Swearing by the Sifaat of Allaah – Shaykh Al-Albaani

The Ahadeeth of Tawheed from the Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of  Shaykh Al-Albaani

Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

1168- “The person who was most severely trialed in the world will be brought forward from the people of Paradise. Allaah will say: immerse him deep into Paradise, so they will dip him into Paradise.

Then Allaah Azza wa Jal will ask: O son of Adam did you ever see any suffering or anything that you disliked?

He will answer: No, I swear by Your (Izzah) honour I never ever saw anything that I disliked.

Then the most blessed person in the world will be brought forward from the people of the Hell-fire. Allaah will say: dip him into Hell-fire.

Then Allaah will ask: O son of Adam did you ever see any good, or ever see anything pleasing to the eyes?

He will answer: No, I swear by Your (Izzah) honour I never ever saw any good, nor anything pleasing to the eyes.”

Benefit:

This hadeeth shows the permissibility of swearing by a Sifah (characteristic) from the Sifaat of Allaah Ta’ala, and from what al-Bayhaaqi mentioned in a chapter heading in ‘Sunaan al-kubra’ (10/41) ‘Chapter : What is mentioned regarding swearing by the Sifaat of Allaah Ta’ala like al-Izzah(Honour), al-Qudrah (Capability), al-Jalaal (Magnificence), al-Kubreeyah (Pride), al-Uthma (Greatness), al-Kalam (Speech) and as-Sama’ (Hearing) and those similar to it.’

Then he mentioned some Ahadeeth under this chapter, and he pointed to this hadeeth. He also used, for evidence, some narrations on the authority of Ibn Mas’ood and other than him. Then he mentioned: “this narration is evidence that swearing by the Qur’aan is considered taking an oath……’

Then he narrated with an authentic chain on the trustworthy Tabi’ee (successor) Amroo bin Dinaar who said; ‘I met people for 70 years saying: Allaah is the Creator, everything other than Him is created and the Qur’aan is the speech of Allaah Azza wa Jal.’

Source : Blog of Abbas Abu Yahya @  FollowingTheSunnah.wordpress.com

Encouragement to have Affection and Friendliness and Warning Against Splitting up and Differing – Shaykh Rabee bin Haadee al-Madkhalee

By the Shaykh Muhaddith Allaama Rabee’ bin Hadi bin Umayr al-Madkhalee
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Translator’s Introduction

All praise belongs to Allaah the Lord of the Heavens and the Earth, peace and blessings be upon His Prophet, the Prophet’s family, his Companions and all those who follow his way.

The following is a translation of a lecture which the noble Shaykh – may Allaah reward him with goodness – delivered in the blessed city of the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.   This lecture, which is available in tape form, was transcribed and adapted into a booklet[1] and published in 1426 A.H.  Due to the immense importance of the topic and the deep wisdom of the Shaykh we place it forward in the hands of our brothers and sisters by Allaah’s permission to promote the correct Dawa’ on the understanding of the Manhaj as-Salafiee.

We ask Allaah to bless and protect our noble Shaykh and all the noble scholars of Islaam and reward them on our behalf with a great reward amongst the righteous in His uppermost Paradise.

In the Name of Allaah the Most Kind the Most merciful

Indeed all Praise belongs to Allaah, we praise Him, we seek His aid and we seek His forgiveness.  We seek refuge in Him from the evil of ourselves and the evil of our actions. Whomsoever Allaah guides, there is none to misguide him, and whomsoever Allaah leaves astray then there is none that can guide him.

I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah Azza wa Jal, Alone without any partner, and I testify that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.

<< O you who believe! Fear Allaah as He should be feared and dare not die except in a state of Islaam with complete submission to Allaah. >> [al-Imraan: 102]

<<O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam) and from him He created his wife and from them both He created many men and women.  And fear Allaah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights) and do not cut the relations of the wombs (kinship). Surely, Allaah is Ever an All­-Watcher over you. >> [an-Nisaa: 1]

<<O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him and always speak the truth.  He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins.  And whosoever obeys Allaah and His Messenger he has indeed achieved a great achievement. >> [Ahzab: 70-71]

Amma ba’d:

Indeed the best speech is the Speech of Allaah, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam– and the worst of the affairs are the innovated ones, every innovation is a Bida’ and every Bida’ is misguidance and every misguidance is in the Hellfire.

Welcome – O my brothers for the sake of Allaah and O you noble students – those students of this distinguished knowledge who have made the journey from far distant places, to drink from the knowledge of the Sharia’ which gushes forth from the Book of Allaah and from the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – at the place of descent of the revelation in the city of the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.   Which is the second place of descent of the revelation after Makkah al-Mukkaramah the place from where the banners for the struggles and conquests were sent out to make the word of Allaah – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – uppermost, to spread this true religion and to make this Deen apparent over all the religions.  As Allaah – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – said:

<<It is He Who has sent His Messenger with guidance and the religion of truth to make it victorious over all other religions even though the Mushrikoon(polytheists) hate it.>>[as-Saff:9]

Indeed Allaah made this religion manifest at the hands of the noble, sincere Companions; the Companions of Muhammad   – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – who conquered hearts with knowledge, guidance and Eemaan.  They conquered fortresses and lands with the swords of truth.  So they assisted the religion of Allaah – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – with everything they had of strength, with everything that they were capable of sacrificing of wealth and souls.  They put into effect the objective which Allaah had intended for this Deen, that it prevail and that it be manifest above all religions.  This is because this religion stands upon guidance and upon knowledge not upon desires, ignorance, foolishness and chaos – which has now become predominant in many countries!  – There are those people whose Dawa’ is not built upon the Book of Allaah nor upon the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah, rather their Dawa’ stands upon the following desires, except those whom Allaah  – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – has protected.

This Islaamic University – along with those who are responsible for it and those who founded it – came to realize the reality of the Muslims and what they live in of ignorance and their being far from the true Manhaj of Allaah – except for a few – in the Muslim world.

Indeed this University was founded upon correct Islaamic methodologies, which spring forth from the Book of Allaah and from the Sunnah of theMessenger of Allaah – alayhis Sallat wa Sallam.  There were about four fifths of those accepted to the University from the sons of the rest of the Islaamic world and 20 in every 100 from the sons of the country of the two holy Islaamic sites so that those who come to the place of the descent of the revelation to receive pure knowledge could return to their countries to disseminate this knowledge, this goodness and this guidance which they had learnt:

<< Of every group of them, a party only should go forth, that they (who are left behind) may get instructions in (Islaamic) religion, and that they may warn their people when they return to them, so that they may beware (of evil). >> [at-Taubah: 122]

So this is a great opportunity for you, so take advantage of it and come closer to the pure and clear beneficial knowledge which is derived from the Book of Allaah and from the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, since its sources are abundant and all praise belongs to Allaah – in this city and in this university.

Whoever wishes truth and goodness  – for himself, his family, his people and country – then it is upon him to become serious and acquire knowledge from those of the scholars who are present; those who have given their own selves to learning this truth and disseminating it, -BarakAllaahu Feekum.

The Correct Sources of Knowledge

And it is upon him to learn from the sources which contain the correct beliefs and correct methodologies, to read the Salafi Tafseer books, which are based upon the Tafseer of the Book of Allaah by the Book of Allaah, by the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah and by the Fiqh of the noble Companions those who lived through the descent of the revelation and were present at the time of the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – and lived with him.

They knew the aim of the Book and the Sunnah. They are the ones whose Fiqh should be held on to as they preserved the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah – alayhis Sallat wa SallamThis is why the noble Messenger – alayhis Sallat wa Sallam – when he spoke about splitting up into sects and spoke about the Firqaat-Un Najeeyah said: ‘Those who are upon what I am upon and my Companions.'[2]

So this Fiqh of the true Deen of Allaah which the noble Companions had – which they acquired from the Book of Allaah and from the Sunnah of theMessenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, from his sayings, actions, his teachings and his directives – alayhis Sallat wa Sallam – it is obligatory upon us to take it as our reference.  The Companions are the intended believers in the saying of Allaah – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala -:

<< And whoever contradicts and opposes the Messenger after the right path has been shown clearly to him and follows other than the believers’ way. We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell – what an evil destination. >> [an-Nisaa: 115]

This is a severe threat to the one who contends with Allaah and His Messenger and follows a path other than that of the believers.

So pay attention to this matter and strive to understand the way of the believers which they derived from the Book of Allaah, the Sunnah of theMessenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – and from his purifying and educating them upon the Book and the wisdom -BarakAllaahu Feekum.

This is a great opportunity for you; understand from it the true Deen of Allaah and strive earnestly to make it apparent over all religions with proofs and evidences.

It is upon you to seek knowledge from its original watering sources; from the Salafi books of Tafseer, from the Salafi books of ‘Aqeedah, which gush forth from the Book of Allaah and from the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah –alayhis Sallat wa Sallam.  The difference between the way of the truthful believers and the way of the innovating discriminators of the true Manhaj of Allaah will become clear.

They – I swear by Allaah – are the protectors of this Ummah upon the Deen of Allaah Azza wa Jal, they had the correct ‘Aqeedah and Manhaj and they were firmly upon what Muhammad – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – came with.

From what is understood principally, is that it is obligatory upon us to follow the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – to hold on firmly to the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – and to bite onto that with our molar teeth, just as the Messenger of Allaah mentioned – when he gave an eloquent sermon whereby tears fell and the hearts trembled  – the Companions requested him to give them some advice they said ; O Messenger of Allaah it is as if this is a farewell sermon, so advise us, he said: ‘I advise you to fear Allaah…….’  pay attention to this advice.

‘….to hear and obey, whoever lives from amongst you will see many differences so it is upon you to hold on to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly guided Khulafah, bite on to it with your molar teeth, beware of newly invented matters, for every newly invented matter is a Bida’ and every Bida’ is misguidance.’[3]

[1] Translator’s note: Due to the saying of the noble Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam ‘Whoever does not thank the people does not thank Allaah.’ As narrated by Abee Sa’eed, & authenticated by al-Albaani in as-Saheehah, I say that may Allaah reward with all goodness in this life and in the Hereafter the brother who facilitated us with the booklet and aided us in its translation.  And to our editor, may Allaah enter her into the highest grades of His Paradise among the Prophets, the Companions and the righteous for all her efforts.

The headings were added for further clarity.

[2] Narrated by Tirmidhi (2641) from the hadeeth of Abdullaah bin ‘Amr –radhiAllaahu anhu- & regarded as Hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’ (5343).

[3] Narrated by Abu Daawood (4607), Tirmidhi (2676) & Ibn Majah (42) from the hadeeth of al-Irbaad bin Saariyah –radhiAllaahu anhu – & it was authenticated by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’ (2549).

Part 2

The Station of Taqwa and Ihsaan

So this sermon consists of the advice to fear Allaah, which is necessary and it is not exemplified except in the lives of the righteous, truthful scholars as in the saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

<<It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allaah. >>[Fatir: 28]

Fear Allaah Azza wa Jal so you can reach this level and learn so that you can reach that status; because the one who knows the correct ‘Aqeedah, Manhaj and rulings, manners and behaviour springing from the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – then he is the one who fears Allaah Azza wa Jal and Taqwa is attained with all of these matters.

So when these matters – which we have mentioned – are acknowledged then the slave is driven to the Taqwa of Allaah Azza wa Jal, to having fear of Him and being aware of Him in every time, place and situation.  This is a great station which is the station of al-Ihsaan (perfection of worship).

‘That you worship Allaah as if you see Him and if you cannot see Him then know that He sees you.'[1]

This station of al-Ihsaan (perfection of worship) is that a person has certainty that Allaah sees him and that Allaah hears all he says and hears; the beating of his heart, the feelings of his heart and what he thinks to himself.   AllaahSubhanahu Wa Ta’ala knows it and hears it and He sees his movements and when he is still.

So the true believer regards Allaah with true greatness and he acknowledges that Allaah Subhanah hears everything that he says and knows everything he discusses, or thinks to himself and that Allaah has:

<<Angels Kirâman (honourable) Kâtibîn writing down (your deeds). They know all that you do. >> [al-Infitar: 11-12]

So if these distinguished feelings are found in the soul of a believer then he has acquired the characteristic of Taqwa which causes him to keep away from sinning, Shirk, Bida’ and superstitions and he acquires the station of al-Ihsaan(perfection of worship) since he is aware of Allaah and he feels that Allaah sees him and he cannot hide anything of his affairs from Allaah not a little nor a lot, not even the like of an atom.

This is a noble awareness and distinguished feeling which pushes one -InshAllaah – to the Taqwa of Allaah.  This cannot be reached except for the one who knows the correct ‘Aqeedah, the correct rulings of Halaal and Haraam and knows the commands and prohibitions, the promise and the warnings from the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah – alayhis Sallat wa SallamThey are the ones who deserve the praise of Allaah – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – He said; about them:

<< It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allaah.>> [Fatir: 28]

And He said:

<< Allaah will exalt in degree those of you who believe and those who have been granted knowledge. >> [al-Mujadilah: 11]

So strive to be from these types of people: i.e. that you combine knowledge and action.  That is the fruit of correct knowledge and having the Taqwa of Allaah – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – and being aware of Him.

The Call to Allaah

It is upon you O brothers to acquire the pure, truthful Eemaan, beneficial knowledge and righteous actions.  Our Lord –Jal Sha’anahu- said:

<< By Al-‘Asr (the time). Verily! Man is in loss, except those who believe and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth and recommend one another to patience>> [al-Asr: 1-3]

Truthful Eemaan is only built upon knowledge.  Righteous actions do not emanate except from knowledge. Dawa’ to Allaah cannot be set forth with it (i.e. knowledge) except by the people of knowledge and being patient with harm -BarakAllaahu Feekum – is required for the one who has learnt, teaches and calls to Allaah  – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala –.

So be from those who know and believe in this knowledge, those who call to this knowledge and Eemaan and are patient with harm in the path of conveying this truth and goodness to the people.  Indeed a believing Muslim caller to Allaah will face harm the likes of which never even crossed his mind and nor had he anticipated!

A believer is not dazed by this since he is harmed in the way of Allaah and the best of Allaah’s creation were harmed in the path of Dawa’ to Allaah although they were the Prophets and the noble Messengers – alayhim as-sallam – and they were harmed more than us.  They were tried with severe enmity and hatred more than we are and this is the meaning of the saying of the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam : ‘The people with the severest trials are the Prophets, then the righteous people then their likes and their likes.'[2]

And the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – saying: ‘No one was harmed for the sake of Allaah like I was harmed.'[3]

So whoever holds fast to the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah and calls to it, will definitely be harmed – except if Allaah wills – so accustom yourself to patience:

<< Only those who are patient shall receive their rewards in full, without reckoning. >> [az-Zumar: 10]

Allaah ordered His Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – to take the great Prophets as an example and to be patient in the field of Dawa’ and striving just as the great Prophets were patient.  Allaah said to him:

<< Therefore be patient as did the Messengers of strong will and be in no haste about them (disbelievers). >> [al-Ahqaf: 35]

[1] Narrated by Bukhari (50) & Muslim (9) from the hadeeth of Abu Huraira – radhiAllaahu anhu.

[2] Narrated by Ahmad in his Musnad (1484) and it’s his wording. Also by Tirmidhi (2398) & Ibn Majah (4023) from the hadeeth of Sa’ad bin Abee Waqqas – radhiAllaahu anhu – & it was authenticated by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’ (992,994).

[3] Narrated by Tirmidhi (2472) & Ibn Majah (151) from the hadeeth of Anas –radhiAllaahu anhu – & it was authenticated by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’ (5125).

Part 3

An Excellent Example

And we have in the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – and in all the Prophets of Allaah a good example.  The Messenger was commanded to take those Prophets before him as an example and to follow their guidance and we have been commanded to follow the guidance of the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, and take him as an example:

<< Indeed in the Messenger of Allaah you have a good example to follow forhe who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allaah and the Last Day and remembers Allaah much. >> [al-Ahzab: 21]

This good example is complete in every matter which Muhammad – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam came with; so, he is an example in his ‘Aqeedah, so we believe in that which he believed in; an example in his worship, so we worship Allaah making the religion sincerely for Him, following that which the noble Messenger – alayhis Sallat wa Sallam – came with.

He is an example in great manners which perhaps many of the callers to Allaah – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – and many of the youth have lost, much of it having been forgotten and some of the youth have forgotten it too.  Indeed Allaah has praised His Messenger – alayhis Sallat wa Sallam – with eloquent praise and He said:

<< And verily, you are on an exalted standard of character >> [Qalam: 4]

So the caller to Allaah, the student of knowledge, the instructor and the guide all need to take the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – as an example in their ‘Aqeedah, Manhaj and manners.  So if these matters are combined in the caller to Allaah or they are nearly complete then this Dawa’ will be successful – InshAllaah – and the caller to Allaah will have presented it in the most beautiful and best form -BarakAllaahu Feekum.

If the caller to Allaah is deficient in the matters of his Dawa’, being deficient in having noble manners-from which is having patience, wisdom, gentleness, softness and other things which are important, which the Dawa’ of the Messengers –alayhim Sallat wa Sallam- requires.  Then this is an apparent deficiency in his Dawa’.  So it is upon him to ensure he manifests those matters completely.

Perhaps many of the people are negligent of this! And this harms the Dawa’ of Salafiyyah and harms its people.  Since if these manners are neglected and theDawa’ is presented to the people in a way that they dislike and is made unpleasant and detestable by having harshness, severity and recklessness – and the likes of these things – then this is an obstacle to the Dawa’ and to it being accepted.  Since these matters are even disliked in the affairs of the Duniya let alone in the matters of the Deen.

So it is necessary for the student of knowledge to follow a path of righteous good manners in giving Dawa’.

The Manner of The Call

Therefore, it is necessary for you – O brother – to take as an example theAathar which are mentioned about the way of calling to Allaah; and that is done by studying the biography of the Messenger, studying his manners, studying his ‘Aqeedah and studying his Manhaj.

Some people do not care about the ‘Aqeedah of the Messenger nor about hisManhaj and they follow other methodologies and beliefs, which Shaytaan fabricates for the people of Bida’ and misguidance whom Allaah forsakes.

There are a few people who have been blessed enough to acquire the ‘Aqeedah, but they are deprived of the Manhaj!  There are people who are blessed with the ‘Aqeedah and the Manhaj but in their behaviour they end up neglecting the‘Aqeedah and the Manhaj, the truth is with them – correct ‘Aqeedah and correctManhaj – but their behaviour and technique of giving Dawa’ destroys the Dawa’and harms it!

So be careful of opposing the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – in his ‘Aqeedah, hisManhaj and his Dawa’.  It is upon you to learn how he – alayhis Sallat wa Sallam –

used to call the people and to find out about these prophetic instructions of wisdom, patience, gentleness, pardoning and forgiveness, softness, kindness and other matters alongside these.

Comprehend these O brothers and know that these are necessary in our Dawa’to the people; do not take one aspect of Islaam and neglect the other aspects, or take one aspect from the ways of giving Dawa’ to Allaah – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – and neglect the other aspects.  Since that harms the Deen of Allaah -Azza wa Jal- and it harms the Dawa’ and its people.

I swear by Allaah; the Dawa’ of Salafiyyah in recent times – and in other times – was not spread except at the hands of people who were scholars, wise and gentle, who were the representation of the Manhaj of the Messenger – alayhis Sallat wa Sallam – and they implemented what they were able to.  So Allaah caused them to be of benefit and the Dawa’ As-Salafiyyah was widespread in many lands of the Duniya via their manners, knowledge and wisdom.

And in the present time; we see that the Dawa’ As-Salafiyyah is retreating and dwindling and that is not due to anything except the loss of their wisdom, rather the wisdom of the Messenger – alayhis Sallat wa Sallam – foremost, and the loss of the likes of his gentleness, mercy, manners, kindness and softness.

‘Aeysha cursed a Jew, so the Messenger of Allaah said to her: ‘ O ‘Aeysha indeed Allaah loves kindness in all matters.'[1]

If a scholar nowadays mentions this hadeeth to the youth, directing them to the correct Manhaj of giving Dawa’ to Allaah, then they say: this is watering things down (Tameea’)!

If these noble manners are mentioned and cited as a reminder the likes of wisdom, kindness, softness, gentleness and pardoning -which are the necessary requirements for giving Dawa’ to Allaah – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – and they are attributes which attract the people to the correct Dawa’– then the result of this would be that the people would enter into the religion of Allaah in droves.

These people, who try to change things, push the people away – in spite of the saying of the Messenger of Allaah: ‘Indeed there are those amongst you who repel.’[2]

And he said – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – ‘Make things easy, and do not make things difficult, give good news and do not drive people away.’[3]

O brothers: these people do not comprehend! Otherwise – I swear by Allaah – it obligates them to then brand the Messenger as one who waters things down(Mumaya’)! And that the Companions and the scholars of the Ummah watered things down (Mumaya’een)!

Their claim of watering down necessitates that they – those who are upon this severity and destructive harshness – which has destroyed the Dawatul Salafiyyah– it necessitates, that they claim that the Messenger himself who calls to kindness, wisdom and softness is also watering things down (Mumaya’), and we seek forgiveness from Allaah.

I swear by Allaah; they do not want this nor do they intend the Messenger of Allaah in what they say!  But they lack understanding.  So it is upon them – from now on – to comprehend what results from these rulings.

We, indeed – by Allaah, strive, debate, write, advise and call to Allaah – Ta’ala –with kindness and they regard us from those who water things down(Mumaya’een), they do not want us to say: wisdom, softness and kindness!

Indeed we have seen that harshness has destroyed the Dawa’ As-Salafiyyah, and torn its people apart, so what should we do?? I say: O brothers, when we see fires burning, do we leave them to burn more?? Or do we bring that which will extinguish these fires???

I was forced to – and this is my obligation – and I used to say this before today, but I concentrated upon this when I saw this destruction, and I saw these tribulations.  I say: it is upon you to have gentleness, it is upon you to have softness, it is upon you to have brotherhood and it is upon you to be merciful to each other.  Indeed this harshness has been directed towards the Ahl -ul-Sunnah themselves whereas they have left the Ahl- ul- Bida’ and aimed at theAhl-ul Sunnah with this destructive harshness and mixed it with oppression and false oppressive rulings.

Be aware be very aware, lest you follow this path which will destroy you and destroy Dawa’ As-Salafiyyah and it destroys its people.

[1] Narrated by Bukhari (6024) & Muslim (2165) from the hadeeth of ‘Aeysha–radhiAllaahu anha.

[2] Narrated by Bukhari (90) & Muslim (466) from the hadeeth of Abee Masood al-Badree  –radhiAllaahu anhu.

[3] Narrated by Bukhari (69) from the hadeeth of Anas bin Malik –radhiAllaahu anhu,  & by Muslim (1732) from the hadeeth of Abu Musa –radhiAllaahu anhu.

Part 4

Allaah Said, The Messenger Said, The Scholars Said

Call to Allaah – Ta’ala – with everything you have, with proofs and evidences in every place, with the words ‘Allaah said’, and ‘the Messenger of Allaah said’ and aided with – after Allaah – with the speech of the scholars of guidance whom, both the Ahul -ul – Sunnah and the people of Bida’ accept in their leadership and their status in Islaam.

I advise those brothers who go to Africa or to Turkey or to India or any other place that they should go with the phrase: ‘Allaah said, the Messenger of Allaah said and so and so from the scholars whom they respect said.’

So if, for example you went to Africa and you said: ‘Ibn Abdul Barr said, Malik said, so-and-so said.’  Even though the number of people who have corrupt beliefs is not small in number!  So if you come to them with the Book of Allaah – Ta’ala – and with the Sunnah of the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – then you should also bring the speech of the scholars so that they will listen to your speech and obey you.

This is wisdom, but if you come to them with just your own speech from yourself no-one will ever accept it from you. So it is necessary for you – after the speech of Allaah and the speech of His Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – that you connect it up with the speech of the scholars who have status in the hearts of the people and have a high station, those whom the people will not criticize nor their statements. So if you say: ‘Bukhari said’, you will find that they respect him.

So for example: The Soofeeyah everywhere respect Bukhari and they respect Muslim.  They respect these two books (Saheeh al-Bukhari and Saheeh Muslim) and they respect these two Imams.  They respect Ahmad bin Hanbal, al-Awzaa’ee and Sufyaan ath-Thawree and other than them from the preceding senior people of knowledge.

That is why there are ties between us and them where we meet up in the truth, so we enter into them from these channels.

And this is from wisdom O brothers; you should not now, due to this, begin by saying: ‘Ibn Taymeeyah said’, even though he is an Imam; because the ignorant people do not know him and even if they knew him they are made to hate him from what they hear from their senior people, so they do not want him nor do they desire him -BarakAllaahu Feekum..

You should say :’Ibn Taymeeyah said’  amongst the Salafiyeen -those who respect him- but do not say amongst other people, for example ‘Ibn Taymeeyah said, Ibn Abdul Wahhab  said,’ because the ignorant person who is cultured amidst the people of Bida’ runs away from this, so their shaykhs push them away.  So mention to them the names of the scholars whom they respect and hold in regard, because their leaders and their shaykhs misrepresent Ibn Taymeeyah and Ibn Abdul Wahhab and they misrepresent the scholars and leaders of the Dawa’ as we previously mentioned.

So do not approach them from this angle, since it is not from wisdom.

However, approach them from the angle of: ‘Malik said, Sufyaan ath-Thawree

said, al-Awzaa’ee said, Ibn ‘Uyainah said, Bukhari said, Muslim said, in such-and-such volume on such-and-such page.’  So the likes of these, they will accept from you.  Then if they accept this from you, they will after that respect Ibn Taymeeyah, they will know that he is on the truth and they will respect Ibn Abdul Wahab and they will know that he is on the truth etc.-BarakAllaahu Feekum.

I say: this is a word of admonition, to follow the path of wisdom in calling the people to Allaah – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala.

And it is from wisdom not to curse their Jamaah :

<< And insult not those whom they (disbelievers) worship besides Allaah, lest they insult Allaah wrongfully without knowledge. >> [al-An’aam:108]

Journey to Sudan

I say: when I went to Sudan, we stopped at Port Sudan.[1]  I was received by the youth of Ansaar as-Sunnah and they said to me: O shaykh we want to bring your attention to something.

I said: “Go ahead.”

They said: “Say whatever you want, say: ‘Allaah said, the Messenger of Allaah said.’ and attack with whatever you want of Bida’ and misguidance; like supplicating to other than Allaah, slaughtering, vows and seeking help etc.  But do not mention: such-and-such sect, nor so-and-so shaykh.  Do not mention that the Tijaaneeyah are from the different sects, nor the Batineeyah, nor mention their leaders, but quote the ‘Aqaaid (beliefs); and you yourself will find that the truth will be accepted from you.”

I said: “fine.”  And I followed that way and found a great acceptance from the people.

Do not think – O student of knowledge – that it is from the complete, truthfulManhaj that it is necessary to curse their shaykhs and to defame them!

Indeed Allaah Subhanahu says:

<< And insult not those whom they (disbelievers) worship besides Allaah, lest they insult Allaah wrongfully without knowledge. >> [al-An’aam:108]

So don’t curse the shaykh or say: ‘deviant!’ or something similar! Or suchandsuch Tariqaa (Soofee path)!

Since, when they hear this they run away from you.  You will be sinful and will have pushed the people away then you will be those who cause the people to turn away.

When the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – sent Muadh and Abu Musa to Yemen he said: “Make things easy and do not make things difficult, give glad-tidings and do not push people away.’[2]

So these are from the ways in which there is ease and glad-tidings.  It does not cause the people to be driven away.  I swear by Allaah that I did not enter a masjid except that I saw joy on the faces of the people and I couldn’t exit the place due to the many people who came to me to shake my hand and invite me.

Then the leaders of the Soofeeyah – Shayaateen – saw the danger of this way and this methodology in giving Dawa’, so they gathered together and conspired and strung some statements together with which to refute me.  They announced a lecture for me in a big field.

So we all gathered in this field and I spoke, then their leader got up and commented upon what I said, he began to allow seeking help from other than Allaah, to allow Tawwassul (Seeking closeness to Allaah with Haram means), to speak with the denial of Sifaat, talking and talking …….. Supporting all types of falsehood with an evil interpretation.

When he finished – he had no evidences, and he had mentioned weak and fabricated Ahadeeth and he mentioned sayings of Socrates.

I said: “O people, you have heard my speech and I say: ‘Allaah said, the Messenger said.  The well known scholars of the Ummah said.’  This man has mentioned fabricated Ahadeeth and did not support it with anything from the Qur’aan.  Did you hear: ‘Allaah said such-and-such in allowing seeking aid from other than Allaah?  And regarding the permissibility of Tawwassul?  Did you hear statements of the senior scholars like Malik and those like him?

You did not hear that, rather you heard fabricated and weak Ahadeeth and the statements of people who you know well to believe in superstitions.”

So this person who believed in superstitions began cursing and swearing.  And I began laughing, I did not curse him nor did I swear at him and I did not say anything more then: may Allaah bless you, may Allaah reward you, may Allaah reward you, may Allaah bless you.

Then we left, I swear by Allaah other than whom there is none worthy of worship except Him – the next day the people began talking in the masajid and the markets that the Soofeeyah were defeated.

[1] This is an inference to a lecture that Shaykh Rabee’ gave in the city of Port Sudan in the year 1392 A.H.  This is just one of many of the evidences that Shaykh Rabee’ follows a moderate Manhaj & has wisdom in giving Dawa’ to Allaah from the beginning of his life until today.  This is contrary to what some people claim that Shaykh Rabee’ follows a Manhaj of harshness. – Publisher’s Quote.

[2] Narrated by Bukhari (3038) & by Muslim (1733) from the hadeeth of Abu Musa al-Ashaari –radhiAllaahu anhu.

Part 5

Guidance for the People

So learn, O brothers, the correct methods of the Sharia’.  The aim is guidance for the people and the aim is conveying the truth to the hearts of the people.

O brother, it is upon you to use all that you can from the ways of the Sharia’ in the path of Dawa’ to Allaah.  And we do not believe that the ends justify the means since this is from the characteristics of the people of Bida’ who fell into – due to these characteristics – lying, twisting, circling around the subject and trickery.  Just as the Imam ‘Alee bin Harb al-Moosalee said: ‘Every person who follows his desire lies and he doesn’t care that he lies.’

We don’t have any of these characteristics; we are the people of honesty and the people of truth.  We present the truth in a form and fashion which the people accept and it affects their hearts, may Allaah bless you.

Then we also went to ‘Kasla’ in Sudan and MashAllaah the Dawa’ was going smoothly and well and all praise belongs to Allaah, we spoke there and praise belongs to Allaah and Allaah made our speech beneficial.

Then we went to ‘al-Ghazarif’ it is a small city there and we rotated between all the masajd in that place.  The people said: there does not remain in this city except one masjid, which is with the Tijaaneeyah, which we cannot get to!

I SAID: ‘WHY NOT?’

They said: ‘They’re prejudiced, severely prejudiced.’

I said: ‘Let’s go to them and request permission, if they allow us to talk, we will convey the message and if they prevent us then we have an excuse in front of Allaah, it is not necessary that we face them with force and strength -BarakAllaahu Feekum..

So we went there and the imam led us in prayer.  After we finished it, I gave him Salaams and said to him, will you allow me to deliver a speech to these brothers?

He said: ‘go ahead.’

So I spoke, called to Allaah, to Tawheed, to Sunnah and to other matters of knowledge.  I criticized some of the mistakes which are present, points of misguidance until I reached to the hadeeth of ‘Aeysha –radhiAllaahu anha- which is mentioned by Bukhari and Muslim:

‘There are three things, whoever speaks with one of them then he has told a major lie against Allaah: whoever says: that Muhammad saw his Lord; then he has told a major lie against Allaah, whoever says: that Muhammad knows what will happen tomorrow; then he has told a major lie against Allaah’: and I mentioned the proofs for that – ‘and he who claims that Muhammad did not convey what was revealed to him; then he has told a major lie against Allaah.’[1]

Then the Imam stood up – he was annoyed and he said to me: ‘I swear by Allaah that indeed Muhammad saw his Lord with his own eyes!’

I said to him: JazakAllaahu khair.  As for ‘Aeysha – who is the most knowledgeable of the people about the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam –, she said: ‘whoever says: that Muhammad saw his Lord; then he has told a major lie against Allaah.’ If the Messenger of Allaah had seen his Lord he would have told her, but he did not tell her this.

Then he began to make a din and press me, I said to him: ‘O my brother wait until I finish my talk, then after that ask about whatever you want.  That which I know I can answer, that which I do not know, I’ll say to you Allaah knows best.’  I left him and continued speaking, I don’t know if he remained or left.  I don’t know, I didn’t turn around towards him. Then I heard a man saying:  ‘I swear that what this man is speaking the truth!’

Then I heard the same sentence again from somebody else and he added: ‘the man is saying: ‘Allaah said, the Messenger of Allaah said.’ -BarakAllaahu Feekum.

Then the Adhaan was called for the Isha prayer, so the talk ended.  The prayer was about to begin and the people began pushing me to lead them in prayer. So I said to them: ‘no way, I won’t lead you in prayer, the Imam will lead.’

They said: ‘we swear by Allaah you will lead the prayer, we swear by Allaah you will lead the prayer.’

I said: ‘OK’ and I led them in prayer.  After we finished I left with the youth ofAnsaar as-Sunnah and I asked them: ‘where did the Imam go?’ They said: ‘They evicted him.’ I said: ‘who evicted him?’ they said: ‘we swear by Allaah his congregation evicted him.’

THIS IS WHAT HAPPENED. – O BROTHERS –

So if a person comes and says that the Tijaaneeyah al-Marganiyaah are fools! They might slaughter him, not just evict him, but if you come to them with wisdom and gentleness -BarakAllaahu Feekum then Allaah will make them benefit by this.

Advice to the Salafiyyoon

O brothers, use beneficial knowledge and solid proof and beneficial wisdom in your Dawa’. You should have all the noble and beautiful manners encouraged by the Book and the Messenger of guidance; indeed they are causes for victory and causes for success.

You have to believe that the Companions did not spread Islaam or enter it into the hearts except with their wisdom and their knowledge more so than with their swords.  However, whoever enters into Islaam under the sword might not be firm, but whoever enters Islaam by way of knowledge, proof and evidence then this is what makes his Eemaan firm by Allaah’s permission and His assistance.

And it is upon you to have these good methods and also to be serious about knowledge.  You have to be serious about Dawa’ to Allaah.

Now – O brothers – I advise you with two issues:

Firstly: Brotherhood between all of Ahl -ul-Sunnah; So O you Salafees, disseminate the soul of love and brotherhood between yourselves.  Put into effect what the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – informed us of regarding the believers: ‘Like a building, some of its parts supporting others.’[2]

And that they are: ‘Like a single body if one limb complains then the rest of the body suffers with fever and insomnia.’[3]

This is how you should be O brothers: distance yourselves from the causes of splitting, I swear by Allaah indeed it is a dangerous evil and a disastrous disease.

Secondly: distance yourselves from the causes which lead to enmity, hatred, splitting up and dissension.

Keep away from these things; because this has become predominant nowadays at the hands of people, about whom only Allaah knows their condition and intent.  It has become predominant and has torn apart the youth in this country – whether in the university or other than it – or in the other parts of the Duniya.

Why?! Because those who are not from its people – neither in knowledge nor in understanding – entered into the arena of giving Dawa’ to Allaah.

It is possible that the enemies could have entered someone into the midst of the Salafeeyeen to tear them apart and split them up, and this issue is not unlikely, rather it can truly happen -BarakAllaahu Feekum.

Strive to have brotherhood.  If any dissension has occurred between you, then both parties should make themselves forget what is past and start with a clean slate now.

I say to the brothers: whoever falls short it is not allowed to debase him, nor destroy the one who is deficient.  Whoever makes a mistake amongst us we do not destroy him. -BarakAllaahu Feekum – but we cure him with gentleness, wisdom and face him with love and friendship and all the rest of the righteous manners, along with the correct Dawa’ until he repents.  And if there remains a weakness in him then we are not hasty with him, or otherwise, I swear by Allaah no one will remain, no one will remain!

There are some people now who chase after the Salafis so much so that they reached the scholars and called them those who water things down (Mumaya’een)!! There is hardly any scholar in the arena of Dawa’ today except that he has been falsely attacked with this claim about him!  Of course this is the way of the Ikhwaan al-Muslimeen and the way of Ahl-ul-Bida’ since, from the weapons of the Ahl ul-Bida’ is that they begin by overthrowing the scholars, rather it is the Jewish Masonic way: that if you wanted to discredit an idea, then discredit their scholars or their personalities.

So keep away from this rotten legacy and have respect for the scholars.

[1] Narrated by Bukhari (4855) & Muslim (177)

[2] Narrated by Bukhari (481) & by Muslim (2585) from the hadeeth of Abu Musa –radhiAllaahu anhu.

[3] Narrated by Bukhari (6011) & Muslim (2586) from the hadeeth of an-Nu’maan bin Basheer –radhiAllaahu anhu.

Part 6

The Intent of The Opponents

And I swear by Allaah; that those who make efforts in speech against me – or attack that which we are upon – do not do so except that the intended result is to bring down the Manhaj; so the one who dislikes this Manhaj speaks about its scholars.  He who hates this Manhaj and wants to bring it down follows this path, so that there are no obstacles for them: they follow way of the Jews and the way of the misguided groups from the Raawafidah and other than them.

The Raawafidah hate Islaam and they are not capable of speaking against Muhammad – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, so they speak against Abu Bakr and Umar and the scholars of the Ummah; they want to overthrow Islaam.  If the people of major Bida’ speak: then they don’t speak against Ahmad and Shafi’, but they speak against Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab and Ibn Taymeeyah and their likes; so that they can try to overthrow this Manhaj.

And now, we have people who have grown up amongst the ranks of theSalafeeyeen, I was not aware that they wanted to break up the leaders from amongst the scholars!

These people, what do they want? What do they want? If they intend Allaah and the Hereafter and intended to aid this Manhaj – they claim to love thisManhaj – but I swear by Allaah, if they really loved it they would have defended the scholars of this Manhaj.

So do not feel safe about your Deen with these people.  Do not regard them as trustworthy. BarakAllaahu Feekum – be completely careful of them, hold together firmly and have brotherhood amongst yourselves.

I know that you are not without blame, nor are the scholars without blame – we sometimes make mistakes with the exception of those who fall into Rafd or‘aatizal or Tajahum or fall into Hizbeeyah from the different parties which are present; then this person is the one to be abandoned.

As for the Salafi who has allegiance to the Salafeeyeen and loves the SalafiManhaj -BarakAllaahu Feekum– and dislikes the different groups, dislikes Bida’ and its people – amongst other aspects from the signs of the Salafi Manhaj – but then this Salafi becomes weak in other points, here we are gentle with this person we do not leave him but we advise him and we rescue him and we are patient with him and we try to cure him -BarakAllaahu Feekum.

If it were said: whoever makes a mistake is destroyed! Then according to this statement no-one remains! This is why you see these people, when they have finished dealing with the youth; they begin by overthrowing the scholars – this is the Manhaj of the Ikhwaan al-Muslimeen when they entered into many countries.  The first thing they started with was overthrowing the scholars and at the same time they defend Sayyid Qutb, Hasan al-Banna, Mawdudi and others from amongst Ahl –ul Bida’.  They overthrow the scholars of the Salafi Manhaj and they described the scholars as being agents and spies and scholars of the rulers……and many other accusations!

So what is their intent!?

Their intent is to overthrow the Salafi Manhaj and to establish falsehood and misguidance upon mutiny.   Those who now defame the scholars say that they themselves are the Salafiyoon yet, along with that, they criticize the scholars of the Salafiyyah!

What do they want? Do they want to raise the banner of Islaam!? And raise the banner of the Sunnah and the Manhaj as-Salafi?!

Never, never!  These are indications and proofs that they are blameworthy liars, no matter what they claim for themselves.

Final Counsel

So I advise you O brothers and I emphasize that you leave off splitting and that you should have brotherhood and mutual cooperation upon the truth. You should spread this Dawa’ between the students of the university and other than them in its correct and beautiful form, not in the distorted form which these people follow!

Present the Dawa’ as-Salafiyyah as I mentioned in a beautiful form with the words; ‘Allaah said, the Messenger of Allaah said, the Companions said, Shafi’ said, Ahmad said, Bukhari said, Muslim said’, also the scholars of Islaam whom they respect and revere, bring their attention to the speech of the scholars -BarakAllaahu Feekum this will aid you a great deal.

Of course, you will find some people who will be obstinate but not everyone is obstinate.  You will find most of the people accepting your Dawa’ whether it is here in the university or when you return to your countries. Use these methods which attract the people to the Book of Allaah and to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam –, to the Manhaj of the Salaf as-Salih, to the correct beliefs and correct Manhaj.

I ask Allaah – Tabaraka  wa Ta’ala – that He gives us and you capability and success in that which He loves and is pleased with and that He makes us from the sincere callers and practising scholars and keeps us and you away from the plots ofShaytaan, also from the plots of the Shayateen from Jinn and mankind.

I ask Him – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – that He puts love between your hearts and gathers you upon the truth, that you are beneficial wherever you reside and wherever you travel and go to, and I ask Allaah to make that a reality.

All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace and blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, his Family, his Companions and all those who follow his guidance.

The Keys to the Success – Imam Ibn al Qayyim

By Shaykh ul –Islaam Ibn Qayyim aj-Jawzeeyah as-Salafi -Rahimullaah-
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Shamsuddeen Muhammad bin Abee Bakr Ibn Qayyim aj-Jawzeeyah (d.751) -Rahimullaah- said:

Bukhari mentions in his ‘Saheeh’ from Wahab bin Munnabih that it was said to him: ‘Is not ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ the key to Paradise?’

He said: ‘Of course, however there is no key except that it has teeth, so if a key is brought which has teeth then it will be opened, otherwise it will not open.’

Ibn Qayyim continues:

Allaah Subhanahu has placed keys for everything that is necessary, and they open the way, so Allaah made purification the key for prayer, as the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘The key to prayer is purification.’ [Saheeh al-Jamia as-Sagheer No.5885] .

Like wise

Ihram is the key to Hajj,

Truthfulness is the key to righteousness,

Tawheed is the key to Paradise,

Asking good questions and being attentive is the key to knowledge,

Patience is the key to victory and triumph,

Gratitude is the key to increase of provision,

Remembrance of Allaah is the key to having loyalty to Allaah and His love,

Taqwa (piety) is the key to success,

Fervent desire and dread of Allaah is the key to being successful,

Dua’ (Supplicating) is the key to being responded to,

Zuhd (Abstaining from the luxuries of the world) is the key to desiring the Hereafter,

Reflecting about that which Allaah calls His slaves to is the key to Eemaan (having faith),

Making the heart accept Islaam and making it secure for Allaah and having sincerity for Him by having love and hate and fulfilling His commands and leaving the prohibitions is the key to going in front of Allaah,

Pondering upon the Qur’aan, and imploring Allaah before dawn and not sinning is the key to giving the heart life,

Being kind to the worshippers of the Creator and striving to benefit His worshippers is the key to obtaining mercy,

Striving to seek forgiveness from Allaah and Taqwa (piety) is the key to Rizq (provisions),

Obedience to Allaah and His Messenger is the key to honour,

Longing for the Hereafter is the key to being prepared for the Hereafter,

Fervent desire for Allaah and the Hereafter is the key to all goodness,

Love for the world, continuously longing for it and turning away from the Hereafter is the key to all evil.

This is a great matter from the most beneficial chapters of knowledge, namely knowing the keys to goodness and evil.’

[Taken from: ‘Haadi al-Arwaaha ila Bilaad al-Afraaha’ by Ibn Qayyim vol 1 p.139]

The Intention for the Prayer – Shaykh Al-Albaani

The Intention for the Prayer
Taken from the  ‘Original Sifat as-Salah’By Shaykh Muhadith Muhammad Nasir- Deen Al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

At-Takbeer
Then the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – used to begin the prayer by saying: ‘Allaahu Akbar.’
__________________________________
In this is an indication that the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – never used to say anything before the Takbeer, like pronouncing the Niyyah (intention).

Like some people say: ‘I have intended to pray for Allaah Ta’ala so many Rakat facing the Qiblah……..’ to the end of what is well-known amongst many of the people! All of that is Bida’; it has no foundation in the Sunnah.  This is something which the scholars are in agreement about.

It was not narrated on anyone of the Companions, nor did one of the Tabieen regard it as appropriate. Nor did any of the four Mujtahid Imaams.  But rather it was mentioned by some of the companions of Imaam Shafi’ee, when he said about the Hajj:

‘It is not necessary for the one who enters into the state of Ihraam and makes his intention with his heart, that he mentions it with his tongue.  Not like the prayer which is not correct except by an utterance.’

Ar-Raafi’ee said in ‘Sharh al-Wajeez’ (3/263):

‘The majority – i.e. From the scholars of the Shafi’eeyah – said: that Imaam Shafi’ee – may Allaah have mercy on him- did not intend by his statement the pronunciation of the intention with an utterance, rather he intended pronouncing the Takbeer; since the prayer is begun by this, and in the Hajj a person can become Muhrim without pronouncing the intention.’ It is similarly mentioned in ‘al-Majmoo’ 3/276-277

Indeed he has indicated this in ‘al-Muhadhib’ by saying: ‘And from amongst our companions there are those who say: Make an intention with the heart, and an utterance with the tongue. This is nothing since the Niyyah is the intent with the heart.’

‘Allaama Shaykh muwafiq ad-Deen Ibn Qudamaah al-Maqdasee said in his book ‘Dhum al-Moowasweseen’ p.7:

‘Know, may Allaah have mercy on you, that the Niyyah is the intent and decision to do an action and its place is the heart.  It has no connection with the tongue.

It has not been narrated on the authority of the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – nor his Companions that they uttered the Niyyah in any situation.

These types of worship are ones which have been innovated at the beginning of purification and prayer, are not derived from the principles of worship.

So, the Niyyah is the intent of performing an action. Therefore, everyone who is decided on performing an action, then he has an intention.  And everyone who aims to perform an action, then he has an intention.  It is inconceivable to separate the intent from the Niyyah, because that is its true nature. So, the absence of the Niyyah is inconceivable when it is present.

Therefore, the one who sits to perform Wudu, then he has indeed intended to perform Wudu.  The one who stands to pray, then he has indeed intended the prayer.  An intelligent person will not perform an action from his worship or any other action without an intention (Niyyah).  So, the Niyyah is a matter which is inherent in actions which a person intends, and the Niyyah is not something that needs to tire a person out, nor does he need to acquire it since it is inherent.’ summarised.

So, if you know that it was not from the guidance of the Salaf as-Salih to pronounce the Niyyah; then it is obligatory upon you to follow them; since they are the example:
All good is in following the Salaf
And all evil is in the innovating of the Khalaf

Taken from the Original Sifat as-Salah vol 1 p.175-176

‘I am a Sunni and I am not a Salafi.’ – By Shaykh Salih as-Suhaymee

Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

The question:

When this person begins Ruqiyah (reciting Qur’aan upon a person as a form of treatment)  he says: ‘I am a Sunni and I am not a Salafi.’

The Shaykh Answered:

‘As for the saying: ‘I am a Sunni and I am not a Salafi.’ Then this statement is contradictory!

The Sunni – O you Miskeen (impoverished person), is the Salafi, and the Salafi is the Sunni. Whoever distinguishes between the two then he has distinguished between two things which resemble each other; so the Salaf are the Ahl-ul-Sunnah and the Salafeeyoon are the followers of the Sunnah, and whoever absolves himself from that then he is not a Sunni nor a Salafi!

Just because some of the people claim Salafeeyah and they do not actually exemplify it, then this does not allow you to free yourself from Salafeeyah, rather it is obligatory upon you to honour yourself by ascribing yourself to the Salaf and to the Manhaj of the Salaf, since indeed ascription to that is obligatory.

Ahl-ul-Sunnah, the Salaf, the followers of the Salaf, the Firqat an-Najjeeyah, the Taifat-ul-Mansoorah, the Jamaa’ah, the Salafi and the Sunni, all of these mean one title: and they are the Jamaa’ah, and they are similar to those whom were upon what the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and his Companions were upon.

So be a serious Salafi – be a serious Salafi, just like the Salaf used to say – a Salafi ascribing to the Manhaj of the Salaf in sayings, actions and belief.

And I believe that whoever brags with this type of talk (‘I am a Sunni and I am not a Salafi.’) is very far from the Manhaj of the Sunni which is the Manhaj of the Salaf.

May Allaah give everyone the capability to obtain beneficial knowledge and righteous actions. May Allaah send prayers, peace and blessings upon our Prophet Muhammad, his Family and all his Companions.’

[Taken from the Shaykh’s lesson from the ‘Explanation of ‘an-Nasihah al-Waladeeyah liAbee al-Waleed al-Bajee Rahimullaah-’ end of tape one.]


Video Courtesy: adamibnzuber

Consequences of Sins of a Believer are Repelled with Ten Means – Ibn Taymiyyah

Repelling the consequences of sinning

Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

 Shaykh ul-Islaam Ahmad bin AbdulHaleem Ibn Taymeeyah (d.728 A.H.) -Rahimullaah- said:

‘It has been established in the ‘Saheeh’ of al-Bukhari from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- that he said:

‘Indeed one’s actions are judged by his final actions.’

Therefore, if the believer commits evil than its consequences are repelled from him with ten means:

  1. That he repents, by which Allaah turns to him, since indeed the one who repents from a sin is like the one who has no sin at all.
  2. Or that the person seeks forgiveness from Allaah and Allaah forgives him.
  3. Or he does good actions to wipe out that sin, since indeed good deeds take away evil deeds.
  4. Or that his believing brothers supplicate for him and seek forgiveness for him, whether he is alive or deceased.
  5. Or relay to him the reward of his actions, those with which Allaah benefits him by.
  6. Or that his Prophet Muhammad intercedes for him.
  7. Or Allaah trials him in the Dunya with problems and difficulties expiate his sins.
  8. Or Allaah trials him in al-Barzakh (the stage after death until the Day of Judgment) with Fitnah and being squeezed in the grave, which expiate his sins.
  9. Or Allah trials him with events of al-Qayyama (Resurrection) due to the horror at that time, which expiate his sins.
  10. Or The Most Merciful [Allaah] of those who show mercy has mercy upon him.

[From: ‘at-Tuhfah al-Iraqiyeeh min ‘Amal al-Quloob’ by Ibn Taymeeyah P.366-367]

Source : http://followingthesunnah.wordpress.com

‘And Live With Them in Kindness’

‘And Live With Them in Kindness’

Compiled and Translated By Abbas Abu Yahya

1 -Allaah Ta’ala said:

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا لِّتَسْكُنُوا إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُم مَّوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً

<< And of His signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquility[1] in them; and He placed between you affection and mercy[2]. >> [Room: 21]

2 -Allaah Ta’ala said:

وَعَاشِرُوهُنَّ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ

<< and live with them in kindness[3]>>[4] [Nisa: 19]

3 – From Abu Hurairah Radi Allaahu anhuthat Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

 دينار أنفقته في سبيل الله ، ودينار تصدقت به في رقبة ، ودينار تصدقت به على مسكين ، ودينار أنفقته على أهلك . أعظمها أجرا الذي أنفقته على أهلك

‘From the Dinar (money) that you spent in the path of Allaah, the Dinar that you spent in freeing a slave, the Dinar that you gave in charity to a needy person, and the Dinar you spent on your family, the one that is the greatest in reward is the one that you spent on your family.’[5]

4 – From Abu Hurairah Radi Allaahu anhuthat Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

إن أكمل المؤمنين إيماناً أحسنهم خُلقاً، وخياركم خياركم لنسائكم

‘The most complete of the Believers in their Eemaan are those who have the best manners[6], and the best of you[7] are those who are best to their women.’[8]

5 – From ‘Amr bin al-Ahwaas from the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam who said:

أَلاَ إِنَّ لَكُمْ عَلَى نِسَائِكُمْ حَقًّا وَلِنِسَائِكُمْ عَلَيْكُمْ حَقًّا

‘Indeed you have rights upon your women and they have rights upon you.’[9]

6 – From Abu Hurairah Radi Allaahu anhuwho said that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‫لا يَفْرَكْ مُؤْمِنٌ مُؤْمِنَةً إِنْ كَرِهَ مِنْهَا خُلُقًا رَضِيَ مِنْهَا آخَرَ

 ‘A believing man should not hate a believing woman, if he dislikes a mannerism of hers, he will be pleased with another mannerism.’[10]

7 – From Abdullaah bin Zamah Radi Allaahu anhu that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

يعمد أحدكم فيجلد امرأته جلد العبد فلعله يضاجعها من أخر يومه

‘None of you should lash your wife[11] like the lashing of a slave, and then perhaps at night he has intercourse with her.’[12]

8 – From Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas Radi Allaahu anhu that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

إِنَّكَ لَنْ تُنْفِقَ نَفَقَةً تَبْتَغِي بِهَا وَجْهَ اللَّهِ إِلا أُجِرْتَ عَلَيْهَا ، حَتَّى فِي اللُّقْمَةِ تَرْفَعُهَا إِلَى فِي امْرَأَتِكَ

‘Indeed you do not spend some wealth desiring the Face of Allaah except that you are rewarded for it, even for the food you place in your wife’s mouth.’[13]

9 –  ‘Aeysha Radi Allaahu anha said:

ما ضرب صلى الله عليه وسلم بيده خادما قط و لا امرأة

‘The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam never ever hit[14] a servant, or a woman.’[15]

10 – Ibn Abbas Radi Allaahu anhu said:

‘Indeed I love to beautify myself for my wife just like I love that she beautifies herself for me.’[16]

11 – From Abdullaah bin ‘Amr Radi Allaahu anhu the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

كفى بالمرء إثماً أن يضيع من يقوت

‘It is sufficient as a sin upon a man that he does not take responsibility over those he is responsible for.’[17]

12- From Ibn Umar Radi Allaahu anhu the Messenger of Allaah said:

إن أعظم الذنوب عند الله رجل تزوج امرأة فلما قضى حاجته منها طلقها وذهب بمهرها ، ورجل استعمل رجلا فذهب بأجرته ، وآخر يقتل دابة عبثا

 ‘Indeed the greatest of sins to Allaah are that a man marries a woman and when he has satisfied his need from her, he divorces her and goes off with her dowry.  And that a man employs another man and goes off with his salary and that a person kills his riding animal frivolously.’[18]

13- From Mu’aweeyah bin Haydah Radi Allaahu anhu who said:

‘I asked the Messenger of Allaah what is the right that the wife has upon one of us?

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

أن تطعمها إذا طعمت وتكسوها إذا اكتسيت ولا تضرب الوجه ولا تقبح ولا تهجر إلا في البيت

‘That you feed her when you eat, and clothe her when you clothe yourself,[19] and do not hit her on her face and do not say may Allaah deface you,[20] and do not keep away from her except in the home[21].’[22]

In another wording from Bahz Hakeem from his father, with the wording: He said: ‘I had said: O Prophet of Allaah, regarding our wives, what should we do and what should we be cautioned from?’

The Messenger said:

حرثك ، إئت حرثك أنى شئت غير أن لا تضرب الوجه ، ولا تقبح ، ولا تهجر إلا في البيت ، وأطعم إذا طعمت ، واكس إذا اكتسيت ، كيف وقد أفضى بعضكم إلى بعض ، ( بما حل عليه)

‘She is your tilth, come to your tilth as you please, except that you do not strike her face, nor say may Allaah make you ugly, nor keep away from her except in the house, and feed her when you eat, and clothe her when you clothe yourself, and how can you not since you have gone in unto each other, except with what she has been made permissible for you.’[23]

13- From al-Miqdam bin Ma’dee Karib al-Kindi that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam stood amongst the people and praised Allaah and exalted Him and said:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُوصِيكُمْ بِالنِّسَاءِ خَيْرًا، إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُوصِيكُمْ بِالنِّسَاءِ خَيْرًا، فَإِنَّهُنَّ أُمَّهَاتُكُمْ وَبَنَاتُكُمْ وَخَالاتُكُمْ، إِنَّ الرَّجُلَ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ يَتَزَوَّجُ الْمَرْأَةَ وَمَا تُعَلِّقُ يَدَاهَا الْخَيْطَ، فَمَا يَرْغَبُ وَاحِدٌ مِنْهُمَا عَنْ صَاحِبِهِ حَتَّى يَمُوتَا هَرَمًا

‘Indeed Allaah advices[24] you in the strongest possible terms to be good to women, indeed Allaah advices you in the strongest possible terms to be good to women, advices you in the strongest possible terms with regards to women, indeed they are your mothers, your daughters, your sisters, your paternal aunts (father’s sisters) and your maternal aunts (mother’s sisters).  Indeed a man from the people of the two books (Jews & Christians) marries a woman and does not hit her, each one of them continues to desire his companion until he dies in old age.’

Abu Salmah said I narrated this hadeeth to al-Ala bin Sufyaan al-Ghassanee who said:

‘Indeed it has reached me that from the evil hidden sins which Allaah has made Haraam, which are not clearly mentioned in the Qur’aan, are that a man marries a woman and when his companion becomes old and she has stayed with him for a long time, and has produced all that her womb can, then he divorces her without any reason to do so.’[25]

14 – Shaykh AbdurRahman bin Nasr as-Sa’adi (d. 1376 A.H.) said:

‘Allaah Ta’ala said regarding dealings:

<< And do not forget liberality between yourselves. >> [Baqarah: 227]

Which means, make a place for excellence and Ihsaan in your dealings.  Do not take all your rights, rather make things easy and do not make them difficult, and be pardoning in buying and selling, in settling a debt and times of need.  And whoever necessitates upon himself this goodness achieves a lot of good and great good. And Allaah Knows best.’[26]


[1] Shaykh Rabee’ ibn Haadee al-Madkhali said: ‘This Ayaah confirmed the blessing of living together in tranquillity since Allaah placed love and mercy between the husband and wife. Verily this blessing of living together in tranquillity cannot be achieved except if it is in an atmosphere which is surrounded and fragranced by love and mercy.’

[Taken from: ‘al-Haqooq wal-Waajibat . . . . p.19]

[2] Shaykh AbdurRahman bin Nasr as-Sa’adi (d. 1376 A.H.) said:

‘From those signs that indicate Allaah’s Mercy and His concern for His slaves, and His great Wisdom and His all-Encompassing knowledge is << that He created for you from yourselves mates >> whom are suited to you and you are suited for them, and they are similar to you and you are similar to them.

<<that you may find tranquility in them; and He placed between you affection and mercy.>> with what results from marriage is a means that causes love and mercy, so a person receives enjoyment and pleasure from the wife and the benefit of the presence of offspring and educating them, and finds tranquility with them and generally you do not find amongst people the like of the love and mercy found between husband and wife.’

[‘Tayseer al-Kareem ar-Rahman fee Tafseer Kalam al-Mannan’ 6/p.97]

[3] Shaykh Muhammed bin Salih al-Uthaymeen (d.1421 A.H.) said:

‘Living with them: means companionship and dealings, so a person deals with her in a good way and likewise to have good companionship with her.’

[Sharh Riyadh as-Saliheen’ 3/114]

[4] al-Hafidh Emaad ad-Deen Isma’eel Ibn Katheer (d. 774 A.H.) -Rahimullaah-  said: ‘This means, speak to them in a good way and make your actions and your appearance  good as much as you can, just like you would love that from your partner, then you should deal with her as you would like to be dealt with, as Allaah Ta’ala said: << And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses, etc.) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect, etc.) to what is reasonable,>> and the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘and the best of you are those who are best to their women.’ And from the Messenger’s mannerisms was that he would live with his wives in a beautiful way, always smiling, being playful with his family and being gentle with them, and spending on them and making his women laugh.’ [Taken from: ‘Tafseer al-Qur’aan al-Atheem’ 1/608]

[5] Collected by Muslim

[6] Shaykh Albaani said: ‘Good manners: sacrificing to do good deeds, preventing harm and having a cheerful face.’

[Riyadh as-Saliheen p. 159]

[7]  Shaykh Uthaymeen said: ‘Regarding the saying of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘The best of you . . .’ This person is the best of the people, he is the best of them to his wife. So if you have any goodness, then make that goodness for the closest of the people to you, and make it so that your wife is the first to benefit from this good.

And this is the opposite of what some people do today, you find that he has bad manners with his wife, and has good behavior with other people, and this is a great mistake.

Your wife has the most right to good behavior, and having the best manners to them, because she is the one who is with you day and night, openly and secretly.  If you are afflicted with something she is afflicted along with you, and if your happy, she is happy along with you, if your sad, she is sad along with you, therefore you should make your dealings with her better than your dealings with strangers, so the best of the people are those who are best of them to their wives.

I ask Allaah to complete my Eemaan and that of the Muslims, and that he makes us the best of the slaves of Allaah to our wives and upon those who have a right upon us. [Taken from: ‘Explanation of Riyadh as-Saliheen’ 3/134]

[8] Albaani said in ‘Silsilah Saheehah’ no. 284, ‘it is from the hadeeth of Abu Hurairah Radi Allaahu anhucollected by Tirmidhi and Ahmad and the first part of the hadeeth is collected by Abu Dawood, Ibn Abee Shaybah in ‘al-Musannaf’, Abu Na’eem in ‘al-Hileeyah’ and Haakim and he said it is Saheeh upon the conditions of Muslim and Dhahabi agreed with him.’

[9] Collected by Tirmidhi, declared Hasan by Albaani No.1163

[10] Collected by Muslim

[11] Shaykh Uthaymeen said: ‘He lashes his wife like he lashes any other person as if there was no relationship between him and his wife, and as if she is a captive slave, helper to him.  This is not befitting because the relationship between a man and his wife is a special relationship, which must be built upon love, compassion, and keeping far away from evil, whether it is in speech or in action.

As for lashing her like lashing a slave, then at night to have intercourse with her, then how is it possible that you have intercourse with her at night with love, and then take pleasure and desire from her and you had lashed her like the lashing of a slave? !

This is a contradiction; this is why the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- rebuked this action. It is not befitting that this occurs from a human being, and the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- spoke the truth, indeed this does not befit an intelligent person more over a believer.’ [Taken from: ‘Sharh Riyadh as-Saliheen’ 3/119]

[12] Collected by Bukhari & Muslim

[13] Collected by Bukhari & Muslim

[14] Shaykh AbdulMuhsin al-Abbad al-Badr said about this hadeeth in his explanation of Sunnan Abi Dawood:

‘The compiler mentions the hadeeth of ‘Aeysha Radi Allaahu anha:

‘That the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam never ever hit a servant, or a woman.’

That was because of his noble manners, he was forgiving and he sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam would live with his wives in a good way. An incident of hitting a servant, from those servants who used to serve him, never occurred.  He sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam never hit any of his wives, rather he was gentle, merciful, forgiving and he sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam love and gentleness.  This indicates to his sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam perfect mannerisms, even though there perhaps may have occurred transgression and matters by which some servants warranted reprimanding, however the Prophet’s sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam character and his way was gentle, forgiving and pardoning in his matters.’

[15] Collected by Muslim

[16] Collected by al-Bayhaqi

[17] Collected by Ahmad, Nisa’ee, Hakim & Albaani declared it ‘Hasan Lighayrihi’ in ‘Saheeh Targheeb wa Tarheeb’ Vol.2 No.1965

[18] Collected by Hakim & al-Bayhaqi. Albaani said in ‘Silsilah Saheehah’ no. 999 and Saheeh al-Jamia’ 1567 [Hasan]

[19] Shaykh Uthaymeen said: regarding the saying of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-  ‘that you feed her when you eat, and clothe her when you clothe yourself,’ Which means, do not specify clothing yourself without taking a concern in clothing her, nor feeding yourself and not feeding her.  Rather she is your partner, it is obligatory to spend on her as you spend upon yourself, so much so that many of the scholars say: ‘If a man does not spend on his wife, and she requests a divorce from the judge, then it is upon the judge to cancel the marriage, due to the husband being deficient about her right which is obligatory for her.’ [Explanation of Riyad as-Saliheen 3/131]

[20] Shaykh Uthaymeen said: ‘Regarding the saying of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘do not call her ugly. . .’ It means do not say you are ugly, or say: may Allaah disfigure your face.  What is included in this prohibition of calling her ugly is the prohibition of claiming she is ugly whether it is tangible or (in meaning) intangible. So do not say: ‘You are from a unnoble tribe, or from an evil family etc.’ all of this is from claiming she is ugly which Allaah has prohibited.’ [Explanation of Riyad as-Saliheen 3/132]

Hafidh al-Mundhari said: ‘It means do not say disliked things to her, and do not curse her.’ [‘Saheeh Targheeb wa Tarheeb’ 2/p.411]

[21] Shaykh Albaani said: ‘Except if it is necessary, due to it being established when the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – made Hijrah (boycotted) from his wives due to a drink that he took outside the home’

[Riyad as-Saliheen p.159]

[22] Collected by Ahmad, Ibn Hibban al-Albaani ‘Saheeh Targheeb wa Tarheeb’ No.1929 & he declared it to be Saheeh.

[23] Collected by Ahmad, Abu Dawood & Albaani declared the Sanad to be Hasan in ‘Irwaa al-Ghaleel’ 7/p.98

[24] In the explanation of the word Waseeyah: ‘and I strongly advise you to be good to women’ which means: accept my advice regarding women, and act upon it, be patient with them, be gentle with them and be good to them.’

[Taken from: ‘al-Mufhim lima Ashkal min Talkhees Kitab Muslim’ by Umar bin Ibraheem al-Qurtoobi]

[25] Collected by Ibn ‘Aasakir in ‘Tareekh Dimishq’ from Yahya bin Jabir.

[26] ‘Bahtaja al-Qaloob al-Abraar wa Qarat Ayoon al-Akhbar’- No. 61 p.120

Only Allaah Can Remove Harm – Shaykh AbdurRahman bin Nasr as-Sa’adi

وَإِن يَمۡسَسۡكَ ٱللَّهُ بِضُرّٖ فَلَا كَاشِفَ لَهُۥٓ إِلَّا هُوَۖ وَإِن يُرِدۡكَ بِخَيۡرٖ فَلَا رَآدَّ لِفَضۡلِهِۦۚ يُصِيبُ بِهِۦ مَن يَشَآءُ مِنۡ عِبَادِهِۦۚ وَهُوَ ٱلۡغَفُورُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ ١٠٧

<<And if Allah should touch you with adversity, there is none who can remove it except Allah; and if He intends for you good, then there is no repeller of His bounty. He causes it to reach whom He wills of His servants. And He is the Forgiving, the Merciful>>
[Yunus: 107]

  by Shaykh  AbdurRahman bin Nasr as-Sa’adi
Translated by Umm Yahya

This is one of the greatest proofs that Allaah alone is worthy of worship, for verily He is the One who grants benefit or harm, the One who provides and the One who prevents.

If any harm such as poverty and sickness etc. befalls you << there is none who can remove it except Allaah >>. This is because if all (those from) the creation gathered together in order to bring forth any type of benefit they would be unable to do so unless Allaah wrote it for them (thus allowing it). Likewise if (those from) the creation of Allaah gathered in order to cause harm to anyone, they would be unable to do so unless Allaah allowed it.

 This is why Allaah says: <<and if He intends for you good, then there is no repeller of His bounty. >> meaning, that it is not possible for any of Allaah’s creation to reject His Good and His Kindness, as Allaah says: << Whatever Allah grants people of His mercy – none can withhold it; and whatever He withholds – none can release it thereafter>> [Fatir: 2]

 << He causes it to reach whom He wills of His servants. >> meaning Allaah selects whomsoever He wills with His Mercy from His creation, verily Allah possesses all Excellence and Greatness.

 <<He is the Most Forgiving>> of all the mistakes of the creation, He grants His slave success through the means of His forgiveness, consequently if a slave sins Allah forgives his sins regardless of whether they are major sins or minor sins. He is Ar-Raheem (the Merciful), thus His Mercy encompasses all that exists, hence it is not possible to exist without His goodness even for the (time of) a blink of an eye.

Therefore a slave of Allaah becomes aware of the clear evidence that illustrates that Allaah exclusively is the One who bestows blessings in addition to clearing afflictions and granting good and removing evils and hardships.

There is none from the creation who possesses an iota of this ability to unless it is by Allaah’s permission. Therefore this knowledge obligates upon us an awareness of the reality that Allaah Alone is the Truth and what others call to other than him is merely falsehood.

[From: Tayseer al-Kareem ar-Rahman fee Tafseer Klam al-Manan 3/224]

From the Secrets of Fatiha and What it Contains – Ibn Qayyim aj-Jawzeeya

From the Secrets of Fatiha and What it Contains
By Shaykh ul –Islaam Ibn Qayyim aj-Jawzeeyah as-Salafi  -Rahimullaah-
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

 Shamsuddeen Muhammad bin Abee Bakr Ibn Qayyim aj-Jawzeeyah (d.751 A.H.) -Rahimullaah- said:

 Two Strengths

‘The human being has two strengths:

  1. The strength of researched knowledge.
  2. And the strength of practical firm determination of actions.

 A human’s complete happiness is dependent upon the perfection and completion of the two strengths of knowledge and firm determination of actions.

As for the perfection and completion of the strength of knowledge, then this is achieved

  1. by knowing his Creator and his Originator,
  2. knowing His Names and Attributes;
  3. by knowing the path which leads to Him, and
  4. by knowing what causes weakness in following that path, and
  5. by knowing himself and his shortcomings and mistakes.

Having awareness of these five points, leads the human to achieve perfection in the strength of knowledge. The most knowledgeable of the people are those who know and understand these points the most.

 As for the perfection and completion of the strength of practical firm determination of actions, this can only be achieved by complying with the rights of Allaah -Subhanahu- which He has over the slave, and the slave fulfills them with Ikhlaas (sincerity), truthfulness, faithfully, being righteous and by following and testifying to Allaah’s favours upon the slave of Allaah.

The slave has shortcomings in fulfilling Allaah’s rights, and so is ashamed to face Allaah with what (little) he has from servitude to Him. The slave knows that his servitude to Allaah is less than that which Allaah is worthy of, in fact it is even less and lesser than that.  There is no way for him to perfect these two strengths except with Allaah’s help.  Allaah guides him to the straight path to which He guided, His ‘Aawliyaa and those who are close to Him. Allaah averts him from going off the path (Siraat), through either becoming corrupted in his strength of knowledge, and he falls into misguidance, or from his strength of actions, which obligates anger upon him.

 The Principles of Guidance in Sooratul – Fatiha

The complete happiness of a human cannot be achieved except with a combination of these matters, and they are included in Sooratul Fatiha and these matters are arranged in the best way, so the saying of Allaah Ta’ala: <<All praise belongs to Allaah, the Lord of all the worlds * The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.  * The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)>> comprises the first principle, which is knowing about Allaah and His Names, His Attributes and His Actions.

The Names mentioned in this Soorah are the principle names of Allaah’s Beautiful Names, which are; the Name ‘Allaah’, ‘ar-Rabb’ (The Lord) and ‘ar-Rahmaan’ (The Most Merciful).

  • The Name ‘Allaah’ comprises the attributes of al-Ulooheeya (worship).
  • The Name ‘ar-Rabb’ comprises the attributes of Roobubeeyah.
  • The Name ‘ar-Rahman’ comprises the attributes of Beneficence, generosity and Kindness.

The meanings of the Names of Allaah revolve around this.

As for Allaah’s saying:

<<You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything)>> : This is knowing the path leading to Allaah, which is none other than worshipping Him Alone with what Allaah loves and is pleased with, and seeking aid from Him whilst worshipping Him.

As for His saying: <<Guide us to the Straight Way >> this comprises the explanation that the slave of Allaah has no way to his own happiness except by Isteeqamah (being upright) on the Siraat al-Mustaqeem (the straight path).  There is no path for him to Isteeqamah except by Allaah’s guidance, just as there is no way for him to Allaah’s worship except by Allaah’s aid, in the same way there is no path for him to Isteeqamah upon the correct way except by Allaah’s guidance.

As for Allaah’s saying: << not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger, nor of those who went astray>> this contains the two extremities of deviancy from the straight path.  Deviating to one of these sides leads to misguidance, which is the corruption of knowledge and belief deviating to the other side, to Allaah’s anger which is due to corruption of the intention and action.

The first part of the Soorah is mercy, the middle is guidance and last part is blessings.

 The Slave of Allaah is between Blessings and Guidance

The portion of blessings a slave of Allaah has is related to the amount of guidance he has.

The proportion of guidance for a slave of Allaah is related to the portion of Mercy. So, the whole matter returns back to Allaah’s Blessings and His Mercy.

Blessing and Mercy are from those things which necessitate Allaah’s Roobubeeyah (Lordship). Indeed Allaah is The Merciful and The Giver of blessings and these are from the obligations of His Ilaheeyaeehi (being the One worthy of worship), so He is the deity in Truth, even if the rejecters deny it, and the Mushrikeen associate partners with Him.

Whoever puts into effect the meanings of Fatiha with knowledge and understanding, practically and immediately; then he will have been successful in his perfecting [knowledge and action] in the best way. Then his worship of Allaah becomes a distinct worship by which his grade is raised above that of the general worshippers.

Wa Allaahul Must’aan.’

 [Taken From his book ‘Al-Fawaid’ p.115-118]

The Status Of Knowledge Pertaining To The Names And Attributes Of Allah Sub’hanahu Wa Ta’ala

The Excellence of the Knowledge of ‘Asmaa of Allaah and His Sifaat

Taken from ‘Fiqh of al-‘Asmaa al-Husna’, By Shaykh AbdurRazaaq bin AbdulMuhsin al-Badr

Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Shamsuddeen Muhammad bin Abee Bakr Ibn Qayyim aj-Jawzeeyah (d.751) -Rahimullaahsaid:
‘Indeed the Da’wah of the Messengers revolves around three principles:

The first principle: Knowing your Lord, the One being called to by His Names, Sifaat and His Actions.

The second principle: Knowing the path which will lead to Him and that is His remembrance, being thankful to Him and His worship which is made up of complete love for Him and complete humility for Him.

The third principle: Knowing what they will receive after reaching Him from the blessings of being in the land of His Generosity (Paradise) of which the best and the most magnificent thing will be Allaah being pleased with them and His honouring them and them seeing His Face the most High, and Allaah’s Salaam upon them and Him talking to them.’

[Taken from ‘Fiqh of al-‘Asmaa al-Husna’ p.11]

Internet Source for the above:

The Excellence of the Knowledge of ‘Asmaa of Allaah and His Sifaat

The Status of Having Knowledge of ‘Asmaa Allaah and His Sifaat – Shaykh AbdurRazaaq al-Badr

Taken from ‘Fiqh of al-‘Asmaa al-Husna
By Shaykh AbdurRazaaq bin AbdulMuhsin al-Badr
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya
Shaykh AbdurRazaaq bin AbdulMuhsin al-Badr said:

‘There are many Ayaat which come in the Qur’aan with the command to learn this noble knowledge of Tawheed and to have a concern with this great principle.

Allaah said: << فَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ عَزِيزٌ حَكِيمٌ  >>

<< then know that Allaah is All-Mighty, All-Wise. >> [al-Baqarah: 209]

Allaah said: << وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ>>

<<and know that Allaah is All-Aware of everything.>> [al-Baqarah: 231]

Allaah said: << وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ بَصِيرٌ>>

<< know that Allaah is All-Seer of what you do.>> [al-Baqarah: 233]

Allaah said: << وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ حَلِيمٌ>

<<And know that Allaah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Forbearing.>> [al-Baqarah: 235]

Allaah said: << وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ>>

<< and know that Allaah is All-Hearer, All-Knower.>> [al-Baqarah: 244]

Allaah said: << وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ حَمِيدٌ >>

<< And know that Allaah is Rich (Free of all wants), and Worthy of all praise.>> [al-Baqarah: 267]

Allaah said: << اعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ وَأَنَّ اللَّهَ غَفُورٌ رَحِيمٌ >>

<<Know that Allaah is Severe in punishment and that Allaah is Oft­-Forgiving, Most Merciful.>> [al-Maidah: 98]

Allaah said: << فَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ مَوْلَاكُمْ نِعْمَ الْمَوْلَى وَنِعْمَ النَّصِيرُ >>

<<then know that Allaah is your Maulâ (Patron, Lord, Protector and Supporter, etc.), (what) an Excellent Maulâ, and (what) an Excellent Helper!>> [Anfal: 40]

Allaah said: << وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَ الْمُتَّقِينَ >>

<<and know that Allaah is with Al-Muttaqeen.>> [al-Baqarah: 194]

Allaah said: << وَاعْلَمُوا أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَعْلَمُ مَا فِي أَنْفُسِكُمْ فَاحْذَرُوهُ >>

<<And know that Allaah knows what is in your minds, so fear Him. >> [al-Baqarah: 235]

Allaah said: << فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ  >>

<<So know that Lâ ilâha ill-Allâh (none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah)>> [Muhammad: 19]

There are nearly thirty Ayaat with these meanings.

As for the mention of Allaah, regarding His ‘Asmaa and His Sifaat in the Qur’aan then there are many. There cannot be a comparison of His mentioning about His ‘Asmaa and Sifaat with any other topic, since His ‘Asmaa and Sifaat are the greatest thing mentioned in the Qur’aan and the best thing and the most exalted.

Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah (d.728) -Rahimullaah- said:

‘The Qur’aan has more of a mention of the Names of Allaah and His Sifaat and His Actions, than the mention of food, drink and marriage in Paradise.

The Ayaat which include the mention of the Names of Allaah and His Sifaat are greater in amount than the Ayaat of the Day of Judgement.

That is why the greatest Ayaah in the Qur’aan is the Ayaat-ul-Kursi which consists of the Names and Sifaat of Allaah.  As is established in the authentic hadeeth which is narrated by Muslim from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam– that he said to Ubayy bin Ka’ab:

‘Do you know which Ayah in the Book of Allaah is the greatest?’

He answered: << اللَّهُ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ    >>

<<Allaah! Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever Living >> [al-Baqarah: 255]

The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- patted him on his chest with his hand and said: ‘Knowledge congratulates you Abu al-Mundhir.’

And the best Soorah is the Soorah Umm al-Qur’aan (Al-Faatihah), as is established in the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed bin al-Mu’ala in Bukhari. [This wording is by Imaam Ahmad in ‘Musnad’ with an authentic chain]

The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

In this Soorah there is a greater mention of the Names of Allaah and His Sifaat than the mention of the Last Day.

It is established in the Saheeh of Bukhari from the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- from more than one narration that Soorah Al-Ikhlaas << قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ  >> <<Say: ‘He is Allaah, (the) One. >>  is equivalent to a third of the Qur’aan, and it is established in the Saheeh of Bukhari that the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- gave good news to the one who used to read this Soorah when he said: Indeed I love this Soorah because it contains the Sifaat of ar-Rahman; so due to that Allaah loved this person.

So this hadeeth explains that Allaah loves the one who loves the remembrance of the Sifaat of Allaah Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala, and this matter is a detailed one.’

[Taken from ‘Fiqh of al-‘Asmaa al-Husna’ p.8-10]

The Supplication for When Things Become Difficult for a Person – Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah

The Supplication for When Things Become Difficult for a Person

2886 – From Anas that The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

اللّهُمَّ لا سَهْلَ إِلاّ ما جَعَلتَهُ سَهلاً، وَأَنْتَ تَجْعَلُ الْحَزَنَ إِذا شِئْتَ سَهْلاً

Allaahumma laa sahla ‘illaa ma ja’altahu sahlan, wa ‘Anta taj’alul-hazna ‘ithaa shi’ta sahlan

‘O Allaah there is nothing that is easy except that You made it easy, and You can make this difficulty easy if You so wish to’

Collected by Ibn Hibban in ‘Saheeh’, Ibn Sunni, and ad-Deeya in ‘al-Mukhtar’ and shaykh Albani declared it Saheeh upon the conditions of Muslim.

[Taken from ‘Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah’ vol.6 hadeeth nos. 2886 p.902]

By the Muhaddith, Shaykh, Allamaa’ Muhammad Nasir uddeen al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Knowledge is Goodness in this World – Imam Ibn al Qayyim

Sparkles from the Pearls Of knowledge –
Taken from ‘Miftah dar as-Sa’ada’(Key to the land of happiness) By Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Al-Hasan said regarding “the saying of Allaah Ta’aala << “Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good!” >> [ Baqarah: 201]

It is knowledge and worship.

And regard Allaah’s saying <<and in the Hereafter that which is good>> [ Baqarah : 201 ]

It is Paradise.”

This is from the best explanations of this Ayaah indeed the greatest of the goodness of this world, is beneficial knowledge and good actions.

Vol 1/102/397

Source : Sparkles from the Pearls of Knowledge – Ibn al Qayyim

The Obligation of Seeking Refuge from Four Things Before the Dua’ in Tashahud – Shaykh al-Albaani

Taken from the ‘Original Sifat as-Salah
By Shaykh Muhadith Nasir as-Sunnah ,Muhammad Nasir- Deen Al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

‘The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to say: ‘If one of you finishes from the [last] (1) Tashahud; then he should seek refuge (2) with Allaah from four things; [he says:
‘O Allaah I seek refuge with You] from the punishment of the Hell-Fire, and from the punishment of the grave, and from the Fitna of life and death, and from the evil of the Fitna (trials) of the Maseeh ad-Dajjal.’ [then he makes Dua’ for himself with that which appears apparent to him (3)] [He -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- would make Dua’ with it in Tashahud] (4) [He -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to teach it to his Companions Radi Allaahu anhum just as he would teach them a Soorah from the Qur’aan.](5)

_________________

Shaykh Albani’s footnotes:

(1) The benefit of this extra wording is the legislation of this ‘seeking refuge’ in the last Tashahud rather than the first Tashahud; this is in contrast to what Ibn Hazm said in ‘al-Muhalla’ (3/271) and Ibn Daqeeq al-Eid followed him in this, whereby he said: ‘The chosen way is to make Dua’ in the first Tashahud, like making Dua’ in the last Tashahud, due to the general authentic hadeeth:

‘If one of you makes Tashahud; then he should seek refuge with Allaah from …’

Al-Hafidh said in ‘al-Talkhees’ (3/507):

‘And he commented that it is in ‘as-Saheeh’ (al-Bukhari) from Abu Huriara with the wording:

‘If one of you finishes from the last Tashahud; then he should seek refuge with Allaah from …’

Ibn al-Qayyim said in ‘Za’ad’:

‘The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- did not seek refuge in the first Tashahud – from the punishment of the grave and punishment of the Fire …. Etc.

Whoever recommended saying it, (in the last Tashahud) had understood this standing from the general texts, but the absolute texts indeed correctly clarified its position, and restricted it to the last Tashahud.’

Then al-Hafidh said in ‘al-Fath’ (2/253) after bringing the hadeeth:

‘So in this hadeeth this ‘seeking refuge’ is specified to after finishing the Tashahud; and this Dua’ precedes all other Duas. As for when the person praying is given the permission to choose which Dua’ he wants to supplicate with, then this is after the ‘seeking refuge’ and before giving the Salams.’

I say (Albani): ‘And the extra wording is at the end of the hadeeth – ‘then he makes Dua’ for him-self with what he wants.’ And this is a text to show that seeking refuge is in the second Tashahud.’

(2) This shows clearly that seeking refuge is obligatory and some of the Ahl-ul-Dhahir hold this opinion – and from them is Ibn Hazm (3/271)).

Al-Hafidh said (2/256):

‘Some of the people claimed that there is a consensus that it is not obligatory, however there is a problem with this; because AbdurRazaq narrated with an authentic Isnaad from Tawwoos, indicating that he holds the ‘seeking refuge’ to be obligatory. This was when he asked his son; if he had said it after the Tashahud?

And his son replied: No.

Tawwoos ordered him to repeat the prayer.’

I say (Albani): Indeed Muslim narrated this in his ‘Saheeh’ (2/94) as it came from Tawwoos.

Al-Hafidh said:

‘Ibn Hazm was over generalizing when he said that you should also say it in the first Tashahud.

Ibn al-Mundhir said: if it was not for the hadeeth of Ibn Mas’ood whereby he narrated that: ‘then the person has a choice of what to make Dua’ with’ then I would have said it was obligatory.’

I say (Albani): This choice of making Dua’ excludes ‘seeking refuge from these four things’, so due to the evidence this choice of making Dua’ becomes restricted, to be said after finishing ‘seeking refuge from these four things’ – has as preceded – ; so the truth is that it is obligatory, and Allaah knows best.

(3) From the hadeeth of Abu Huraira -Radi Allaahu anhu- collected by Muslim, Abu ‘Awaanah, Ibn Majah and Ahmad.

(4) From the hadeeth of Abdullaah bin Abbas -Radi Allaahu anhu- collected by Abu Dawood and this sanad is Hasan, its narrators are all narrators of Muslim.

(5) From the hadeeth of Abdullaah bin Abbas -Radi Allaahu anhu- collected by Malik and Muslim, and from him Abu Dawood, Nisae’ and Tirmidhi.

[‘Original Sifat as-Salah’ vol. 3/p.998 – 1001]

Mahkmoom Heart and a Truthful Tongue – Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani

On the authority of Abdullaah bin ‘Amr who said: Someone asked :

O Messenger of Allaah! Who are the best of the people?’

He answered: ‘Everyone who has a mahkmoom heart and a truthful tongue.’

They asked: ‘We know what a truthful tongue is, but what is a mahkmoom heart?’

He said: ‘A pious, pure one, which has no sin in it nor is it oppressive, nor does it have hatred and jealousy.’

Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani – No.948

Source : Some Ahadeeth pertaining to Manners, Righteousness & Keeping Good Relations – 01 | 02 | 03 | 04 | 05 | 06| 07 | 08 – Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani – Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

When Does a Slave Know that a Trial is a Test or a Punishment? – Imam Ibn Baz

Taken From the Fatawaa of our Shaykh, Allaama Mufti of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Abdul Azeez bin Abdullaah Bin Baz. Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya [Taken from : binbaz.org.sa via Sahab.net]

Question:

If a person is put to trial with a sickness or an evil affliction physically or with his wealth, how does he know that this trial is a test or Anger from Allaah?

Answer:

Allaah Azza Wa Jal tests His slaves in prosperity and adversity, in hardship and ease. He sometimes tests them with these things to raise their grade and to enhance the status of those people and to double their good deeds. Like what Allaah did for the Prophets and Messengers – alayhim as-Salaat wa as-Salaam, as well as the righteous people from the worshippers of Allaah.

Like the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said: the most severely of the people to be trialed are the Prophets, then those who are next in grade, then the next.

Sometimes Allaah does this due to the sins and transgression of the people, so that the punishment can be hurried.

Like Allaah Subhanahu said:

<< And whatever of misfortune befalls you, it is because of what your hands have earned. And He pardons much. >>

So, what is general for humans is that they are deficient, and they do not observe all the obligatory duties. Therefore, what afflicts them is due to their sins and shortcomings with regard to Allaah’s commands.

For this reason, if someone from the righteous slaves of Allaah is afflicted with some disease or something similar, then this is from the type of trials for the Prophets and Messengers, raising of their grades and increase of reward, to be an example for others, in having patience and contentment.

So briefly, it could be a test to raise grades and to make the reward greater, like Allaah does for some of the righteous people. It could be expiation for evil deeds, as is mentioned in the saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

<< whosoever works evil, will have the recompense thereof >>

Also the saying of the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam –: A Muslim is not afflicted with distress, nor sorrow, nor disease nor hardship, nor sadness nor any harm except that Allaah expiates from his sins even by a thorn that pricks him.

The saying of the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – whom so ever Allaah intends good for, Allaah compels him with a trial. It could be that this is a punishment which has been hastened due to transgression by the slave and him not having hastened in repenting as is mentioned in the hadeeth of the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – that he said:

‘If Allaah intends good for His slave then He hastens his punishment in this world, and if Allaah prescribes evil for His slave, then Allaah holds back his sins until He recompenses them for him on the Day of Judgment.’

[ Narrated by Tirmidhi & he declared it hasan]

All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace and blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, his family, his Companions and all those who follow his guidance.

Saying Ameen in the Qunoot

Compiled & translated By Abbas Abu Yahya

In the Hadeeth from Ibn Abbas –RadhiAllaahu anhu- who said that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- made Qunoot for a month continuously in the Dhuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Isha and morning prayer and at the end of every prayer after he said ‘Sami Allaahu liman hamida’ in the last Rakat of that prayer, he would make Dua’ against the tribes of Bani Sulaym and those tribes of Dhakwaan and Usayatah who lived with Bani Sulaym, and those behind the Messenger would say Ameen.’

[Collected by Abu Daawood in his ‘Sunnan’ no. 1443 in ‘the chapter of al-Qunoot in the Prayer’ and Shaykh Albani declared the hadeeth to be Hasan and he brings a research for the hadeeth in ‘Irwaa al-Ghaleel’ (2/163)]

Ibn al-Mundhir said in ‘al-Awsat’ (5/216) that Imam Malik used to say:

The Imam should make Qunoot from the middle of Ramadan and curse the Kuffar and those behind him should say Ameen.’

[‘al-Mudouwanah’ (1/103]

Imam Ahmad said:

‘The Imam makes Dua’ and those behind him say Ameen’

[‘Mas’ail Ahmad li Abee Daawood p.67, Ishaaq also said this, as was mentioned by al-Marwaazi in ‘Qayam al-Layl’ 303]

Shaykh Uthaymeen said:

‘If we say that there is a Qunoot in the five daily prayers, then if the Qunoot is in a prayer that is read aloud, in this case it is known that the Qunoot is read out aloud, and if it is in a silent prayer then it is still read out aloud, as is established in the Sunnah: namely that the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to read the Qunoot and the people used to say Ameen behind him, and it would not have been possible to say Ameen except if he was reading it out aloud.

This establishes the fact that the Sunnah is to read the Qunoot aloud even if it is in the silent prayers.’

[‘Sharh al-Mumtaa’ (4/47)]

Me, Myself and I – Imam Ibn Al Qayyim (rahimahullaah)

Shaykh ul –Islaam Ibn Al Qayyim as-Salafi -Rahimullaah-
From his book ‘Za’ad al-Ma’aad’
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Ibn al-Qayyim said:

‘Every Muslim should be warned of the oppression of:  ‘I – My/Mine – I Possess’

Indeed these three words are what Iblees (Shaytan), Fir’awn and Qaroon were tried with.

  • Iblees said: ‘I am better than him’
  • Fir’awn said: ‘Is not mine the Kingdom of Egypt,’
  • Qaroon said: ‘This has been given to me only because of knowledge I possess.’

So regarding the saying of the Slave of Allaah ‘I’ – then the best that he can be described with is:

  • I am a slave who sins, makes mistakes, seeks forgiveness and recognizes this.

So regarding the saying of ‘My/Mine’ – and those statements similar to that is:

  • My sins, my crimes, my humbleness, my depravation and submissiveness.

So regarding the saying of ‘I Possess’:

  • Forgive me for my mistakes and what I do intentionally, in jest, or in seriousness and I possess all these shortcomings.

[Taken from ‘Za’ad al-Ma’aad’ 2/475 – By Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawzeeyah]