Ibn Mas’ood.]

The hadeeth of Aeysha Radi Allaahu anhu was authenticated by Ibn al-Qayyim in ‘Az-Za’ad’ and was strengthened by al-Hafidh in ‘al-Fath’ where he said ‘It is the most clear hadeeth that has been mentioned regarding the manner of saying Bismillaah’.

He also said, ‘As for the statement of an-Nawawi in ‘Al-Athkaar’ regarding the manners of eating in which he said,

‘The description for saying Bismillaah is the most important thing out of those things which are necessary to know,  it is best to say:

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

‘Bismillaahir-Rahmaanir-Raheem’

(In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy).

However, if he says ‘Bismillaah’, then this would be sufficient and he would have fulfilled the Sunnah.’

Ibn Hajr continues: I do not see any specific evidence to support his claim of being better.’

I (al-Albaani) say, there is nothing better than the Sunnah of the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- ‘And the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.’  Therefore, if nothing has been affirmed regarding saying ‘Bismillaah’ when commencing food except the saying of ‘Bismillaah’ alone, then it is not permissible to add extra wording to that saying of ‘Bismillaah’, nor to imply that there is an extra wording that is better than saying ‘Bismillaah’ alone!

This is because using this extra wording opposes that which is indicated in the hadeeth,‘And the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.’

[Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth as-Saheehah  by Shaykh al-Albaani (No. 344)]

Prohibition of using Utensils made of Gold and Silver

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 364
Prohibition of using Utensils made of Gold and Silver

1795. Umm Salamah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Whosoever drinks in utensils of silver, in fact, kindles in his belly the fire of Hell.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

The narration of Muslim is: “Verily, the person who eats or drinks in utensils made of gold and silver.”

1796.  Hudhaifah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) prohibited us from wearing silk or Dibaj and from drinking out of gold and silver vessels and said, “These are meant for them (non-Muslims) in this world and for you in the Hereafter.”

In another narration Hudhaifah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Do not wear silk and Dibaj, nor eat or drink from utensils made of gold and silver.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1797. Anas bin Sirin (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I was with Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) in the company of some Magians when Faludhaj (a sweet made of flour and honey) was brought in a silver utensil, and Anas did not take it. The man was told to change the utensil. So he changed the utensil and when he brought it to Anas, he took it.
[Al-Baihaqi].

Abomination of Joining As-Salat (The Prayer) when the Food is ready orwhen one is in desperate need to answer the call of Nature

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 339
Abomination of Joining As-Salat (The Prayer) when the Food is ready or when one
is in desperate need to answer the call of Nature

1753. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “No Salat (prayer) should be performed when the food has been served, nor should it be performed when a person is in need of relieving himself.”
[Muslim].

Undesirability of Entering the Mosque after Eating raw Onion or Garlic

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 311
Undesirability of Entering the Mosque after Eating raw Onion or Garlic

1701. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who has eaten garlic should not come to our mosque.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

The narration in Muslim is: “He who has eaten garlic should not come to our mosques.”

1702. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who has eaten from this plant (i.e., garlic) should not approach us and should not offer Salat (prayer) along with us.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1703. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who has eaten garlic or onion should keep away from us or our mosques.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

The narration in Muslim is: “He who has eaten onion or garlic or leek should not approach our mosque, because the angels are also offended by the strong smells) that offend the children of Adam.”
[Muslim].

1704. It  has  been  narrated  that `Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) said in the sermon of Friday prayer: “O you people! You eat garlic and onion. I think the odour of these to be very offensive. I saw that if the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) happened to find a man with such offensive odour in the mosque, he would order him to be taken out of the mosque and sent to Al-Baqi`. He who wants to eat any of these, should cook them till their odour dies out.
[Muslim].

Excellence of Cupbearer drinking Last

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 115
Excellence of Cupbearer drinking Last

773. Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who serves others with drinking water should be the last to drink himself.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

Prohibition of Eating two Date-fruits Simultaneously

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 105
Prohibition of Eating two Date-fruits Simultaneously

742. Jabalah bin Suhaim reported: We were with `Abdullah bin Az-Zubair (May Allah be pleased with them) in a time of famine, then we were provided with dates. (Once) when we were eating, `Abdullah bin `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) passed by us and said: “Do not eat two dates together, for Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) prohibited it, unless one seeks permission from his brother (partner).”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Undesirability of blowing into the Vessel while Drinking

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 113
Undesirability of blowing into the Vessel while Drinking

765. Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) prohibited us blowing in the drinking water. A man said: “O Messenger of Allah! Sometimes I see some litter floating about on the surface. What should I do then?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Pour them out.” Then the man said: “My thirst is not quenched with one draught.” Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Then put away the cup from your mouth (in between three gulps), and take breath.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

766. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) prohibited us from breathing into the drinking vessel or blowing onto.
[At-Tirmidhi].

Undesirability of Eating in a Reclining Posture

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 108
Undesirability of Eating in a Reclining Posture

746.  Abu Juhaifah  Wahb  bin `Abdullah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “I do not eat reclining (against a pillow).”
[Al-Bukhari].

747. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I saw Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) eating some dates while sitting on his buttocks, with his legs raised.
[Muslim].

Undesirability of Drinking directly from the mouth of a Water-Skin

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 112
Undesirability of Drinking directly from the mouth of a Water-Skin

762. Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) forbade turning the water-skin upside down and drinking directly from its mouth.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

763. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) prohibited drinking directly out of the mouth of a water-skin.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

764. Umm Thabit Kabshah (May Allah be pleased with her), daughter of Thabit (May Allah be pleased with him) and the sister of Hassan bin Thabit, the Prophet’s poet) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) visited me and drank some water from a hanging water-skin while he was in a standing posture. So, I stood up and cut off the mouth (of that water-skin). An-Nawawi said that the reason why she did this was to keep to receive benediction that part of the water-skin which the lips of Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) touched.
[At-Tirmidhi].

Eating from the Side of the Vessel

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 107
Eating from the Side of the Vessel

744. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Blessing descends upon food in its middle, so eat from the sides of the vessel and do not eat from its middle.”
[At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].

745. `Abdullah bin Busr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) had a large bowl called Al-Gharra’, which would be carried by four men. One day, when the Companions finished their Duha (forenoon optional) prayer, Al-Gharra’ was brought full of sopped bread, meat and broth, and they sat down around it. When their number increased, Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) sat down on his knees and rested on the soles of his feet. A bedouin said to him: “What sort of sitting is that?” Thereupon Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Verily, Allah has made me a courteous slave not a fierce tyrant.” Then he said, “Eat from the sides of the bowl and leave the central part of it so that your food will be blessed.”
[Abu Dawud].

Etiquette of Drinking Water

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 111
Etiquette of Drinking Water

757. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) used to breathe three times in the course of a drink (he used to drink in three gulps).
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

758. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Do not drink in one gulp like a camel, but in two or three (gulps). Mention the Name of Allah (i.e., say Bismillah) when you start drinking and praise Him (i.e., say Al-hamdu lillah) after you have finished (drinking).”
[At-Tirmidhi].

759. Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) forbade breathing into the vessel while drinking.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

760. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Milk mixed with water was brought to Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). On his right side was sitting a bedouin and on his left was sitting Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him). He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) drank from it and handed the rest to the bedouin saying, “One who is on the right has preference, then again the one who is on the right.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

761. Sahl bin Sa`d (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A drink was brought to Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and he drank (some) from it. On his right was a boy and on his left were some elderly people. He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to the boy, “Would you permit me to give rest of this drink to these on my left?’‘ The boy said: “O Messenger of Allah, I would certainly not give preference to anyone in anything that might come to me from you.” So he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) handed over the rest of the drink to him.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Permission to Drink while in a standing Posture

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 114
Permission to Drink while in a standing Posture

767. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: I served Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) Zamzam water to drink and he drank it while he was standing.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

768. An-Nazzal bin Sabrah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: `Ali bin Abu Talib (May Allah be pleased with him) arrived at Bab Ar-Rahbah (in Kufah) and drank water in a standing posture. Then he said: “I saw Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) doing what you have seen me doing.”
[Al-Bukhari].

769. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: During the lifetime of Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) we would eat while walking and would drink while standing.
[At-Tirmidhi].

770. `Amr bin Shu`aib on the authority of his father and grandfather reported: that they saw Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) drink standing, and sitting.
[At-Tirmidhi].

The last three Ahadith point out the permissibility of eating and drinking while walking or standing or sitting, but drinking in the sitting position remains the best.

771. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) forbade us from drinking while standing. Qatadah reported: “We asked him: `What about eating?”’ He said: “That is even worse, (or may be he said) more detestable.”

 Another narration is: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) reprimanded us for drinking while standing.
[Muslim].

772. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “None of you should drink standing; and if any one forgets, he must vomit.”
[Muslim].

Excellence of Eating with three Fingers and Licking them

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 109
Excellence of Eating with three Fingers and Licking them

748. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “When  one of you finishes eating, he should not wipe his fingers until he has licked them himself or has given them to someone else to lick for him.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

749. Ka`b bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I saw Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) eating with three fingers (i.e., the thumb, the index finger and the middle finger) and licking them after having finished the food.
[Muslim].

750. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) commanded the licking of fingers and the gleaning of the dish, saying, “You do not know in which portion the blessing lies.”
[Muslim].

751. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “When a morsel of any of you falls, he should pick it up and remove any of the dirt on it and then eat it, and should not leave it for Satan nor should wipe his hand with towel until he has licked his fingers, for he does not know in what portion of the food the blessing lies.”
[Muslim].

752. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Satan appears at every thing done by you; he appears even at one’s dinner. When a morsel of any of you falls, he should pick it up and remove any dirt on it, and then eat it. He should not leave it for Satan, nor should he wipe his hand with the towel until he has licked his fingers, for he does not know in what portion of the food the blessing lies.”
[Muslim].

753. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) ate food, he would lick his three fingers and say, “If anyone of you drops a morsel of food, he should remove any dirt that may have stuck on it and then eat it, and should not leave it for Satan.” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) also commanded us that we should glean the pot, saying, “You do not know in which part of your food the blessings lies.”
[Muslim].

754. Sa`id bin Al-Harith reported: I asked Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) whether it was obligatory to make Wudu’ for Salat (prayer) after eating cooked food. He said: “No, because in the lifetime of Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam), such food was rarely available. We had no handkerchiefs, so when we ate such food we would wipe our fingers against our palms, forearms or (the sole of our) feet, and would offer Salat without fresh Wudu’ (for prayer).”
[Al-Bukhari].