The Goal of the Udhiyyah (Sacrifice) according to Allah is the Sincerity and Taqwa of His Servant

(37. It is neither their meat nor their blood that reaches Allah, but it is Taqwa from you that reaches Him. Thus have We made them subject to you that you may proclaim Allah’s greatness for His guidance to you. And give glad tidings to the doers of good.) – Suratul Baqarah

Allah says: this sacrifice is prescribed for you so that you will remember Him at the time of slaughter, for He is the Creator and Provider. Nothing of its flesh or blood reaches Him, for He has no need of anything other than Himself. During the time of Jahiliyyah, when they offered sacrifices to their gods, they would put some of the meat of their sacrifices on their idols, and sprinkle the blood over them. But Allah says:

(It is neither their meat nor their blood that reaches Allah,) Ibn Abi Hatim recorded that Ibn Jurayj said, “The people of the Jahiliyyah used to put the meat of their sacrifices and sprinkle the blood on the House, and the Companions of the Messenger of Allah said, “We have more right to do that.” Then Allah revealed the words:

(It is neither their meat nor their blood that reaches Allah, but it is Taqwa from you that reaches Him.) That is what He will accept and reward for, as mentioned in the Sahih,

(Allah does not look to your appearance or your colors, but He looks to your hearts and deeds.) And in the Hadith; (Indeed charity falls in the Hand of Ar-Rahman before it falls in the hand of the one asking.)

(Thus have We made them subject to you) meaning, `for this purpose We have subjugated the Budn for you,’

(that you may proclaim Allah’s greatness for His guidance to you.) means, that you may glorify Him for guiding you to His religion and His way which He loves and is pleased with, and has forbidden you to do all that He hates and rejects.

(And give glad tidings to the doers of good.) means, `give good news, O Muhammad, to those who do good,’ i.e., whose deeds are good and who remain within the limits prescribed by Allah, who follow that which has been prescribed for them, who believe in the Messenger and follow that which he has conveyed from his Lord.

(Note) The Udhiyyah is Sunnah Mustahabbah One animal is sufficient on behalf of all the members of one household. Ibn `Umar said, “The Messenger of Allah continued to offer sacrifice for ten years.” This was recorded by At-Tirmidhi. Abu Ayyub said: “At the time of the Messenger of Allah , a man would sacrifice a sheep on behalf of himself and all the members of his household, and they would eat from it and feed others, until the people started boasting ﴿by sacrificing more than one﴾ and things reached the stage that you see now.” This was recorded by At-Tirmidhi, who graded it Sahih, and by Ibn Majah. `Abdullah bin Hisham used to sacrifice one sheep on behalf of his entire family; this was recorded by Al-Bukhari. Concerning how old the sacrificial animal should be, Muslim recorded from Jabir that the Messenger of Allah said:

(Do not sacrifice any but mature animals, and if that is not possible, then sacrifice a young sheep.)

Source: Tafseer Ibn Kathir, Dar-us-Salam publications

Learning Aqeedah from Hajj – Shaykh Muhammad Al Aqeel [Audio|Ar-En]

Title: Learning Aqeedah from Hajj – Lesson 1, 2 & 3 (3 Mp3 Lectures)
By: Shaykh Muhammad Al Aqeel
Translated by: Abbas Abu Yahya
Copyright: miraath.net

Visit the below link to Listen or Download Mp3 Lectures

http://www.miraathpublications.net/learning-aqeedah-from-hajj/

How To Perform The Rituals Of Hajj And Umrah – Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen

Published by Dawah Center Jeddah (1992)

Click the below link to read or download PDF
How To Perform The Rituals Of Hajj & Umrah – Shaykh Ibnul-Uthaymeen [PDF]

How To Perform The Rituals Of Hajj And Umrah – Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen

In The Name of Allaah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Preface

Praise be to Allaah, Lord of the Universe. May peace and blessings be upon Muhammad, the last of the prophets and messengers, and upon his family and esteemed companions.

Hajj is one of the best forms of worship and is one of the most sublime deeds because it is one of the pillars of Islam that Allaah sent Muhammad (may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) with. A servant’s religion is incomplete without it.

A form of worship is only acceptable when the following is true.

1. One devotes it to Allaah alone, with a desire for the Hereafter. It cannot be done with the intention of being seen among men or for worldly gain.

2. One follows the Prophet’s example, in words deeds. This cannot accomplished except knowledge of the Sunnah.

Forms of Pilgrimage

There are three forms of Hajj:

Tamattu’-Ifraad-Qiran

Tamattu‘: A pilgrim wears Ihram for Umrah only during the months of Hajj, which means when he reaches Makkah, he makes Tawaf and Sa’yi for Umrah. He then shaves or clips his hair. On the day of Tarwiya, which is the eighth of Dhul-Hijja, he puts on his Ihram for Hajj only and carries out all of its requirements.

Ifraad: A pilgrim wears Ihram for Hajj only. When he reaches Makkah, he performs Tawaf for his arrival and Sa’yi for Hajj. He doesn’t shave or clip his hair as he doesn’t disengage from Ihram. Instead, he remains in Ihram till after he stones Jamrah Al-Aqaba on the Eid day. It is permissible for him to postpone his Sa’yi for Hajj until after his Tawaf for Hajj.

Qiran: A pilgrim wears Ihram for both Umrah and Hajj or he wears Ihram first for Umrah, then makes intentions for Hajj before his Tawaf for Hajj. The obligations on one performing Ifraad are the same as those on one performing Qiran, except that the latter must slaughter whereas the former is not obligated to do so.

The best of the three forms is Tamattu’. It is the form that the prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) encouraged his followers to perform. Even if a pilgrim makes intentions to perform Qiran or Ifraad he is allowed to change his intentions to Tamattu’; he can do this even after he has performed Tawaf and Sa’yi.

When the Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) performed Tawaf and Sa’yi during the year of the Farewell Hajj with his companions, he ordered all those who hadn’t brought sacrificial animals to change their intentions for Hajj to intentions for Umrah. cut their hair, and disengage from Ihram till Hajj. He said, ” If I hadn’t brought the sacrificial animal, I’d have done what I’ve ordered you to do.”

The Umrah

If a pilgrim wishes to be ritually pure for Umrah, he should shed his clothing and bathe as he would after sexual defilement, if convenient. He should perfume his head and beard with the best oil he can find. There is no harm in what remains of it after Ihram.

Bathing for Ihram is Sunnah for both men and women, including menstruating women and those experiencing postnatal bleeding. After bathing and preparing himself, a. pilgrim, other than those menstruating or experiencing postnatal bleeding, prays the obligatory prayer, if it is time. Otherwise, he makes his intention by praying the two Sunnah Rakaas which are made each time Wudhu is performed.

When he finishes his prayer he should say:

“Here I am for Umrah, here I am, Oh Allaah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no partner.” [Talbeeyah].

A man raises his voice when saying this and a woman says it so that only one beside her may hear her.

One in Ihram should say the Talbeeyah as often as possible, especially when times and places change. For example: when descending or ascending during travel or when day or night approach. He should also ask Allaah for His pleasure, for Heaven and seek refuge in Allaah’s mercy from Hellfire.

One should say the Talbeeyah during Umrah, starting from the time he puts on his Ihram till he starts Tawaf. During Hajj he should say it starting from the time he puts on his Ihram till he starts to stone Jamrah Al-Aqaba on the Eid day.

When a pilgrim enters the Holy Mosque he puts forth his right foot first and says:

“In the name of Allaah, may peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah. Oh Allaah, forgive me my sins and open to me the doors of Your mercy. I seek refuge in Allaah the Almighty and in His Eminent Face and in His Eternal Dominion from the accursed Satan.”

He approaches the Black Stone, touches it with his right hand and kisses it. If this isn’t possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to it.

It is best not to push and shove, causing harm and being harmed by other people.

When touching the Stone, a pilgrim should say the following:

“In the name of Allaah, Allaah is the greatest. Oh, Allaah, with faith in you, belief in Your book, loyalty to you, compliance to the way of your Prophet Muhammad (may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).”

A pilgrim must walk, keeping the Ka’bah on his left. When he reaches the Rukn Al Yamani he should touch, but not kiss it, and say:

” Our Lord, grant us good in this life and good in the hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Hell fire. Oh Allaah, I beg of You for forgiveness and health in this life and in the Hereafter.”

Each time he passes the Black Stone he should say: “Allaah is the Greatest.”

During the remainder of his Tawaf he may say what he pleases of supplications, mentioning Allaah, and recitation of Quran. This is because Tawaf, Sa’yi, and Stoning the Jamrah have been devised for the purpose of mentioning Allaah.

During this Tawaf it is necessary for a man to do two things:

1. Al-ldhtebaa’ from the beginning of Tawaf until the end. Al-ldhtebaa’ means placing the middle of one’s Reda’ under his right arm and the ends of it over his left shoulder.

When he is finished performing Tawaf, he may return his Reda’ to its original state because the time for Idhtebaa’ is only during Tawaf.

2. Al-Raml during the first three circuits. Al-Raml means speeding up one’s pace with small steps. A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace during his last four circuits.

When he completes seven circuits of Tawaf, he approaches Maqam Ibrahim and recites:

“And take ye the station of Abraham as a place of Prayer” Chapter 2, Verse 125 [2:125].

He prays two short Rakaas, as close as conveniently possible, behind Maqam Ibrahim. During the first Rakaa he recites Surah Al-Kafirun [Chapter 109] and during the second one Surah Al-lkhlas [Chapter 112].

When he completes the two Rakaas he should return to the Black Stone and touch it, if convenient. He goes out to the Mesa’a and when he nears As-Safaa he recites:

“Verily As-Safaa and Al-Marwah are among the shrines of Allaah ” [2:158].

He ascends As-Safaa until he is able to see the Ka’bah. Facing the Ka’bah and raising his hands, he praises Allaah and makes any supplications he chooses. The Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) prayed thus: “There is no Deity but Allaah alone,” three times, supplicating in between.

He descends As-Safaa and heads for Al-Marwah at a normal pace until he reaches the green marker. He should then run fast until the next green marker. He continues toward Al-Marwah at a normal pace. When he reaches it, he ascends it, faces the Qibla, raises his hands and repeats what he said on As-Safaa. He descends Al-Marwah heading towards As-Safaa, taking care to walk where walking is designated, and run where running is designated.

He continues this procedure until he completes seven laps. Going from As-Safaa to Al-Marwah is a lap and returning is another lap.

During his Sa’yi he may recite what he wills of supplications, recitation of Qur’an, and mentioning Allaah.

In completion of Sa’yi he shaves his head. A woman clips her hair the length of a finger tip.

Shaving is preferable, except when Hajj is near and there isn’t sufficient time for hair to grow back. In this case it’s best to clip so that hair will remain for shaving during Hajj.

With that, Umrah is completed. and a pilgrim is free to dress in other clothing, wear perfume and engage in marital relations, etc.

The Hajj

In the forenoon of the eighth day of Dhul-Hijja, a pilgrim purifies himself once again by bathing as he did before Umrah in the place in which he is staying, if convenient. He puts on his Ihram and says:

” Here I am for Hajj. Here I am, oh Allaah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no partners.”

If he fears that something will prevent him from completing his Hajj he should make a condition when he makes his intentions, saying:

“If I am prevented by any obstacle my place is wherever I am held up.”

If he has no such fear, he doesn’t make this condition.

A pilgrim goes to Mina and there prays Dhuhr, Asr, Magrib, Isha and Fajr, shortening his four unit prayers so as to make them two units each, without combining them.

When the sun rises, he goes to Arafah and there prays Dhuhr and Asr combined at the time of Dhuhr, making each one two units. He remains in Namira Mosque until sunset if possible. He remembers Allaah and makes as many supplications as possible while facing the Qibla.

The Prophet (may the peace and blessing of Allaah be upon him) prayed thus:

“There is no Deity but Allaah alone. He has no partner. All dominion and praise are His and He is powerful over all things.

If he grows weary it is permissible for him to engage in beneficial conversation with his companions or reading what he can find of beneficial books, especially those concerning Allaah’s grace and abundant gifts. This will strengthen his hope in Allaah.

He should then return to his supplications and be sure to spend the end of the day deep in supplication because the best of supplication is the supplication of the day of Arafah.

At sunset he goes from Arafah to Muzdalifah and there prays Magrib, Isha, and Fajr. If he is tired or has little water, it is permissible for him to combine Magrib and Isha. If he fears that he will not reach Muzdalifah until after midnight, he should pray before he reaches it for it is not permissible to delay prayer until after midnight. He remains there, in Muzdalifah, making supplications and remembering Allaah till just before sunrise.

If he is weak and cannot handle the crowd during Ar-Ramy, it is permissible for him to go to Mina at the end of the night to stone the Jamrah before the arrival of the crowd.

Near sunrise, a pilgrim goes from Muzdalifah to Mina. Upon reaching it he does the following:

  • a) He throws seven consecutive pebbles at Jamrah Al-Aqaba which is the closest monument to Makkah, saying “Allaah is the Greatest,” as he  throws each pebble.
  • b) He slaughters the sacrificial animal, eats some of it, and gives some to the poor. Slaughter is obligatory on the Mutamati and Qiran.
  • c) He shaves or clips his hair; shaving is preferable. A woman clips her hair the length of a finger tip.

These three should be done in the above order if convenient, but there is no restriction if one precedes another.

With that, one is allowed to come out of Ihram. He can wear other clothing and do everything that was lawful before Ihram except engaging in marital relations.

He goes to Makkah to perform Tawaf Al-lfadha and Sa’yi, also for Hajj. It is Sunnah to put perfume on before going to Makkah.

With the completion of this Tawaf and Sa’yi, a pilgrim is allowed to do everything that was lawful before Ihram, including engaging in marital relations.

After performing Tawaf and Sa’yi, he returns to Mina to spend the nights of the eleventh and twelfth days there.

He stones the three Jamrah in the afternoon of both the eleventh and twelfth days. He starts with the first Jamrah, which is furthest from Makkah, then the middle one, and lastly Jamrah Al-Aqaba. Each one should be stoned with seven consecutive pebbles accompanied by Takbeer. He stops after the first and middle Jamrah to make supplications facing the Qibla. It is not permissible to stone before noon on these two days. It is best to walk to the Jamrah, but riding is permissible.

If he is in a hurry after stoning on the twelfth day, he leaves Mina before sunset. But if he wishes to prolong his stay, which is best, he spends the night of the thirteenth in Mina and stones that afternoon in the same manner as on the twelfth day.

When he is ready to return to his country, he makes Tawaf Al-Wadaa, which is seven circuits around the Ka’bah. Menstruating women and women experiencing postnatal discharge are not obligated to perform Tawaf Al-Wadaa.

Visiting The Prophet’s Mosque

1. A pilgrim goes to Madina before or after Hajj with the intention of visiting the Prophet’s mosque and praying in it. Prayer there is better than a thousand prayers elsewhere except in the Holy Mosque in Makkah.

2. Upon reaching the mosque he prays two Rakaas of salutation or performs any obligatory prayer that is due.

3. He goes to the grave of the Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and he stands before it. He greets him saying the ” May the peace, mercy, and blessings of Allaah be upon you, oh Prophet. May Allaah grant you a good reward on behalf of your people. “

He takes a step or two to his right to position himself before Abu-Bakr and greets him saying : “May the peace, mercy, and blessing of Allaah be upon you. oh Abu-Bakr, Caliph of the Messenger of Allaah. May Allaah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad’s people.”

Then he takes a step or two to his right to position himself before Umar and greets him saying: ” May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allaah be upon you, oh Umar, Prince of the believers. May Allaah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad’s people.”

4. In a state of purity, he goes to pray in Qubaa Mosque.

5. He goes to Al-Baqee to visit Uthman’s grave (may Allaah be pleased with him). He stands before it and greets him saying:

“May the peace, mercy and blessing of Allaah be upon you, oh Uthman Prince of the believers. May Allaah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad’s people.”

He greets any other Muslims in Al-Baqee.

6. He goes to Uhud and visits the grave of Hamza (may Allaah be pleased with him) and the other martyrs there with him. He greets them and preys to Allaah to grant them forgiveness, mercy, and pleasure.

Notification

The following is incumbent upon the Muhrim for Hajj or Umrah:

1. That he be committed to Allaah’s religious obligations upon him such as prayer in its time (in congregation for men).

2. That he avoids what Allaah has prohibited such as obscenity, inequity, and disobedience. if anyone undertakes Hajj therein. Let there be no obscenity, nor wickedness, nor wrangling during Hajj ~ [2:197].

3. That he avoids harming the Muslims with words or actions within the Masha’ir or elsewhere.

4. That he avoids all of the restrictions of Ihram:

a. He shouldn’t cause the loss of any of his hair or nails. A prick by a thorn and the like is unobjectionable, even if there is bleeding.

b. He shouldn’t perfume himself, his clothing, his food or his drink after entering Ihram. He should also abstain from cleansing himself with scented soap. There is no harm in what remains of the effect of perfume used prior to Ihram.

c. He shouldn’t touch, kiss, etc. his spouse out of passion and, even worse, shouldn’t have sexual intercourse.

e. He shouldn’t be wed or propose to a woman for himself or others.  He shouldn’t wear gloves, although there is no harm in wrapping the hands in cloth. This ruling goes for both men and women.

The following pertains specifically to men:

a) He cannot cover his head with something that touches it, although there is no harm in the use of an umbrella, the roof of a car or tent for shade. There is also no harm in carrying his baggage atop his head.

b) He cannot wear a shirt, turban, hooded cloak trousers, or shoes. Only if he is unable to obtain an Ezar or sandals can he wear trousers or shoes.

c) He cannot wear anything with the same qualities of the above mentioned such as an Abea’, Qubaa, hat, undershirt, etc.

It is permissible for him to wear sandals, rings, glasses, a hearing aid. a watch, worn on his wrist or hung from his neck, or a speech aid.

It is permissible for him to cleanse himself with unscented cleansers and to wash and scratch his head and body, even if some of his hair falls unintentionally. In such a case there is no obligation on him because of it.

A woman cannot wear a Niqab or Burqa’. The Sunnah is for her to uncover her face except if men not related to her might see her, in which case it is obligatory for her to cover her face during Ihram and otherwise.

Allaah is the giver of success. May His blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and all of his family and companions.

By the needy before Allaah, Muhammad As-Salih Al-Uthaimeen


Glossary

Abaya’: cloak like, woolen wrap.
Abu Bakr: first Muslim Caliph.
Al-Baqee’: a place in Madina.
Al-ldhtebaa:placing the middle of the Reda’ under the right arm and the ends of it over the left shoulder during Tawaf.
Al-lkhlas: Chapter 112 (Purity of Faith).
Al-Kafirun: Chapter 109 of the Qur’an ( Those who reject Faith).
AlMarwah: name of the hillock where a Muslim begins Sa’yi.
Al-Raml: walking quickly but with small steps during the first three circuits of Tawaf.
Arafah: the most important stop during Hajj, located beyond Muzdalifah.
Ar-Ramy– The Stoning.
As-Safaa: name of the hillock where a Muslim ends his last lap of Sa’yi.
Asr: the afternoon prayer.
Burqa’: a face veil like a Niqab.
Dhul-Hijja: the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar.
Dhuhr: the noon prayer.
Eid: celebration for Muslims.
Ezaar: lower cloth of Ihram.
Fajr: dawn prayer.
Hajj: official Muslim pilgrimage to Makkah.
Hamza: one of the Prophet’s uncles and a martyr during the battle of Uhud.
Ifraad: isolated form of Hajj.
Ihram: the ceremonial state of making Hajj or the Hajj garments themselves. Isha night prayer.
Jamrah: Monument in Mina.
Jamrah Al-Aqaba: the monument closest to Makkah.
Ka’bah: the house of Allaah in the Holy Mosque in Makkah.
Magrib: dusk prayer.
Maqam Ibrahim: the stepping stone of the prophet Abraham.
Mes’aa: the stretch between As-Safaa and Al-Marwah.
Masha’ir: ceremonial shrines.
Mina: one of the ceremonial shrines, a valley near Makkah.
Muhammad– the last of the prophets, the prophet of Islam.
Muhrim: a person in Ihram.
Mutamati: a pilgrim performing Hajj Tamattu’.
Muzdalifah: one of the ceremonial shrines of Hajj, between Mina and Arafah.
Namira: mosque in Mina.
Niqab: a face veil revealing the eyes through slashes
Qiran: a pilgrim performing Hajj Qiran.
Qibla: the direction Muslims face to pray.
Qiraan: Accompanied form of Hajj.
Quba: a mosque in Madina, used to be on the outskirts.
Qur’an: the Book of Allaah.
Rakaa: a unit of prayer.
Reda’: the upper cloth of Ihram.
Rukn Al-Yamani: the corner of the Ka’bah which faces Yemen.
Sa’yi: the walk made between As-Safaa and Al-Marwah.
Sunnah: way of the Prophet.
Surah: a chapter of the Qur’an.
Takbeer: saying “Allaahu Akbar (“Allaah is Greatest”)
Talbeeya: the supplication a Muslim recites once he is in Ihram and has made his intention.
Tamattu’: enjoyable form of Hajj.
Tarwiyya: the eighth of Dhul-Hijja.
Tawaf: circumambulation of the Ka’bah
Tawaf Al-lfadha: tawaf for Hajj.
Tawaf Al-Wadaa: farewell Tawaf.
Uhud: the name of a mountain in Medina and the site of the battle by this name.
Umar: the second Muslim Caliph and first Prince of the believers.
Umrah-minor Hajj: the combination of Tawaf and Sa’yi.
Uthman: the third Muslim Caliph and second Prince of the believers.
Wudhu: ablution.

Related Beneficial Audio:

Important Fatwas regarding the rites of Hajj and Umrah – Shayk Ibn Baaz

Important Fatwas regarding the rites of Hajj and Umrah
Dictated By His Eminence Shaikh Abdul Aziz Bin Abdullha Bin Baz
Published by the Islamic Ministry (Riyadh)

Click the below link to read or download PDF

Important Fatwas regarding the rites of Hajj and Umrah – Shayk Ibn Baaz [PDF]

45 Important Questions answered by Imam Ibn Baz rahimahullaah

The Fiqh of Hajj – Shaykh al Albanee

Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah & Silsilah Ahadeeth Ad-Daeefah of The Muhaddith, Shaykh, Allamaah Muhammad Nasiruddeen al-Albaani Rahimahullaahu Ta’ala

Translated byAbbas Abu Yahya

The Excellence of Hajj

No. 1185 & 1200 – On the authority of Ibn Abbas in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘Be regular with (in another narration: follow up) the Hajj and the Umrah since they wipe out poverty and sins, just as the furnace separates the slag from the iron.’

Not Leaving Off Hajj for More than Five Years

No. 1662 – The Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Indeed Allaah says: Verily I have made a slave’s body healthy and given him adequate livelihood yet five years have passed and he has not come to Me and redeemed himself, as a pilgrim.’

Silsilah-Saheehah

Shaykh Albaani said:

Benefit: al-Mundhiri said in ‘al-Targheeb’ (2/134): Narrated by Ibn Hibban in his ‘Saheeh’ and by al-Bayhaqi who said: ‘Alee bin al-Mundhir said: Some of our companions narrated to me saying:

Hasan bin Hayyin used to be amazed by this hadeeth and used to implement it. He would love a healthy, prosperous person not to leave off Hajj for five years.’

No. 1264 – On the authority of Jaabir in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘The goodness of Hajj is feeding people and good speech.’

No. 1820 – On the authority of Jaabir who said: the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Pilgrims for Hajj and Umrah are the delegates of Allaah. He called them and they responded, they asked of Him and He gave them.’

Ihram

What is Avoided in Hajj is that which is Avoided in Umrah

No.2765 – On the authority of Safwaan bin Umayyah who said: A man came to the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: wearing a lot of coloured perfume on his clothing, he was wearing different pieces of clothing and he had already assumed Ihraam for Umrah. He said: ‘What do you order me to do, O Messenger of Allaah, in my Umrah?’ Then Allaah -Azza wa Jal- revealed: <<Complete the Hajj and Umrah for Allaah >> So the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘Where is the person who asked the question about Umrah?’ The man said: ‘Here I am.’ So the Messenger said: ‘Remove your clothing and take a bath, clean off the perfume as much as you can and whatever you used to do for your Hajj, then do that in your Umrah.’

Saheeh
Silsilah-Saheehah

Shaykh Albaani said:

Benefit: Ibn Hajr said in ‘al-Fath’ (3/394): Ibn al-Muneer said in ‘al-Hashiyah’: ‘What the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said was: “Wassna’,” (i.e. the Arabic word for ‘do, make’) which means: ‘To leave something,’ because the clarification meant what a Muhrim keeps away from. So, the benefit taken from this explanation is that ‘leaving something is an action in itself.’

The Prohibition of the Woman in Ihram Covering her Face with a Scarf

No. 2930 – On the authority of ‘Uqbah bin ‘Aamr al-Juhanee who said: ‘My sister vowed that she would walk to the Ka’bah barefoot and unveiled. So the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- came to her and said: ‘What is wrong with this woman?’ They said: She vowed to walk to the Ka’bah barefoot and unveiled! So he said:

‘Order her to take a ride, cover herself, perform the Hajj and slaughter an animal.’

Saheeh
Silsilah-Saheehah

Shaykh Albaani said:

‘In this hadeeth there are some important benefits, from them:

That the Ihram of the woman is for her face, so it is not permissible for her to cover her face with her Khimaar (scarf), rather she covers her head and chest. This is like the hadeeth:

‘A woman in Ihram does not wear a Niqaab (face veil), nor does she wear gloves.’

[Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim.]

[Important note: Shaykh al-Albaani said in his book: ‘The Rites of Hajj and Umrah’ (p.12)

‘It is permissible for the woman to cover her face with something like a Khimaar or Jilbaab, which she throws over her head and it sits on her face. What is correct is that it can touch her face, but she cannot tie it to her face.

This is similar to what Ibn Taymeeyah -Rahimahullaah said.]’

No. 2617 -The Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘O Allaah this Hajj has no ostentation in it nor any hypocrisy.’

The Permissibility of the Person in Ihram Covering his Face if Needed.

No. 2899 – On the authority of Uthmaan bin ‘Affan –RadiAllaahu anhu- that

‘The Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- would cover his face while he was in a state of Ihram.’

Saheeh
Silsilah-Saheeha

On the authority of Abdullaah bin ‘Aamir bin Rabeeh that

he saw ‘Uthmaan bin ‘Affan in a village near Madina with his face covered by a deep red coloured, velvet cloth on a summer’s day while he was a Muhrim (in the state of Ihram).

Its chain is authentic.

Shaykh Albaani said: ‘So if you know that the chain of narration is authentic, then there is no contradiction between this hadeeth and the report which is Mawqoof (the Isnad only goes back to the Companion) at ‘Uthmaan, as is apparent. This is because there is nothing that conflicts with the acceptability of ‘Uthmaan doing that which it is possible the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- did.

This is better (that the hadeeth and the Athar correspond) rather than attributing a mistake to one of the trustworthy narrators simply because ‘Uthmaan did an action that he narrated from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam. Do you not also see that there is no difference between what ad-Daraqutni -Rahimullaah- noted, saying that the Mawqoof (the Isnad only goes back to the Companion) precedes the Marfoo’ (a narration ascribed to the Prophet), and those who invert the issue saying that the Marfoo’ precedes the Mawqoof.

The truth is that both of them are authentic, so neither of them opposes the other. Indeed there are many Aathaar narrated by the Companions, the Tabieen and the diligent Imaams which permit the person in a state of Ihram to cover his face if need be. Ibn Hazm uses these Aathaar as evidence in his book ‘al-Muhalla’ (7/91-93) so as to support the original stance. Al-Bayhaqi also narrated some of these Aathaar (5/54)

This hadeeth does not oppose the saying of the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamregarding the person who dies while in a state of Ihram:

‘Wash him with water mixed with Acacia leaves, shroud him in his clothing and do not cover his face or head.’

Narrated by Muslim and other than him and it is narrated in the book ‘al-Irwaa’ (4/198-199).

This verdict is specific to the one who dies in a state of Ihram but the hadeeth under discussion is regarding the living, so it (i.e. the ruling) is different.’

What Animals are Permissible for the Muhrim to Kill

No. 193 -‘Five types of animals which, if a Muhrim kills, there is no blame upon him: a crow, a predatory bird, a rat, scorpion and a voracious dog.’

Saheeh

Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Ibn Umar in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.

Shaykh Albaani said:

‘From what is clear in this hadeeth is the absence of blame, which shows the permissibility of killing them. It is not to be understood from this that it is recommended or obligatory to kill them or that it is better leave off killing them.’

Talbeeyah

No. 830 – On the authority of Zaid bin Khalid al-Juhanee, on the authority of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – who said:

‘Jibraeel came to me and said: O Muhammad! Order your Companions to raise their voices with the Talbeeyah (proclamation for Hajj or Umrah), since it is from the signs of Hajj.’

No. 1500 – On the authority of Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq who said that

the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- was asked: ‘What is the best Hajj?’

He answered ‘The one where you raise your voice reciting the Talbeeyah and you slaughter an animal.’

No. 1621 – On the authority of Abu Huraira in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘A person does not ever make Talbeeyah except that he is given glad tidings, nor does a person ever say Takbeer except that he is given glad tidings.’

It was asked: ‘With Paradise?’

He answered: ‘Yes.’

Mina

No. 804 – On the authority of Ibn Abbas: the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to visit the House (Ka’bah) every night from the nights of Mina.’

Tawwaaf

No. 2725 – On the authority of Abdullaah bin Umar who said I heard the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- saying:

‘Whoever makes seven circuits of Tawwaaf around the House (Ka’bah) and prays two Rakats, it is the same as freeing a slave.’

Salutation of the House – for the person not in Ihram- is Two Rakah

The Hadeeth has no chain – La Asl laha
No.1012 ‘Salutation of the House is done with Tawwaaf.’
The Hadeeth has no chain – La Asl laha

Silsilah-Daeefah

Shaykh Albaani said:

‘I say: I do not know, neither from the sayings or actions of the Sunnah, that which attests the meaning of this hadeeth other than the general evidences which mention praying before sitting in the Masjid which then include the Masjid al-Haraam.

The assertion that salutation of the Masjid al-Haraam is the Tawwaaf opposes the general evidence previously mentioned. So, this salutation cannot be accepted until it can be affirmed and how inconceivable is that? Especially as – due to experience – it is not possible for the person entering the Masjid al-Haraam during the days of the sacred seasons to perform the Tawwaaf every time he enters it, so praise be to Allaah Who has made the matter easy.

<<And He has not placed any burden upon you in your religion>>

Indeed what must be brought to attention here regarding this verdict is that it is for the person who is not a Muhrim. As for the person who is in Ihram then the rightful Sunnah is that he begins with the Tawwaaf and then the two Rakah after it.’

The Hajj Pilgrimage is Only Made to the House of Allaah

Da’eefah No. 265 Mawdoo- Fabricated

‘O Abu Huraira! Teach the people the Quran and learn it, because if you died upon that, the Angels would visit your grave just as they visit the Ancient House (Ka’bah). Teach the people my Sunnah, even if they dislike it. If you would like not to stop on the bridge on the Day of Judgement, even for the blink of an eye until you enter Paradise, then do not innovate with your opinion.’

Mawdoo- Fabricated
Silsilah-Daeefah

Shaykh Albaani said:

‘Ibn al-Jawzi mentions this narration in his book ‘al-Mawdoo’aat’ (The Fabricated Ahadeeth) (1/264) and he said: ‘Not authentic and Abu Hammam (one of the narrators) is Muhammad bin Mujeeb.

Yahya said: ‘He is a liar.’

Abu Haatim said: ‘He is lost in hadeeth (i.e. rejected).’

As-Sooyuti brings a similar narration but mentions the wording: ‘If death comes to you and you are in this state then the Angels perform Hajj (pilgrimage) to your grave just as the believers perform Hajj to the House of Allaah, the Haraam.’

As-Sooyuti remained silent about this; but I have a more severe hatred for this wording than the first – due to what it mentions about performing Hajj to a grave – as it is an innovated statement which has no origin in the Sharia’. Also, performing Hajj to a visited thing other than the House of Allaah, the Haraam, is not mentioned in the Sharia’.

As for performing Hajj (Pilgrimage) to graves, then that is done by Ahl-ul-Bida’ (the people of Bida’) who aggrandize graves to extreme by journeying to them, spending nights there, performing Tawwaaf around them, making Dua’, begging and imploring of the graves and other similar things which are all symbols of the Hajj. Some of them even authored a book entitled ‘The Rites of Making Hajj to Shrines and Graves’ as a refutation of what Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah mentioned in his books!!

This is major misguidance and no Muslim who has smelt the fragrance of pure Tawheed will doubt that this is the thing most disliked by the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-. So how can it be conceived possible that the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- made this statement: ‘the Angels would visit your grave just as they visit the Ancient House (Ka’bah).’ O Allaah! Indeed the heart testifies that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- never said even one of the letters from this statement. May Allaah disfigure the one who fabricated this.’

Raml

The Sharia’ Reasoning for the Brisk Walk During Tawwaaf

No. 2573 – On the authority of Ibn Abbas –RadiAllaahu anhu- ‘The Quraish said: ‘Indeed Muhammad and his Companions have been weakened by the fever of Yathrib.’ So in the year the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – performed Umrah he said to his Companions: ‘Walk briskly around the Ka’bah so the Mushrikeen can see your strength.’ So when they walked briskly the Quraish said: ‘It has not weakened them.’

Saheeh
Silsilah-Saheehah

Shaykh Albaani said:

‘This chain is Saheeh according to the conditions of Imam Muslim. Bukhari narrates it without a complete chain in his ‘Saheeh’ (5/86) on the authority of Hamad bin Salamah in a narration similar to this, as does Hamad bin Zayd in a narration on the authority of Ayoob whose wording is as follows:

‘The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- commanded them to walk briskly for three circuits and walk calmly between the two corners so the Mushrikeen could see their strength and patience.’

So the Mushrikeen said: ‘These are those whom you claimed had been weakened by the fever. They are stronger and more patient than such and such!’

In ‘al-Musnad’ (1/305) via another chain which is narrated on the authority of Abu Tufail from Ibn ‘Abbas that when the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- stopped at a place not far from Makkah called ‘Marra az-Zahran’ on his way to Umrah, it reached the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- that the Quraish were saying: What has caused them to come here feeble and thin?

So his Companions said: ‘If we slaughter our camels, eat from their meat and make a broth from its soup, then we will be relaxed when we enter upon the people tomorrow.’

The Messenger said: ‘Do not do that, but gather your provisions and bring them to me.’ So they gathered them for the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and spread out a tablecloth made from leather. They ate, and had eaten satisfactorily, then left and every one of them took some in their sacks. Then the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- turned and went ahead until he entered the Masjid – and the Quraish were sitting near the black stone. The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- uncovered one of his shoulders through his top garment then said: ‘Do not let the people see you as deficient/weak.’

He touched the corner and entered Tawwaaf, passing by the Yemeni corner and walking to the Black Stone.

The Quraish said: ‘Just walking in the Tawwaaf does not please them, but they leap and jump like gazelles.’

The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- did that for three circuits and so it became the Sunnah.

Abu Tufail said: ‘Ibn ‘Abbas informed me that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- did this in his farewell Hajj.’

Its chain is also authentic according to the conditions of Imam Muslim.

It was also narrated by al-Bayhaqi in his book ‘Dala’il an-Naboowa’ (3/3/1) through two routes. Muslim narrated it (4/64) by way of al-Jareeri on the authority of Abu Tufail with a similar narration and it has been researched in ‘al-Irwaa’ (4/315).

It was also narrated via ‘Atta on the authority of Ibn Abbas who said: ‘Indeed the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- walked, and he walked briskly, around the House (Ka’bah) to show the Mushrikeen his strength.’

Benefit: Perhaps someone might say: ‘If the Sharia’ reason for the brisk walk during the Tawwaaf was to show the Mushrikeen the strength of the Muslims, then can it not be said that as the reason for doing the action has ceased, then the legislation of the brisk walk should cease
too?’

The answer: No, because the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – walked briskly in his Tawwaaf after that first Umrah, in his farewell Hajj, as is mentioned in the long hadeeth of Jabir and by other than him, such as this hadeeth of Ibn Abbas with the previous narration of Abu Tufail. This is why Ibn Hibban said in his book ‘Saheeh’ (6/47 al-Ihsaan): ‘So this objection has been cleared up and the brisk walk during Tawwaaf remains prescribed upon the Ummah of al- Mustafa – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – until the Day of Judgement.’

Iltizaam

No.2138- On the authority of Abdullaah bin ‘Amr who said

the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to place his chest, face, forearms and hands between the Black Stone and the door of the Ka’bah in his Tawwaaf.’

Arafat

No. 2551 – On the authority of ‘Aeysha that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘

There is no other day in which Allaah frees more slaves from the fire than the Day of ‘Arafah. Indeed, He comes close to them then boasts about them to the Angels and then He says: ‘What do these people want?’

Jamaraat

No. 2515 – On the authority of Ibn Abbas who said that the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘If you stone the Jamaar (pillars) it will be as light for you on the Day of Judgement.’

No. 1437 – The Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Stone the Jamarah with pebbles the size of chick peas.’

Gathering the Pebbles for Stoning the Jamaraat from Mina and not from Muzdalifah

No. 2144 – On the authority of al-Fadl bin Abbas who said

the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said to the people when they left on the evening of ‘Arafat and Muzdalifah: ‘You should be tranquil.’ He said this while he was preventing his female camel from speeding until he entered Mina and descended in a place between Mina and Muzdalifah. Then he said: ‘You should take pebbles the size of chick peas, with which you can stone the Jamarah.’

Then al-Fadl said: ‘and the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- was demonstrating with his hand just as when a person throws.’

Saheeh
Silsilah-Saheehah

Shaykh Albaani said:

‘Benefit: Nisa’ee wrote a chapter heading for this hadeeth saying: ‘From where does one collect the pebbles?’ indicating by this that collecting pebbles takes place in Mina and the hadeeth regarding this is clear. This is because the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- ordered them to do this when he stopped at a place called ‘Muhassir’, while he was in Mina, as is mentioned in the narration of Muslim and al-Bayhaqi.

What also indicates this is the apparent hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbas who said: The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said to me on the morning of ‘Aqabah while he was on his she-camel: ‘Collect small stones for me.’

So I collected small pebbles for him which were like chickpeas and when I placed them in his palm, he said:

‘The likes of these (type and size stones), O you people. Beware of exaggerating in the Deen, as indeed what destroyed those before you was exaggeration in the Deen.’

Narrated by Nisa’ee, al-Bayhaqi and Ahmad (1/215,247) with an authentic chain.

Indeed the evidence here is his saying: ‘early at ‘Aqabah’ by which he means the early morning in which you stone the large Jamarat al-‘Aqabah, and from what is apparent from the hadeeth is that the act of collecting the pebbles took place in Mina, near the Jamarah. As for what people do today, collecting pebbles in Muzdalifah, we do not know an origin for it in the Sunnah, rather it opposes these two ahadeeth and it contains burden and inconvenience with no benefit.’

Does the Person Performing Hajj Walk to the Jamarah to Stone it?

No. 2072 – On the authority of Ibn Umar –RadiAllaahu anhu- that

‘The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- would walk to the Jamarah if he wanted to stone it; he would walk to it and walk back from it.’

Saheeh
Silsilah-Saheehah

Shaykh Albaani said:

‘Benefit: Tirmidhi said at the end of this hadeeth: ‘Most of the people of knowledge implement this hadeeth while some of them say: He would ride on the day of an-Nahr (slaughtering) and would walk for the days other than the day of an-
Nahr.’

Tirmidhi continues: ‘It is as if the person who said this statement intended to follow the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- in his action, because indeed what is narrated of the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- is that he rode on the day of an-Nahr to go to stone the Jamarah and only Jamarat ul-‘Aqabah is stoned on the day of an-Nahr.’

I say (Albaani): As for the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- stoning the Jamarat ul- ‘Aqabah while he was riding, then this is mentioned in the long hadeeth of Jaabir cited in the book ‘The Hajj of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam’ from the narration of Muslim and others. This is why the hadeeth of Ibn Umar (above) that when the Prophet intended ‘to stone the Jamarat, he would walk to it and walk back from it’ is explained to mean other than the stoning of the day of an-Nahr, thereby reconciling this hadeeth of Ibn Umar with the hadeeth of Jaabir, and Allaah knows best.

Then I came across that which supports this opinion, from the narration of Abdullaah bin Umar on the authority of Nafi’ with the wording: ‘On the authority of Ibn Umar: that he used to come to the Jamaar during the three days after the day of an-Nahr, going back and forth walking and he mentioned that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to do that.’

Narrated by Abu Dawood(1969) and Ahmad 92/156)

In another narration by Ahmad (2/114,138):

Ibn Umar used to stone the Jamarat ul-‘Aqabah while riding on his animal on the day of an- Nahr and he never used to go to the other Jamaarat after that except that he would go back and forth walking. He asserted that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- never used to go back and forth to the Jamaarat, except on foot.’

Everything is Permissible After Stoning the Jamaarat al-‘Aqabah Except Women

No. 239 – On the authority of Ibn Abbas –RadiAllaahu anhu- who said that: The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘When you stone the Jamarah, then everything except women becomes permissible.’

Saheeh
Silsilah-Saheehah

Shaykh Albaani said:

‘Benefit: In this hadeeth is a clear proof that when the person on Hajj has stoned the Jamaarat al- ‘Aqabah then all the prohibitions of Ihraam are lifted except for the prohibition of intercourse with women; this is not permissible for him as has been unanimously agreed.’

Slaughter

No. 805- On the authority of Jaabir who said: we used to preserve the slaughtered meat and take it to Madina during the time of the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.’

After the Completion of Hajj

No.1379 – On the authority of ‘Aeysha in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘When you have completed your Hajj then you should hasten your journey to your family, since it is greater in its reward.’

No. 1451- On the authority of Ibn Umar in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘Appreciate this House (Ka’bah) since it has been destroyed twice and the third time it will be raised up.’

No. 883- On the authority of ‘Aeysha that she would carry Zam-Zam water, and she would say that

the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to carry Zam-Zam water in leather water sacks and jugs, and he used to pour it on the sick and give it to them to drink.’

The Permissibility of Visiting the Prophet’s -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- Grave

No. 2497 – On the authority of ‘Aasim bin Humaid as-Sakooni –RadiAllaahu anhu- that when the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- sent Mu’adh to Yemen, he came out with him to advise him. Mu’adh was riding and the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- was walking next to his riding animal. When the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – had advised him he said: O Mu’adh! Indeed you might not meet me after this year and perhaps you will pass by my Masjid and my grave.’

Saheeh
Silsilah-Saheehah

Shaykh Albaani said:

‘Benefit: ‘Dr. al-Booti uses this hadeeth in the last part of his book ‘Fiqh as-Seerah’ as evidence for the permissibility of visiting the Prophet’s -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- grave – claiming that Ibn Taymeeyah rejects this visiting!

Even though we do not oppose his use of this proof, as it is indeed clear, we notify the readers that this is a false claim and a lie against Ibn Taymeeyah -Rahimullaah. Indeed his books make clear and abundant mention of its legality and he even expounded on how to visit the grave.

What Ibn Taymeeyah rejected was intending a journey to visit the grave as is the meaning of the hadeeth: ‘Do not undertake a journey except to three Masajid…’ which I have explained in detail with the sayings of Ibn Taymeeyah himself in my refutation of al-Booti entitled: ‘In defense of the Prophetic hadeeth.’ So what does the doctor intend by persisting with this slander which is even in the latest print of his book? Intelligent readers know the answer.’

No. 45 – ‘Whoever performs the Hajj of the House (Ka’bah) and does not visit me has indeed treated me badly.’

Fabricated- Mawdoo
Silsilah-Daeefah

Shaykh Albaani said:

‘Benefit: From what indicates its being fabricated is that ill-treatment of the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- is from the major sins, if not disbelief. So if the one who does not visit the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- has committed a great sin, then this necessitates that this visit is obligatory, like Hajj, which no Muslim would say. This is because even though visiting the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- is from the actions that bring one closer to Allaah, it does not exceed the status of being only recommended by the scholars. So how can it be that the one who leaves off visiting it is harsh to the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamand is one who turns away from him!?’

All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace and blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, His family, his companions and all those who follow his guidance.

Unity of Muslims as one of the goals of Hajj – Shaik Ibn Baz

Click the below link to read or download PDF Document

Unity of Muslims as one of the goals of Hajj – Shaykh Ibn Baaz [PDF]

Virtues of Madina : Sahih Bukhari

Taken from Virtues of Madinah of Sahih Bukhari

  • Medina is a sanctuary from that place to that.
  • Its trees should not be cut.
  • No heresy should be innovated nor any sin should be committed in it.
  • Whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits a sin, or gives shelter to such an innovator in it will incur the curse of Allah,the angels, and all the people, none of his compulsory or optional good deeds of worship will be accepted.
  • The Prophet peace be upon him said, “I have made Medina a sanctuary between its two (Harrat) mountains.”
  • Allah’s Apostle , peace be upon him, “Verily, Belief returns and goes back to Medina as a snake returns and goes back to its hole (when in danger).”
  • “None plots against the people of Medina but that he will be dissolved (destroyed) like the salt is dissolved in water.”
  • “The terror caused by Al-Masih Ad-Dajjal will not enter Medina and at that time Medina will have seven gates and there will be two angels at each gate guarding them.”
  • “There are angels guarding the entrances (or roads) of Medina, neither plague nor Ad-Dajjal will be able to enter it.”
  • “There will be no town which Ad-Dajjal will not enter except Mecca and Medina, and there will be no entrance (road) (of both Mecca and Medina) but the angels will be standing in rows guarding it against him, and then Medina will shake with its inhabitants thrice (i.e. three earth-quakes will take place) and Allah will expel all the nonbelievers and the hypocrites from it.”
  • “Medina is like a furnace, it expels out the impurities (bad persons) and selects the good ones and makes them perfect.”
  • “Medina expels the bad persons from it, as fire expels the impurities of iron.”
  • The Prophet , peace be upon him, said, “O Allah! Bestow on Medina twice the blessings You bestowed on Mecca.”
  • The Prophet , peace be upon him, said, “There is a garden from the gardens of Paradise between my house and my pulpit, and my pulpit is on my Lake Fount (Al-Kauthar).”
  • Umar ,radhi Allaahu anhu,said, “O Allah! Grant me martyrdom in Your cause, and let my death be in the city of Your Apostle.”

Refuting Misconceptions about Kabah and Black Stone – by Dr. Saleh as-Saleh [Audio|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 56:37)

The Sacred Mosque in Makkah – by Dr. Saleh as-Saleh [Audio|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 21:30)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/faq-clarifications-points-of-benefit-the-sacred-mosque-in-makkah-saleh-as-saleh.mp3]

The Black Stone does not Harm and does not Benefit – Shaykh Ahmed al-Wasaabee

Narrated ‘Umar ibnul-Khattaab (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu), that he came to the Black Stone and kissed it and said:

((Verily, I know that you are a stone, and that you do not harm and do not benefit, and if I did not see the Messenger of Allaah (صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) kiss you, then I would not kiss you)).

Narrated by al-Bukhaaree, no. 1520, 1528, 1532 and Muslim, no. 1270.

Click the below link to read or download PDF

The Black Stone does not Harm and does not Benefit [PDF]

Source: ‘al-Qawl-ul- Mufeed Fee Adillatit-Tawhid’ [Beneficial Speech in Establishing the Evidences of Tawhid] – Shaykh Muhammad al-Wasabi

Hajj – Points of Benefit and Rulings – Dr Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

00- Hajj and Tawheed 1:45:20

00- How to Perform ‘Umrah 20:33

00- Merits of the 10 Days of Dhul Hijjah 52:43

01- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings 8:32

02- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Conditions – Obligations of Hajj 18:35

03- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Ability – Mahram for Women 31:18

04- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Delegating in Hajj 25:56

05- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Hajj Mabroor 19:07

06- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Hajj of the Child and the Insane 16:42

07- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Mawaaqeet of Hajj 27:53

08- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Ihraam 28:31

09- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Types of Hajj – part 1 12:51

10- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Types of Hajj – part 2 8:40

11- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Conditions of Hadee – Sacrificial Animal 7:54

12- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Menses in Umrah or Hajj 14:57

13- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Talbiyah 37:18

14- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Prohibited Things During Ihraam – part 1 31:04

15- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Prohibited Things During Ihraam – part 2 11:39

16- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Prohibited Things During Ihraam – part 3 6:28

17- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Prohibited Things During Ihraam – part 4 5:30

18- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Expiations for Violations in Ihram 19:45

19- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Forbidden Things in the Haram 22:20

20- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Entering Makkah & Tawaaf – part 1 37:05

21- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Conditions of Tawaaf – part 2 22:56

22- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Conditions of Tawaaf – part 3 15:17

23- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Sa’ee & Hair Shaving or Shortnening 27:11

24- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Staying in Muzdalifah 15:16

25- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Leaving to Mina 25:36

26- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Casting the Pebbles 32:45

27- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Rituals – 10th to the 13th – part 1 23:01

28- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Rituals – 10th to the 13th – part 2 13:06

29- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Fawaat & Ihsaar 21:26

30- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Pillars & Obligations of Hajj & Umrah 14:35

31- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Hadee and Udhiyah-1 19:59

32- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Hadee and Udhiyah-2 – Eligible Animal 26:14

33- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Hadee and Udhiyah-3 – Non-Fit Animal 20:25

34- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Hadee and Udhiyah-4 – Slaughtering – Food Ahlul Kitaab 26:36

35- Hajj – Points of Benefits – Rulings – Hadee and Udhiyah-5 – Offering the Sacrifice 32:34

36- Hajj – The Sacrificial Animal – Merits and Rulings 58:10

37- Hajj – Day of Arafah Falling on a Friday 26-12-1427 – 20:07

38- The Eid – Rulings and Sunan 68:59

Q&A Concerning Hajj

001- Meaning of Hajj Mabroor 10:59

002- Trade in Hajj 9:11

003- Making Hajj for the Sahabah or for the Prophet 10:54

004- Stop Stations in Hajj 1:55

005- Number of ‘Umrah Performed by the Prophet 3:51

006- Differences Between Kinds of Tawaaf 2:40

Obligation of Adhering to the Sunnah and to Take from the Guidance of the Messenger of Allaah – Shaykh

Source: Lessons of Creed Acquired From The Hajj – By ‘AbdurRazzaq bin ‘Abdul-Muhsin al-Badr, Translated By Abbas Abu Yahya

Chapter 8 : An Explanation of the Obligation to Adhere to the Sunnah and to Take from the Guidance of the Messenger of Allaah

Indeed from the greatest benefits and lessons from Hajj for the pilgrims to the House of Allaah is knowing the importance of the Sunnah and limiting oneself to it in all actions of the Hajj. The importance of knowing the Sunnah becomes apparent from the state of many pilgrims who you see gathering together in circles of knowledge and remembrance. They ask the scholars many questions regarding the description of Hajj: how to perform it, its pillars and obligatory duties and those acts that negate it. These questions are asked with precision and enthusiasm, especially by those who, in their Hajj, are conscious of the saying of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-: ‘Take your Hajj rites from me’ [1]

Therefore Hajj will not be accepted by Allaah unless the Muslim does it in the manner of the Messenger of Allaah, adhering to his guidance in the Hajj and following his Sunnah – without excess or negligence, without going to extremes or being without purpose and without adding to or taking away from it. So if a Muslim adheres to the Sunnah of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- in his Hajj and limits himself to his guidance, he benefits from the knowledge that adhering to the Sunnah and following his -sall’Allaahu alayhi wasallam- guidance is obligatory in all acts of obedience.

Just as it is necessary to take the rites of Hajj from the Messenger, it is also necessary for all Muslims to take the guidance of the Messenger in every act of obedience.

This is why the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said with regards to prayer: ‘pray as you have seen me praying.’ [2]

He also said in all matters of general obedience: ‘Whoever does an action which we have not commanded then it is rejected.’[3]

In another narration: ‘Whoever innovates in this matter of ours, that which is not from it, it will be rejected.’[4]

Thus all actions which are not done in accordance to the guidance of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- will not be accepted by Allaah, as is shown by his explicit statement -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘Whoever does an action which we have not commanded then it is rejected.’

Indeed this proves that every innovation (Bida’) introduced into the religion has no foundation in the Book or Sunnah, regardless of whether it is from knowledge-based verbal innovations or practical, worship-based innovations. So whoever informs of other than that which Allaah and His Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- have informed or worships in a way that Allaah and His Messenger have not permitted then this will be returned to the one who did it and it will not be accepted.

This hadeeth also implies the meaning that anyone who does an action in accordance to what Allaah and His Messenger have commanded i.e. is worshipping Allaah with correct creed and righteous actions from what is obligatory and recommended, then his action will be accepted.

It is narrated by Abu Daawood, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and others on the authority of al-Irbaad bin Sariyyah –RadhiAllaahu anhu- who said that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- led us in prayer that day, then turned and faced us and gave us an admonition which caused hearts to tremble and eyes to shed tears.

So we said: ‘It is as if this is a farewell speech, so advise us O Messenger of Allaah!’

He said: ‘I advise you to hear and obey, even if a slave rules over you. Indeed whosoever from you lives will see many differences, so hold on to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the Rightly Guided Khulafaah after me, bite on to it with your molar teeth. Beware of newly invented matters, since every Bida’ is misguidance.’[5]

As for the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- saying in the hadeeth ‘All Bida’ is misguidance’ then this is from his comprehensive, eloquent speech. This statement is a great principle from the principles of the Deen and it resembles the saying of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘Whoever innovates anything in this matter of ours that which is not from it, will be rejected.’

Thus anyone who innovates and ascribes something to the Deen which has no foundation to which it can be referred, then it is misguidance which the Deen is free from, the one who innovates has the innovation rejected and it is not accepted from him.

The Deen of Allaah is built upon two great, strong principles and foundations. Firstly; That we do not worship except Allaah Alone who has no partner. Secondly; That we do not worship Him except with what He legislated on the tongue of His Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-. We do not worship Allaah according to our desires or Bida’.

And Allaah Ta’ala said :

<< Then We have put you on a plain way of (Our) commandment. So follow that and do not follow the desires of those who do not know. Verily, they can avail you nothing against Allaah >> [Al-Jathiyah : 18-19]

And Allaah Ta’ala said :

<< Or do they have partners with Allaah (false gods), who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not allowed. >> [Shura: 21]

It is not allowed for anyone to worship Allaah except with what His Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- legislated from obligatory and recommended actions. We do not worship Him with newly invented matters which have no foundation in the Deen nor any basis for them in the Sharia’. It is not allowed for anyone to worship anything except Allaah Alone, so no-one is allowed to pray except to Allaah, nor fast except for Allaah, nor perform the Hajj except to His house, nor rely upon anyone except Him, nor can anyone direct any aspect of worship to anyone except Him.[6]

Allaah combined these two great principles in His –
Subhanhu- statement :

<< So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.>>[Kahf :110]

A good action is that which is in agreement with the pure Sharia’ and is sincere i.e. that which is not done, except for Allaah’s Face. These are the two pillars for acceptance of actions. So if an action is done sincerely but is not correct then it will not be accepted and if the action is correct but is not done sincerely for Allaah, then it will not be accepted unless the action is sincere and correctwhere sincere means that it is done purely for Allaah and being correct means that it is done according to the Sunnah.

What is obligatory on every Muslim who hopes for success and happiness for himself in this world and the hereafter is that he attaches himself to the guidance of the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-, that his action conforms to his – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- Sunnah and that he is wary of deviating from his guidance, opposing his Sunnah or following other than his path; since he -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- is a guide and example for his nation, as Allaah Ta’ala said regarding him :

<< Indeed in the Messenger of Allaah you have a good example to follow for he who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allaah and the Last Day and remembers Allaah much. >> [Ahzab:21]

And He said :

<<The Prophet is closer to the believers than their ownselves >> [Ahzab: 6]

Which means : ‘He has more right over them in all aspects of the Deen and worldly affairs and he is of greater importance to them than their ownselves or anyone else. It is obligatory upon them to give what he determines from their wealth even if they are in need of it. It is obligatory upon them to have more love for him than for their ownselves, and it is obligatory upon them to put his rulings first, before their own rulings for their ownselves. In brief, if the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- calls them to something and they themselves call to something else then it is obligatory for them to give precedence to what he calls them to and to defer what they themselves call to. It is obligatory upon them to have obedience to him which supersedes obedience to their ownselves and that they prefer obedience to him before that which their ownselves incline to and their inner selves desire.’ [7]

There is no doubt that this necessitates that the Muslim strives to know the Sunnah and sacrifices time in the path to knowing the guidance of the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- – which is done by questioning the people of knowledge, sitting in the circles of remembrance where the rules of Halaal and Haraam are explained and also by reading beneficial books and useful works which collect these issues. So after that a Muslim can establish a path whereby he can worship correctly on a sound methodology, in agreement with the guidance of the noble Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.

[1] Saheeh Muslim
[2] Saheeh al-Bukharee
[3] Saheeh Muslim
[4] Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim
[5] Sunan Abee Dawood, Sunan at-Tirmidhee & Sunan Ibn majah
[6] Majmoo’Al-Fatawa by Ibn Taymeeyah
[7] Fath al-Qadeer

Posted from the below PDF:
Lessons Of Creed Acquired From The Hajj – Chapter 08 – Abbas Abu Yahya

On the Day of ‘Arafah – Shaykh AbdurRazzaq bin Abdul-Muhsin

Source: Lessons of Creed Acquired From The Hajj – By ‘AbdurRazzaq bin ‘Abdul-Muhsin al-Badr, Translated By Abbas Abu Yahya

Chapter Nine : On the Day of ‘Arafah

There is no doubt that the day of ‘Arafah is a great day from the blessed days of Allaah and is a large gathering from the gatherings of goodness, Eemaan and Taqwaa. It is a season which is welcomed with great importance. A season from the seasons of obedience and worship, a day where the shedding of tears increases, where there are continuous supplications, where mercy descends and shortcomings are rectified, a day where mistakes are forgiven, a day of hope and humility, submissiveness and humbleness.

Indeed it is a noble blessed day. The sun never rose on a day better than the day of ‘Arafah. Indeed it has been specified with noble merits, great privileges and important characteristics. It is no easy task to encompass all its characteristics, nor is it possible to fully investigate them all.

Indeed it is the day on which Allaah completed this Deen for the Ummah and completed His favour for them, as on that day the saying of Allaah Ta’ala was revealed:

<<This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you and have chosen for you Islaam as your religion.>> [al-Maida:3]

Nothing about the Halaal or Haraam was revealed after that day.

It is narrated by Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Tariq bin Shihaab who said:

‘A man from the Jews came to Umar bin al-Khattab – radiAllaahu anhu – and said: ‘O Ameer ul-Mumineen, indeed you read an Ayaah in your Book and had this Ayaah been revealed to us, the Jewish nation, we would have taken that day as a festival.’

So Umar -radiAllaahu anhu- said: ‘And which Ayaah is that?’

So he replied: the saying of Allaah

<<This day have I perfected your religion for you completed My favour upon you>>[al-Maida:3]

Then Umar said: I swear by Allaah, indeed I know on what day it was revealed to the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and the hour in which it was revealed to the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam. It was revealed in the evening of ‘Arafah on a Friday.’[1]

On this noble blessed day, there are many of Allaah’s slaves who are saved from Hellfire. Allaah is generous to His believing slaves and He boasts about them in front of the Angels that are near Him. It has been narrated by Muslim in his authentic book of hadeeth on the authority of ‘Aeysha – radiAllaahu anha – that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘There is no day on which Allaah frees as many slaves from the Hell-Fire as the day of ‘Arafah. Indeed He comes close to them, boasts about them to the Angels and then says: ‘What do they want?’[2]

Ibn Abdul Barr -Rahimullaah- said: ‘This indicates that they have been forgiven; because Allaah does not boast about the people who have mistakes and sins except after they have sought repentance and forgiveness.’[3]

It has been narrated by Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad on the authority of Abdullaah bin ‘Amr – radi Allaahu anhu – on the authority of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who said:

‘ Indeed Allaah Ta’ala boasts to His Angels with the people of ‘Arafah on the evening of ‘Arafah and says: Look at My slaves. They come to Me with dishevelled hair and covered in dust.’ [4]

Imam Ibn al-Qayyim -Rahimullaah- said in his famous poetry:

For Allaah is that great standing * Like the standing of the Day of Judgement, rather that is greater

And He The Jabbar –the Glorified- comes closer that Day * He boasts about them to what He possesses, but He is more generous

He says: My slaves have come to Me with love * and I am to them more Generous and more Merciful

So I testify that I have indeed forgiven their sins * and I have given them what they had hoped for and bestowed blessings

So be it glad tidings O people of that great place * by it Allaah forgives the sins and gives mercy

Al-Fudayl bin ‘Ayaad -Rahimullaah- stood in ‘Arafah and saw the sobbing and crying of the people during the evening of ‘Arafah, then said: ‘Do you not see if all these people came to a man and asked him for a small coin, would he refuse them?

They said, ‘No,’ so he replied: I swear by Allaah, that Allaah forgiving them is easier than this man trying to fulfil their request of a small coin.’ 5(1)

So this is why it is necessary for the Muslim who desires profit and gain on this blessed day to be humble to his Lord -Subhanahu- to humble himself for Him, lower himself in honour of Allaah, feel powerless in front of Him, hope for His mercy and forgiveness, fear His punishment and that which He hates, repent to Him from every sin that one’s hands have earned and from every mistake one’s feet walked towards.

The Muslim does not waste his time at this great place by going here and there or by chatting with this person and that person, rather he turns to his Lord and Protector, making much Dhikr (remembrance) and Dua’ (supplication), seeking forgiveness and begging from Him.

What is established in the hadeeth of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- is that he said:

‘The best supplication is the supplication of the day of ‘Arafat and the best thing which I and the Prophets before me have said is:

‘There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah Alone, He has no partner and to Him belongs the Dominion. To Him belongs the praise and He is capable/has power over all things.’[6]

La ilaha ‘illa Allaahu wahdahu la shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shayin qadeer

So the Day of ‘Arafah is a day of supplication and the best Dhikr (remembrance) is saying ‘There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah.’ The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to say the best Dhikr (remembrance) abundantly on the best of the days, since the best of days is the day of ‘Arafah and the best of Adhkaar (plural of Dhikr) is saying ‘There is none worthy of worship except Allaah.’ So saying the best of Adhkaar plentifully on the best of days is the most appropriate aim and match.

Indeed the statement: ‘There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah,’ which the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to say a great deal on the day of ‘Arafah, is the best of words, the most magnificent of all statements, the firmest handhold and it is a statement of Taqwaa and the key to the land of eternal happiness. It is the principle of the Deen and its foundation, and the head of its matter. Due to ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ (There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah) the heavens and the earth were established, the creation was created, the Messengers were sent and the Divine Books were revealed.

The excellence of these words and their status in the Deen are indescribable and greater than the claims of those who say they know its virtues. On the contrary, it has virtues and distinctions which could not ever enter one’s mind or one’s imagination. However, it is obligatory for the Muslim to know that ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ (There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah) is not accepted from the one who merely pays lip service to it, without establishing its rights and obligations or fulfilling its principles and conditions.

So, ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ (There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah), is not a statement with no meaning or reality, nor are they words without any content. Rather these great words indeed have a meaning which it is necessary to understand, which have to be comprehended and an aim which it is necessary to adopt. There is agreement amongst the people of knowledge that this statement is not beneficial if it is, either, merely pronounced without understanding its meaning, or if what it necessitates is not acted upon as Allaah Ta’ala said:

<< And those whom they invoke instead of Him have no power of intercession; except those who bear witness to the truth, and they know (the facts about the Oneness of Allaah)>> [az-Zuhkruf : 86]

which means: except those who testify ‘There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah’ and their hearts know the meaning of what their tongues declare. There is no doubt that this matter is of utmost importance and that it is fitting that every Muslim should concern himself with it fully and pay complete attention to it. Indeed ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ (There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah) does not benefit except the one who knows its meaning, both the negation and affirmation, and believes in and acts by it. As for the one who says it and acts upon it outwardly without believing in it then he is a hypocrite. As regards the one who says it and acts contrary to it with Shirk then he is a disbeliever. Also the one who says it and then apostatises from Islaam by rejecting something of what it necessitates from its rights, then it does not benefit him even if he says it a thousand times.

As for the one who says it and then directs any aspect of worship to other than Allaah, such that he supplicates to or seeks aid from other than Him or seeks 4help, assistance or victory from other than Allaah in those things where only Allaah has the capability, or other such similar acts of worship, then whoever directs away from Allaah that which is only befitting Him is a Mushrik, even if he says ‘There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah’. This is because this great statement entails making all worship purely for Allaah’s sake and not associating partners with Him, turning to Allaah Alone, without any partner, with humbleness and submissiveness, with striving and strong desire and turning repentantly with trust and reliance in supplication and request.

The companion of ‘There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah’ does not ask except from Allaah nor does he seek deliverance and rescue except from Allaah. He does not trust in or rely except upon Allaah nor does he have hope or longing for other than Allaah. He does not sacrifice except for Allaah nor does he avert any of the acts of worship to other than Allaah. He disbelieves in everything that is worshipped besides Allaah and he clears them away from
Allaah.[7]

[1] Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim
[2] Saheeh Muslim
[3] Al-Tamheed
[4] Al-Musnad
[5] Majliss fee Fadl yawm Arafat by Ibn Nasr ad-Deen ad-Damishqi
[6] Narrated by tirmidhee in Sunan from the hadeeth of Abdullah bin Amr. It was graded hasan by the ‘Allama al-Albani in silsilah as-Saheehah nad he said: ‘the hadeeth is Thabit due to the collection of supporting evidences.’
[7] Tayseer Azeez ul-Hameed

Posted from the below PDF:
Lessons Of Creed Acquired From The Hajj – Chapter 09 – Abbas Abu Yahya

Having Sincerity for Allaah During Supplication – Shaykh AbdurRazzaq bin Abdul-Muhsin

Lessons of Creed Acquired From The Hajj – By ‘AbdurRazzaq bin ‘Abdul-Muhsin al-Badr, Translated By Abbas Abu Yahya

Chapter 12

Having Sincerity for Allaah During Supplication

Indeed from the great acts of worship the Muslims increase upon and show great concern for during the Hajj is Dua’, which is the most important form and best type of worship. The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- described in the authentic hadeeth that Dua’ in itself is worship due to its great status and lofty nature. This is why there are many texts from the Qur’aan and Sunnah showing the great importance and high status of Dua’.

The texts comprise praise for making Dua’, encouragement to make Dua’ and inspire different ways to make Dua’, sometimes with a command to make Dua’, sometimes explaining its position and status, sometimes praising the people who make Dua’ and sometimes mentioning the great and different types of reward for those who make Dua’ and warning against those who neglect to make Dua’ or refuse to do so out of haughtiness or arrogance.

Allaah Ta’ala says:

<< Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret.  He likes not the aggressors. And do not do mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order and invoke Him with fear and hope; Surely, Allaah’s Mercy is (ever) near unto the good doers. >> [Araaf: 55-56]

And He says:

<< He is The Ever Living, Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), so invoke Him making your worship pure for Him Alone (by worshipping Him Alone, and none else, and by doing righteous deeds sincerely for Allaah’s sake only, and not to show off, and not to set up rivals with Him in worship). All the praises and thanks be to Allaah, The Lord of the all that exists >> [Ghafir: 65]

And He says:

<< And when My slaves ask you concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright. >> [al-Baqarah: 186]

And He says:

<< And your Lord said: ‘Invoke Me, (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me and do not believe in My Oneness,] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!’ >> [Ghafir:60]

There are many Ayaat with this meaning.

What increases the pilgrims in their concern for Dua’ and strengthens them in it during the Hajj is that they have combined the virtue and honour of the place they are in with the virtue and honour of the time period they are in, along with what descends upon their hearts of gentleness, humility and turning towards Allaah, especially on the Day of ‘Arafat which is the greatest and most noble of days.

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah -Rahimullaah- said:

‘Indeed it is known that on the evening of ‘Arafat Eemaan, mercy, light and blessings which cannot be expressed descend upon the hearts of the pilgrims.’[1]

It is established on the authority of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- regarding the great matter of Dua’ on the Day of ‘Arafat and in explanation of its excellence, that he said:

‘The best of Dua’ is the Dua’ of the Day of ‘Arafat.’[2]

Ibn Abdul Barr -Rahimullaah- said:

‘… and from the Fiqh of the previous hadeeth is that the Dua’ of the Day of ‘Arafat is better than all other Dua’. Also, in this hadeeth, is evidence that the Dua’s on the Day of ‘Arafat are all, generally, answered.’[3]

During Hajj there are specific places at which it is necessary for the Muslim to stop. It is appropriate to make Dua’ at these places emulating the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-, as it is established that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- would stop there, face the Qiblah and supplicate to Allaah Azza wa Jal.

There are six places in particular:

(1) In ‘Arafat – as previously mentioned.
(2) In the places of al-Haraam where the Hajj rites take place, as Allaah Ta’ala said:

<<Then when you leave ‘Arafat, remember Allaah at Mash’ar-il-Haram>> [al-Baqarah:198]

(3,4) On as-Safa and al-Marwa as is established in Saheeh Muslim from the hadeeth of Jaabir -RadhiAllaahu anhu- that when the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to stand on as-Safa he would say Allaahu Akbar three times and would say:

‘There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah Alone, He has no partners, to Him belongs the Dominion and for Him is all praise, and He is capable of all things.’ [4]

He would do that three times and make Dua’ and would do likewise on al-Marwa.’[5]

(5,6) After the stoning the two Jamaraat (the small one and medium one) as it is established in Saheeh Bukhari:

Abdullaah bin Umar –Radhi Allaahu anhu- used to stone the small Jamaarah with seven small pebbles and used to recite Takbeer on throwing each stone. He then, would proceed further until he reached level ground, where he would stay for a long time, facing the Qibla to supplicate to Allaah whilst raising his hands. Then he would stone the medium Jamaarah similarly and would go to the left towards the level ground, where he would stand for a long time facing the Qibla to supplicate to Allaah whilst raising his hands. Then he would stone the big Jamaarah from the middle of the valley but he would not stay by it. Ibn Umar used to say: ‘This is what I saw the Messenger of Allaah doing.’[6]

So these are the six places where it is established that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-stood, made Dua’ and raised his hands. Dua’ is a great matter and has a high status in Hajj. Generally, Dua’ has an innate nature in all aspects of worship, it is the spirit and essence of worship and it is established from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- that he said: ‘Dua’ is worship.’[7]

If making Dua’ has distinguished status and a high rank then it is obligatory upon the Muslim to have a great concern for the significance of Dua’. He should understand that he is bound by its conditions and should be refined by its manners. He should be on-guard to avoid any actions that would prevent a Dua’ from being answered and he should be aware of the times when Dua’ is most likely to be answered.

The most important matter in this great act that is necessary for the Muslim to check, is that his Dua’ is solely and sincerely for Allaah – Azza wa Jal. So he does not make Dua’ except to Allaah, he does not seek aid except from Allaah, nor does he request assistance, support and help or cure except from Allaah. This is because Dua’, as previously mentioned, is worship and directing any act of worship to other than Allaah is Major Shirk which takes a person outside of Islaam. We seek refuge in Allaah.

Allaah Ta’ala said:

<< And invoke not besides Allaah any that will neither profit you, nor hurt you, but if (in case) you did so, you shall certainly be one of the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers).

And if Allaah touches you with hurt, there is none who can remove it but He; and if He intends any good for you, there is none who can repel His Favour which He causes to reach whomsoever of His slaves He will. And He is The Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful >> [Yunus : 106-107]

<< And whoever invokes (or worships), besides Allaah, any other ilâh (god), for whom he has no proof, then his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely! the disbelievers will not be successful >> [al-Muminoon:117]

<< He is The Ever Living, Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), so invoke Him making your worship pure for Him Alone (by worshipping Him Alone, and none else, and by doing righteous deeds sincerely for Allaah’s sake only, and not to show off, and not to set up rivals with Him in worship). All the praises and thanks be to Allaah, The Lord of the all that exists >> [Ghafir: 65]

<< And the mosques are for Allaah (Alone), so invoke not anyone along with Allaah >>[Jinn : 18]

Again, there are many Ayaat with this meaning.

From the manners of making Dua’ is what Allaah Ta’ala mentioned in His saying:

<< Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret.  He likes not the aggressors. And do not do mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order and invoke Him with fear and hope; Surely, Allaah’s Mercy is (ever) near unto the good – doers >>[al-‘Aaraaf: 55-56]

In his Dua’, the Muslim combines bringing presence of the heart and the feeling of dire need of what is sought with the Dua’. He does this causing it to coincide with the best times for Dua’ along with Khushoo’ (humility) in the heart, subservience to his Lord, submission to Him, imploring Him, having graciousness, having faced the Qibla in a state of purification, raising his hands to Allaah, beginning with praise and exaltation of Allaah and joining this with prayer upon Muhammad -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who is His slave and Messenger. After this, he puts forward, to Allaah, his requests of repentance and forgiveness, then beseeches Allaah, earnestly asking of Him with total subservience to Him, supplicating to Him with fervent desire and dread and seeking closeness to Him with His Names, Attributes and Tawheed. He makes this Dua’ with sincerity and so this Dua’ is not about to ever be rejected. This is especially so if all of this coincides with supplications the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- taught as well as the best times and places for the answering of supplications along with the greatest Name of Allaah, whereby if He is asked He bestows and if He is called with it, He answers the supplication.

From the supplications established in the books of Sunnah is: that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- heard a man saying: ‘O Allaah. I ask of You, whereby I testify that You are Allaah, there is no god except You, The One, The SelfSufficient, Who is not begotten nor does He beget and there is none that resembles Him.’ So the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘Indeed you have asked Allaah with His greatest name which if He is asked by, He bestows, and if He is supplicated to with it, He answers.’[8]

[1] Majmoo’al-Fatwa (5/374)
[2] Narrated by tirmidhee in Sunan from the hadeeth of Abdullah bin Amr. It was graded hasan by the ‘Allama al-Albani in silsilah as-Saheehah nad he said: ‘the hadeeth is Thabit due to the collection of supporting evidences.’
[3] Tamheed (6/41)
[4] La ilaha ‘illa Allaahu wahdahu la shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shayin qadeer
[5] Saheeh Muslim
[6] Saheeh al-Bukharee
[7] Narrated by Ahmad and Tirmidhi
[8] Narrated by Abu Dawood, Tirmidhi, Nisa’ee in Sunan al-Kubra, Ibn Majah & Ibn Hibban.

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Lessons Of Creed Acquired From The Hajj – Chapter 12 – Abbas Abu Yahya

The Obligation of Having Sincerity When Slaughtering the Sacrificial Animal – Shaykh AbdurRazzaq bin Abdul-Muhsin

Source: Lessons of Creed Acquired From The Hajj – By ‘AbdurRazzaq bin ‘Abdul-Muhsin al-Badr, Translated By Abbas Abu Yahya

Chapter 10

The Obligation of Having Sincerity When Slaughtering the Sacrificial Animal

Indeed from the great days of Allaah is the day of an-Nahr, the tenth day from the month of Dhul-Hijjah, the day of the blessed ‘Eid al-Adha. This day has been called the day of an-Nahr because the Muslims seek closeness to Allaah on that Day by slaughtering grazing livestock (sheep, camels, cattle, goats). Pilgrims on this day slaughter their sacrificial animals and the Muslims in every scattered part of the earth slaughter their sacrificial animals too, seeking closeness to Allaah by doing so, Allaah Ta’ala said:

<<And for every nation We have appointed religious ceremonies, that they may mention the Name of Allaah over the beast of cattle that He has given them for food. And your (God) is One (God – Allaah), so you must submit to Him Alone (in Islaam). And give glad tidings to the Mukhbitin [those who obey Allaah with humility and are humble from among the true believers of Islaamic Monotheism],

Whose hearts are filled with fear when Allaah is mentioned; who patiently bear whatever may befall them (of calamities); and who perform the prayer and who spend (in Allaah’s Cause) out of what We have provided them.

And the Budn (cows, oxen, or camels driven to be offered as sacrifices by the pilgrims at the sanctuary of Makkah.) We have made for you as among the Symbols of Allaah, therein you have much good. So mention the Name of Allaah over them when they are drawn up in lines (for sacrifice). Then, when they are down on their sides (after slaughter), eat thereof, and feed the beggar who does not ask (men), and the beggar who asks (men). Thus have We made them subject to you that you may be grateful.

It is neither their meat nor their blood that reaches Allaah, but it is piety from you that reaches Him. Thus have We made them subject to you that you may magnify Allaah for His Guidance to you. And give glad tidings to the Muhsinûn (doers of good). >> [Hajj: 34-37]

The meaning of which is: The intent is not just slaughtering but, indeed what has been legislated for you is slaughtering this sacrifice so that you remember Allaah at the slaughter, as He indeed is The Creator and The Provider, it is not that He will take anything from its meat or its blood, for Allaah Ta’ala is in no need of other than Himself.

<< but it is piety from you that reaches Him>>

The meaning of which is: to have sincerity, hope of gaining reward, a good intention and a desire for the Face of Allaah by performing good actions. In 1this is a great encouragement and motivation to have sincerity in slaughtering and that the intent should be the Face of Allaah alone, because Allaah Ta’ala does not accept actions except those that are sincere, with which one only desires the Face of Allaah –Subhanahu- as Allaah Ta’ala said:

<<Say: “Verily, my prayer, my sacrifice, my living and my dying are for Allaah, The Lord of all that exists. He has no partner.  And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims.”>> [Anaam: 162-163]

Ibn Katheer –Rahimullaah- said in explanation of this Ayaah: ‘Allaah Ta’ala commands the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- to inform the Mushrikeen who worship other than Allaah and slaughter in other than His name, that he is in opposition to them in this. Indeed his prayer is for Allaah and his sacrifices are in the name of Allaah alone, Who has no partner. This is like the saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

<<Verily, my prayer, my sacrifice>> [Anaam: 162]

i.e. that your prayer and your slaughtering should be sincerely for Allaah. Indeed the Mushrikeen used to worship idols and slaughter for them, so Allaah Ta’ala ordered the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- to oppose them, to turn away from what they were upon and to face Allaah with purpose, intention and determination, doing so sincerely for Allaah Ta’ala.

Mujahid said regarding Allaah’s saying <<my prayer, my sacrifice>> i.e. ritual: slaughtering in the Hajj and Umrah.’

Ath-Thawri said on the authority of Sa’eed bin Jubair who said regarding the word:

<<my sacrifice>> : my slaughtering.

As-Saadi and Dhihaak also said the same thing.[1]

Slaughtering is a great act from the different types of worship with which the Muslims seek nearness to their Lord –Azza wa Jal – fulfilling rites for the sake of Allaah Ta’ala from slaughtering the sacrificial animal to vows to other such things. So it is not permissible to direct these acts of worship to other than Allaah.

It has been established in the authentic book of hadeeth by Muslim from the hadeeth of the Ameer ul-Mumineen ‘Alee bin Abu Taalib –radhiAllaahu anhuwho said: the Messenger of Allaah-sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- informed me of four statements:

‘Allaah’s curse is upon the one who slaughters for other than Allaah, Allaah’s curse is upon the one who curses his parents, Allaah’s curse is upon the one who gives shelter to an innovator and Allaah’s curse is upon the one who changes signposts which mark directions on the earth.’ [2]

Accursedness meaning exiled and being distant from the Mercy of Allaah. The most dangerous of these four matters, such that the one who does it is deserving of this punishment, is slaughtering for other than Allaah. This is why the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- mentioned it first, which shows the great danger of this matter, as slaughtering for other than Allaah is Shirk, whereas the other points mentioned are from the major sins but they do not reach the level of Shirk. Any type of slaughtering done for other than Allaah is Shirk even if what is slaughtered -seeking closeness to Allaah- is insignificant or small such as a fly or something similar to that. So how about the one seeking closeness while he sacrifices the best and the finest of animals?

It has been narrated by Imaam Ahmad in his book ‘az-Zuhd’, by Abu Na’eem in his book ‘al-Hileeya’ and in other places on the authority of Salman alFarsi –RadhiAllaahu anhu- with an authentic chain stopping at him, that he said:

‘A man entered Paradise due to a fly and another man entered the Fire due to a fly. They asked, ‘How is that?’ He replied: Two men from before your time passed by some people who had an idol and none could pass by them except that he had to sacrifice to their idol.

They said to one of the two men: Sacrifice something.

He said: I don’t have anything.

They said: Sacrifice something, even if it is a fly.

So he sacrificed a fly and passed by, then entered the Hell-fire.

They said to the other man: Sacrifice something.

He said: I never sacrifice anything for other than Allaah –Azza wa Jal. So they chopped his head off and he entered Paradise.’[3]

This shows the wickedness of Shirk and the severity of its danger that, even if it is with something small, it obligates entry into Hell-fire. So, when the first man sacrificed a despicable and the vilest of animals, a fly, for the idol his reward was the Fire due to him committing Shirk in the worship of Allaah. If this is the case of the one who sacrificed by slaughtering a fly, then what is the state of the one who fattens a camel or a sacrificial animal then slaughters it for the one he worships other than Allaah such as graves, tombs, stones, trees or anything else.

Imaam ash-Shawakaani –Rahimullaah- said in his book ‘Sharh as-Sadoor’: ‘This is from the causes of extreme evil, by which the evil companion is thrown behind the wall of Islaam from the highest point of the Deen and lands on his skull. So much so that many of them come with the best of the livestock they possess and the most excellent of what they have of sheep and cattle, then they slaughter them at the graves seeking closeness to them and hoping that this (closeness) can be attained from the graves. So they sacrifice for other than Allaah and, as a result, they worship one from amongst the idols, because there is no difference between slaughtering for the erected stones they call idols and slaughtering for and at the grave of the deceased calling it a grave.

A simple difference in description does not affect something’s being Halaal or being Haram. The one who calls alcohol by other than its true name and drinks it has the same ruling as the one who calls alcohol by its name and drinks it, there is no difference of opinion amongst any of the Muslims in this.

There is no doubt that slaughtering is one type from the different types of worship for Allaah, similar to slaughtering the sacrificial animal and atonement. So the one who seeks closeness to the inhabitant of the grave and slaughters for it does not have any other intent in so-doing except to glorify and honour the grave, to seek to attain goodness from it and to fend off evil due to it. This is, no doubt, worship and it suffices as evil just to hear of it. There is no power or might except with Allaah, The Most High, The Most Great, to Allaah we belong and to Him is our return. The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘In Islaam there is no slaughtering animals near graves.’

Abdur-Razzaq Sanaani said: ‘They used to slaughter at the grave, i.e. cows and sheep’ as narrated by Abu Daawood with an authentic chain of narration on the authority of Anas ibn Maalik.’

Indeed Imaam ash-Shawakaani –Rahimullaah- was very eloquent in his advice and very good in warning against this dangerous issue. We ask Allaah, The Most Noble that He saves us all from falling into any of this and that He makes all our actions sincerely for His Noble Face, in accordance with the Sunnah of His Prophet Muhammad -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam. Indeed Allaah is The Most Generous and The Most Noble.

[1] Tafseer Ibn Katheer (3/377)
[2] Saheeh Muslim
[3] Az-Zuhud p.32,33 & al-Hileeyah (1/203)

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Lessons Of Creed Acquired From The Hajj – Chapter 10 – Abbas Abu Yahya

Zamzam Water and the Answered Supplication – Shaykh al-Albaani

source: silsilat ul-hudaa wa nnoor – the series of guidance and light – tape no. 814

~

Question #13: “The du’aa (supplication) is answered when drinking zamzamwater, so is this particularly in Makkah or in any place?”

Shaykh al-Albaani (rahimahullaah) answers:

“The first one (i.e., particularly in Makkah) is that which I consider to be correct.”

~

asaheeha translations

Some Ahadeeth regarding Hajj and Umrah – Shaykh al-Albanee

Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah  of Shaykh Al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Part A

1- 1527 – On the authority of Zaid bin Khalid al-Juhanee, on the authority of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – who said:

‘Jibraeel came to me and said: O Muhammad! Order your Companions to raise their voices with the Talbeeyah (proclamation for Hajj or Umrah), since it is from the signs of Hajj.’

No. 830

2- 1528- On the authority of Ibn Abbas in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘Be regular with (in another narration: follow up) the Hajj and the Umrah since they wipe out poverty and sins, just as the furnace separates the slag from the iron.’

No. 1185 & 1200

3- 1531 – On the authority of Ibn Abbas who said that the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘If you stone the Jamaar (pillars) it will be like light for you on the Day of Judgement.’

No. 2515

4- 1533 – On the authority of ‘Aeysha in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘When you have completed your Hajj then you should hasten your journey to your family, since it is greater in its reward.’

No. 1379

5- 1536 – On the authority of Ibn Abbas: that the Quraish said: Indeed Muhammad and his Companions had been weakened by the fever of Yathrib (Madina).  So when the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam came in the year that he performed Umrah he said to his Companions: ‘walk briskly around the House (Ka’ba) so theMushrikeen can see your strength.’

So when they walked briskly, the Quraish said: They have not weakened.’

No. 2573

6- 1537 – The Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Stone the Jamarah with pebbles like the size of chick peas.’

No. 1437

7- 1538 – On the authority of Ibn Umar in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘Appreciate this House (Ka’ba) since it has been destroyed twice and the third time it will be raised up.’

No. 1451

Part B

8- 1539 – The Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘O Allaah this Hajj has no ostentation in it nor any hypocrisy.’

No. 2617

9- 1544 – On the authority of Jaabir in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘The goodness of Hajj is feeding people and good speech.’

No. 1264

10- 1541 – The Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Indeed Allaah says: Indeed I have made a slave’s body healthy and given him adequate livelihood and five years have passed and he has not come and redeemed himself to Me, as a pilgrim.’

No. 1662

11- 1547 – On the authority of Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq who said that the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- was asked:

‘What is the best Hajj?’

He answered

‘The one where you raise your voice reciting theTalbeeyah and you slaughter an animal.’

No. 1500

12- 1548 – On the authority of Jaabir who said: the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Pilgrims for Hajj and Umrah are the delegates of Allaah. He called them and they responded, they asked of Him and He gave them.’

No. 1820

13- 1554 – On the authority of Fadl bin Abbas who said

the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said to the people when they left on the evening of ‘Arafat and Muzdalifah: ‘You should be tranquil.’ He said this while he was preventing his female camel from speeding.  Until he entered Mina and he descended in a place between Mina and Muzdalifah, then he said: ‘You should take pebbles the size of chick peas, with which you can stone theJamarah.’

No. 2144

14- 1560 – On the authority of ‘Aeysha that she would carry Zam-Zam water, and she would say that

The Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to carry Zam-Zam water in leather water sacks and jugs, and he used to pour it on the sick and give it to them to drink.’

No. 883

Part C

15- 1561 – On the authority of ‘Uthmaan bin ‘Affan :

the Messenger– sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to cover his face while he was a Muhrim (in a state of Ihram).’

No. 2899

16- 1562 – On the authority of Ibn Abbas:

the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to visit the House (Ka’ba) every night from the nights of Mina.’

No. 804

17- 1563 – On the authority of Abdullaah bin ‘Amr who said

the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to place his chest, face, forearms and hands between the Black Stone and the door of the Ka’ba,’ in hisTawwaf.’

No. 2138

18- 1566 – On the authority of Jaabir who said:

we used to preserve the slaughtered meat and take it to Madina during the time of the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.’

No. 805

19 – 1569 – On the authority of Abu Huraira in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘A person does not ever makeTalbeeyah except he is given glad tidings, nor does a person ever sayTakbeer except he is given glad tidings.’

It was asked: ‘With Paradise?’

He answered: ‘Yes.’

No. 1621

20 – 1570 – On the authority of ‘Aeysha that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘There is no other day in which Allaah frees more slaves from the fire than the Day of ‘Arafah. Indeed, He comes close to them then boasts about them to the Angels and then He says: ‘What do these people want?’

No. 2551

21- 1571- On the authority of ‘Uqbah bin ‘Aamr al-Juhanee who said: ‘My sister vowed that she would walk to the Ka’ba barefoot and unveiled.  So the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- came to her and said: ‘What is wrong with this woman?’

They said: She vowed to walk to the Ka’ba barefoot and unveiled!

So he said: ‘Order her to take a ride, cover herself, perform the Hajj and slaughter an animal.’

No. 2930

22- 1573 – On the authority of Abdullaah bin Umar who said I heard the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- saying:

‘Whoever makes seven circuits of Tawwaf around the House (Ka’ba) and prays two Rakats,  it is the same as freeing a slave.’

No. 2725

Kissing the Black Stone and Touching the Yemeni Corner – Shaykh AbdurRazzaq al-Badr

Lessons of Creed Acquired From the Hajj
By ‘AbdurRazzaq bin ‘Abdul-Muhsin al-Badr
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Chapter Seven

Kissing the Black Stone and Touching theYemeni Corner [1]

What preceded was a discussion of the excellence of Tawaaf of the House of Allaah al-Haraam, the great act of worship and important act of obedience which is a pillar from the pillars of Hajj and Umrah and that it is prescribed for this one place only, as AllaahTa’ala said:

وَلۡيَطَّوَّفُواْ بِٱلۡبَيۡتِ ٱلۡعَتِيقِ

<< and circumambulate the Ancient House (the Ka’ba at Makkah). >>

[Hajj: 29]

So it is not permissible to make Tawaaf of domes, graves, tombs or other things; since these matters clash with the principles of the Sharia’ and they oppose the reality ofTawheed, because it involves associating and equating the created with The Creator -Subhanahu.

The discussion of a part of this issue, with a brief explanation, has already preceded.  As for what we will discuss here, by Allaah’s permission, regarding another lesson and benefit for the Muslim is what happens when he reaches the House of Allaah al-Haraamto perform Tawaaf of it.  It is legislated at this place to kiss the black stone and touch the Yemeni corner in obedience to Allaah and in imitation of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam. There are very many proofs which explain the legality of it and show that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam did this when he came to the House of Allaah al-Haraam.

It has been narrated by Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of Abdullaah bin Umar bin al-Khattab –RadhiAllaahu anhu- who said : ‘I saw the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam when he came to Makkah.  He touched the black corner (the black stone) at the beginning of his Tawaaf and he would jog the first three of the seven circuits.[2]

It is narrated by Muslim in the hadeeth of Jaabir bin AbdAllaah, who said that: ‘When the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam came to Makkah he entered the Masjid and touched the stone, he then began from the right hand side.  He jogged for three circuits and walked for four………..’[3]

Hence, the Muslims also kiss the stone imitating the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, following his guidance and adhering to his Sunnah; rejecting any belief that the Black Stone could bring benefit or harm or give or withhold.  This is why the Ameer ul-Mumineen, Umar bin al-Khattaab -RadiAllaahu anhu- said, as he kissed the Black stone:

‘Indeed I  know that you are a stone and you cannot cause benefit or harm.  If it were not that I saw the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamkiss you, I would not have kissed you.’

Narrated by Bukhari and  Muslim.

Ibn Jareer at-Tabaree -Rahimullaah- said:

‘Verily, Umar said this because the people had newly entered Islaam after having left the worship of idols.  So Umar feared that some of the ignorant people would take the act of touching of the stone to signify glorification of stones or rocks as had been the practice of previous Arabs in times of ignorance.  Umar intended to teach the people that he only touched this stone imitating the action of the Messenger of Allaah, not because the stone itself caused harm or benefit, which they had previously believed about their idols.’[4]

As for what has been narrated in the hadeeth of Abu Saeed that Alee, when Umar said this, responded by saying. ‘Indeed it does harm and benefit’ and went on to mention how Allaah took covenants from the sons of Aadam and they were written upon parchement which were devoured by the stone.  He continued, ‘I heard the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam say:

‘The black Stone will be brought on the Day of Judgment, it will have a tongue and it will testify for those upon Tawheed who touched it.’

Then, this narration is not established from the Ameer ul-Mumineen, Alee bin Abu Taalib.  Hafidh Ibn Hajr said in Fath ul-Bari: ‘In its chain is Abu Haroon al-Abdee and he is very weak.’[5]

Abu Haroon, the narrator of this narration is Matrook Hadeeth (his narrations are not accepted) according to the people of knowledge, some even call him a liar! an-Nisaee mentions that he is ‘Matrook al-Hadeeth’.  Hamaad Ibn Zayd said ‘Abu Haroon al-Abdee is a liar, in the morning he says one thing and  in the evening another!’

Al Jawzajani said of him ‘a slandering liar’ and Ibn Hibban said of him ‘I used to narrate from Abu Saeed that which was not narrated by him. It is not permissible to write his hadeeth except from the standpoint of amazement!!’[6]

So how can anyone support this narration if this, according to the people of knowledge, is the state of the narrator.

Thus what is prescribed is kissing of the Black stone only and if you cannot do so then touching it.  If it is not possible to kiss or touch it then pointing to it is sufficient.

It is also legislated to touch the Yemeni corner, as found in the two authentic books.  On the authority of Abdullaah bin Umar bin al-Khattaab –RadiAllaahu anhu-  ‘I did not see the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam touch any part of the House except the two Yemeni corners.’[7]

This clarifies that it is not legislated to touch any part of the House other than the twoYemeni corners, namely the Black stone and the Yemeni corner.

Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah said: ‘No corners other than the two Yemeni corners are to be touched and not the Shami corners.  The Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – specifically touched them because they are from the foundations laid by Ibraheem whilst the other corners are from inside the House.  Thus the Black stone is touched and kissed and the Yemeni corner is touched but not kissed.  The remaining two corners are not touched or kissed. Al-Istislaam is to touch with the hand.

Concerning the remaining parts of the House and the Station of Ibraheem, the entiremasjid and its walls, graves of Prophets and righteous people, such as the house of our Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, the cave of Ibraheem, the place in which our Prophet used to pray in and other places such as the graves of the Prophets and the righteous people and the stone in Bait al-Maqdis, then none of these are to be touched or kissed and the Imaams are all in agreement on this.’[8]

There are great lessons and benefits which the Muslim derives from the fact that touching and kissing is only legislated at the above-mentioned specific place.  The evidence does not allow these acts to be performed at other than these two places.  Thus the Muslim does this in obedience to Allaah and imitating His Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.  The Muslim does not believe that in doing this (i.e. touching/kissing) he will receive any benefit or ward off any harm, as in the preceding explanation of the Ameer ul-Mumineen, Umar bin Khattab, where he kissed the Black stone and said as much in front of the people in order to teach and guide them.

As previous texts have illustrated, touching or kissing the walls of the Ka’ba at other than the Yemeni corners or the Black stone is not from the Sunnah.  The texts show that touching or kissing the station of Ibraheem is, likewise, not from the Sunnah as nothing regarding this has been narrated from the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.

If it (i.e. touching/kissing) is not permissible with the Ka’bah itself -whose sacredness over all other Masajid and places is well-known- then it is not permissible at the Station of Ibraeem, about which Allaah says:

وَٱتَّخِذُواْ مِن مَّقَامِ إِبۡرَٰهِ‍ۧمَ مُصَلّٗىۖ

<< And take the Maqaam (place) of Ibraheem [or the stone on which Ibraheem stood while he was building the Ka’bah] as a place of prayer>>

[al-Baqarah : 125]

Even though it is known that there is the Station of Ibraheem in Shaam, and other places, along with the other places of the Prophets lesser than this one, Allaah has only ordered us to take this particular, one station as a place of prayer.  Yet even so, we are not allowed to touch it or kiss it, as there is no evidence to sanction such an action.

So Know! That the rest of places cannot be made places of prayer nor can you touch or kiss any of them.  In fact there is no one thing on the face of this earth other than the Black stone that it has been made allowed to kiss.[9]

As for those ignorant people -who encourage one another to gather around shrines and tombs etc- they kiss, rub and touch them.  They seek blessings from them and request their help and aid.  All of this has nothing at all to do with the Deen.  On the contrary, it is clear misguidance and a great lie.

Shaykh ul Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah said: ‘As for touching/rubbing a grave, regardless of whose it is, kissing it or placing one’s cheek upon it then this is prohibited by the consensus of the Muslims, even if they were the graves of the Prophets.  Neither anyone from the Salaf of this Ummah nor from the Imaams did it, rather this is fromShirk.’[10]


[1] This Highly beneficial booklet was compiled from a series of lectures that the Shaykh delivered in Masjid Quba for the visiting pilgrims.  It was translated by Allaah’s blessings in 1423 A.H. in the Prophetic City of al-Madina.

 

[2] Saheeh al-Bukharee  and Saheeh Muslim

[3] Saheeh Muslim

[4] Fath al-Bari

[5] Fath al-Bari

[6] Tahdheeb al-Kamal by al-Mizzi

[7] Saheeh al-Bukharee  and Saheeh Muslim

[8] Al-Fatawa

[9] Al-Fatawa by Ibn Taymeeyah

[10] Al-Fatawa

Tawwaf of the House of Allaah al-Haraam – Shaykh ‘AbdurRazzaq al-Badr

Lessons of Creed Acquired From the Hajj
By ‘AbdurRazzaq bin ‘Abdul-Muhsin al-Badr
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya 

Chapter Six

Tawwaf of the House of Allaah al-Haraam

Indeed from the great lessons that benefits the pilgrim is when he reaches the Ancient House and carries out that great act of worship which is: Tawwaf of the House of Allaahal-Haraam.  He sees all those pilgrims performing Tawwaf in obedience to Allaah and fulfilling His command.

What benefits him in this situation is that which is well-known; the important state and noble value of this worship and the great intensity with which it enters the hearts of the believers.  This is especially so when the large masses of believers are all dressed in one type of clothing and are of uniform appearance, circling the House of Allaah, saying: ‘SubhanAllaah, La illaah ill Allaah and Allaahu Akbar’ (Far is Allaah from imperfection, There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah and Allaah is the Greatest), supplicating to their Noble Lord, beseeching Him for success, asking of Him and turning to Him in prayer.

Every single one of them is making a Tawwaf of seven circuits, all of them beginning at the black stone and ending at it and this is what the Tawwaf is: going around the Ka’baseven times with the intention of Tawwaf, in worship of Allaah, starting with the black stone and ending at it, with the Ka’ba on their left hand side.  The Muslims do this in obedience to Allaah and in imitation of the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, and, for each person, the level of perfection for this act of worship is the equivalent to how much he followed the Noble Messenger– sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.

Tawwaf is the first action a Muslim does when he reaches Makkah.  It is narrated by Bukhari and Muslim on the authority of ‘Ayesha -radiAllaah anha – who said:

‘Indeed the first action the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam performed when he reached Makkah was that he made Wudhoo, then he made the Tawwaf.’[2]

It has been narrated by Muslim in his authentic book on the authority of Jaabir ibn Abdullaah – radiAllaah anhu – who described the Hajj of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam saying:

‘…until we came to the House with the Prophet, where he touched the corner (black stone), then briskly walked the first three circuits and calmly walked four circuits.’[3]

It has also been narrated by Bukhari and Muslim from the Hadeeth of Ibn Umar – radiAllaah anhu- ‘that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam if he madeTawwaf in the Hajj or Umrah, the first thing he would begin with was walking briskly for three circuits and walking the remaining four normally.  Then, he prostrated twice (i.e. he prayed two rakahs) and, next, walked between as-Safa and al-Marwah.’[4]

The evidences in the Book and the Sunnah showing the legislation of Tawwaf of the House of Allaah al-Haraam are numerous and there are multiple narrations from the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.  This is proof that this action brings one closer to Allaah and it is obedience from Allaah’s slaves that He loves.  He has legislated it for them and commanded them with it, urged them to carry it out and made it a rite from the rites whereby His House al-Haraam is intended as He said :

وَأَذِّن فِي ٱلنَّاسِ بِٱلۡحَجِّ يَأۡتُوكَ رِجَالٗا وَعَلَىٰ كُلِّ ضَامِرٖ يَأۡتِينَ مِن كُلِّ فَجٍّ عَمِيقٖ ٢٧ لِّيَشۡهَدُواْ
مَنَٰفِعَ لَهُمۡ وَيَذۡكُرُواْ ٱسۡمَ ٱللَّهِ فِيٓ أَيَّامٖ مَّعۡلُومَٰتٍ عَلَىٰ مَا رَزَقَهُم مِّنۢ بَهِيمَةِ ٱلۡأَنۡعَٰمِۖ فَكُلُواْ مِنۡهَا
وَأَطۡعِمُواْ ٱلۡبَآئِسَ ٱلۡفَقِيرَ ٢٨ ثُمَّ لۡيَقۡضُواْ تَفَثَهُمۡ وَلۡيُوفُواْ نُذُورَهُمۡ وَلۡيَطَّوَّفُواْ بِٱلۡبَيۡتِ ٱلۡعَتِيقِ

<<And proclaim to mankind the Hajj.  They will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, they will come from every deep and distant mountain highway (to performHajj).  That they may witness things that are of benefit to them and mention the Name of Allaah on the appointed days, over the livestock animals that He has provided for them.  Then eat thereof and feed therewith the poor having a hard time.  Then let them complete their prescribed duties and perform their vows, and circumambulate the Ancient House.>>

[al-Hajj: 27-29]

Indeed Allaah appointed His Prophet and friend, Ibraheem, along with his son Ismaeel, the Prophet of Allaah –alayhis Sallat wa Sallam, to sanctify the House, build its foundations and prepare it for those who would perform Tawwaf, stand up for prayer, make Rukoo and make Sujood, Allaah says :

وَعَهِدۡنَآ إِلَىٰٓ إِبۡرَٰهِ‍ۧمَ وَإِسۡمَٰعِيلَ أَن طَهِّرَا بَيۡتِيَ لِلطَّآئِفِينَ وَٱلۡعَٰكِفِينَ وَٱلرُّكَّعِ ٱلسُّجُودِ

<<and We commanded Ibraheem and Isma’eel that they should purify My House (the Ka’bahat Makkah) for those who are circumbulating it, staying (in it i.e. in I’tikâf), bowing or prostrating themselves (there, in prayer) >> [al-Baqarah : 125]

In addition, He says:

وَإِذۡ بَوَّأۡنَا لِإِبۡرَٰهِيمَ مَكَانَ ٱلۡبَيۡتِ أَن لَّا تُشۡرِكۡ بِي شَيۡ‍ٔٗا وَطَهِّرۡ بَيۡتِيَ لِلطَّآئِفِينَ وَٱلۡقَآئِمِينَ وَٱلرُّكَّعِ ٱلسُّجُودِ

<<And (remember) when We showed Ibraheem the site of the (Sacred) House (the Ka’bah at Makkah) (saying): “Associate not anything (in worship) with Me, and sanctify My House for those who circumambulate it, those who stand up for prayer, and those who bow and prostrate (in prayer)”>>[Hajj: 26]

It becomes clear from what has preceded that Tawwaf of the Ancient House is a noble act of worship and great act of obedience that Allaah loves from His slaves.  He has legislated it and ordained it for them.  He has prepared a great reward and many gains for those performing the TawwafTawwaf of the House is a pillar from the pillars ofHajj, just as it is also a pillar from the pillars of Umrah.  This shows the great importance and high status of the Tawwaf with Allaah; since neither the Hajj nor theUmrah can be complete without it.

Indeed, in this great act, the Muslim learns great lessons and attains significant benefits, which is that this significant act of worship – by which I mean the Tawwaf – was legislated for this place alone, around the House of Allaah al-Haraam, as preceding texts from the Book and Sunnah have shown and there are many other texts as well.

Due to this, the Muslim comes to know that making Tawwaf in any place of the world other than this place is not legislated and there is nothing that proves its legislation.  Rather it is misguidance and false to make the houses of the creation equal with the House of the Creator; that place that He -Subhanahu- commanded to be established for His remembrance, obedience and to be faced in His -Subhanahu- worship.  There is no difference amongst the people of knowledge regarding the futility of making Tawwafin any area or location other than the House of Allaah al-Haraam.

So it  is not permissible to make Tawwaf around domed shrines or graves, nor around tombs, trees, stones or anything else, and there are many, many narrations from the people of knowledge regarding this.  Perhaps, if time allows, I will mention some of their statements.

Imaam an-Nawawee -Rahimullaah- said in his book ‘al-Majmoo Sharh al-Muhadhib’: ‘and it is not permissible to make Tawwaaf of his grave sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.’

He continues after mentioning some points: ‘A person should not be deceived by many of the common people performing this Tawwaf because following the Sunnah and performing an action is only done by following the Ahaadeeth and the sayings of the scholars; no attention is paid to the innovations and ignorance of the common people or other then them.  It is affirmed in the two authentic books on the authority of ‘Ayesha -RadiAllaah anha: that the Messenger of Allaah –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-said:

‘Whoever innovates in this matter of ours that which is not from it then it is rejected.’[5]

Also in the narration of Muslim :

‘Whoever does an action that we have not commanded then it will be rejected.’[6]

And on the authority of Abu Huraira – radiAllaah anhu – who said that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said :

‘Do not frequent my grave, and send prayers upon me, as your prayers reach me from wherever you are.’

Narrated by Aboo Dawood with an authentic chain,[7]

Fudayl bin ‘Ayaad -Rahimullaah-  said the meaning of which is : ‘Follow the paths of guidance and you will not be harmed due to being a small number of followers.  Beware of the paths of misguidance and do not be deceived by the large number of ruined ones.’

Whosoever thinks that wiping his hands on graves and shrines, and other things similar to this, is more effective for receipt of blessings then this is from his ignorance and negligence; because receiving blessings can only be by way of that which is in accordance with the Sharia’, and how can good be achieved by opposing that which is correct.’[8]

Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah -Rahimullaah- said :  ‘And Indeed the Muslims are agreed that it is not legislated to make the Tawaaf except of Bait-ul-Mamoor.  It is not allowed to make Tawaaf of the rock of Bait ul-Maqdis, nor of the Prophet’s house sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, nor of the dome which is in the mountain of ‘Arafat, nor in any other place.’[9]

He also said : ‘There is no place on earth like the Ka’ba where you can make Tawaaf.  Whoever believes that making Tawaaf of other than the Ka’ba is legislated, then that is a worse evil than the one who believes that it is permissible to pray facing other than the Ka’ba.

This is because the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and the Muslims prayed facing Bait ul- Maqdis for eighteen months when he first migrated from Makkah to Madina.  That was the Qiblah of the Muslims for that period, then Allaah changed theQiblah to the Ka’ba and revealed this in the Qur’aan as is mentioned in Sooratul Baqaraah.  The Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and the Muslims prayed towards the Ka’ba and so it became a Qiblah.  It is the Qiblah of Ibraheem and other than him, from the Prophets.

So whoever today takes the rock as a Qiblah and prays facing it then he is a disbeliever, an apostate and he is made to repent- so he either repents or he is killed.  This is even though it used to be a Qiblah but has since been abrogated.  So what is the condition of one who takes it as a place for Tawaaf, just as one would make Tawaafof the Ka’ba?  Making Tawaaf of other than the Ka’ba has not been legislated by Allaah in any way whatsoever……….’[10]

Therefore, with this research mentioned by Imaam an-Nawawee, Shaykh-ul- Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah and other then them from amongst the people of knowledge, the severe evil and danger of making Tawaaf of any place other than the House of Allaahal-Haraam– which Allaah gave permission to make Tawaaf around- becomes clear.

As far as what some of the ignorant people do where they make Tawaaf around graves, domes, shrines or anything else like this, then none of this is from the Deen of Allaah; rather it is from the whisperings of the Shaytaan and the legislation of Iblees; if it is not, then where is it to be found in the Book and the Sunnah: ‘make Tawaaf of the grave of so-and-so’ or of the tomb of so-and-so’, or things of this nature?  Allaah is The Most High above what they describe and He is far from the imperfection of what they associate with Him.


[1] This Highly beneficial booklet was compiled from a series of lectures that the Shaykh delivered in Masjid Quba for the visiting pilgrims.  It was translated by Allaah’s blessings in 1423 A.H. in the Prophetic City of al-Madina.

[2] Saheeh al-Bukharee  and Saheeh Muslim

[3] Saheeh Muslim

[4] Saheeh al-Bukharee  and Saheeh Muslim

[5] Saheeh al-Bukharee  and Saheeh Muslim

[6] Saheeh Muslim

[7] Sunan Abee Dawood

[8] Al-Majmoo’Sharh al-Muhadhab

[9] Al-Fatawa

[10] Al-Fatawa

An Explanation of Number of Benefits Gained From The Talbiyaah – Shaykh AbdurRazzaq al-Badr

Lessons of Creed Acquired From the Hajj
By ‘AbdurRazzaq bin ‘Abdul-Muhsin al-Badr

Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Chapter Five

An Explanation of a Number of Benefits Gained From The Talbiyaah[1]

Indeed the words in the proclamation relate to a very important matter and have a profound explanation.  We previously discussed the proof for the words of theTalbiyaah containing the implementation of Tawheed and the rejection of Shirk.  There is no doubt that these are great words which comprise important meanings with distinguished aims and many benefits.  The people of knowledge have pointed out the great significance of these words and the magnitude of what they comprise, of benefits and gains.  The Imaam and great scholar Ibn al-Qayyim mentioned a complete section, giving an extended explanation and discussion of this, in his book ‘Tahdeeb as-Sunnan’.[2]

He said: ‘And indeed the words in the Talbiyaah consist of great principles and magnificent benefits…’  and he mentioned twenty one benefits.  Here I will summarise a number of these magnificent benefits extracted from the Talbiyaah and from what Ibn al-Qayyim mentioned:

So from these benefits is:

  • Your saying: ‘Labbayk’ (here I am).  This includes the response to your supplication by The One supplicated to and the response to your call by The One called upon.  It is not correct linguistically or intellectually that you call someone who does not speak or that you supplicate to someone who cannot answer you, so in this is the affirmation of the attribute of Allaah’s Speech.
  • That the Talbiyaah includes love.  ‘Labbayk’ (here I am) is not said except to The One who is loved and glorified.  This is why it is said of its meaning: ‘I am directing myself towards You with what You love’, and it is said: a woman is beloved. i.e. beloved to her son.
  • That the Talbiyaah comprises an adherence to a continuous (al-Uboodiyah) worship, so this is why it is said: the Talbiyaah is taken from the word al-Iqamah (establishment), i.e.: I am established on Your obedience.
  • It includes humility and submissiveness, i.e. humility and more humility, in what they say: I am responding here in front of You, i.e. with humbleness and submissiveness.
  • It comprises al-Ikhlaas (sincerity), that is, it is said: the Talbiyaah is taken from the word al-Lubb (the core) and it is something pure.

From the benefits of the Talbiyaah are that:

  • It comprises an affirmation that Allaah, The Lord, hears; since it is impossible that a man will say ‘Labbayk’ (here I am) to someone who will not hear his supplication.
  • It includes coming closer to Allaah, since it is said: that the Talbiyaah is taken from the word al-ilbaab (establishing) and that is seeking nearness.
  • The Talbiyaah is used as a distinction between moving from one state to another and from one rite to another in Ihraam, just as the Takbeer (sayingAllaahu Akbar) in the prayer is a cause for moving from one pillar of the prayer to another.  This is why it is the Sunnah to say the Talbiyaah up until the start of the Tawaaf at which point you break off from the Talbiyaah.  Then (after that), the pilgrim again begins to say the Talbiyaah until he stands at ‘Arafat, then he breaks off the Talbiyaah.  The pilgrim then resumes the Talbiyaah until he stands at Muzdalifah then he breaks off from it.  Then he makes theTalbiyaah until he stones the Jamaraatul-‘Aqabah (the Large Pillar) then he stops making Talbiyaah.  Therefore, the Talbiyaah is a sign of Hajj and a (sign of) change in the actions of its rites.  So, when the pilgrim moves from one action to another action he says: ‘Labbayk Allaahumma Labbayk’, just as the one praying says ‘Allaahu Akbar’ when he moves from one act to another.  So, when he completes his rites, he breaks off from the Talbiyaah, just as the one praying says the Tasleem (saying salaams at the end of the prayer) which cuts him off from his Takbeer.
  • The Talbiyaah is a sign of Tawheed and the creed of Ibraheem – alayhis Sallat wa Sallam, which is the spirit of Hajj and its purpose.  On the contrary, it is the spirit of all acts of worship and its purpose.  This is why the Talbiyaah is the key to this act of worship, wherewith a person enters into the Hajj.

From its benefits is that it contains the key to Paradise and the door of Islaam whereby Paradise and Islaam are entered. It is also the statement of al-Ikhlaas and the testification for Allaah that He has no partners.

From the benefits of the Talbiyaah is that it includes the fact that all praise (al-Hamd) is for Allaah, which is the most beloved thing whereby a slave comes closer to Allaah.  It is the first thing that the people of Paradise will call with and ‘al-Hamd’ is the opening and completion of the prayer.

From its benefits is that it comprises the acknowledgement that all blessings belong to Allaah and this is why the word an-Ni’ma (الـنعـم) (the blessing) is in the definite form, meaning that it includes everything i.e. that all blessings are for You [O Allaah ] and You are The Lord of blessings and the One who gives blessings.

From its (benefits); the Talbiyaah includes the acknowledgement that all the dominion belongs to Allaah Alone, thus there is, in actuality, no dominion for anyone other than Him.

Also from its benefits: The Talbiyaah includes a notification of the combination of al-Mulk (the dominion), an-Ni’mah (the blessings) and al-Hamd (the praise) and that all of these are for Allaah Azza wa Jal.  This is another type of praise for Allaah which is different to the praise which results from (only) one of any of these three, High attributes.  So combining the dominion, which constitutes capability, with the blessing- which constitutes the height of benefiting, doing good and mercy-, and the praise – which constitutes a general sublimity and honour which leads to loving Allaah- then this is a different type of praise and in it is a greatness and perfection and a glory which is better suited to Allaah and befitting for Him –Subhanahu.  So, when a slave  remembers Him and knows about his Lord then his heart is attracted to Allaah and turns towards Him, facing Him, professing all love for Him with that which is the reason for al-Uboodiyaah (worship) and its core.

From its benefits: the Prophet said, ‘The best thing which I and the Prophets before me have said is:

لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَه،ُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْد،ُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaahu wahdahu la shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shayin qadeer’

(There is none worthy of worship except Allaah Alone, He has no partner, He has the Dominion and for Him is the praise and He has the capability over everything.)’

And the Talbiyaah consists of these words exactly and they include the same meaning.

Also from the benefits: That the words in the Talbiyaah contain a refutation of everyone who negates Allaah’s Attributes and His Tawheed.  So the Talbiyaah nullifies the statements of the Mushrikeen however diverse their sects and statements. TheTalbiyaah nullifies the statements of the philosophers and whoever is affected by them, from amongst those who nullify Allaah’s Attributes connected to al-Hamd (all praise).  The Talbiyaah ends the sayings of the Qadireeyah,  who are called the Majoos (fire-worshippers) of this Ummah, those who separate the actions of His slaves- from amongst the Angels, Jinn and mankind- from the dominion of The Lord and His capability.  They do not affirm that Allaah has power over them, nor do they make Him the Creator of this power over them.

So, whoever comes to know the meaning of  the Talbiyaah, testifies to them and truly believes in them, then he will be unlike all the sects of the Muattilah (those who nullify the attributes of Allaah.)

Also, from the benefits of the Talbiyaah is that repetition of the testification (Shahaada) in Allaah, ‘that He has no partner’, has a benefit which is that Allaah has informed him of the fact that He has no partner after the response to: ‘labbayk’ (Here I am), then he repeats it again after saying: ‘innal hamda wan-ni’mata laka wal mulka-la shareeka lak’ (Verily all praise is for You, and every bounty is from You, and all dominion is Yours – You have no partner.)

This section of the Talbiyaah consists of the fact that Allaah has no partner in praise, blessing or dominion whereas the first part consists of the fact that Allaah has no partner in His response to this call (i.e. the Talbiyaah).

This is similar to the saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

شَهِدَ ٱللَّهُ أَنَّهُۥ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ وَٱلۡمَلَٰٓئِكَةُ وَأُوْلُواْ ٱلۡعِلۡمِ قَآئِمَۢا بِٱلۡقِسۡطِۚ لَآ إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡحَكِيمُ

<< Allah bears witness that Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), and the Angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness); (He is always) maintaining His creation in Justice. Lâ ilâh illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. >> [al-Imraan: 18]

At the beginning of this Ayaah Allaah tells us that there is none worthy of worship in truth except Him, which is incorporated into His testimony (la ilaha ill Allaah) along with the testimony of the Angels and the people of knowledge, this is what has been attested to.

Then Allaah informs us that He maintains with justice and that He is just, then repeats the testification that there is none worthy of worship in truth except Him along with His maintainingeverything with justice.

These are just a number of great benefits and the precious harvest acquired from this distinguished statement, the Talbiyaah.

These benefits, without doubt, indicate the importance of concern for understanding the meaning of this statement and that if the slave of Allaah has correct concern for it then this will help him to perform this worship in the best and most correct way.


[1] This Highly beneficial booklet was compiled from a series of lectures that the Shaykh delivered in Masjid Quba for the visiting pilgrims.  It was translated by Allaah’s blessings in 1423 A.H. in the Prophetic City of al-Madina.

[2] ‘Tahdeeb as-Sunnan’ (2/337-340)

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