Carelessness of some Women concerning Travelling by Airplane without a Mahram – Shaykh Uthaymeen

There is a very regrettable thing with regard to this matter which is the carelessness of some women concerning travelling by airplane without a Mahram.

They are very negligent in this matter: One finds women travelling by airplane alone, and their justification for doing this is that they say that her Mahram escorted her in the airport from which the airplane took off and the other Mahram will meet her in the airport at which the airplane lands, and that in the airplane she is safe.

This justification is weak in reality, because the Mahram who accompanies her does not admit her onto the airplane, he only admits her to the departure lounge.

It may also be that the airplane is delayed in taking off and so this woman remains lost, or the airplane might take off and then be unable to land at the intended airport due to some reason or another, and so it lands at some other place, else and so this woman will be lost. Or, the airplane might land at the intended airport, but the Mahram who is supposed to meet her does not arrive due to one reason or another, such as illness, sleep or a car accident which prevents him from getting there, or something else.

Even if all of these things did not happen, and the airplane landed at the correct time of arrival and the Mahram who was supposed to meet her was present, there might be some man sitting next to her on the airplane who does not fear Allah, the Most High and does not respect the worshippers of Allah, and he might be attracted to her and she to him, which might lead to Fitnah (temptation, trial) and unlawful deeds, as is well known.

So, it is incumbent upon a woman to fear Allah, the Almighty, the All-Powerful and not to travel except with a Mahram. It is also incumbent upon women’s male guardians whom Allah has made protectors and maintainers of women to fear Allah, the Almighty, the Ail-Powerful, and to avoid being negligent to those they are Mahrim for, and losing their zeal and their religion, for a person is responsible for his family. Because Allah, the Most High has made them a trust for him; He, the Most High says:

“O you believe! Ward off yourselves and your families against a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded.”

Source :
Fatawa Arkanul-Islam – Fatawa on Hajj (Pilgrimage) Q.No 458
Islamic Verdicts on t he Pillars of Islam (Volume Two) – Prayer, Zakah, Fasting, Hajj
By the Honorable haikh Muhammad bin Salih Al- ‘Uthaimeen
Collected and Arranged by : Fahd bin Nasir bin Ibrahim As-Sulaiman , Dar-us-salam Publications

Menses & Fasting – Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen

It is unlawful for a menstruating woman to perform all types of fasting: obligatory or optional.

It is, however, obligatory to make up for the missed obligatory days of fasting as explained by ‘Aisha (رضي الله عنها):

“We passed through this (period of menstruation), and we were ordered to complete (i.e., compensate) the fasts but we were not ordered to complete the prayers” (agreed upon Hadeeth) [34].

If the woman encounters menses while fasting then her fasting is negated even if her blood flow occurs a moment before sunset. If this day is one of the prescribed days of fasting then she must make up for this day once she becomes clean. If on her day of fasting she feels she is about to have her menses but no blood flow actually occurs till after sunset, then her fasting is complete and is not negated in accordance with the right opinion about this matter.

This is because there is no ruling regarding blood inside the woman’s body and because the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) when asked:

“Is it necessary for a woman to take a bath after she has a wet dream (nocturnal sexual discharge)?”

he replied: “Yes, if she notices a discharge.” [35]

So, he (صلى الله عليه و سلم) conditioned the ruling upon the actual seeing of the discharge and not upon its transfer (from inside-out). Similarly in the case of Haid, the ruling applies once there is an actual seeing of discharge.

Case: If a woman’s period continues till after dawn (Fajr), then no fasting will be acceptable from her on this day even if she becomes clean moments after dawn.

Case: If she becomes clean before Fajr and she fasted, then her fasting is correct even though she may have not taken her cleaning bath till after Fajr time. This is the same as in the case of the person who has Jannabah. If he (she) intends to fast and did not take his (her) bath until after Fajr, then his (her) fasting on this day is correct. This is in accordance with the Hadeeth of ‘Aisha (رضي الله عنها) who said that:

“The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to get up in a state of Jannabah (after sexual relations with his wives) and fast during the month of Ramadan.” [36]

Footnotes:

[33] Ibin Taymeeyah in Al-Fatawa (religious decrees) V. 26, P. 191.
[34] The text is from Saheeh Muslim, V.1, P. 191.
[35] Saheeh Al-Bukhari (Arabic-English) V.1, P. 171-2, Hadeeth # 280.
[36] Aisha (رضي الله عنها) said: “The dawn broke upon the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) during the Ramadan in a state of Jannabah not becuase of sexual dream

***

Question 10:

Suppose a woman becomes clean from her menses before Salat Al-Fajr but she took her bath after the commencement of the Salat time, and fasted that day. Is her fasting correct?

Answer by Shaykh Uthaymeen:

If a woman becomes clean during the month of Ramadan one minute before the commencement of the prescribed time of Salat Al-Fajr, then she must fast that day and her fasting is correct and it is not mandatory upon her to make up the fast because she fasted while she was clean even though she did not take her bath till after the rise of Fajr. This is similar to the case when a man has a wet dream or in a state of Jannabah. He can have his Suhor (meal before Fajr), fast and take his bath after Fajr.

I want to caution some women who may think that if they get their menses after breaking the fast and before Isha’ then their fasting was incorrect. This understanding is wrong. Their fasting is correct and complete even if they get their respective periods one moment after sunset (Maghrib).

***

Question 6:

A woman has reached sixty five years of age. She did not give birth to any child during the last nineteen years. For the past three years she had continuous bleeding. What should she do for fasting and what should women like her do (regarding Salat and Fasting)?

Answer by Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen:

This type of woman should refrain from fasting and Salat during the time of her regular cycle of menses. If for example she used to have her normal period of menses during the first six days of the month, then she should refrain from fasting and praying during the first six days of each month. Once that is done, she should take a bath and perform Salat and fast.

As to the how she offers her Salat, she should wash her private part real well and apply a pad to it and make ablution. She does this at the time of the obligatory prayers. She could also do the same for the optional prayers at times other than the times of the obligatory prayers.

Because of the difficulty encountered by such woman, it is allowable for her to combine (but not shorten) the Thuhr with the ‘Asr prayer (and pray either at time of Thuhr or at time of ‘Asr) and the Maghrib with the Isha’ (and pray either at time of Maghrib or at time of Isha’). This way she can do this type of preparation for her Salat three times (including one for Fajr prayer) instead of five times a day. She can perform optional prayers based upon her ablution for either of the combined prayers.

Question 5:

What should a woman do when she does not make up for the days she did not fast in Ramadan due to her menses?

Answer by Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen:

It is regrettable for something like this to happen amongst the believing women. This is either due to ignorance or laziness and both reasons are wrong! because the cure for ignorance is to ask those who know and the cure for laziness is the fear of Allah and His punishment. So a woman who may have done this should sincerely repent to Allah and seek His forgiveness. She should also try her best to find out the number of days she missed and make up for it. I ask Allah to accept the repentance of such women.

Source[eBook] Natural Blood of Women – Shaykh Uthaymeen – Dr Saleh As-Saleh

Experiencing Istihadah during the daytime in Ramadan – Permanent Committee

The second question of Fatwa no. 6495

Q: What is the ruling on the blood that comes out of a woman outside the menstrual or post-partum period? Should she make up later for the days in which she experiences such blood during the daytime of Ramadan? 

A: All praise be to Allah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allah, his family and Companions.

If the blood referred to above comes out of her during the daytime in Ramadan and it is not menstrual blood or postpartum blood, she is obliged to observe Sawm (Fasting) and Salah (Prayer).

She must not stop observing Sawm or Salah, and she does not need to make up later for the days in which she observed Sawm and Salah while having Istihadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period). 

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Source: Fatwas of the Permanent Committee

Posted fromhttp://www.alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=34&PageNo=1&BookID=10

Obligation of paying Zakah on jewelry that is worn, intended to be worn, or borrowed – Imam Ibn Baz

Q: It is known that the scholars disagree as to whether it is obligatory to pay Zakah (obligatory charity) on jewelry that is worn, intended to be worn, or borrowed.What is Your Eminence’s opinion on this issue? Supposing that it is obligatory to pay Zakah on them, is there a Nisab (the minimum amount on which Zakah is due) for this? If there is a Nisab, it seems from the Hadith that indicate the obligation of giving Zakah on jewelry – where the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) warned against the punishment of Fire awaiting those who do not pay the Zakah – that there is no Nisab. How is this resolved? [1]

A: There is a famous controversy among the scholars as to whether it is obligatory to pay Zakah on gold and silver jewelry that is worn, intended to be worn, or borrowed. The preponderant opinion is that it is obligatory, according to the general evidence on the obligation of Zakah on gold and silver.

It was also authentically reported that `Abdullah ibn `Amr ibn Al-`As (may Allah be pleased with them both) said: A woman came to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) with her daughter, on whose hand were two heavy bangles of gold. He (peace be upon him) asked, “Do you pay Zakah on these?” She said, “No.” He (peace be upon him) said, “Would it please you if Allah were to encircle you on the Day of Resurrection with two bracelets of Fire because of them?” She threw them down and said, “They are (I have given them away) for the sake of Allah and His Messenger.” [2]

It was also authentically reported from Um Salamah (may Allah be pleased with her) that she was wearing some gold ornaments, so she asked, “O Messenger of Allah! Is this Kanz (hoarded wealth, the Zakah of which has not been paid)?” He (peace be upon him) said, “Anything that reaches the amount at which Zakah is payable and its Zakah is paid is not considered Kanz.” [3] The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not tell her that there is no Zakah on jewelry.

All these Hadith refer to jewelry that reach the Nisab, when they are combined with other evidence, as Hadith explain one another just as Qur’anic Ayahs (verses) explain one another, and also Hadith explain Ayahs and make their generality specific and their absoluteness limited, because all of them are revelation from Allah (Glorified be He). Whatever comes from Allah is not contradictory; in fact they confirm and explain one another.

Therefore, it is necessary that a Hawl (one lunar year calculated from the time a property reaches the minimum amount upon which Zakah is due) must be completed (on jewelry) as is the case with other categories of Zakah wealth, such as money, commercial commodities, and livestock. May Allah grant us success.

[1] This was published in the book entitled “Tuhfat Al-Ikhwan” by His Eminence, p. 145; and Al-Da`wah magazine, issue no. 1519, dated 8/7/1416 A.H.

[2] Al-Nasa’y, Sunan, Book on Zakah, no. 2479; Abu Dawud, Sunan, Book on Zakah, no. 1563; and Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 2, p. 204.

[3] Narrated by Abu Dawud in Book on Zakah, Chapter on what is treasure & Zakah on jewelry, no. 1563; and Al-Nasa’y in Book on Zakah, Chapter on Zakah on jewelry, no. 2479.

Fatwas of Ibn Baz > Volume 14 > Book of Zakah > Chapter on Zakah on gold and silver > Obligation of paying Zakah on jewelry that is worn, intended to be worn, or borrowed

http://www.alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=2556&PageNo=1&BookID=14

The Use of Haid-Inhibitors (Period delaying Pills) and Stimulants (Period advancing Pills) – Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen

The Use of Haid (Menses) Inhibitors is permissible under two conditions:

FIRST: There is no associated harm on the woman. Because Allah (subhana wa ta’aala) said:

( { ولا تُلقُوا بأيديكُم إلى التَّهلُكَة } (البقرة، 195
“And do not throw yourselves in destruction” (Qur’an 2: 195).

( { ولا تَقتُلوا أنفُسَكُم إنَّ الله آانَ بكم رحيماً } (النِّساء، 29
“And do not kill yourselves surely Allah is Most Merciful to you” (Qur’an 4: 29)

SECOND: If its use affects the husband in one way or another, then his permission should be first sought. For example, if a woman is going through her Idda and the husband is obligated to spend upon her, then she is not allowed to prolong her Idda (by using Haid inhibitors) in order that she can receive more of his spending. She should request his permission. Similarly it is not permissible to use such inhibitors without the husband’s approval if it is known that the inhibitors will prevent her becoming pregnant. It is better not to use these inhibitors except under the above conditions and when there is a real need for that, because leaving the matter as natural as possible is better for the balance of health and safety of the woman.

The Use of Haid (Menses) Stimulants is permissible under two conditions:

FIRST: There must be no abuse of its use. For example, to excuse herself from certain mandatory acts of worship like using stimulants right before the month of Ramadan so as to be excused from fasting or from prayers.

SECOND: The use of stimulants must be permitted by the husband because the presence of Haid prevents him from having full enjoyment with his wife. Also, if she was divorced, then this will quickly drop off the husband’s right of returning her because it will hasten the end of her Idda. This applies to the case when the declared divorce is of the type known as Revocable Divorce in which the husband has the right to return his wife before the end of her Idda.

Questions & Answers
Haid Inhibitors

Q1: What is the ruling regarding on the use of Haid-inhibitory pills during the month of Ramadan?

As long as there is no harm in their use and as long as the husband permits this, then it is permissible to use these pills.

However, it came to my knowledge that these measures can harm the woman, especially when it is known that the release of blood by menses is a natural process. To prevent this natural way may cause certain harm to the woman.

Also the use of these pills can effect the regulation of the periodical cycle itself and that leaves her in doubt and confusion regarding the offering of her prayer and whether she is able to have sexual intercourse with her husband or not.

Because of this and other associated reasons, I cannot say that the use of these pills is unlawful but I do not like it and do not encourage it. I say that the woman should accept what Allah had ordained for her and should consider the answer of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) to his wife ‘Aisha when she had her menses after she made Ihram for Umra. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) asked ‘Aisha: “May be that you got your menses?”. ‘Aisha replied, “Yes”. He (صلى الله عليه و سلم) then said,”This is the thing which Allah has ordained for all the daughters of Adam” [62]. The woman should then be patient and seek the reward from Allah. If she is unable to perform Salat and fasting because of her menses, the door is still opened for her to celebrate the praises of Allah, give charity and do good to people and such acts are great acts of worship.

[62] Saheeh Al-Bukhari (Arabic-English) V.1, P. 182, Hadeeth # 302.

Posted from : [eBook] Natural Blood of Women – Shaykh Uthaymeen – Translated by Dr Saleh As-Saleh

Rulings on Istihadah (Bleeding other than Menstruation) – Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen

Chapter Five – ISTIHADAH

ISTIHADAH is the vaginal bleeding of a woman such that it may not stop or it may stop but for a short period of time (a day or two in each month).

1) Bleeding that does not stop: ‘Aisha (radyAllaahu ‘anha) related that: “Fatimah bint Abi Hubaish said to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم): “I do not become clean (i.e., bleeding is not ending) and in one narration “I got persistent bleeding (in between the periods) and I do not become clean” [49].

2) Bleeding that stops for a short period of time: Humnah bint Jahsh came to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) and said: “My menstruation was great in quantity and severe“[50].

Several States of Istihadah

ONE: The woman has a known period of normal cycles of menses prior to Istihadah. The woman in this case refers to her previously known period of menses and during this period she applies all the rules regarding Salat, Fasting etc. Bleeding in days other than this reference period is considered as Istihadah with all associated rules being applicable.

Example: A woman used to get normal bleeding for six days at the beginning of each month. She then started to have prolonged bleeding. For this woman her Haid (Menses) period should be the “first six days of every month”.

The following extra vaginal bleeding is her Istihadah. This is in accordance with the Hadeeth of ‘Aisha (radyAllaahu ‘anha) who narrated that: “Fatimah bint Abi Hubaish asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم): “I got persistent bleeding (in between the periods) and do not become clean. Shall I give up prayers? He (صلى الله عليه و سلم) replied: No, this is from a blood vessel. Give up the prayers only for the days on which you usually get the menses and then take a bath and offer your prayers“[51].

And in Saheeh Muslim, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) told Umm Habeebah bint Jahsh who had a prolonged flow of blood to “refrain (from prayer) during your menstrual period, then wash and pray” [52]. Having done this she should pray and pay attention to any flowing blood.

TWO: The woman does not have a known period of normal cycles of menses prior to Istihadah. To be able to distinguish between her blood from normal menses and her Istihadah blood, she should watch for some characteristics of these two types of blood. Haid blood may be characterized by thickness, darkness or certain distinct odor.

Example: a woman sees a continuous blood flow but she sees it dark for the first ten days and red for the rest of the month. Or it looks thick for the first ten days and soft for the rest of the month, or for the first ten days it has the characteristic odor of Haid blood and it becomes odorless for the rest of the month. So her Haid period is the dark blood flow for the first example, the thick blood for the second and the one with the distinct odor for the third. The bleeding that follows is considered Istihadah. It is related that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) told Fatimah bint Abi Jahsh: “When the blood of menses comes, it is black and can be recognized; so when that comes, refrain from prayer, but when a different type of blood comes, perform ablution and pray, for it is (due only to) a vein.” [53]

THREE: The woman does not have a known period of Haid and lacks the distinctive characteristics mentioned above!. Blood flow is continuous carrying the same quality or flowing with abnormal qualities that make it hard to distinguish the Haid bleeding from that of the Istihadah bleeding. In this case, women encountering this prolonged and undetermined type of flow should consider their Haid period to be the period encountered by most women: 6-7 days of Haid flow per month, starting from the time she sees the flowing blood. Other than this period, the blood flowing should be considered as Istihadah.

Example: A woman sees her blood for the first time on the fifth day of the month and it continues to flow while she is unable to distinguish any difference in color, odor or thickness of blood. Her Haid period should be six or seven days starting on the fifth day of each month. This is in lieu of the Hadeeth of Hamnah bint Jahsh (radyAllaahu ‘anha). She said: “O Messenger of Allah I am a woman who menstruates in great quantity and it is severe, so what do you think about it? It has prevented me from praying and fasting”. He (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: “I recommend that you should use cotton, put it on your private part, for it absorbs the blood. She replied: “It is too copious for that…” In this Hadeeth, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said: “This is a stroke of the devil, so observe your menses for six or seven days, Allah alone knows which it should be; then wash and when you see that you are purified, and quite clean, pray during twenty three or twenty four days and nights and fast, for that will be enough for you.” [54]

The saying of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) “for six or seven days” is not meant to give Hamnah bint Jahsh the choice but just for her to examine and find out who (amongst other women) is closer to her in age, body structure, number of children, etc. the woman that mostly resembles her condition has a Haid period of six days, then she should consider this period as her reference. The same is true if the Haid period was seven days.

The One Who Resembles The Mustahadah

It is possible that something (e.g. surgery) may cause the flow of blood through the vagina. There are two types of this case:

(1) It is not possible for her to have menses following surgery e.g. removal of the uterus or its blockage. Under this case, the ruling of Istihadah cannot be applicable. If the woman sees blood, then the laws governing the yellowish discharge (see above) apply. Hence she should not refrain from performing prayers or fasting. It is not prohibited for her husband to have sexual intercourse with her and it is not obligatory upon her to have a bath. She must, however, wash, clean, and make ablution at the commencing time of the obligatory prayers and when she intends to offer the optional prayers.

(2) It is not certain that her menses will stop following surgery. It is possible that she may have menses. In this case the rulings applicable on a Mustahadah (woman going through Istihadah) are also applicable on this condition in lieu of the Hadeeth of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) to Fatimah bint Abi Hubaish: “It is from a blood vessel, so when the real menses begins give up your prayers and when it (the period) has finished wash the blood off your body (have a full shower) and offer your prayers.”[55] The saying of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم): “when the real menses begins” indicates that the rules for the Mustahadah woman are applicable upon the woman who, potentially, may have menses (with a beginning and an end). The woman, however, without a potentially occurring menses, her blood is a vessel blood.

Rulings About The Mustahadah

Earlier it was explained when the blood is considered a menses (Haid) blood or Istihadah blood. The rulings applicable for menses and Istihadah depend upon the type of the flowing blood. Rulings about menses were discussed earlier. The rulings about Istihadah are the same as those applicable to a clean woman except for the following:

1) It is obligatory upon the Mustahadah to perform Ablution for each prayer, because of the order of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) to Fatimah bint Abi Hubaish: “Then make Ablution for every Salat” [56], meaning that she should make ablution only when the prescribed time of Salat begins and not before it.

2) Prior to ablution she should wash the traces of blood and covers her private part with a pad of cotton to absorb the blood. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) told Humnah bint Jahsh:

“I recommend that you should use cotton, for it absorbs blood.” She said: “it is too copious for that”. He (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said; “then take a cloth.” She replied, “it is too copious for that.” He said: “then Talaj’jami” i.e., to prepare a holding around the waist that will maintain the cotton pad tightly attached to her private part. Nothing that comes out should then harm her because the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) told Fatimah bint Hubaish: “Refrain from Salat during the days of your normal menses then wash and make ablution for every Salat and then pray “even if blood drops onto the mat!” (Related by Imam Ahmad and Ibn Majah).

(3) Sexual Intercourse: Scholars disagreed about its permissibility. The correct opinion is that it is permissible because many women (ten or more) had their Istihadah at the time of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم). Allah and His Messenger did not prevent spouses from engaging in sexual intercourse. In fact, the saying of Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) :

( { فاعتَزِلُوا النِّساء في المَحيض } الأية (البقرة، 222
“Keep away from women during menses”
(Qur’an 2: 222),

is an evidence that it is only obligatory to keep away from sexual intercourse with women only during menses. And since offering prayers is allowed while in Istihadah, then there should be no difficulty in having sexual intercourse. To prevent sexual intercourse based upon Qiyass (analogy) with the state of Haid is incorrect, because the two situations are not the same. Deduction of rulings by Qiyass is invalid whenever there are existing variations.

Footnotes:

[50] Related by Ahmad, Abu-Dawoud, and At-Tirmidhi who said it is Saheeh (correct Hadeeth). It is also related that Imam Ahmad considered the Hadeeth to be Saheeh and that Imam Al-Bukhari is reported to have said it is good Hadeeth.
[51] Saheeh Al-Bukhari (Arabic-English) V.1, P.194, Hadeeth # 322.
[52] Saheeh Muslim (English), V. 1, P.189, Hadeeth # 654.
[53] Related by Abu Dawoud and An-Nassaa’ee, Ibin Habban and Al-Hakim said it is Saheeh. This author said: “although there are critical views regarding the chain of narrators and the interpretation of this Hadeeth, it had been a practical reference for some Muslim scholars and it is a better reference than referring to the average period encountered by most women (six or seven days).”
[54] ibid # 51
[55] Saheeh Al-Bukhari (Arabic-English), V.1, P.183, Hadeeth # 303
[56] Saheeh Al-Bukhari (Arabic-English) V.1, P. 149, Hadeeth # 228

Posted from : [eBook] Natural Blood of Women – Shaykh Uthaymeen – Dr Saleh As-Saleh

Menses and Dhikr of Allaah & Recitation of the Qur’an – Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen

Case: During Menses, it is not unlawful to celebrate Allah’s Praises (Saying Takbeer, Tasbeeh, and Tahmeed),[29] saying Bismillah before acting upon something (eating, drinking, etc..), reading Hadeeth, Islamic discussions, invocation upon Allah (Dua’), and listening to the recitation of Qur’an.

It has been confirmed by ‘Aisha (radhi Allaahu anha) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to: “lean on my lap and recite Qur’an while I was in menses” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim).[30]

Also Umm ‘Atiyya reported that she heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) saying: “The Unmarried young virgins and the mature girl who stay often screened or the young unmarried virgins who often stayscreened and the menstruating women should come out and participate in the good deeds as well as the religious gathering of the faithful believers but the menstruating women should keep away from the Musalla (praying place).” [31]

Case: The reciting of the Qur’an by a menstruating woman either via direct looking or silently (in her heart) without the actual uttering by the tongue is permissible.

The majority of the scholars are with the opinion that it is not prohibited for her to utter the Qur’anic recitation. Imam Bukhari, Ibn Jareer At- Tabaree and Ibn Al-Munthir, Imam Malik, and Imam Ash-Shaafi’ee (in one of his earlier sayings) are with the opinion that it is permissible for her to recite the Ayah (verse in the Qur’an).

Shayekul Islam Ibn Taymeeyah said: “Basically, there is no Sunnah to prevent her from reciting Qur’an. The “hadeeth” that: “A menstruating woman and the one who is in state of Jannabah [32] should not recite anything of the Qur’an”, is a weak hadeeth as agreed upon by the knowledgeable scholars of Hadeeth.

In fact women at the time of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to have their monthly cycles of menses.Had the recitation of Qur’an been prohibited for them (as it is the case with Salat) then the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) would have made it clear to his Ummah (Islamic community) and his wives would have known about it and they would have dissipated this knowledge to the people. Because no one had related a prohibition by the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) about this issue, then it cannot be made unlawful especially when it is known that he (صلى الله عليه و سلم) did not prohibit it at the time when menses was very much present.

Accordingly, recitation by the tongue is not Haram (legally unlawful).[33] This author said: “having known the dispute between the scholars about this matter, then it is more proper for the menstruating woman not to recite Qur’an by the tongue except when it is necessary e.g. if she is a teacher or if she is preparing for an exam.”

Footnotes:

[29] Takbeer: saying Allahu Akbar (Allah is The Greatest); Tasbeeh: saying Subhana Allah (Most Glorified is Allah); Tahmeed: saying Al Hamdulil’lah: All Praise is due to Allah.
[30] Saheeh Al-Bukhari (Arabic-English) V.1, P.179, Hadeeth # 296.
[31] Agreed upon Hadeeth. In Saheeh Al-Bukhari (Arabic- English), V. 1, P. 192, Hadeeth # 321.
[32] Jannabah: Is the state in which a man (or a woman) has sexual discharge during sexual intercourse or in a dream, etc. In this state a Muslim is not allowed to pray or do other kinds of worships unless and until he (she) performs Ghusl (have a full shower) or do Tayammum if he/she cannot use water for any reason.
[33] Ibin Taymeeyah in Al-Fatawa (religious decrees) V. 26, P. 191.

Source : [eBook] Natural Blood of Women – Shaykh Uthaymeen – Translated by Dr Saleh As-Saleh

Free Mixing and crowding on the buses/trains/undergrounds – Imam Ibn Uthaymeen

Scholar: Imâm Muhammad bin Sâlih bin ´Uthaymîn
Source: http://www.ibnothaimeen.com/all/noor/…
Translation and Video by  aFatwa.com (site is down)

Question: In our country the means of transport are in groups and mixed and sometimes touching some women might occur accidentally or unwillingly in result to the crowding, so are we sinful upon that? And what do we do when we don’t have any other way (in transport) and we are in need of it?

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymîn: What is obligatory upon the man is to avoid touching women meaning to crowd (women) where his body touches/attaches to their bodies even behind a barrier. As that is a call to fitna and the human is not infallible, as he could see himself to be cautious regarding these matters and not being affected by it however;

Shaytân circulates in the body of a son of Adam as his blood circulates in it.” (Bukhârî).

So perhaps he makes a move that will corrupt his way. Therefore, if the human is compelled into this like a necessity that is inevitable and he is diligent knowing that he will not be affected (by the fitna) then I hope that there’s no harm upon him. However in my opinion I think that he is not forced into this an inevitable necessity as he can look for a place that is not near a woman even if he stood up . And by that he will get rid of this matter that will bring fitna. And what is an obligation is that he fears Allâh Almighty the best way he can and not belittle these matters. And we also hope from those who organize the means of transportation to make a specific place for women so men cannot reach them.

Check Othershttps://salaf-us-saalih.com/category/islam/free-mixing/

How The Believing Woman should utilize Her Time – Owais al Hashimi [Audio|En]

How The Believing Woman should utilize Her Time | Owais al Hashimi

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 1:33:15)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2015/04/how-the-believing-woman-should-utilize-her-time-owais-al-hashimi.mp3]

An Excellent timely reminder by our brother and teacher Abu Abdillaah Owais al-Hashimi where he highlights the importance of how a believing female must utilize her time, along with some practical advice according to the Quran and Sunnah.

May Allaah bless him.

Sisters on line Conference 8.11.2014

Posted with Permission- https://soundcloud.com/dawatulmuminaat

Can a Woman get Married without a Wali (Guardian) ? – Imam Ibn Uthaymeen

Scholar: Allamah Imam Muhammad bin Salih bin Uthaymin
Source: ibnothaimeen.com/all/noor/article_6493.shtml
Video by: aFatwa.com (site is down)

Question: Is it permissible for the virgin woman who has no wali (guardian) or without his presence to marry herself off or not? And is there in this ruling a difference between a virgin or a previously married whether divorced or widowed?

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymin: It is not permissible for the woman to marry herself off or others whether she is a virgin or previously married.

And that is because Allâh, Glorified and Exalted, has made the contract of marriage in the hands of other than the woman as He said:

{And do not marry polytheistic women}
(The Qur’ân, interpretation of the meaning 2:221)

In men He said

{And do not let marry polytheistic men}
(The Qur’ân, interpretation of the meaning 2:221)

and He added that the marriage is for the husband himself but with the women He said:

{And do not let marry polytheistic men [to your women] until they believe.}
(The Qur’ân, interpretation of the meaning 2:221)

So He made the marriage in the hands of other than the woman and He, Glorified and Exalted, said:

{Do not prevent them from remarrying their [former] husbands if they agree among themselves on an acceptable basis.}
(The Qur’ân, interpretation of the meaning 2:232)

And from the narration of the Prophet, peace & blessings of Allâh be upon him:

There’s no marriage without a wali (guardian).” (Bukhâri)

So that is the proof of the narration that there’s no other option for the woman than with a guardian marrying her off.

As from the point of view then the woman is deficient in intellect and religion as she is limited in thinking and she is also weak in religion and I say this from the narration of the Messenger of Allâh, peace & blessings of Allâh be upon him:

I have not seen anyone more deficient in intellect and religion than you. A cautious sensible man can be led astray by some of you.” (Bukhâri)

And from the saying of Allâh Almighty:

{Men are in charge of women by [right of] what Allâh has given one over the other and what they spend [for maintenance] from their wealth.}
(The Qur’ân, interpretation of the meaning 4:34)

And if it wasn’t for the deficiency of the woman then a man would not be in charge of her but rather in the âyah:

{by [right of] what Allâh has given one over the other}
(The Qur’ân, interpretation of the meaning 4:34)

So if the woman was in such description, as the Qur’ân and Sunnah indicated, from deficiency of intellect and religion then she is in need of a guiding guardian who knows the appropriate/capable and knows the interests of marriage and knows who the woman is for him until he decides to marry her off or refrain (from such). This is why there should be a guardian for the woman to marry her off within the known requirements to the people of knowledge.

And the woman shall not marry herself off whether she is a virgin or previously married. However, there is an issue that should be noted/addressed which is that a woman must be asked for permission and consent whether she was a virgin or previously married and whether the one who marries her off is her father or anyone else. And the most correct saying is that it is not permissible for the man to marry his daughter off or anyone else until she agrees upon that husband and gives permission.

However, if she is a virgin then her permission is enough by being silence and if she stated/uttered to agree then that is better/complete however being silent is enough. And if she is previously married then she must state (speak) to agree and says ‘Yes’ that she agrees to marry this man.

And as for the guardian whether it is the father or anyone else, he must describe the suitor to the woman with a description that will take her to know him (suitor). So he does not say ‘do you want me to marry you to such’ until he clarifies to her the situation of this man and his description because as much as the man wants in a woman in beauty and righteousness, a woman wants this too in a man in beauty and righteousness. Therefore the man must clarify to the woman whose permission is sought (for marriage) in a way which takes her to know him but vagueness will not lead to the goal. Of course if the woman trusts fully her guardian and will suffice with what her guardian sees and she asked for example ‘are you happy/convinced with him (the suitor)’ in regards to his religion and to his manners then this would suffice if she trusts him and she is pleased with what he (guardian) is pleased with.

Supporting the rights of the believing women : Umm Salamah (Sh Muqbil’s wife) – Abu Muhammad al Maghribi [Audio|En]

supporting-the-rights-of-the-believing-women

Part 01 – Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 51:36)

Part 02 – Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 44:36)

Part 031 – Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 43:09)

Below is the introduction by the major scholar Ash-Shaykh Muqbil Bin Haadee Al-Waadi’ee Rahimahullaah.

“I am familiar with what the author, Umm Salamah bint ‘Alee Al-‘Abaasee has written entitled Al-Intisaaru li Huqooqee al- Mu’minaat (supporting the rights of the believing women). I found it to be a beneficial book, as it contains verses from the Book of Allah and traditions from the Messenger of Allaah, sallallahu alayhi wa sallam. The Qur’aan and the Sunnah are beneficial knowledge. Whoever does not seek guidance from then will not find guidance in anything else as our Lord subhaanahu wa ta’ala says:

”In what other speech except Allah and His proofs will you believe?” (sooratul-Jaathiyyah 45:6)

She performed a great duty in selecting the topic of the believing women’s rights. Many people are neglectful in this area, or they leave it off altogether. Therefore, she reminded the fathers, close male family members, and husbands about what Allah has made obligatory upon them, as well as what He has strongly suggested for them to do. Allaah subhaanahu wa ta’ala says:

”Oh you who believe, save yourselves and your family from a fire which is fueled by men and stones.”  (sooratut-Tahreem 66:6)

Verily in the author are gathered some praiseworthy traits: these include abstaining from worldly pleasures, exemplary character, spreading beneficial knowledge, and not wasting her time. She spends her time by herself in the women’s library, substitute teaching for Umm ‘Abdillaah Al-Waadi’iyyah when she is absent, and effective lecturing.

Verily the islamic community is in great need of righteous women who can care for their Muslim sisters so that the corrupted and corrupting callers do not lead them astray. The wives of the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam as well as the female companions played a major role in spreading the prophetic traditions.

In conclusion, I advise the author and her sisters to make a great effort in spreading beneficial knowledge from the Noble Qur’aan, the prophetic traditions, and the ‘Arabic Language, to become knowledgable in Allaah’s Religion, to place an importance on spreading that knowledge by writing and inviting to Allaah, and teaching the ignorant women. If Allaah guides one woman by your hand, it is better for you than a red camel.

May Allah firmly establish us all on what He loves and pleases Him.

Aboo ‘Abdir-Rahmaan Muqbil bin Haadee Al-Waadi’ee.

Points of Advice for our Sisters – Abu Muhammad Al-Maghribi [Audio|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 1:11:23)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/points-of-advice-for-our-sisters-abu-muhammad-al-maghribi.mp3]

Women And Their Role In Rectifying Society – Abu Muhammad Al-Maghribi [Audio|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 2:01:23)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/women-and-their-role-in-rectifying-society-abu-muhammad-al-maghribi.mp3]

Oh Believing Women Do You Know The Way To Jannah – Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee [Audio|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 55:49)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/oh-believing-women-do-you-know-the-way-to-jannah-abu-muhammad-al-maghribi.mp3]

Fasting – Women Issues – FAQ – Dr. Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Women Issues – Menses

FAQ – Fasting – Menses – Start During the Fasting Day 1:41

FAQ – Fasting – Menses – Stop at Fajr – Stop During the Day 1:14

FAQ – Fasting – Menses at Time of Seeking Laylatul Qadr 4:50

FAQ – Fasting – Menses Inhibitor 5:06

FAQ – Fasting – Menses Irregular – 2 Questions 2:55

FAQ – Fasting – Menses Start at Time of Adhan of Maghrib 1:15

Women Issues – Pregnancy – Nursing

FAQ – Fasting – Miscarriage – Human Features Present or Absent 2:24

FAQ – Fasting – Postpartum – Getting Benefits from Ramadan 0:45

FAQ – Fasting – Postpartum and Nursing – Breading the Fast – 4:04

FAQ – Fasting – Pregnancy – Bleeding During Pregnancy 1:57

FAQ – Fasting – Pregnancy – Nursing – Making Up 5:19

FAQ – Fasting – Ultra Sound Examination 1:34

Women – Other Issues

FAQ – Fasting – i3tikaaf for Women – Seclusion is Not Done at Home 3:53

FAQ – Fasting – Women and Taraweeh 1:37

FAQ – Fasting – Women Sad Because They Cannot Fast 1:31

Woman Disposing her Wealth without the Permission of her Husband – Shaykh Al Albaani

[43] Question: Is it permissible for a woman to freely dispose of her own money without the permission of her husband? And what if she knows prior to that, that her husband does not agree with her disposing of her money, even if it is for charity? And also, what about giving away her jewelry which she bought with her own money, without his permission. What is the ruling concerning this?

Answer: The ruling on this matter is clear from the hadeeth of the Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam:

“It is not permissible for a woman to freely dispose of her wealth except with the permission of her husband.”

This is a hasan saheeh hadeeth, hasan by itself and saheeh based on its various routes of narration. And as for all the reports that it is thought present a contradiction to this hadeeth, then it is not correct to rely on that or claim that they contradict the hadeeth.

As for the hadeeth in which the women gave their rings and earrings away in charity, as is reported in the Saheeh, then this has been responded to from many different angles:

One of them is that it was probable that these charitable donations were given with the permission form the husbands of these women. And it is also possible that this event occurred before this ruling that occurs in the hadeeth became firmly established.

So due to this, we advise every Muslim woman that adheres to acting on the Qur’aan and the Sunnah to not give away from her wealth without the permission of her husband. This is because it will be a cause and a reason for the occurrence of disputes between the couple, and the end result of that will be very bad.

But in the case where a husband is mean and oppressive to his wife (by not granting her permission), she can take her case to the legal jurisdiction. And this is especially the case since today, the legal jurisdictions are in favor of the women. And in a more particular example, in cases like these, all of the judges are in agreement that the woman may freely dispose of her money without the permission of her husband. So if the matter is taken up to the court and the judge rules that this action was a violation on the part of the husband to his wife and he rules that she can give away her money, (she may do so). But if her husband objects and holds that by her doing so, she will be squandering money, at that point the judge can prevent her because, even though he bases it on the rule that it is allowed for her to spend from her wealth, he can not permit her to give away in charity that which is considered excessiveness and a squandering of money. And Allaah knows best.

[Al-Asaalah, Issue #19]

Fataawaa of Shaikh Al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah)
From Al-Asaalah Magazine Issues 1-21, Translated and Arranged by: Isma’eel Alarcon

It is not permissible for a girl’s guardian to force her into marriage – Shaykh al-Albaani

[45] Question: If a girl has reached the proper age for getting married, can her guardian force her to get married?

Answer: It is not permissible for the guardian of a girl’s affairs to force her into getting married. So if the girl has not reached the proper age and has been forced into marriage, she can look for a way to dissolve this marriage after having reached the age of comprehension and maturity.

This is because there was a girl that was forced into marriage during the time of the Messenger of Allaah, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. After the marriage, she went to the Messenger, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and said to him: “O Messenger of Allaah! My father has married me to a man that I dislike, in order to raise his own status.” So the Messenger, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, nullified her marriage.

Due to this, it is not permissible for a girl’s guardian to force her into marriage, regardless if she is a girl who has reached the legitimate age (of marriage) or she is divorced or she was married and then lost her husband. Rather it is only required of him to direct her towards what is most beneficial for her in her affairs of this world and the hereafter.

The Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘ alayhi wa sallam, said: “There is no marriage except with (the permission of) a guardian and (the presence of) two trustworthy witnesses.” And he, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, also said: “Do not force your women (to get married), but rather get their consent.” And he, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “Her silence is her consent.”

These are etiquettes and conditions that must be adhered to. However, at times there occurs something that opposes the Divine Legislation, such as when the father prevents his daughter and delays her marriage because of a materialistic ambition. Or because the man proposing marriage to her is poor, and due to this, his status will not be elevated. And so the girl remains without a husband. In this situation, the Divine Legislation has permitted her to marry herself because the Messenger, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, has said:

“Any woman that marries herself without the permission of her guardian, then her marriage is invalid, her marriage is invalid, her marriage is invalid. But if they differ, then the authoritative figure (sultaan) is the guardian of one who has no guardian.”

Therefore, this girl – whose father has prevented her marriage due to an obvious materialistic reason – she can take her case to a legitimate judge. So he will investigate the guardian of the girl’s affairs and interrogate him as to the reason why he is preventing her (from getting married). So if he hears a legitimate reason from him, such as that the man intending marriage is an innovator or he doesn’t pray or that he drinks alcohol, then the judge cannot oppose him in this. But if he hears illegitimate reasons from him, then at that point, the judge can assume guardianship of her marriage.

[Al-Asaalah, Issue #6]

Fataawaa of Shaikh Al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah)
From Al-Asaalah Magazine Issues 1-21, Translated and Arranged by: Isma’eel Alarcon

Birth Control & Family Limitation (of offspring) – Shaykh al-Albaani

[48] Question: What is the ruling concerning putting limitations to the amount of offspring one has?

Answer: The person that limits his offspring without having a legitimate reason for doing so, I hold him to be foolish if not a disbeliever in the Qadaa and the Qadar (Divine Execution and Preordainment) of Allaah. This is since the individual that limits his progeny to only three children, for example, and he has reached the age of fifty (!), the thought of death does not even cross his mind, or that some violent storm should come and take the lives of his three children, thus leaving him till the end of his life as if he were barren and without offspring. Therefore, those that put limits to the amount of children they have, they do not reflect upon the things that every Muslim reflects on. And it is Al-Qadar (Preordainment), which befalls the people in the way that He wants, not in the way that they want. So this practice that is done in current times, is a severe negligence and a clear deprivation.

[Al-Asaalah, Issue #2]

[49] Question: Does the ruling on birth control differ from that of family limitation (of offspring)?

Answer: Birth control has some detail to it. Therefore, I say that this thing, which has come to be known as “birth control” is from that which the Muslims of today are being tested by in the lands of Islaam. However, there are cases from it, which must be referred back to the motive behind it. An example of this is when the motive for this birth control is based on a prescription from Muslim doctors who are advising the couple towards this so-called “birth control” to safeguard the health of the woman who has departed from her natural state due to her having delivered many children! So if a skilled Muslim doctor issues these instructions as a form of advice, then that becomes a legitimate excuse for (the allowance of) this birth control.

This is an example in which birth control is permissible. As for an example that is contrary to this one, then it is such as when the motive behind it is due to poverty (!) or because of bills, which is always on the minds of the disbelievers!! So you can see one of them say: “My wife and I are two. And I have two children!! And the fifth member of them is their dog!! So this monthly pay that we receive is just enough for us (to pay our bills), and that’s all [five]!” This is not permissible in Islaam because this motive emanates from the logic of the Days of Ignorance, which we were warned to avoid and stay away from. Such is found in Allaah’s saying: “And do not kill your children for fear of poverty. We will provide you with sustenance as well as them.” [Surah Al-Ana’aam: 151]

This is especially the case since the Muslims believe that the child comes with his sustenance (already) with him. This is because, before it comes out into this world, its sustenance is ordained for it while it is in the womb of its mother, as has been clarified to us in the Noble Sunnah. So this example of birth control, with this motive, is not permissible at all. As for the baseless and false reasons that some people have used to justify and allow it, then they have no place in the Religion.

[Al-Asaalah, Issue #2]

Fataawaa of Shaikh Al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah)
From Al-Asaalah Magazine Issues 1-21, Translated and Arranged by: Isma’eel Alarcon

Menstruation – Commentary from BulughAl Maraam – Umm Abdillah al-Waadi’iyyah

Click the below link to read or download PDF

Notes from Bulughul Maraam – Umm ‘Abdillaah Al-Waadi’iyyah – BM-118 128 Menstruation [PDF]

 

What is the best way for women to give da’wah? – Shaykh al-Albaani

[40] Question: What is the best way for women to give da’wah?

Answer: I say to the women: “Remain in your homes.” [Surah Ahzaab: 33]

And you should not concern yourselves with da’wah. I reject the use of the word “da’wah” amongst the male youth by them making it seem like they are from the people of da’wah – as if the word da’wah has become the fashion of modern times. So every individual that knows something about the Religion becomes a Da’ee (caller to Islaam)! And this matter did not stop with the male youth until it was carried over to the female youth and housewives. And in many instances, they have begun to turn away from fulfilling the obligations of their households and their husbands and their children, turning away from these obligations towards something that is not obligatory upon them, such as establishing the da’wah.

The general rule concerning the woman is that she is to stay in her home. And it has not been legislated for her to leave it unless she has a dire need. This is based on the statement of the Prophet,sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam: “And (praying in) their homes is better for them”, i.e. than the (congregational) prayer in the masjid.”

Today we see a prevalent phenomenon amongst the women in that they go out often to the masjids in order to pray the congregational prayer, not to mention the Jumu’ah prayer. In spite of this, their homes are better for them – unless there is a masjid in which the Imaam is a scholar who teaches those attending some aspects from the sciences of the Religion. So in this case, the woman could go out to pray in the masjid in order to listen to the knowledge. There is nothing preventing her from that. As for the woman preoccupying herself with the da’wah (!), then let her sit in her home and read from the books that her husband or brother or other male relatives provide for her.

Furthermore, there is nothing preventing her from setting a day in which she calls the women to come to her house or she goes out to attend the house of one of them. That is better than a group of women going out (to her). One woman going out to a group of women is better for them than all of them going out to her. As for her moving about and traveling, perhaps traveling without a mahram, and she justifies that by claiming that she went out for the purpose of da’wah, then these are from the presentday innovations. And I do not specify the women only with that, rather, even some of the male youth speak excessively about the da’wah and yet they have very little knowledge.

[Al-Asaalah, Issue #19]

Fataawaa of Shaikh Al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah)
From Al-Asaalah Magazine Issues 1-21, Translated and Arranged by: Isma’eel Alarcon

Shaykh Al-Albani on the Fashion of Dawah

The Fashion of Dawah – Shaykh Al-Albānī رحمه الله
https://owaisalhashimi.info/al-albani…
Translated by Owais Al-Hashimi حفظه الله
Video Courtesy: Brother Bilal Nahim

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