The Excellence of ‘Laa ilaaha ‘illa Allaah’ – Hafidh al-Hakami

By Hafidh al-Hakami -Rahimullaah-
Taken from his book ‘Ma’arij al-Qabool’

Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

The words in the testification La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ are words which are the path to the success of entry into Paradise and salvation from the fire.

Allaah -Azza wa Jal- said: << And whoever is removed away from the Fire and admitted to Paradise, he indeed is successful. >> [Al-Imraan:  185]

It is the way and path to happiness in the two worlds which cannot be reached except by these words.  It is with this statement that Allaah sent His Messengers and with it, He revealed His Books. The Dunya and the Hereafter, Paradise and Hell-Fire were created for this statement.

Happiness and wretchedness are directly related to this testification. Due to it, the records of deeds will be taken either to the right or the left and the scale will be either heavy or light.  By it is being saved from the Fire after its advent whilst not adhering to La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ is remaining in the Fire.

Due to it, Allaah took the covenant, because of it is recompense and accountability and regarding it, will be the questioning on the Day of Meeting.

As Allaah –Ta’ala- says: << So, by your Lord, We shall certainly call all of them to account. For all that they used to do. >> [Al-Hijr: 92-93]

Allaah –Ta’ala- said : << Then surely, We shall question those (people) to whom it (the Book) was sent and verily, We shall question the Messengers. >> [A’raaf: 6]

As for Allaah –Ta’ala- questioning those to whom ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ was sent, on the Day of Judgement, then from that is Hissaying- << And (remember) the Day (Allaah) will call to them and say: ‘What answer gave you to the Messengers?’>> [Qasas: 65] along with the preceding, following and other Aayaat.

As for Allaah questioning the Messengers then from that is the saying of Allaah –Ta’ala- << On the Day when Allaah will gather the Messengers together and say to them: ‘What was the response you received (from men to your teaching)? They will say: ‘We have no knowledge, verily, only You are the All-­Knower of all that is hidden (or unseen, etc.).’>> [al-Mai’dah:109] and there are other similarAayaat.

It is the greatest of blessings from Allaah -Azza wa Jal– that Heblessed His slaves and guided them to La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’.  This is why Allaah Ta’ala mentioned it in Soorah an-Nahl, the Soorah of blessings, so He proceeded with it before every other blessing.

He said: <<He sends down the angels with inspiration of His Command to whom of His slaves He pleases (saying): Warn mankind that Lâ ilâha illa Ana (none has the right to be worshipped but I), so fear Me (by abstaining from sins and evil deeds). >> [Nahl: 2]

It is the statement of testification and the key to the land of happiness.  It is the foundation of the Deen and its foundingprinciple, the head of the affair, the trunk of its tree and the pillar of its canopy.

The rest of the pillars and obligations of the Deen extend and branchout from this testification.  Its completion is restricted to adhering to its meaning and performing what it requires.  It is the strong handhold that will never break regarding which Allaah -Azza wa Jal-said: << Whoever disbelieves in Tâghût (false gods) and believes in Allaah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. >> [al-Baqarah: 256]

Sa’eed bin Jubayr and Dhihaak said that:

‘It is the contract which Allaah -Azza wa Jal- mentioned when he said: <<None shall have the power of intercession, but such a one as has received permission (or promise) from the Most Beneficent (Allaah). >> [Maryam: 87]

Abdullaah ibn Abbas radiAllaah anhuma- said: ‘It is the testification of La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’, renouncing any capability or strength for other than Allaah and not hoping except in Allaah -Azza wa Jal.’

La ilaha ‘illa Allaah is al-Husna (the best – i.e. its meaning as stated byAllaah -Azza wa Jal- when He said: <<As for him who gives (in charity), keeps his duty to Allaah and fears Him, And believes in Al-Husna. We will make smooth for him the path of ease (goodness). >> [Layl: 5-7]

This was also mentioned by Abu AbdurRahman as-Sulamee, Dhihaak and was narrated by ‘Ateeyah on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas.

It is the statement of truth which Allaah -Azza wa Jal- mentionedwhen He –Ta’ala said: << except those who bear witness to the truth (i.e. believed in the Oneness of Allaah, and obeyed His Orders), and they know (the facts about the Oneness of Allaah). >>[Zukhruf :86]  as stated by al-Baghawi.

It is the statement of Taqwaa (piety) as Allaah -Azza wa Jal-mentioned when He said: << and made them stick to the word of piety (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah) and they were well entitled to it and worthy of it. >> [Fath: 26]

This was mentioned by Ibn Jareer and Abdullaah bin Ahmad, byTirmidhi with ‘asaaneed (chains) up to Ubayy bin Ka’ab -radiAllaah anhu-on the authority of the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.

It is the statement which is firmly-fixed as Allaah -Azza wa Jal-mentions when He says: <<Allaah will keep firm those who believe with the word that stands firm in this world (i.e. they will keep on worshipping Allaah Alone and none else) and in the Hereafter. >>[Ibraheem: 27]

Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of al-Bara bin ‘Aazib -radiAllaah anhu- from the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.

It is the good statement (kalimah Tayyibah) which was previously made a solid example as Allaah –Ta’ala- says: <<Do you not see how Allaah sets forth a parable? – A goodly word as a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed and its branches (reach) to the sky (i.e. very high). >> [Ibraheem: 24]

This is what was mentioned by ‘Alee bin Talha on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas.

The foundation of this statement La ilaha ‘illa Allaah is firmly fixed in a believer’s heart, its branches are righteous actions which ascend to the sky – to Allaah -Azza wa Jal.

This is what was mentioned by Dhihaak, Sa’eed bin Jubair, Ikrima’, Mujahid and others.

It is the goodness which Allaah –Azza wa Jal– mentions when He says: <<Whoever brings a good deed shall have ten times the like thereof >> [An’aam: 160]

Allaah –Ta’ala– said: <<Whoever brings a good deed (i.e. Belief in the Oneness of Allaah along with every deed of righteousness), will have better than its worth and they will be safe from the terror on that Day. >> [Naml: 89]

This was mentioned by Zain al-Abideen and Ibraheem an-Nakha’aee and it is ascribed to the Messenger on the authority of Abee Dharr – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – that he said: ‘It is the best of righteous deeds.’[1]

This statement La ilaha ‘illa Allaah wipes out sins and mistakes.

It is the highest description which Allaah -Azza wa Jal- mentions when He says: << His is the highest description (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped but He and there is nothing comparable unto Him) in the heavens and in the earth.>> [Room: 27]

As was mentioned by Qatadah and Muhammad bin Jareer, also by Malik on the authority of Muhammad bin al-Munkadir.

It is the means for success as is mentioned in Saheeh Muslim thatwhen the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – heard the Mu’adhin (the caller to the prayer) saying: ‘Ashhadu alla ilaha ‘illa Allaah (I testify that there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah’) he – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said: ‘You have exited the fire.’[2]

On the authority of Ubadah bin Saamitt -radiAllaah anhu- who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – saying: ‘Whoever testifies that there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah then Allaah prohibits the Fire for him.’ [3]

In the hadeeth of intercession: ‘Take out from the Fire whoever saidLa ilaha ‘illa Allaah and had in his heart the like of an atom’s worth of Eemaan.’[4]

‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ is the means of entering into Paradise as is mentioned in Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Ubadah bin Saamitt -radiAllaah anhu- who said: The Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said: ‘Whoever says ‘Ashhadu alla ilaha ‘illa Allaah wahdahu la shareeka lahu wa anna Muhammadan Abduhu wa Rasooluhu (I testify thatthere is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah Alone and He has no partners and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger’) and that Isa is the slave of Allaah and the son of Allaah’s female slave, he was created by a word which was sent to Maryam and he is a command from Him, that Paradise is true and the Fire is true’, then Allaah will enter him into Paradise from whichever of the eight doors of Paradise he chooses.’[5]

In another narration: ‘Allaah enters him into Paradise with what he has of actions.’[6]

It is the best thing with which Allaah -Azza wa Jal- is rememberedand the heaviest thing on the slave of Allaah’s scale on the Day of Judgement as mentioned in ‘Musnad’ on the authority of Abdullaah bin Amr -radiAllaah anhu- from the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

 ‘When death was approaching the Prophet of Allaah, Nooh –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – he said to his son: I will narrate to you my bequest; I command you with two things and prohibit you from two things.  I command you with ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ (‘There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah), if the seven heavens and the seven earths were placed upon one scale and ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’was placed on the other, then ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’  would be heavier.

If the seven heavens and the seven earths were a closed circle then‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ would be able to break it.

The second thing I command you with is Subhana Allaahi wa bihamdihi (Far is Allaah from imperfection and praise is for Him), since it is a supplication for everything and by it, the creation is given its provision.

I prohibit you from Shirk and pride. (The narrator said: I asked or someone asked) : O Messenger of Allaah as for Shirk then we know about it, but what is pride?  Is it that one of us has sandals with two good straps?

The Messenger answered: No.

He asked again: Is it that one of us has companions and they sit with him?

The Messenger again answered: No.

Someone asked: O Messenger of Allaah, what is pride?

He said: Ridiculing the truth and belittling and reviling the people.’[7]

Also in ‘Musnad’ on the authority of Abdullaah bin Amr -radiAllaah anhu-from the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘Musa –alayhi Sallam- said: ‘O Lord teach me something by which I can remember You and supplicate to You.’

He said: O Musa say ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’

Musa said: O Lord everyone of Your slaves says this.’

He said: O Musa say ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’

He said: ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ but I want something specific for me.

He said: O Musa if the seven heavens and the seven earths and what is in them other than Me were placed on a scale and ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ was placed on the scale then ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ wouldoutweigh them.’[8]

In Tirmidhi, Nisa’ee and in Musnad on the authority of Abdullaah bin Amr bin al-Aas -radiAllaah anhu- who said I heard the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam –saying:

‘Indeed Allaah will single out a man from my Ummah in front of all the people on the Day of Judgement.  Ninety-nine scrolls will be unrolled for him; every scroll will stretch as far as the eye can see.

Then Allaah will say: Do you deny anything of this?  Did the Angelsrecording your deeds oppress you?

So the man will say: No, my Lord.

Allaah will say: Do you have an excuse?

The man will say: No, my Lord.

Allaah will say: Yes, indeed, We have a good deed for you and indeed, there will be no oppression upon you today.’

Then a card will be brought forth and in it will be: ‘I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger.’

Then Allaah will say: Bring your bad deeds.

The man will say: What is this card compared with these scrolls?

Allaah will say: Indeed, you will not be oppressed.

The Prophet continued: The scrolls will be put on one side of the scales and the card will be put on the other side, the scrolls will be light and the card will be heavy, there can be nothing more heavythan the name of Allaah.’[9]

All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace and blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions and all those who follow his guidance.

Taken from ‘Ma’arij al-Qabool’ 410 vol.2

Footnotes

[1] On the authority of Abu Dharr who said: ‘I said: O Messenger of Allaah advise me.’ The Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said: ‘If you do a bad deed then follow it up with a good one and it wipes it out.’  Abu Dharr continued: I said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah is ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ from the good deeds?’ He answered: ‘It is the best of righteous deeds.’ Narrated by Ahmad and al-Albani graded it Hasan in ‘Saheehah’ (1373).

[2] Saheeh Muslim

[3] Saheeh Muslim

[4] Narrated by Ahmad and Ibn Khuzaimah and al-Albani graded it as saheeh in ‘Kitab as-Sunnah’ (852)

[5]  Bukhari & Muslim

[6] Bukhari & Muslim

[7] Silsilah Saheehah: 134

[8] This narration has been declared Da’eef by Shaykh Muqbil bin Hadi al-Waadi’ee in his checking of ‘al-Mustadrak’ by al-Hakim 1/1988.

[9] Silsilah Saheehah: 135

Click the Below Link to read the PDF

The Excellence of ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ – Hafidh al-Hakami – Abbas Abu Yahya (PDF)

 

Helping a dying Person to Pronounce ‘La Ilaha Illahllah’

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 150
Helping a dying Person to Pronounce ‘La Ilaha Illahllah’

917. Mu`adh bin Jabal (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He whose last words are: `La ilaha illallah’ (There is no true god except Allah) will enter Jannah.”
[Abu Dawud].

918. Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Exhort your dying men to recite: `La ilaha illallah’ (There is no true god except Allah).”
[Muslim].

Shahada:Confession of a Muslim : Dr. Muhammed Taqi-udin Al- Hilali

La ilaha ill Allaah, Muhammad-ur- Rasul-Allaah

[None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah, and Muhammad (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam = May the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is the Messenger of Allaah ].

We have noticed that most of the Europeans and others, who embrace Islam, do not understand the reality of the meaning of the first fundamental principle of Islam, i.e. “La ilaha ill Allaah (None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah – and Muhammad (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) is the Messenger of Allaah.” So I consider it essential to explain something of the meanings of this Great Sentence (i.e. Principle) in some detail:

La ilaha ill Allaah, Muhammad-ur-: Rasulullah

“None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah ….. and Muhammad (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) is the Messenger of Allaah” It has three aspects : A, B and C.

Aspect A: It is that, you have. to pledge a covenant with (Allaah), the Creator of the Heavens and Earth, the Ruler of all that exists, the Lord of Majesty and Highness, on four points (or conditions):

Point 1: A confession with your heart that the-Creator (of everything) is Allaah, it is that you have to say: “I testify that the Creator of all the universe including the stars, the planets, the sun, the moon, the heavens, the earth with all its known and unknown forms of life, is Allaah.. He is the Organizer and Planner of all its affairs. It is He Who gives life and death, and He (i.e. .Allaah -Alone) is the Sustainer, and the Giver of Security, etc. “And this is called your confession for the Oneness of the Lordship of Allaah,” — “TAUHID Ar-Rububiyya”.

Point 2: A confession with your heart that you have to say: “I testify that: None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah Alone. The word “Worship” (i.e. ‘Ibadah) carries a great number of meanings in the Arabic language: It conveys that all kinds of worship are meant for Allaah (and none .else, whether it be an angel, Messenger, Prophet, Jesus-son of Mary, Ezra, Muhammad, saint, idol, the sun, the moon and all other kinds of false deities). So pray to none but Allaah, invoke none but Allaah, ask for help from none (unseen) but Allaah, swear by none but Allaah, offer an animal as sacrifice to none but Allaah,…etc., and that means – all what Allaah and His Messenger (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) order you to do, (in His Book. The Qur’an and in the As-Sunna (Legal ways of Prophet Muhammad , sallalahu alayhi wa sallam ) you must do, and all that Allaah and His Messenger (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) forbid you, you must not do.” And this is called (your confession for the) “Oneness of the Worship of Allaah.”– “Tauhid Al-Uluhiyya”. And that you (mankind) worship none but Allaah.

Point 3: A confession with your heart that you have to say: “O Allaah! I testify that all the best of names and the most perfect qualities with which You have named or qualified Yourself in Your Book (i.e. the Qur’an) or as Your Prophet Muhammad (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) has named or qualified You, with his statement,” …… I confirm that all those (names and qualifications) are for You without changing their meanings or neglecting them completely or giving resemblance to others.” As Allaah said: “There is nothing like unto Him and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.” (Qur’an 42:11). This Holy Verse confirms the quality of hearing and the quality of sight for Allaah without resemblance to others (the creation), and likewise. He also said: “To one whom I have created with Both My Hands,” ( Qur’an 38:75).

and He also said: “The Hand of Allaah is over their hands.” (Qur’an 48: 10)

This confirms two Hands for Allaah, but there is no similarity (i.e. they are NOT like human hands) for them. Similarly Allaah said: “The Most Beneficent (Allaah) “Istawa” (rose over) the (Mighty) Throne.” (Qur’an 20:5).

So He rose over the Throne really in a manner that suits His Majesty. And Allaah is over His Throne over the seventh Heaven, as the slave-girl pointed towards the Heavens, when Allaah’s Messenger (Muhammad sallalahu alayhi wa sallam ) asked her as to where Allaah is? He only comes down over the first (nearest) Heaven to us on the Day of ‘Arafat (Hajj, i.e. the 9th of Dhul-Hijja), and also during the last third part of the night as mentioned by the Prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam), but He is with us by His Knowledge only, not by His Personal-Self (bidhatihi). It is not like that, as some people say that Allaah is present everywhere, here. there, and even inside the breasts of men.

He sees and hears all that we do or utter, etc. And this is called (your confession for the) “Oneness of the Names and Qualities of Allaah” “Tauhid Al-Asma was-Sifat” and this is the Right Faith, the faith which was followed by the Messengers of Allaah (from Noah, Abraham, Moses, David, Solomon, Jesus to Muhammad ( peace of Allaah be upon them all) and the companions of the Prophet Muhammad (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) and the righteous followers of these Messengers (peace of Allaah be upon them all).

Point IV:A confession with your heart that you have to say: “O Allaah! I testify that Muhammad (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) is Your Messenger.” That means that none has the right to be followed after Allaah. but the Prophet Muhammad (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam), as he is the Last of His Messengers. As Allaah said:

“Muhammad (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) is not the father of any man among you but he is the Messenger of Allaah and the last (end) of the Prophets and Allaah is Ever All-Aware of everything” ( Qur’an 33:40).

“And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad, sallalahu alayhi wa sallam ) gives you, take it and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain from it,”(Qur’an 59:7).

And Allaah said: “Say (O Muhammad, sallalahu alayhi wa sallam, to mankind): If you (really) love Allaah, then follow me.” (Qur’an 3:31).

As for others than Muhammad ( sallalahu alayhi wa sallam ), their statements are to be taken or rejected as to whether these are in accordance with Allaah’s Book (i.e. the Qur’an) or with the Sunna (legal ways, orders, acts of worship, statements, etc.) of the Prophet (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) or not. As the Divine Inspiration has stopped after the death of the Prophet Muhammad (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) and it will not resume except at the time of the Descent of Jesus, son of Mary and he (i.e. Jesus) will rule with justice according to the Islamic Laws. during the last days of the world as it has been mentioned in the authentic Hadith (i.e. Narration of the Prophet Muhammad, sallalahu alayhi wa sallam ) (sahih-Al-Bukhari Vol. 3, Hadith No. 425)

Aspect B:. It is essential to utter, “La ilaha ill Allaah, Muhammad-ur-Rasul Allaah” (“None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah, and Muhammad (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) is the Messenger of Allaah “. As it has come in the statement of the Prophet Muhammad (sallalahu alayhi wa sallam) to his uncle Abu Talib at the time of the latter’s death: “O uncle, if you utter it (‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah, and Muhammad, sallalahu alayhi wa sallam, is the Messenger of Allaah’), then I shall be able to argue on your behalf before Allaah, on the Day of Resurrection.” Similarly, when Abu Dhar Al-Ghifari embraced Islam, he went to Al-Masjid-al-Haram and he proclaimed it loudly in front of the Quraish infidels Until he was beaten severely.

Aspect C: . It is essential that the limbs and all other parts and organs of one’s body testify to it, and this is very important as regards its meaning (i.e., the meaning of “None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah. and Muhammad, sallalahu alayhi wa sallam, is the Messenger of Allaah”). So whoever has confessed this (with his Lord), he shall not Commit sins like robbing. killing, stealing, illegal sexual intercourse, eating pig meat. drinking alcoholic beverages, taking undue advantage of orphan’s property. cheating in trade. bribery and earning money through illegal means. etc… or otherwise the limbs, all other parts and organs of his body will testify against him that he was a liar in his words which he pledged to Allaah. In case he commits the above sins, he should know that it is a sin that obliges him to repent to Allaah, and ask His Forgiveness, as (his) body parts (i.e. skin, private parts, hands, tongue ears. etc.) will testify to the above mentioned crimes (i.e. actions) against his self on the Day of Resurrection.

And with the confession of this Great Sentence (i.e. Principle) a person enters in the fold of (i.e. embraces) the Islamic Religion accordingly, it is essential for him to believe in all the Messengers of Allaah and not to differentiate between them. As it is mentioned in His Book, Allaah said: “Do then those who disbelieve think that they can take My Slaves (i.e. the angels; Allaah’s Messengers; Jesus, son of Mary, etc.) as Auliya” (Lords, Gods, Protectors etc.) besides Me? Verily, We have prepared Hell as an entertainment for the disbelievers (in the Oneness of Allaah–Islamic Monotheism). Say (O Muhammad, sallalahu alayhi wa sallam): Shall We tell you the greatest losers in respect of (their) deeds?” Those whose efforts have been wasted in this life, while they thought they were acquiring good by their deeds”.

“Those are they who deny the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord and in the meeting with Him (in the Hereafter). So their works are in vain, and on the Day of Resurrection, We shall not give them any weight.”

“That shall be their recompense, Hell, because they disbelieved and took My Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, revelations, etc.) and My Messengers by way of jest and mockery. “

“Verily! Those who believe (in the Oneness of Allaah Islamic–Monotheism), and do righteous deeds, they shall have the gardens of Al-Firdaus (Paradise) for their entertainment.”

“Wherein they shall dwell (for ever). No desire will they have to be removed there from.”

“Say ( O Muhammad, sallalahu alayhi wa sallam ! to Mankind): If the sea were ink ( with which to write) the Words of my Lord, surely the sea would be exhausted, before the Words of my Lord would be finished even if We brought (another sea) like it for its aid.”

“Say (O Muhammad, sallalahu alayhi wa sallam ), I am only a man like you, it has been inspired to me that your Ilah (God) is One Ilah (God — i.e. Allaah). So whoever hopes for the meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.” (The Qur’an 18: 102-1 10).

This introduction is necessary for anyone who wishes to embrace Islam. After this confession he (or she ) should take a bath (i.e. Ghusl) and then offer a two Rak’at prayer, and act upon the five Principles of Islam, as narrated by Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) in the Book, Sahih Al-Bukhari. Vol. I Hadith No.7 : Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him), Allaah’s Messenger , sallalahu alayhi wa sallam, said: Islam is based on (the following five (principles):

1. To testify La ilaha ill Allaah wa anna Muhammad-ar-Rasul Allaah (None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah and that Muhammad, sallalahu alayhi wa sallam, is Allaah’s Messenger).

2. To offer the (compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly (Iqamat-as -Salat).

3. To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity).

4. To perform Hajj (i.e. Pilgrimage to Makka).

5. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan.

and must believe in the six Articles of Faith, i.e. to believe in:

(I) Allaah,
(2) His Angels,
(3) His Messengers,
(4) His Revealed Books,
(5) the Day of Resurrection, and
(6) Al-Qadar (Divine Preordainments i.e. whatever Allaah has ordained must come to pass).]

Posted from appendix of the book  The Noble Quran  by. Dr.Muhammad Taqi-ud-Din Al-Hilali, Ph.D. & Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan

The Meaning , Pillars and Conditions of Laa Ilaaha illa-Allaah & Muhammad-Rasoolullaah

Shaikh Muhammad ibn Abdul-Wahhab al-Wasabi
Source: Lessons on Tawhid – Approximately 50 Classes – from Dar-ul-Hadith, Dammaj, Yemen

Class 01 : April – 2 – 05 
The Meaning and Pillars of Laa Ilaaha illa-Allaah

Class 02 : April – 9 – 05
The Conditions of Laa Ilaaha illa-Allaah – Condition # 1: Knowledge

Class 03 : April – 16 – 05
The Conditions of Laa Ilaaha illa-Allaah – Condition #2: Certainty, Condition #3: Acceptance

Class 04 : April – 23 – 05
The Conditions of Laa Ilaaha illa-Allaah – Condition #3: Acceptance, Condition #4: Surrender

Class 05 : April – 30 – 05
The Conditions of Laa Ilaaha illa-Allaah – Condition #5: Truthfulness, Condition #6: Sincerity, Condition #7: Love

Class 06 : May – 7 – 05
The Conditions of Laa Ilaaha illa-Allaah – Condition #7: Love; Condition #8: Disbelief in Taghoot; Requirements of Laa Ilaaha illa-Allaah; Meaning of Muhammad-Rasoolullaah

Class 07 : May – 14 – 05
Meaning of Muhammad-Rasoolullaah; Conditions of Muhammad-Rasoolullaah – 7 Conditions; Requirements of Muhammad-Rasoolullaah

 

The Weight of ‘Laa ilaaha illAllaah’ – Shaykh Saalih as-Suhaymee

The Weight of ‘Laa ilaaha illAllaah’ 

`Abdullaah ibn `Amr said, “Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu ` alayhi wa sallam said,

‘A man from my nation will be called out in front of the whole of the creation on the Day of Resurrection.  So ninety-nine scrolls will be laid out for him.  Each of the scrolls will be as far as the eye can see.  Then it will be said, “Do you deny anything from this?” So he will say, “No, O my Lord.” So it will be said, “Do you have any excuse or any good deed?” So the man will fear and he will say, “No.”  So it will be said: “Yes indeed, you have good deeds with Us.  You will  not be wronged with regard to them.” So a parchment will be brought out for him containing, ‘I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger. So he will say, “O my Lord, what is this parchment in comparison to those scrolls?” So it will be said, “You will not be wronged.” So the scrolls will be placed on one scale and that parchment will be placed on one scale.  So the scrolls will be lighter and the parchment will outweigh.’”

Reported by Ibnul-Mubaarak in his book az-Zuhd and in his Musnad and by Imaam Ahmad and by at-Tirmithee and Ibn Maajah and others besides.

Shaykh al-Albaanee declared this hadeeth saheeh, authentic.

Shaykh Saalih as-Suhaymee hafizahullaah mentioned some points of benefit with regard to this hadeeth.  He said, “The hadeeth contains a number of points of benefit.

“The first benefit is that the people of sins will be beneath al-mashee·ah (Allaah’s Will and Wish).  If Allaah wishes He will forgive them by His favour.  And if He wishes He will punish them by His justice.

“The second point of benefit is that whoever is such that his eemaan (true belief) and his towheed is strong, and his attachment to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, this fact may be a means for wiping away all of his evil deeds.  And there is no clearer proof for this than the fact that this small parchment will outweigh and overcome all of the rest of the scrolls.

“The third point of benefit is that the person who is guilty of major sin, he does not become a disbeliever, as the Khawaarij and the Mu`tazilah claimed.  Rather he is beneath mashee·atullaah (the Wish and Will of Allaah).   So even if he is punished, then still he will not remain forever in the Fire.

“The fourth point of benefit is the tremendous virtue of Laa ilaaha illAllaah, none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah over the rest of deeds. So when a Muslim says it, knowing its meaning and acting in accordance with it, then that is the case, tremendous.

“The fifth point of benefit is establishment of al-meezaan (Balance of deeds) with which the deeds will be weighed on the Day of Resurrection, and that it is a balance which is true and real.  It will be erected on the Open Plain of the Resurrection before the passing over the Siraat (Bridge).  This is the most correct of the sayings which the People of Knowledge mention.”

Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank rahimahullaah

Related Links:

Teaching the child Kalimatut-Tawheed (Laa Ilaaha Illallah – There is no god/deity deserving of worship in truth except Allah)

Teaching the child Kalimatut-Tawheed
(Laa Ilaaha Illallah – There is no god/deity deserving of worship in truth except Allah)

From the book “Taribeeyatul-Awlaad fee Dhaw’il-Kitaab was Sunnah” (Educating the Children in the Light of the Book (Qur’aan) and the Sunnah), introduced by Ash-Shaykh, Al-Aalim, Ar-Rabbaaniyy (the educator) Saalih inb Fawzaan Al-Fawzaan (May Allah preserve him upon good) and prepared by Abdus-Salaam Ibn Abdillah Sulaymaan (May Allah preserve him upon good).

Point 12: Teaching the child the Statement of At-Tawheed (Tawheed is to single out Allah alone, in all acts of worship).

So the first of what the child begins with in speech, obligatory upon al-waalidayn (the father and mother), is teaching him Kalimatut-Tawheed, and to instruct to it.

Ibn Abbaas (May Allah be pleased with his father and him) narrates that An-Nabiyy (the Prophet) (Allah’s peace and blessings upon him) said: ((Establish upon your children the first statement, Laa Ilaaha Illallah and instruct them at the time of death Laa Ilaaha Illallah)).

Umm Sulaym (May Allah be pleased with her), used to teach her son Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) to say: Laa Ilaaha Illallah (There is no god deserving of worship in truth except Allah). Say: I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and that was before Al-Fitaam (the end of 2 year suckling or nursing period of a baby from his mother).

It must be repeated in front of him, and this is pertaining to the mother and she plays with him. It then becomes habitual. To bring about understanding, she explains to him a simple explanation teaching him its meaning.

He knows that Allah is One, and He has no partner(s). He is Al-Khaaliq (The Creator). He is above the heavens, and He rises above His Arsh (Throne). He is fully aware (in sight and knowledge) over us and knowledgeable of our affairs. He hears and sees. Verily He is Al-Qaadir (His will and decree is over everything).

Trusting upon Allah becomes habitual and Allah is Ash-Shaafee (the One Who cures and gives good health). It is obligatory upon us to love Him and to worship Him. Likewise, the child is to be taught to love An-Nabiyy (Allah’s peace and blessings upon him), and to obey him. He is to be told something regarding his (An-Nabiyy) behaviour and his traits. That he loved children and played with them and similar to that of what she teaches him of their understanding.

It is repeated upon them: ((Who is your Lord? Who is your Prophet? What is your Religion?)) and ((Where is Allah?)).

He learns about love of the Companions (May Allah be pleased with them all) and the righteous (May Allah have mercy upon them). He memorises Al-Faatihah, Suratul-Ikhlaas and Al-Mu’awwidhatayn ( Suratul-Falaq and Suratun-Naas).

Aboo Abdir-Rahmaan Abdur-Raqeeb
http://insightaudio.com/pub/?p=513

The Two Testimonies – Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen [Video|Ar-En Subtitles]

The Correct meaning of ‘Laa ilaaha illa Allaah’ – by Shaikh ibn Baaz

True Meaning of ‘Laa ilaaha illa Allaah’ is :  There is no deity truly worthy of worship except Allah

All praise is due to Allah alone and may peace and blessings be upon the Noblest of the messengers, our Prophet Muhammad, his family, his Companions, Tabi`un (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet) and those who followed them in the best manner until the Day of Resurrection.

I have read the article written by our brother in Islam, the eminent Shaykh `Umar ibn Ahmad Al-Millibary on the meaning of ‘La ilaha illa Allah’. I read the explanation of the shaykh thoroughly on the three points of view regarding its meaning. The definitions are as follows:

First, it means that there is no deity truly worthy of worship except Allah.
Second, that there is no deity truly worthy of obedience except Allah.
Third, that there is no god but Allah.

The correct definition, as he stated, is the first which is clarified in the Book of Allah (may He be Praised) many times. For instance, Allah (may He be Praised) states, You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything). and, And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. He (may He be Praised) also states, And I (Allâh) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). and, That is because Allâh — He is the Truth (the only True God of all that exists, Who has no partners or rivals with Him), and what they (the polytheists) invoke besides Him, it is Bâtil (falsehood).

There are many Ayahs (Qur’anic verses) to this effect. Moreover, this is the meaning that the polytheists understood from ‘La ilaha illa Allah’, when the Prophet (peace be upon him) called them to it, saying: O my people, say ‘La ilaha illa Allah’, to succeed.

They denied it and haughtily rejected to accept him because they understood that it contradicts their forefathers’ worship of idols, trees and stones and their deification, as Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) mentions in Surah (Qur’anic chapter) Sad, And they (Arab pagans) wonder that a warner (Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) has come to them from among themselves. And the disbelievers say: “This (Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) is a sorcerer, a liar. “Has he made the âlihah (gods) (all) into One Ilâh (God – Allâh). Verily, this is a curious thing!”

In Surah Al-Saffat (ayat 35 and 36), Allah states concerning the polytheists: Truly, when it was said to them: La ilaha illa Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah), they puffed themselves up with pride (i.e. denied it). And (they) said: “Are we going to abandon our alihah (gods) for the sake of a mad poet?” This indicates that the polytheists understood that the meaning of ‘La ilaha illa Allah’ superseded their deities and necessitated dedicating their acts of worship to Allah Alone. Thus, when one of them embraced Islam, he gave up Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship) and dedicated acts of worship to Allah Alone.

Had ‘La ilaha illa Allah’ meant only that there is no god but Allah, or that there is none worthy of obedience but Allah, they would have never rejected it. That is because they already knew that Allah is their Lord and Creator Who must be obeyed in the orders they believed to come from Him. Rather, they believed that worship of idols, prophets, angels, righteous people, trees and the like were their intercessors with Allah and brought them closer to Him. Allah says in Surah Yunus, aya 18: And they worship besides Allah things that harm them not, nor profit them, and they say: “These are our intercessors with Allah.”  Say: “Do you inform Allâh of that which He knows not in the heavens and on the earth?” Glorified and Exalted is He above all that which they associate as partners (with Him)! He (Glorified and Exalted be He) also states: The revelation of this Book (the Qur’ân) is from Allâh, the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. Verily We have sent down the Book to you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) in truth: So worship Allâh (Alone) by doing religious deeds sincerely for Allâh’s sake only. Surely the religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allâh only. And those who take Auliyâ’ (protectors, helpers, lords, gods) besides Him (say): “We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allâh.”

The pagans admitted that they worshiped others only to bring them near to Allah, but Allah (may He be Praised) responded to this, Verily, Allâh will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Truly, Allâh guides not him who is a liar, and a disbeliever.

Allah (may He be Praised) declared that they are both liars in the claim that their deities bring them near to Allah, and disbelievers because of committing this act. There are many Ayahs that support this meaning.

All praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, his Companions, Tabi`un and those who followed them in the best manner until the Day of Resurrection!

Source : alifta.com – by Shaik Ibn Baaz

Or download the PDF : The Meaning of ‘La ilaha illa Allah’ – Ibn Baz Fatawa – from alifta.com [PDF]

Does mere pronouncement of Shahadah suffices to enter Islam? – Fatwas of Nur Ala Al-Darb

Q: Does mere pronouncement of Shahadah (Testimony of Faith) suffice for a person to be rightfully called a Muslim, or does one have to do other things in order for their Islam and Iman (faith) to be complete?

A:

It is enough for a non-Muslim to pronounce the first pillar of Islam, that is, to bear witness that La ilaha illa Allah (there is no deity but Allah) and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah to be rightfully called a Muslim provided that this testimony is pronounced out of one’s certainty, knowledge, true belief, and sincere work. A person will then be asked to perform Salah (Prayer) and observe other acts of `Ibadah (worship).

When the Prophet (peace be upon him) sent Mu`adh (may Allah be pleased with him) to Yemen, he said: Invite them to bear witness that La ilaha illa Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. If they do that, then inform them that Allah has made it obligatory upon them to offer the Five Obligatory Daily Prayers. If they obey, then inform them that Allah has made it obligatory upon them to pay Zakah (obligatory charity) which is taken from the rich among them and distributed among the poor. The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not ask Mu`adh to command them to offer Salah until their Tawhid (monotheism) and Iman in the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) were firmly established. First of all, they are required to declare the Oneness of Allah and believe in Muhammad as the Messenger of Allah. Once they embrace Islam, the former Kafir (disbeliever) will hold the same rulings applied to Muslims. Then they will be required to offer Salah and perform all other religious acts. If they refrain from performing these acts, other rulings will be applicable to them.For example, if they abstain from offering Salah, they are given the chance to offer Tawbah (repentance). Otherwise, the Muslim ruler may punish him by capital punishment. If they arrogantly refuse to pay or and fight for that, they will also be fought. This is based on the fact that the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet) fought those who denied Zakah. If they deny Sawm (fast), the Imam (ruler) may inflict Ta`zir (discretionary punishment) on them in a way that serves as a deterrent for them. The same applies to abstention of performing Hajj in case a person is financially and physically capable of performing it. This ruling is applicable to all sins which are liable to Ta`zir or Had (ordained punishment for violating Allah’s Law).

In conclusion, a person will be considered as having embraced Islam once they declare Shahadah whereby they will be treated as Muslims. If they die soon after declaring Shahadah, they will dwell in Jannah (Paradise). For example, if they embrace Islam after sunrise and die before they can offer the Zhuhr (Noon) Prayer, they will be regarded as Muslims though they have not performed any Salah. This was the case with some of the Sahabah who were killed on the battlefield soon after they embraced Islam. They belong to the dwellers of Jannah, even though they did nothing except having declared Allah’s Oneness and believed in the Messenger of Allah. However, if they live until the time of Salah is due, they will be commanded to offer it.

If they amass wealth which reaches Nisab (the minimum amount on which Zakah is due), they will be commanded to pay Zakah. They will also be required to observe Sawm if they witness the month of Ramadan. They will also be obliged to perform Hajj if they have the means.

In general, they will hold the same rulings applied to Muslims whether those related to this life or the Hereafter. They will be obliged to fulfill all the duties of Islam. However, if they die before the time of Salah has become due, they will be regarded as Muslims and shall be consigned to Jannah. In case of their persistent refusal to offer Salah, they will be treated as Kafirs. This is the view held by a large number of scholars. Other scholars hold that theywill be considered as having committed minor Kufr (disbelief that is not tantamount to taking the Muslim out of Islam). Although they will have to be put to death, they will not be considered as having committed major Shirk (disbelief that takes the Muslim out of Islam). The same applies to abandoning Zakah or Sawm. The correct opinion is that whenever a person abandons Salah intentionally, they are regarded as having denied its obligatory status. Accordingly, they will be executed according to the correct view maintained by scholars. The majority of Fuqaha’ (Muslim jurists) hold the view that they will be considered disobedient Muslims. This is the view held by the majority of later Fuqaha’. However, `Abdullah ibn Shaqiq Al-`Aqily reported that the Companions were unanimous on the fact that whoever abandons Salah will be considered as having committed Kufr.

Fatwas of Nur `Ala Al-Darb

Source: alifta.com

The Shahaadah – Testimony of Faith & It’s Conditions – by Dr. Saleh As-Saleh (rahimahullah)

The Shahaadah – Testimony of Faith- by Dr. Saleh As-Saleh (rahimahullah)

Click the Below Link to Read or Download the Document

[The Shahaadah – Testimony of Faith – by Saleh As-Saleh]

Visit the Website of Dr. Saleh as Saleh Rahimahullaah : http://understand-islam.net

Dictating Shahadah to a woman who wants to become a Muslim – Permanent Committee

Q3: If there is a woman who wants to embrace Islam, is it permissible for a man to dictate the Shahadah (Testimony of Faith) to her or should it be a woman who does so?

A: There is no problem with dictating Shahadah to a woman who wants to become a Muslim if this is performed by a man or a woman. Yet it is preferable if it is a woman who does so, so that the new Muslim woman can learn all that she needs to know about Islam with complete ease.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member     Member     Member     Chairman
Bakr Abu Zayd     Salih Al-Fawzan     `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan     `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah Al Al-Shaykh

Source: alifta.com

The Virtue of “Laa ilaaha illallaah” – Imaam Ibn Maajah and Imaam Tirmidhee

Translated by Dawood Burbank
Extracted From the Works of Imaam Ibn Maajah and Imaam Tirmidhee

* IMAAM IBN MAAJAH –rahimahullaah– reported in his ‘Sunan’:

The Book of Manners: Chapter (54): The Virtue of ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah’ (no. 3794) :

“Aboo Bakr narrated to us, saying: al-Husayn ibn `Alee narrated to us: from Hamzah az-Zayyaat: from Aboo Ishaaq: from al-Agharr, Aboo Muslim: that he bore witness that Aboo Hurairah and Aboo Sa`eed bore witness: that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

<<When the servant says ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah, wallaahu akbar’ (None has the right to worshipped except Allaah and Allaah is greater), (he said:) Allaah -the Mighty and Majestic- says: ‘My servant has spoken the truth: None has the right to be worshipped but Me, and I am greater (than everything.)’

And when the servant says: ‘Laa ilaaha illaallaah, wahdah’ (None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone), He says: ‘My servant has spoken the truth: None has the right to be worshipped but Me, alone.’

And when he says: ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah, Laa shareeka lah’ (None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, He has no partner), He says: ‘My servant has spoken the truth: None has the right to be worshipped but Me, and I have no partner.’

And when he says: ‘Laa ilaah illallaah, lahul-Mulku wa lahul hamd’ (None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah. Sovereighty is His, and all praise is for Him), He says: ‘My servant has spoken the truth: None has the right to be worshipped except Me. Sovereighty is Mine, and all praise is for Me.’

And when he says: ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah, wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah’ (None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah, and there is no movement and no ability except with Allaah’s aid) then He says: ‘My servant has spoken the truth: None has the right to be worshipped except Me, and there is no movement and no ability except with My aid.’>>

-Aboo Ishaaq said: Then al-Agharr said something which I did not understand. He said: So I said to Aboo Ja`far: ‘What did he say?’ He said:

<<Whoever is granted it at his death will not be touched by the Fire>>.”

Shaikh al-Albaanee –rahimahullaah– said: ‘Saheeh’, [‘asSaheehah’ (no. 1390)]

* Imaam at-Tirmidhee –rahimahullaah– reported it in his ‘Sunan’: The Book of Supplications:

Chapter (37): What should the servant say when he becomes ill (no. 3430),

and his wording contains the phrases:

( لا إلهَ إلاّ اللهُ وَ اللهُ أكْبَرُ )

( لا إلهَ إلاّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ )

( لا إله إلاّ اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ )

( لا إلهَ إلاّ اللهُ  لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَ لَهُ الْحَمْدُ )

( لا إلهَ إلاّ اللهُ  وَ لا حَوْلَ وَ لا قُوَّةَ إلاّ بِاللهِ )

(Laa ilaaha illallaah, wallaahu akbar)

(Laa ilaaha illallaah, wahdah)

(Laa ilaaha illallaah, wahdahu laa shareeka lah)

(Laa ilaaha illallaah, lahul-Mulku wa lahul-hamd)

(Laa ilaaha illallaah, wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah)

 

and it ends:

“…And he used to say:

<<Whoever says it during his illness and then dies, then the Fire shall not taste him.>>

[ Shaikh al-Albaanee said: ‘Saheeh’].

And the hadeeth occurs in ‘RiyaadusSaaliheen’ of Imaam an-Nawawee (no. 914).

A False testimony of Faith (hypocrisy and the shahadah) – Sayings of the Salaf

The likeness [of the munâfiq] is as the likeness of one who kindled a fire; then, when it lighted all around him, Allâh took away their light and left them in darkness. So they could not see. They are deaf, dumb and blind, so they return not [to the Right Path]. (Quran 2:17)

Qatâdah – Allâh’s mercy be upon him – said:

This is the likeness Allâh has given of the Hypocrite (munâfiq); he says lâ ilâha illallâh and with it marries into the Muslims, inherits from the Muslims, fights alongside the Muslims, and protects his blood and wealth. But when death comes, [the testimony of faith] has no basis in his heart, and no reality in his actions, so the munâfiq is stripped of it at death and left in darkness and blindness wondering therein, just as he was blind about the right of Allâh and obedience to Him in his worldly life and deaf to the truth.

Al-Tabarî, Al-Tafsîr.

Source: Sayings of the Salaf