Knowledge is the Key to all Good! – Shaykh Zayd ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee [Audio|Ar-En]

Knowledge is the Key to all Good!
Shaykh Zayd ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee
[Audio|Arabic-English]

A beautiful reminder from our Shaykh regarding the importance of seeking knowledge.
Translated by our brother Sabir Crispen

Listen  / Download Mp3 Here (Time 16:08)

The Tongue – A Dangerous Matter – A Tearful Admonition – Shaykh ‘Abdullaah adh-Dhimaaree [Video|Ar-En]

By Shaykh ‘Abdullaah adh-Dhimaaree
Video Courtesy:  Brother Bilal Nahim

“You Salafis Split the Ummah” – Shaykh Hasan ibn Abdul Wahhab Marzooq al-Banna [Audio|Ar-En]

You Salafis Split the Ummah
Shaykh Hasan ibn Abdul Wahhab Marzooq al-Banna
[Audio|Arabic-English]

The people they say, “You Salafis split between the people and your dawah is to splitting between the people.” This issue of difference and splitting between the people is from the decree of Allah to occur upon this Earth.

Lecture by Shaykh Hassan Al-Banna from UK Tour Series 2012 (Arabic & English)

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 2:32:34)

 

We Have Made You A Balanced Nation – Shaykh Nu’maan al-Watr [Audio|Ar-En]

We Have Made You A Balanced Nation
Shaykh Nu’maan al-Watr (hafidhahullaah)
[Audio|Arabic-English]

We Have Made You A Balanced Nation by Shaykh Nu'maan al-Watr

Bismillaah wa -Alhamdulillaah wa Salaatu wa Salaam ‘alaa Rasulillaah ‘amma ba’d

Muwahhideen Publications facilitated a LIVE tele-lecture with Shaykh Nu’maan al-Watr (hafidhahullaah), who is from the mashaayikh of Ba’daanYemen in the district of Ib, and head of Dar-ul-Hadeeth there. The Shaykhaddressed us on the topic of Islaam being balanced, between negligence and extremism.

This lecture event was translated LIVE into English by our brother Hisham AbouZeid.

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 49:34)

Shaykh Nu’maan al-Watr (hafidhahullaah) commenced this lecture by stating that Islaam is the middle path; it is the Deen void of shirk and it is the Deen that Allaah is pleased with for His slaves. Surely, Allaah has relieved us of shackles and chains and made this Deen easy and comprehensible in both creed and application. The creed is compatible with inherent human nature that has not been corrupted and fulfils the needs of the soul and body. It is the Deen that can solve all the problems of mankind; and whoever holds tenaciously to it will find happiness, guidance and safety and will not be humiliated. The believer will become good in himself and would help others attain goodness.

Our Shaykh further stated that whoever contemplates, would realise that Islaam is between two falsehoods – negligence and extremism. This nation is one that is just and its creed is founded upon worshipping Allaah alone without any partners.

Shaykh Nu’maan then went on to exemplify and explain some of the areas in which Islaam takes the middle course, between negligence and extremism.

From them are:

  • Belief in the Prophets – Between the Jews who reject the prophets and the Christians who deify them.
  • Ibaadah – Between the indolence of the Christians and the extreme hardship in the worship of the Jews.
  • Purity – Between the Christians who hold almost nothing as impure and the extremity of the Jews.
  • Food – Between the Christians who almost do not discern between halaal and haram and the Jews  who, due to retribution for their sins, have many things that were made haram for them.
  • Obeying the ruler – We obey him in what is in accordance to the obedience of Allaah. However if we see from him disobedience, we do not usurp his rights nor do we revolt against him. Rather, we do not obey him in this disobedience and advise him.
  • Obedience to Parents – Between those who obey their parents even if it means disobeying Allaahand those who neglect their parents to the point of disobedience. Children – We do not relax the rules for them to do as they please nor are we so strict that it falls outside the boundaries of Islaam.
  • Women – The woman is not forbidden to learn and teach, however she is bounded by the Shari’ah, which insures her protection and that of the society.
  • Financial transactions – We neither extract assets from the hands of the people nor do we distribute the wealth of the people amongst the lazy and those who do not work. We are allowed to increase our wealth according to the legislation but engaging in interest has been made impermissible.

The Shaykh (hafidhahullaah) ended by saying it is upon us to learn the magnificence of our religion and become acquainted with the tremendous benefits of it in this life and the next. He then made du’aa for us all and asked Allaah to make us from those who are guided and guide others and that this sitting be a proof for us and not against us and that this gathering be a reason for happiness in this life and the next.

Wa Billaahi Tawfeeq

Wa SallAllaahu wa Sallaama wa Barak ‘alaa Nabiyanna Muhammad wa ‘alaa ‘Alyhi wa Sahbyhi wa Sallam

Source : Posted from mpubs.org with Permission

The Perils of Intermingling with The People of Innovation – Shaykh Khalid adh-Dhufayree [Audio|Ar-En]

The Perils of Intermingling with The People of Innovation by Shaykh Khalid adh-Dhufayree

Bismillaah wa -Alhamdulillaah wa Salaatu wa Salaam ‘alaa Rasulillaah ‘amma ba’d

On Tuesday 15th January, 2013, Muwahhideen Publications hosted a LIVE tele-link lecture with Shaykh Khalid adh-Dhufayree (May Allaah Preserve Him), who is from the mashaayikh of Kuwait.

This lecture event was translated LIVE into English.

Listen/Download Mp3 Here  (Time 56:34)

The Shaykh commenced his lecture by stating, the fact that the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) frequently warned against bid’ah (innovation in the religion) in all of his sermons is indicative of the extreme danger of innovation, which is from the reasons of annihilation and destruction. The Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) was keen on ensuring the guidance of his ummah and from the care he had for his nation is that he never left a single door that leads to goodness except that he encouraged going to it and never left a door of evil except that he warned us form going towards it. From the greatest of those evils that have become widespread in this ummah and have caused great confusion to many people are bid’ah (innovation in the religion) and ahwaa (desires)

The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) gave us foundational principles on how to deal with the people of innovation, desires, differing and sects with their various waves. Whether they are from the ancient sects that endured like the JahmiyyahMu’tazilahAsh`aris and other than them; or likewise, the modern day groups like the IkhwaanisTableeghisTakfirees and Qutbis; all of them are innovated sects.

Shaykh adh-Dhufayree (hafidhahullaah) then went on to mention some ahadeeth where the Prophet(sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) warned against bid’ah; and he has shown us the way to escape and survive innovations, which is to beware of them, warn against them, avoid them and their people and to refrain from mingling with the people of innovation.

So boycotting ahlul bid’ah is from the greatest foundations in the religion that will continue to preserve the deen of a Muslim and protect him from the evil of the people of innovation and misguidance. This principle has been clarified in the Book of Allaah, and the Salaf were keen on establishing it.

Our Shaykh then proceeded to narrate a wealth of athaar (narrations) from the Salaf concerning intermingling with ahlul bid’ah wal ahwaa. He said that the people of bid’ah actually scheme and plot against Ahlus Sunnah, so they enter into our ranks with the intention of misguiding us and begin by talking about the Sunnah then gradually introduce their innovation. So it behoves a man of the Sunnah, a Salafi to be intelligent and insightful in recognizing these approaches by the people of innovation and desires.

He continued by stating that there is consensus of the Salaf, in all ages of the ummah, about boycotting and warning against ahlul bid’ahwal ahwaa due to the eminent danger in mingling with them. Furthermore, Shaykh adh-Dhufayree (hafidhahullaah) clarified that our Salaf did not only warn against innovations but the innovators as well because surely innovations do not spread on their own; they need marketers. So if the innovators are warned against, boycotted and refuted, the innovations that they carry will surely weaken and die. However, in our times a people have emerged with a misguided and false principle, which maintains that you can warn against the innovation but not the innovator which is in total opposition to the Sunnah of the Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and the consensus of the Salaf.

Our Shaykh went on to quote the statements Ahlul ‘Ilm concerning sitting with and keeping the company of the people of innovation and earnestly advised us to flee from them. He continued that one should fear misguidance for himself, so it is obligatory to be as distant from the people of innovation as possible and we must beware of them, warn against them and not praise them. And from the greatest ways of remaining firm is to turn to Allaah, asking Him for steadfastness upon the deen and to leave off intermingling with ahlul bid’ah.

In clarifying this pertinent issue of the perils of intermingling with the people of innovation, Shaykh Khalid adh-Dhufayree (hafidhahullaah) went into much detail by abundantly quoting our Salaf regarding this topic. A must listen for the seeker of Truth.

Wa Billaahi Tawfeeq

Wa SallAllaahu wa Sallaama wa Barak ‘alaa Nabiyanna Muhammad wa ‘alaa ‘Alyhi wa Sahbyhi wa Sallam

Source: Posted with Permission from http://www.mpubs.org

An Explanation of The Ahadeeth of The Hawdh of The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) – Shaykh ‘Abdullaah al-Hadaad [Audio|Ar-En]

An Explanation of The Ahadeeth of The Hawdh of The Prophet (sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) by Shaykh 'Abdullaah al-Hadaad

Shaykh ‘Abdullaah al-Hadaad  is a student of Ash-Shaykh Al-Allaamah Al-Muhaddith, The Imaam of Yemen, Shaykh Abu ‘Abdur Rahmaan Muqbil Ibn Hadee al-Waadi’ee (rahimahullaah) and is currently the Imaam of Masjid Siddeeq in Dhimaar, Yemen.

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 74:31)

Introducing the topic, Shaykh ‘Abdullaah (hafidhahullaah) explained that linguistically, a hawdh is a place where water gathers and it is the place from which the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) will allow his nation to drink on Yawmul Qiyaamah (The Day of Resurrection). There is ijmaa’ (consensus) amongst ahlul haqq (the people of the truth) regarding the hawdh and according to Al-Haafidh As-Suyooti (rahimahullaah), the mention of the hawdh has come from over fifty companions, including the four rightly guided caliphs, the prolific narrators of ahadeeth from the companions and other than them. He went on to say that despite the wealth of ahadeeth affirming the hawdh, there are those who deny its existence and thus it is befitting that they be prevented from drinking from it.

Next, the Shaykh provided us with an abundance of narrations from various books of hadeeth about thehawdh, its description and the events that will take place at it in addition to the statements of the scholars of the past concerning it.

From its description:

  • It is massive
  • It is a noble place to drink from
  • The one who drinks from it will never be thirsty again
  • It is supplied directly from the river Kawthar in Jannah
  • It is whiter than milk, sweeter than honey, cooler than snow and more pleasant to smell than misk
  • Its chalices are more numerous than the stars in the sky
  • Its length and width is equal
  • Every time you drink from it, it will only increase what is in it
  • In it are growing trunks of gold, musk and pearls which will bear fruit of all types of jewels

Shaykh ‘Abdullaah al-Hadaad (hafidhahullaah) further discussed the positions of Ahlul ‘Ilm (The People of Knowledge) on the order in which events will occur regarding the hawdh, the siraat and the mizaan. He then proceeded to narrate numerous ahadeeth about those who will be prevented from drinking from the hawdh of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) on the day of the greatest thirst.

Those who will be prevented from drinking from the hawdh include:

  • Those who lie upon Allaah and His Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)
  • Those who innovate in the deen from the rawaafidhkhawaarij and the rest of ahlul bid’ah wal ahwaa (the people of innovation and desires)
  • Those who are extreme in dhulm (oppression)
  • Those who blot out the truth
  • Those who are lackadaisical in the amount of sin and transgression they commit
  • Those who sinned publicly

It was authentically reported that the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) stated:

“Certain people will be driven away from my Hawdh (the Prophet’s Basin in the Hereafter) on the Day of Judgment and I will say: “O my Lord, my Ummah my Ummah (another version reads: and I will say: My Companions, my Companions). It will be said (to me): “You do not know what they did after you (died). They continued deviating from the right path since you left them.”

[Related by Al-Bukhaari, Book on Prophets, Chpater on Allaah’s Saying: “And Allaah did take Ibraheem as a Khaleel”, no. 3349]

This is merely a brief summary of the immense benefits contained in this highly informative lecture. All are encouraged to listen to it in order to become acquainted with the belief of Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamaa’ahconcerning this significant affair.

We ask Allaah to make us from those who drink from the hawdh of the Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and we seek refuge in Him from being prevented from doing so on that severe day.

Wa Billaahi Tawfeeq

Wa SallAllaahu wa Sallaama wa Barak ‘alaa Nabiyanna Muhammad wa ‘alaa ‘Alyhi wa Sahbyhi wa Sallam

Source : Posted with Permission from : http://www.mpubs.org

Does The Ends Justify The Means ? – Shaykh Salih Ali-Shaykh

Shaykh Salih Ali-Shaykh [1]  on Political Demonstrations
& the Principle: “The ends justify the means”[2]

As for what people state that: “The ends justify the means” – this is wrong and not from our Islamic legislation. On the contrary, in the legislation, the means have specific rulings and with the condition that they be initially permissible. If the means are forbidden, such as a person drinking alcohol for medicinal purposes, then even if there may be some sort of remedy in it, it is still forbidden. So, not all means may have the same ruling as the end result. Rather, the means must be permissible in themselves.

It is also not always the case that a servant (of Allah) may assume that since certain means are successful, he’s therefore allowed to take them. An example of this is political demonstrations. For example, if a large group of people comes as says, “If we stage a demonstration, this will pressure the leader and then consequently he will have to change and rectify the situation. The end justifies the means.” We say that this is completely false because the means in themselves are forbidden. These actions, even though the goal may be sincere and necessary, still the origin is impermissible. It is just like a person using a forbidden substance for some cure. Thus, there are many means and methods someone’s intellect may come up with, yet they may not be justified by the end result. So, this is for sure a false principle.

The means must be permissible in origin and then the ruling of the end result is applied to them; if the end result is allowable, the means are allowed. If it is obligatory, then the means are likewise.[3]

[1] Salih Ali-Shaykh: One of the leading scholars of Saudi Arabia, a member of the Council of Senior Scholars, and the current minister of Islaamic Affairs in Saudi Arabia. (born 1362 Hijrah / 1941).

[2] This fatwa was taken from a book called “al-Fatawa al-Shar’iyyah fi al-Qadhaya Al-‘Asriyyah,” a collection of various rulings by Muhammad Ibn Fahd al-Husayn.

[3] Taken from the cassette: Fatawa al-‘Ulama fi Hukm al-Tafjirat wal-Muzaharat wal-Ightiyalat.

Reference: http://www.answering-extremism.com/trans-pub/ae_sas_1.pdf

The Reality of Tawheed and Shirk – Ibn Baaz – Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee [Audio|En]

This lecture was given in Orlando, FL on Friday, December 21, 2012 as part of their 3 day seminar.

This was originally taken from a work of the noble sheikh, al-allaama Abdul-Aziz ibnu Baaz, rahimahullah, regarding the Reality of Tawheed and Shirk.

Listen / Download Mp3 Here  (Time 1:02:11) [Audio|English]

http://followthesalaf.com

Read – Essence of Tawhid and Shirk – Ibn Baz

Celebrating Valentine’s Day (‘Eid ul-Hubb or Holiday of Love) – Permanent Committee

Fatwa no. 21203
Fatwa from Permanent Committee :

Question :

Some people celebrate Valentine’s Day on February 14 by exchanging red roses, dressing in red, and congratulating one another on that day. Some cake shops make heart-shaped cakes in red and draw hearts on them and other shops advertise special items on sale for this day. What is your opinion on:

First: Celebrating this day?
Second: Buying from these stores on this day?
Third: Shop owners who do not celebrate this day selling gifts to be given by those who do celebrate it?

May Allah reward you with the best!

Answer:

The clear-cut evidence from the Qur’an and Sunnah, upon which the Salaf (righteous predecessors) of this Ummah (nation based on one creed) unanimously agreed, confirms that there are only two Eids (festivals) in Islam: Eid-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) and Eid-ul-Adha (the Festival of the Sacrifice). Any other festival, whether peculiar to a person, a group, an event, or any other reason, is an invented festival that is not permissible for Muslims to celebrate, approve of, enjoy, or support in any way, because this is considered to be a transgression of the Limits of Allah.  Anyone who transgresses the limits set by Allah has wronged themselves.

If we add to this fabricated festival the fact that it is one of the festivals of the Kafirs (disbelievers), this heaps sin upon sin, because it entails resembling them and is a type of support of them. Allah (may He be Glorified) forbids the Mumins (believers), in His Ever-Glorious Book, from imitating or supporting the Kafirs. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Anyone who imitates a people is one of them.” (Abu Dawud, Sunan, Book on clothing, no. 4031; Ahmad, Musnad, vol. 2, p. 50). Valentine’s Day falls under this heading, as it is one of the idolatrous Christian festivals. It is not lawful for a Muslim who believes in Allah and the Last Day to celebrate, approve of, or congratulate people on it; it is forbidden to them. Rather, it is obligatory for them to ignore and avoid it, in obedience to Allah and His Messenger and to keep away from that which will arouse Allah’s Anger and incur Punishment.

It is also Haram (prohibited) for Muslims to support this festival or any other Haram festival by any means, whether by supplying food or drinks; selling, buying, manufacturing, gift-giving, correspondence, advertising etc., because all this comes under cooperating in sin and transgression and disobeying Allah and His Messenger.

Allah (may He be Glorified and Exalted) says:

“Help you one another in Al-Birr and At-Taqwa (virtue, righteousness and piety); but do not help one another in sin and transgression. And fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is Severe in punishment.” (Surah Al-Ma’idah, 5: 2)

It is obligatory for Muslims to adhere to the Qur’an and Sunnah in all matters, especially in times of Fitnah (trial) when corruption is widespread. They must be sagacious enough and on their guard to avoid falling into the misguidance of those who have earned Allah’s Anger, those who went astray, or the Fasiqs (those flagrantly violating Islamic law) who have no fear of Allah nor have pride in being Muslims. Muslims should resort to Allah, asking for guidance and steadfastness in Islam, as it is Allah Alone Who guides and keeps us steadfast.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, and his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member – Member – Member – Chairman
Bakr Abu Zayd – Salih Al-Fawzan – Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan  – Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah Al Al-Shaykh

Fatwas of the Permanent Committee 
Browse by Volume Number > Group 2 > Volume 2: `Aqidah > Feasts > Celebrating Valentine’s Day

Source Link alifta.net

Some Tremendous Scholarly Benefits – Relayed by student Abu Remlah Adam Lazerus (hafidhahullaah)

Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah

Amma-ba’d

Some Tremendous Scholarly Benefits
Relayed by student Abu Remlah Adam Lazerus (hafidhahullaah)

– Simple yet Tremendous Advice from the Salaf

Abul ‘Aaliyah (d. 93H, rahimahullaah) said:

“Upon you is (to stick to) the First Affair which they used to be upon BEFORE the people split (and deviated).”

Ibn ‘Abbaas  (radiallaahu ‘anhumma) advised Uthman Al-Azdi:

“Upon you is to have Taqwaa of Allaah and uprightness; FOLLOW and do NOT innovate.” شرح السنة للبغوي

– The Importance of Tawheed & Rectification of ‘Aqeedah

Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee (hafidhahullaah) said:

The Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) did NOT care about establishing the state (a government), rather he only gave care to establishing at-Tawheed!

– Ahlus-Sunnah Do not Betray the Truth

Shaykh Abu Muhammad Ahmad Subay’ee (hafidhahullaah) said:

A person of Sunnah may fall short and may sin [it’s possible], but he doesn’t betray the Truth, like Ahl-Ahwa` (people of desires & bidah) betray it.

– The Importance of Sincerity and a Warning against what opposes it

Shaikh Abu ‘Uthmaan Muhammad Al-Anjaaree (hafidhahullaah) said:

There’s a difference between (one) who wants to spread the Truth & between (one) who wants his status to be raised due to spreading the Truth.

Shaikh Abu ‘Uthmaan Muhammad Al-Anjaaree (hafidhahullaah) said:

Do not use your Religion or your ‘Aqeedah as a bridge to attain your wordly goals. Allaah is the most not in need of Shirk!

– Clarity in The Religion – distinction between truth and falsehood – and closing the door to any confusion

Shaykh Abu Muhammad Ahmad Subay’ee (hafidhahullaah) said:

To say generally “go to the people of knowledge” doesn’t provide guidance to the creation. We must name them as the Salaf did – after the fitnah occurred – as in Sahih Muslim: “Name us your men.” So now, name for us: who are the trustworthy carriers of knowledge whom you guide the youth to? So it is necessary that we name Shaikh Rabee’ bin Haadee al-Madkhalee, Shaikh ‘Ubaid al-Jaabiree, Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan, and other than them upon their way, so people won’t be upon ignorance and confusion.

Shaikh Muhammad Nasir-ud-Deen al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) said:

“Verily, the true Religion of Islaam separates, and that is because the Qur`an separates. It separates between truth and falsehood, and our da’wah separates between truth and falsehood. And due to that, our Da’wah – which is the da’wah of truth – separates between the person of truth and the person of falsehood. And that is what the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) did when he came with his da’wah.”

Shaikh Rabee’ bin Haadee al-Madkhalee (hafidhahullaah) said:

Upon you is to have (تميز) differentiation in your da’wah. Ahl-Sunna MUST clarify Truth which differentiates between them & ahl-bidah.

Shaykh Abu Muhammad Ahmad Subay’ee (hafidhahullaah) said:

Whoever only wants to confront outright falsehood, then most of the time he doesn’t strive to make the Truth clear & apparent.

– Beware of Ahlul-Bid’ah and their deceptions, false claims, tricks, lies…

Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee al-Madkhalee (hafidhahullaah) said:

Dr. Ibraheem Ruhayli – and those like him – deceive the Salafees and the beginner students of knowledge, so due to that we say:  They are people of doubts; it is not permissible to:

* sit with them
* or listen to them
* or take knowledge from them.

Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee (hafidhahullaah) said:

In this time, they come with a new Manhaj, saying, ‘so and so is Salafee or Sunni, but he has mistakes.’ But when you look into his mistakes, you see he is a Kharijee or Rafidee by speaking bad about the sahaaba, or Jahmee. So this claim of theirs (that he is Salafee) is false. [Sharh Ibaana Sughraa]

Ibn ‘Awn (d.151H, rahimahullaah) said:

“Those who sit with ahl-bidah are MORE SEVERE upon us than ahl-bidah themselves.”

Shaykh ‘Ubaid ibn ‘Abdullaah al-Jaabiree (hafidhahullaah) said:

Nothing has strengthened many of ahl-bidah today as much as the excuses made for them by some who claim to be from Ahl-Sunnah!

Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee Al-Madkhali (hafidhahullaah) said:

Theseجمعيات (dawah organizations) STEAL PEOPLE’S ‘AQEEDAH by giving them money!

– From Jihaad in the way of Allaah

Shaykh Ahmad ibn Yahya An-Najmee (rahimahullaah) said:

Seeking knowledge of the Qur`an, Sunnah & way of Salaf FROM SALAFI SCHOLARS is from striving in the Path of Allaah.

Shaykh Ahmad ibn Yahya An-Najmee (rahimahullaah) said:

Striving against ahl-bidah, and clarifying their danger and corruption is from striving in the Path of Allaah.

Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee (hafidhahullaah) said:

Ibn Battah (rahimahullaah) listed names of imams of misguidance, even though they were dead and gone, so that all who live after can beware of their books.

– A Warning against Refusing to Aid the Truth

Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee al-Madkhalee (hafidhahullaah) said:

As for the mukathilah (those who don’t aid the truth and its people) today, they are treacherously attacking Ahlus-Sunnah. By Allaah, they are more harmful than those who are originally people of Bid’ah, whose bid’ah is apparent (those who don’t hide their bid’ah). The Salaf used to warn against those who sit with Ahlul-Bid’ah, so what about someone who takes Ahlul-Bid’ah as companions and defends them. There is no doubt he is from Ahlul-Bid’ah; he openly defends them.

Shaikh Abu ‘Uthmaan Muhammad Al-Anjaaree (hafidhahullaah) said:

From the enemies of Ahlus-Sunnah are al-mukhaithilah (those who don’t aid the truth and its people), and from al-mukhaithilah are those sick with a hidden desire: the disease of loving fame, leadership, and finding status for oneself. 

– No one is above the truth!

Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee (hafidhahullaah) said:

When we mention Abu Hanifa’s opposition to the hadeeth, it doesn’t mean we disgrace him, but the hadeeth are greater to our hearts.

Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee (hafidhahullaah) said:

The one who speaks without knowledge should be advised; if he doesn’t accept, he should be boycotted & abandoned إبانةصغرى

– The importance of Following the Sunnah, and the Deviance of those who prevent it!

Shaikh Muhammad Ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee (hafidhahullaah) relayed that Imam Ahmad (rahimahullaah) said:

“Whoever prohibits people from raising their hands during the prayer (at the start of the prayer, before ruku’, and after ruku’) is an Innovator!

‘Abdullaah Ibn ‘Umar (radiallaahu ‘ahumma) would gather pebbles to throw at whoever he saw not raising his hands during the prayer – to show his rejection of them – because they opposed the Sunnah of Muhammad (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).” [Sharh Ibaana Sughraa]

Ibn Abi Dawood (d. 316 H, rahimahullaah) said:

The people of opinion are people of bid’ah. —-> Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee (hafidhahullaah) said: Verily, bid’ah is the result of opinion.

– How Evil are Ahlul-Bid’ah! They Hate Hadeeth!

Baqiyyah said: “[Imam] Al-Awza’ee said to me:

‘Oh Abu Muhammad. What do you say about a people who hate the hadeeth of their Prophet?’ So I said: ‘They are an evil people.’

Then Al-Awza’ee said:

There’s not a person of bid’ah that you tell him a hadeeth of the Messenger of Allaah (salaallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) that opposes his bid’ah except that he hates the hadeeth!”

[Sharf AsHabul-Hadeeth al-Khateeb]  [So instead of repenting and freeing himelf from his bid’ah and hating his bid’ah, he chooses instead to hate revelation! How evil are Ahlul-Bid’ah!!]

Shaykh Abu Muhammad Ahmad Subay’ee (hafidhahullaah) said:

From the virtues and tremendous Mercy and Generosity of Allaah is that all the Imams of the Arabic language were likewise Imams from Ahlus-Sunnah until the 3rd Generation. So the correct understanding of the meanings of the Qur`an and Sunnah were preserved how the Sahaaba understood them. Then Ahlul-Bid’ah saw how they can use the language to mis-interpret the meanings of the text to lead the people astray. They also translated the bid’ah of the disbelievers and clothed it in Arabic.

Shaykh ‘Ubaid ibn ‘Abdullaah al-Jaabiree (hafidhahullaah) said:

And all the new da’wah groups are opponents to Salafiyyah, and they are all enemies to the Sunnah. This is because they are astray and lead others astray. And what is sufficient as a proof of their misguidance is that they have all been established upon the statements of mankind and the foundations laid by mankind… But as for Salafiyyah, it has no founder from amongst mankind, rather it is from Allaah! It was [conveyed] by the Prophets and Messengers.

– Loving for Allaah’s Sake

Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee al-Madkhalee (hafidhahullaah) said:

1- Love & Hate for Allaah’s sake is a tremendous foundation of Eeman in the books of ‘Aqeedah; it is WAJIB on the Muslim to pay CLOSE attention!

2- Must Love for Allaah’s sake (the one) who is upright on obedience to Allaah & His Messenger (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) – EVEN IF no relation (to you), far away & against you in worldly matters!

3- Must Hate for Allaah (the one) who opposes Allaah & His Messenger (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), or befriends opposers EVEN IF (he is) close relative (of yours) or aids you in worldly matters إبانةصغرى

– Tazkiya is upon knowledge

Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah) said:

Don’t recommend & praise someone EXCEPT UPON KNOWLEDGE…If only those who recommend people would stop doing that. شرح السنة#

– Reasons for Deviance!

Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee (hafidhahullaah) said:

Everyone who has left the path of Ahl-Sunnah has [left] due to his sitting with the people of desires & innovations. إبانةصغرى

Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee (hafidhahullaah) said:

If you sit with a person of bidah, it’s your first step to becoming from ahl-bidah & leaving Ahl-Sunnah; your Deen has weakened.

Abu Qulaabah (d.107 H, rahimahullaah) said:

Verily the people of desires(bid’ah) are people of misguidance, and I only see that their path leads to the Hellfire.

Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee (hafidhahullaah) said:

Da’wah to ahl-bidah does NOT necessitate any friendship or keeping company with them or prolonged sitting with them.

– Cheating and Deceiving the Ummah

Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee (hafidhahullaah) said:

If you’re asked about one you know has been refuted, but you remain silent, then you have CHEATED the ummah of Muhammad (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).  إبانة

 Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan (hafidhahullaah) said:

Remaining silent about ahlul-bid’a is the greatest ghish (deception) of the Muslims, and is not permissible!

– Harming the perception of Islaam, making themselves obstacles in the spread of Islaam

Shaykh ‘Ubaid ibn ‘Abdullaah al-Jaabiree (hafidhahullaah) said:

During the first three virtuous generations, thousands – if not Millions – had entered Islaam out of love for it and love for its people. And they saw how Islaam preserved their rights, wealth and lives. They saw in it justice and that the Muslims ruled with justice, and a Muslim couldn’t oppress a disbeliever. If a disbeliever had a right taken by a Muslim, he could take him to a judge and get his right. So are the Khawaarij who (falsely) claim to be “Ahlus-Sunnah” upon this? Never!!

Source: http://twitter.com/aburemlah

The Difference Between Seeking Refuge and Taking Refuge – Ibnul al-Qayyim

Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah
Amma-ba’d

The Difference Between Seeking Refuge and Taking Refuge

Imam Ibnul-Qayyim (rahimahullaah) gave a beautiful explanation of taking refuge (a’oodhu), and from that long explanation, he said: “Its essential meaning is to flee from that which you fear will harm you to that which will safeguard you from it.” …The meaning of a’oodhu is: “I take refuge, guard myself and take precaution.”

Also, Ibnul-Qayyim explained the difference between seeking refuge (asta’idhu) and taking refuge (a’oodhu):

“If it is asked: When one is commanded to take refuge with Allaah, why does the form of the command carry a “seen” and “ta”? For example in His saying:…Seek refuge with Allaah from Shaitaan (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one). (An-Nahl, ayah 98)Yet one says: I take refuge (a’oodhu) and ‘I took refuge’ (ta’awwadhtu) without including the “seen” and “ta”?

The reply is: The “seen” and “ta” are grammatically used to denote a person’s seeking something. Therefore when one says, ‘Asta’idhu with Allaah,’ he is saying, ‘I seek refuge with Him.’ When he says, ‘Astaghfirullaah,’ he is saying, ”I seek the forgiveness of Allaah.”

However, when the person says, ‘I take refuge (a’oodhu) with Allaah,’ he is actually implementing and realizing what he seeks, because he sought refuge and protection with Allaah. There is a clear difference between actually taking refuge and seeking refuge. Therefore, because the one who is taking refuge is actually recoursing to Allaah, and holding firmly to Him, he says the verb that denotes this rather than saying the verb that denotes that he only seeks this.

The opposite is true for the saying, ‘Astaghfirullaah’ (I seek the forgiveness of Allaah), for in this case the person is asking Allaah to forgive him. Therefore, when he says, ‘Astaghfirullaah,’ he is implementing what he desires because the meaning of this statement is, ‘I ask Allaah that He forgive me.’

This then is the best way of seeking refuge, and it was for this reason that the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) used to say: “I take refuge with Allaah from the accursed Shaytaan,” and “I take refuge with Allaah’s perfect words,” and ‘”I take refuge with the Might and Power of Allaah,’ saying, ‘a’oodhu’ rather than ‘asta’idhu.’ Indeed, this is what Allaah taught him to say with His words:

Say: “I take refuge with (Allaah) the Lord of the daybreak, (Al-Falaq, ayah 1)
Say: “I take refuge with (Allaah) the Lord of mankind, (An-Nas, ayah 1)

Employing the word ‘a’oodhu’ rather than ‘asta’idhu.’

(Ibnul al-Qayyim, Bada`i al-Fawa`id, vol. 1, pg. 439-441; Tafsir al-Qayyim, pp. 538-541)
Taken from : http://groups.yahoo.com/group/SalafisOfFlorida/message/1524

From The Virtues of Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq (radiallaahu Ta’aala ‘anhu) – Shaikh Muhammad ibn Salih al-‘Uthaimeen (rahimahullaah)

Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah
Amma-ba’d

From The Virtues of Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (radiallaahu Ta’aala ‘anhu)
Jumu’ah khutbah given by Shaikh Muhammad ibn Salih al-‘Uthaimeen (rahimahullaah)

All Praise is for Allaah. All Praise is for Allaah. All Praise is for Allaah, The One Who sent His Messenger Muhammad (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) to the best of generations, and chose for him companions – the most whole and complete in intellect, the most upright in religion, the most abundant in knowledge, and the bravest hearts – a people who truly strove in the way of Allaah, Who established the Religion with them, and made them triumphant over all the world as they wished to make His Word the most high and victorious.

And I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah, Who is Alone and has no partner, Illaahul Awaleen wal Akhireen (The True God of the first and the last), and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger, the seal of the Prophets and leader of the righteous. May Allaah’s peace and blessings be upon him, his family, companions and followers in perfection til the Day of Judgement. As to what proceeds:

Oh slaves of Allaah! Know that Allaah chose Muhammad (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) from the children of Adam to send to all of mankind after him. Allaah, The Most High, chose to send him with the most perfect, sound and suitable Religion for the creation with regards to both their faith and wordly affairs. So for certain, his companions – whom he was sent – are the best of generations, as has been firmly and authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: The best of people are my generation, then those that follow them, then those that follow them.Oh slaves of Allaah! Beware of what this generation of the companions possessed of virtue, struggled in the way of Allaah, inviting to Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, and supported the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). Beware that they possessed numerous virtues and many great characteristics. By way of them, Allaah supported the religion of Islaam, and with it, made them victorious. And from them were the rightly-guided Caliphs and leaders, those who established the rule after the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) in the best way, thus preserving the Religion, and governing the people with justice and wisdom.

Their rule was the best of the past and the best of the future. And we don’t say this haphazardly or blindly, and we don’t say this as a mere unsupported claim. But we say this, as their actions bear witness to it, and speak for what they did.

—–

The most lofty of them in ability and highest in honor was Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Uthman (radiallaahu Ta’aala ‘anhu). The sun neither rose nor set above anyone – after the Prophets – better than Abu Bakr. The sun neither rose nor set – since Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) created it until the Last Day – over anyone, after the Prophets (‘alayhimi salaam), better than Abu Bakr As-Siddiq (radiallaahu Ta’aala ‘anhu).

The Prophet (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) left him behind for his nation, appointing him the first ruler, after its Prophet. From a signal from him (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), which is very close to being clearly explicit, as it has been authentically reported in al-Bukhaaree that : a woman came to the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) for a need. And he (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) ordered her to return to him later, meaning that he did not take care of her need at that time, but rather he ordered her to return to him later. And she said, “What if I don’t find you?” And he (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: Go to Abu Bakr.

This is an explicit quote, showing that Abu Bakr was to be the ruler after the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). Likewise,

Teaching the child Kalimatut-Tawheed (Laa Ilaaha Illallah – There is no god/deity deserving of worship in truth except Allah)

Teaching the child Kalimatut-Tawheed
(Laa Ilaaha Illallah – There is no god/deity deserving of worship in truth except Allah)

From the book “Taribeeyatul-Awlaad fee Dhaw’il-Kitaab was Sunnah” (Educating the Children in the Light of the Book (Qur’aan) and the Sunnah), introduced by Ash-Shaykh, Al-Aalim, Ar-Rabbaaniyy (the educator) Saalih inb Fawzaan Al-Fawzaan (May Allah preserve him upon good) and prepared by Abdus-Salaam Ibn Abdillah Sulaymaan (May Allah preserve him upon good).

Point 12: Teaching the child the Statement of At-Tawheed (Tawheed is to single out Allah alone, in all acts of worship).

So the first of what the child begins with in speech, obligatory upon al-waalidayn (the father and mother), is teaching him Kalimatut-Tawheed, and to instruct to it.

Ibn Abbaas (May Allah be pleased with his father and him) narrates that An-Nabiyy (the Prophet) (Allah’s peace and blessings upon him) said: ((Establish upon your children the first statement, Laa Ilaaha Illallah and instruct them at the time of death Laa Ilaaha Illallah)).

Umm Sulaym (May Allah be pleased with her), used to teach her son Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) to say: Laa Ilaaha Illallah (There is no god deserving of worship in truth except Allah). Say: I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and that was before Al-Fitaam (the end of 2 year suckling or nursing period of a baby from his mother).

It must be repeated in front of him, and this is pertaining to the mother and she plays with him. It then becomes habitual. To bring about understanding, she explains to him a simple explanation teaching him its meaning.

He knows that Allah is One, and He has no partner(s). He is Al-Khaaliq (The Creator). He is above the heavens, and He rises above His Arsh (Throne). He is fully aware (in sight and knowledge) over us and knowledgeable of our affairs. He hears and sees. Verily He is Al-Qaadir (His will and decree is over everything).

Trusting upon Allah becomes habitual and Allah is Ash-Shaafee (the One Who cures and gives good health). It is obligatory upon us to love Him and to worship Him. Likewise, the child is to be taught to love An-Nabiyy (Allah’s peace and blessings upon him), and to obey him. He is to be told something regarding his (An-Nabiyy) behaviour and his traits. That he loved children and played with them and similar to that of what she teaches him of their understanding.

It is repeated upon them: ((Who is your Lord? Who is your Prophet? What is your Religion?)) and ((Where is Allah?)).

He learns about love of the Companions (May Allah be pleased with them all) and the righteous (May Allah have mercy upon them). He memorises Al-Faatihah, Suratul-Ikhlaas and Al-Mu’awwidhatayn ( Suratul-Falaq and Suratun-Naas).

Aboo Abdir-Rahmaan Abdur-Raqeeb
http://insightaudio.com/pub/?p=513

Naseehah (Advice) from Shaykh Hasan Abdul-Wahhaab Al-Bannaa

Naseehah (Advice) from Shaykh Hasan Abdul-Wahhaab Al-Bannaa
Posted by Abdur-Raqeeb @ http://insightaudio.com/pub/?p=419

As Salaamu Alaykum wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakaatuh. May Allah have mercy upon me, you and all of the Muslims. Aameen.

Once, I entered the masjid for our class with our Shaykh Hasan Abdul-Wahhaab Marzouq Al-Bannaa (may Allah preserve him, and his family upon good), I found him praying. After I offered my prayer of greeting the masjid, I greeted the Shaykh, and kissed his head. We talked about how each of us spent our Eid and the conditions of our families. After this the Shaykh began to drink his tea, which was prepared for him.

I asked the Shaykh, how does one become a strong student, treading the path of seeking knowledge? The Shaykh replied, Patience (Sabr). He said this 3 times. He said patience with Allah, in good and bad times. Patience with yourself, patience with ease and with hardships. Patience with your family and friends. Patience with knowledge. Patience with the Qur’aan. Patience with learning the Arabic language. I thanked the Shaykh and returned to my place of sitting.

After a short while, the Shaykh motioned to me to come to him. He told me, not to waste time. He told me to guard my time from the time wasters. He told me not to waste my time with that which wont bring about any benefit. Guard your time against your desires. Give knowledge all of your time. Tire yourself with seeking knowledge. Do not become distracted by those who want to take your knowledge. Once again I thanked the Shaykh and returned to my place of sitting.

After a short period, the Shaykh motioned to me again to come to him. He told me to engulf myself in reading the Qur’aan. He said to read the Qur’aan in abundance. Over and over and over. He said to read the Qur’aan when you wake from your sleep, read the Qur’aan before you go to bed. The more you read the Qur’aan, the better you will become in the Arabic language. So constantly read the Qur’aan.

He also told me to listen to the tapes of the Ulamaa (major scholars), from the likes of Shaykh Al-Albaanee, Shaykh Al-Uthaymeen, Shaykh Ibn Baaz, and Shaykh Saalih Aali Shaykh.

Later on the Shaykh was asked about the rights of the Qur’aan. Is it better to read it or to memorize it?

He, the Shaykh (may Allah preserve him, and his family) said, one should read the Qur’aan. The Qur’aan is to be read. To memorize it is good. But if it cant be memorized, so read it. Read it in your prayers, before you sleep, when you wake. Before prayer and after prayer. Always have a mushaf (copy of the Qur’aan) near you, everywhere. In Shaa Allah.

May Allah have mercy upon us all.

The Times When it is Not Permissible to Perform the Optional Prayers – Al-Mulakhas Al-Fiqhi – Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee [Audio|En]

Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee (hafidhahullaah)
Audio Courtesy: http://followthesalaf.com
[Mp3|English]

From the book Al-Mulakhas al-Fiqhi (A Summary of Islamic Jurisprudence) by Sheikh Saaleh al-Fawzaan. The book of Salaah. Class of Monday, December 24, 2012.

In this class we continue in the chapter on as-Salat (prayer) in the section of The Times When it is Not Permissible to Perform the Optional Prayers.

Because we have learned the virtue of performing the optional prayers, so it is important to know the times in which they are prohibited.  Do you know the 5 times?  Do you know any of the exceptions to these?  Listen to find out…

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 57:30)

Family Matters: The Muslim Home – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio|En]

Family Matters – The Muslim Home
Abu Muhammad al Maghribee (hafidhahullaah)
http://followthesalaf.com/
[Audio|English]

This class was given in Masjid at-Tawheed, Stone Mountain, GA.

In this class we begin a mini-series on the Muslim Home.

Part 01: Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 1:07:27) (29/02/2012)

Part 02: Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 01:04:09)

Part 03: Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 58:04)

Part 04: Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 54:38)

“And of his signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquility in them; and he placed between you affection and mercy. Indeed in that are signs for a people who give thought.” (Ar-Room: 21)

“And Allaah has made for you from your homes a place of rest…” (An-Nahl: 80)

 The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: “He who remembers his Lord and he who does not remember his Lord are like the living and the dead.” – Al-Bukhari, cf., Al-Asqalani, Fathul-Bari 11/208; Muslim 1/539 with the wording “The house in which Allah is remembered and the house in which Allah is not remembered is like the living and the dead.”

“Do not make your houses like graveyards; Satan runs away from houses in which the chapter of Al-Baqarah is recited.” (Muslim)

Zaid bin Thabit (May Allah be pleased with him)reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “O people! perform your (voluntary) Salat (prayers) in your homes because the best Salat of a man is the one he performs at home, except the obligatory Salat.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Observe part of the [Nawafil (voluntary)] Salat (prayers) in your homes. Do not turn your homes into graves.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

“May Allaah have mercy upon the man who wakes up to pray during the night and wakes his wife to pray, and if she does not wake up he splashes water on her face. May Allaah have mercy upon the woman who wakes up to pray during the night and wakes her husband to pray, and if he does not wake up she splashes water on his face.” (Ahmad, Abu Daawood, Nasaa’i & Ibn Maajah).

“All of you are guardians and all of you will be questioned (by Allaah) about your responsibilities …A woman is the guardian of her husband’s home and she will be questioned By Allaah) about her responsibilities (i.e., about her children, property, duties etc.)…” (Bukhaari & Muslim).

The Most Amazing of The Creation in Eeman

Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah
Amma-ba’d
From Anas – radiyallaahu ‘anhu – who said:

The Prophet – salallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – said:

Which of the creation are most amazing in Eemaan?

They said: “The Angels.”

He said: The Angels – how could they not have Eemaan?!

They said: “The Prophets.”

He said: The Prophets have Revelation sent to them: how could they not have Eemaan?!

They said: “The Companions.”

He said:

The Companions are along with the Prophets, so how could they not have Eemaan?! Rather the people most amazing in Eemaan are a people who will come after you, and who will find a book of the Revelation. So they will have Eemaan in it and follow it, so they are the most amazing of the people -(or: the creation)- in Eemaan.

[Reported by al-Bazzaar (3/318-319: Kashful-Astaar), and its chain of narration was declared ‘hasan’ by Shaykh al-Albaanee in ‘as-Saheehah’ (no.3215).]

[Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood ibn Ronald Burbank, rahimahullaah]

Source: http://alitisaambissunnah.files.word…-in-eemaan.pdf

The Ten Commandments – Shaykh Hasan ibn Abdul Wahhab Marzooq al-Banna [Audio|Ar-En]

The Ten Commandments
Shaykh Hasan ibn Abdul Wahhab Marzooq al-Banna
[Audio|Arabic-English]

The Ten Commandments given to Moosa (alayhi wa sallam). These are the principles that will help us rectify our deen and in dunya. So it’s incumbent upon us to understand and implement these points of advice, commandments from Surah Al-An’am in our lives. Lecture by Shaykh Hassan Al-Banna from UK Tour Series 2012 (Arabic & English)

The Ten Commandments given to Moosa (alayhi wa sallam). These are the principles that will help us rectify our deen and in dunya. So it’s incumbent upon us to understand and implement these points of advice, commandments from Surah Al-An’am in our lives.

Lecture by Shaykh Hassan Al-Banna from UK Tour Series 2012 (Arabic & English)

Listen / Download Mp3 Here  (Time 1:26:47)

In Surat Al An’aam, Allah says:

(Say (O Muhammad): “Come, I will recite what your Lord has prohibited you from:

[1] Join not anything in worship with Him;

[2] be good and dutiful to your parents;

[3] kill not your children because of poverty” – We provide sustenance for you as well as them –

[4] “Come not near Al-Fawahish (great sins and illegal sexual intercourse) whether committed openly or secretly;

[5] and kill not anyone whom Allah has forbidden except for a just cause (according to Islamic law). This He has commanded you with that you may understand.

[6] And come not near to the orphan’s property except to improve it until he or she attains the age of full strength;

[7] and give full measure and full weight with justice” – We burden not any person, but that which they can bear –

[8] “And whenever you give your word (i.e. judge between men or give evidence), say the truth even if a near relative is concerned,

[9] and fulfill the Covenant of Allah. This He commands you that you may remember.

[10] And verily, this (i.e. Allah’s Commandments mentioned in the above two Verses) is my straight path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you from His path. This He has ordained for you that you may become Al-Muttaqoon (the pious.)[ [Al An’aam: 151-153]

The second: In Surat Al Israa Allaah azza wa jal said:

[1] And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him.

[2] And that you be dutiful to your parents. If one or both of them attain old age in your life, say not to them a word of disrespect, nor shout at them but address them in terms of honor. And lower to them the wing of submission and humility through mercy, and say: “My Lord! Bestow upon them Your Mercy as they did bring me up when I was young.” Your Lord knows best what is in your inner-selves. If you are righteous, then, verily, He is Ever Most Forgiving to those who turn to Him again and again in obedience, and in repentance.

[3] And give to the kinsman his due and to the Miskeen (needy) and to the wayfarer. But spend not wastefully (your wealth) in the manner of a spendthrift. Verily, the spendthrifts are brothers of the Shayateen (devils), and the Shaytaan (Devil-Satan) is ever ungrateful to his Lord. And if you turn away from them (kindred, needy, wayfarer and have no wealth at the time they ask you) and are awaiting a mercy from your Lord for which you hope, then speak to them a soft, kind word (i.e. Allaah will provide for me and I shall give you). And let not your hand be tied (like a miser) to your neck, nor stretch it forth to its utmost reach (like a spendthrift), so that you become blameworthy and in severe poverty. Truly, your Lord increases the provision for whom He wills and straitens it (for whom He wills). Verily, He is Ever Well-Acquainted, All-Seer of His slaves.

[4] And kill not your children for fear of poverty. We shall provide for them as well as you. Surely, killing them is a great sin.

[5] And come not near to unlawful sex. Verily, it is a Fahishah (i.e. anything that transgresses its limits: a great sin), and an evil way (that leads one to Hell unless Allaah forgives him).

[6] And do not kill anyone whose killing Allaah has forbidden except for a just cause. And whoever is killed wrongfully (intentionally with hostility and oppression and not by mistake), We have given his heir the authority [to demand Qisaas, Law of Equality in punishment – or to forgive, or to take the Diyah (blood money)]. But let him not exceed the limits in the matter of taking life (i.e. he should not kill anyone except the killer). Verily, he is aided (by the Islaamic law).

[7] And come not near to the orphan’s property except to improve it, until he attains the age of full strength.

[8] And fulfill (every) covenant. Verily, the covenant will be questioned about.

[9] And give full measure when you measure, and weigh with a balance that is straight. That is good (advantageous) and better in the end.

[10] And follow not (O man, i.e., say not or do not or witness not) that of which you have no knowledge. Verily, the hearing, the sight and the heart, each of those one will be questioned (by Allaah). And walk not on the earth with conceit and arrogance. Verily, you can neither rend nor penetrate the earth nor can you attain a stature like the mountains in height. [Al Israa: 23-39]

Learn the Qur’an – Shaykh Hasan ibn Abdul Wahhab Marzooq al-Banna [Audio|Ar-En]

The Quran guides to that which is best, it gives glad tidings to the believers who do righteous deeds; will have a tremendous reward. We should be very diligent in reading the Quran and listening to the Quran.

Lecture by Shaykh Hassan Al-Banna from UK Tour Series 2012 (Arabic & English)

Listen / Download Mp3 Here  (Time 51:23)

Ruling On Taswir (Idols,Painting, Drawing,Sculpture,Photography) Of Any Being With A Soul – Shaikh Ibn Baaz (rahimahullaah)

Ruling On Taswir (Painting, Drawing, Sculpture, Photography) Of Any Being With A Soul
Fatwas of Shaikh Ibn Baaz (rahimahullaah)

Question:

What is the ruling on Taswir (painting, drawing, sculpture, and photography), that is widely common among people? Would you please give us a comprehensive answer about lawful and unlawful Taswir? May Allah reward you!

Answer:

Praise is due to Allah alone. Peace be upon the Last Prophet!

There are many Hadith reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in Sahih (authentic) books of Hadith, Musnad (Hadith compilation), and Sunan (Hadith compilations classified by jurisprudential themes) indicating the prohibition of Taswir of any being with a soul, whether human or not. These texts urge defacing pictures and curse Musawwirs (those who make pictures and statues, or photographs of living beings), indicating that they will receive the severest punishment on the Day of Resurrection.

Following are some of the Sahih Hadith that were reported in this regard. We will cite the scholars’ comments on them and explain the correct opinion concerning this matter In sha’a-Allah (if Allah wills).

It is related in the Two Sahih (authentic) Books of Hadith (i.e. Al-Bukhary and Muslim) on the authority of Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) informed us that Allah (Exalted be He) stated: Who can be more unjust than one who tries to create a creation like Mine. Let them create an atom, a grain of wheat, or a grain of barley. This wording reported by Muslim.

In the Two Sahih, it is related on the authority of Ibn Mas`ud (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) stated: The people who will receive the severest punishment on the Day of Resurrection will be the Musawwirs.

It is also related in the same books of Hadith on the authority of Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with both of them) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) stated: Those whomake siwar (pictures, images, statues) will be punished on the Day of Resurrection and it will be said to them: Breathe soul into what you have created. This wording is reported by Al-Bukhari.

Also, Al-Bukhari related in the Sahih on the authority of Abu Juhayfah (may Allah be pleased with him): The Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade taking payment for blood, a dog, and the earnings of a prostitute. He cursed those who accept or pay Riba (usury/interest), a woman who tattoos others or gets herself tattooed, and the Musawwir.

On the authority of Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with both of them) that he heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saying: Whoever makes a sura (picture, icon, idol, etc.) in the world will be asked to breathe soul into it (on the Day of Resurrection), but they will not be able to breathe soul (into it). (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhary and Muslim).

It is related by Muslim that Sa`id ibn Abu Al-Hasan said:

A man came to Ibn `Abbas and said: I make suras, so tell me about (the ruling on) this. Ibn `Abbas said: Come closer to me. The man did. Ibn `Abbas asked him to come closer again and the man did and he put his hand on the man’s head and said: I will tell you what I heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) saying. I heard him saying: Every Musawwir will enter the Fire and a soul will be given to every sura they made so that it would torment them in the Fire. He added: If you have to do this (go on in this profession), then make suras of trees and everything that does not have a soul.

The statement “If you have to do this…” was related by Al-Bukhari in the aforementioned Hadith related by Muslim.

Furthermore, it was related by Al-Tirmidhy in his Jami` Book of Hadith on the authority of Abu Al-Zubayr from Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him): The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) forbade having suras in the home and forbade the making of them. He commented that it was a Hadith Hasan Sahih (a valid and authentic Hadith).

On the authority of `Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) who narrated: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) came to me, and I had screened my alcove with a curtain on which there were suras. When he saw it, he tore it up and the color of his face changed [due to anger] and he said, “O `Aishah! The people who will receive the severest punishment on the Day of Resurrection will be those who imitate Allah’s Creation.” `Aishah added: So we tore it up and we stuffed a cushion or two with it. (Related by Muslim).

On the authority of `Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her) who narrated: Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) returned from a journey and I had covered my alcove with a curtain on which there were suras. No sooner did he see it than he tore it up and said: Those who will receive the severest punishment on the Day of Resurrection will be those who imitate Allah’s Creation. She said: Thus, we turned it (i.e. The curtain) into one or two cushions. (Related by Al-Bukhari and Muslim). Muslim added, “his face changed” after “he tore it up”)

She also narrated: The Prophet (peace be upon him) returned from a journey and I had hung a thick curtain having suras. He ordered me to remove it and I did. (Related by Al-Bukhari). Imam Muslim also related it with the following wording: I had screened my door with a thick curtain having suras of winged horses. He ordered me to remove it and I did.

On the authority of Al-Qasim ibn Muhammad from `Aishah who narrated: I bought a cushion with suras on it. When Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) saw it, he kept standing at the door and did not enter the house. I noticed the sign of disgust on his face, so I said, “O Allah’s Messenger! I repent to Allah and to His Messenger. (Please let me know) what sin I have done.” He (peace be upon him) said, “What about this cushion?” I replied, “I bought it for you to sit and recline on.” Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said, “The makers of these suras will be punished on the Day of Resurrection. It will be said to them, ‘Breathe life into what you have created.'” He (peace be upon him) added, “Angels do not enter a house where there are suras.” (Related by Al-Bukhari and Muslim). Muslim added from Ibn Al-Majishun that `Aishah said: “I took it and turned it into two pillows on which he used to recline at home.”)

It is reported from Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with both of them) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a sura. (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhary and Muslim). This wording is reported by Muslim).

It is related by Muslim on the authority of Zayd ibn Khalid from Abu Talhah that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a statue.

[It is also reported] in Sahih Al-Bukhari from Ibn `Umar (may Allah be pleased with them) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “Jibril said: We do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a sura.” The same Hadith was related by Muslim on the authority of `Aishah and Maymunah.

Also, Muslim related on the authority of Abu Al-Hayyaj Al-Asady who said: `Aly (may Allah be pleased with him) said to me: Shall I not order you of the same thing which the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) ordered me; leave no sura unspoiled and leave no outstanding grave unleveled. It is related by Abu Dawud with a good Sanad (chain of narration) on the authority of Jabir (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered `Umar ibn Al-Khattab during the time of the Conquest of Makkah while he was in Al-Bat-ha’ to go to the Ka`bah and efface every sura in it. The Prophet (peace be upon him) only entered it when all suras were effaced.

Moreover, Abu Dawud Al-Tayalisy related in his Musnad on the authority of Usamah who said: I went to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) in the Ka`bah and he saw suras. He, thus, ordered to bring him a bucket of water and when I did, he began erasing them, saying: May Allah fight those who make Taswir of what they are not able to create. Al-Hafizh said: Its Sanad (chain of narrators) is good.

He said: `Umar ibn Shabbah related from `Abdul-Rahman ibn Mahran from `Umayr, the freed slave of Ibn `Abbas, from Usamah that: The Prophet (peace be upon him) entered the Ka`bah and ordered me to bring him some water in a bucket. He wet his garment and beat the suras with it, saying: May Allah fight those who make Taswir of what they are not able to create.

Also, Al-Bukhari related in his Sahih on the authority of `Aishah that she narrated: The Prophet (peace be upon him) never left in his house anything bearing crosses on it without obliterating it. The same Hadith was narrated by Al-Kushmihany using the term “Tasawir (i.e. Pictures) instead of crosses. Imam Al-Bukhari (may Allah be merciful to him) entitled a chapter in his collection of Hadith: “Obliterating Suras” where he related this Hadith.

In the Two Sahih Books of Hadith, it is related on the authority of Busr ibn Sa`id from Zayd ibn Khalid from Abu Talhah that the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Angels do not enter a house in which there is a sura. Busr said, “Zayd then fell ill and we went to visit him but there was a curtain with a sura hanging at his door. I said to `Ubaydullah Al-Khawlany: the stepson of Maymunah – the wife of the Prophet (peace be upon him): Did not Zayd tell us about (the ruling on) suras the day before? `Ubaydullah said: Did you not hear when he said: Except a design in a cloth.” In the Two Sahih, it is related on the authority of `Amr ibn Al-Harith from Bukayr Al-Ashaj from Busr that he said, “I said to `UbaydullahAl-Khawlani: Did he not tell us about (the ruling on) suras? He said: He said, “Except a design in a cloth. Did you not hear him?” I said: No and he said: He said, “He indeed did say that.”

It is related in the Musnad and Sunan Al-Nasa’y on the authority of `Ubaydullah ibn `Abdullah who narrated that he went to Abu Talhah Al-Ansary to visit him during his illness and found Sahl ibn Hunayf with him. Abu Talhah asked someone to remove a rug on the floor. Sahl asked: Why do you (want to) remove it? He replied: Because it includes suras and I know what the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said about them (suras – i.e. the ruling on them). He said: Did he not say: “Except a design in a cloth”. He said, “Yes, but this is more comfortable for me.” The Sanad of this Hadith is valid. Al-Tirmidhy related it in the same wording and commented, ‘It is a Sahih Hasan Hadith.’

Abu Dawud, Al-Tirmidhy, and Al-Nasa’y related with a good Sanad on the authority of Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: Jibril came to me and said: ‘I came to you yesterday and nothing prevented me from entering except that there were statues by your door, there was a curtain in your house with suras on it, and there was a dog in the house. Tell someone to cut off the head of the statue by your door, so it will look like a tree; tell someone to tear up the curtain and make it into floor-cushions that will be stepped on; and tell someone to put the dog outside.’ The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) did that. The dog belonged to Al-Hasan or Al-Husayn and was under their couch. The Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered that it would be taken outside the house. This is the wording of Abu Dawud and a similar wording was reported by Al-Tirmidhy. The following is the wording of Al-Nasa’y: Jibril asked the Prophet’s permission to enter his house whereupon the Prophet said, “Get in,” but Jibril replied, “How could I enter your house and there is a curtain on which there are suras? Either you cut off their heads or make it (the curtain) into a cushion spread out so that the people may tread on. We, angels, do not enter a house in which there are suras.”

There are many other Hadith conveying the same meaning.

These Hadith and those which are similar in meaning evidently indicate that Taswir of any being with a soul is prohibited and is one of the major sins entailing the threat of punishment in the Fire.

This prohibition is applicable to all forms of Taswir, whether the sura has a shadow or not, and whether it is on a wall, a curtain, a garment, a mirror, a paper, etc. This is because the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not differentiate between that which has a shadow and that which has no shadow or between what is drawn on a curtain or not. In fact, he cursed Musawwirs, saying that they will receive the severest punishment on the Day of Resurrection and that all of them will enter the Fire, without making any exceptions.

The fact that this prohibition is general is supported by the evidence that when the Prophet (peace be upon him) saw suras on the curtain in the house of `Aishah, he tore it up and the color of his face changed and he said: The people who will receive the severest punishment on the Day of Resurrection will be those who imitate Allah’s Creation. In another narration, he said when he saw the curtain: The makers of these suras will be punished on the Day of Resurrection and it will be said to them: ‘Breathe life into what you have created.’ This narration and similar ones clearly indicate that Musawwirs are included in the general admonishment, whether they make suras on curtains or the like.

As for his statement “except a design in a cloth” in the Hadith narrated by Abu Talhah and Sahl ibn Hunayf, this is an exception to suras which prevent the entry of angels but not an exception far Taswir as understood by the context of the Hadith. This means that Taswir is only permissible if the design in a cloth or the like is made to be used in a disrespectful fashion, such as the cushion that was made to be sat on as stated in the aforementioned Hadith narrated by `Aishah, in which she tore up the curtain and made it into one or two cushions, and the Hadith narrated by Abu Hurayrah in which Jibril said to the Prophet (peace be upon him), “Tell someone to cut off the head of the statue by your door, so it will look like a tree; tell someone to tear up the curtain and make it into floor-cushions that will be stepped on…” The Prophet (peace be upon him) did that. It is not permissible to apply this exception to suras in a cloth that is to be hung on a door or a wall or the like because the texts of Hadith narrated by `Aishah in this regard clearly indicate that such curtains is forbidden, and must be removed and torn up as already stated.

This Hadith as narrated by Abu Hurayrah unmistakably means that such curtains prevent the entry of angels unless it is made into something to be treaded on or the head of the statue is cut off so that it takes the shape of a tree. The statements of Prophet (peace be upon him) do not conflict with each other; they confirm the validity of each other.Whenever it is possible to reconcile between various Hadith in a proper manner without any prejudice, it becomes obligatory to do so and to give this precedence over adopting the approach of Tarjih (comparing an opinion with another to choose the most appropriate one) and Naskh (abrogation) as stated in the sciences of Usul-ul-Hadith (principles of Hadith) and Mustalah Al-Hadith (Hadith terminology). Here, it was possible to reconcile between the quoted texts. All praise is due to Allah for this.

In Al-Fath, Al-Hafizh gave precedence to reconciliation between Hadith in the manner that I have already mentioned. He said, “Al-Khattaby said: The suras which forbid angels from entering a house are those whose possession is prohibited e.g. The suras of beings with souls whose heads are not cut off or are not treated in a disrespectful manner.”

Also, Al-Khattaby (may Allah be merciful to him) said, “In fact, the punishment of a Musawwir is made severe because suras were worshipped besides Allah. Furthermore, looking at them may become a sort of Fitnah (temptation) and some souls might be attached to them.”

Al-Nawawy (may Allah be merciful to him) stated the following in Sharh Muslim, “Chapter: The prohibition of Taswir of animate beings and the prohibition of possessing that which has a sura un-trodden in a carpet or the like. In fact, the angels do not enter a house in which there is a sura or a dog”

“Our companions and other scholars commented: Taswir of animate beings is extremely prohibited and is a major sin, because severe warnings are made against the Musawwir in the Hadith; whether they make suras to be used in a disrespectful fashion or for other purposes, this profession is prohibited in all cases, because it implies that one is trying to match the Creation of Allah (Exalted be He). There is no difference whether the sura is in a cloth, carpet, coin, vessel, wall or whatever. With regard to making Taswir of trees and camel saddlebags and other inanimate beings, this is not prohibited.

“This is the ruling on Taswir. As for making Taswir of animate beings, this is prohibited if the suras are to be hung on a wall or worn as clothing or a turban or what is similar to that of things that are not considered to be in a state of degradation or disrespect. On the other hand, if suras are made on carpets, cushions, or similar articles to be used in a disrespectful fashion, it is not prohibited to possess them. There is no difference (in the prohibition) between that which has a shadow and that which has no shadow.

“This is our own opinion on this issue and the opinion of Jumhur (dominant majority of scholars) from among the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet), the Tabi`un (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet), and those who came after them. It is also the opinion of Al-Thawry, Malik, Abu Hanifah, and others.

“Some of the Salaf (righteous predecessors) believed that suras which are prohibited are only those which cast a shadow and that there is no harm in the suras which do not cast a shadow. However, this is an invalid opinion because the curtain that the Prophet (peace be upon him) disapproved was undoubtedly disrespected and the sura did not cast a shadow. This is in addition to the general and inclusive Hadith [forbidding] all kinds of Taswir.”

After summarizing the opinion of Al-Nawawy, Al-Hafizh said:

“The opinion that the prohibition of Taswir is general, including that which casts a shadow and that which has no shadow, is supported by the Hadith related by Ahmad on the authority of `Aly (may Allah be pleased with him) who narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Anyone of you who goes to Al-Madinah must not leave there any idol without breaking it up nor any sura without obliterating it. In another narration, the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Whoever returns to make these things (suras) has disbelieved in what was revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him).

Whoever looks closely at the previously quoted Hadith will notice that they denote that the prohibition of Taswir is general and inclusive of that which has a shadow and that which has no shadow – as already explained.

It may be claimed that the Hadith narrated by Zayd ibn Khalid from Abu Talhah that Busr ibn Sa`id, the narrator from Zayd, said: “Zayd then fell ill and we went to visit him but there was a curtain with a sura hanging at his door” apparently denotes that Zayd believed in the permissibility of hanging curtains including suras.

The answer to this claim is that the aforementioned Hadith narrated by `Aishah and other Hadith conveying the same meaning all serve as evidence on the prohibition of hanging curtains that include suras, the obligation of tearing them up, and the fact that they prohibit the entry of angels. If the Hadith reported from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) are Sahih (authentic), it is not permissible to contradict them because of a saying or action of any person, whoever they may be. Likewise, believers are obligated to follow these Hadith, hold fast to that which they indicate, and reject whatever contradicts them. Allah (Exalted be He) states: And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) gives you, take it; and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it). Allah (Exalted be He) also says: Say: “Obey Allâh and obey the Messenger, but if you turn away, he (Messenger Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) is only responsible for the duty placed on him (i.e. to convey Allâh’s Message) and you for that placed on you. If you obey him, you shall be on the right guidance. The Messenger’s duty is only to convey (the message) in a clear way (i.e. to preach in a plain way).” Allah (Glorified be He) has, thus, guaranteed the guidance of those who obey the Messenger (peace be upon him). Allah (Exalted be He) states: And let those who oppose the Messenger’s (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) commandment (i.e. his Sunnah – legal ways, orders, acts of worship, statements) (among the sects) beware, lest some Fitnah (disbelief, trials, afflictions, earthquakes, killing, overpowered by a tyrant) should befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them.

Perhaps Zayd (may Allah be pleased with him) was not aware of the sura which was on the curtain or did not hear about the Hadith on the prohibition of hanging curtains including suras and, thus, his action followed the apparent meaning of the statement of the Prophet “except a design in a cloth”. Therefore, he would be free from blame for not having knowledge of the Hadith.

As for those who know the Sahih Hadith indicating the prohibition of hanging curtains including suras, there is no excuse for them. Whoever contradicts Sahih Hadith in order to follow their whims or to blindly follow others will necessarily deserve the Anger of their Lord and may be tried with deviation and Fitnah of the heart. Allah (Glorified be He) states: And let those who oppose the Messenger’s (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) commandment (i.e. his Sunnah – legal ways, orders, acts of worship, statements) (among the sects) beware, lest some Fitnah (disbelief, trials, afflictions, earthquakes, killing, overpowered by a tyrant) should befall them

Allah (Exalted be He) says: So when they turned away (from the Path of Allâh), Allâh turned their hearts away (from the Right Path). Allah (Exalted be He) also says: So He punished them by putting hypocrisy into their hearts

The aforementioned Hadith narrated by Abu Hurayrah indicates that it is permissible to keep a sura in a house if its head is cut off, because it would then be in the shape of a tree. This proves that it is permissible to make Taswir of trees and any beings which have no souls. This was already mentioned clearly in the narration of the two Sheikhs (Al-Bukhary and Muslim) on the authority of Ibn `Abbas.

The quoted Hadith is also a proof that cutting off anything other than the head of the sura such as cutting off the lower half or the like, is not enough to render it permissible to keep or to allow the entry of angels. This is because the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered it to be torn up and efface the suras, saying that they prevent the entry of angels, with the exception of suras that are to be treated in a disrespectful manner or whose heads have been cut off. Thus, whoever has any claim justifying the permissibility of keeping suras at home other than for these two stated reasons must bring evidence supporting their claim from the Qur’an or the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet).

The Prophet (peace be upon him) informed us that if the head of the sura is cut off, the remainder of it will be like the shape of a tree, this proves that the factor which permits its possession is its being transformed from the shape of beings with souls to a form similar to inanimate beings. If the lower part of the sura is cut off and the head remains, it will not take the shape of a tree because the face still remains. Furthermore, the face has a beauty and uniqueness of creation that is not found in the rest of the body. Hence, it is not permissible for a person who understands the intended meanings of the quoted Nas (Islamic text from the Qur’an or the Sunnah) to make Qiyas (analogy) between cutting off any other part of the body and cutting off the head.

Thus, it is clear that making Taswir of the head and other parts of the body of animate beings is prohibited because the ruling stated by the aforementioned Sahih Hadith is generally applied and no one is allowed to make exceptions to this general ruling beyond those stated by the Law-Giver.

There is no difference in this ruling between corporeal suras and others inscribed on curtains, papers, etc. As there is no difference between suras of humans and other beings with souls and the suras of kings, scholars, etc. In fact, the degree of prohibition regarding the suras of kings, scholars, and other influential people is severer, because the Fitnah that might be caused by them is greater. Also, hanging their suras in sitting areas and elsewhere and revering them are of the most dangerous means leading to Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship) and to the worship of such persons along with Allah as happened to the people of Nuh. Al-Khattaby pointed to this in his statements.

During Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic time of ignorance), there were many suras that people used to revere and worship other than Allah until Allah sent his Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) who destroyed the idols, obliterated the suras, and removed Shirk and its means. Therefore, anyone who makes Taswir or hangs suras and reveres them has imitated the Kafirs (disbelievers) in their actions and opened the door to Shirk and its means for the people. Likewise, any person who orders the making of Taswir and is pleased with it will have the same ruling of a Musawwir in terms of having done something prohibited and being entitled to the threat. This is because the Qur’an, the Sunnah, and the scholars’ opinions have all decreed that it is prohibited to order something entailing disobedience and to be pleased with acts of disobedience just as it is prohibited to commit such acts. Allah (Exalted be He) states: And when you (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) see those who engage in a false conversation about Our Verses (of the Qur’ân) by mocking at them, stay away from them till they turn to another topic. And if Shaitân (Satan) causes you to forget, then after the remembrance sit not you in the company of those people who are the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers). Allah (Exalted be He) also says: And it has already been revealed to you in the Book (this Qur’ân) that when you hear the Verses of Allâh being denied and mocked at, then sit not with them, until they engage in a talk other than that; (but if you stayed with them) certainly in that case you would be like them. The Ayah (Qur’anic verse) indicates that whoever is present while Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islamic law and Muslims of sound intellect) is being committed and does not turn away from it is like those who are doing it.

If the one who remains silent about Munkar, although they are able to reject it or to leave the place where Munkar is committed, is like the doer of Munkar but the one who enjoin the Munkar or is pleased with it will be more sinful than the one who remains silent about it and will be more deserving to be like those who actually commit it. There are several evidences conveying the same meaning and can be easily found by whomever seeks them.

In the light of the Hadith and the scholars’ opinion mentioned above, it is clear that making Taswir of beings with souls that are widely spread in books, magazines, newspapers, and letters, is a plain mistake and an act of disobedience. People must beware of it and warn each other against it; and must make sincere Tawbah (repentance) for what they have done.

Also, the aforementioned evidence indicates that it is not permissible to keep such suras without cutting off their heads or effacing them unless they are on a carpetor something similar which is treated in a disrespectful manner. In this case only, is it permissible to possess them as already supported by the Hadith narrated by `Aishah and Abu Hurayrah As for toys in the form of beings with souls, scholars have differed about the permissibility of their possession by little girls.

It was authentically reported in the Two Sahih Books of Hadith: On the authority of `Aishah who narrated: I used to play with dolls in the presence of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and I had female friends who used to play along with me. They would hide from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) whenever he entered, but he would call them to join and play with me.

Al-Hafizh said in Al-Fath, “This Hadith has been used as a proof for the permissibility of possessing suras of dolls and toys so that young girls may play with them. This has been an exception to the general prohibition of possessing suras. `Iyad confirmed this opinion and reported that it was the same opinion of the Jumhur who permitted the selling of toys for little girls to train them from childhood for household responsibilities and childrearing. He added that some scholars believed that this permissibility was Mansukh (abrogated). Ibn Battal inclined to this opinion. It is reported from Ibn Abu Zayd from Malik that he disliked that a man buys dolls for his daughter. Accordingly, Al-Dawudy was in favor of the opinion that the permissibility was Mansukh.

“However, Ibn Hibban entitled a chapter: Permissibility for young women to play with dolls. Al-Nasa’y also entitled a chapter: Man’s permitting his wife to play with dolls. He did not restrict this to childhood, but this opinion is debatable.

“After mentioning the Takhrij (referencing) of Hadith, Al-Bayhaqy said, “The prohibition of possessing suras has been confirmed.” Thus, the permission given to `Aishah in this matter was perhaps before rendering it as prohibited. The same opinion was held by Ibn Al-Jawzy.” He went on to say, “Abu Dawud, and Al-Nasa’y related another narration on the authority of `Aishah who said: The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) returned from the Battle of Tabuk or Khaybar… And he mentioned the Hadith of tearing up the curtain which `Aishah had hung at her door. She said, “The side of the curtain which was over dolls of `Aishah was uncovered. He (peace be upon him) asked: What is this, O `Aishah? She answered: My dolls. She, then, said: He saw amongst them a two-winged horse tied up. He asked about it and she replied: A horse having two wings. Did not youhear that Sulayman had horses with wings? Upon this, he laughed.” He continued to say, “Al-Khattaby said: This Hadith indicates that playing with dolls is not like having amusement with other suras regarding which warnings have been issued. In fact, `Aishah was given the permission to play with dolls, because she had not reached the age of puberty at that time.”

“I believe that it is questionable to confirm that she had not reached the age of puberty at that time, though it might possibly be so. This is because `Aishah at the time of the Battle of Khaybar was fourteen years old; she was either past the age of fourteen or was approaching it. In the Battle of Tabuk, on the other hand, she definitely had reached the age of puberty. Thus, the strongest opinion is that of those who said it was in the Battle of Khaybar. Reconciliation is to be made with what Al-Khattaby stated because this is better than assuming that the reports are in conflict.” This is the end of Al-Hafizh’s quote.

If you have understood what Al-Hafizh (may Allah be merciful to him) mentioned, then it is safer to avoid possession of toys. This is because their lawfulness is doubtful due to the possibility that the Prophet (peace be upon him) might have approved of `Aishah’s possession of dolls before the order to efface suras was revealed. In such a case, the permission would be considered Mansukh by the Hadith including the order to efface suras except those whose heads are cut off or those which are degraded, as stated by Al-Bayhaqy, Ibn Al-Jawzy, and Ibn Battal. Another possibility is that this permission could be a special exception to the general prohibition, as the Jumhur (dominant majority of scholars) have stated, for the sake of training girls to be mothers and because playing with dolls entails a kind of disrespect. As this possibilities loom and the doubt is there, it is safer to avoid the possession of toys and dolls. In fact, it is better to train girls using non-corporeal toys in order to be safe from the questionable matter regarding the possession of corporeal dolls. In this way, you will be acting according to the following Hadith in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Leave what causes you doubt and turn to what does not cause you doubt. Also, it is narrated on the authority of Al-Nu`man ibn Bashir – as related in the Two Sahih Books of Hadith: What is lawful is evident and what is unlawful is evident, and in between them are doubtful matters which many people do not know. Thus, whoever guards against doubtful matters keeps their religion and honor blameless, and whoever indulges in doubtful matters, indulges, in fact, in unlawful matters, just as a shepherd who pastures their animals round a preserve will soon pasture them in it. And Allah knows best!

Peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad and his family

http://www.alifta.net/Fatawa/fatawaDetails.aspx?View=Page&PageID=328&PageNo=1&BookID=14