Khalid bin Al-Walid killing the Devil at the idol Al-Uzza – Tafseer Ibn Kathir

An-Nasa’i recorded that Abu At-Tufayl said,

“When the Messenger of Allah conquered Makkah, he sent Khalid bin Al-Walid to the area of Nakhlah where the idol of Al-`Uzza was erected on three trees of a forest. Khalid cut the three trees and approached the house built around it and destroyed it. When he went back to the Prophet and informed him of the story, the Prophet said to him,

(Go back and finish your mission, for you have not finished it.) Khalid went back and when the custodians who were also its servants of Al-`Uzza saw him, they started invoking by calling Al-`Uzza! When Khalid approached it, he found a naked woman whose hair was untidy and who was throwing sand on her head. Khalid killed her with the sword and went back to the Messenger of Allah , who said to him,

(That was Al-`Uzza!)”

Source: Tafseer Ibn Katheer – 053:an-Najm,  Dar-us-salam english publication

# Satan talking to Imam Ahmed on his death bed

Abdullah bin Ahmed said:

“When death approached my father, I sat with him and in my hand was a scrap of cloth with which I wanted to tie his beard and he began to drift in and out of consciousness, then he opened his eyes and said, indicating with his hand: “No, not yet. No, not yet” And he repeated it three times. After the third repetition ,I said to him: Oh, my father! What is this thing which you have said at this time? You fall into unconsciousness so that we say that you have gone,then you return (to consciousness) and say: “No, not yet. No, not yet”

He said to me : Oh, my son! Do you not know?” I said: “No”.

He said :” Satan – May Allah’s curse be upon him – stood before me, he lowered himself on his knuckles and said to me:”Oh, Ahmad! You have eluded me.” But I replied: “No, not yet, not yet until I die.”

Source:

The biography of Imam Ahmed bin Hanbal by Salahuddin Ali Abdul Mawjood
Translated by :Sameh Strauch, Publisher: Darussalam

Related Links:

Praise be to Allaah Who has diminished Shaytan’s evil thoughts to just a whisper – Daawood Adeeb

The Doors to Sin are Opened by Thoughts of the Mind
From the famous book, ‘Ad-daa Wad-Dawaa’ of Ibnul-Qayyim
Aboo Tasneem Daawood Adeeb al-Atharee, [Khutbah, Mar ’05]

Overview

“Allaah wishes to make clear (what is lawful and what is unlawful) to you,and to show you the ways of those before you, and to accept your repentance,and Allaah is the All­Knower, All­Wise. Allaah wishes to accept your repentance, but those who follow their lusts, wish that you should deviate tremendously away from the right path. Allaah wishes to lighten (the burden) for you; and man was created weak.” [Sooratun-Nisaa’, 4:26-28]

Know that reflective thoughts are not themselves harmful; rather what becomes harmful are constant (obsessive) ponderings. A thought about something is like a passer-by, if you do not call him, he will pass you by and go upon his way. However, if you call him, he will dupe and deceive you by his speech, and this is the easiest thing to do for the Nafs that is filled with falsehood. However, it is the most difficult thing to bear for the Nafs that is contended.

Allaah has placed in all of mankind two kinds of Nafs :

Nafs Ammaarah (the soul that commands evil), and  Nafs Mutma’innah (the soul that is content). They always oppose each other, so what is sweet for one is bitter for the other. There is nothing more difficult for the soul that commands evil than to go against its desires by working for Allaah’s pleasure, however, this is the most beneficial thing for it. Likewise, there is nothing more difficult for the soul that is content  than to work for other than the pleasure of Allaah. Every person has both a Nafs Mutma’innah and a Nafs Ammaarah.

Additionally, there is an angel on the right side (of every person) and it works in conjunction with the Nafs Mutma’innah. Likewise, on the left side (of every person), there is a Shaytaan that works in conjunction with the Nafs Ammaarah, and there is a constant, ongoing struggle between the two and it does not cease until this person’s appointed time in this life ceases. Falsehood always sides with the Shaytaan and the Nafs Ammaarah, whereas the truth always sides with the angels and the Nafs Mutma’innah, and the victor alternates.

However, victory comes with patience and whoever remains patient and has taqwaa (fear and consciousness) of Allaah, then he will be granted the upper-hand in this life and in the next. This is the law of Allaah that never changes.

Khutbatul Haajah ….

My Dear Brothers and Sisters in Al-Islaam, those of you who believe in Allaah and His Angels, His Books, His Messengers and the Divine Decree – the good and the evil of it, the sweet and the bitter of it. O You who believe, those of you who believe in the things that we cannot see, those things that are hidden from our view, those things like the Angels, and the Jannah and the Naar, the Paradise and the Hellfire, and those things that we can’t see like the Jinn and our Nafs. The Jinn is a creature that Allaah subhana wa ta’ala has created to worship Him, similar to the human being, but he is a creature that we cannot see in this life and this Dunya with our eyes. And as Imaam as-Shaafiee (rahimahullaahi ta’ala) said :

‘Anyone who says that they can see the Jinn in this life, then their testimony, (their Shahaadah) will never be taken. Their testimony for the contract of  marriage or contract of business or any type of testimony will not be accepted for no one can see the Jinn in this life. ‘

The other creatures that Allaah subhana wa ta’ala has created is inside of ourselves, that creature is called an-Nafs. In the Khutbahtul Haajah the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihiwa sallam) used to say for every Jummah and every salaatul Eid whether it be Fitr or Adha and at the weddings, he used to say,

“Innal Hamda lillaah Nahmaduhu wa nasthaeenuhu wa nasthaghfirhu wa na’oozu billaahi min shuroori anfusinaa, wamin saiyyia’athia’amaalina ..

All Praise is due to Allaah. We praise Him and beseech His help and in Him we seek forgiveness and we seek the refuge of Allaah from the mischief of our Anfus – the mischiefness of our souls, that Nafs similar to Shaitaan, similar to Iblees, similar to the Jinn that whispers to the human beings to make them think things, to make them say things, to make them do things that they should not be saying or doing.

Allaah subhanawata’ala He says :

‘Surely We created the human being and we know what his nafs whispers to him.’

There is not a Muslim who is sitting in this blessed Masjid, this House of Allaah tabarak wa ta’ala that does not have a jinn that whispers to him or her something evil. Allaah subhana wa ta’ala again in His Book says (Surah 114 An-Naas) :

‘Say to them O Muhammad, [Peace and blessings be upon him] I seek refuge with the Lord of the human beings; the Master, the King ofthe human beings; the God of the human beings;

(there is a jinn that is called Al-Khannas)

We seek refuge with our Lord, the King, the Master, the God of mankind from this Khannas; We seek refuge with Allaah subhana wa ta’ala from the Khannas, the one who is Muthawa’ariee al-Mukhthafee – the one who is hidden, we can’t see him but he comes to us and he says, ‘say that, do this, say this and do that..’ and he runs away.  He runs away the coward that he is. Those things go inside of our hearts and they go inside of our minds.  We seek refuge with Allaah from the one who whispers in the Sadr – in our sudoor (in our chests) from the jinn and the men. Because we have the Jinn (the Shayaateen) and the Shayaateen from the human beings. i.e we have the devils from the Jinn and the devils from the men and both of them whisper. But our Nafs is something that is with us all time and it whispers to us.

‘Walillaahil Hamd – All Praise is due to Allaah – that Allaah (subhana wata’ala) has favoured this Ummah to not being held accountable for the things they have in their mind, for not being held accountable for the things they have in their hearts – unless they say those things or do those things.

There is not one of us that does not have evil thoughts – not one of us. All of us have evil thoughts. But the Prophet [Peace and blessings be upon him]  on the authority of Abu Huraira (radiallaahu tha’ala anhu warad’aahu) collected by Imaam Muslim in his saheeh, ‘the Prophet [Peace and blessings be upon him]  said :

Allaah has absolved, Allaah has excused, Allaah has pardoned, Allaah has forgiven, Allaah has done away with for this  Ummah , for me – My ummah, for this nation, this Ummah of Islaam all the things that they think about – all the things that comes to their minds and their hearts – all those evil thoughts about backbiting their brother, and slandering their sister, and picking up that glass of beer, whisky or wine, when they have the thought of smoking the marjua’ana or have the thought to commit zinaa (wa iyyadu billaah) or have the thought of stealing or robbing or  any of those evil thoughts or even worse –  thoughts about prophets and messengers of Allaah, which some of us unfortunately have in our heads and in our minds or thoughts that are bad about Muhammad [Peace and blessings be upon him]  himself –Allaah subhana wa ta’ala has excused us and pardoned us. ‘Maa lam tha’lam awthatha kallam.’ As long as we don’t do those things or say those things then, those things that are in our minds of evil – those things that are in our minds that whisper to us from our nafs or from Shaitaan or evil, of wretchedness, those horrible thoughts that come to our minds we are forgiven. Walillaahil Hamd we are forgiven.

The companions of the Messenger of Allaah  [Peace and blessings be upon him]  – they were the best of human beings after the prophets and the messengers but they also used to have bad thoughts. As the hadith of the companions of the Prophet [Peace and blessings be upon him] said : ‘that a party of the companions of the messenger of Allaah [Peace and blessings be upon him] they came to him asking him : O’ Messenger of Allaah, one of us have some things in the inside of our heads. We have some thoughts that comes to our minds that are so ugly, they are so horrendous, they are so horrible, they are so evil that we are even afraid to talk about them. The Messenger of Allaah [Peace and blessings be upon him] said :

Do you really have those type of thoughts in your minds? You really have those evil thoughts in your minds, you really find those things in your minds?’ They said : ‘Yes, we have these evil thoughts O’ Messenger of Allaah.’ The Messenger of Allaah [Peace and blessings be upon him] said: ‘zaakaa sarihul Imaan. Zaakaa sarihul Imaan … – that is clear, pure,faith.’

In another narration collected by Imaam Abu Dawuud (rahimahullaah): the prophet [Peace and blessings be upon him] said,

‘Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar.., Allaah is theGreatest, Allaah is the Greatest, Allaah is the Greatest, Praise be to Allaah the one Who has diminished, has minimized those evil thoughts to just a whisper..

to just a whisper so that you won’t say it or you won’t do it Wa lillaahil Hamd.

** 2nd part of the Khutbah**

Our beloved brothers and sisters in Islaam, those of you who have been pardoned by Allaah tabarak wa ta’ala for the evil thoughts that you have in your minds and the evil suggestions that come to your hearts, O you who believe those of you who has been excused from those wretched ideas that you have, we must realize that we are human beings. We are fragile creatures. We are human beings that are created weak.

We are human beings that are not able to control ourselves except Allaah subhana wa ta’ala gives us mercy to us – and except that Allaah subhana wa ta’ala gives the bounty to us. We are creatures that we are not able to control ourselves as the Prophet [Peace and blessings be upon him]. He said that – when Allaah warned Adam in Jannah and left Adam as He wanted to leave him, for the time He wanted to leave him – then Iblees went around Adam looking at him and he saw that he was a creature at the point ‘into him’

As Ibn Kathir (rahimahullaah) says,

‘going into him from his nostrils and out from his backside, checking him out and finding he was hollow – he realized that Adam was a creature ‘Laa yatha maalak’ – that he was a creature who could not control himself. We are blessed by Allaah subhana wa ta’ala to have the sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah [Peace and blessings be upon him] to explain to us what to do.

We are blessed by Allaah subhana wa ta’ala to have the Qura’an to seek refuge with Allaah subhana wa ta’ala so that when we go to bed at night – we cup our hands and we say : “Qul Huwallaahu Ahad,.. and we say Qul Aoozu birabbil Falaq.. and we say Qul Aoozu birabbin Naas..’so that Shaitaan or any evil will not approach us and then we spit in our hands and we wipe as much of our bodies that we can and we say Ayatul Kursi– the verse of the footstool before we go to bed and we seek refuge with Allaah subhana wa ta’ala when we walk into the bathroom from the Khubz wal Khabaiz – from the male and female jinns and we seek refuge with Allaah tabarak wa ta’ala before we approach our wives, making dua against Shaitaan and him against his Qaidaah — against his plots and his harming our children.. and we can go on and on ..

What Allaah and His Messenger [Peace and blessings be upon him] have given us to protect ourselves from Shaitaan and to protect ourselves from the whispers of our nafs. The Ulamaa in following the way of the Prophet [Peace and blessings be upon him] they have explained to us that everything begins as a ‘khatrah’  –  everything begins as a ‘thought’. So they have said, ‘Protect yourselves !! Ward off the thoughts !! And if you don’t ward off the thoughts, then the thought will become an idea. And ward off and make guard against the idea – because if you don’t ward off the idea then it will become lust.

It first begins as a thought.. brothers, then sisters it becomes an idea.. if you don’t ward yourself and guard yourself from the original thought, that thought will become an idea and if you don’t guard yourself from that idea, then it will become ‘shahwa’ – lust. Now you have to make war on the shahwa. Now you have to make war, jihad on your desires, on your lusts. And if you don’t do that then that desire, that lust becomes resolved in determination. And if you don’t make war on that determination and resolve the results from that thought, from  that idea that is transmuted that changed from idea to lust then it will become ‘Azeema wahimma’ – it will become resolved in determination.

And if you don’t defend yourself from that , if you don’t make jihad on that, then it becomes an action. And if you don’t protect yourself and ward off from that and do the opposite of that action, then it becomes a habit. Then it becomes a habit – that thing becomes ‘you’. And it is going to be very, very difficult to get rid of this. If you don’t do the opposite of that thing that has become an action, it will become a habit and the Ulamaa of science say ‘that we are creatures of habits.’ It starts with a thought. It starts with a thought which becomes an idea, an idea that becomes lust and a lust that becomes resolve and you let these things become planted in your heart and in your mind and then it becomes ‘you’.

First a thought comes : ‘Tell a lie.’Then when you don’t do something to guard against that, it becomes an idea. It becomes an ideology in your heads. And then if you don’t guard against that, it becomes a desire. And if you don’t make war on that, then it becomes resolve – something that is becoming firmly planted in the soil of your nafs, in the dirt of your nafs and your nafs now becomes a seed that has become firmly rooted. And if you don’t guard against and get rid of that, then it becomes an action and from an action it becomes a habit.

Abu Sumail (rahimahullah) one of the Tabi’oon, Sammaak Ibn Waleed (rahimahullaahi ta’ala) said :

‘I asked Ibn Abbas (radiallaahu anhu) there is something that I find in my chest.’ Ibn Abbas  said, ‘What is it that you find in your chest.’ He said: ‘It is something Wallaahi ya Abdullaah, (it means Abdullaah Ibn Abbas, I swear by Allaah), I don’t want to even mention it as it is so evil.’ Ibn Abbas started laughing and said : Allaah tabarakwa ta’ala says ‘if you have doubt about any thing which Allaah has revealed, then ask the people of the Book – those who came before you for they also had doubts. To get rid of that evil thought you should say that Allaah is :’*Huwal Awwalu wal Aakhiru, wa Daahiru wal-Baatinu, wa huwa ala’akulli shai’in aleem.*’

This is what you should say. This is what Abdullaah ibn Abbas said. When those evil thoughts come to you or you have any doubts about your Deen, you have any doubts about the angels, you have any doubts about the messengers, you have any doubts about the sunnah, you have any doubts about anything of Islaam – you have any doubts whatsoever then say :

‘*Huwal Awwalu wal Aakhiru, wad Daahiru wal-Baatinu, wa huwa ala kulli shai’in aleem.*’

We ask Allaah subhana wa ta’ala to protect us from the evil of ourselves, from the shuroor of our Anfus, from the evil of our nafs (when they whisper to us) and we ask Allaah to give us protection from the Shayateen – both from the Jinn and the men and we ask Allaah subhana wa ta’ala by His Greatest Name to let us see His face and be in the closest proximity of the Prophet Muhammad [Peace and blessings be upon him]

May Allaah reward the sister who Transcribed from the Audio
Slight modifications by AbdurRahman.Org

# Shaytan cast doubts into heart regarding the sincerity of one’s Tawbah – Permanent Committee

Q 2: I frequently remember the sins I used to commit before I was guided, especially when I see the place where I used to commit the sin or the person with whom I committed it. This upsets me and makes me feel pain and regret. I wonder if my Tawbah (repentance to Allah) will erase my sins. I often remember my sins while I am performing Salah (Prayer).

A: Anyone who makes sincere Tawbah to Allah, Allah promises to accept their Tawbah. Even better still, Allah, out of His Graciousness and Generosity, turns the sins into good deeds.

Allah may (He be Exalted) says: Except those who repent and believe (in Islâmic Monotheism), and do righteous deeds; for those, Allâh will change their sins into good deeds, and Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (Surah Al-Furqan, 25:70)

Allah also (Exalted be He) says: And verily, I am indeed forgiving to him who repents, believes (in My Oneness, and associates none in worship with Me) and does righteous good deeds, and then remains constant in doing them, (till his death). (Surah Ta-Ha, 20:82)

Satan strives hard to seduce humans to make them fall into evil and sin. If the person escapes from the snares of Satan, and he see that they have turned to Allah,he starts to cast doubts into their heart regarding the sincerity of their Tawbah and magnify their sin in their eyes, making them think that Allah will not forgive such sins, because they are too many and too grave.

He makes them forget that Allah states Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship) to be the worst of all sins and the evilest of all misdeeds, and then He mentions the major sins, and promises to accept the Tawbah of anyone who turn to Him penitently and does righteous good deeds.

If Satan does not find response, he starts to remind people of their past sins and misdeeds to make them feel sad.

Allah (Exalted be He) says: Secret counsels (conspiracies) are only from Shaitân (Satan), in order that he may cause grief to the believers. But he cannot harm them in the least, except as Allâh permits. And in Allâh let the believers put their trust. (Surah Al-Mujadalah, 58:10)

Allah (may He be Exalted and Praised) orders His believing servants to seek His Refuge from Satan and describes him as “the retreating whisperer”, because he whispers to people and then retreats and flees once a Muslim seeks refuge with Allah and seeks His Help.

Allah (Exalted be He) says: Say: “I seek refuge with (Allâh) the Lord of mankind, “The King of mankind – “The Ilâh (God) of mankind, “From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of men) who withdraws (from his whispering in one’s heart after one remembers Allâh). “Who whispers in the breasts of mankind. “Of jinn and men.”

So, you have to seek Allah’s Refuge from Satan and perform a lot of Dhikr (remembrance of Allah) and Istighfar (seeking forgiveness from Allah).

According to an authentic Hadith, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “Anyone who says: ‘La ilaha illa Allahu wahdahu la sharika lahu lahul-mulku walahul-hamdu wa-huwa ‘alakulli shay’in qadir (There is no deity except Allah, Alone, with no partner or associate; His is the Sovereignty and His is the Praise, and He is over all things Omnipotent),’one hundred times every day, it will be equivalent for them to freeing ten slaves, and one hundred good deeds will be recorded for them, and one hundred bad deeds will be erased from them and it will be a protection for them against Satan on that day until evening comes. No one will come with anything better than it (on the Day of Resurrection), except for one who does more than this.”

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Deputy Chairman     Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source: alifta.net

Fatwas of Permanent Committee>Group 1>Volume 24: Miscellaneous 1>Book of miscellaneous>Tawbah>Tawbah as obliterating sins

# Beaware of the living and gathering places of Jinn

The jinn live upon the same earth as humans do.

Most of them can be found among the ruins and dilapidated areas, as well as the places where there are many impure things, such as, bathrooms, hashish dens, garbage dumps, the places of the camels, cemeteries.

For that reason, as Ibn Taimiya said, those people who are close to Satan usually inhibit such areas. There are hadith that say that one should not pray in bathrooms due to the impurities present and because it is the abode of Satan, or in cemeteries as this leads to polytheism and it is also a home for the devils.

Many of them are in the places which may be sources of evil, such as the marketplaces.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) gave the following advice to one of his Companions,

“If you can, do not be the first one to enter the marketplace. And do not be the last to leave it. For they are the places of Satan and therein he raises his banner.”

This hadith was recorded in Sahih Muslim.

The devils live in the same houses in which people live. One can stop them from entering or repel them from such houses by remembering or mentioning Allah dhikr), reciting the Quran, in particular, surah al-Baqara and Ayatul Kursee (verse 255 of that surah).

The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated that the devils spread out and roam about increasingly when the dark first comes, and, therefore, he has advised Muslims to bring in their children during that period of time. This is stated in a hadith that was recorded by both AI-Bukhari and Muslim.

And the devils run away from the call to prayer and cannot stand listening to it. And in the month of Ramadhaan they are chained.

The devils love to sit between the shade and the sunlight. For this reason the Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade the Muslims to sit in such places. This hadith was recorded in the books of Sunan and other works and it is sahih.

Source : The World of Jinn and Devils | Umar S. Ashqar

Related Links:

# It is not only humans which are possessed – Invitation to Islam

It is not only humans which are possessed, but also animals, trees and other objects. By doing this, the evil Jinn hope to make people worship others besides Allaah. The possession of idols is one way to do this.

Not so long ago the world-wide phenomenon of Hindu idols drinking milk, shocked the world. From Bombay to London, Delhi to California, countless idols were lapping up milk. Ganesh[6] the elephant god, Hanuman the monkey god and even Shiva lingam, the male private organ(!), all seemed to guzzle down the milk as if there was no tomorrow!

Unfortunately people were taken in by this (including Muslims) and many flocked to feed (?) the Hindu gods. Anyone who knows about Jinn possession, will undoubtedly know that this is a classic attempt to make people commit shirk (associating partners with Allaah). And it worked, as many people started to worship these lifeless pieces of wood and marble. Anyone with half a brain would say to themselves, ‘why on earth does a god need to be fed?!! Surely if Ganesh, Hanuman or Shiva were divine then they wouldn’t need feeding?’ However, such common sense seemed to be lacking as the Jinns played havoc with these gullible people.

Footnotes :

[6] Ganesh, the elephant headed deity, seemed to be the biggest drinker! In fact it didn’t just stop at milk. At the time of these occurrences, a woman in India decided to see if Ganesh would drink anything else – so she offered him whiskey!! And Lo and behold Ganesh drank the Whiskey!!! Suffice to say, the woman was kicked out of India.

Source : Invitation to Islam, Issue 4, January 1998

Seeking refuge in Allaah from the evil of one’s soul and from the evil of Shaytan and his shirk – Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen

Seeking refuge in Allaah from the evil of one's soul and from the evil of Shaytan and his shirk

Allahumma faatiras-samaawaati wal-ardhi, ‘Aalimal-ghaybi wash-shahaadati, , Rabba kulli shay’in wa maleekahu, ‘ash-hadu ‘an laa ‘ilaaha ‘illaa Anta, ‘a’oothu bika min sharri nafsee, wa min sharrish-shaytaani wa shirkihi (*), wa ‘an ‘aqtarifa ‘alaa nafsee soo’an ‘aw ajurrahu ‘ilaa muslim.

“O Allaah, Creator of the heavens and the earth, Knower of the unseen and visible, the Lord of everything and it’s Possessor, I bear witness that nothing is worthy of worship but You. I seek refuge in You from the evil of my soul and from the evil of Shaytan and his shirk. (I seeek refuge in You) from bringing evil upon my soul and from harming any Muslim.” (**)

Related by Ahmad (#51, #63, #81, and #7961), al-Bukhaaree in (al-Adabul-Mufrad) (#1202, #1204), and in the narrative of Imaam Ahmad #7961 from him where he said in the last part of the narration: “…Say it when you have entered upon morning and when you have entered upon the evening, and when you take to your bed.” And it was authenticated by al-‘Alaamah Ibn Baaz-may Allah have mercy upon him-in Tuhfat-ul-Akhyaar.

Source : Supplication # 17 in “Precious Rememberance” – Written by ash-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen

Also mentioned in Hisn al Muslim – Sahih At-Tirmidhi 3/142 and AbuDawood.
Also mentioned  in  Saheeh Al-Kalimaat At-Tayyib –  Hadeeth No # 21

The following notes has been taken from  “More than 1000 Sunan Every Day & Night” published by Dar-us-Salaam

(*) There are two opinions on how this should be pronounced:

(a) The first opinion is that the word should be pronounced as Shiraki, which means plots and plans. So, this part of the supplication would read, “I seek refuge in You from the evil of my soul and from the evil and plans of Shaytaan“.

(b) The second opinion, which seems to be the strongest, is that it should be pronounced as Shirki; this refers to whatever the Shaytaan is calling you towards, in terms of acts of worship, which result in associating partners with Allah. It doesn’t meant that Shirk is being commited by Shaytaan himself. On the contrary it is the person who commits the shirk in obedienec to Shaytaan.

For a more detailed explanation, refer to TuhfatAl-Ahwadee, Volume 9, Hadeeth 3452, by Shaykh Muhammad Al-Mubaarakpuri.

(**) Shaykh Al-Albanee mentioned that the last part,

..is from another narration is Sunan At-Tirmidhi, narrated by Abdullah bin Ammaar, and is not mentioned as part of this supplication, which is also from Sunan At-Tirmidhee, but narrated by Aboo Hurayrah.

Visithttps://abdurrahman.org/jinn-shayateen-devils/

Reciting ten verses from Soorat-ul-Baqarah at night time – Shaykh Uthaymeen

“Alif Laam Meem This is the Book that contains no doubt, guidance for those who fear Allah. Those who believe in the unseen, who establish the daily prayers and spend from what We have provided them with. Those who believe in what was revealed to you and what was revealed to those before you, and they are filled with conviction concerning the hereafter. They are upon guidance from their Lord, and they are the successful.” {Soorat-ul-Baqarah: 1-5}

(1) Related by Imaam ad-Daarimee in his Sunan as #3382 and #3383 from ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ood-may Allah be pleased with him-and it has been ruled as being marfu’oo [01] that he said:

“Whoever recites ten verses from Soorat-ul-Baqarah at night time the shaytaan will not enter the house that evening until the morning, (also) the first four verses of Soorat-ul-Baqarah, Aayat-ul-Kursee and the two verses after it, in addition to the three last verses of Soorat-ul-Baqarah beginning with: {…To Allah belongs what is in the heavens…}

And in another narration:

“…shaytaan or anything he dislikes will not come near him nor his family that day, and it is not recited over a mentally ill person except that he will recover from his illness.”

At-Tabaraanee related it in his Kabeer as #8673, and al-Haythamee said in his Majma’ (#17014): “The men of this narration are the narrators of the Saheeh except that ash-Sha’bee did not hear directly from Ibn Mas’oud.”

Footnotes:

[01] T.N. Al-Khateeb (rahimahullah) said: “It is what has been narrated by a companion directly from the Messenger (may the peace & blessings of Allah be upon him)”. Al-Baa’eeth-ul-Hatheeth Page 54.

[Source] : Precious Remembrance – Shaykh Al Uthaymeen  [PDF]
A comprehensive collection of morning and evening supplications written by the hand of al-Faqih, al-Alaamah Muhammad bin Salaah al-Uthaymeen (raheemuallah).

# Seeking help from the jinn to fulfill one’s needs – Permanent Committee

Question:

What is the ruling on invoking the Jinn (creatures created from fire) against a certain person to harm them, like saying, “Take so-and-so” or “Harm them”? What is the ruling on someone who does that? I heard someone say that whoever seeks the help of the Jinn, their Salah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast) will not be accepted. In addition, when they die, funeral prayer should not be offered for them, their funeral should not be followed and they should not be buried in the Muslim graveyards.

Answer:

Seeking the help of the Jinn and turning to them to fulfill needs, such as asking them to harm or benefit a person, is an act of Shirk (associating others in worship with Allah).

It is a kind of mutual benefiting between Jinn and mankind; the Jinn fulfill the human’s needs and in return they get the human’s veneration, trust, and reliance.

Allah (Exalted be He) says, And on the Day when He will gather them (all) together (and say): “O you assembly of jinn! Many did you mislead of men,” and their Auliyâ’ (friends and helpers) amongst men will say: “Our Lord! We benefited one from the other, but now we have reached our appointed term which You did appoint for us.” He will say: “The Fire be your dwelling-place, you will dwell therein forever, except as Allâh may will. Certainly your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing.” And thus We do make the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers) Auliyâ’ (supporters and helpers) of one another (in committing crimes), because of that which they used to earn.

Allah (Exalted be He) also says, ‘And verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the males among the jinn, but they (jinn) increased them (mankind) in sin and transgression. Therefore, seeking the help of the Jinn to harm others or asking for their protection against another’s evil are all acts of Shirk.

Whoever does so, their Salah and Sawm will be nullified; for Allah (Exalted be He) says, “If you join others in worship with Allâh, (then) surely (all) your deeds will be in vain, and you will certainly be among the losers”.

Anyone who is known for doing so, funeral prayer should not be offered for them, their funeral should not be followed and they should not be buried in the Muslim graveyards.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Member Member Deputy Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Mani` `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify

Source : alifta.net

Fatwas of Permanent Committee>Group 1>Volume 1: `Aqidah 1>Creeds>Seeking help>Seeking help from the jinn to fulfill one’s needs

Do the Jinn know the Ghayb (unseen)? – Permanent Committee & Tafseer Ibn Katheer

The knowledge of Ghayb is one of the attributes of Lordship, thus no one knows the Ghayb of Heaven and Earth except Allah;

Allah (may He be Exalted) says,

And with Him are the keys of the Ghayb (all that is hidden), none knows them but He.  (Surah Al-An`am, 6: 59)

He (Great is His Majesty) also says,

Say: “None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghayb (Unseen) except Allâh” (Surah Al-Naml, 27: 65)

The Jinn do not know the Ghayb, and this is proven in His Saying (may He be Exalted),

Then when We decreed death for him [Sulaimân (Solomon)], nothing informed them (jinn) of his death except a little worm of the earth which kept (slowly) gnawing away at his stick. So when he fell down, the jinn saw clearly that if they had known the Unseen, they would not have stayed in the humiliating torment. (Surah Saba’, 34: 14 )

Therefore, anyone who claims to know the Ghayb will be a Kafir (disbeliever) and anyone who believes in this claim will be a Kafir as well, for they will be denying the Qur’an.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Source: http://www.alifta.com/

The below is taken from Tafseer Ibn Kathir:
[from dar-us-salam english publication]

(14. Then when We decreed death for him, nothing informed them (Jinn) of his death except a little worm of the earth which kept (slowly) gnawing away at his stick. So when he fell down, the Jinn saw clearly that if they had known the Unseen, they would not have stayed in the humiliating torment.) 

[Noble Qur’an – Soorah Saba 34:14]

Allah tells us how Sulayman, peace be upon him, died and how Allah concealed his death from the Jinn who were subjugated to him to do hard labor. He remained leaning on his stick, which was his staff, as Ibn `Abbas may Allah be pleased with him, Mujahid, Al-Hasan, Qatadah and others said. He stayed like that for a long time, nearly a year. When a creature of the earth, which was a kind of worm, ate through the stick, it became weak and fell to the ground. Then it became apparent that he had died a long time before. It also became clear to Jinn and men alike that the Jinn do not know the Unseen as they (the Jinn) used to imagine and tried to deceive people.

This is what Allah says:

(nothing informed them (Jinn) of his death except a little worm of the earth which kept (slowly) gnawing away at his stick. So when he fell down, the Jinn saw clearly that if they had known the Unseen, they would not have stayed in the humiliating torment.) meaning, it became clear to the people that they (the Jinn) were lying.

Qadiyanis reject the Jinn as being a creation apart from mankind – Shaykh Al-Albaanee

From the misguided beliefs of the Qadiyanis is that they reject the Jinn as being a creation apart from mankind. So they distort the apparent meaning of all the ayaat and ahaadeeth that clearly prove their existence and their distinction from mankind amongst creation, instead claiming that these texts refer to humans themselves or a specific group from amongst mankind. This is even the case with Iblees (i.e. the Devil) himself as they allege that he was a human being that was evil! So how misguided they are!!

Taken from : Mirza Ghulam Ahmad and the Qadiyani Sect – by Imaam Muhammad Naasir-ud-Deen Al-Albaanee

# Hypnosis is a type of soothsaying, in which a hypnotist seeks the help of a Jinn – Permanent Committee

Question:

What is the ruling on hypnosis through which the hypnotist possess power over the hypnotized and have the ability to dominate them and make them abandon a forbidden act, cure them from a psychological disturbance, or make them carry out theirs (the hypnotist) orders?

Answer:

Hypnosis is a type of soothsaying, in which a hypnotist seeks the help of a Jinn and makes him overpower a hypnotized person and talk through him.

The Jinn gives the hypnotized person power to do certain actions, if he agrees to obey the hypnotist and is truthful with him in return for mutual benefits. Accordingly, the Jinn causes the hypnotized person to obey the hypnotist in any actions or to give any information asked from him, if it is being honest with the hypnotist. It is therefore not permissible to utilize hypnosis or to use it to find a stolen or lost object, to cure a sick person, or to do anything through a hypnotized person. In fact, this is Shirk, due to what was previously mentioned and because it is resorting to other than Allah in matters that are beyond those ordinarily permitted by Allah for His Creation.

http://www.alifta.com/

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Member     Deputy Chairman     Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud     `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

# Shaytan at the head of each of other paths – Tafseer Ibn Kathir

‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood radiallaahu ‘anhu said:

The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam drew a line for us and said. “This is Allaah’s Straight Path.” Then he drew lines to its right and left and then said. “These ore other paths. Upon every one of them there is a devil calling towards it.”

Then he recited: “Indeed this is My Straight Path, so follow it, and do not follow other paths that will separate you from His Path.” [Soorah al-An’aam 6:153].” [1]

[1] Hasan: Related by Ahmad (1/435) and an-Nasaa’ee (7/49), from Ibn Mas’ood radiallaahu ‘anhu. It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in Dhilaalul-Jannah fee Takhreejis-Sunnah (no.16).

The Following is taken from Tafseer Ibn Kathir of the verse : Soorah al-An’aam 6:153

Imam Ahmad recorded that, An-Nawwas bin Sam`an said that the Messenger of Allah said,

(Allah has given a parable of the straight path, and on the two sides of this path, there are two walls containing door ways. On these door ways, there are curtains that are lowered down. on the gate of this path there is a caller heralding, `O people! come and enter the straight path all together and do not divide. ‘ There is also another caller that heralds from above the path, who says when a person wants to remove the curtain on any of these doors, `Woe to you! Do not open this door, for if you open it, you will enter it. The (straight) path is Islam, the two walls are Allah’s set limits, the open doors lead to Allah’s prohibitions, the caller on the gate of the path is Allah’s Book (the Qur’an), while the caller from above the path is Allah’s admonition in the heart of every Muslim.)

At-Tirmidhi and An-Nasa’i also recorded this Hadith, and At-Tirmidhi said, “Hasan Gharib.”

The Story Of How An-Najjaashee Became The King Of Abyssinia – Dawud Burbank

[Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood ibn Ronald Burbank]

Posted by Saad Burbankwww.alitisaambissunnah.wordpress.com

* Concerning an-Najjaashee’s refusal to surrender the Muslims in his land to the Mushrikoon from Quraish, and his refusal to accept gifts to bribe him to do that:-

* az-Zuhree said: “I had this hadeeth narrated by “Urwah ibn az-Zubayr (rahimahullaah): from Umm Salamah (radiyallaahu “anhaa). So “Urwah said: “Do you know what he (i.e. an-Najjaashee) meant by his saying: “Allaah did not take any bribe from me, when He restored my kingdom to me, such that I should accept any bribe to keep my kingdom; And Allaah did not do what the people wanted with regard to me, such that I should obey the people against Him.” ?

So I said; “No.”… So then “Urwah explained it, saying:  “Aa’ishah (radiyallaahu ‘anhaa) narrated to me that:

<< His father was previously king of his people, and he had a brother, and his brother had twelve sons. But the father of an-Najjaashee had no child besides an-Najjaashee.

So the people of Abyssinia started plotting together and they said: We ought to kill the father of an-Najjaashee, and give the kingship to his brother, then his brother has twelve sons. So then later they can inherit the kingship and the Abyssinian people will remain for a long time without any infighting between them. So they attacked (the king) and killed him, and they made his brother king.

So then an-Najjaashee entered upon his uncle, and he impressed him so much that he consulted nobody else besides him, and he was found to be a person of intellect and firm resolve.

So when the rest of the Abyssinians saw the status which he now had with his uncle they said: This boy has got the better of his uncle now, so we do not feel safe that he will not make him king over us (after himself), and he knows that we have killed his father. So if that happens, he will not leave a single noble amongst us except he will kill him.

So they went to his uncle and said: You know that we killed his father, and put you in his place; and we do not feel safe that he will not become king over us (after you). So either you kill him, or you banish him from our land.

He said, “Woe to you, you killed his father yesterday, and now I have to kill him today! Rather I will send him away from your land.”

So they took him away, and put him in the market place; and they sold him as a slave to a trader from the traders who threw him into a ship, having bought him for 600 or 700 dirhams.

Then he departed with him.

Then when it was the evening of that same day some clouds from the autumn clouds appeared. So his uncle went out to enjoy the rain, but he was struck by a lightening bolt which killed him.

So the people quickly went to his children, but they found that they were stupid people. There was not a single one that had any good in him. So the affair of the Abyssinians was thrown into confusion.

So some of them said to others:
“You know, by Allaah, that the only one who is suitable to be king over you is the one who you sold this morning. So if you have any concern for the affair of the Abyssinians, then go and get him before he leaves.”

So they went searching for him. So they found him and they brought him back; and they placed the crown upon his head, and they sat him upon his throne, and they made him the king.

But the trader (came and) said: “Give me back my money, for you have taken my slave!”

They said: “We will not give you anything.”
So the trader said, “Then by Allaah, I will go and speak to him.”

So he went to him and spoke to him, and said: “O king! I bought a slave and the people who sold him to me took the price, but then they seized the slave and took him away from me, and they won”t give me my money back.” So this was the first case that was seen from the firmness, wisdom, and justice of an- Najjaashee that he said:

“You must either give him his money back; or hand over his slave to him so that he may take him wherever he wants.”
So the people said: “Rather we will give him his money.” So they gave it to him.

So this is why ((when the Najjaashee did not surrender the Muslims, and did not accept the bribe from the Quraish to hand over the Muslims)), he said:

“Allaah did not take any bribe from me, when He restored my kingdom to me, such that I should take any bribe to keep my kingdom; And Allaah did not do what the people wanted with regard to me, such that I should obey the people against Him.”

* Shaikh al- Albaanee mentioned that it is reported by Ibn Hishaam in his abridgement of Ibn Ishaaq”s “Seerah” (1/363-364), and by Aboo Nu”aym in “ad-Dalaa.il” (pp.81- 84), and that its chain of narration is “hasan”.

* – This is the same one, an- Najjaashee, who sent a message to the Prophet (sallallaahu “alaihi-wa sallam) to say that he had accepted Islaam; and he died upon Islaam (radiyallaahu “anhu).

– Then Ibn Ishaaq reports through his chain of narration from “Aa.ishah that when an- Najjaashee died that the people mentioned that light was continually seen over his grave. Shaikh al-Albaanee said its chain is hasan (good).

– He is the one who is mentioned in al-Bukhaaree and Muslim in a hadeeth of Aboo Hurairah (radiyallaahu ‘anhu) that when he died, the Prophet (sal Allaahu alaihi wa sallam) was told through Revelation, and that he ordered the Companions to form rows and he prayed the Funeral Prayer for him, as no one in his land prayed the Funeral Prayer for him.
***

The devils abandon those who follow them – a practical story

Those spiritualists who claim that they make the spirits appear and can cure people by them are nothing but liars; and the “spirits” are nothing but devils. Sometimes Satan even leaves such people and disgraces and humiliates them. In al-Qabas, a Kuwaiti newspaper (06/12/1978) there was an article about a medium in England by the name of Peter Goodwin. He had come into spiritual powers by which he was able to perform many miracles, such as cure those it was difficult to cure, find lost items and so forth. And he had mastery over the spirits to have them help mankind.

Peter Goodwin, by his unique powers, was able to be in many places at one time. For example, his friends saw him in London, while, at the same time, some others saw him in Liverpool and still others saw him in Manchester. And during the whole time yet another group stated that he was not in any of those places but he was actually sitting at home with his family.

Sometimes his body would appear at different times in one and the same place. For example, he would be sitting among his friends, then he would enter upon them again and sit with them. Then again for a third and fourth time, sitting and talking with them. So there would be five Peter Goodwins at one meeting and he would be talking to them or some of them.

But then Peter lost all of that and became like a normal person, without the ability to cure, find lost items, predict the future or control the spirits to serve mankind.

His downfall began last year when he began to use his spiritual powers that Allah had granted him for material gain. He now looks to his near past and says, “What happened to me was not in the reckoning. The spirits became angry with me and have afflicted me by leaving me.”

The beginning of his plight

Last year, he decided that he would open centers for spiritual healing throughout all of Britain. He wanted to open a center in every  big city in Britain. For that purpose, he placed advertisements in the evening newspapers. He was looking for trainees for spiritual research in a full-time or part-time course. The cost would be between 40 to 50 British pounds.

He received some applicants for the position. One of the applicants he received was a twenty-nine year old writer, Rubin Lacy, a sixty-five year old woman, Jean Bartlett, and man in his thirties named Arthur Jeffrey. Peter Goodwin began holding interviews until he began to tire. Rubin Lacy stated,

We found Goodwin when w was not came to the appointment that Peter there. Instead, the one who conducted the interview was a woman in her fifties who was assisted by a young man and woman, very beautiful. They distributed a questionnaire to us and asked us to fill it out. Among the questions it included were, “Have you ever witnessed a spirit before?” “Do you believe in spiritual remedies?” “Do you take drugs?” “Have you ever been in a mental hospital?” The woman told us that Peter Goodwin was planning on opening up a medical center in every city in England and that he would train us in spiritual healing so we would be able to work in those centers. Then he would send us clients. We would charge five sterling pounds for one session. And we would cure approximately forty per week- on the condition that we would give Peter Goodwin half of the first five thousand sterling pounds we make and we would be able to keep the rest. Most of the people began to debate this issue. Some of the people did not like what they heard so they left the room without completing the remainder of the questionnaire.

What did an eyewitness say?

After all of that, some of the respondents were selected and they were allowed to meet Peter Goodwin in another room. He met with the first person for twenty minutes. Successively his interviews grew shorter until he saw the last one for only about five minutes. Then he chose some of them for him to train.

One of the persons he chose was Jean Bartlett who was a retired interior decorator. Her husband was Arthur Bartlett. Jean stated, I could not comprehend anything that Peter was trying to teach me. He would always start to get confused during the training. At the end of the training, he had stopped giving lectures in person but would just record what he had intended to say and give them the cassettes to listen to. He talked about the limits that humans can reach in life. One time, he asked us to make a figure out of clay that resembled a human. And he taught us to recite some incantations to it. But all of that did not result in anything.. Peter Goodwin gave us some more comments but we did not understand anything from him.

Peter had also chosen Arthur Jeffrey and his wife Angela. Angela narrated their experience?

At the beginning, we got the feeling that there was a scientific atmosphere prevailing in his lectures. But Goodwin was always confused. He began to lose his powers little by little. After some days, he became like a normal person, like us. He did not have any miraculous abilities. We felt that since he no longer did anything amazing in front of us. In fact, he began to record his lectures and we would listen to the tapes without seeing him. For that reason, we all stopped attending his lectures and paying the fees we used to pay, which were ten sterling pounds for each lecture.

From his office, Peter Goodwin, the one who lost the trust of the spirits, stated,

I was planning on developing the spiritual powers of my students. Then I was going to give them a diploma for that so they could go and work. They would benefit from it and would benefit others and I would benefit. And although I received many spiritual messages telling me that I must not use my great spiritual gift from God for the purposes of gaining economic rewards, I did not listen. The result was that I began to lose my spiritual powers until they left me completely. How did that happen? Until now I do not know.

Our Comments to this Event

1.This man claimed that he brought forth the spirits but he has no proof for this claim. But there is proof that they were simply devils who were playing with him as he asked the people to make a statue and read some specific incantations. These are things that are pleasing to Satan and angering to Allah.

2. If it were the case that Satan was helping him, then it is very possible that he may have been seen at many places at one time since the devils have been given the ability to resemble humans. That happened in the past and it continues to happen. We have already related that Satan came to the polytheists in the form of Maalik ibn Suraaqa during the battle of Badr. Ibn Taimiya narrated many such incidents.

3. The devils of Peter Goodwin abandoned him in the same way that the devils who appeared like shaikhs abandon the people they promise to defend and help. The same was true for Satan who abandon the monk after he promised to help him. This is to disgrace and humiliate the person who was just previously honored and respected by everybody.

4. Peter was under the impression that this power had come from God, but this is a lie that has no proof for it

Source : The world of Jinn and Devils – Umar S. Ashqar, Al-Basheer Publications

# Precious Gem : Shaytan has three ways of tempting man – Imam Ibn al-Qayyim

A Precious Gem: The Satanic Ways of Tempting

Satan has three ways of tempting man:

One: Increase and extravagance; to have more than one needs. This addition is the way, which Satan uses to enter the heart. To protect oneself from that is to be careful not to fulfill all the needs of the soul like food, sleep, pleasure, or rest. Whenever you close this door, you would be safe from any enemy.

Two: Negligence; whoever remembers Allah is protected by the fortress of remembering Him. When he neglects that he will be  opening the door of this fortress and the enemy will enter. It would then be difficult to drive him out.

Three: Caring for what is not his business in all matters of life.

Soure : Al-Fawaa’id : A Collection of Wise Sayings – Imam Ibn al-Qayyim
Umm AI-Qura For Translation, Publishing and Distribution

A woman does not act as a mahram for another woman – Shaykh Ibn Baaz

Question:

Can a woman be considered a mahram for a woman she is not related to for purposes of traveling or sitting with others?

Response:

A woman cannot be a mahram for another.

The one who is considered mahram is a man that a woman cannot marry due to blood relations, such as her father and her brother, or a man related to her due to marriage, such as her husband, her father-in-law and her step-son, or a man related due to breast feeding, such as her father from breast feeding and so forth.

It is not allowed for a man to be in private with a woman he is not related to nor can he travel with her.

The Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) said,

((A woman does not travel except with a mahram.))

This was recorded by al-Bukhaaree and Muslim.

The Prophet (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) also said,

((A man is never alone with a woman except that Satan is the third.))

This was recorded by Imam Ahmad and others from the Hadeeth of ‘Umar with a saheeh chain.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz
Fataawa al-Mar.ah

An young child below the age of puberty can’t be mahram for his mother – Shaykh Ibn Baz & Shaykh Uthaymeen

The pre-conditions of a mahram

Question:

Is it possible for my son who is nine years of age to be my mahram, since i travelled with him; Is there anything wrong in that?

Response:

Regarding the mahram, the Scholars have mentioned that two conditions must be met:

1) The coming of age (puberty);
2) Mental awareness.

So, whoever has not yet attained puberty then it is not correct for him to be a mahram; and whoever is not yet mentally aware then it is not correct for him to be a mahram since the intent behind the (presence of a) mahram is protection of the wife and maintaining her and preventing any attack upon her. (Clearly) the young child is unable to undertake any of these (roles).

So I say, now the woman – as per the question – has reached her destination, so she is not to return to her husband until he comes and collects her and takes her (back) with him. Alternatively, she can travel with one of her mahrams (father, brother, etc.) – from amongst those who have attained puberty and are mentally aware. As for the young child who is nine years of age, then he cannot be her mahram.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen
I’laam al-Mu’aasireen bi-Fataawa Ibn ‘Uthaymeen – Page 369

Youngest age a male can be a Mahram

Question: What is the youngest age a male can be a mahram for a woman if she wanted to travel?

Response: The youngest age at which a male can become a mahram for a woman is the coming of age; And that (occurs after) the completion of 15 years (of age) or seminal discharge with desire or the growth of hair around the pubic region.

And when (any) of these three signs are present, then he becomes religiously responsible, and it is permissible for him to be a mahram for a woman. And likewise with the presence of (any) one of the three (signs) a woman becomes religiously responsible; And the woman has another sign and that is the (coming on of the) menses.

And Allaah is the Expounder of all success.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz
Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwi’ah – Volume 16, Page 382

Al-Hamu (The in-laws of the wife) is death itself – Permanent Committee

Q 5: In some families the brothers’ wives uncover their faces in the presence of their brothers-in-law. When I advise them, they say they are brothers and do not want to be separated from each other. What is your opinion in this regard?

A: It is not permissible for women to uncover their faces in the presence of their brothers-in-law because they are not Mahrams for them; they are in-laws.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) was asked about Al-Hamu (the in-laws of the wife – the brothers of her husband or his nephews etc.).

The Prophet (peace be upon him) replied: Al-Hamu is death itself.

That is, the bad consequences of uncovering their faces in the presence of them are more harmful because it is treated leniently.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Member     Member     Member     Deputy Chairman     Chairman
Bakr Abu Zayd     `Abdul-`Aziz Al Al-Shaykh     Salih Al-Fawzan     `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Fatwas of Permanent Committee

Browse by Volume Number > Group 1 > Volume 17: Hijab and Adornment > Women’s Hijab and Dress > Rulings related to the brother-in-law > The brother-in-law as not a Mahram

Ruling on women delaying the ‘Isha’ Prayer until twelve at night – Fatwas of Nur Ala Al-Darb

Q 33: Is it permissible for women to pray the ‘Isha’ (night) Prayer after twelve o’clock at night? Is it disliked to perform it at eleven thirty, for instance ?

A: The time of ‘Isha’ Prayer extends until midnight. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The time of ‘Isha’ Prayer extends until midnight. It is impermissible for women to delay the ‘Isha’ Prayer until midnight.

The length of the night varies, so if there are nine hours of night, for instance, then half of this is four hours and half, according to the time of sunset. If it is twelve hours, according to the time of sunset, then its half will be six hours and a half. After this that, it is not permissible for the sick or women to delay it until midnight.

As for men who are not ill, they are to pray with the people in the Masjid (mosque).However, if a man prays at home due to illness, he should pray before midnight and the same applies to the woman.

Fatwas of Nur `Ala Al-Darb

Browse by Volume Number > Volume 7 > Book of Salah > The remaining of the chapter on the conditions of Salah > Women delaying the `Isha’ Prayer until twelve at night