We have eemaan in the Preserved Tablet (Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooz) and in the Pen (Al-Qalam), and whatever Allaah wrote in Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooz – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Lesson 27   : Point [105] 

 ونُؤْمِنُ باللَّوْحِ والقلمِ وبجميعِ مَا فيه قَدْ رُقِمَ‏‏‏‏‏

And we have eemaan in the Preserved Tablet (Al-Lawh) and in the Pen (Al-Qalam), and in everything which has been inscribed in it.

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The Explanation – Point [105]

This follows on from what preceded from the speech about Pre-ordainment and Pre-decree. And it has already preceded that from the levels of having eemaan (true faith) in Pre-ordainment and Pre-decree is having eemaan (true faith) in whatever He wrote in Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooz (the Inscribed or Preserved Tablet).  And that is, that Allaah created the creation and the first thing that He created was the Pen (Qalam) and He said to it, “Write!” So it replied, “What should I write?” So He said, “Write whatever is going to happen until the Day of Resurrection.” So the Pen wrote down, by the command of Allaah for it to write down, whatever was going to happen until the Day of Resurrection, as occurs in the hadeeth.[1]

And no one knows how the Preserved Tablet (Al-Lawh) is, and how the Pen is, except Allaah. And they are two created things from the things which Allaah the Mighty and Majestic has created; we have eemaan in that. And so, therefore, the author said: “We have eemaan (true faith) in the Preserved Record and in the Pen, and in whatever has been inscribed in it.” Meaning: Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooz (The Preserved Tablet) and the writing that is in it.

And this is the second level from the levels of eemaan in Pre-ordainment and Pre-decree, and it is: eemaan in the writing in the Preserved Tablet.

End of explanation of point [105][2][3]

Footnotes

[1] This is a hadeeth reported by Aboo Daawood and At-Tirmidhee and Aboo Ya`laa from the statement of the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, and it is also reported by Al-Bayhaqee as a statement of the Companion, which carries the ruling of being from the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. It was declared Saheeh by Shaykh Al-Albaanee rahimahullaah.

[2] Translator’s Side Point: Shaykh Muhammad ibn `Abdul `Azeez ibn Manee`, made a note on this point: We have eemaan in the Preserved Tablet; he said:

“Allaah, the Most High said,

Indeed, it is a Praiseworthy Qur·aan contained in a Preserved Tablet.
(Sooratul-Burooj (85), aayaat 21-22)

So, the Noble Qur·aan is written down in the Preserved Tablet, just as Allaah, the Perfect, mentioned. And Jibreel `alayhis-salaam heard it from Allaah and conveyed it to our Prophet Muhammad `alayhis salaatu was-salaam. So it was sent down from your Lord in truth, and He did not say ‘from the Preserved Tablet’. And there is no contradiction between its being in the Preserved Tablet and between its being sent down from Allaah, as was clarified by Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah. And Shaykhul-Islaam said also, that the Preserved Tablet is above the heavens and there occurs in a hadeeth that no one looks into it except Allaah, the Mighty and the Majestic.

I say: So this shows the misguidance of those who state that the soul of a person can see what is contained in the Preserved Tablet. This is just a statement from the philosophers and from the people of superstitious stories from the worshippers – whether righteous or unrighteous, as is their firm belief. So beware of it because it is a lie.

As for the Pen which is mentioned, then it is what Allaah created; and it wrote the measure of everything in the Preserved Tablet just as occurs in the hadeeth of `Ubaadah ibn AsSaamit reported by Aboo Daawood from the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam that he said,

‘The first thing that Allaah created was the Pen and He said to it, “Write!” So it said, “O my Lord, and what shall I write?” He said, “Write down the decreed measure of everything right until the Hour is established.”’

And the scholars disagree – was the Pen the very first thing that was created or was it the `Arsh (Allaah’s Throne)? They have two sayings in that regard. Ibn Al-Qayyim mentions both of them in his Nooniyyah and he preferred the view that the Pen was created after the `Arsh (Throne).”

[3] Translator’s Side Point: Shaykh Al-Albaanee rahimahullaah, he said on this point:

“I say, with regard to the Preserved Tablet, it is what is mentioned in the saying of Allaah, the Most High,

Indeed, it is a Praiseworthy Qur·aan contained in a Preserved Tablet.
(Sooratul-Burooj (85), aayaat 21-22)

And that is from the Ghayb (Hidden and Unseen) which it is obligatory that we have eemaan (truly believe) in it. And its true reality is not known except to Allaah. And the belief that some righteous people can look into what’s contained in it – this belief is kufr (unbelief) in the aayaat and ahaadeeth which clearly state that no one knows the Ghayb (Hidden and Unseen) except Allaah, the Most High.”

Translator’s Side Point: With regard to the point about which was created first: the Pen or the Throne, Shaykh Al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah), he said:

“The explainer (Ibn Abil-`Izz in his explanation of AtTahaawiyyah), he explained here, that the scholars differed whether the Pen was the very first thing created or the Throne (`Arsh). The scholars had two sayings in that regard and there is no third (saying). (Some of the scholars of the Sunnah said that Allaah’s Throne was first and then the Pen was created and some said that the Pen was created and then after that, Allaah’s Throne was created, and there is no third saying).”

Shaykh Al-Albaanee said:

“And in my view the most preferable one is the first (that the Pen was the very first thing created) as is clearly stated in my note (that he made for AtTahaawiyyah). And I say now, whether what is most correct is this or that, then this difference shows that the scholars are agreed that there was a first created thing. And the idea that created things came into creation and there is always something before it, they are contrary to this agreement (of the scholars).”

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah At-Tahaawiyyah
By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah
Pages 113-117 (Points 98-105)
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, in 1426AH
Transcribed by Sideeqa Ali

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Messengers and Taaghoots – Dr. Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

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Belief In the Messengers – Dr. Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]


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Difference between Pillars and Branches of Eemaan – Shaykh Fawzaan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

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Sharh-ul-Usool ath-Thalaathah : Lessons 33 (Part A)
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

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The Pillars of Eemaan

Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:   

Its pillars are six: to have eemaan in Allaah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and to have eemaan in Pre-Decree, the good of it, and the bad of it.[43]


[43Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan’s Explanation :

Eemaan (true faith) is composed of pillars and branches, so what is the difference between these two?

The difference is that the pillars are essential. So, if one of them passes away, then eemaan itself passes away, because a thing will not be established except upon its supporting pillars. If a pillar from its pillars is missing, then it will not be realized and brought about. As for the branches, then they are things which complete and perfect it, eemaan does not pass away if something from them is omitted, rather they are things which complete it – either they are wajibaat (obligatory things) or mustahabbaat (recommended things). So, the obligatory things are for the obligatory completion of eemaan, and as for the recommended things, then they are for desirous completion of eemaan.

If a Muslim leaves something from the obligatory duties, or he does something from the forbidden things, then his eemaan will not pass away totally in the view of the Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah, rather, the obligatory perfection is missed out on. So, he will be deficient in eemaan or he will be a faasiq (sinful person), just as will be the case if he were to drink alcohol, steal, commit fornication, or do something from the major sins. This one will be a person who has done something forbidden, and who had committed a major sin. However, he does not become a disbeliever through that, and he does not depart from eemaan. Rather, he is a faasiq and the hadd (prescribed punishment) will be established upon him if the sin had a prescribed punishment. And likewise, whoever leaves an obligation such as abandoning being dutiful and righteous towards the parents, or maintaining ties of kinship, these are obligatory acts, so whoever abandons them, then his eemaan is deficient, and he is sinful because of his abandoning the obligatory duty. So, he will be a sinner either by abandoning something obligatory or by doing something forbidden and whichever is the case, he will not exit from eemaan, rather he will be a believer who is deficient in his eemaan.

This is the position of the Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah, contrary to the Khawaarij and the Mu`tazilah, who declare the person who commits a major sin to be a disbeliever. So, the Khawaarij declare him to be a kaafir and to have exited from the religion, and the Mu`tazilah declare that he has exited from the religion, however, they do not enter him into disbelief, rather, he is in a station in between the two stations; he is not a mu`min (believer) and he is not a kaafir (disbeliever). This is their position and it is an innovated position, it is contrary to the proofs and to what the Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah are upon. And the reason in that [their erroneous conclusion] is they are falling short in the use of evidence since they take hold of the evidences containing textual threats, and they abandon the evidences of promise, such as His saying, He the Most High:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ

«Allaah does not forgive that anything be associated with Him, but He forgives whatever is less than that for whomever He wishes.» [4:48]

This is from the evidences of promises, it proves that the sinful person who does not reach the level of shirk and kufr, there is hope for him of forgiveness, and that he is open to receiving the threat and punishment.

If you take this along with His saying, He the Most High:

وَمَن يَعْصِ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ فَإِنَّ لَهُ نَارَ جَهَنَّمَ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا

«Whoever disobeys Allaah and His Messenger, then for him will be the Fire of Hell, they will dwell therein forever.» [72:23]

Whoever takes hold of what is apparent here will declare those who commit sins to be disbelievers unrestrictedly. But if he refers it back to his saying, He the Most High:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ

«Allaah does not forgive that anything be associated with Him, but He forgives whatever is less than that for whomever He wishes.» [4:48]

Then the truth will become clear to him, and that this person does not exit from the religion, rather he does have a threat of the fire. So, if Allaah wishes, He will forgive him, and if He wishes, He will punish him. He may receive expiating affairs which wipe away sins in this world, or he may receive punishment in the grave which wipes away these evil acts. And those expiating affairs which wipe away sins are many, such that he is tried with calamities, punishments in this world, or that he is punished in his grave, or otherwise that is put off until the Day of Resurrection, and then He is beneath Allaah’s Wish and Will. This is the position of the Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah, and this is difference between the branches and the pillars. So, whoever leaves something from the pillars, then he becomes a disbeliever. Whoever denies Tawheed and commits shirk along with Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, then he becomes a disbeliever because he has left the first pillar. And whoever denies any one of the Messengers, then he becomes a disbeliever because he has abandoned the pillars from the pillars of Islaam. Whoever denies the Angels, then he becomes a disbeliever and he exits from the religion, and whoever disbelieves in the Resurrection, Paradise, Fire, the Bridge of the Fire, the Balance, or anything which is established from the affairs of the Hereafter, then he becomes a disbeliever because of that. This is because he has denied a pillar from the pillars of eemaan. Likewise, whoever denies pre-decree (al-Qadar) and says: “Things just occur without prior ordainment and without pre-decree from Allaah, events just unexpectedly occur and happen,” as is said by the extremists from the Mu`tazilah – then he also becomes a disbeliever, because he has denied pre-decree.

But as for whoever leaves something from the branches, then this causes his eemaan to be deficient, either it will be a deficiency in the obligatory perfection or it will be a deficiency in the recommended perfection. However, he does not become a disbeliever on account of that.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

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The Shahaadah – IS IT ENOUGH TO “SAY” IT? – Dr Saleh as Saleh

The Belief in the Oneness and Uniqueness of Allaah (Tawheed) does not only mean to accept that there is no Creator but Allaah, and that Allaah is the Sovereign Rabb (Lord). The person who admits to this fact yet at the same time insists to associate partners with Allaah in worship, is a Mushrik (committing Shirk) even though he may daily utter the Shahaadah. Tawheed, however, embodies the love of Allaah alone; submission, humility, complete obedience, and sincerity of worship to Allaah alone. All of our life must be for His sake. Whoever acknowledges this meaning of Tawheed then he understands the saying of the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم):

“Allaah forbade the admittance to Hell of anyone who says laa ilaaha illal-laah ‘There is no true God Who deserves to be worshipped except Allaah,’ seeking the Face of Allaah.” [Reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Ahmad].

The hypocrites may utter the Shahaadah yet it is known that they are in the lowest part of Hell . Their declaration is not sincere:

“Verily the hypocrites will be in the lowest depth (grade) of the Fire; no helper will you find for them.”(Qur’an, soorat an-Nisaa’, 4:145)

It is a must that the declaration of the Shahaadah be confirmed in the heart as well as by the tongue. The heart is the “king” and the rest of the body is the “army” under its command. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Verily, there is a piece of flesh in the body if it is good the rest of the body becomes good; and if it is bad, the rest of the body becomes bad, and that is the heart .” [Part of an authentic hadeeth reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim].

Once the Shahaadah is established in the heart it will then help transform the status of the person such that the Fire of Hell will be forbidden to him. It has been narrated that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Whoever says laa ilaaha illal-laah, ‘there is no true God Who deserves to be worshipped but Allaah’ and declares Kufr (Disbelief) in whatever is worshipped besides Allaah then his money and blood are Haram (forbidden to be harmed in his money and blood) and the judgment (upon this person) is up to Allaah.” [Collected by Muslim and Ahmad].

The above hadeeth is a great explanation for the true meaning of ‘There is no true God but Allaah’. It emphasizes that there must be a complete dissociation from anyone /anything taken as a deity besides Allaah. There can be no worship offered to a righteous man, a star, moon, fire, river, cow, Buddha, Ghandi, Jesus, Khomeini, Malcom X or Y!, Farakhan, graves, statues, money, lust, heads of states, and so forth. Islaam abolishes all forms of man-made deities. When the person disbelieves in offering worship to other than Allaah, then he becomes a Muslim.

It is very clear that the disbelievers (Kuffar) of Mecca knew what the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) meant by the word he brought to them from Allaah: “There is no true God but Allaah.” They believed that Allaah was the Sustainer, the One Who gives life and causes death. But when Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) told them to say: “There is no true God Who deserves to be worshipped except Allaah,” their answer was:

“Has he made the “gods” (all) into one God (Allaah) Verily, this is a curious thing !” (Qur’an, soorat Saad, 38:5).

They knew that the declaration of the Shahaadah meant the abolishing of everything introduced between them and Allaah; an end to their intermediary “gods.” This was the reason behind their rejection.

This testimony of Tawheed is pure from any falsehood. It brings eternal abode in Paradise for those who fulfill its conditions and what it entails. Its rejection brings eternal abode in An-Naar (Hell). May Allaah guide me and you to be amongst those who love this declaration as well as abide by its meaning.

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Defining Emaan – By Dr Saleh As Saleh (rahimahullaah) – Must Listen !!

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The Third Level is al-ihsaan – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

The Third Level is al-Ihsaan

The Definition of Ihsaan

المرتبة الثالثة : الإحسان ، ركن واحد ، وهو ” أن تعبد الله كأنك تراه ، فإن لم تكن تراه فإنه يراك”

The third level is al-ihsaan. It is a single pillar and it is: «That you worship Allaah as if you were seeing Him, and even though you do not see Him, He certainly sees you46

[46] Al-Ihsaan in the language means to perfect something and complete it. It is derived from al-husun which means al-jamaal (beauty), the opposite of ugliness. It is divided into categories:

Firstly: Perfection of what lies between the servant and his Lord. This is what is meant.

Secondly: Perfection of what is between the servant and the rest of the people.

Thirdly: Doing well and perfecting what you do. When a person makes something or does an action, then it is obligatory upon him that he perfects it and does it completely.

The first type is ihsaan (perfection) of what lies between the servant his Lord. The Messenger sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam explained it when Jibreel asked him in the presence of the companions as will follow. He said: «Ihsaan is that you worship Allaah as if you were seeing Him, and even though you do not see Him, He certainly sees you

So ihsaan between the servant and his Lord is his perfecting the action which Allaah has made a duty upon him, that he does it correctly, purely and sincerely for the Face of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic. So, an action in which there is ihsaan between the servant and his Lord is that which is done sincerely for Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, and done with the following of the Messenger sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam. The Prophet sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam made clear that ihsaan is of two levels, one of them being higher than the other:

The first level is that you worship Allaah as if you were seeing Him such that your certainty and eemaan in Allaah reaches such a level that it is as if you are actually seeing Allaah with your eyes. You have no hesitancy or doubt, rather it is as if Allaah is in front of you, He the Perfect and Most High, and you are seeing Him openly. Whoever reaches this level has reached the limit of ihsaan. You worship Allaah as if you are seeing Him on account of the completeness of certainty and sincerity, which is as if you are seeing Allaah with your eyes. Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, will not be seen in this world, rather He will only be seen in the Hereafter. However, you see Him with your heart to the extent that it is as if you are seeing Him with your eyes. Therefore, He will reward the people of ihsaan in the Hereafter that they will see Him, He the Perfect and Most High. This is since they used to worship Him as if they were seeing Him in this world. So, Allaah rewards them by giving them the opportunity to see Him with their eyes in the abode of bliss. He, the Most High, said:

«For the people of ihsaan there will be the best reward of Paradise and something extra[10:26]

Something extra is looking upon the Face of Allaah. The reason is that they perfected their deeds in this world, so Allaah gave them the best reward which is Paradise. And He will give them an increase which is seeing Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic. So therefore, you worship Allaah as if you are actually witnessing Him, upon love and longing to meet Him, He the Perfect and Most High. You feel delight in obedience to Him and you feel calm and obedience to Him, He the Perfect and Most High. You eagerly desire obedience to Him. This is the path of the people of ihsaan.

The second level: If you do not reach this tremendous level, then you worship Him upon the path of al-muraqabah (watchfulness) such that you know that Allaah sees you, knows your condition, and knows what lies within yourself. Therefore, it is not befitting that you should disobey Him and contradict His command when He sees and observes you. This is a good state, however, it is less than the first one. So, as long as you know that He sees you, then you therefore perfect your worship of Him and you do it well, because you know that Allaah is seeing you. And for Allaah is the Highest example. If you were in front of a created being who had status and he commanded you with a command, and you were carrying this matter out in front of him and he was looking at you, would it be befitting that you be negligent in the performance of this action?

So in summary, ihsaan is of two levels:

The level of witnessing with the heart: It is that you worship Allaah as if you are seeing Him from the strength of certainty and eemaan. It is as you are seeing Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, with your eyes.

The second level: It is that you worship Allaah knowing that He sees you and observes you, therefore, you do not disobey Him and contradict His command, He the Perfect and Most High.

This is the level of al-ihsaan and it is highest of the levels of the religion. Whoever reaches it has reached the highest of the levels of the religion. Before it is the level of eemaan, and before that is the level of al-Islaam.

The deen has a number of domains:

The first domain: al-Islaam. It is wide to such an extent that the hypocrite enters within it and is called a Muslim and is treated like the Muslims, because he has submitted to Islaam outwardly. So therefore, he enters within the domain of Islaam. And the person who is weak in eemaan [enters the domain of Islaam], but he has nothing from eemaan except a mustard seed of it.

The second domain: It is more restricted and more specific – the domain of al-eemaan. The hypocrite in belief does not enter into it whatsoever. Rather, only the people of eemaan enter into it, and they are two categories: those who are complete in eemaan and those who are deficient in eemaan. So, the sinful believer and dutiful believer both enter into it.

The third domain: It is more restricted than the second one – the domain of al-ihsaan. It just as the Prophet sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam made clear. No one will enter into it except the people of complete eemaan.

The Evidence for al-Ihsaan

والدليل قوله تعالى:

And the proof is His saying, He the Most High:

«Allaah is with those who fear Him and are dutiful to Him; and He is with those who are people of ihsaan[16:128]

وقوله تعالى:

And His saying, He the Most High:

«And place your reliance upon the All-Mighty, the Bestower of Mercy. He who sees you when you stand to pray. And who sees your movements along with those who pray along with you. Indeed! He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing[26:217-220]

وقوله تعالى:

And His saying, He the Most High:

«And you are not (O Muhammad sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam) engaged in any matter nor do you recite the Book of Allaah, – nor do you do any action (O people), except that We are witness in your deeds when you do them. And not even that which is of the weight of the tiniest ant is hidden from your Lord on the earth or in the heavens. Nor is there anything smaller than that or greater than it except that it is written in a Clear Book[10:61][47]

[47] This is the proof for the first level of al-ihsaan:

«Allaah is with those who fear Him and are dutiful to Him, and He is with those who are people of ihsaan[16:128]

The aayah proves that Allaah is with the people of ihsaan. They are those who worship Allaah as if they were seeing Him, so Allaah is with them in a specific sense of Ma`iyyah – the Ma`iyyah with regard to aiding, helping, and tawfeeq (guiding them to and granting them attainment of correctness).

And His saying, He the Most High:

«And place your reliance upon the All-Mighty, the Bestower of Mercy. He who sees you when you stand to pray. And who sees your movements along with those who pray along with you[26:217-219]

This is a proof for the second level. This is a proof for his saying [sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam]: «Then, He certainly sees you

«And place your reliance» Meaning: trust your affairs «to the All-Mighty, the Bestower of Mercy» He is Allaah, the Perfect and Most High.

«When you stand to pray» You stand for worship and the prayer.

«And who sees your movements along with those who pray along with you» He sees you whilst you are performing your rukoo` (bowing) and whilst you are performing your sajdah (prostration). He sees you in all the states of worship; standing, bowing, and prostrating. He, the Perfect and Most High, sees you.

«Indeed! He is the All-Hearing, the All-Knowing» The One who hears your sayings. The One who knows your sayings, He the Perfect and Most High.

And His saying, He the Most High:

«And you are not (O Muhammad sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam) engaged in any matter nor do you recite the Book of Allaah, – nor do you do any action (O people), except that We are witness in your deeds when you do them[10:61]

This is a proof for the second level.

«And you are not (O Muhammad sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam) engaged in any matter» This is an address to the Messenger sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam. In any affair from your affairs, from the affairs of worship or other than it – all of your actions and your movements – you will not be engaged in any affair at all.

«Nor do you recite from it (i.e. Book of Allaah)» Meaning: from Allaah, because the Qur`aan is from Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic. Or the pronoun could refer back to the affair, so the meaning would be: From the affairs which you are engaged in is recitation of the Qur`aan.

«Nor do you do (O people)» This is [an address] for all of the nation, for the Messenger sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam and other than him.

«Any action» Meaning: Any action from the actions, whether good or bad.

«Except that We are witness [in your deeds]» We are seeing you, observing you, and witnessing you. This is a proof for his saying sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam: «Then indeed, He sees you

«When you do them» You are carrying it out and you are doing it. So, this gives a proof for the second level from the levels of ihsaan, in that He, the Majestic and Most High, witnesses the action of every doer of an action. He, the Perfect and Most High, sees him, knows him, and observes him. Nothing is hidden from him.

«Nothing whatsoever in the earth or in the heavens is hidden from Allaah[3:5]

As for ihsaan between the servant and in the creation, then its meaning is: doing good to them and withholding from harming them. Such that you feed the hungry person, cloth the person without clothing, assist the needy person with your position, and that you intercede for the one who needs to be interceded for. You do that which is good with all the different aspects of good. You are hospitable to the guest and you are generous towards the neighbor. Nothing but good emanates from you towards the neighbor, and you withhold harming him. So, no harm comes from you towards him or towards anyone else. For from the people, there are who are such that nothing but harm comes from them, and from the people, there are those whom harm and good comes. And from the people, there are those whom nothing but good comes from them. This is the highest of the levels.

Doing good towards the people and withholding harm from them is ihsaan (good and fine treatment) towards the people:

«Do good. Allaah loves al-Muhsineen (the doers of good)[2:195]

Even towards the animals, it is obligatory that you treat them well and make available for them whatever they need and that you withhold harming them and that you are gentle with them. This is from ihsaan towards the animals. Even a person who is going to be rightfully executed, you should not torture him, rather, you should execute him in a fine and tranquil manner. A person who is obligatory to execute, and someone it is obligatory to carry a hadd (prescribed punishment) upon, then it is carried out upon him with gentleness. There is to be no mutilation, no torture, and no beating to death.

He sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam said:

»إن الله كتب الإحسان على كل شيء ، فإذا قتلتم فأحسنوا القتلة ، وإذا ذبحتم فأحسنوا الذبح«

«Allaah has obligated ihsaan with regard to everything. So, when you kill, then kill in a fine manner. And when you slaughter an animal, then slaughter in a good manner.»[1]

So, [the principle of ihsaan applies] to execution or other than it from that which necessitates prescribed punishment.

«When you slaughter» Meaning: when you slaughter animals which are to be eaten, then slaughter in a fine manner:

»وليحد  أحدكم شفرته ، وليرح ذبيحته«

«Let one of you sharpen his knife and give relief to the animal which he is slaughtering

Therefore, you are to treat with ihsaan even the animals. Allaah forgave the prostitute woman from the People of Israaeel on account that she gave a drink of water to a dog which had its tongue hanging out from thirst. So, she gave it water to drink and Allaah thanked her for that and forgave her, her sin.[2] This is a tremendous sin and it is prostitution, meaning: zinaa (fornication). But Allaah forgave her on account of that – because she treated the thirsty animal in a fine manner.

So how about something other than a dog? If you were to treat a hungry person from the Muslims with ihsaan, or from the descendents of Aadam, even if he is a disbeliever – if you were to treat him well, then Allaah, the Majestic and Most High will thank you for that fine treatment. He, the Most High, said:

«Do good. Allaah loves al-Muhsineen (the doers of good)[2:195]

The third type: It is perfection of the action. Whatever action you do, it is obligatory that you perfect it and not so that it should be said: “So-and-so has done such-and-such very well.” There occurs in the hadeeth:

»إن الله يحب إذا عمل أحدكم عملا أن يتقنه«

«Allaah loves that one when one of you does an action that he perfects it.»[3]

[1] Reported by Muslim no. 1955 as a hadeeth of Shaddaad bin Aws, radiyallaahu `anhu.

[2] Refer to al-Bukhaaree no. 3467, Muslim no. 2245 as a hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah, radiyallaahu `anhu.

[3] Reported by al-Bayhaqee in Shu`ab al-Eemaan 4/334 no. 5313 and no. 5314 from a hadeeth of `Aa.ishah, radiyallaahu `anha. [Declared hasan (good) by Shaikh al-Albaanee in Saheeh al-Jaami`. He spoke about it in Silsilatul-Ahaadeeth asSaheehah no. 1113].

Source : Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah by Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan | Translated by Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah.

The Fundamentals Of Belief – An abridgement of ‘The Three Fundamentals’

An abridgement of ‘The Three Fundamentals’ (‘Thalaathatul-Usool’), entitled ‘Talqeen Usoolil- ‘Aqeedah lil-‘Aammah’ (Instruction in the fundamentals of Belief for the common people)

By Shaikhul-Islaam Muhammad ibn `Abdil-Wahhaab-rahimahullaah

Click the below link to read or download the article

The Fundamentals Of Belief – An abridgement of The Three Fundamentals [PDF]

Ahadeeth Pertaining to Eemaan, Tawheed, Deen and Qadr – Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani

Ahadeeth Pertaining to Eemaan, Tawheed, Deen and Qadr
Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani rahimahullaah

Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya hafidhahullaah

All the below files are in PDF format

Part A – Part B – Part C – Part D – Part E

Part F – Part G – Part H – Part I – Part J

Part K – Part L – Part M – Part N


Read the Contents of above PDFs below:


Part A 


1- 920 – From Abu Shurayah al-Khuza’aee who said: The Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – came out to us and said: ‘Receive glad tidings, receive glad tidings; do you not testify that there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah and that I am the Messenger of Allaah?’

They said: ‘Yes.’

He said: ‘This Qur’aan is a rope, one end is in the Hand of Allaah and one end is in your hands, so hold on to it.  Verily you will not ever be misguided or destroyed after it.’

No. 713


2- 923 – From Qutaylah bint Seefee al-Juhaneeyah who said: A learned man from amongst the people of the Book came to the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – and said: ‘O Muhammad, you would be a blessed people if only you did not commit Shirk!’

He said: ‘SubhanAllaah, how is that?’

He said: ‘You say, when you take a vow, ‘I swear by the Ka’ba.’’

Qutaylah said: The Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – waited for a while then said: ‘Indeed he has said so, so for the one who makes a vow then let him make a vow by saying: (wa Rabb al-Ka’ba) I swear by The Lord of the Ka’ba.’

The learned man then said: ‘O Muhammad you would be blessed people if it were not that you set up a partner with Allaah!’

The Messenger said: ‘SubhanAllaah and how is that?’

He answered: ‘You say, ‘Whatever Allaah wills and whatever you will.’’

Qutaylah said: The Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – waited for a while then said: ‘Indeed he has said so, so whoever says: ‘Whatever Allaah wills,’ then he should say along with it: ‘Then whatever you will.’’

No. 1166


3- 924 – From Jaabir that the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said: ‘Keep away from the major sins, request from Allaah to be corrected -between neglect and extremism – and receive glad tidings.’

No. 885


4- 926 – From Hudayfah who said the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Count for me everyone who pronounces Islaam.’

Hudayfah said: ‘We said: O Messenger of Allaah do you fear for us when we are between 600 and 700 people?’

Then the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said: ‘You do not know that, perhaps, you will be tried.’

Hudayfah said: ‘We were tried so much that a man from amongst us could not pray except in secret.’

No. 246


5- 928 – From Ibn Abbas who said the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – was asked: Which of the religions is beloved to Allaah – Azza wa Jal?’

He answered: ‘The true forgiving religion.’

No. 881


6- 931 – From Abu Tameemah al-Hajmeemee, from a man from Blahjeem who said, ‘I asked: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! Who should I make Dua’ to?’

He said: ‘Call to Allaah Alone.  If you were afflicted with harm and you supplicated to Him, He would relieve you of it. If you became lost in a desolate land and you supplicated to Him, He would return you to your place. If you were afflicted with drought and you supplicated to Him, He would produce vegetation.’

No. 420


7- 933 – From Abu Huraira –Radhiallaahu anhu- on the authority of the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘If one of you improves his Islaam; then for every good action he does, it is written as equivalent to ten times its like up to 700 times.  For every bad action he does, it is written as it is, until he meets Allaah -Azza wa Jal.’

No. 3959


8- 934 – From Abu ‘Izzah al-Uthaali who said: The Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam –said:

‘If Allaah intends to take the soul of a slave in a certain land, He makes a reason for His slave to go there.’

No.1221


9- 938 – From Abu Huraira who said: The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘When a slave of Allaah commits Zina, then Eemaan departs from him and it is like a shade.  When he leaves that sin then his Eemaan returns to him.’

No. 509


Part B


10- 939 – On the authority of Abu Umamah who said: A man asked:

O Messenger of Allaah what is Eemaan?

The Messenger answered: If your good action pleases you and your bad action displeases you, then you are a believer.’

He asked: O Messenger of Allaah! What is sin?’

He answered: ‘If there is something that troubles your heart then leave it.’

No. 550


11- 941- On the authority of Imran bin Hussain, on the authority of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who said: ‘If a man calls his Muslim brother: ‘O kaafir!’ Then it is like killing him, and cursing a believer is like killing him.’

No. 3385


12- 943 – On the authority of Abu Huraira –Rahiallaahu anhu in a narration ascribed to the Prophet:

‘There are four things in my Ummah from the affairs of Jahileeyah which the people will not leave:

  • wailing at a death,
  • abusing lineage and
  • the belief that a contagious disease is transferred by itself (and not by Allaah’s permission) to a mangy camel who infects one hundred camels; but who infected the first camel?
  • Also, attributing rain to stars saying: It rained on us due to such and such a star.

No. 735


13- 944 – On the authority of Abu Maalik al-Ashaari in a narration ascribed to the Prophet:

‘There are four things in my Ummah from the matters of Jahileeyah which they will not leave:

  • pride in ancestors,
  • defaming lineage,
  • requesting rain due to the stars and
  • wailing at a death.’

No. 734


14- 945 – On the authority of al-Aswaad bin Sareea’ in a narration ascribed to the Prophet:

‘There will be four types of people on the Day of Judgement who will have a proof for themselves:

  • A deaf person who cannot hear,
  • A dumb person,
  • A senile person and
  • whoever dies without the Dawa’ of a Prophet having reached him.

As for a deaf person he will say: ‘O Lord!  Islaam came and I could not hear anything.’  As for the dumb person he will say: ‘Islaam came and children would throw dung at me.’ As for the senile person he will say: ‘Islaam came and I was unintelligent.’ As for the person who died without the Dawa’ of a Prophet having reached him, he will say: ‘O Lord!  Your Messenger did not come to me.’

So their covenant will be taken to obey Allaah, then a messenger will be sent to them telling them to enter the Hell-Fire.’

Then the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘I swear by Him in Whose Hand is my soul, if they had entered it, it would have become cool for them and not harmed them.’

No. 1434


15- 946 – On the authority of Anas that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said to a man: ‘Accept Islaam.’

He said: ‘I find myself disliking it.’

He answered: ‘Accept Islaam, even if you dislike it.’

No. 1454


16- 947 – On the authority of Hakeem bin Hizaam in a narration ascribed to the Prophet:

‘You have entered Islaam with the reward of the good actions you did before.’

No. 248


17- 948 – On the authority of Umar who said: We were with the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- in an expedition so we said: O Messenger of Allaah! The enemy has arrived and they are satisfied with food, but our people are hungry?!

The Ansaar said:  Should we not slaughter our livestock and feed our people?

The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘Whoever has any extra food then he should come with it.’

So the people began coming with measures of food, some more and some less.  All that the army had was twenty-odd Saa’ (a unit of measure).

The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- sat next to the food and supplicated for blessings then he said: ‘Take the food and be calm.’

So a man began taking food in his bag and his sack and they all began taking the food in their containers to the extent that a man would tie up the sleeves of his shirt and fill it up.  Even after they had all taken their food, the food remained as it had been.

Then the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘I testify that there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah and that I am the Messenger of Allaah. No rightful slave of Allaah comes with this testification except that Allaah saves him from the heat of the Fire.’

No. 3221


18- 949 – From Abu-Darda, when death was approaching him he said: Shall I narrate a hadeeth to you which I heard from the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-?

I heard the Messenger of Allaah saying:

‘Worship Allaah as if you see Him, if you do not see Him, then know that He sees you.Count yourself amongst the dead, be careful of the supplication of the oppressed since it is indeed answered.  Whoever from amongst you can attend the two prayers, Isha and Fajr prayer even if you have to crawl, then you should do so.’

No.1474


Part C


19- 950 – On the authority of Abdullaah bin Umar who said: The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam took a hold of me and said:

‘Worship Allaah as if you see Him, and be in this world as if you are a stranger or a passer-by.’

No.1473


20- 951- On the authority of Mu’adh who said: I asked: O Messenger of Allaah, give me advice.

He said: ‘Worship Allaah as if you see Him, count yourself amongst the dead and remember Allaah at every rock and at every tree.  If you commit a bad deed, then do a good one after it – a secret one with a secret one and an open one with an open one.’

No. 1475


21- 952 – On the authority of Abul Muntafiq who said: I came to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamat Arafat, I came so close to him that the neck of my riding beast touched the neck of his riding beast.  I said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah, inform me of an action which will save me from the punishment of Allaah and enter me into His paradise.’

The Prophet answered: ‘Worship Allaah and do not associate anything with Him, pray the prescribed prayers, give the obligatory Zakaat, perform Hajj and Umrah.’

Ashhad (one of the narrators in the chain) said: ‘and I think he said: and fast Ramadan.’  ‘Look at what you would love the people to do for you then do the same for them and at what you would dislike from them then do not do that to them.’

No. 1477


22- 953- On the authority of Shareed bin Suwayd ath-Thaqafee who said: I said: O Messenger of Allaah! Indeed my mother wanted me to free a slave on her behalf and I have a black slave girl from African lands (near the south of Sudan)?

The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘Call her.’

He asked her: ‘Who is your Lord?’

She answered: ‘Allaah.’

He said: ‘Who am I?’

She said: ‘The Messenger of Allaah.’

He said: ‘Free her, as she is a believer.’

No. 3161


23- 954 – On the authority of Maqal bin Yasaar in a narration ascribed to the Prophet – sall’Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam:

‘The best of Eemaan is patience and pardoning.’

No. 1495


24- 957 – On the authority of ‘Amr bin ‘Ubsaah in a narration ascribed to the Prophet- sall’Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam:

‘The best migration is migrating from what your Lord – Azza wa Jal – hates/dislikes.’

No. 553


25- 958 – On the authority of Fadalah bin Ubayd that he heard the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- say:

‘The person who is guided to Islaam is successful, he who has a sufficient means of living and is satisfied with that.’

No. 1506


26- 960 – On the authority of Abu Sakhr al-Uqayli who said, ‘A bedouin narrated to me saying: I took something to Madina to sell during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and when I finished selling I said: I will meet this man and I will hear from him.

I found myself walking between Abu Bakr and Umar, then I began to follow them in their tracks until they came across a Jewish man propagating the Torah by reading it.

He was consoling himself at the approach of his son’s death, who was a good and handsome boy.

The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘I ask you, for the sake of The One Who revealed the Torah, do you find my description and my affair in your book?’

He shook his head like this; i.e. ‘no.’

But his son said: Yes, by The One Who revealed the Torah! Indeed we definitely find your description and your arrival in our book.  I testify that there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah and that you are the Messenger of Allaah.

The Messenger said: ‘Keep the Jews away from your brother.’

i.e. the son of the Jew, who accepted Islaam.

Then the Messenger took charge of the boy’s shrouding, perfumed his shroud and prayed over him.’

No. 3269


27- 962 – On the authority of Salamah bin Qais al-‘Ashja’ee, who said: ‘The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said in his farewell Hajj: ‘There are four matters of prime importance: that you do not associate anything with Allaah, that you do not kill a soul that Allaah has made sacred except with due right, that you do not commit illegal intercourse and you do not steal.’

Salamah said: There was none more zealous towards these than me, since I heard them from the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-.

No. 1759


Part D


28- 963 – On the authority of Saad bin ‘Abee Waqqas that he used to pray Isha in the Masjid of Allaah’s Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- then pray one Witr and would not increase on that Witr.

It was said to him, ‘Do you pray one Witr and not increase on that, O Abu Ishaq?’

He said: ‘Yes.  Indeed I heard the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- say: ‘Whoever does not go to sleep until he has prayed Witr is an intelligent person.’’

No. 2208


29- 970 – On the authority of Jabir that the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- ordered us with four things and prohibited us from five:

  • 1- That if you lie down to sleep then close your door.
  • 2- To cover your drinking vessels.
  • 3- To cover your food containers and
  • 4- To extinguish your lanterns.

Indeed Shaytaan cannot open a closed door, open a drinking vessel or remove a cover and indeed a rat is an evil creature, it will cause a family’s house to be burnt down.

  • 1- Do not eat with your left hand,
  • 2-do not drink with your left hand,
  • 3- do not walk with one shoe,
  • 4- do not raise your garment onto your shoulders such that your private parts become exposed and
  • 5- do not sit wearing a single garment whereby your private parts may become exposed.’

No. 2974


30- 972 – On the authority of ‘Aeysha that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Verily the Shaytaan will come to one of you and say: Who created you?

So you will say: Allaah.

Then he will say: Who created Allaah?

So if you find this happening to one of you then recite: ‘Aamantu Billaahi wa Rusulihi.’ (I have believed in Allaah and His Messengers); saying this will cause that whispering to go away.’

No. 116


31-973 – On the authority of Huthayfah who said: The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Indeed the severest thing I fear for you is a man who reads the Qur’aan so much so that you see light upon him and is strong in his Islaam but then he abandons Islaam, placing it behind him, because he attacks his neighbor with the sword and accuses him of committing Shirk.

I said: ‘O Prophet of Allaah!  Which one is more deserving of Shirk, the accuser or the accused?

He answered: ‘The accuser.’

No. 3201


32- 975 – On the authority of Ka’ab bin Malik who said: When death was approaching Ka’ab, Umm Mubbashir bint al-Bara bin Ma’roor came to visit him and said: O Abu Abdur Rahman! If you meet my son, then give him my salaam.

He said: May Allaah forgive you O Umm Mubbashir! We are too preoccupied to think about that.

She said: O Abu Abdur Rahman did you not hear the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Indeed the souls of the believers are inside green birds which are perched on the trees of Paradise.’

He said: ‘Of course I have.’

She said: ‘Then that is how it is.’

No. 995


33-976 – On the authority of Abdullaah bin Mas’ood from the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘Indeed Islaam began as something strange and it will return to being something strange as it was when it began and Toobaa, a tree in Paradise is for the strangers.’

It was asked: ‘Who are they O Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam?’

He said: ‘Those who rectify matters when the people have become corrupt.’

No. 1273


34 – 988 – On the authority of Abdullaah bin ‘Amr bin al-‘Aaas who said: The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Indeed Eemaan is worn out inside one of you just like a Thawb (garment) is worn out, so ask Allaah to revive Eemaan in your hearts.’

No. 1585


Part E


35- 992 – From Abu Huraira who said: A funeral procession passed by the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and the people were praising the deceased with goodness, so the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘It is obligatory for him.’  Then another funeral procession passed by and the people mentioned evil things about the deceased. So the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘It is obligatory for him.’  Then he said: ‘Indeed some of you are witness against others.’

No.2600


36-1009 – From Jaabir bin Abdullaah, that he was on the way to a battle along with the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- towards Najd.  The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- was on his way back I was with him.  When I reached them I found them taking a siesta in a valley with many trees with thorns, the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- stopped there and the people dispersed among the trees with thorns, shading themselves with the trees, the Messenger of Allaah stopped under a tree with a lot of leaves and hung his sword on it.

Jaabir said: We fell into a deep sleep. All of a sudden the Messenger began calling us so we came to him and found a Bedouin sitting near him.

The Messenger of Allaah said: ‘Indeed this person took my sword out of its scabbard while I was sleeping when I awoke he had taken it out of its scabbard and it was in his hand and he said to me: who will prevent me from killing you? I said: Allaah. And here he (the man) is sitting.’  The Messenger of Allaah did not punish him.

No. 3546


37 – 1010 – From Abu Huraira from the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘Indeed this Deen is easy; there is no-one who is extreme in the religion except that his extremity in the Deen will overcome him. So stick to the truth without negligence or extremism, try your utmost and receive glad-tidings and seek aid while travelling in the early morning, after Zawwal (when the sun is at its highest point) and some of the last part of the night.’

No. 1161

Note: This is a similitude from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.

Ibn Hajr said: ‘i.e. seek aid in being continuous upon worship by performing it at times when you are energetic and active.’ [Fath ul-Bari 1/95]


38- 1012 – Abdullaah bin Mas’ood from the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘Verily there is nothing that brings you closer to Paradise except that I have commanded you with it.  And there is nothing that brings you closer to the Hell-Fire except that I have prohibited you from it. Indeed Jibra’eel breathed into my soul.

Indeed a person does not die until all that which is to be provided to him will be given to him.  So fear Allaah and make your request for that which is good and lawful, do not delay your provision by requesting it by disobedience to Allah, since you cannot achieve what is with Allaah except with obedience to Him.’

No. 2866


39 – 1013- From Ali bin Hussain that Abdullaah bin Abbas said that: a man from the Ansaar who was a Companion of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- told me that: they were sitting one night with the Messenger of Allaah we saw a shooting star and it lit up.  The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said to them: ‘What did you used to say in Jahileeyah (before Islaam) if you saw a shooting star?’

They said: Allaah and his Messenger know better!  We used to say that a great man was born this night and a great man died.

So the Messenger of Allaah said: ‘Indeed a star does not shoot out due to the death of anyone nor for the birth of anyone, however if our Lord -Tabaraka wa Ta’ala Ismuhu – decides a matter the carriers of the ‘Arsh glorify Allaah, then the people of the heavens who are after them glorify Allaah until this glorification reaches the people of the skies of the Duniya.  Then those who were after the carriers of the ‘Arsh say to the carriers of the ‘Arsh: ‘what did your lord say to you?’ So they inform them of what He said.

The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- continued saying: So some of the people of the heavens inquired from the other people, until the news reaches the sky of this Duniya then the Jinn seize this statement and they throw this to their Aawliyaa (friends) and they pass it on so whatever they mention correctly then this is the truth, however they increase upon this and they mention extra things.’

No. 3587


40 – 1017- From Abdullah bin ‘Abbas –RadhiAllaahu anhuma- who said: ‘The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said to me on the morning of ‘Aqaba while he was on his she-camel: ‘Collect small stones for me.’

So I collected seven small stones for him from the little stones and placed them in his palm, and he said: ‘Throw stones the likes of these (type and size stones).’ He said this twice. Then he said while raising his hand: ‘O you people beware of exaggerating in the Deen because what destroyed those before you was indeed exaggeration in the Deen.’

No. 1283


41- 1018 – ‘Whoever from a household, from among the Arabs and the non-Arabs, whom Allaah intends good for them, Allaah enters Islaam upon them, then the Fitn appear as if it were a shade.’

No. 51


Part F


42 – 1019 – From Abu Aamir al-Ashaari who said: a man was killed in a place called Awtaas. So the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said to him ‘O Abu Aaamir why did you not take the blood money?’

So Abu Aamir recited this Ayaah: << O you who believe you will not be harmed by the one who is misguided if you follow the right guidance.>> [Maida: 105]

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam became angry and said: ‘Where did you go? Verily it is: O you who believe you will not be harmed by the one who is misguided – from the Kuffar – if you follow the right guidance.’

No. 2560


43 – 1020 – From Ibn Umar who said: The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘If any person says to his brother ‘O Kaffir’ then it returns upon one of them if it is like what he said, otherwise it returns back upon the one who said it.’

No. 2891


44- 1021- From Abu Huraira from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

Eemaan has 70 odd doors, the lowest of which is removing harm from the pathway and the highest is the saying: ‘La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ (‘There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah’).

No. 1769


45- 1022 – From Amr bin Abbsah from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

al-Eemaan is patience and forgiveness.’

No.554


46 – 1024 – From Abu Huraira on the authority of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who said:

al-Eemaan is Yemeni and disbelief is from the east, and tranquility is amongst the people who have sheep. Indeed showing off and pride is in the people who possess camels; Bedouins and owners of horses.

The Masseeh [Dajjal] will come from the east and he will aim for al-Madinah, until he reaches behind mount Uhud, he will meet the Angels they will strike his face towards Shaam, there he will be destroyed, there he will be destroyed.’

No. 1770


47 – 1027 – From Abdullaah bin Umar from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘Reflect about the blessings of Allaah, and do not reflect about Allaah –Azza wa Jal.’

No.1788


48- 1028 – From Anas who said the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘There are three things that will always continue in my Ummah: competing with pride about ancestors, wailing over the dead and believing that it rained due such and such star.

No.1799


49- 1029 – From Abu Huraira from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘There are three actions from the people of Jahileeyah, which the people of Islaam will not leave: wailing, seeking rain from stars and this.’

I asked Sa’eed (the narrator who narrates from Abu Huraira): ‘What is ‘this’?

He said: the call of Jahileeyah ‘O family of so-and-so, O family of so-and-so, O family of so-and-so.’

No. 1801


50- 1030 – From Abdullaah bin Muawiyyah al-Ghaaddiree from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘There are three things whoever does them, then he has tasted the flavour of Eemaan: whoever worshipped Allaah Alone, and there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and whoever gives of his wealth as a means of goodness from himself being concerned to give it every year, not giving (from livestock) that which is old and decrepit, mangy or sick or an animal that is small and unpleasant which is stingy with its milk, but rather he gives from the average of his wealth as indeed Allaah does not ask you for the best of it and He does not order the worst of it.’

No. 1046


Part G


51- 1031- On the authority of Anas bin Maalik who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘There are three characteristics if a person has them then he has found the sweetness and taste of al-Eemaan: that Allaah –Azza wa Jal – and His Messenger are more beloved to him than other than them.  That he loves for the sake of Allaah and hates for the sake of Allaah.  And that a great fire is lit and that he falls into it is more beloved to him than associating anything with Allaah.’

No. 3423


52- 1032- On the authority of Abu Umamah from the MessengersallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘There are three from whom Allaah does not accept repentance nor sacrifice: the disobedient one, the carrier of tales and he who belies Qadr.’

No.1785


53 – 1042- On the authority of Abu Dharr who said: I went out one night, and I saw the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam walking alone with no one accompanying him. I thought that he disliked anyone to walk with him. So I began walking in the moonlight when I turned the Messenger saw me.

He said : ‘Who is that?’

I said: ‘Abu Dharr, may Allaah make me a sacrifice for you.’

He said: ‘O Abu Dharr! Come here.’

Abu Dharr mentions: I walked with the Messenger for an hour.

The Messenger said: ‘Indeed the rich people are the least rewarded on the Day of Judgement; except for the one to whom Allaah gives good, and he gives a lot in charity from his right, his left, in front of him, behind him and did good with his wealth.’

Abu Dharr continues: I walked with the Messenger for an hour.

The Messenger said: ‘Sit here.’

Abu Dharr mentions: He sat me in a lower piece of land with stones around it and said to me: ‘Sit here until I return to you.’

Abu Dharr mentions: He went to the area where the rocks were black until I could not see him, he stayed away from me, for a long time. Then I heard him whilst coming towards me, saying: ‘Even if the person stole and even if he committed Zina!!’

Abu Dharr adds: ‘When the Messenger came I could not be patient and asked: ‘O Prophet of Allaah, may Allaah make me a sacrifice for you, who were you talking to among the black rocks? I did not hear anyone respond to you with anything?’

The Messenger said: ‘That was Jibraeel who came to me in the area where the rocks are black, and he said: ‘Give glad-tidings to your Ummah that whoever dies and does not associate anything with Allaah will enter Paradise.’

So I asked: ‘O Jibraeel, even if that person steals and even if he commits Zina?’ He: said: ‘yes.’

So I asked: ‘O Jibraeel, even if that person steals and even if he commits Zina?’ He: said: ‘yes.’

So I asked: ‘O Jibraeel, even if that person steals and even if he commits Zina?’ He: said: ‘yes.’

He said: ‘Yes, even if he drank alcohol.’

No.826


54- 1043 – On the authority of Mu’adh bin Jabal that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Whoever fasts Ramadan and prays the Salaah, performs the Hajj of the House – I do not know if he mentioned Zakaah or not – it is a right upon Allaah that He forgives that person, whether if he migrates in the path of Allaah or stays in the land where he was born.’

Mu’adh asked: ‘Shall I not inform the people about this?’

The Messenger of Allaah said: ‘Let the people do good actions, since in Paradise there are a hundred levels, between every level is the distance between the heavens and the earth. Al-Firdaus is the highest of Paradise and its center, and above that is the ‘Arsh of ar-Rahman, from there spring-forth the rivers of Paradise, so when you ask Allaah then ask Him for al-Firdaus.’

No. 1913


55- 1047 – On the authority of Abu Huraira who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘A man is upon the religion of his companion; so you should be aware with whom you mix.’

No. 927


56- 1050 – On the authority of Ibn Abbas: that a man said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! What are the major sins?’

He said: ‘Shirk with Allaah, giving up hope of Allaah’s mercy and despairing from the mercy of Allaah.’

No. 2051


57- 1051 – On the authority of Anas who said when the news of the death of an-Nujjashi reached the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- he said: ‘Pray upon him.’

The people said: O Messenger of Allaah should we pray upon an Ethiopian slave who is not a Muslim?

Then Allaah – Ta’ala – revealed : <<And there are, certainly, among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians), those who believe in Allaah and in that which has been revealed to you, and in that which has been revealed to them, humbling themselves before Allaah. They do not sell the Verses of Allaah for a little price>>[3:199]

No. 3044


58 – 1059 – On the authority of al-Bara bin ‘Aazib, on the authority of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-

‘The saying of Allaah Ta’ala :

<<And whosoever does not judge by what Allaah has revealed, such are the disbelievers  >> and

<<And whosoever does not judge by that which Allaah has revealed, such are the oppressors>>

<<And whosoever does not judge by what Allaah has revealed (then) such (people) are the evil- doers>>

He said: they are all about the Kuffar.’

No. 2704


59- 1063 – On the authority of Abu Huraira on the authority of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- :

‘There was a man from the people before you, who did not do any good whatsoever except that he had Tawheed. So when death approached him, he said to his family: ‘See to it that when I die, my body is burnt until there only remains ashes, then grind them, then scatter them on a windy day, scatter the half of them on the land and half of them in the sea.’

I swear by Allaah, if Allaah punishes me, he will punish me so much, the like of which no-one from the earth has been punished.’

So, when he died they did what he had said. Then Allaah ordered the land to gather what it had, and ordered the sea to gather what it had in it, and there he was standing within Allaah’s Grip.

Allaah –Ta’ala – said: ‘O son of Adam! What made you do what you did?

He answered: ‘Yes, my Lord, from being fearful of You – [in another narration: from being fearful of You and You know best].

The Messenger mentions:  Allaah forgave him due to it, and the man had not done any good what so ever except for that he had Tawheed.’

No. 3048


Part H


60 – 1064 – From Jundub bin Abdullaah who said: The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘There was a man from amongst the people before you who was so wounded that he could not handle the pain, so he took a knife and made an incision in his hand, the blood kept flowing  until he died.

Allaah – Ta’ala – mentioned: ‘My slave has been hasty with himself and I have prohibited him from entering Paradise.’

No. 3013


61- 1075 – al-Miqdad bin al-Aswad said: I do not say anything good or bad about a man until I see how his life ends – after what I heard from the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-.

It was asked: ‘What did you hear?’

I heard the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam say:

‘the heart of the son of Adam changes more severely than a pot when it is boiling.’

No. 1772


62- 1076 – From Abul Darda, from the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who said:

‘Everything has a reality, a slave of Allaah does not reach the reality of Eemaan until he knows that which afflicted him would not have passed him by, and that what passed him by was not meant to afflict him.’

No. 2471


63- 1077 – From a man from Bani ‘Aamir who came to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and said: ‘Can I take refuge?’

The Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said to his slave girl: ‘Go out and tell him to say: ‘Assalamu alaykum, can I enter?’ Since he is not good at seeking permission.’

The man mentions: I heard what the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said before the slave girl could come out to me, so I said: ‘Assalamu alaykum, can I enter?’

The Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- replied: Alaykum, come in’

The man continues: I entered and asked the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘With what have you been sent?’

The Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- answered:

‘I have not come to you except with goodness, I came to you so that you worship Allaah Alone who has no Partner, and leave the worship of Laat and ‘Uzza (idols). That you pray the five prayers in the day and night, that you fast a month in the year.  That you perform the pilgrimage of the House and you take from the wealth of your rich people and give it to the poor people. Indeed Allaah knows the good and indeed there is from knowledge that which is only known to Allaah, there are five things which only Allaah knows: <<Verily, Allaah! With Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily, Allaah is All-­Knower, All-­Aware (of things).>>

No. 2712


64- 1079 – From Ibn Abbas, who said the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘During the night in which I was taken on the night journey and on the subsequent morning after I was in Makkah and although the matter (the night journey) was very difficult upon me I accepted it, and I knew that the people would not believe me.

The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- became sad and sat away from the people.

Ibn Abbas said: ‘The enemy of Allaah Abu Jahl passed by and came to the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam until he came and sat next to him and said to him mockingly: ‘What is going on?’

So the Messenger of Allaah answered: ‘Yes’

He said: ‘What is it?’

He answered: ‘I was taken up on a night journey.’

Abu Jahl asked: ‘Where to?’

He answered: ‘To Bait ul-Maqdis.’(Jerusalem)

He asked: ‘Then you returned here amongst us?’ (i.e. returned back)

The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- answered: ‘Yes.’

Abu Jahl pretended to accept what the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said fearing that the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam might retract his statement and make Abu Jahl look like a liar when he called his people to listen to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.

Abu Jahl said to the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘Can I call my people and you can tell them what you told me?’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Yes.’

Abu Jahl said: ‘Come O people of Bani Ka’b bin Luwee!’

A large group of people came to him and sat with them.

Abu Jahl said: ‘Tell your people what you told me.’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Indeed I was taken up on a night journey.’

They asked: ‘Where to?’

He answered: ‘To Bait ul-Maqdis.’

He asked: ‘Then you returned here amongst us?’ (i.e. returned back)

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam answered: ‘Yes.’

Ibn Abbas said: ‘So there were those who were applauding and those who were placing their hands on their heads astonished by the lie as they claimed it to be.’

They said: ‘Could you describe the Masjid for us – and there were a group of people who had just recently travelled to that country and had seen the Masjid – !?’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘I began to describe the Masjid so much so that I became confused with some of the descriptions. Then the Masjid was brought so I could see it, until it was placed just near the house of ‘Uqail, so I described it while I was looking at it.’

Ibn Abbas said: ‘Even with this vivid description I could not memorize all of it – , then he said: the people said: As for the description; then we swear by Allaah! That he is correct.’

No. 3021


Part I


66 – 1082 – From Abu Hurairah who said: A man found himself in need so he went out to the desert.  His wife said: O Allaah provide us with what we can make dough with, and with what we can make bread with. The man came back and the bowl was full of dough.  In the oven, there were many parts of a sheep being cooked, and there was a millstone grinding. He asked his wife: ‘Where is this from?’

She said: ‘From what Allaah has provided.’

The man began to clean what was around the millstone.

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘If he had left it, it would have continued turning or grinding until the day of Judgement.’

No.2937


67- 1083 – From Ibn Umar from the MessengersallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘If you knew the degree of the mercy of Allaah – Azza wa Jal – you would have become complacent and would not do any good deeds.  If you knew the degree of His anger then nothing would benefit you.’

No. 2167


68- 1084 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘If you had said: ‘Bismillaah’ (In the name of Allaah) the Angels would have flown with you while the people were watching you.’

The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said that to Talha when his fingers were cut off, and he was calling out in pain.’

No. 2796


69- 1087 – From Abu Musa from the Messenger:

‘There is none more patient upon harm which one hears, than Allaah. The people claim that He has a son and they ascribe a partner unto Him, even though He pardons them and defends them, provides for them, and gives them.’

No. 2249


70- 1088 – From Imran bin Hussain: That he saw a man with a brass band around his upper arm. So he said to him: ‘What is this?’

He said: ‘It is something good for me, helps me  from weakness.’

Imran said to him: ‘If you had died while you were wearing it you would have been left to rely upon that.

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Whoever seeks omens or has an omen made for him, is not from us, or he looks to predict his fortune or has his fortune told for him, or does magic or has magic done for him.’

No. 2195


71 – 1090 – From Anas who said: They (the Companions) said:  O Messenger of Allaah! When we are with you, we are in a certain state and if we leave you we are in a different state.

The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- asked: ‘How are you with your Lord?’ [and in Abu Ya’ala’s narration: ‘And your Prophet?’]

They said: ‘Allaah is our Lord.’ [and in Abu Ya’ala’s narration: ‘And you are our Prophet.’]

‘….. in secret and in the open.’

The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘That is not hypocrisy.’

No. 3020


72 – 1091 – From Abul-Darda who said: ‘The rain was withheld at the time of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam so we asked him to seek water for us, so the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- sought water.

The following day the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- came across a people who were talking saying: We were given water due to such and such star!

So the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘There is no blessing upon a people that Allaah gives except that they disbelieve in it.’

No. 3039


Part J


73- 1092 – From Jaabir bin Abdullaah who said: ‘We were with the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- on an expedition, and a man from the Muhajiroon hit a man from the Ansar. The man from the Ansar said: ‘O the people of Ansar!’ The man from the Muhajiroon said: ‘O the people of Muhajiroon!’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘What is this call of Jahileeyah (ignorance)!’

They said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! A man from the Muhajiroon hit a man from the Ansar.’

The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘Leave this call, since it is filthy.’

Jaabir said: ‘When the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- came forward the Ansar were greater in number, then after that the Muhajiroon increased in number.

Abdullaah bin Ubayy [the hypocrite] heard it and said: ‘Indeed they did it! When we return to Madinah, indeed the honourable ones will expel the lowly ones!

Umar said: ‘let me strike the neck of this Munafiq (hypocrite).’

The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘Leave him, in case the people say that Muhammad kills his Companions.’

No.3155


74- 1093 – From al-Aswad bin Sareeya’ who said:

‘I came to the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and took part in a battle along with the Messenger.

I fought against the best of the people at that time, until two sons were killed, [and in another narration: offspring] – so this reached the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and he said: ‘What is wrong with the people that the killing today extended to killing offspring ! !

A man said: ‘Messenger of Allaah! They are indeed the children of the Mushrikeen!’

The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- replied: ‘Were not the best of you the children of the Mushrikeen.’

Then he continued: ‘Do not kill off-spring; do not kill off-spring.  Every creation is born upon the natural disposition, and is given its language/tongue.  His parents convert him to a Jew or a Christian.’

No. 402


75- 1094 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘There is none from this Ummah who hears about me, neither a Jew nor a Christian and does not believe in me, except that he enters the Hell-Fire.’

No. 3093


76- 1096 – From Abu Razeen and Abdullaah bin ‘Amr from the Messenger:

‘The example of a believer is the like of a bee, he does not eat anything but good, and does not release except that which is good.’

No. 355


77- 1097 – From AbdurRahmaan bin Jubair bin Nafeer, from his father who said: we were sitting with al-Miqdad bin al-Aswad one day, when a person passed by him and said: ‘Toobah (a tree in Paradise) for these two eyes which saw the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘I swear by Allaah that we wish we had seen what you have seen and witnessed what you witnessed.’

Al-Miqdad became angry, I became astonished, because they did not say anything but good. Then he turned to the man and said: ‘What makes a person wish that he was present when Allaah has made him absent.  He does not know, if he had witnessed it, how he would have been at that time? I swear by Allaah there were a people that were present at the time of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, who Allaah will throw on their nostrils in the Hell-Fire, because they did not respond to the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- nor did they believe in him. Do you not praise Allaah, for taking you out from your mothers’ wombs not knowing anything except your Lord and believing in that which your Prophet was sent with. Indeed you have been saved from trials by others being trialed instead of you.

I swear by Allaah, that Allaah sent the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- in the severest time that any Prophet from among the Prophets was ever sent, in any period of time including the Jahileeyah time period (period of ignorance before Islaam).

They would not regard any religion better than the worship of idols, then the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- came with the Furqan (the Criterion) he separated the truth from falsehood with this Criterion, and he separated a father from his son, so much so that a man would see his father and his son or his brother as a disbeliever.

And indeed Allaah opened the lock of his heart with Eemaan, and he knows if he is destroyed he enters the fire, it does not make him happy that his beloved is in the fire. And it is about those that Allaah –Azza wa Jal – said: <<And those who say: ‘Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring the comfort of eyes>>’

No. 2823


78 – 1099 – From Jaabir bin Abdullaah, from the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-: ‘Whoever goes to a fortune teller, and believes in what he said; then he has disbelieved with what was revealed to Muhammad.’

No. 3387


Part K


79 – 1100 – From Ibn Mas’ood Radi Allaahu anhu who said: A man asked:

‘O Messenger of Allaah! Will we be taken to account for what we did in Jahileeyah (the time preceding Islaam)?’

The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘Whoever makes good his Islaam, will not be taken to account for what he did in Jahileeyah.  Whoever is bad in Islaam, then he will be taken to account for before Islaam and after.’

No. 3390


80 – 1101 – From Abu Dharr who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Whoever does good in what is left of his life, then he is forgiven for what preceded. Whoever does bad in what remains of his life, he is taken to account for what preceded and what remains.’

No. 3389


81- 1102 – From Abu Umamah al-Bahilly who said: ‘I was standing underneath the ride of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam in the farewell Hajj and the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said a good statement and from what he said was :

‘Whoever accepts Islaam from the People of the Book, then he is rewarded twice. He gets the like of what we get, and he will be accountable for the like of what we will be accountable for.

Whoever accepts Islaam from the Mushrikeen, then he will have his reward, and he will have the like of what we get and he will be accountable for the like for what we will be accountable.’

No. 304


82 – 1104 – From Abu Hurairah from the MessengersallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘Whoever calls to guidance, then he will have a reward the like of the reward of the one who follows him, nothing at all will decrease from their rewards. Whoever calls to misguidance, then he will have the sin the like of the sin of the one who follows him, nothing at all will decrease from their sins.’

No. 865


83 – 1105 – From Ibn Umar who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Whoever sees someone with an affliction and says: ‘alhamdulillaah alaathee ‘aafaanee mimma ibtallak beehi, wa faddalnee ala katheer mimman khalaqa Tafdeelah. (Praise be to Allaah Who has pardoned me from what He has afflicted you with, and chosen me above many of the creation.) then he will not be afflicted with that trial.’

No. 2737 & No.602 From Abu Hurairah


84 – 1106 – From Abu Hurairah from the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam who said:

‘Whoever wants to experience delight by finding the taste of Eemaan, then he should love a person and not love him except for Allaah’s sake.’

No. 2300


85 – 1107 – From Abdullaah bin ‘Amr from the MessengersallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘Whoever brags to the people to make them hear about his actions then Allaah exposes him to His creation on the Day of Judgement, Allaah degrades him and belittles him.’

No. 2566


86- 1108 – From Umar from the MessengersallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘Whoever bears witness that there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah, will enter Paradise.’

No. 2344


87 – 1109 – From Anas bin Malik who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid:

‘Whoever prays our prayer and faces our Qibla and eats what we slaughter then that is a Muslim who has the protection of Allaah and the protection of His Messenger, so do not cancel Allaah’s contract in regard to His protection.’

No. 3565


88- 1110 – From Jaabir bin Abdullaah from the Messenger:

‘Whoever says: La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ (there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah) sincerely enters Paradise.’

No. 2355


89- 1111 – From Uqbah bin ‘Aamir al-Juhani who said that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Whoever meets Allaah without associating anything with Him not having spilt (killing) blood which is unlawful to spill, enters Paradise.’

No. 2923


Part L


90- 1113 – From Abu Hurairah from the MessengersallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘Whoever does not supplicate (make Dua’) to Allaah, then Allaah is angry with him.’

No. 2654


91- 1114 – From Ibn Mas’ood from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘Whoever dies associating anything with Allaah, enters the Fire.’

No. 3566


92 – 1115 – From Abu Malik al-Ashja’aee from his father [Tariq bin Asheem] from the MessengersallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘Whoever singles out Allaah  for worship and disbelieves in that which is worshipped other than Him, then his wealth and his blood becomes sacred, and his account is with Allaah – Azza wa Jal.’

No. 428


93 – 1116 – From Abu Hurairah from the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – who said:

‘A believer is a mirror of another believer and a believer is a brother of a believer. He prevents his loss and destruction and defends and strives to benefit him from behind his back.

No. 926


94 – 1118 – From Abdullaah bin Umar that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim; he does not oppress him nor does he leave him to harm or be harmed. Whoever helps his brother in his time of need, then Allaah helps him in his time of need. Whoever relieves a Muslim from a hardship then Allaah relieves a hardship from him from the hardships of the Day of Judgement.  Whoever conceals a Muslim then Allaah conceals that Muslim on the Day of Judgement.’

No. 504


95- 1117- From Sahl bin Sa’d from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘A believer in relation to the people of Eemaan is [at the status] of what the head is to the body.  A believer feels pain when the people of Eemaan are afflicted, just like the head feels pain when the body is afflicted.’

No. 1137


96 – 1119 – From Nu’maan bin Basheer from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam :

‘The Muslims are the like of one man; if his eye complains of pain then all of him complains, and if his head complains of pain then all of him complains.’

No. 2526


97 – 1120 – From Ibn Abbas who said the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said to Abu Dharr:

‘Which bond of al-Eemaan – I think he said – is the most trustworthy?’

He said: ‘Allaah and His Messenger know best.’

He -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – answered:

‘The strongest bond of al-Eemaan is loyalty for the sake of Allaah and disassociation for the sake of Allaah, loving for the sake of Allaah and hating for the sake of Allaah.’

No. 1728 & 998


98 – 1122 – From Ibn Zarirah from his father from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – who said:

‘This was revealed about a people from my Ummah, whom at the end of time will belie the Qadr of Allaah – Azza wa Jal – about the saying of Allaah: <<‘Taste the touch of Hell!’ Verily, We have created all things with Qadr  >> [Qamr:48-49]

No. 1539


Part M


99 – 1123 – From Abaan bin ‘Uthmaan who said: Zayd bin Thabit came out from visiting Marwan at about mid-day, so we said there must be something important that he was asked about that made him come out, so I went to ask Zayd about what he was asked about.  He said: ‘Go ahead.’

We asked about things I had heard from the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, I had heard the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – say:

‘May Allaah give happiness (bless him with Paradise) to the person who hears a hadeeth from me and memorizes it until he conveys it to someone else.  Perhaps the one who carries the Fiqh (understanding) is not a Faqeeh (scholar), and perhaps the one who carries the Fiqh passes it to one who has a better understanding than him.  There are three characteristics with which a heart of a Muslim is never corrupted: the sincerity of action for Allaah’s sake, advising the leaders, adhering to the Jama’ah; since the Dua’ of the Muslims encompasses them.’

He -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – continued….:

‘Whoever is concerned with the Hereafter then Allaah gathers all his different issues, then Allaah puts contentment in his heart.  The Duniya comes to him even though he does not want it, whoever has the intention for the Duniya then Allaah divides up his matters, and places poverty in front of his eyes, and he only receives from the Duniya that which is written for him.’

No. 404


100- From Ubayd bin Rafa’atul Zurkkee, that Asma bint Umaays said: O Messenger of Allaah ! Indeed the evil eye rushes to the son of Ja’far so should I recite upon them?’

He said: ‘Yes, if there was something which could compete with al-Qadr, it would be the evil eye.’

No. 1252


101 – From Khareem bin Fatik al-Asdee that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said: ‘People are of four types, and actions are of six types.

People are of 1) those who will enriched in the Duniya and the Hereafter.

2) those who are enriched in the Duniya and constrained upon in the Hereafter. 3) those who are constrained in the Duniya and enriched in the Hereafter. 4) and those who are wretched in the Duniya and the Hereafter.

And actions are:

  • 1) and 2) – two obligatory ones.
  • 3) and 4) – like for like.
  • 5) – ten times as much reward
  • 6) – seven hundred times as much reward.

As for 1) and 2) – the two obligatory ones: whoever dies as a believing Muslim not associating anyone with Allaah then Paradise becomes obligatory for him and whoever dies as a non-Muslim then the Hell-fire becomes obligatory upon him.

3) and 4) Whoever intends to do a good deed but does not do it, and Allaah knows that his heart felt the deed and he would have striven to do it, then it is written as a good deed.  Whoever only intends to do a bad deed, then it is not written for him, and whoever does it then it is written as one and it is not multiplied.

5) whoever does a good action then he gets ten times as much reward.

6) and whoever gives wealth in the way of Allaah then he gets seven hundred times as much reward.

No. 2604


102 – 1167 – From Salman Radi Allaahu anhu that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said:

‘A person will be brought on the Day of Judgement with his good deeds with which he thinks he can be saved, this man will remain standing since he had oppressed many people, hence deeds will be taken from his good deeds; and they will be given to those whom he had oppressed until there will not remain any good deeds for him, then another oppressed person will be brought and the oppressor will not have any good deeds left for him, then the bad deeds will be taken from the oppressed person and placed with the oppressors bad deeds.’

No. 3373


103 – 1128 – From Abu Salih who said: I heard Abu Darda while he was questioned about << Those who believed, and used to fear Allaah much. For them are glad tidings, in the life of the present world >>[Surah Yunus: 63-64]  – he said: No-one has asked me this before you since I asked the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- about this Ayah, and he -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘No-one asked me about this before you: this is a good dream which a  slave of Allaah sees or it is seen for him. i.e. glad tidings in the life ’

No. 1786


104 – 1129 – From Abu Hurairah from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘By Him in whose Hand is my soul; there is not a person who hears about me from this Ummah, not a Jew, nor a Christian, then does not believe in me, except that he will be from the people of the Hell-Fire.’

No.157


105 – 1131 – From Umm Salmah who said: ‘I asked the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: Hisham bin al-Mughirah used to keep good relations with relatives, was hospitable to guests, freed slaves, and fed people, if he had encountered you, he would have accepted Islaam; Does all that benefit him?’

The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam answered:

‘No, indeed he was given from the Duniya and from its mention and praise, and he never even for one day said: O my Lord forgive me my mistakes on the Day of Judgement.’

No.2927


106 – 1133 – From Abu Hurairah who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Do not curse Time, indeed Allaah – Azza wa Jal – said: I am the Controller of Time, days and nights are mine I renew them and I trial them, and I bring kings after kings.’

No. 532


107 – 1134 – From Jabir bin Abdullaah that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Rizq (Provision) will not be withheld, indeed a slave of Allaah will not die until the last of his Rizq reaches him, follow the correct way in acquiring your Rizq: Take from the Halaal (permissible) and leave the Haraam (prohibited).’

No. 2607


108 – 1146 – From Abdullah bin Umar that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘We do not know anything better than one hundred of the like except a believer.’

No. 546


109 – 1147 – From Anas bin Malik from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘None of you truly believes until you love for your brother what you love for yourself from goodness.’

No. 73


Part N


110 – 1148 – From Jabir bin Abdullaah from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘A slave of Allaah does not believe until he believes in Qadr (pre-destination) the good of it and the evil of it; until he knows that which afflicted him was not going to pass him by, and that which passed him by was not going to afflict him.’

No. 2439


111- 1149 – From Aeysha who said I asked: O the Messenger of Allaah! Ibn Jaddan used to keep good relations with his relatives and feed the poor in pre-Islamic times, will that benefit him?’

The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam answered her:

‘No, O Aeysha! He never one day said: O my Lord forgive me my mistakes on the Day of Judgement.’

No. 249


112 – 1150 – From Abul-Darda, from the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam –who said:

‘A slave of Allaah does not reach the reality of Eemaan until he knows that which afflicted him was not going to pass him by, that which was going to pass him by was not going to afflict him.’

No. 3019


113 – 1151 – From Abu Huriarah from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

Eemaan and Kufr (disbelief) do not gather together in the heart of a person, nor do lying and truthfulness and neither do cheating and trustworthiness.

No.1050


114 –  – From Anas bin Malik who said: the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – entered upon a young man while he was dying, and he asked him: ‘How do you find it?’

He answered: ‘I have hope in Allaah, O Messenger of Allaah and I fear my sins.

The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said: ‘They are not combined fear and hope in the heart of Allaah’s slave in this situation – (time of death) – except that Allaah gives him what he hopes of, and grants him security from what he fears.’

No.1051


115 – 1153 – From Abu Rayhaana from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘Nothing from pride will enter Paradise.’

A person said: ‘O Prophet of Allaah I love to beautify myself: with a belt on my lash/whip and straps on my shoes?’

So the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘Indeed that is not from pride, indeed Allaah is Beautiful and loves beauty.  Indeed pride is looking down on the truth and belittling the people.’

No. 1626


116 – 1158 – From Abu Hurairah from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘An adulterer is not a believer while he is committing adultery (Zina); one who drinks alcohol is not a believer while he is drinking alcohol, a thief is not a believer while he is stealing.  A person who plunders is not a believer while he is forcefully taking things while the people are looking at him.’

No. 3000


117 – 1159  – From Ibn Umar from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘A believer is not bitten from the same hole twice.’

No.1175


118  – 1162 – From Abu Rashid al-Hubraani who said, Abu Umama al-Bahili took me by the hand and said: the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – took me by my hand and said to me:

‘O Abu Umama! Indeed from the believers are those who soften their hearts towards me.’

No. 1095


119 – 1163 – From Abdullaah bin ‘Amr the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said to Abu Bakr:

‘If Allaah had intend not to be disobeyed He would not have created Iblees.’

No.1642


120 – 1164 – From Jabir who said: the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – gave us a sermon in the middle of the days of Tashreeq (in Hajj), the farewell sermon where he said:

‘O you people! Indeed your Lord is One, and your father is one, there is no excellence for an Arab over non-Arab, nor a non-Arab over an Arab, nor a white person over a black person, nor for a black person over a white person except with Taqwa <<Verily, the most honourable of you with Allaah is he (the believer) who has At-Taqwa >>[Surah Hujaraat:13] have I not conveyed the message?’

They answered: ‘Of course! O Messenger of Allaah!’

Then he said: ‘Then the one present should inform the absentee.’

No.2700


121 – 1169 – From Jabir who said the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said:

‘People from amongst the people of Tawheed will be punished in the fire, until they become like charcoal, then mercy will reach them, they will come out and be left at the doors of Paradise. Then the people of Paradise will sprinkle water upon them, they will sprout/grow just like when seeds are carried off in the stream, then they will enter Paradise.’

No. 2451


122 – From Abu Hurairah, the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘The people will question one another so much that one of them will say: So Allaah created the creation, then who created Allaah Azza wa Jal?  So if they say this, then say:

قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَد ٌ ,اللَّهُ الصَّمَد ُ, لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَد ْ, وَلَمْ يَكُن لَّهُ كُفُوًاأَحَدٌ  الإخلاص: ١ – ٤

<< Say: He is Allaah, The One.  Allaahus-Samad, He does not beget nor was he begotten, and there is none like unto Him. >>

Then he should spittle to his left three times and seek refuge from the Shaytan.

No. 117


All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His Praise  and Blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions and all those who follow his

The Correct Creed : Qadar (Pre-Decree) – Dr. Saleh As-Saleh [Audio|En]

The Correct Creed – Abdus Salaam Burjis – 10- Pre-Decree – Saleh-As-Saleh

Posted from : The Correct Creed – Based upon the book of Shaykh al Burjiss

The Correct Creed : Books – Shaykh Abdus-Salaam bin Barjiss / Dr. Saleh As-Saleh [Audio|En]

The Correct Creed – Abdus Salaam Burjis – 07- Books – Saleh-As-Saleh

Posted from : The Correct Creed – Based upon the book of Shaykh al Burjiss

The Meaning of “Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah” – Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen

The Meaning of The Shahaadah: Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah.

Question 13: You explained the meaning of the Shahaadah: La Ilaaha Illallaah. So, what is the meaning of the Shahaadha: Muhammad Rasoolullaah

The Answer: As for the meaning of the testification that Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) is the Messenger of Allaah [Muhammad Rasoolullaah] then it is the attestation with the tongue and the belief with the heart that Muhammad bin ‘Abdullaah al- Qurashee al-Haashimee is the Messenger of Allaah to all of the creation, to the Jinn and mankind, as stated by Allaah, The Most High:

Verily! I am Allaah’s Messenger to you all. He is the One to whom the Dominion of the heavens and the earth belongs, none has the right to be worshipped but Him; It is He Who gives life and causes death. So believe in Allaah and His Messenger, the Prophet who can neither read nor write, who believes in Allaah and in His Words [this Qur’aan] and follow him so that you may be guided. [Qur’aan, soorat al-A’raaf (7): 158].

He, The Most High, also Said:

(Exalted is) Blessed be He Who sent down the Criterion [of right and wrong, i.e. the Qur’aan] to His slave [Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم] that he may be a warner to the ‘Aalameen (mankind and Jinn). [Qur’aan, soorat al-Furqaan (25): 1].

This Shahaadah necessitates that

  • you believe whatever Allaah’s Messenger informed you of;
  • you comply with whatever he commands;
  • you avoid whatever he forbade and prohibited, and that
  • you do not worship Allaah except with that which he prescribed.

It also necessitates that

  • you do not believe that Allaah’s Messenger has any share nor any right in Ar-Ruboobiyyah or in controlling the affairs of the creation, nor any right to be worshipped at all.Rather, he صلى الله عليه و سلم is a slave worshipper, not one to be worshipped; and that he is a Messenger who is not to be belied. 
  • It is not in his power to bring harm or benefit, neither for himself nor for others, except as Allaah Wills.

This is evident in the Saying of Allaah, The Most High:

Say [O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم]: “I do not tell you that with me are the treasures of Allaah, nor that I know of al-Ghayeb (the hidden and unseen); nor I tell you that I am an angel. I but follow what is revealed to me (by inspiration).” [Qur’aan, soorat al-An’aam (6): 50].

He is a slave of Allaah who acts as he is commanded and follows the orders he is given. And Allaah, The Most High, Says:

[Say O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم]: “It is not in my power to cause (bring) you harm or bring (guide) you to the Right Path.” Say: “None can protect me from Allaah’s Punishment [if I were to disobey Him], nor should I find refuge except in Him.” [Qur’aan, soorat al-Jinn (72): 21-22].

Allaah, The Most High, also Says:

Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم): “I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself except as Allaah Will. And if I had the knowledge of the Ghayeb, I shoud have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who believe.” [Qur’aan, soorat al-A’raaf (7): 188].

So, this is the meaning of the testimony of Laa Ilaaha Illalaah, Muhammad Rasoolullaah. From this meaning the person knows that nothing from the creation deserves the right to be worshipped, not the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم nor anyone from the creation who is below him in rank; and that worship an only be for Allaah, alone; and that the right of Allaah’s Messenger upon us is to give him the rank and standing which Allaah, The Most High, gave to him: The slave of Allaah and His Messenger.

Translated by Dr Saleh as Saleh rahimahullaah
SourceUnderstanding Worship – Fiqh ul-‘Ibadah – Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen

So beware O Muslim! Of negating faith from yourself – Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلمsaid:

Whoever Allah wants good for, He gives him understanding of the religion.”[1]

And understanding of the religion demands acceptance of it, because every person who understands and knows the religion, he accepts it, and loves it.

He, the Exalted, said:

But no, by your Lord, they have not believed, until they make you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم‎) judge in all disputes between them, and find in themselves no resistance against your decisions, and accept (them) with full submission. (An-Nisa 4:65).

So this form of swearing stresses – by use of the statement (No!), and swearing particularly by the Rububiyyah of Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, over His slaves, and it is the mention of Allah’s Rububiyyah over His Messenger – it stresses the negation of faith from Whoever does not abide by these three matters:

The First: Judgement of the Messenger ( صلى الله عليه وسلم‎) based on His saying: “until they make you judge in all disputes between them” meaning (by you), the Messenger ( صلى الله عليه وسلم‎).

Whoever seeks judgement from other than Allah and His Messenger, he is not a believer. He is either a disbeliever whose disbelief has brought him out of the religion, or a disbeliever whose disbelief is less than that.

The Second: The chest being open to the judgement; such way that they do not find any resistance in themselves for his decision. They rather find acceptance and openness to what the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم‎) decided.

The Third: That they submit, which is stressed; meaning with complete submission.

So beware O Muslim! Of negating faith from yourself. Let us draw an example for this: Two men were arguing about the Shari’ah ruling on an issue. One of them brought evidence from the Sunnah, while the other found difficulty and felt constricted by that. How could he abandon who he follows, so as to follow this Sunnah? This man, without a doubt, has deficient faith, because the believer, in truth, is he who, when he has a text from the Book of Allah and the Sunnah of His Messenger ( صلى الله عليه وسلم‎) he feels as if he has won the greatest of spoils, and he will be joyful for that, and say: “All praise is due to Allah who guided me to this.” But so-and-so, who is partisan to his opinion, and tries to turn the textual proofs upside down, so that he can make them agree with what he likes, not what Allah and His Messenger intended, then this one is in a tremendous state of danger.

[1] Reported by Al-Bukhari (71) and Muslim (1037) from Mu’awiyah bin Abi Sufyan, may Allaah be pleased with him.

SourceAl-’Aqidah Al-Wasitiyyah (2 Vol. Set) – Author: Shaykh Muhammad bin Salih Al-’Uthaimin – Publisher: Darussalam Publishers & Distributors. You are encouraged to buy this wonderful book.

The Correct Understanding Of Eman & Those Who Deviate From This – Shaykh Rabee [Video|Ar-En Subtitles]


Video Source: http://westlondondawah.net/ | http://salafi.tv

The Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith) – Meaning & Conditions – Dr. Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Read :

The Shahaadah – Testimony of Faith – by Saleh As-Saleh [PDF]

Audio

01- The Shahaadah – Meaning – Pillars – Conditions – part 1 – Saleh As-Saleh

02- The Shahaadah – Meaning – Pillars – Conditions – part 2 – Saleh As-Saleh

03- The Shahaadah – Merits – Saleh As-Saleh

04- The Shahaadah – part 1 – laa ilaaha illa Allaah – Saleh As-Saleh

05- The Shahaadah – part 2 – Muhammad Rasuul Allaah – Saleh As-Saleh

06- Discussion on the Meaning of Shahaadah – Part 1 – Saleh As-Saleh

07- Discussion on the Meaning of Shahaadah – Part 2 – Saleh As-Saleh

The Consequence of the One who Does not Believe in the Prophet

The Consequence of the One who Does not Believe in the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam
Taken from ‘Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah’

By the Muhaddith, Shaykh, Allamaa’  Muhammad Nasir uddeen al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

No. 157 – From Abu Hurairah from the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘By Him in whose Hand is my soul; there is not a person who hears about me from thisUmmah, not a Jew, nor a Christian, then does not believe in me, except that he will be from the people of the Hell-Fire.’

[Collected by Ibn Munda in ‘Tawheed’ and Muslim in his Saheeh, likewise Abu ‘Awaanah and Ahmad]

Shaykh Albaani said:

‘The hadeeth is clear in that whoever hears about the Prophet  sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and what he was sent with, and then it reaches that person in the way that Allaah revealed it to the Messenger  sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, and does not believe in the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam then his path is to the Hell-Fire.  There is no difference in this between a Jew, or a Christian, or a fire-worshipper, and the atheist.

My belief is that if many of the non-Muslims were granted the opportunity to become acquainted with the principles, beliefs and worship that Islaam came with, then they would hasten to enter into Islaam in crowds, as it occurred in the beginning of Islaam.

If only some of the Islaamic countries would send callers to the western countries, from those who have knowledge of Islaam and know its reality, and that they know what has attached itself to Islaam from superstitions, Bida’ (innovations) and lies. So that the one who calls to Islaam will be able to present it in a good manner to those he is calling, and this requires the caller to have knowledge of the Book and the authentic Sunnah, and he knows some of the common foreign languages. This is a matter which is honourable and it is something nearly lost.  So this issue requires keen preparation, so perhaps they will begin this preparation.’

[Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth as-Saheehah  by Shaykh al-Albaani (vol 1/157)]

No. 3093 From Sa’eed bin Jubair Mursal that the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘There is no-one who hears about me from this Ummah, not a Jew, nor a Christian, then does not believe in me, except that he will be from the people of the Hell-Fire.’

And Sa’eed bin Jubair said: ‘I began to say: Where is the confirmation of that in the Book of Allaah?!’ Sa’eed continued: ‘It was very rare that I heard a hadeeth from the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam except that I found a confirmation for that in the Qur’aan; until I found this Ayaah: << وَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِهِ مِنَ الْأَحْزَابِ فَالنَّارُ مَوْعِدُهُ >> <<but those of the sects (Jews, Christians and all the other non-Muslim nations) that reject it (the Qur’aan), the Fire will be their promised meeting-place >> includes all the different nations.

[Collected by Tabari]

Shaykh Albaani said:

‘It is possible to include this hadeeth to be from what is a clarification and explanation of the saying of Allaah Ta’ala: << وَمَا كُنَّا مُعَذِّبِينَ حَتَّى نَبْعَثَ رَسُولًا >> <<And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning).>> along with the point where the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid: ‘hears of me’ i.e. that he hears about the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam upon reality as a human, a Messenger, a Prophet.  So whoever hears about the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamupon other than what he sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamwas upon, other than what he sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamwas upon from guidance, light and excellent manners; due to some of the ignorant Muslims, or the misguided callers from the Christian evangelists and atheists, who present the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamto their people in other than his real way that he was well known for.  So the likes of these people have not heard of the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, and theDawa has not reached them, so the warning mentioned in the hadeeth does not include them.

And this is like the saying of the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘Whoever sees me in his sleep then it is as if he sees me in his wakeful state, since indeed Shaytaan cannot resemble me.’ [Silsilah Saheeh No.1004]  i.e. sees him in this real form and his characteristics which he was upon in his lifetime.  So whoever really claims that he saw an old Shaykh with a white beard, then he has not seen the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam; because this characteristic opposes that which the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamwas upon, from that which is known from his characteristics SallAllaahu Ta’ala alayhi wa Alahi wa sallam.

[Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth as-Saheehah  by Shaykh al-Albaani (vol 6/3093)]

Imaan is Patience and Gratitude – Imam Ibn al Qayyim

Taken from the book: Tools for the Patient & Provisions for the Thankful
By Shaykh ul –Islaam Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Imaan is of two halves; half is patience (Sabr) and half is being thankful (Shukr).

More than one from amongst the Salaf said: ‘Patience is half ofImaan.’

Abdullaah bin Masood – radi Allaahu anhu – said: ‘Imaan is of two halves: half is patience and half is gratitude.’
This is why Allaah – Subhanahu – combines patience and being thankful in His saying: <<Truly, in this there are signs for every patient, thankful person.>>[1]

As Allaah has mentioned in the verses of soorat Ha Mim ‘Ain Seen Qaaf 33, and soorat Saba 19, and in soorat Luqman 31.  Indeed there are considerations which have been mentioned for these classifications of patience and gratitude:

The First Consideration:

That Imaan is a definition for all sayings, actions and intentions. And this is divided into two divisions: performing righteous actions and leaving prohibitions; so doing an action is obedience to Allaah and that is the reality of Shukr. Leaving a prohibition is being patient in keeping away from sins, and all of the Deen is about these two aspects: doing that what you have been commanded to do, and leaving what you have been commanded to leave.

The Second Consideration:

That Imaan is built upon two pillars: Yaqeen (certainty), and Sabr(patience). They are two pillars that are mentioned in His Ta’ala’s saying:

<<And We made from among them (Children of Israel), leaders, giving guidance under Our Command, when they were patient and used to believe with certainty in Our Ayaat>>[2]

So with Yaqeen, the reality of commands and prohibitions is known, and the reality of reward and punishment is also known.  With patience commands are carried out, and patience also stops a person from doing that which he has been prohibited from.  He will not achieve true faith in fulfilling commands and keeping away from prohibitions, knowing these commands and prohibitions are from Allaah, nor will he achieve true faith of reward and punishment, except with Yaqeen (certainty).

It is not possible for the slave to remain steadfast upon carrying out commands, and stopping oneself from prohibitions except with patience, therefore patience becomes half of Imaan, and the second half of Imaan is being thankful, by carrying out what he has been commanded with, and leaving that which he has been prohibited from.

The Third Consideration:

Imaan is sayings and actions.  Sayings of the heart, and sayings of the tongue.  Actions of the heart, and actions of the limbs.

The explanation of this is: whoever knows Allaah with his heart, and does not affirm it with his tongue then he cannot be a believer.

As Allaah said concerning the people of Pharaoh:

<< And they belied the Ayaat, wrongfully and arrogantly, though they themselves were convinced thereof [i.e. those (Ayaat) are from Allaah] >>[3]

And like wise, Allaah said concerning the people of ‘Aad and the people of Salih :

<<And ‘Ad and Thamûd (people)! And indeed (their destruction) is clearly apparent to you from their (ruined) dwellings. Shaytan made their deeds fair seeming to them, and turned them away from the Right Path, though they were intelligent. >>[4]

And Musa said to Pharaoh:

(( Musa  said: “Verily, you know that these signs have been sent down by none but the Lord of the heavens and the earth as clear evidences ))[5].

So these people achieved the sayings of the heart: which are al-Ma’rifah (knowing) and ‘ilm (knowledge), but despite this they were not regarded as believers.  Also, the person who says with his tongue that which is not in his heart is not regarded as a believer, but rather he is regarded as being from the hypocrites.

Also, the one who knows with his heart and affirms it with his tongue is not regarded as a believer with just that, until he performs actions of the heart from love and hate, friendship and hostility; so he loves for Allaah and His Messenger, and he has loyalty to the‘Aawliyah (friends) of Allaah and he shows enmity to the enemies of Allaah, and he submits his heart to Allaah Alone.  Submitting oneself to following His Messenger and obedience to Him (Allaah), and adhering to His Sharia’ externally and internally, and if he does this, it is not sufficient for him to have complete Imaan until he does that what he has been commanded with.

So these four ‘Arkaan (pillars) are the ‘Arkaan of Imaan upon whichImaan is built, and it is: going back to knowledge and action, and abstaining from that which is prohibited, which is also regarded as action. Both knowledge and action cannot be achieved except with patience, so Imaan becomes two halves: one of which is patience, and the other which is the result of this patience, is knowledge and action.

The Fourth Consideration:

The soul has two forces: a driving force, and a restraining force, and the soul is always going back and forth between the rules of these two forces; driven towards that which it loves, and abstaining from that which it dislikes.  The whole of the Deen is based upon, motivating oneself and abstaining.  Motivation towards obedience, and abstention from sinning against Allaah. It is not possible to achieve any of these except by patience

The Fifth Consideration:

The whole of the Deen is hope and fear, so the believer is one who has hope and fear.  Allaah Ta’ala said: <<Verily, they used to hasten on to do good deeds, and they used to call on us in hope and in fear>>[6]

And in  the supplication at the time of going to sleep, which Bukhari narrated in his ‘Saheeh’: ‘O Allaah, indeed I have submitted my self to You, and directed my face towards You, and entrusted my matters to You.’

So you will never find a believer except that he is one who has hope and fear.  Hope and fear are not established except on the stalk of patience, so fear encourages him to be patience and hope steers him towards being thankful.

The Sixth Consideration:

That everything that a slave is exposed to in this world, does not exclude that which will benefit him in this world and in the Hereafter, or that which will harm him in this world and in the Hereafter, or that which will benefit him in one of these two places, and harm him in the other.  The noblest types of action that a person does are those that benefit him in the Hereafter, and he leaves the other world and leaves that which will harm him in it, and this is the reality of Imaan.  Hence the action that benefits him isShukr (thankfulness), and leaving that which harms him is patience.

The Seventh Consideration:

That a slave cannot separate himself from an action that he does, nor a prohibition that he leaves, and destiny overtakes him.  He has an obligation of three things, patience and thankfulness.  So fulfilling that which you have been commanded to do is Shukr (thankfulness) and leaving prohibitions and being patient with your destiny, is patience.

The Eighth Consideration:

Indeed the slave consists of two aspects which call him: an invitation that calls him to the Duniya and its worldly desires and delights.  And an invitation that calls him to Allaah and the Hereafter, and that which has been prepared in it for the ‘Aawliyahof Allaah from amongst its everlasting blessings.

So the rebel of worldly passions and desires is Sabr, and that which responds to Allaah and the Hereafter is Shukr.

The Ninth Consideration:

The Deen revolves around two fundamental principles: determination and perseverance. These are two principles which are mentioned in the hadeeth which has been narrated by Ahmad and an-Nisaee on the authority of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam ‘O Allaah verily I ask of You perseverance in my affairs, and determination in conduct.[7]
The foundation of Shukr is the correctness of resolve, and the foundation of Sabr is the force of perseverance, so when a slave is supported with determination and perseverance, then he has indeed been supported with assistance and capability.

The Tenth Consideration:

Indeed the Deen is built upon two foundations: Truth and patience, and both are mentioned in the saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

<<And they advise one another to the truth, and recommend one another with patience.>>[8]

So what it is required of the slave is to do actions truthfully with in himself, and implementing them amongst the people.

And this is the reality of Shukr, which is not possible for the slave unless he is patient upon it, and in doing that Sabr becomes half ofImaan.

And Allaah –Subhanahu Ta’ala- knows best.

All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace and blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions and all those who follow his guidance.

[1] Ibrahim 14:5

[2] Sooratul as-Sajda 24

[3] Sooratul Naml 14

[4] Sooratul Ankaboot 38

[5] Sooratul Isra 102

[6] Sooratul Anbiyya 90

[7] As-Saheehah 3228 – Shaykh Albaani

[8] Sooratul Asr 3

The Correct Belief and what Opposes It – Imaam ibn Baaz

AUTHOR: Imaam ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin ‘Abdillaah bin Baaz
TRANSLATED: Al-Ibaanah Book Publishing
PRODUCED BY: Al-Ibaanah.com

About the Book:

This is a translation of a short yet highly beneficial treatise from Imam Ibn Baaz called Al Aqeedat-us-Saheehah wa maa Yudaaduhaa (The Correct Belief and what Opposes It). The Arabic source for this translation can be found on Imaam Ibn Baaz’s web site at http://www.binbaz.org.sa.

In this treatise, Imaam Ibn Baaz. may Allaah have mercy on him, outlines the Creed of Ahlus-Sunnah with regard to Eemaan (Faith), Tawheed, Worship, and Allaah’s Names and Attributes in a concise and informative manner. He divides his discussion into six sections basing iron the six pillars of Eemaan (Faith), which are: Belief in Allaah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and Divine Pre-Decree.

At the end of the treatise, the Imaam presents ten of the most significant things that nullify and invalidate a person’s Islaam, basing that on the famous treatise of Imaam Muhammad bin ‘Abdul-Wahhaab known as The Nullifiers of Islaam.”

This treatise is an excellent resource for new and beginning Muslims to learn about the fundamentals of their Religion in a brief and simple manner. It is for this reason that we chose this essay, hoping that it may be of benefit to those whom it reaches.

[Download the PDF eBook]

The Full content of the Book below :

INTRODUCTION

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy. All praise is for Allaah alone, and may the peace and blessings be upon the one after whom there is no messenger, as well as his family and Companions.

To Proceed:

Since having the correct belief is the foundation and basis of the Religion of Islaam, I felt that it should be the topic of this lecture.

It is well known from the religious texts of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah that a person’s statements and actions are only considered valid and acceptable (by Allaah) if they are produced as a result of having the correct belief. So if one’s beliefs are not correct, he invalidates whatever statements and actions branch out from it, as Allaah says:

“And whoever rejects Faith (Eemaan), then he has nullified his good deeds, and in the Hereafter, he will be from among the losers.” [Surah Al-Maa’idah: 5]

And Allaah says:

“And it has been revealed to you (O Muhammad) and to those before you that: If you mix partners in worship with Allaah, your good deeds will surely be cancelled out, and you will indeed be from the losers.” [Surah Az-Zumar: 65]

The verses (from the Qur’aan) bearing this same meaning are many. The clear Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His trustworthy messenger, may the best of his Lord’s peace and blessings be on him, indicate that the Correct Belief can be summed up in:

Faith in Allaah, His Angels, His (revealed) Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and the Divine Pre-Decree, the good and the bad of it. So these six things form the foundations of the Correct Belief, with which Allaah sent down His mighty Book, and with which Allaah sent His messenger, Muhammad, peace and blessings be on him.

Everything that one is obligated to have faith in from the matters of the Unseen, as well as everything that Allaah and His Messenger have informed of branch out from these six foundations. The proofs for these six foundations in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah are many.

Among them is the saying of Allaah:

“Righteousness (Birr) is not that you turn your faces towards the east and the west (in prayer), but rather righteousness is (for) the one who believes in Allaah, the Last Day, the Angels, the Books and the Prophets.” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 177]

And the saying of Allaah:

“The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and so do the believers – all of them believe in Allaah, His Angels. His Books and His Messengers. (And they say): We make no distinctions between any of His Messengers.” [Surah AlBaqarah: 285]

And His saying:

“O you who believe! Believe in Allaah and His Messenger and the Book that was revealed to His Prophet and the Scripture that was revealed in the past (before him). And whoever disbelieves in Allaah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers and the Last Day has gone far astray.” [Surah An-Nisaa: 136]

And His saying:

“Don’t you know that Allaah knows all that is in the heaven and on the earth? Verily, it is all (written) in the Book (Preserved Tablet). Verily, that is easy for Allaah.” [Surah AlHajj: 70]

As for the authentic ahaadeeth that indicate these foundations, then they are many. Amongst them is the famous authentic hadeeth reported by Muslim in his Saheeh in which ‘Umar bin AlKhattaab (radyAllaahu ‘anhu) narrated that (the angel) Jibreel asked the Prophet about Eemaan (Faith). So he (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) replied to him: “Eemaan (Faith) is to believe in Allaah, His Angels, His Books, His Messengers, the Last Day, and to believe in Divine pre-Decree, the good of it and the bad of it.” This hadeeth was transmitted by AlBukhaaree and Muslim from Abu Hurairah (radyAllaahu ‘anhu).

These are the six foundations from which everything a Muslim is obligated to believe in originates, whether it be with respect to Allaah, the Day of Judgement, and anything else from the Unseen (Ghaib).

FIRST: FAITH IN ALLAAH

Faith in Allaah entails: Believing that He is the only true God that has the right to be worshipped apart from everyone else, due to His being the Creator of the servants (i.e. humans/jinn), the One who is kind to them, the Grantor of their sustenance, the All-Knower of their inner and outer actions, the One who is All-Able to reward those who obey Him and punish those who disobey Him. Allaah created these two species (the Jinn and mankind) for the purpose of this worship, as He says:

“And I did not create the Jinn and mankind except to worship Me. I do not seek any provision from them nor that they should feed Me. Verily, Allaah is the All-Provider, Owner of Power, Most Strong.” [Surah Adh-Dhaariyaat: 56]

And He said:

“O you who believe! Worship your Lord who created you and those before you in order that you may gain Taqwaa (fear and dutifulness to Allaah). He is the One who made the earth a resting place for you and the sky as a canopy, and sent down water (i.e. rain) from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. So do not set up rivals with Allaah while you know (that only He is to be worshipped).” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 22]

Allaah sent Messengers and revealed Scriptures to clarify this truth and call to it and to warn from what opposes it, as He says:

“And we have indeed sent to every nation a Messenger (saying): Worship Allaah alone and avoid the false deities.” [Surah An-Nahl: 36]

And He says:

“And We did not send any messenger before you except that We revealed to Him: No one has the right to be worshipped but I, so worship Me.” [Surah Al-Anbiyaa: 25]

And He says:

“(This is) a Book, the Verses whereof are perfected and then explained in detail from One (Allaah) who is All-Wise and Well-Acquainted (with all things): (Saying) worship none but Allaah. Verily, I (Muhammad) am unto you from Him a warner and a bringer of glad tidings.” [Surah Hood: 1-2]

The reality (meaning) of this worship is to: Single Allaah out in everything that the servants worship Him with, such as supplication, fear, hope, prayer, fasting, sacrificing, making oaths and all the other types of worship with full submission, whilst fearing (His Punishment) and hoping (for His reward), having complete love for Him, and humbling oneself to His Grandness.

A large part of the noble Qur’aan was revealed concerning this great principle (i.e. worship), such as Allaah’s statement:

“So worship Allaah, making the worship sincerely for Him alone. Verily, to Allaah belongs the pure (sincere) religion (i.e. worship).” [Surah Az-Zumar: 2-3]

And His statement:

“And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him.” [Surah Al-Israa: 23]

And His statement:

“So call upon Allaah, making your worship purely for Him alone, even though the disbelievers may hate it.” (Surah Ghaafir: 14]

And in the two Saheeh collections, Mu’aadh reported that the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “The right Allaah has over His servants is that they worship Him alone and not ascribe any partners to Him.”

Having Faith in Allaah also entails believing in everything that He has ordered and made obligatory upon His servants, such as the five outer pillars of Islaam, which are:

1. Testifying that there is no deity that has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah
2. Establishing the Prayer
3. Giving the Zakaat
4. Fasting in Ramadaan, and
5. Making the pilgrimage (Hajj) to the Sacred House of Allaah, for those who are able to perform it.

This goes as well for the other obligations that have come with the pure legislation.

The most important and greatest of these (five) pillars is: Testifying that there is no deity that has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah.

Testifying that there is no deity that has the right to be worshipped except Allaah requires that worship be performed purely for Allaah alone, and negates it from everyone else besides Him.

This is what is intended by the statement Laa Ilaaha IllaaAllaah, for it’s meaning is: There is no deity that has the right to be worshipped except Allaah. So everything that is worshipped besides Allaah, such as a human being or an angel or a Jinn or anything else, then they are worshipped wrongfully. The One who is worshipped truthfully is Allaah alone, as He says:

“That is because Allaah, He is the Truth (only true God), and what they invoke on besides Him is falsehood.” [Surah Al-Hajj: 62]

We have explained previously that Allaah created the two species (Jinn and mankind) for the purpose of this great principle, and that He commanded them with it, sent His messengers because of it and revealed His Books for it. So think about this and reflect on it much so that it could become clear to you what a majority of the Muslims have fallen into from manifest ignorance of this fundamental principle such that they worship others along with Allaah and direct His sole rights to other than Him, may Allaah aid us!

Faith in Allaah also entails: Believing that Allaah created all that exists and manages and administers all of their affairs, through His Knowledge and Ability, as He wills. And it entails believing that He is the Owner of this world and the Hereafter, and the Lord of all of the worlds, there being no Creator besides Him or Lord like Him. He sent Messengers and revealed Scriptures to rectify the servants and to call them to that which contains their salvation and success in the current life as well as the Hereafter. And it entails believing that He has no partner in all of that, as He says:

“Allaah is the Creator of everything, and He is the Guardian of all affairs.” [Surah AzZumar: 62]

And He says:

“Indeed your Lord is Allaah, Who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then rose over the Throne (in a manner that befits His Majesty). He covers the night with the day, seeking it rapidly, and (He created) the sun, the moon, and the stars, (all) are subjected to His Command. Surely, to Him belongs the Creation and the Command. Blessed be Allaah, Lord of all that exists.” [Surah Al-A’raaf: 54]

Faith in Allaah also entails: Believing in Allaah’s Perfect Names and Attributes, which have been mentioned in His mighty Book and authentically reported on His trustworthy Messenger, without distorting their meanings (tahreef), denying them (ta’teel), describing their manner (takyeef) or making similarities to them (tamtheel). Rather, they must be left in the manner they were reported without describing how they are, whilst believing in the great meanings they carry, which are descriptions of Allaah. It is obligatory to describe Him with them (i.e. these Names and Attributes) in a manner that befits Him without allowing for His creation to resemble Him in any of His Attributes, as Allaah says:

“There is nothing like Him in comparison and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.” [Surah Ash-Shooraa: 11]

And He says:

“So do not put forth similarities to Allaah. Verily, Allaah knows and you know not.” [Surah An-Nahl: 74]

This is the Creed and Belief of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah, from the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger and those who succeeded them upon goodness. And this is what Imaam AbulHasan Al-Ash’aree, may Allaah have mercy on him, reported in his book “Al-Maqaalaat ‘an As’haab-il-Hadeeth wa Ahlis-Sunnah”, as did other scholars.

Al-Awzaa’ee, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “Az-Zuhree and Mak’hool were asked about the verses regarding Allaah’s Attributes, so they replied: ‘Leave them as they have been reported.’”

Al-Waleed bin Muslim, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “Maalik, Al-Awzaa’ee, Al-Layth bin Sa’ad, and Sufyaan Ath-Thawree were asked about the texts that were reported concerning Allaah’s Attributes, so they all said: ‘Leave them as they have been reported without describing how (they are).’”

Al-Awzaa’ee, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “We used to say, while the Taabi’oon (Successors of the Companions) were present and abundant, that Allaah is above His Throne and that we believe in what has been stated in the Sunnah regarding His Attributes.”

When Rabee’ah bin ‘Abdir-Rahmaan, the teacher of Maalik, was asked about Allaah’s rising over His Throne, he replied: “The Rising is not (something) unknown and how it is done is incomprehensible. From Allaah is the Message and upon the Messenger is to openly convey it, and upon us is to believe in it.”

And when Imaam Maalik was asked about it, he said: “The Rising is well known, how it is done is unknown, believing in it is an obligation and asking concerning it is an innovation.” Then he said to the questioner: “I do not consider you to be anything but an evil man.” And he put someone in charge of him and he was cast out, Something with the same meaning was also reported on the Mother of the Believers, Umm Salamah (radyAllaahu ‘anhaa).

Imaam Abu ‘Abdir-Rahmaan ‘Abdullaah bin Al-Mubaarak, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “We know our Lord as being above His heavens and over His Throne, apart from His creation.”

The statements of the Imaams regarding this subject are many and cannot all be quoted in this small treatise. Whoever wants to come across many of these narrations should refer to what the scholars of the Sunnah wrote regarding this topic, such as the book “As-Sunnah” of Imaam ‘Abdullaah, son of Imaam Ahmad, the book “At-Tawheed” of the noble Imaam, Muhammad bin Khuzaimah, the book “As-Sunnah” of Abul-Qaasim Al-Laalikaa’ee At-Tabaree, the book “AsSunnah” of Abu Bakr Ibn Abee ‘Aasim, as well as the response that Shaikh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah wrote to the people of Hamaa (i.e. ‘Aqeedah Hamawiyyah), which is a tremendous response containing many benefits. In this treatise, he, may Allaah have mercy on him, explains the Creed of Ahlus-Sunnah and quotes many of their statements, as well as religious and intellectual evidences for the authenticity of what Ahlus-Sunnah believes and the falseness of what their opponents believe.

The same goes for his distinguished treatise “At-Tadmuriyyah”, for in it he goes into depth clarifying the Creed of Ahlus-Sunnah based on their textual and logical proofs, and refuting the opponents with arguments that manifest the truth and invalidate the falsehood for anyone amongst the people of knowledge who examines it with a pure intention and a genuine desire for learning the truth.

Anyone that opposes Ahlus-Sunnah in what they believe regarding the subject of Allaah’s Names and Attributes no doubt will fall into opposing the textual and logical evidences while having clear contradictions in everything that he affirms and negates.

But as for Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah, then they affirm for Allaah what He has affirmed for Himself (from Names and Attributes) in His noble Book or what His Messenger Muhammad has affirmed for Him in his authentic Sunnah without tamtheel (i.e. resembling them to someone else’s names and attributes). And they negate and remove Him from resembling His creation in any way, in such a manner that is free from ta’teel (i.e. denying the Names and Attributes). So they have been saved from contradictions, while acting upon all of the proofs.

This is the way of Allaah with regard to he who accepts the truth that the Messengers were sent with, expends all of his efforts in that, and sincerely asks Allaah to grant him the truth and make the correct view apparent to him, as He says:

“Nay, We fling the truth against falsehood, so it destroys it, and behold, it is vanished.” [Surah Al-Anbiyaa: 18]

And He says:

“And no example or similitude do they bring to you (in order to find fault in you or the Qur’aan), except that We reveal to you the truth (against that similitude) and the best explanation (thereof).” [Surah Al-Furqaan: 33]

In his famous Tafseer, while speaking about the statement of Allaah: “Indeed your Lord is Allaah, who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then rose over the Throne” [Surah Al-A’raaf: 54], Al-Haafidh Ibn Katheer, may Allaah have mercy on him, stated some excellent words on this subject, which we would like to quote here due to their great benefit:

He, may Allaah have mercy on him, said:

“People have many views with regard to this subject and this is not the place to go into that. But rather, with regard to this topic, (I say that) we traverse the way of the pious predecessors: Maalik, Al-Awzaa’ee, Ath-Thawree, Al-Layth bin Sa’ad, Ash-Shaafi’ee, Ahmad, Ishaaq bin Raahawayh, and other Muslim Imaams from the past and present…” – which is to leave them as they have been reported without describing their manner (takyeef), making resemblances to them (tashbeeh), and denying them completely (ta’teel).

And the thoughts that present themselves to the minds of those who give Allaah’s Attributes similitudes is negated from Allaah, for indeed nothing can resemble Allaah from His creation. There is nothing like Him in comparison and He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. Rather, the matter is as the Imaams have stated, amongst whom was Na’eem bin Hamaad Al-Khuzaa’ee, the teacher of Al-Bukhaaree, who said:

“Whoever likens Allaah to His creation has committed disbelief. And whoever denies what Allaah has described Himself with has committed disbelief. There is no tashbeeh (likening to the creation’s attributes) in what Allaah and His Messenger have described Him with. So whoever affirms for Allaah what has been stated in the clear verses and authentic reports, in the manner that befits Allaah’s majesty, while negating all deficiencies from Him, has embarked on the path of guidance.”

SECOND: FAITH IN THE ANGELS

This entails believing in them generally and specifically. Therefore, the Muslim must believe that Allaah has angels, which He created to obey Him. And He described them as being honorable servants who do not precede Him in speech and act on His Command.

“He knows what is before them and what is after them, and they cannot intercede except for him with whom He is pleased. And they stand in awe for fear of Him.” [Surah Al-Anbiyaa: 28]

They are of many types, amongst them are those who are entrusted to hold the Throne, and amongst them are those who guard Paradise and Hell. And amongst them are those who are entrusted to record the deeds of people.

Specifically, we must believe in those angels that Allaah and His Messenger have mentioned by name, such as Jibreel, Mikaa’eel, Maalik, the gatekeeper of Hell, and Israafeel, the angel in charge of blowing the Trumpet. He (Israafeel) has been mentioned in several authentic ahaadeeth. It is authentically reported in the Saheeh that ‘Aa’ishah (radyAllaahu ‘anhaa) narrated that the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “The angels were created from light, and the Jinn were created from a smokeless flame of fire. And Aadam was created from what has already been described to you.” [1] Reported by Muslim in his Saheeh.

THIRD: FAITH IN THE REVEALED BOOKS

We must believe generally that Allaah revealed books to His prophets and messengers in order to explain His right and to call to it, as Allaah states:

“Indeed, We have sent Our messengers with clear proofs, and revealed with them the Book and the Balance in order that mankind may establish justice.” [Surah Al-Hadeed: 25]

And He says:

“Mankind was once one nation (upon polytheism) so Allaah sent prophets bearing good news and warning, and with them He sent down the Book in truth to judge between people in matters wherein they differed.” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 213]

And we must believe, in specific and detailed terms, those books that Allaah has mentioned by name, such as the Torah (Tawraat), the Gospel (Injeel), the Psalms (Zaboor) and the Qur’aan. The noble Qur’aan is the best amongst them and the final revelation. And it is that which supercedes all of them and confirms them. And it is the Book that all of the (Muslim) nation is obligated to follow and to judge by, along with what is authentically reported in the Sunnah from Allaah’s Messenger. This is since Allaah sent His Messenger, Muhammad, as a messenger to everyone from the two species (i.e. Jinn and mankind), and He revealed this Book to him so that he could judge them by it. He also made it a cure for the hearts, a source of explanation for everything, and a guide and a mercy to the believers. This is as Allaah states:

“And this (Qur’aan) is a blessed Book, which We have revealed, so follow it and be dutiful (to Allaah) so that you can receive (His) mercy.” [Surah Al-An’aam: 155]

And He says:

“And We revealed to you (O Muhammad) the Book (i.e. the Qur’aan) as an explanation for everything, a guide and a mercy and glad tidings for the Muslims.” [Surah An-Nahl: 89]

And He says:

“Say (Muhammad): O mankind! Verily, I am the Messenger of Allaah sent to all of you (by) the One to whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth. No one has the right to be worshipped except Him. It is He who gives life and causes death. So believe in Allaah and His Messenger, the unlettered prophet (i.e. cannot read or write), who believes in Allaah and His revelations, and follow him so that you may be guided.” [Surah Al-A’raaf: 158]

The verses bearing this meaning are many.

FOURTH: FAITH IN THE MESSENGERS

One must believe in the messengers both in general and in detail. This means, he must believe that Allaah sent to His servants messengers from among them, bringing glad tidings (of Paradise) and warning (of the Hellfire) and calling them to the truth. So whoever answered their call, achieved success and whoever opposed them, failed and will regret.

The last and most virtuous of them is our prophet, Muhammad the son of ‘Abdullaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), as Allaah says:

“And We have indeed sent a messenger to every nation, (saying to them): ‘Worship Allaah and stay away from the false deities.’” [Surah An-Nahl: 36]

And Allaah says:

“Messengers as bearers of good news and warners – In order that mankind should have no excuse (i.e. proof) against Allaah after the (coming of) Messengers.” [Surah AnNisaa: 165]

And Allaah says:

“Muhammad is not the father of any of your men, but rather he is the Messenger of Allaah and the Seal (last) of the Prophets.” [Surah Al-Ahzaab: 40]

All the prophets whom Allaah named or for whom it is authentically reported that Allaah’s Messenger mentioned by name, we must believe in him according to the detailed and specific manner, such as Nooh (Noah), Hood, Saalih, Ibraaheem (Abraham) and so on, may Allaah bestow the best and purest of His peace and blessings on them and on our Prophet.

FIFTH: FAITH IN THE LAST DAY

As for having faith in the Last Day, then it entails believing in everything that Allaah and His Messenger have informed of concerning what will occur after death, such as the trial of the grave, and the punishment or pleasure that will occur in it. It also includes what will happen on the Day of Judgement such as grief and severities, the placing of the Bridge and the Balance, the accounting (of deeds) and their recompense, and the distribution of the records of deeds to the people. There will be those who will receive their book of deeds on their right hands and those who will receive their book of deeds on their left hands or from behind their backs.

It also entails believing in the Fountain, which will be given to our Prophet Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), and believing in Paradise and Hell, and (believing) that the believers will see their Lord and that He will talk to them, as well as whatever else has been mentioned in the noble Qur’aan and the authentic Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger.

So one is obligated to believe and have faith in all of this, in the manner in which Allaah and His Messenger have explained to us.

SIXTH: FAITH IN THE DIVINE PRE-DECREE

As for having faith in Allaah’s Divine Pre-Decree, then this entails believing in four things: First: That Allaah already knows what has occurred and what will occur. And He knows the conditions of His servants, and He knows their provisions, their life spans, their deeds and other affairs of their lives. Nothing of this remains hidden to Him, as He says:

“Verily Allaah is knowledgeable of everything.” [Surah Al-Mujaadilah: 7]

And He says:

“That you may know that Allaah has power over all things, and that Allaah encompasses everything with His Knowledge.” [Surah At-Talaaq: 12]

Second: That Allaah has recorded everything that He has pre-decreed and ordained to occur, as He says:

“We know that which the earth takes of them (i.e. their dead bodies), and with Us is a Book preserved.” [Surah Qaaf: 4]

And He says:

“And all things We have recorded in a Clear Book.” [Surah YaaSeen: 12]

And He says:

“Know you not that Allaah knows all that is in the heaven and on the earth? Verily, it is all in a Book (Preserved Tablet). Surely that is easy for Allaah.” [Surah Al-Hajj: 70]

Third: Believing that what He wills is put into effect and carried out. So whatever He wills comes to be and whatever He doesn’t will, will not come to pass. Allaah says:

“Verily, Allaah does what He wills.” [Surah Al-Hajj: 18]

And He says:

“Verily His Command is that when He desires something, He says to it: ‘Be’, and it is.” [Surah YaaSeen: 82]

And He says:

“And you cannot will unless it be that Allaah Wills, Lord of all that exists.” [Surah AtTakweer: 29]

Fourth: Believing that He created everything that exists, there being no Creator besides Him and no Lord other than Him, as He says:

“Allaah is the Creator of everything, and He is the Guardian of all affairs.” [Surah AzZumar: 62]

And He says:

“O mankind! Remember Allaah’s Favor upon you! Is there a creator besides Allaah that provides for you from the heaven and the earth? There is no deity that has the right to be worshipped except Him, so how can you turn away (from Him)?” [Surah Faatir: 3]

So having Faith in the Divine Pre-Decree entails believing in these four things, according to Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah, contrary to those amongst the innovators who reject some of the above.

What also falls under Faith in Allaah is: Believing that Faith (Eemaan) is speech and action, which increases with obedience (i.e. good deeds) and decreases with disobedience (i.e. sins), and that it is not permissible to declare anyone among the Muslims a disbeliever due to any sin, besides Shirk and disbelief, whether it be fornication, stealing, dealing in interest, drinking intoxicants, disobeying the parents or any of the other major sins, so long as one does not deem these sins to be permissible. This is based on Allaah’s statement:

“Verily, Allaah does not forgive that partners be ascribed to Him (Shirk), but He forgives what is less than that to whom He wills.” [Surah An-Nisaa: 116]

And it is also based on what has been authentically reported in the numerous ahaadeeth from the Prophet that: “Allaah will extract from the Hellfire whoever has in his heart an atom’s weight of Faith.”

Faith in Allaah also entails loving for the sake of Allaah and hating for the sake of Allaah, as well as making allegiance for the sake of Allaah and making enmity for the sake of Allaah. So the believer loves and befriends the believers, and he hates and has enmity towards the disbelievers.

At the head of the believers of this ummah are: the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). So Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah love and befriend them and believe that they are the best of people after the prophets, due to the Prophet’s statement:

“The best of generations is my generation, then those that come after them, then those that come after them.” [Its authenticity is agreed upon]

And they hold that the best among the Companions was Abu Bakr As-Siddeeq, then ‘Umar AlFaarooq, then ‘Uthmaan Dhun-Noorain, then ‘Alee Al-Murtadaa, may Allaah be pleased with all of them. And after them (in excellence) comes the remaining ten Companions who were given the glad tidings of Paradise, then the rest of the Companions, may Allaah be pleased with all of them.

And they refrain from whatever disputes occurred between the Companions, believing that they were Mujtahideen in that regard, therefore whoever amongst them was correct got two rewards whereas whoever was wrong got one reward. And they love the members of the household of Allaah’s Messenger who believed in him, thus showing allegiance to them. And they show allegiance to the wives of Allaah’s Messenger, the Mothers of the Believers, and are pleased with all of them.

And they free themselves from the way of the Rawaafid (Raafidees), who hate and revile the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger and who go to extremes with regard to the members of the Prophet’s Household, raising them above the status Allaah gave them. And likewise they free themselves from the way of the Nawaasib (Naasibees) who disparage the members of the Prophet’s Household with words and actions.

Everything that we mentioned in this brief treatise regarding the Correct Belief, that Allaah sent His Messenger Muhammad with, is the Creed of the Saved Sect, Ahlus-Sunnah walJamaa’ah, which the Prophet spoke about when he said: “There will not cease to be a group from my ummah victorious upon the truth. Those who break away from them will not be able to harm them, until the Order of Allaah comes.”

And he (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “The Jews split into seventy-one sects and the Christians split into seventy-two sects. And this ummah will split into seventy-three sects – all of them will be in the Hellfire except one.” So the Companions said: “Which one is it O Messenger of Allaah?” He (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Those who are upon the likes of that which I and my Companions are upon.” This refers to the Creed that one is obligated to abide by, remain steadfast upon, and be cautious of what opposes it.

As for those who deviate from this Creed and those who follow its opposite, then they are of several types: Amongst them are those who worship idols, statues, angels, awliyaa (pious worshippers), Jinn, trees, stones, etc. These people have not answered the call of the messengers. On the contrary they have opposed and rejected them, as Quraish and other Arab tribes did with our prophet Muhammad. They would ask their deities to grant their needs, cure their ill and defeat their enemies, and they would offer sacrifices and make vows to them.

So when Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) forbade them from this and ordered them to sincerely worship Allaah alone, they found this strange and rejected it, saying: “Has he made (all) the gods into one God? This is truly a strange thing!” [Surah Saad: 5]

So he did not stop from calling them to Allaah and warning them from Shirk, and from explaining to them the reality of what he was calling to, to the point that Allaah guided those among them whom He guided. Afterward, scores of people entered into the Religion of Allaah and so the religion of Allaah become triumphant over all the other religions after an extensive call and long Jihaad from Allaah’s Messenger, his Companions and those who followed them in goodness. Then the conditions changed and ignorance prevailed over a majority of the creation to the point that a large portion of them turned back to the Religion of the Days of Ignorance, by going to extremes with regard to the prophets and pious worshippers, by supplicating to them, seeking assistance from them and performing other forms of Shirk. And they didn’t know the meaning of Laa Ilaaha IlaaAllaah, the way the disbelieving Arabs (during the time of the Prophet) used to understand it, and we seek Allaah’s aid!

This Shirk has not stopped spreading amongst the people even to this time of ours due to the overwhelming magnitude of ignorance and the long distance of time that has passed since prophethood.

The argument that these contemporary people use as proof is the same argument that those in the past used, which is their saying:

“These (idols) are our intercessors before Allaah” [Surah Yoonus: 18] and

“We only worship them so that they can bring us closer to Allaah.” [Surah Az-Zumar: 3]

Allaah has invalidated this argument and clarified that whoever worships other than Him, whoever it may be, has ascribed partners to Him and disbelieved, as Allaah says:

“And they worship besides Allaah (false deities) that can neither harm them nor benefit them, and they say: ‘These (idols) are our intercessors before Allaah.’” [Surah Yoonus: 18]

So Allaah refuted them saying:

“Say: ‘Are you informing Allaah of something He doesn’t know in the heavens and the earth? Far removed and High above is He from the partners they ascribe to Him!’” [Surah Yoonus: 18]

So Allaah explains in these verses that worshipping others besides Him, such as prophets, pious worshippers or anyone else, is considered major Shirk, even if those who commit it may call it by another name. Allaah says:

“Those who take others as supporters besides Allaah say: ‘We only worship them so that they can bring us closer to Allaah.’” [Surah Az-Zumar: 3]

So Allaah refuted them by saying:

“Verily Allaah will judge between them concerning that which they differed on. Verily, Allaah does not guide he who is a liar, a disbeliever.” [Surah Az-Zumar: 3]

So He clarified by this that their worship of others besides Him, be it through supplication, fear, hope and so on is in fact disbelieving in Him. And He denied their statement that their gods would bring them closer to Him.

From the ideologies of disbelief that contradict the authentic Creed and oppose what the messengers came with is:

What the atheists of this era believe in, such as the followers of Marx, Lenin and others who call to atheism and disbelief, regardless of whether they call that socialism, communism, ba’athism or any other name, for indeed from the base principles of these atheists is the belief that there is no god and that life is only (based on) matter. And from their principles is to reject the Day of Final Return, Paradise, Hellfire, and to disbelieve in all of the religions. Whoever examines their books and studies what beliefs they were upon will come to know that with full certainty. No doubt this belief is in contradiction to all of the heavenly revealed religions and leads its followers to the worst of fates in this world and the Hereafter.

And from the beliefs that are in opposition to the truth is that which some of the Baatinees and Sufis believe in that some of those whom they call awliyaa (saints) share with Allaah in His administration, and that they manage the affairs of the world. They call them Aqtaab, Awtaad, Aghwaath and other names that they have devised for their (false) gods. This is from the vilest forms of Shirk committed with regard to Allaah’s Lordship, and it is worse than the Shirk (polytheism) that was performed during the Days of Ignorance of the Arabs. This is since the disbelievers among the (first) Arabs did not commit Shirk with regard to Allaah’s Lordship, but rather they would only ascribe partners to Allaah in His worship. And their Shirk would occur during times of ease only. But as for times of distress and dire need, they would worship

Allaah sincerely, as Allaah says:

“And when they embark on a ship, they invoke Allaah, making their Faith pure for Him alone. But when He brings them safely to land, behold, they give a share of their worship to others.” [Surah Al-‘Ankaboot: 65]

As for Allaah’s Lordship, they used to acknowledge that it belonged solely to Allaah alone, as He says:

“And if you were to ask them who created them, they would surely say ‘Allaah.’” [Surah Az-Zukhruf: 87]

And Allaah says:

“Say: ‘Who provides for you from the heaven and from the earth?’ Or ‘Who has power over hearing and sight?’ And ‘Who brings out the living from the dead and the dead from the living?’ And ‘Who administers all of the affairs?’ They would surely say: ‘Allaah.’ Say: ‘Will you not then fear and be dutiful to Him?’” [Surah Yoonus: 31] The verses bearing this same meaning are many.

As for the contemporary polytheists, they have surpassed the first polytheists in two things:

First: Some of them ascribe partners to Allaah in His Lordship

Second: They commit Shirk (polytheism) in times of comfort and in times of distress, as can be understood by the one who mixes with them, examines their conditions and looks at what they do at the gravesites of Al-Husayn, Al-Badawee and others in Egypt, and at the gravesite of Al-‘Eidroos in ‘Aden, Al-Haadee in Yemen, Ibn ‘Arabee in Syria, Shaikh ‘Abdul-Qaadir AlJilaanee in Iraq, and all the other gravesites that the common folk have gone to extremes about and to which they have transferred many of Allaah’s sole rights. How few are those who forbid them from this and explain to them the reality of Tawheed, which Allaah sent our prophet Muhammad and the messengers before him with. So verily to Allaah we belong and verily to Him we will return!

We ask Allaah to return them to what is correct and to place many callers of guidance amongst them and that He grant the Muslim leaders and scholars the ability to wage war against this Shirk (polytheism), verily He is the All-Hearer, the All-Encompassing. And from the beliefs that oppose the Correct Creed with regard to Allaah’s Names and Attributes are the beliefs of the innovators from the Jahmiyyah and the Mu’atazliah, as well as those who follow their way, which is that of negating Allaah’s Attributes, denying His Attributes of perfection, and describing Him with attributes of non-existence and inanimateness. Far removed is Allaah from their views!

What falls under this category are those who negate some of Allaah’s Attributes while affirming others, such as the Ash’arees, for indeed those Attributes that they do affirm necessitates the same thing that they are fleeing from with regard to the Attributes that they negate and whose evidences they misinterpret. So because of this, they have opposed the textual and logical proofs and fallen into clear contradiction. But as for Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah, they affirm all the Names and Attributes that Allaah has affirmed for Himself or that His Messenger Muhammad has affirmed for Him, in a perfect manner. And they make Him free from resembling His creation in any way, without resorting to complete denial (of His Attributes). So they act upon all of the textual evidences, not distorting them or rejecting them. Thus they saved themselves from the contradictions that others fell into, as we have explained previously. This is the path of salvation and prosperity in this world and in the Hereafter. And it is the Straight Path, which the predecessors and Imaams of this ummah treaded upon. And (know) that the last part of this (Muslim) nation will not be rectified except with that which rectified its first part, and that is: Following the Qur’aan and the Sunnah and abandoning what opposes them.

THE NULLIFIERS OF ISLAAM

Know O Muslim brother that Allaah has obligated all of His servants to enter the fold of Islaam, to hold tightly onto it and to beware of those things that oppose it. And He sent His Prophet, Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), to call the people to that, informing us that whoever follows him is guided, whereas whoever turns away from him is astray. In many ayaat (verses) of the Qur’aan, He has warned us about the things that cause one to apostate as well as all the rest of the types of Shirk (polytheism) and Kufr (disbelief).

The scholars, may Allaah have mercy on them, have mentioned in their chapters on the “Ruling of the Apostate”, that a Muslim may apostate from his Religion through various types of Nullifiers (of Faith), which cause his life and wealth to become permissible (for taking) and which causes him to leave from the fold of Islaam.

And from the most dangerous amongst them and those that occur most often are ten nullifiers [2] that we will mention to you in the following lines, in a summarized manner, so that you may beware of them and warn others about them, hoping that Allaah will protect and safeguard us from them. We will also mention a few short clarifications after them.

First: Shirk (associating partners) in the worship of Allaah.

Allaah says:

“Verily, Allaah does not forgive that partners be associated with Him in worship (Shirk), but He forgives what is less than that to whom He wills.” [Surah An-Nisaa: 116]

And He says:

“Verily, the one who mixes partners in worship with Allaah (Shirk), then Paradise has been made forbidden for him and his final abode will be the Hellfire. And the wrongdoers will not have any helpers (in Hell).” [Surah Al-Maa’idah: 72]

What falls into this is supplicating and invoking the deceased, seeking assistance from them, as well as making oaths to them and offering sacrificial animals to them.

Second: Whoever places intermediaries between himself and Allaah, asking them to intercede on his behalf, and relying on them, has committed disbelief according to the unanimous agreement of the scholars.

Third: Whoever does not hold the polytheists to be disbelievers, or has doubts about their disbelief or considers their ways and beliefs to be correct, has committed disbelief.

Fourth: Whoever believes that some guidance other than that of the Prophet’s (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) is more complete than his guidance and that someone else’s judgement is better than his judgement, such as those who prefer the judgement of the Tawaagheet (pl. of Taaghoot; false deities/religions) over his judgement, then he is a disbeliever.

Fifth: Whoever hates something that the Messenger came with, even though he may act on it, has disbelieved, based on Allaah’s saying:

“That is because they disliked what Allaah sent down, so He nullified their (good) deeds.” [Surah Muhammad: 9]

Sixth: Whoever mocks or ridicules any part of the Messenger’s Religion or its rewards or punishments has committed an act of disbelief. The proof for this is Allaah’s statement: “Say: ‘Was it Allaah and His verses and His Messenger that you were mocking? Make no excuses, you have disbelieved after having had faith.” [Surah At-Tawbah: 65-66]

Seventh: Sorcery, which includes magic spells that causes a person to hate (sarf)[3] or love (‘atf)[4] someone/something. So whoever performs it or is pleased with it being done, has committed disbelief. The proof for this is Allaah’s statement:

“And neither of these two (angels) would teach anyone until they had first said to them: ‘We are only a trial (for the people), so do not commit disbelief.’” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 102]

Eighth: Supporting and assisting the polytheists against the Muslims. The proof for this is Allaah’s statement:

“And whoever amongst you takes them (i.e. the disbelievers) as allies and protectors then he is indeed from among them. Verily, Allaah does not guide a wrong-doing [5] people.” [Surah Al-Maa’idah: 51]

Ninth: Whoever believes that it is permitted for some people to be free of (implementing) the Sharee’ah (revealed laws) of Muhammad (i.e. Islaam), then he is a disbeliever, according to Allaah’s statement:

“And whoever seeks a Religion other than Islaam, it will never be accepted from him and in the Hereafter, he will be from among the losers.” [Surah Aali ‘Imraan: 85]

Tenth: Turning away from Allaah’s Religion, not learning it or implementing it (is an act of disbelief). The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“And who does more wrong6 than he who is reminded7 of the ayaat (signs/verses) of his Lord, then turns away [8] from them. Verily, We shall extract retribution [9] from the criminals.” [Surah As-Sajdah: 22]

There is no difference, with regard to (committing any of) these nullifiers, between the one who jokes, the one who is serious or the one who does so out of fear. However, the one who commits them due to being coerced (is excused). All of these (ten) matters are from the gravest in danger and from those that most often occur. So the Muslim must beware of them and fear from these acts befalling him.

What falls into the Fourth Nullifier are those who believe that the man-made laws and constitutions that the people have legislated are better than the Sharee’ah (laws) of Islaam. Or those who believe that it is not correct to implement the Laws of Islaam in the twentieth century.

Or that this is a cause for the backwardness of the Muslims.

Or that it is limited to only playing a part in the relationship between the servant and his Lord and that it should not interfere in the other affairs of life.

What also falls under this fourth category are those who hold that carrying out Allaah laws, such as cutting off the hand of a thief or stoning a guilty adulterer is not befitting for this modern era.

What also falls under this category are those who believe that it is permissible to rule by other than the Laws of Allaah (Sharee’ah) in matters of interactions, penal laws and so on, even if he doesn’t believe that it is better than ruling by the Sharee’ah. This is since by doing this, he will be making lawful that which Allaah has made forbidden, according to the unanimous consensus (Ijmaa’).

Anyone that makes lawful that which Allaah has prohibited from the matters that one is required to know by necessity, such as fornication, alcohol, interest and ruling by other than Allaah’s Laws, then he is a disbeliever according to the Ijmaa’ (unanimous consensus) of the Muslims.

We seek refuge in Allaah from those things that bring about His Anger and painful Punishment. May the peace and blessings be on the best of His creatures, Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam).

Footnotes:

[1] Translator’s Note: This means: What has been described to us already in the Qur’aan, as Allaah says: “He created man (Aadam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery.” [Surah Ar-Rahmaan (55): 14]

[2] As mentioned by the Shaikh and Imaam, Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab, and other scholars, may Allaah have mercy on all of them.

[3] Sarf: A Magic act done in order to turn a person away from what he desires, such as turning a man away from loving his wife to loving another.

[4] ‘Atf: A Magic act done in order to turn a person towards something that he does not desire, using satanic methods (to achieve it).

[5] Dhaalimoon (wrong-doing people) here means the disbelievers.:

[6] Meaning: “There is no one that does more wrong…”

[7] Tadh-keer (Reminder) means: “Admonishing and drawing one’s attention to something that must be called to mind.”

[8] I’raad (turning away) means: “Refraining from and turning one’s back on.”

[9] Intiqaam (revenge/seeking retribution) means: “Responding with severity against something that had been done prior.”

Belief In The Books (Scriptures) – Shaykh Uthaymeen – Dr Saleh as-Saleh

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Belief In The Books (Scripures)

From the Book Explaining the Fundamentals of faith – by  Shaykh Muhammad Saleh Al Uthaymeen, Translated by Dr. Saleh as Saleh.

Belief In Al-Qadar – Shaykh Uthaymeen – Dr. Saleh as Saleh

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Belief In Al-Qadr

From the Book Explaining the Fundamentals of faith – by  Shaykh Muhammad Saleh Al Uthaymeen, Translated by Dr. Saleh as Saleh.