Verily, the (human) Self is inclined to Evil, except when my Lord bestows His Mercy – Imam as-Sa’di | Abbas Abu Yahya

Bismillaah

Chapter 7: The Soul Inclines Towards Evil

The saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

إِنَّ النَّفْسَ لَأَمَّارَةٌ بِالسُّوءِ إِلَّا مَا رَحِمَ رَبِّي

<< Verily, the (human) self is inclined to evil, except when my Lord bestows His Mercy (upon whom He wills). >> [Yusuf: 53]

This is evidence for the description of the essence of the soul – it does not leave this description of inclining towards evil except with Allaah’s mercy and concern from Him, because the soul is oppressive and ignorant. Nothing comes from oppression and ignorance except every evil. Therefore, if Allaah has mercy on His slave and blesses him with beneficial knowledge and makes him follow a path of justice in his manners and his actions, then his soul loses this description, finds tranquility in the obedience of Allaah and His remembrance and does not command its companion except to do good, and this leads to the grace of Allaah and His reward. Allaah Ta’ala said:

يَا أَيَّتُهَا النَّفْسُ الْمُطْمَئِنَّةُ  ارْجِعِي إِلَىٰ رَبِّكِ رَاضِيَةً مَّرْضِيَّةً  فَادْخُلِي فِي عِبَادِي  وَادْخُلِي جَنَّتِي

<<(It will be said to the pious): ‘O (you) the one in (complete) rest and satisfaction! ‘Come back to your Lord, Well-pleased (yourself) and well-pleasing unto Him! ‘Enter you, then, among My honoured slaves, “And enter you My Paradise!’>> [Fajr: 27-30]

Therefore, it is upon the slave of Allaah to work on himself to rectify his soul, and to take this despised characteristic out of it, which is that the soul inclines towards evil. This is done by striving and having the best of manners, asking Allaah to be continuous upon that and repeating the following narrated supplication plentifully:

O Allaah guide me to the best of actions and manners, no-one guides to the best of them except You, and turn me away from evil actions and evil manners no-one can turn me away from their evil except You.

[Collected by Muslim & Tirmidhi]

[PS: Arabic version of the above supplication is added below by AbdurRahman.Org for memorization of this important supplication]

اللَّهُمَّ اهْدِنِي لِأَحْسَنِ الْأَعْمَالِ وَأَحْسَنِ الْأَخْلَاقِ لَا يَهْدِي لِأَحْسَنِهَا إِلَّا أَنْتَ

وَقِنِي سَيِّئَ الْأَعْمَالِ وَسَيِّئَ الْأَخْلَاقِ لَا يَقِي سَيِّئَهَا إِلَّا أَنْتَ


Posted with Permission from the brother, May Allaah bless him, ameen

Visit the below Link to read/download the 81 Page free PDF eBook:
Benefits Derived from the Story of Yusuf
By the Shaykh ‘Allama AbdurRahman bin Nasr as-Sa’adi | Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya
https://followingthesunnah.com/2016/07/26/benefits-derived-from-the-story-of-yusuf/

Related Link: https://abdurrahman.org/translations/abbas-abu-yahya

Don’t think of a Muslim except good unless he displays something contrary – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 80 : Points 141
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

The blameless person is the one whose blamelessness is apparent and the dishonorable one is the one whose dishonor has become apparent

[Souncloud Audio Link

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharh as-Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

 

The blameless Muslim is the one from whom nothing suspicious becomes apparent – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 77 : Points 131
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

The blameless one from the Muslims is the one from whom nothing suspicious becomes apparent.

[Souncloud Audio Link

Allaah says:

“O you who believe, avoid much (types) of suspicion. Verily some (forms) of suspicion is a sin.” [Surah Al-Hujuraat: 12]

And Abu Hurairah (radhi Allaahu anhu) reported that Allaah’s Messenger (sall Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

Beware of suspicion, for indeed suspicion is the most untruthful form of speech.” [Saheeh – Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (10/484 of al-Fath) and Muslim (2563)]

The ahaadeeth with this same understanding I have mentioned here are many. What the backbiting of the heart means, is: When the heart has firm conviction and holds bad thoughts about someone. But as for the notions that occasionally display in one’s mind or when one talks to himself, then as long as these thoughts do not remain established and continuous in him, it is excused according to the consensus of the scholars. This is since he has no choice in the matter as to stop it from occurring nor can he find any way to liberate himself from it when it does occur. This is the understanding of what has been authentically established (in the texts).

[Sourcehttps://abdurrahman.org/2015/04/11/the-backbiting-of-the-heart-imaam-an-nawawee/]

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharh as-Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

Throwing dirt in the face of the one who praises you – Explained by Shaykh Sulaymaan Ar-Ruhaylee

http://mtws.posthaven.com/throwing-di…
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee حفظه الله

Video Courtesy: Bilal Nahim

It is Necessary for The Student Of Knowledge to Follow a Path Of Righteous Good Manners In Giving Dawa’ – Shaykh Rabee bin Haadee

An Excellent Example

And we have in the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – and in all the Prophets of Allaah a good example.  The Messenger was commanded to take those Prophets before him as an example and to follow their guidance and we have been commanded to follow the guidance of the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, and take him as an example:

<< Indeed in the Messenger of Allaah you have a good example to follow forhe who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allaah and the Last Day and remembers Allaah much. >> [al-Ahzab: 21]

This good example is complete in every matter which Muhammad – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam came with; so, he is an example in his Aqeedah, so we believe in that which he believed in; an example in his worship, so we worship Allaah making the religion sincerely for Him, following that which the noble Messenger –alayhis Sallat wa Sallam – came with.

He is an example in great manners which perhaps many of the callers to Allaah – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – and many of the youth have lost, much of it having been forgotten and some of the youth have forgotten it too.  Indeed Allaah has praised His Messenger – alayhis Sallat wa Sallam – with eloquent praise and He said:

<< And verily, you are on an exalted standard of character >> [Qalam: 4]

So the caller to Allaah, the student of knowledge, the instructor and the guide all need to take the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – as an example in their ‘Aqeedah, Manhaj and manners.  So if these matters are combined in the caller to Allaah or they are nearly complete then this Dawa’ will be successful – InshAllaah – and the caller to Allaah will have presented it in the most beautiful and best form -BarakAllaahu Feekum.

If the caller to Allaah is deficient in the matters of his Dawa’, being deficient in having noble manners-from which is having patience, wisdom, gentleness, softness and other things which are important, which the Dawa’ of the Messengers –alayhim Sallat wa Sallam- requires.  Then this is an apparent deficiency in his Dawa’.  So it is upon him to ensure he manifests those matters completely.

Perhaps many of the people are negligent of this! And this harms the Dawa’ of Salafiyyah and harms its people.  Since if these manners are neglected and theDawa’ is presented to the people in a way that they dislike and is made unpleasant and detestable by having harshness, severity and recklessness – and the likes of these things – then this is an obstacle to the Dawa’ and to it being accepted.  Since these matters are even disliked in the affairs of the Duniya let alone in the matters of the Deen.

So it is necessary for the student of knowledge to follow a path of righteous good manners in giving Dawa’.

Excerpted fromEncouragement to have Affection and Friendliness and Warning Against Splitting up and Differing – Shaykh Rabee bin Haadee al-Madkhalee, Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Adorn yourself with Good Manners with People in your Hajj & Other times – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio Benefit|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 4:47)

The above short clip has been extracted from the Lesson 2 of Book on Hajj (Tabseer an-Naasik fi Ahkaam al-Manaasik) – Shaykh Abdul-Muhsin al-Abbaad – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio|En]

Etiquettes with Allaah – Dr. Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Etiquettes with Allaah – part 01

Etiquettes with Allaah – part 02 

Some Ahadeeth pertaining to Manners, Righteousness & Keeping Good Relations – Shaykh Al-Albaani

Some Ahadeeth pertaining to Manners, Righteousness & Keeping Good Relations

Part 01 | Part 02 | Part 03 | Part 04 | Part 05 | Part 06 | Part 07 | Part 08

Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani

Serving From Your Right Hand Side – Shaykh al Albaani

Taken from ‘Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah’
By the Muhaddith, Shaykh, Allamaa’ Muhammad Nasir uddeen al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

No. 1771 – From Anas bin Malik that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- was brought some milk that was blended with water and on his right was a Bedouin and on his left was Abu Bakr, so he drank from it then he gave it to the Bedouin and said:

‘On the right on the right.’

And in another narration: ‘those on the right, those on the right, you should give it on the right hand side.’

No. 1771

[Collected by Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawood]

Shaykh Albaani said:

‘In this hadeeth, the one who was serving the drinks began with the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- because the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- was the one who requested a drink. Therefore, it is not correct to use this hadeeth as an evidence to prove that the Sunnah is to essentially begin with the eldest of the people as is widespread nowadays.

How can this be the case when the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- himself did not do this, on the contrary the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- gave the drink to the Bedouin who was on his right hand side and not to Abu Bakr who was on his left hand side, then the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- explained by saying: ‘On the right hand side then the next one after him.’

[Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth as-Saheehah by Shaykh al-Albaani (No.1771)]

The Excellence of the One Who has Mercy upon the People – Imam as-Sa’adi

Imam AbdurRahman bin Nasr as-Sa’adi
Translated By Abbas Abu Yahya

From Jareer bin Abdullaah Radi Allaahu anhu who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‫من لا يرحم الناس لا يرحمه الله

‘Whoever does not have mercy upon the people then Allaah does not have mercy upon him.’

Collected by Bukhari & Muslim

Shaykh AbdurRahman bin Nasr as-Sa’adi (d. 1376 A.H.) commented on this hadeeth saying:

‘The literal wording of the hadeeth indicates that the one who does not have mercy upon the people then Allaah does not have mercy upon him. The understanding of the hadeeth is that whoever has mercy upon the people, then Allaah has mercy upon him.

Just like the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said in another hadeeth:

‘الراحمون يرحمهم الرحمن. ارحموا من في الأرض؛ يرحمكم من في السماء

ar-Rahman (The Most Merciful) has mercy upon Merciful people. Have mercy upon those on the earth, and the One above the skies will have mercy upon you.’[1]

Therefore, the mercy a slave of Allaah has for the creation is from the greatest means by which the mercy of Allaah is acquired. From the effects of that mercy is goodness in the Dunyaa and goodness in the Hereafter. From the greatest means of Allaah’s mercy being blocked and prevented is if the slave of Allaah does not have mercy to the creation. The slave of Allaah is in great need and dire want of Allaah’s mercy, he cannot do without it for even the blink of an eye, and he cannot do without this mercy due to what it contains of blessings and repelling of punishment from the mercy of Allaah.

Consequently, when a person wants the mercy of Allaah to continue and increase, then he needs to implement all the means by which the mercy of Allaah is gained. All of these means are combined in the saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

إِنَّ رَحْمَتَ اللّهِ قَرِيبٌ مِّنَ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

<< Indeed, the mercy of Allah is near to the doers of good. >> [Ara’af: 56]

They are doers of good (al-Muhsinoon) in the worship of Allaah, and they are al-Muhsinoon to the worshippers of Allaah. The Ihsaan (being good) to the creation has an effect from the effects of the mercy that the slave of Allaah has with the creation.

There are two types of mercy that the slave of Allaah has:

The First type: Natural & innate mercy

Allaah has granted some of His slaves this mercy.  He placed compassion, mercy and sympathy in their hearts for the creation.  These slaves of Allaah carryout what they are capable of in benefitting the people and this is what this mercy necessitates and they do so according to their capabilities. They are praised, and rewarded for what they do, and they are excused for that in which they fall short on, and perhaps Allaah wrote a reward for them, due to their truthful intentions even though their strength was not enough to carry out those actions.

The Second type is the mercy that a slave of Allaah acquires by following every path and means in order to characterize his heart with this mercy. The slave of Allaah knows that this description is from the most noble and most complete of manners and behavior.  He strives to characterize himself with it, and he is aware of the reward that Allaah has prepared for being merciful, and what he loses, if he is prohibited from this reward.  He desires excellence from his Lord, and he strives with all the different means to acquire that excellence.

The slave of Allaah knows that the reward is equivalent to the type of action carried out, and he knows that Allaah has ordained a religious brotherhood, and a love based on Eemaan between the Believers. Allaah ordered the believers to be brothers loving each other, and to eliminate everything that negates brotherhood from hatred, enmity and evil plotting.

The slave of Allaah continues to be acquainted with the means by which he acquires this noble characteristic of being merciful, and he exerts himself in implementing this characteristic so much so that he fills his heart up with this mercy, and sympathy for the creation. How great is this noble manner, and noble and complete characteristic.

The effects of this mercy, which is in the hearts, becomes evident upon the limbs and the tongue in striving to do good, righteousness and relaying benefits to the people, and to discontinue harm, and being compelling and offensive to the people.

The sign that shows the presence of mercy in the heart of the slave of Allaah is that he loves that goodness reaches all of the creation generally, and specifically to the Muslims, and he dislikes that evil and harm reaches them. And will be in relation to the level of love and dislike he has, and will be in relation to the level of mercy that he has.

Whoever is afflicted by the death of a beloved person or by other afflictions, and if his sadness upon that person or affliction is due to feeling merciful, then this sadness is praiseworthy, and it does not negate patience and seeking Allaah’s pleasure, this is because when the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- cried due to the death of his grandson, Sa’ad said to him: ‘What is this O Messenger of Allaah?’

The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- followed up his question with another statement and said:

‘هذه رحمة يجعلها الله في قلوب عباده، وإنما يرحم الله من عباده الرحماء’

‘This is mercy, which Allaah places in the hearts of His slaves.  Indeed those whom Allaah has mercy upon from His slaves are those who are merciful.’

[Collected by Bukhari & Muslim]

And likewise the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said at the death of his son Ibraheem:

‘القلب يحزن، والعين تدمع، ولا نقول إلا ما يرضي ربنا. وإنَّا لفراقك يا إبراهيم لمحزونون’

‘The heart is saddened, the eyes shed tears, but we only say that which pleases our Lord. And indeed we are saddened by your separation O Ibraheem.’

[Collected by Bukhari & Muslim]

Likewise having mercy upon young children and slaves, and making them happy is also from being merciful­.

As for not having concern for them and not having gentleness with them, then this is from coarseness, harshness and cruelty, just like some of the coarseness of the Bedouins when they saw the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and his companions kissing their younger children, one of the Bedouins said:

‘I have ten children I did not even kiss one of them.’

The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘أو أملك لك شيئاً أن نزع الله من قلبك الرحمة؟’

‘How can I hold something for you, with Allaah has removed mercy from your heart?’[2]

Also, an example of being merciful is the mercy that the prostitute had when she gave water to a dog to drink, he was going to eat dirt due to extreme thirst, and Allaah forgave her due to that mercy.[3]

The opposite of that example is how a woman was punished due to her tying up a cat, she did not feed her or give her drink, nor did she leave her to eat from the leftovers on the earth, until that cat died.[4]

Additionally from this mercy is that which has been witnessed and experienced, and that is that whoever is kind to his animals by giving them food and drink and beneficial consideration, then Allaah blesses him regarding his animals, and whoever is evil to them, then he is punished in the Dunya before the Hereafter.

Allaah Ta’ala said:

مِنْ أَجْلِ ذَلِكَ كَتَبْنَا عَلَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنَّهُ مَن قَتَلَ نَفْسًا بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ أَوْ فَسَادٍ فِي الأَرْضِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا وَمَنْ أَحْيَاهَا فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا

<<Because of that, We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul unless for a soul or for corruption [done] in the land – it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one – it is as if he had saved mankind entirely. >>

[Maidah: 32]

This is because the first heart has cruelty, harshness and evil, whereas the other heart has mercy and gentleness and compassion, and he is concerned with reviving all those people from whom he has the ability to revive, in comparison to the first heart which has cruelty, and is prepared to annihilate all the people.

We ask Allaah to place mercy in our hearts which will obligate us to follow all the ways that gain the mercy of Allaah, and that we sympathize with all the creation of Allaah due to this mercy. And that Allaah makes it a way of gaining Allaah’s mercy and His generosity; indeed He is the Bestower of goodness and the Most Kind.

[Taken from: ‘Bahtaja al-Qaloob al-Abraar wa Qarat Ayoon al-Akhbar’- Imaam as-Sa’adi p. 365 no.82]


[1] Collected by al-Humaidi in ‘al-Musnad’, Ibn Abee Shaybah in ‘al-Musanaf’, Ahmad, al-Marwazi in ‘al-Birr wa Silaah’, Darmi in ‘ar-Radd ala Jahmeeyah’, Bukhari in ‘Tareekh al-Kabeer’, Abu Dawood & Tirmidhi and many other scholars.

It was authenticated by Tirmidhi, Hakim in ‘al-Mustadrak’ & Dhahabi agreed with him, Albaani in ‘Silsilah al-Ahadeeth as-Saheehah’ No. 925, & many other scholars.

Benefits:

Al-Imam Ishaq bin Rahawayyah (d.238 A.H.) said:

‘Allaah Ta’ala said: <<The Most Merciful [who is] above the Throne established.>> [Taha: 5]. There is a consensus (Ijmaa) of the people of knowledge that Allaah isMustawaa’ (ascended) above the ‘Arsh (Throne), and He knows every single thing under the seven earths.’

Ad-Dhahabi commented on this statement in ‘al-‘Aloo’:

‘Listen –and turn – to this Imam and how this Imam conveyed a consensus of this noble issue, just like Qutaibah conveyed this consensus in his time.’

Qutaibah bin Sa’eed (d.240 A.H.) said:

‘The statement of the Imams of Islaam, the Sunnah and the Jammaah is that we know that our Lord is above the sevens, above His ‘Arsh (Throne), like He said: <<The Most Merciful [who is] above the Throne established.>> [Taha: 5]

Ad-Dhahabi commented on this statement in ‘al-‘Uloo’:

‘So this is Qutaibah, being a great trustworthy Imam, who conveyed a consensus of this issue. He had met Malik, Layth, Hammad bin Zayd, the senior scholars and he lived a long life and the memorizers of hadeeth used to crowd around at his door.’

[Taken from: footnotes from: ‘Bahtaja al-Qaloob al-Abraar wa Qarat Ayoon al-Akhbar’- Imaam as-Sa’adi p. 365 no.82]

 

[2] [Collected by Bukhari & Muslim from the hadeeth of Aeysha Radi Allaahu anha]

[3] [Collected by Bukhari & Muslim from the hadeeth of Abu Huriarah Radi Allaahu anhu]

[4] [Collected by Bukhari & Muslim from the hadeeth of Abdullaah bin Umar Radi Allaahu anhu]

From those Mannerisms that are Obligatory with Allaah Ta’ala – Shaykh al Albaani

Taken from ‘Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah’
By the Muhaddith, Shaykh, Allamaa’ Muhammad Nasir uddeen al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

From those Mannerisms that are Obligatory with Allaah

136 – From Qateelah bint Seefee a woman from Juhaynah who said:

‘Indeed a monk came to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and said: ‘You people commit Shirk! You say whatever Allaah wills and whatever you will, and you say I swear by the Ka’abah.’

So the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Say whatever Allaah wills, thenwhat you will, and say I swear by the Lord of the Ka’abah.’

Narrated by Tahawi in ‘al-Mushkil’ and al-Hakim and al-Bayhaqi and Ahmad. Al-Albaani said its chain is Saheeh.

137 – From Hudhayfah who narrates the same hadeeth: ‘Whereby the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Do not say: whatever Allaah wills and what so and so wills, but rather say: whatever Allaah wills then what so and so wills.’

Narrated by Abu Dawood and Tahaawi  in  ‘Mushkil al-Athaar’ and Bayhaqi and Ahmad. Al-Albaani said its chain is Saheeh.

Rabaee bin Harash followed up Abdullah bin Yasser on the authority of Hudhayfah bin al-Yamaan who said: ‘A man came to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and said: ‘I saw in a dream that I met some people of the book and they said you are a blessed people if it were not that you say, whatever Allaah wills and what Muhammad wills’, so the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Indeed I used to dislike that for you to say whatever Allaah wills then what Muhammad wills’

Narrated by Ibn Majah and Ahmad, Shaykh al-Albaani said that from what is apparent the hadeeth is authentic.

138 – From at-Tufayl bin Sakhbrah the brother of Aeysha from the same mother: ‘That he saw what a sleeping person sees (dreams), it was as if he passed by a group of  the Jews.  He asked: ‘Who are you?’

They said: ‘We are Jews.’

So he said: ‘Indeed you are the people, if only you did not claim that Uzayr is the son of Allaah.

The Jews said: ‘And you are the people, if only you did not say: ‘Whatever Allaah wills and what Muhammad wills!’

Then he passed by a group of the Christians.  He asked: ‘Who are you?’

They said: ‘We are Christians.’

So he said: ‘Indeed you are the people, if only you did not claim that the Messiah is the son of Allaah.

The Christians said: ‘And you are the people, if only you did not say: ‘Whatever Allaah wills and what Muhammad wills!’

In the morning he informed those whom he informed, then the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam came and he informed him of what he saw in the dream.

The Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam asked him: ‘Did you inform anyone?’

He answered: ‘Yes.’

After the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam had prayed he gave them aKhutbah, and praised Allaah and glorified Him, then he sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid:

‘Indeed Tufayl saw a dream, and he informed whosoever from amongst you, and indeed you used to say a statement, and shyness used to prevent me from prohibiting you from it.’

Then he sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Do not say: whatever Allaah wills andwhat Muhammad wills.’

Narrated by Ahmad.

139– From Ibn Abbas who said: A man came to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam to ask about something then he said: ‘Whatever Allaah wills and what you will.’

So the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Have you made me an equal with Allaah (in another wording: a partner)?! No, but rather, what Allaah Alone wills.’

Narrated by Bukhari in ‘al-Adab al-Mufrad’, Ibn Majah, Tahawi in ‘al-Mushkil’, Bayhaqi, Ahmad, Tabrani and Albaani said its chain is Hasan.

The Fiqh of the Hadeeth:

I (Albaani) say: ‘In these Ahadeeth we find, that when a man says to someone else: ‘Whatever Allaah wills and what you will’ then this is regarded as Shirk in the Sharia’. This is from Shirk in wording, because it is presumed that the will of the slave of Allaah is that of the level of the will of the Lord – Subhanahu wa Ta’ala; the reason being that there is a connection between the two wills.

The like of this are the statements of some of the common folk and those similar to them who claim to have knowledge: ‘I have no one except Allaah and you’, and ‘we have relied upon Allaah and you.’

Likewise are the statements of some of those who deliver  lectures: ‘In the name of Allaah and the country.’ Or ‘In the name of Allaah and the people.’ And there are various other similar wordings of Shirk which it is obligatory to stop using, and to repent from using them; in order to have correct manners with Allaah – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala.

Indeed many of the common folk have been negligent of this noble mannerism, likewise there are of the specific people (who claim to have knowledge) who justify their utterances such as these statements of Shirk.  Like calling on other than Allaah at times of hardship, and seeking help from the dead from amongst the righteous people and swearing by them and not by Allaah – Ta’ala, and swearing by them above Allaah– Azza wa Jal.

When a scholar of the Book and the Sunnah criticizes them for this, rather than helping the scholar to forbid the evil, they show enmity by criticizing  him, and they say: ‘Indeed the intentions of these people who call on other than Allaah is good! And actions are but by intentions, as found in the hadeeth!

So they are ignorant or pretend to be ignorant – to please the common folk – they claim that the intention is good, you find this amongst the previously mentioned people; and it does not make an evil action into a good action.

The meaning of the previously mentioned Ahadeeth is that good actions are with sincere intentions, not that actions which oppose the Sharia’ are converted to legislated good actions due to being similar to a good action, this is something which only an ignorant biased person says!

Do you not see that if a man prays towards a grave; then this would be an evil action even though he is praying; and this is due to his opposition to the Ahadeeth and the Aathaar which are mentioned about the prohibition against facing a grave for prayer.

So would an intelligent person say: to the one who returns to face the grave – after having knowledge that the Sharia’ has prohibited this – that his intention is good and his action is permissible?

This would never happen,  also those who seek deliverance and aid with other than Allaah, forgetting Allaah Ta’ala due to the circumstances in which they are in, they are in need of Allaah’s aid and help much more.

It is not intelligible that their end will be good, let alone that their action will be good, while they continue upon this evil knowingly.’

[Taken from ‘Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah’ vol.1 hadeeth nos. 136-139 p.263 – 267]

Some Ahadeeth Pertaining to Behaviour and Seeking Permission

Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Part A

1- 205 – On the authority of Abu Huraira, on the authority of Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamthat he said:

‘I order you with three and I prohibit you from three; I order you to worship Allaah and not to associate anyone with Him.

Hold together to the Rope of Allaah and do not separate.

Obey the one whom Allaah places as a ruler over you.

And I prohibit you from gossip, asking too many questions and wasting wealth.’

No. 685

2- 206 -On the authority of Jaabir bin Sulayman or Saleem that he said:

‘I came to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam while he was sitting with his Companions, I asked: ‘Which one of you is the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam? Either the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam gestured to himself or the people motioned to him.

He was sitting with his knees against his chest with a garment and its trimming had covered his feet.

I said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! I am ignorant about things so teach me.’

The Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Fear Allaah – Azza wa Jal –, do not scorn any good deed even if you pour from a bucket into a vessel for the person who serves drinks.

Beware of arrogance! Indeed Allaah – Tabarak wa Ta’ala – does not love arrogance. If a person curses you and disgraces you with something which he knows about you, then do not disgrace him with something you know about him, so you will have his reward and he will have his sin. Don’t you dare ever curse anyone.’

No.770

3- 208 – On the authority of Jaabir in a narration ascribed to the Prophet:

‘The most beloved of food to Allaah is that which many hands partake of.’ No.895

4- 209 – On the authority of Ibn Umar who said: ‘A man came to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! Which of the people are the most beloved to Allaah and which of the actions are most beloved to Allaah?’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘The most beloved of the people to Allaah are the most beneficial for the people. The most beloved of actions to Allaah –Azza wa Jal- are to cause happiness to reach a Muslim, to relieve him from a hardship, to settle a debt for a Muslim or to repel hunger from him. For me to walk with a brother in order to assist him is more beloved to me than to make ‘Itikaf in this Masjid (Masjid al-Madeenah) for a month.

Whoever holds back his anger then Allaah hides his mistakes. Whoever suppresses his anger – even though he is not scared to show it, but withholds due to the truth – Allaah fills his heart with hope on the day of Judgement.

Whoever walks with his brother to assist him with a need until he has helped him completely, then Allaah plants his feet firmly on the day people will not stand firmly. Indeed bad behaviour spoils good actions, just as vinegar spoils honey.’

No. 906

5- The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘If a noble person comes from a people, then be generous to him.’

No. 1205

6- On the authority of Jaabir bin Abdullaah in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: ‘If a person speaks to you about something after which you leave, then you have been entrusted with that speech.’

No. 1090

7- 234- On the authority of Abu Huraira who said: The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘If one of you enters upon his Muslim brother and he feeds him from his food, then you should eat and not ask about it. And if he pours him a drink from his drink, then he should drink from his drink and not ask about it.’

No.627

8- 235 – The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘If you see those who praise you, throw dirt in their faces.’

No.912

9- 268 – On the authority of Hisham on the authority of his father that ‘Aeysha said to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: O Messenger of Allaah! All your women have a Kuniya except me! So the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Take a Kuniya by virtue of your son Abdullaah – i.e. Ibn Zubayr, you are Umm Abdullaah.’

Then he said: ‘She was called Umm Abdullaah until she died and she had never given birth to a child.’

No.132

Part B

10- 269 – On the authority of Shaqeeq who said: Abdullaah –RadhiAllaahu anhu- said Labbayik while on the mountain of Safa. Then he said: ‘O tongue! Say good so you can benefit and remain silent so you are safe before you fall into regret.

They said: ‘O Abu AbdurRahman! Is this something you yourself say or did you hear it?’

He said: ‘No, rather I heard the Messenger of AllaahsallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam say: ‘Most of the mistakes of the son of Aadam are due to his tongue.’

No. 534

11- 274 – On the authority of Abu Huraira that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘O Allaah, indeed I make a pledge to You which I won’t break. Indeed I am a human being; so any believer who I harmed, reviled, cursed or punished; make that as prayer for him, Zakat and a means of being close to You on the Day of Judgement.’

No. 3999

12- 275 – On the authority of Jaabir bin Abdullaah who said: ‘The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam came to visit us in our house and saw a man with dishevelled hair who had crudely parted it.Then he said: ‘Could this person not find that which will straighten his hair?!’

He saw another man with a dirty garment. So he said: ‘Could this person not find any water with which he could wash his garment?!’

No.493

13- 276 – On the authority of Ibn Umar in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: ‘Jibraeel ordered me to put older people first.’

No. 1555

14- 277 – On the authority of Abu Barzah al-Asslami who said that: I asked ‘O Messenger of Allaah! Command me with a good action that I should do.’

He said, ‘Remove a harmful thing from the path, since it is Sadaqah (charity) for you.’

No.1558

15- 278 – On the authority of Uqbah bin Aamir al-Juhani who said: I asked: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! What is salvation?’ He said: ‘Hold back your tongue, stay in your house fearing that you will harm people and weep over your sins.’

No. 890

16- 279 – On the authority of Aswaad bin Asram al-Muharibi who said: I said ‘O Messenger of Allaah!Advise me.’

He said: ‘Hold back your hand [in a narration: do not open your hand except for good].’

No. 1560

17- 281 -On the authority of Abu Huraira that a man complained to the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam about having a hard heart, so he said to him: ‘If you want to soften your heart, then feed the needy and stroke the head of an orphan.’

No.854

18- 317 – On the authority of Anas bin Maalik in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: ‘Beware of everything you have to make an excuse for.’

No. 354

Part C

19- 318 – On the authority of Muaweeyah in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: ‘Beware of the one who praises you, because it is slaughter.’

No. 1284

20- On the authority of Ibn Abbas in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: ‘Blessings are with your elders.’

No. 1778

21- 323 – On the authority of Abu Dharr in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: ‘Smiling in your brother’s face is charity (Sadaqah) for you, when you enjoin the good and prohibit evil it is charity, when you show directions to a man who has lost his way it is Sadaqah for you. Helping a weak-sighted person by using your sight is charity for you. When you remove a rock, thorn and bones from thepathway it is charity for you. When you pour from your bucket into your brother’s bucket it is charity for you.’

No. 572

22- 324 – On the authority of Qais bin Abu Hazim, on the authority of his father who said: The ProphetsallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam saw me while I was sitting in the sun, so he said: ‘Move into the shade.’

No. 833

23- 326 – On the authority of Anas bin Malik that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Patience/calmness is from Allaah and haste is from Shaytaan.’

No. 1795

24- 333- On the authority of Abdullaah bin ‘Amrooin a narration ascribed to the Prophet: ‘The best of the companions to Allaah are those who are the best to their companion. The best of the neighbours to Allaah are those who are best to their neighbours.’

No. 103

25- 335 – On the authority of ‘Aeysha in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: ‘The best of you are those who are best to their wives. And if your companion dies make dua’ for him.’

No. 1174

26- 338 – On the authority of Abu Huraira in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: ‘Defend your honour with your wealth.’ They said: O Messenger of Allaah! How can we defend our honour with our wealth?’

He said: ‘Pay off the poet, to keep him fromspeaking against you, and the one whose tongue you fear.’

No. 1461

27- 339- On the authority of al-Hasan in a narration: ‘May Allaah have mercy upon the slave who speaks and benefits or remains silent and is saved.’

No. 855

Part D

28- 341- On the authority of Abu Huraira in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: ‘There are three types of dreams: good news from Allaah, one where a person dreams of a desire or something that he expects and the one with which Shaytaan scares you. If one of you sees a dream which pleases you then narrate it if you want.

If you see something you dislike then do not narrate it to anyone but stand up and pray.’

No. 1341

29- 343 – On the authority of Abdullaah bin ‘Amrooin a narration ascribed to the Prophet: ‘Reviling a believer is like supervising destruction.’

No. 1878

30- On the authority of Sulayman bin Ziyad al-Hadrami, that Abdullaah bin al-Harith bin Jaza az-Zubaydi narrated to him that he and his companion passed by Ayman and a group from the Quraish who had taken off and rolled up their garments and were hitting each other with them while they were naked.

Abdullaah said: When we passed by them, they said: Indeed these are priests so invite them to Allaah. Then the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamwent out to them and when they saw him they dispersed. The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam returned angry until he entered. I was behind a rock and I heard him say: ‘SubhanaAllaah. They were not ashamed of Allaah, nor did they cover up in front of the Messenger of Allaah.’ Umm Ayman was with him saying: Seek forgiveness for them O Messenger of Allaah!

Abdullaah said: ‘With what could he ask for forgiveness for them.’

No. 2991

31- 350 – On the authority of Abu Huraira on the authority of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam who said: ‘The thankful person who feeds people is of the same status of a patient person who is fasting.’

No.655

32- 351 – On the authority of Abu Musa al-Ashaariin a narration ascribed to the Prophet: ‘Every Muslim has to give Sadaqa (charity).’ It was asked what if it cannot be found?

He said: ‘He should work with his hands, so he benefits himself and gives Sadaqa.’

It was asked: ‘What if that cannot be done?’

He said: ‘He helps the person who is in need and is troubled.’

It was asked: ‘What if that cannot be done?’

He said: ‘Command good actions or goodness.’

It was asked: ‘What if he does not do that?’

He said: ‘Keeping away from evil is indeed Sadaqa.’

No. 573

33- 356- On the authority of Wahshee: that a man said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah we eat but we do notfeel satisfied.

The Messenger of Allaah said: ‘Perhaps you eat separately from one another; gather together atyour food and mention the name of Allaah Ta’alaupon it so that your food will be blessed.’

No. 664

34- 357- On the authority of Ibn Abbas in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: ‘The son of Adam has 360 (finger joints or bones or) joints and there is an act of Sadaqa which is due from every one of them every day; every good word is Sadaqa, a man helping his brother is Sadaqa, a drink of water that he pours for him is Sadaqa and removing something harmful from the path is Sadaqa.’

No. 576

35- 360 – On the authority of Abu Musa who said: ‘When the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam would send one of his companions for something he would say: ‘Give good news and do not push people away.Make things easy and do not make things difficult.’

No. 992

36- 362 – On the authority of ‘Aeysha in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: ‘When the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam would sit in a gathering or pray a prayer he would say some words. So ‘Aeysha asked him about these words.

He said: ‘If what has been said is good then these words would be like a seal for them until the Day of Judgement and if he spoke other than good, then it would be an expiation for him. ‘Subhanak Allaahumma wa bihamdika, la illaha ill Anta, Astaghfiruka wa Atoobu eelayk.'(How far You are from imperfection O Allaah and praise is for You, there is none worthy of worship in truth except You, I seek forgiveness from You and repent to You.)

No. 3164

Part E

37- 359- It is narrated on the authority of ‘Aeysha that when the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to go to bed every night he, would cup his hands together, spittle in them and then read into them:

<< Say: “He is Allaah, (the) One>> [Soorah Al-Ikhlaas],

<< Say: “I seek refuge with the Lord of the daybreak >>[Soorah Al-Falaq]

and <<Say: “I seek refuge with the Lord of mankind>>[Soorah An-Naas] then wipe what he could from his body, starting from his head and face and then the rest of what he could of his body andhe would do that three times.’

No. 3104

38-366 – On the authority of Anas who said: ‘When the Companions of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamused to meet they used to shake hands and if they came from a journey they would hug.’

No. 2647

39- 373 – On the authority of Ubaydullaah bin Ali bin Abee Rafah, on the authority of his grandmother Salma who said: ‘The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamused to dislike that the top of food be taken.’

No. 3125

40- 377 – On the authority of Abu Huraira who said: The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Every person from the children of Adam is a master, so the man is the master of his family and the woman is the mistress of her home.’

No. 2041

41- 378- On the authority of Ibn Umar who said: Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid: ‘Eat together and don’t separate. Indeed food for one person is sufficient for two and food for two is sufficient for four.’

No. 2691

42- 380- On the authority of Zaid bin ‘Arqam who said: ‘When the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to say salaam to us, we used to reply with: ‘Wa alayka as-Salaam wa Rahmatullahi wa Barakatuhu wa Maghfiratuhu.’ (and Salaam be to you and Allaah’s mercy, His blessings and His forgiveness.)

No. 1449

43- 383 – On the authority of Abu Massoud, on the authority of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam who said: ‘A Muslim has four characteristics towards another Muslim: He replies ‘YarhamkuAllaah‘ (May Allaah have mercy upon you) if another Muslim sneezes, he answers his invitation, he attends if he dies and visits him if he is sick.’

No. 2154

44- On the authority of Zaid bin Aslaam on the authority of his father that Umar bin al-Khattab came upon Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq –RadhiAllaahu anhu-while he was pulling his tongue.

Umar said: ‘What are you doing O khaleefah of theAllaah’s Messenger?

Abu Bakr said: This has caused me to commit sins.Indeed the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid: ‘There is nothing from the body except that it complains to Allaah about the tongue, every single limb complains.’

No. 535

45- 387 – On the authority of Ibn Abbas who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid: ‘A believer is not a person who eats his fill while his neighbour is hungry next to him.’

No. 149

Part F

46- 388- On the authority of Abdullaah bin Mas’oodwho said that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said: ‘A believer does not defame, nor does he curse, nor does he do evil acts nor is he obscene/foul.’

No. 320

47- 395 – On the authority of Abu Huraira in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘A slave of Allaah is not provided with anything better in goodness nor in wealth than patience.’

No. 448

48- 396 – On the authority of Anas who said: ‘There was not a person in the world who the Companions loved to see more than the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – and if they saw him they would not stand up for him as they knew about his dislike of standing for him.’

No. 358

49- 397 – On the authority of Usama bin Shareek in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘Do not do in secret that which you would dislike the people to see you do.’

No. 1055

50- 398- On the authority of Sharhabeel bin Muslim al-Khowlaani: that Rooh bin Zinbaa’ visited Tameem ad-Daari and found him sifting barley for his horse while his family was around him, so Rooh said to him: ‘Could not one of these people be sufficient for you?’ (i.e. to help you)

Tameem said: ‘Of course, but I heard the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – say: ‘There is no Muslim who sifts barley for his horse, then ties the food bag to the horse except that for every grain there is a good deed written for him.’

No. 2269

51-399 – On the authority of al-Bara bin ‘Aazib who said that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said: ‘There are no two Muslims who meet and shake hands except they are forgiven before they separate.’

No.525

52- 400 – On the authority of an-Nu’maan binBasheer in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘The example of the believers in their affection, mercy and compassion for each other is like the body: if a limb of it complains due to an illness, it affects the rest of the body with sleeplessness and fever.’

No. 1083

53- 404 – On the authority of Abu Burdah who said: I came to Madina and Abdullaah bin Umar came to visit me and said: ‘Do you know why I came to see you?’

I said: ‘No’

He said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – saying: ‘whoever loves to keep the ties of relationship with his father while he is in his grave, then he should keep the ties of relationship with his father’s brothers after him.’

Ibn Umar said: ‘since there was brotherliness and affection between my father and your father I liked to maintain the ties of relationship.’

No. 1432

54- 405- On the authority of Abu Umamah on the authority of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – that he said: ‘Whoever loves for the sake of Allaah, hates for the sake of Allaah, gives for the sake of Allaah and prohibits for the sake of Allaah then he has completed Eemaan.’

No.380

Part G

55 – 412 – On the authority of Abu Umamah in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: “Whoever is merciful – even when slaughtering a small bird – Allaah will have mercy on him on the Day of Judgment.”

No.27

56 – 413 – On the authority of Abdullaah bin ‘Amr who said that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever remains silent is saved.”

No.536

57- 415 – From Abu Hurairah on the authority of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam who said: “Whoever says when he goes to his bed to sleep:

‘There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah Alone, He has no partners, He has the Dominion and for Him is all praise. He is capable of all things, there is no capability nor is there any power except with Allaah, far is Allaah from imperfection and praise is for Him, there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah and Allaah is the Greatest,

La ilaha ‘illa Allaahu wahdahu la shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shayin qadeer. La hawla wa la quwwata illa billaa

Subhana allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar

Then his sins are forgiven – or his mistakes – even if they were like the foam on the sea.”

No.3414

58- 418 – On the authority of Anas bin Malik in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: “Whoever restrains his anger then Allaah restrains His punishment from him. Whoever restrains his tongue then Allaah hides his mistakes.Whoever apologises to Allaah then Allaah accepts his excuse.”

No.2360

59- 419 – On the authority of Jareer who said that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: “Whoever is not merciful will not be shown mercy.Whoever does not forgive will not be forgiven.Whoever does not repent then he will not be shown repentance.”

No.483

60- 422- On the authority of Jaabir bin Abdullaah in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: “Whoever helps his brother at the time of his need, then Allaah helps him at the time of his need.”

No.2362

61- On the authority of Sahl bin Sa’d in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: “The believer is friendly, there is no good in the one who does not take friends and cannot be befriended.”

No.425

62- 423 – On the authority of Ibn Umar in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: “The believer who mixes with the people and is patient with their harm is better than the one who does not mix with people and is not patient with their harm.”

No.939

63- 425 – On the authority of Abu Huraira in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: “A believer befriends and is befriended. There is no good in the one who does not take friends and cannot be befriended. The best of the people are those who are most beneficial to the people.”

No.426

Part H

64- 426 – On the authority of Abu Barzah who said: I asked, “O Messenger of Allaah! Direct me to an action which I can benefit from.” The Messenger said: “Remove a harmful thing from the path of Muslims.”

No.2373

65- 429 – On the authority of a man from the Companions of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam prohibited sitting between the sun’s rays and the shade and said:“This is where the Shaytaan sits.”

No.838/3110

66 – 431 – On the authority of Jaabir bin Abdullaah who states that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamprohibited pictures in the house and prohibited a man from making them.

No.424

67- 432 – On the authority Ibn Umar that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam prohibited isolation, that a man spends the night alone or travels alone.

No. 60

68 – 434 – On the authority of Muwayyiah bin Qurrah from his father who said that a man said: “O Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam! Indeed when I slaughter a sheep, I have mercy on it.”

The Messenger mentioned: “If you are merciful with the sheep, then Allaah will be merciful to you.”

No. 26

69- 435 – On the authority of Anas bin Malik in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: “I swear by Him in Whose Hand is my life; Allaah does not bestow His mercy except upon a merciful person. They said: ‘We are all merciful.’

The Messenger said: “It is not the mercy of one of you to his companion; rather it is being merciful to all the people.”

No. 167

70 – 436 – On the authority of Anas bin Malik who said: “I used to serve the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam so I would enter upon himwithout permission. One day I came and entered upon him and he said: “Get back O my son! Indeed something has happened, so do not enter upon me except with permission.”

No.2957

71- 437 – On the authority of Abu Darda who said: that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid: “Do not eat while you are reclining, nor on a sieve (a large device that was used to sieve flour etc). Do not take a fixed place of prayer in the masjid so that you don’t pray except in that place and do not climb over the necks of the people on the day of Jumu’ah, such that Allaah makes you a bridge for them on the Day of Judgment.”

No. 3122

72 – 446 – From Samurah bin Jundab, on the authority of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam who said: “Do not curse with the curse of Allaah, with His Anger nor with the Fire. [and in a narration: with the Hell-Fire.]

No. 893

Prohibition of following the Manners of Satan and Disbelievers

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 293
Prohibition of following the Manners of Satan and Disbelievers

1634. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) as saying: “Do not eat with your left hand, because Satan eats and drinks with his left hand.”
[Muslim].

1635. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “No person should eat and drink with his left hand for Satan eats with his left hand and drinks with his left hand.”
[Muslim].

1636. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) as saying: “Jews and Christians do not dye their hair, so act differently from them.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Seeking Permission to enter (somebody’s House) and Manners relating to it

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 140
Seeking Permission to enter (somebody’s House) and Manners relating to it

Allah, the Exalted, says:

“O you who believe! Enter not houses other than your own, until you have asked permission and greeted those in them.” (24:27)

“And when the children among you come to puberty, then let them (also) ask for permission, as those senior to them (in age).” (24:59)

870. Abu Musa Al-Ash`ari (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Permission is to be sought thrice. If it is accorded, you may enter; otherwise, go back.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

871. Sahl bin Sa`d (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Seeking permission to enter (somebody’s house) has been prescribed in order to restrain the eyes (from looking at something we are not supposed to look at).”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

872. Rib`i bin Hirash (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man of Banu `Amir tribe has told us that he had asked the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) for permission to enter when he was at home. He said: “May I enter?” Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to the servant, “Go out and instruct him about the manner of seeking permission. Tell him to say: As-Salamu `Alaikum (may you be safe from evil). May I come in?” The man heard this and said: “As-Salamu `Alaikum (may you be safe from evil). May I come in?” The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) then accorded permission to him and he entered in.
[Abu Dawud].

873. Kildah bin Al-Hanbal (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I visited the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and I entered his house without seeking permission. So he said, “Go back and say: `As-Salamu `alaikum (may you be safe from evil). May I come in?”’
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

Seeking Permission to enter by telling one’s Name

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 141
Seeking Permission to enter by telling one’s Name

874. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported in the course of his famous Hadith pertaining to Al-Isra’ (the Ascension) that Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Then Jibril (Gabriel) ascended along with me to the nearest heaven and requested for the gate to be opened. He was asked: `Who is there?’ He replied: `Jibril.’ He was asked: `Who is with you?’ He said: `Muhammad.’ Then he ascended to the second heaven and requested for the opening of the gate. He was asked: `Who is there?’ He said: `Jibril.’ He was asked: `Who is with you?’ He replied: `Muhammad.’ In the same way he ascended to the third, fourth and all the heavens (i.e., until the seventh). At all of the gates he was asked: `Who is there?’ He replied: Jibril.”’
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

875. Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I stepped out one night and saw Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) walking by himself. I began to walk in the moonlit night. He turned round and saw me and asked, “Who is there?” I replied: “Abu Dharr.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

876. Umm Hani (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: I went to the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) who was taking a bath while Fatimah was screening him. He asked, “Who is there?” I replied: “I am Umm Hani.’
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

877. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I went to the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and knocked at the door (to seek permission). He asked, “Who is there?” I said: “I”. He repeated, ” I, I?!” as if he disliked it.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Excellence of Hand shaking at the time of Meeting

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 143
Excellence of Hand shaking at the time of Meeting

885. Abu Khattab Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I asked Anas: “Did the Companions of Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) use to shake hands?” He said: “Yes.”
[Al-Bukhari].

886. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When the people of Yemen came, the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The people of Yemen have visited you. They are the first to introduce the tradition of handshaking.”
[Abu Dawud].

887. Al-Bara’ (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Two Muslims will not meet and shake hands without having their sins forgiven (by Allah ) before they depart.”
[Abu Dawud].

888. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man asked: “O Messenger of Allah! When a man meets a brother or a friend, should he bow to him?” He said, “No.” The man asked whether he should embrace and kiss him? The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “No.” He asked whether he should hold his hand and shake it? The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Yes.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

889. Safwan bin `Assal (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A Jew asked his companion to take him to the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam); and when they came to the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam), they asked him about the nine clear signs (given to Prophet Musa). Safwan narrated the long Hadith which concludes: They kissed the hands and feet of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and said: “We testify that you are a Prophet.”
[At-Tirmidhi] (Unapproved Hadith).

890. In a narration of Ibn Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) at the end of the narration of the Hadith ) he said: “We came near the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and kissed his hand.”
[Abu Dawud] (Weak Hadith).

891. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: Zaid bin Harithah came to the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) when he was in my house. Zaid knocked at the door. The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) rose to receive him, trailing his garment. He embraced and kissed him.
[At-Tirmidhi].

892. Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to me, “Do not belittle any good deed, even your meeting with your brother (Muslim) with a cheerful face.”
[Muslim].

893. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) kissed his grandson Hasan bin `Ali in the presence of Aqra` bin Habis. Thereupon Aqra` remarked: “I have ten children and I have never kissed any one of them.” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) cast a glance upon him and said, “He who does not show mercy to others, will not be shown mercy.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Good Conduct

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 73
Good Conduct

Allah, the Exalted, says:

“And verily, you (O Muhammad (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)) are on an exalted (standard of) character.” (68:4)

“The Jannah is prepared for those)… who repress anger, and who pardon men.” (3:134)

621. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was the best of all the people in behaviour.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

622. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I never felt any piece of velvet or silk softer than the palm of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam), nor did I smell any fragrance more pleasant than the smell of Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). I served him for ten years, and he never said `Uff’ (an expression of disgust) to me. He never said `why did you do that?’ for something I had done, nor did he ever say `why did you not do such and such’ for something I had not done.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

623. Sa`b bin Jaththamah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I presented a wild ass to Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) as a gift but he returned it to me. When he perceived signs of despair on my face, he said, “I have declined to accept it because I am in the state of Ihram.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

624. Nawwas bin Sam`an (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I asked Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) about virtue and sin, and he said, “Virtue is noble behaviour, and sin is that which creates doubt and you do not like people to know about it.”
[Muslim].

625. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`as (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) did not indulge in loose talk nor did he like to listen to it. He used to say, “The best of you is the best among you in conduct.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

626. Abud-Darda (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Nothing will be heavier on the Day of Resurrection in the Scale of the believer than good manners. Allah hates one who utters foul or coarse language.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

627. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was asked about the deed which will be foremost to lead a man to Jannah. He replied, “Fear of Allah and the good conduct.” Then he was asked about indulgence which will admit a man to Hell (Fire) and he answered, “The tongue and the genitals.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

628. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The most perfect man in his faith among the believers is the one whose behaviour is most excellent; and the best of you are those who are the best to their wives.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

629. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: I heard Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying: “A believer will attain by his good behaviour the rank of one who prays during the night and observes fasting during the day.”
[Abu Dawud].

630. Abu Umamah Al-Bahili (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “I guarantee a house in Jannah for one who gives up arguing, even if he is in the right; and I guarantee a home in the middle of Jannah for one who abandons lying even for the sake of fun; and I guarantee a house in the highest part of Jannah for one who has good manners.”
[Abu Dawud].

631. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The dearest and nearest among you to me on the Day of Resurrection will be one who is the best of you in manners; and the most abhorrent among you to me and the farthest of you from me will be the pompous, the garrulous, and Al-Mutafaihiqun.” The Companions asked him: “O Messenger of Allah! We know about the pompous and the garrulous, but we do not know who Al-Mutafaihiqun are.” He replied: “The arrogant people.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

The Righteous conduct on Regular base

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 15
The Righteous conduct on Regular base

Allah, the Exalted, says:

“Has not the time come for the hearts of those who believe (in the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) to be affected by Allah’s Reminder (this Qur’an), and that which has been revealed of the truth, lest they become as those who received the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel)] before (i.e., Jews and Christians), and the term was prolonged for them and so their hearts were hardened?” (57:16)

“And We sent `Isa (Jesus) – son of Maryam (Mary), and gave him the Injeel (Gospel). And We ordained in the hearts of those who followed him, compassion and mercy. But the monasticism which they invented for themselves, We did not prescribe for them, but (they sought it) only to please Allah therewith, but that they did not observe it with the right observance.” (57:27)

“And be not like her who undoes the thread which she has spun, after it has become strong…” (16:92)

“And worship your Rubb until there comes unto you the certainty (i.e., death).” (15:99)

And there are Ahadith, one of them is narrated by `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her): Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) liked that act of worship most in the performance of which a person was regular and constant.
[Muslim].

153. `Umar bin Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Should anyone fall asleep at night and fail to recite his portion of the Qur’an, or a part of it, if he recites it between the Fajr prayer and the Zuhr prayer, it will be recorded for him as though he had recited it during the night”.
[Muslim].

154. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`as (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to me, “O Abdullah! Do not be like so-and-so. He used to get up at night for optional prayer but abandoned it later.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

155.  `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: When Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) missed the optional night Salat (Tahajjud) due to pain or any other reason, he would perform twelve Rak`ah during the day time.
[Muslim].

Sahih Muslim : Book 32: The Book of Virtue, Good Manners and Joining of the Ties of Relationship (Kitab Al-Birr was-Salat-I-wa’l-Adab)

Translation of Sahih Muslim, Book 32:

The Book of Virtue, Good Manners and Joining of the Ties of Relationship (Kitab Al-Birr was-Salat-I-wa’l-Adab)


Chapter 1: POLITENESS TOWARDS PARENTS AND THEIR RIGHT TO IT


Book 032, Number 6180:

Abu Huraira reported that a person came to Allah, ‘s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and said: Who among the people is most deserving of a fine treatment from my hand? He said: Your mother. He again said: Then who (is the next one)? He said: Again it is your mother (who deserves the best treatment from you). He said: Then who (is the next one)? He (the Holy Prophet) said: Again, it is your mother. He (again) said: Then who? Thereupon he said: Then it is your father. In the hadith transmitted on the authority of Qutalba, there is no mention of the word” the people”.


Book 032, Number 6181:

Abu Huraira reported that a person said: Allah’s Messenger, who amongst the people is most deserving of my good treatment? He said: Your mother, again your mother, again your mother, then your father, then your nearest relatives according to the order (of nearness).


Book 032, Number 6182:

Abu Huraira reported: A person came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him). The rest of the hadith is the same as transmitted by jarir but with this addition: By your father, you would get the information.


Book 032, Number 6183:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ibn Shubruma with the same chain of transmitters and the hadith transmitted on the authority of Wuhaib there is a slight variation of wording. Same is the case with the hadith transmitted on the authority of Muhammad b. Talha (and the words are):” Who amongst the people deserves the best treatment from me”.


Book 032, Number 6184:

Abdullah b. ‘Anir reported that a person came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and sought permission (to participate) in Jihad, whereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Are your parents living? He said: Yes. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: You should put in your best efforts (in their) service.


Book 032, Number 6185:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Habib with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6186:

Yazid b. Abu Habib reported that Na’im, the freed slave of Umm Salama, reported to him that ‘Abdullah b. ‘Amr b. ‘As said: There came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) a person and said: I owe allegiance to you for migration and Jihad seeking reward only from Allah. He (the Holy Prophet) said: Is one from amongst your parents living? He said: Yes, of course, both are living. He further asked: Do you want to seek reward from Allah? He said: Yes. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Go back to your parents and accord them benevolent treatment.


Chapter 2: THE PREFERENCE OF BENEVOLENT TREATMENT TO PARENTS OVER VOLUNTARY PRAYERS, ETC.


Book 032, Number 6187:

Abu Huraira reported that Juraij was one who was devoted to (prayer) in the temple. His mother came to him. Humaid said that Abu Rafi’ demonstrated before us like the demonstration made by abu Huraira to whom Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) had demonstrated as his mother called him placing her palms upon the eyebrows and lifting her head for calling him and said: Juraij, it is your mother, so talk to her. She found him at that time absorbed in prayer, so he said (to himself): O Lord, my mother (is calling me) (whereas I am absorbed) in my prayer. He opted for prayer. She (his mother) went back, then came again for the second time and said: O Juraij, it is your mother (calling you), so talk to me. He said: O Allah. there is my mother also and my prayer, and he opted for prayer. She said: O Allah, this Juraij is my son. I pray to talk to him but he refuses to talk to me. O Allah, don’t bring death to him unless he has seen the prostitutes, and had she invoked the curse upon him (from the heart of her heart) he would have been involved in some turmoil. There was a shepherd living near by his temple (the temple where Juraij was engaged in prayer). It so happened that a woman of that village came there and that shepherd committed fornication with her and she became pregnant and gave birth to a child. It was said to her: Whose child is this? She said: He is the child of one who is living in this temple. So there came persons with hatchets and spades. They called Juraij. He was absorbed in prayer and he did not talk to them and they were about to demolish that temple that he saw them and then came to them and they said: Ask her (this woman) what she says. He smiled and then touched the head of the child and said: Who is your father? He (the child) said: My father is the shepherd of the sheep, and when they heard this, they said: We are prepared to rebuild with gold and silver what we have demolished from your temple. He said: No, rebuild it with clay as it had been before. He then went up (to his room and absorbed himself in prayer).


Book 032, Number 6188:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: None spoke in the cradle but only three (persons), Christ son of Mary, the second one the companion of Juraij. Juraij had got constructed a temple and confined himself in that. His mother came to him as he was busy in prayer and she said: Juraij. He said: My Lord, my mother (is calling me while I am engaged in) my prayer. He continued with the prayer. She returned and she came on the next day and he was busy in prayer, and she said: Juraij. And he said: My Lord, my mother (is calling me while I am engaged) in prayer, and he continued with the prayer and she went back, and then on the next day she again came and he was busy in prayer and she said: Juraij. And he said: My Lord, my mother (is calling me while I am engaged in my prayer, and he continued with the prayer, and she said: My Lord, don’t give him death unless he has seen the fate of the prostitutes. The story of Juraij and that of his meditation and prayer gained currency amongst Bani Isra’il. There was a prostitute who had been a beauty incarnate. She said (to the people): If you like I can allure him to evil. She presented herself to him but he paid no heed (to her). She came to a shepherd who lived near the temple and she offered herself to him and he had a sexual intercourse with her and so she became pregnant arid when she gave birth to a child she said: This is from Juraij. So they came and asked him to get down and demolished the temple and began to beat him. He said: What is the matter? They said: You have committed fornication with this prostitute and she has given birth to a child from your loins. He said: Where is the child? They brought him (the child) and he said: just leave me so that I should observe prayer. And he observed prayer and when he finished, he came to the child. He struck his stomach and said: O boy, who is your father? lie said: He is such shepherd. So they turned towards Juraij, kissed him and touched him (for seeking blessing) and said: We are prepared to construct your temple with gold. He said. No, just rebuild it with mud as it had been, and they did that. Then there was a babe who was sucking his mother that a person dressed in fine garment came riding upon a beast. His mother said: O Allah, make my child like this one. He (the babe) left sucking and began to see towards him, and said: O Allah, don’t make me like him. He then returned to the chest and began to suck the milk of his mother. He (Abu Huraira) said: I perceived as if I am seeing Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as he is explaining the scene of his sucking milk with his forefinger in his mouth and sucking that. He (Abu Huraira) further reported Allah’s Apostle (may be peace upon him) as saying: There happened to pass by him a girl who was being beaten and they were saying: You have committed adultery and you have committed theft and she was saying: Allah is enough for me and He is my good Protector, and his mother said: O Allah, don’t make my child like her and he left sucking the milk, and looked towards her and said: O Allah, make me like her, and there was a talk between them. She said: O with shaven head, a good-looking person happened to pass by and I said: O Allah, make my child like him, and you said: O Allah, don’t make me like him, and they passed by a girl while they were beating her and saying: You committed fornication and you committed theft, and I said: O Allah, don’t make my child like her, and you said: O Allah, make me like her. Thereupon he said: That person was a tyrant, and I said: O Allah, don’t make me like him, and they were saying about her: You committed fornication whereas in fact she had not committed that and they were saying: You have committed theft whereas she had not committed theft, so I said: O Allah, make me like her.


Book 032, Number 6189:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Let him be humbled into dust; let him be humbled into dust. It was said: Allah’s Messenger, who is he? He said: He who sees either of his parents during their old age or he sees both of them, but he does not enter Paradise.


Book 032, Number 6190:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Let him be humbled, let him be humbled. It was said: Allah’s Messenger, who is he? He said. He who finds his parents in old age, either one or both of them, and does not enter Paradise.


Book 032, Number 6191:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Let him be humbled thrice, and the rest of the hadith is the same.


Chapter 3: KINDNESS TOWARDS THE FRIENDS OF ONE’S FATHER AND MOTHER


Book 032, Number 6192:

Ibn Dinar reported that a desert Arab met Abdullah b. ‘Umar on the way to Mecca. ‘Abdullah greeted him and mounted him upon the donkey on which he had been riding and gave him the turban that he had on his head. Ibn Dinar (further) reported: We said to him (‘Abdullah b. ‘Umar): May Allah do good to you, these are desert Arabs and they are satisfied even with meagre (things). Thereupon Abdullah said: His father was loved dearly by ‘Umar b. Khattib and I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The finest act of goodness on the part of a son is to treat kindly the loved ones of his father.


Book 032, Number 6193:

‘Abdullah b. Umar reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: The finest act of goodness is that a person should treat kindly the loved ones of his father.


Book 032, Number 6194:

Abdullah b. Dinar reported that when ‘Abdullah b. ‘Umar set out to Mecea, ‘he kept a donkey with him which he used as a diversion from the tedium of journey on the camel’s back and had a turban which he tied round his head. One day, as he was riding the donkey a desert Arab happened to pass by him. He (‘Abdullah b. ‘Umar) said: Arn’t you so and so? He said: Yes He gave him his donkey and said: Ride it, and tie the turban round your head. Some of his companions said: May Allah pardon you, you gave to this desert Arab the donkey on which you enjoyed ride for diversion and the turban which you tied round your. head. Thereupon he said: Verily I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The finest act of goodness is the kind treatment of a person to the loved ones of his father after his death and the father of this person was a friend of ‘Umar.


Book 032, Number 6195:

Nawwas b. Sim’an al-Ansiri reported: I asked Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) about virtue and vice. He said: Virtue is a kind disposition and vice is what rankles in your heart and that you disapprove that people should come to know of it.


Book 032, Number 6196:

Nawwis b. Sim’in reported: I stayed with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) for one year. What obstructed me to migrate was (nothing) but (persistent) inquiries from him (about Islam). (It was a common observation) that when anyone of us migrated (to Medina) he ceased to ask (too many questions) from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). So I asked him about virtue and vice. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Virtue is a kind disposition and vice is what rankles in your mind and that you disapprove of its being known to the people.


Chapter 4: JOINING THE TIE OF RELATIONSHIP AND PROHIBITION TO BREAK IT


Book 032, Number 6197:

Abu Huraira reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Verily Allah created the universe and when He had finished that, ties of relationship came forward and said This is the place for him who seeks refuge from severing (of blood-relationship). He said: Yes. Are you not satisfied that I should keep relationship with one who joins your ties of relationship and sever it with one who severs your (ties of relationship)? They (the ties of blood) said: Certainly so. Thereupon He said: Well, that is how things are for you. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) then said: Recite if you like:” But if you turn away you are sure to make mischief in the land and cut off the ties of kinship. Those it is whom Allah has cursed, so He has made them deaf and blinded their eyes. Do they not reflect on the Qur’an? Or, are there locks on their hearts?”.


Book 032, Number 6198:

‘A’isha reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The tie of kinship is suspended to the Throne and says: He who unites me Allah would unite him and he who severed me Allah would sever him.


Book 032, Number 6199:

Jubair b. Mut’im reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: The severer would not enter Paradise. Ibn Umar said that Sufyan (explained it as): One who severs the tie of kinship would not enter Paradise.


Book 032, Number 6200:

Jubair b. Mutlim reported that his father narrated to him that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: The severer of the tie of kinship would not get into Paradise.


Book 032, Number 6201:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Zuhri with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6202:

Anas b. Malik reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who is desirous that his means of sustenance should be expanded for him or his age may be lengthened, should join the tie of relationship.


Book 032, Number 6203:

Anas b. Malik reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: He who likes that his sustenance should be expanded and his age may be lengthened should join the tie of kinship.


Book 032, Number 6204:

Abu Huraira reported that a person said: Allah’s Messenger, I have relatives with whom I try, to have close relationship, but they sever (this relation). I treat them well, but they treat me ill. I am sweet to them but they are harsh towards me. Upon this he (the Holy Prophet) said: If it is so as you say, then you in fact throw hot ashes (upon their faces) and there would always remain with you on behalf of Allah (an Angel to support you) who would keep you dominant over them so long as you adhere to this (path of righteousness).


Chapter 5: FORBIDDANCE OF NURSING MUTUAL JEALOUSY, MUTUAL HATRED AND MUTUAL HOSTILITY


Book 032, Number 6205:

Anas b. Malik reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Neither nurse mutual hatred, nor jealousy, nor enmity, and become as fellow. brothers and servants of Allah. It is not lawful fora Muslim that he should keep his relations estranged with his brother beyond three days.


Book 032, Number 6206:

Anas b. Malik reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying like this. This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6207:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Zuhri with the same chain of transmitters with the addition of Ibn Uyaina (and the words are):” Do not cut off (mutual relations).”


Book 032, Number 6208:

This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters and the hadith transmitted on the authority of Abd al-Razziq (the words are):” Neither nurse grudge nor sever (the ties of kinship), nor nurse enmity.”


Book 032, Number 6209:

Anas reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Nurse no grudge, nurse no aversion and do not sever ties of kinship and live like fellow-brothers as servants of Allah. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shu’ba with the same chain of transmitters but with this addition:” As Allah has commanded you.”


Chapter 6: IT IS FORBIDDEN FOR A MUSLIM TO HAVE ESTRANGED RELATIONS WITH THE OTHER MUSLIM BEYOND THREE DAYS WITHOUT ANY REASON OF SHARI’AH


Book 032, Number 6210:

Abu Ayyub Ansiri reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: It is not permissible for a Muslim to have estranged relations with his brother beyond three nights, the one turning one way and the other turning the other way when they meet; the better of the two is one who is the first to give a greeting.


Book 032, Number 6211:

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Zuhri with a slight variation of wording (and the words are):” The one turning away and the other turning away when they meet and one avoids the other and the other also avoids him.”


Book 032, Number 6212:

‘Abdullah b. ‘Umar reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: It is not permissible for a Muslim to have estranged relations with his brother beyond three days.


Book 032, Number 6213:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: There should be no estranged relations beyond three days.


Chapter 7: FORBIDDANCE OF SUSPICION, FAULT-FINDING, AND BIDDING AGAINST THE OTHER (FOR RAISING THE PRICE)


Book 032, Number 6214:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Avoid suspicion, for suspicion is the gravest lie in talk and do not be inquisitive about one another and do not spy upon one another and do not feel envy with the other, and nurse no malice, and nurse no aversion and hostility against one another. And be fellow-brothers and servants of Allah.


Book 032, Number 6215:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Don’t have estranged relations (with the others) and don’t nurse enmity and don’t enter into a transaction when the other (has already entered) and be fellow-brothers and servants of Allah.


Book 032, Number 6216:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying. Don’t nurse malice against one another, don’t nurse aversion against one another and don’t be inquisitive about one another and don’t outbid one another (with a view to raising the price) and be fellow-brothers and servants of Allah.


Book 032, Number 6217:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of A’mash with the same chain of transmit ters (and the words are):” Don’t sever relations of kinship, don’t bear enmity against one another, don’t bear aversion against one another and don’t feel envy against the other and live as fellow-brothers as Allah has commanded you.


Book 032, Number 6218:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Don’t bear aversion against one another and don’t be jealous of one another and be servants of Allah.


Chapter 8: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO PERPETRATE ATROCITY UPON A MUSLIM, TO HUMILIATE HIM, TO INSULT HIM, AND INVIOLABLE IS HIS BLOOD, HONOUR AND WEALTH


Book 032, Number 6219:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Don’t nurse grudge and don’t bid him out for raising the price and don’t nurse aversion or enmity and don’t enter into a transaction when the others have entered into that transaction and be as fellow-brothers and servants of Allah. A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim. He neither oppresses him nor humiliates him nor looks down upon him. The piety is here, (and while saying so) he pointed towards his chest thrice. It is a serious evil for a Muslim that he should look down upon his brother Muslim. All things of a Muslim are inviolable for his brother in faith: his blood, his wealth and his honour.


Book 032, Number 6220:

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abu Huraira with some addition (and it is this):” Verily Allah does not look to your bodies nor to your faces but He looks to your hearts,” and he pointed towards the heart with his fingers.


Book 032, Number 6221:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upqn him) as saying: Verily Allah does not look to your faces and your wealth but He looks to your heart and to your deeds.


Chapter 9: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO NURSE RANCOUR


Book 032, Number 6222:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The gates of Paradise are not opened but on two days, Monday and Thursday. and then every servant (of Allah) is granted pardon who does not associate anything with Allah except the person in whose (heart) there is rancour against his brother. And it would be said: Look towards both of them until there is reconciliation; look toward both of them until there is reconciliation; look towards both of them until there is reconciliation. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Suhail who narrated it on the authority of his father with the chain of transmitters of MaIik, but with this variation of wording:, (Those would not be granted pardon) who bycott each other.”


Book 032, Number 6223:

Abu Huraira reported it as a marfu’ hadith (and the words are): The deeds are presented on every Thursday and Friday and Allah, the Exalted and Glorious. grants pardon to every person who does not associate anything with Allah except the person in whose (heart) there is rancour against his brother. It would be said: Put both of them off until they are reconciled.


Book 032, Number 6224:

Abu Huraim reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying The deeds of people would be presented every week on two days, viz. Monday and Thursday, and every believing servant would be granted pardon except the one in whose (heart) there is rancour against his brother and it would he said: Leave them and put them off until they are turned to reconciliation.


Chapter 10: MERIT OF LOVE FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH


Book 032, Number 6225:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Verily. Allah would say on the Day of Resurrection: Where are those who have mutual love for My Glory’s sake? Today I shall shelter them in My shadow when there is no other shadow but the shadow of Mine.


Book 032, Number 6226:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: A person visited his brother in another town and Allah deputed an Angel to wait for him on his way and when he came to him he said: Where do you intend to go? He said: I intend to go to my brother in this town. He said: Have you done any favour to him (the repayment of which you intend to get)? He said: No, excepting this that I love Mm for the sake of Allah, the Exalted and Glorious. Thereupon he said: I am a meesenger to you from, Allah: (to inform you) that Allah loves you as you love him (for His sake) This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Hammid b. Salama with the same of transmitters.


Chapter 11: MERIT OF VISITING THE SICK


Book 032, Number 6227:

Abu Rabi’ reported directly from Allah’s Apostle (may peace upon him) as saying: The one who visits the sick is in fact like one who is in the fruit garden of Paradise so long as he does not return.


Book 032, Number 6228:

Thauban, the freed slave of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: He who visits the sick continues to remain in the fruit garden of Paradise until he returns.


Book 032, Number 6229:

Thauban reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Verily, when a Muslim visits his brother in Islam he is supposed to remain in the fruit garden of Paradise until he returns.


Book 032, Number 6230:

Thauban, the freed slave of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who visits the sick is supposed to remain in the fruit garden of Paradise. It was said: Allah’s Messenger, what is this Khurfat-ul-jannah? He said: It is a place abounding in fruits.


Book 032, Number 6231:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Asim al-Ahwal with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6232:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Verily, Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, would say on the Day of Resurrection: O son of Adam, I was sick but you did not visit Me. He would say: O my Lord; how could I visit Thee whereas Thou art the Lord of the worlds? Thereupon He would say: Didn’t you know that such and such servant of Mine was sick but you did not visit him and were you not aware of this that if you had visited him, you would have found Me by him? O son of Adam, I asked food from you but you did not feed Me. He would say: My Lord, how could I feed Thee whereas Thou art the Lord of the worlds? He said: Didn’t you know that such and such servant of Mine asked food from you but you did not feed him, and were you not aware that if you had fed him you would have found him by My side? (The Lord would again say: ) O son of Adam, I asked drink from you but you did not provide Me. He would say: My Lord, how could I provide Thee whereas Thou art the Lord of the worlds? Thereupon He would say: Such and such of servant of Mine asked you for a drink but you did not provide him, and had you provided him drink you would have found him near Me.


Chapter 12: WHENEVER A BELIEVER FALLS SICK OR IS STRICKEN WITH GRIEF OR SOMETHING LIKE IT, THERE IS A REWARD FOR HIM EVEN IF IT IS PRICKING OF A THORN


Book 032, Number 6233:

‘A’isha reported, I did not see anyone else being afflicted with more severe illness than Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). In the narration transmitted by ‘Uthman there is a slight variation of wording.


Book 032, Number 6234:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of A’mash through other chains of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6235:

‘Abdullah reported: I visited Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as he was running high temperature. I touched his body with my bard and said to him: Allah’s Messenger, you are running high temperature, whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Yes, it is so. I comparatively have a more severe fever than any one of you. I said: Is it because there is a double reward in store for you? Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Yes, it is so. And Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) again said: When a Muslim falls ill, his compensation is that his minor sins are obliterated just as leaves tall (in autumn). In the hadith transmitted on the authority of Zubair there is (no mention of these words):” I touched his body with my hands.”


Book 032, Number 6236:

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of jarir and the hadith transmitted on the authority of Abu Mu’awiya there is an addition of these words: He said: Yes, by Him in Whose Hand is my life, there is no Muslim upon the earth.” The rest of the hadith is the same.


Book 032, Number 6237:

Aswad reported that some young men from the Quraish visited ‘A’isha as she was in Mina and they were laughing. She said: What makes you laugh? They said: Such and such person stumbled against the rope of the tent and he was about to break his neck or lose his eyes. She said: Don’t laugh for I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: If a Muslim runs a thorn or (gets into trouble) severe than this, there is assured for him (a higher) rank and his sins are obliterated.


Book 032, Number 6238:

‘A’isha reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: A believer does not receive (the trouble) of running a thorn or more than that but Allah elevates him in rank or effaces his sins because of tbat.


Book 032, Number 6239:

‘A’isha reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: A believer does not undergo (the trouble) of running a thorn or more than that when Allah effaces his sins.


Book 032, Number 6240:

‘A’isha said: No trouble comes to a believer even if it is the pricking of a thorn that it becomes (the means) whereby his sins are effaced or his sins are obliterated. Yazid says: He does not know which word ‘Urwa said (whether he said Qussa or Kuffira).


Book 032, Number 6241:

‘A’isha reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: There is nothing (in the form of trouble) that comes to a believer even if it is the pricking of a thorn that there is decreed for him by Allah good or his sins are obliterated.


Book 032, Number 6242:

Abu Sa’id and abu Huraira reported that they heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Never a believer is stricken with discomfort, hardship or illness, grief or even with mental worry that his sins are not expiated for him.


Book 032, Number 6243:

Abu Huraira reported that when this verse was revealed:” Whoever does evil will be requited for it”, and when this was conveyed to the Muslims they were greatly perturbed. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Be moderate and stand firm in trouble that falls to the lot of a Muslim (as that) is an expiation for him; even stumbling on the path or the prickin of a thorn (are an expiation for him). Muslim said that ‘Umar b. Abd al-Rahman Muhaisin was from amongst the people of Mecca.


Book 032, Number 6244:

Jabir b. Abdullah reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) visited Umm Sa’ib or Umm Musayyib and said: Umm Sa’ib or Umm Musayyib. why is it that you are shivering? She said:” It is fever and may it not be blessed by Allah, whereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Don’t curse fever for it expiates the sir of the posterity of Adam just as furnace removes the alloy of iron.


Book 032, Number 6245:

‘Ata’ b. Abi Rabih said: Ibn Abbas said to me: May I show you a woman of Paradise? I said: Yes. He said: Here is this dark-complexioned woman. She came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and said: I am suffering from falling sickness and I become naked; supplicate Allah for me, whereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Show endurance as you can do and there would be Paradise for you and, if you desire, I supplicate Allah that He may cure you. She said: I am prepared to show endurance (but the unbearable trouble is) that I become naked, so supplicate Allah that He should not let me become naked, so he supplicated for her.


Chapter 13: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO COMMIT OPPRESSION


Book 032, Number 6246:

Abu Dharr reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying that Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: My servants, I have made oppression unlawful for Me and unlawful for you, so do not commit oppression against one another. My servants, all of you are liable to err except one whom I guide on the right path, so seek right guidance from Me so that I should direct you to the right path. O My servants, all of you are hungry (needy) except one whom I feed, so beg food from Me, so that I may give that to you. O My servants, all of you are naked (need clothes) except one whom I provide garments, so beg clothes from Me, so that I should clothe you. O My servants, you commit error night and day and I am there to pardon your sins, so beg pardon from Me so that I should grant you pardon. O My servants, you can neither do Me any harm nor can you do Me any good. O My servants, even if the first amongst you and the last amongst you and even the whole of human race of yours, and that of jinns even, become (equal in) God-conscious like the heart of a single person amongst you, nothing would add to My Power. O My servants, even if the first amongst you and the last amongst you and the whole human race of yours and that of the Jinns too in unison become the most wicked (all beating) like the heart of a single person, it would cause no loss to My Power. O My servants, even if the first amongst you and the last amongst you and the whole human race of yours and that of jinns also all stand in one plain ground and you ask Me and I confer upon every person what he asks for, it would not. in any way, cause any loss to Me (even less) than that which is caused to the ocean by dipping the needle in it. My servants, these for you I shall reward you for thern, so he who deeds of yours which I am recording finds good should praise Allah and he who does not find that should not blame anyone but his ownself. Sa’id said that when Abu Idris Khaulini narrated this hadith he knelt upon his knees.


Book 032, Number 6247:

Abu Dharr reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying that he reported it from his Lord, the Exalted and Glorious: Verily I have made oppression unlawful for Me and for My servants too, so do not commit oppression. The rest of the hadith is the same.


Book 032, Number 6248:

Jabir b. Abdullah reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Be on your guardagainst committing oppression, for oppression is a darkness on the Day of Resurrection, and be on your guard against pettimindedness for pettimindedness destroyed those who were before you, as it incited them to shed blood and make lawful what was unlawful for them.


Book 032, Number 6249:

Ibu ‘Umar reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Oppression is the darkness on the Day of Resurrection.


Book 032, Number 6250:

Salim reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: A Muslim is the brother of a fellow-Muslim. He should neither commit oppression upon him nor ruin him, and he who meets the need of a brot’ier, Allah would meet big needs, and he who relieved a Muslim from hardship Allah would relieve him from the hardships to which he would be put on the Day of Resurrection, and he who did not expose (the follies of a Muslim) Allah would conceal his follies on the Day of Resurrection.


Book 032, Number 6251:

Abu Huraira. reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do you know who is poor? They (the Companions of the Holy Prophet) said: A poor man amongst us is one who has neither dirham with him nor wealth. He (the Holy Prophet) said: The poor of my Umma would be he who would come on the Day of Resurrecton with prayers and fasts and Zakat but (he would find himself bankrupt on that day as he would have exhausted his funds of virtues) since he hurled abuses upon others, brought calumny against others and unlawfully consumed the wealth of others and shed the blood of others and beat others, and his virtues would be credited to the account of one (who suffered at his hand). And if his good deeds fall short to clear the account, then his sins would be entered in (his account) and he would be thrown in the Hell-Fire.


Book 032, Number 6252:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The claimants would get their claims on the Day of Ressurection so much so that the hornless sheep would get its claim from the horned sheep.


Book 032, Number 6253:

Abu Musa reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, grants respite to the oppessor. But when He lays Hand upon him, He does not then let him off. Re (the Holy Prophet) then recited this verse:” Such is the chastisement of thy Lord when He chastises the towns (inhabited by) wrongdoing persons. Surely, His punishment is painful, severe” (xi. 103).


Chapter 14: HELP YOUR BROTHER WHETHER IIE IS AN OPPRESSOR OR AN OPPRESSED ONE


Book 032, Number 6254:

Jabir b. Abdullah reported that two young men, one from the Muhajirin (emigrants) and the other one from the Angr (helpers) fell into dispute and the Muhajir called his fellow Muhajirin, and the Ansari (the helper) called the Ansar (for help). In the meanwhile, Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) came there and said: What is this, the proclamation of the days of jahiliya (ignorance)? They said: Allah’s Messenger, there is nothing serious. The two young men fell into dispute and the one struck at the back of the other. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Well, a person should help his brother whether he is an oppressor or an oppressed. If he is the oppressor he should prevent him from doing it, for that is his help; and if he is the oppressed he should be helped (against oppression).


Book 032, Number 6255:

Jabir b. Abdullah reported: We were along with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) in an expedition that a person from amongst the emigrants struck at the back of a person from the Ansir. The Ansiri said: O Ansar! And the Muhijir said: O Emigrants! Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: What are these proclamations of the Days of Ignorance? They said: Allah’s Messenger, a person from the emigrants struck at the back of an Ansari, whereupon he said: It is something disgusting. ‘Abdullah b. Ubayy heard it and said: They have indeed done it. By Allah, when we would return to Medina the respectable amongst them (the Ansar) would turn away the mean (the emigrants). Thereupon ‘Umar said: Permit me so that I should strike the neck of this hypocrite. But he (the Holy Prophet) said: Leave him, the people may not say that Muhammad kills his companions.


Book 032, Number 6256:

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah reported that a person from the emigrants struck the back of an Ansari. He came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and asked for compensation. Thereupon Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: Leave it. for it is something disgusting. Ibn Mansur said that in the narration transmitted on the authority of Amr (these words are also found):” I heard Jabir.”


Chapter 15: THERE SHOULD BE MUTUAL FELLOW-FEELING AND LOVE AND THE WILL TO HELP EACH OTHER AMONGST THE BELIEVERS


Book 032, Number 6257:

Abu Musa reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: A believer is like a brick for another believer, the one supporting the other.


Book 032, Number 6258:

Nu’man b. Bashir reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The similitude of believers in regard to mutual love, affection, fellow-feeling is that of one body; when any limb of it aches, the whole body aches, because of sleeplessness and fever.


Book 032, Number 6259:

Nu’man b. Bashir reported a hadith like this from Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him).


Book 032, Number 6260:

Nu’man b. Bashir reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The believers are like one person; if his head aches, the whole body aches with fever and sleeplessness.


Book 032, Number 6261:

Nu’man b. Bashir reported that Muslims are like one body of a person; if the eye is sore, the whole body aches, and if the head aches, the whole body aches.


Book 032, Number 6262:

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of Nu’man b. Bashir through another chain of transmitters.


Chapter 16: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO INDULGE IN ABUSING


Book 032, Number 6263:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When two persons indulge in hurling (abuses) upon one another, it would be the first one who would be the sinner so long as the oppressed does not transgress the limits.


Chapter 17: THE MERITS OF FORGIVENESS AND HUMILITY


Book 032, Number 6264:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Charity does not in any way decrease the wealth and the servant who forgives Allah adds to his respect, and the one who shows humility Allah elevates him in the estimation (of the people).


Chapter 18: THE PROHIBITION OF BACKBITING


Book 032, Number 6265:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do you know what is backbiting? They (the Companions) said: Allah and His Messenger know best. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Backbiting implies your talking about your brother in a manner which he does not like. It was said to him: What is your opinion about this that if I actually find (that failing) in my brother which I made a mention of? He said: If (that failing) is actually found (in him) what you assert, you in fact backbited him, and if that is not in him it is a slander.


Chapter 19: TIDINGS FOR ONE WHOSE FAULTS ALLAH CONCEALED IN THIS WORLD; HE WILL ALSO CONCEAL HIS FAULTS IN THE HEREAFTER


Book 032, Number 6266:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: The servant (whose fault) Allah conceals in this world, Allah would also conceal (his faults) on the Day of Resurrection.


Book 032, Number 6267:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: The servant (who conceals) the faults of others in this world, Allah would conceal his faults on the Day of Resurrection.


Chapter 20: ACCORDING OF BENEVOLENT TREATMENT TO ONE FROM WHOM ONE EXPECTS TRANSGRESSION


Book 032, Number 6268:

A’isha reported that a person sought permission from Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) to see him. He said: Grant him permission. (and also added: ) He is a bad son of his tribe or he is a bad person of his tribe. When he came in he used kind words for him. ‘A’isha reported that she said: Allah’s Messenger, you said about him what you had to say and then you treated him with kindness. He said: A’isha, verily in the eye of Allah, worst amongst the person in rank on the Day of Resurrection is one whom the people abandon or desert out of the fear of indecency.


Book 032, Number 6269:

This hadith has been reported on the authority of Ibn Munkadir with the same chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of wording.


Chapter 21: MERIT OF BENEVOLENT TREATMENT


Book 032, Number 6270:

Jarir reported from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him): He who is deprived of tenderly feelings is in fact deprived of good.


Book 032, Number 6271:

Jarir reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who is deprived of tenderly feelings is in fact deprived of good.


Book 032, Number 6272:

Jarir b. ‘Abdullah reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who is deprived of tenderly feelings is in fact deprived of good and he who is deprived of tenderly feelings is in fact deprived of good.


Book 032, Number 6273:

‘A’isha, the wife of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: ‘A’isha, verily Allah is kind and He loves kindness and confers upon kindness which he does not confer upon severity and does not confer upon anything else besides it (kindness).


Book 032, Number 6274:

‘A’isha, the wife of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Kindness is not to be found in anything but that it adds to its beauty and it is not withdrawn from anything but it makes it defective.


Book 032, Number 6275:

This hadith has been reported by Miqdam b. Shuraih b. Hani with the same chain of transmitters but with this addition:” ‘A’isha mounted upon a wild camel and she began to make that go round and round. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: You should show kindness, and then he made a mention of this hadith.


Chapter 22: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO CURSE THE BEASTS


Book 032, Number 6276:

‘Imran b. Husain reported: We were with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) in some of his journeys and there was a woman from the Ansar riding a she-camel that it shied and she invoked curse upon that. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) heard it and said: Unload that and set it free for it is accursed. ‘Imran said: I still perceive that (dromedary) walking amongst people and none taking any notice of that.


Book 032, Number 6277:

‘Imran reported: I perceive as if I am looking towards that dromedary, and in the hadith transmitted on the authority of Thaqafi (the words are):” Unload it and make its back bare for it is accursed.”


Book 032, Number 6278:

Abu Burza al-Aslami reported that a slave-girl was riding a dromedary and there was also the luggage of people upon it. that she suddenly saw Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him). The way of the mountain was narrow and she said (to that dromedary): Go ahead (but that dromedary did not move). She (that slave-girl), out of anger, said: O Allah, let that (dromedary) be damned. Thereupon Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: Let the dromedary on which the curse has been invoked not proceed with us.


Book 032, Number 6279:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Sulaiman Taimi with the same chain of transmitters but with a variation of words (and that is):” By Allah, let that accompany us not which has been damned, or he said like it.”


Book 032, Number 6280:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: It does not seem proper for Siddiq that he should be an invoker of curse. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Kuraib with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6281:

Zaid b. Aslam reported that ‘Abd al-Malik b. Marwan sent some domestic goods for decoration to Umm Darda’ on his own behalf, and when it was night ‘Abd al-Malik got up and called for the servant. It seemed as if he (the servant) was late (in responding to his call), so he (‘Abd al-Malik) invoked curse upon him, and when it was morning Umm Darda’ said to him: I heard you cursing your servant during the night when you called him, and she said: I heard Abu Darda’ as saying that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: The invoker of curse would neither be intercessor nor witness on the Day of Resurrection.


Book 032, Number 6282:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Zaid b. Aslam with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6283:

Umm Darda’ reported on the authority of Abu Darda’ as saying: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The invoker of curse would neither be witness nor intercessor on the Day of Resurrection.


Book 032, Number 6284:

Abu Huraira reported it was said to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him): Invoke curse upon the polytheists, whereupon he said: I have not been sent as the invoker of curse, but” I have been sent as mercy.”


Chapter 23: HE UPON WHOM ALLAH’S APOSTLE (MAY PEACE BE UPON HIM) INVOKED CURSE WHEREAS HE IN FACT DID NOT DESERVE IT, IT WOULD BE A SOURCE OF REWARD AND MERCY FOR HIM


Book 032, Number 6285:

A’isha reported that two persons visited Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and both of them talked about a thing, of which I am not aware, but that annoyed him and he invoked curse upon both of them and hurled malediction, and when they went out I said: Allah’s Messenger, the good would reach everyone but it would not reach these two. He said: Why so? I said: Because you have invoked curse and hurled malediction upon both of them. He said: Don’t you know that I have made condition with my Lord saying thus: O Allah, I am a human being and that for a Muslim upon whom I invoke curse or hurl malediction make it a source of purity and reward.


Book 032, Number 6286:

This hadith has been reported on the authority of A’mash with the same chain of transmitters and the hadith transmitted on the authority of ‘Isa (the words are):” He had a private meeting with them and hurled malediction upon them and cursed them and sent them out.”


Book 032, Number 6287:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: O Allah, I am a human being and for any person amongst Muslims upon whom I hurl malediction or invoke curse or give him whipping make it a source of purity and mercy.


Book 032, Number 6288:

Jabir reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) a hadith like it but with a slight variation of wording.


Book 032, Number 6289:

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of A’mash and in the hadith transmitted on the authority of ‘Isa the words are: Make it a source of reward, and in the hadith transmitted on the authority of Abu Huraira (the words are):” Make it a source of mercy.”


Book 032, Number 6290:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: O Allah, I make a covenant with Thee against which Thou wouldst never go. I am a human being and thus for a Muslim whom I give any harm or whom I scold or upon whom I invoke curse or whom I beat, make this a source of blessing, purification and nearness to Thee on the Day of Resurrection.


Book 032, Number 6291:

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abu Zinad with a slight variation of wording.


Book 032, Number 6292:

A hadith like this has been reported on the authority of Abu Huraira through another chain of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6293:

Salim, the freed slave of Nasriyyin, said: I heard Abu Huraira as saying that he heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: O Allah, Muhammad is a human being. I lose my temper just as human beings lose temper, and I have held a covenant with Thee which Thou wouldst not break: For a believer whom I give any trouble or invoke curse or beat, make that an expiation (of his sins and a source of) his nearness to Thee on the Day of Resurrection.


Book 032, Number 6294:

Abu Huraira reported that he heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: O Allah, for any believing servant whom I curse make that as a source of nearness to Thee on the Day of Resurrection.


Book 032, Number 6295:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: I have held covenant with Thee which Thou wouldst not break, so for any believer whom I curse or beat, make that an expiation on the Day of Resurrection.


Book 032, Number 6296:

Jabir b. Abdullah reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: I am a human being and I have made this term with my Lord, the Exalted and Glorious: For any servant amongst Muslims whom I curse or scold, make that a source of purity and reward. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ibn Juraij with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6297:

Anas b. Malik reported that there was an orphan girl with Umm Sulaim (who was the mother of Anas). Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) saw that orphan girl and said: O, it is you; you have grown young. May you not advance in years! That slave-girl returned to Umm Sulaim weeping. Umm Sulaim said: O daughter, what is the matter with you? She said: Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) has invoked curse upon me that I should not grow in age and thus I would never grow in age, or she said, in my (length) of life. Umm Sulaim went out wrapping her head-dress hurriedly until she met Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). He said to her: Umm Sulaim, what is the matter with you? She said: Allah’s Apostle, you invoked curse upon my orphan girl. He said: Umm Sulaim, what is that? She said: She (the orphan girl) states you have cursed her saying that she might not grow in age or grow in life. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) smiled and then said: Umm Sulaim, don’t you know that I have made this term with my Lord. And the term with my Lord is that I said to Him: 1 am a human being and I am pleased just as a human being is pleased and I lose temper just as a human being loses temper, so for any person from amongst my Ummah whom I curse and he in no way deserves it, let that, O Lord, be made a source of purification and purity and nearness to (Allah) on the Day of Resurrection.


Book 032, Number 6298:

Ibn Abbas reported: I was playing with children that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) happened to pass by (us). I hid myself behind the door. He (the Holy Prophet) came and he patted upon my shoulders and said: Go and call Mu’awiya. I returned and said: He is busy in taking food. He again asked me to go and call Mu’swiya to him. I went (and came back) and said that he was busy in taking food, whereupon he said: May Allah not fill his belly! Ibn Muthanna, said: I asked Umm Umayya what he meant by the word Hatani. He said: It means” he patted my shoulders”.


Book 032, Number 6299:

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Ibn Abbas with a slight variation of wording.


Chapter 24: THE CONDEMNATION OF ONE WHO PLAYS A DOUBLE GAME AND THE PROHIBITION OF THIS BEHAVIOUR


Book 032, Number 6300:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The worst amongst the people is the double-faced one; he comes to some people with one face and to others with the other face.


Book 032, Number 6301:

Abu Huraira reported that he heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The worst amongst people is one with the double face. He comes to some people with one face and to others with the other face.


Book 032, Number 6302:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: You will find the worst amongst the people one having double face. He comes to some people with one face and to the others with the other face.


Chapter 25: FORBIDDANCE OF TELLING A LIE AND THE CASES IN WHICH TELLING OF LIE IS PERMISSIBLE


Book 032, Number 6303:

Humaid b. ‘Abd al-Rahman b. ‘Auf reported that his mother Umm Kulthum daughter of ‘Uqba b. Abu Mu’ait, and she was one amongst the first emigrants who pledged allegiance to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), as saying that she heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: A liar is not one who tries to bring reconciliation amongst people and speaks good (in order to avert dispute), or he conveys good. Ibn Shihab said he did not hear that exemption was granted in anything what the people speak as lie but in three cases: in battle, for bringing reconciliation amongst persons and the narration of the words of the husband to his wife, and the narration of the words of a wife to her husband (in a twisted form in order to bring reconciliation between them).


Book 032, Number 6304:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ibn Shihab with the same chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of wording.


Book 032, Number 6305:

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Zuhri with a slight variation of wording.


Chapter 26: SERIOUS PROHIBITION OF TALE-CARRYING


Book 032, Number 6306:

‘Abdullah b. Mas’ud reported that Muhammad (may peace be upon him) said: Should I inform you that slandering, that is in fact a tale-carrying which creates dissension amongst people, (and) he (further) said: The person tells the truth until he is recorded as truthful, and lie tells a lie until lie is recorded as a liar.


Chapter 27: THE EVIL OF A LIE AND THE GOODNESS OF TRUTH AND ITS MERIT


Book 032, Number 6307:

‘Abdullah reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Truth leads one to Paradise and virtue leads one to Paradise and the person tells the truth until he is recorded as truthful, and lie leads to obscenity and obscenity leads to Hell, and the person tells a lie until he is recorded as a liar.


Book 032, Number 6308:

‘Abdullah b. Mas’ud reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Telling of truth is a virtue and virtue leads to Paradise and the servant who endeavours to tell the truth is recorded as truthful, and lie is obscenity and obscenity leads to Hell-Fire, and the servant who endeavours to tell a lie is recorded as a liar. Ibn Abu Shaiba reported this from Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him).


Book 032, Number 6309:

‘Abdullah reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: It is obligatory for you to tell the truth, for truth leads to virtue and virtue leads to Paradise, and the man who continues to speak the truth and endeavours to tell the truth is eventually recorded as truthful with Allah, and beware of telling of a lie for telling of a lie leads to obscenity and obscenity leads to Hell-Fire, and the person who keeps telling lies and endeavours to tell a lie is recorded as a liar with Allah.


Book 032, Number 6310:

This hadith has been reported on the authority of A’mash with the same chain of transmitters and no mention is made in the hadith transmitted on the authority of ‘Isa (of these words):” He who endeavours to tell the truth and endeavours to tell a lie,” and in the hadith transmitted on the authority of Mushir (the words are):” Until Allah records it”.


Chapter 28: THE MERIT OF SELF-CONTROL AT THE TIME OF ANGER


Book 032, Number 6311:

Abdullah b. Mas’ud reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Whom do you count as” Raqub” amongst you? They (his Companions) said: One who has no children (the children are born unto him but they do not survive). Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: He is not a Raqub but Raqub is one who does not find his child as the forerunner (in Paradise). He then said: Whom do you count as a wrestler amongst you? We said: He who wrestles with persons. He said: No, it is not he but one who controls himself when in a fit of rage.


Book 032, Number 6312:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of A’mash with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6313:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The strong-man is not one who wrestles well but the strong man is one who controls himself when he is in a fit of rage.


Book 032, Number 6314:

Abu Huraira reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: One is not strong because of one’s wrestling skillfully. They said: Allah’s Messenger, then who is strong? He said: He who controls his anger when he is in a fit of rage.


Book 032, Number 6315:

This hadith has been reported on the authority of Abu Huraira through another chain of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6316:

Sulaiman b. Surad reported that two persons abused each other in the presence of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and the eyes of one of them became red as embers and the veins of his neck were swollen. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: I know of a wording, if he were to utter that, his fit of rage (would be no more and that wording is): I seek refuge with Allah from Satan the accursed. The person said: Do you find any madness in me? Ibn al-‘Ala’ said: Do you see it? And he made no mention of the person.


Book 032, Number 6317:

Sulaiman b. Surad reported that two persons abused each other in the presence of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and one of them fell into a rage and his face became red. Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) saw him and said: I know of a wording; if he were to utter that, he would get out (of the fit of anger) (and the wording is): I seek refuge with Allah from Satan, the accursed. Thereupon, a person went to him who had heard that from Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and said to him: Do you know what Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said? He (the Holy Prophet) said: I know of a wording; if he were to say that, (the fit) would be no more (and the words are): I seek refuge with Allah from Satan, the accursed. And the person said to him: Do you find me mad?


Book 032, Number 6318:

This hadith has been reported on the authority of A’mash with the same chain of transmitters.


Chapter 29: IT IS THE VERY NATURE OF MAN THAT HE LOSES CONTROL


Book 032, Number 6319:

Anas reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When Allah fashioned Adam in Paradise, He left him as He liked him to leave. Then Iblis roamed round him to see what actually that was and when he found him hollow from within, he recognised that he had been created with a disposition that he would not have control over himself.


Book 032, Number 6320:

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of Humaid with the same chain of transmitters.


Chapter 30: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO STRIKE AT THE FACE


Book 032, Number 6321:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When any one of you fights with his brother he should avoid striking at the face.


Book 032, Number 6322:

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abu Zinad and he said:” When one amongst you strikes (at the face).”


Book 032, Number 6323:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: When any one of you fights with his brother, he should spare his face.


Book 032, Number 6324:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When any one of you fights with his brother, he should not slap at the face.


Book 032, Number 6325:

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abu Huraira and in the hadith transmitted on the authority of Ibn Hatim Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) is reported to have said: When any one of you fights with his brother, he should avoid his face for Allah created Adam in His own image.


Book 032, Number 6326:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When any one of you fights with his brother, he should avoid the face.


Chapter 31: GRIM WARNING TO ONE WHO TORMENTS PEOPLE WITHOUT ANY VALID JUSTIFICATION


Book 032, Number 6327:

‘Urwa reported on the authority of his father that Hisham b. Hakim b. Hizam happened to pass by some people in Syria who had been made to stand in the sun and olive-oil was being poured upon their heads. He said: What is this? It was said: They are being punished for (not paying) the Kharaj (the government revenue). Thereupon he said: Allah would punish those who torment people in this world (without any genuine reason).


Book 032, Number 6328:

Hisham reported on the authority of his father that Hisham b. Hakim b. Hizam happened to pass by people, the farmers of Syria, who had been made to stand in the sun. He said: What is the matter with them? They said: They have been detained for Jizya. Thereupon Hisham said: I bear testimony to the fact that I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Allah would torment those who torment people in the world.


Book 032, Number 6329:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Hisham with the same chain of transmitters and he made this addition of Jarir that (Hisham b. Hakim) went to Umair b. Sa’d who was then ruler in Palestine and he narrated to him this hadith and he (submitting before the words of the Prophet) commanded that they should be let off and so they were let off.


Book 032, Number 6330:

‘Urwa b. Zubair reported that Hisham b. Hakim found a person (the ruler of Hims) who had been detaining some Nabateans in connection with the dues of Jizya. He said: What is this? I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Allah would torment those persons who torment people in the world.


Chapter 32: HE WHO GOES IN THE MOSQUE OR IN THE BAZAR OR A PLACE OF GATHERING LIKE IT WITH A WEAPON SHOULD SEE THAT THE SPEARHEAD DOES NOT HARM ANYONE


Book 032, Number 6331:

‘Amr heard Jabir as saying: A person happened to come to the mosque with an arrow; thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to him: Take hold of its pointed head.


Book 032, Number 6332:

Jabir b. Abdullah reported that a person happened to come to the mosque with arrows and their iron-ends were exposed, so he was commanded that he should grasp the pointed heads so that these might not do any harm to a Muslim.


Book 032, Number 6333:

Jabir reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) commanded a person who had been distributing arrows freely in the mosque that he should not move about in the mosque but by catching hold of their iron-heads. Ibn Rumh narrated this with a slight variation of wording.


Book 032, Number 6334:

Abd Musa reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: When any one of you happens to go to a meeting or the bazar with an arrow in his hand he must grasp its pointed head; then (he again said): He must grasp its pointed head. Abu Musa said: By Allah, we did not court death until some of us had flung arrows upon the faces of one another.


Book 032, Number 6335:

Abu Musa reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) assaying: He who amongst you moves in the mosque or in the bazar and there is an arrow with him he should take hold of its iron-head in his palm, so that none amongst the Muslims should receive any injury from it, or he said, should catch its iron-head.


Chapter 33: THE PROHIBITION OF POINTING A WEAPON TOWARDS A MUSLIM


Book 032, Number 6336:

Abu Huraira reported: Abu’l-Qasim (the kunya of Allah’s Messenger, may peace be upon him), said: He who pointed a weapon towards his brother the angels invoke curse upon him even if he is his real brother so long as he does not abandon it (the pointing of weapon towards one’s brother Muslim).


Book 032, Number 6337:

Abu Huraira reported a hadith like this from Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) through another chain of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6338:

Abu Huraira reported a hadith from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) ; (one of them was this) that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: None amongst you should point a weapon towards his brother, for he does not know that Satan might cause the weapon (to slip) from his hand and (he may injure anyone) and thus he may fall into Hell-Fire.


Chapter 34: THE MERIT OF REMOVING OF ANYTHING TROUBLESOME FROM THE PATH


Book 032, Number 6339:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: While a person was going along the path he found a thorny branch upon it. He pushed it to a side and Allah approved (this action) of his and (as a mark of appreciation) granted him pardon.


Book 032, Number 6340:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: A person while walking along the path saw the branches of a tree lying there. He said: By Allah, I shall remove these from this so that these may not do harm to the Muslims, and he was admitted to Paradise.


Book 032, Number 6341:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying that he saw a person enjoying himself in Paradise because of the tree that he cut from the path which was a source of inconvenience to the people.


Book 032, Number 6342:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying that there was a tree which caused inconvenience to the Muslims; a person came there and cut that (tree) (and thus entered ) Paradise).


Book 032, Number 6343:

Abu Barza reported: I said: Allah’s Messenger, teach me something so that I may derive benefit from it. He said: Remove the troublesome thing from the paths of the Muslims.


Book 032, Number 6344:

Abu Barza reported that he said to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him): Allah’s Messenger, I do not know whether I would survive after you, so confer upon me something by which Allah should benefit me. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Do this and that and remove the troublesome things from the paths.


Chapter 35: FORBIDDANCE OF TORMENTING THE CAT OR THE ANIMALS LIKE THAT WHICH DO NOT HARM


Book 032, Number 6345:

Abdullah reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: A woman was tormented because of a cat which she had confined until it died and she had to get into Hell. She did not allow it either to eat or drink as it was confined, nor did she free it so that it might eat the insects of the earth.


Book 032, Number 6346:

This hadith has been reported on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar through another chain of transmitters. And Ibn ‘Umar reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: A woman was tormented because of a cat which she had tied and thus allowed it neither to eat or drink nor set it free so that it might eat the insects of the earth.


Book 032, Number 6347:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira through another chain of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6348:

Abu Huraira reported from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) A hadith out of which one was this that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: A woman got into Hell-Fire because of a cat whom she had tied, and thus it could not eat, and she did not let it free so that it could devour the insects of the earth, until it died.


Chapter 36: THE PROHIBITION OF PRIDE AND VANITY


Book 032, Number 6349:

Abu Sa’id Khudri and Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: Glory is His lower garment and Majesty is His cloak and (Allah says, ) He who contends with Me in regard to them I shall torment him.


Chapter 37: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO BECOME FRUSTRATED IN REGARD TO THE MERCY OF ALLAH


Book 032, Number 6350:

Jundub reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) stated that a person said: Allah would not forgive such and such (person). Thereupon Allah the Exalted and Glorious, said: Who is he who adjures about Me that I would not grant pardon to so and so; I have granted pardon to so and so and blotted out his deeds (who took an oath that I would not grant pardon to him).


Chapter 38: THE MERITS OF THE WEAK AND DOWNTRODDEN PEOPLE


Book 032, Number 6351:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace he upon him) as saying: Many a person with disheveled hair and covered with dust is turned away from the doors (whereas he is held in such a high esteem by Allah) that if he were to adjure in the name of Allah (about anything) Allah would fulfil that.


Chapter 39: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO USE THE EXPRESSION:” THE PEOPLE ARE UNDONE”


Book 032, Number 6352:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When a person says that people are ruined he is himself ruined. Abu Ishaq said: I do not know whether he said” ahlakahum or ahlakuhum.


Book 032, Number 6353:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Suhail with the same chain of transmitters.


Chapter 40: BENEVOLENT TREATMENT TOWARDS THE NEIGHBOUR


Book 032, Number 6354:

‘A’isha reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Gabriel impressed upon me (kind treatment) towards the neighbour (so much) that I thought as if he would confer upon him the (right) of inheritance.


Book 032, Number 6355:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of ‘A’isha through another chain of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6356:

Ibn Umar reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Gabriel impressed upon me (the kind treatment) towards the neighbour (so much) that I thought as if he would soon confer upon him the (right) of inheritance.


Book 032, Number 6357:

Abu Dharr reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Abu Dharr, when you prepare the broth, add water to that and give that (as a present) to your neighbour.


Book 032, Number 6358:

Abu Dharr reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) commanded me thus: Whenever you prepare a broth, add water to it, and have in your mind the members of the household of your neighbours and then give them out of this with courtesy.


Chapter 41: EXCELLENCE OF MEETING ONE WITH A CREERFUL COUNTENANCE


Book 032, Number 6359:

Abu Dharr reported: Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said to me: Don’t consider anything insignificant out of good things even if it is that you meet your brother with a cheerful countenance.


Chapter 42: THE MERIT OF RECOMMENDATION WHICH INVOLVES NOTHING UNLAWFUL


Book 032, Number 6360:

Abu Musa reported that when any needy (person) came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) with a need he commanded him to his Companions, saying: Make a recommendation for him, and you would get the reward. Allah, however, gives the verdict through the tongue of His Apostle what He likes most.


Chapter 43: THE MERIT OF GOOD COMPANY AND AVOIDANCE FROM EVIL COMPANY


Book 032, Number 6361:

Abu Musa reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The similitude of good company and that of bad company is that of the owner of musk and of the one (iron-smith) blowing bellows, and the owner of musk would either offer you free of charge or you would buy it from him or you would. smell its pleasant odour, and so far as one who blows the. bellows is concerned, he would either burn your clothes or you shall have to smell its repugnant smell.


Chapter 44: THE MERIT OF ACCORDING BENEVOLENT TREATMENT TO DAUGHTERS


Book 032, Number 6362:

‘A’isha, the wife of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), said: A woman came to me along with her two daughters. She asked me for (charity) but she found nothing with me except one date, so I gave her that. She accepted it and then divided it between her two daughters and herself ate nothing out of that. She then got up and went out, and so did her two daughters. (In the meanwhile) Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) visited me and I narrated to him her story. Thereupon Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: He who is involved (in the responsibility) of (bringing up) daughters, and he accords benevolent treatment towards them, there would be protection for him against Hell-Fire.


Book 032, Number 6363:

‘A’isha reported: A poor woman came to me along with her daughters. I gave her three dates. She gave a date to each of them and then she took up one date and brought that to her mouth in order to eat that, but her daughters expressed desire to eat it. She then divided the date that she intended to eat between them. This (kind) treatment of her impressed me and I mentioned that which she did to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). Thereupon he said: Verily Allah has assured Paradise for her, because of (this act) of her, or He has rescued her from Hell-Fire.


Book 032, Number 6364:

Malik reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He, who brought up two girls properly till they grew up, he and I would come (together) (very closely) on the Day of Resurrection, and he interlaced his fingers (for explaining the point of nearness between him and that person).


Chapter 45: THE MERIT OF ONE WHO RESIGNS HIMSELF TO THE WILL OF GOD CALMLY AT THE TIME OF THE DEATH OF ONE’S SON


Book 032, Number 6365:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Anyone amongst the Muslims, three of whose children die, and he resigns himself calmly to the will of God, Fire will not touch him but for the fulfilment of the oath.


Book 032, Number 6366:

This hadith has been reported by Zuhri on the authority of Malik, and in the hadith transmitted on the authority of Sufyan (the words are):” He would enter into Fire, except for the fulfilment of the oath.”


Book 032, Number 6367:

Abu Huraira reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to a woman of the Ansar: In case anyone amongst you sees the sad demise of three children of (hers) and she resigns herself to the will of God hoping to get reward, she would be admitted to Paradise. A woman from amongst them said: Allah’s Messenger, even if they (the children who die) are two. Thereupon, he (the Holy Prophet, ) said: Even if they are two.


Book 032, Number 6368:

Abu Sa’id Khudri reported that a woman came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and said: Allah’s Messenger, men receive your instructions; kindly allocate at your convenience a day for us also, on which we would come to you and you would teach us what Allah has taught you. He said: You assemble on such and such a day. They assembled and Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) came to them and taught them what Allah had taught him and he then said: No woman amongst you who sends her three children as her forerunners (in the Hereafter) but they would serve him as a protection against Hell-Fire. A woman said: What about two and two and two? Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Even if they are two and two and two.


Book 032, Number 6369:

Abu Huraira reported that he (the Holy Prophet) said: Three (children) who die in childhood.


Book 032, Number 6370:

Abu Hassan reported: I said to Abu Huraira that my two children had died. Would you narrate to me anything from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) a hadith which would soothe our hearts in our bereavements? He said: Yes. Small children are the fowls of Paradise. If one of them meets his father (or he said his parents) he would take hold of his cloth, or he said with his hand as I take hold of the hem of your cloth (with my hand). And he (the child) would not take off (his hand) from it until Allah causes his father to enter Paradise. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Tamim with the same chain of transmitters. And he is reported to have said: Did you hear from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) anything which may soothe our heart in our bereavements? He said: Yes.


Book 032, Number 6371:

Abu Huraira reported that a woman came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) with her child and said: Allah’s Apostle, invoke Allah’s blessing upon him for I have already buried three. He said: You have buried three! She said: Yes. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: You have, indeed, safeguarded yourself against the torment of Hell with a strong safeguard. ‘Umar has made a mention of his father, whereas others have not made a mention of his father.


Book 032, Number 6372:

Abu Huraira reported that a woman came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) with her child and said: Allah’s Messenger, he is ailing, and I am afraid (that he may die), as I have already buried three. Thereupon he said: It (their sad demise) would be a protection against Hell-Fire for you. Zuhair has not mentioned the kunya of Abu Ghiyath; he has mentioned his name.


Chapter 46: WHEN ALLAH LOVES A SERVANT, HIS FELLOW-SERVANTS ALSO BEGIN TO LOVE HIM


Book 032, Number 6373:

Abu Huraira reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: When Allah loves a servant, He calls Gabriel and says: Verily, I so and so; you should also love him, and then Gabriel begins to love him. Then he makes an announcement in the heaven saying: Allah loves so and so and you also love him, and then the inhabitants of the Heaven (the Angels) also begin to love him and then there is conferred honour upon him in the earth; and when Allah is angry with any servant He calls Gabriel and says: I am angry with such and such and you also become angry with him, and then Gabriel also becomes angry and then makes an announcement amongst the inhabitants of heaven: Verily Allah is angry with so-and so, so you also become angry with him, and thus they also become angry with him. Then he becomes the object of wrath on the earth also.


Book 032, Number 6374:

This hadith has been reported on the authority of Suhail with the same chain of transmitters except with this variation that in the hadith transmitted on the authority of ‘Ali’ b. Musayyib, there is no mention of (the word)” Anger”.


Book 032, Number 6375:

Suhail b. Abi Salih, reported: We were in Arafa that there happened to pass Umar b. Abd al-‘Aziz and he was the Amir of Hajj. People stood up in order to catch a glimpse of him. I said to my father: Father, I think that Allah loves Umar b. Abd al- ‘Aziz. He said: How is it? I said: It is because of the love in people’s heart for him. Thereupon he said: By One Who created your father, I heard Abu Huraira narrating from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) a hadith like one transmitted on the authority of Suhail.


Chapter 47: SOULS ARE TROOPS COLLECTED TOGETHER


Book 032, Number 6376:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) Saying: Souls are troops collected together and those who familiarised with each other (in the heaven from where these come) would have affinity, with one another (in the world) and those amongst them who opposed each other (in the Heaven) would also be divergent (in the world).


Book 032, Number 6377:

Abu Huraira narrated directly from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) that he said: People are like mines of gold and silver; those who were excellent in Jahiliya (during the days of ignorance) are excellent In Islam, when they have, an understanding, and the souls are troops collected together and those who had a mutual familiarity amongst themselves in the store of prenatal existence would have affinity amongst them, (in this world also) and those who opposed one of them, would be at variance with one another.


Chapter 48: A PERSON WOULD BE ALONG WITH HIM WHOM HE LOVES


Book 032, Number 6378:

Anas b. Malik reported that a desert Arab said to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him): When would be the Last Hour? Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: What preparation have you made for that? Thereupon he said: The love of Allah and of His Messenger (that is my preparation for the Last Hour) (for the Day of Resurrection). Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: You would be along with one whom you love.


Book 032, Number 6379:

Anas reported that a person said to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him): When would be the Last Hour? He (the Holy Prophet) said: What preparation have you made for that? And he gave no details, but said: I love Allah and His Messenger. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: You would be along with one whom you love. Anas b. Malik reported through another chain of transmitters that a desert Arab came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon, him), the rest of the hadith is the same but with this variation that he said: I have not made much preparations which merit appreciation for myself.


Book 032, Number 6380:

Anas b. Malik reported that a person came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and said to Allah’s Messenger: When would be the Last Hour? Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: What preparation have you made for the Last Hour? He said: The love of Allah and of His Messenger (is my only preparation). Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: You would be along with one whom you love. Anas said: Nothing pleased us more after accepting Islam than the words of Allah’s Apostle: You would be along with one whom you love. And Anas said. I love Allah and His Messenger and Abu Bakr and Umar, and I hope that I would be along with them although I have not acted like them.


Book 032, Number 6381:

Anas b. Malik reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) this hadith through another chain of transmitters but he did not make mention of the words of Anas: I love, and what follows subsequently.


Book 032, Number 6382:

Anas b. Malik reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and I were coming out of the mosque that we met a person on the threshold of the mosque and he said to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him): When would be the Last Hour? Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: What preparation have you made for that? The man became silent and then said: Allah’s Messenger, I have made no significant preparation with prayer and fasting and charity but I, however, love Allah and His Messenger. Thereupon (the Holy Prophet) said: You would be along with one whom you love.


Book 032, Number 6383:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Anas through another chain of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6384:

This hadith has been reported on the authority of Anas with a different chain of transmitters.


Book 032, Number 6385:

‘Abdullah reported that a person came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and said to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him): What is your opinion about the person who loves the people but his (acts or deeds are not identical to theirs)? Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: A person would be along with one whom he loves.


Book 032, Number 6386:

A hadith like this has been transmitted on the authority of ‘Abdullah.


Book 032, Number 6387:

Abu Musa, reported that a person came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) ; the rest of the hadith is the same.


Chapter 49: WHEN A PIOUS PERSON IS PRAISED THAT IS GLAD TIDINGS FOR HIM


Book 032, Number 6388:

Abu Dharr reported: It was said to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him): What is your opinion about the person who has done good deeds and the people praise him? He said: It is glad tidings for a believer (which he has received in this mortal world).


Book 032, Number 6389:

This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters also and the one transmitted on the authority of Shu’ba (the words are):” People love him.” In the hadith transmitted on the authority of ‘Abd-us-Samad (the words are):” People praise him as stated by Hammad.”


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Sahih Muslim : Book 27: The Book Concerning the Use of Correct Words (Kitab Al-Alfaz min Al-Adab wa Ghairiha)

Translation of Sahih Muslim, Book 27:

The Book Concerning the Use of Correct Words (Kitab Al-Alfaz min Al-Adab wa Ghairiha)


Chapter 1: PROHIBITION OF ABUSING TIME (DAHR)


Book 027, Number 5580:

Abu Huraira reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: The son of Adam abuses Dahr (the time), whereas I am Dahr since in My hand are the day and the night.


Book 027, Number 5581:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: The son of Adam displeases Me by abusing Dahr (time), whereas I am Dahr–I alternate the night and the day.


Book 027, Number 5582:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said: The son of Adam causes Me pain as he says: Woe be upon the Time. None of you should say this: Woe be upon the Time, as I am the Time (because) I alternate the day and the night, and when I wish I can finish them up.


Book 027, Number 5583:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: None of you should say: Woe be upon the Time, for verily Allah is the Time.


Book 027, Number 5584:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not abuse Time, for it is Allah Who is the Time.


Chapter 2: DISAPPROVAL OF NAMING THE VINE AS A KARM


Book 027, Number 5585:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: None of you should abuse Time for it is Allah Who is the Time, and none of you should call ‘Inab (grape) as al-karm, for karm is a Muslim person.


Book 027, Number 5586:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not use the word karm (for wine) for worthy of respect is the heart of a believer.


Book 027, Number 5587:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not name grape as karm, for worthy of respect is a Muslim.


Book 027, Number 5588:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: None of you should use the word al-harin (for grape) for the heart of a believer is karm (worthy of respect).


Book 027, Number 5589:

Abu Huraira reported from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) various ahadith, one of which is this that he said: None of you should use the word al-karm for ‘Inab, for karm (worthy of respect) is a Muslim person.


Book 027, Number 5590:

‘Alqama b. Wa’il reported, from his father, Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) having said: Do not say al-karm (for the word vine) but say al-habala (that is grape). This hadith has been reported by Alqama b. Wa’il on the authority of his father with a different chain of transmitters and with a slight variation of wording.


Chapter 3: THE PROPER USE OF THE WORDS: BONDMAN, SLAVE-GIRL, AL-MAULA AND AS-SAYYID


Book 027, Number 5591:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: None of you should say: My bondman and my slave-girl, for all of you are the bondmen of Allah, and all your women are the slave-girls of Allah; but say: My servant, my girl, and my young man and my young girl.


Book 027, Number 5592:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: None of you should say: My bondman, for all of you are the bondmen of Allah, but say: My young man, and the servant should not say: My Lord, but should say: My chief.


Book 027, Number 5593:

This hadith has been reported on the authority of al-A’mash with the same chain of transmitters, and the words are that the servant should not say to his chief: My Lord, and Abu Mu’awiya made an addition:” For it is Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, Who is your Lord.”


Book 027, Number 5594:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) so many ahadith and one of them is this that Allah’s Messenaer (may peace be upon him) said: None of you should say: Supply drink to your lord, feed your lord, hell) your lord in performing ablution, and none of you should say: My Lord. He should say: My chief, my patron; and none of you should say: My bondman, my slave-girl, but simply say: My boy, my girl, my servant.


Chapter 4: DISAPPROVAL OF USING THE PHRASE:” MY SOUL HAS BECOME EVIL”


Book 027, Number 5595:

‘A’isha reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having said: None of you should say:” My soul has become evil,” but he should say:” My soul has become remorseless.” This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abfl Bakr with a slight variation of wording.


Book 027, Number 5596:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abia Mu’iwiya with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 027, Number 5597:

Abu Umama b. Sahl b. Hunaif, on the authority of his father, reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: None of you should say:” My soul has become evil,” but he should say:” My soul has become remorseless.”


Chapter 5: THE USE OF MUSK AND THAT IS THE BEST SCENT, AND THE DISAPPROVAL OF REJECTING THE GIFT OF SCENT AND FLOWER


Book 027, Number 5598:

Abd Sa’id Khudri reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: There was a woman from Bani Isra’il who was short-statured and she walked in the company of two tall women with wooden sandals in her feet and a ring of gold made of plates with musk filled in them and then looked up, and musk is the best of scents; then she walked between two women and they (the people) did not recognise her, and she made a gesture with her hand like this, and Shu’ba shook his hand in order to give an indication how she shook her hand.


Book 027, Number 5599:

Abu Sa’id Khudri reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) made a mention of a woman of Bana Isra’il who had filled her ring with musk and musk is the most fragrant of the scents.


Book 027, Number 5600:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who is presented with a flower should not reject it, for it is light to carry and pleasant in odour.


Book 027, Number 5601:

Nafi’ reported that when Ibn Umar wanted fumigation he got it from aloeswood without mixing anything with it, or he put camphor along with aloeswood and then said: This is how Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) fumigated.


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