Treatment for Psychological Depressions and Disorders – Permanent Committee

 Fatwa no. 3828

Q: I am a Muslim woman in my twenties. I was married about a year and a half ago and thanks to Allah, I had a baby six months ago delivered naturally. A week after delivery, I began to suffer from severe depression, which had never happened to me before. I lost interest in everything, even taking care of the baby. I went to a psychiatrist and took medication until recently, but it was of no use and I became tired of long treatment. 

I ask Allah that you find an Islamically approved treatment for my distress and psychological depression, or the best remedy, so that I can return to my normal state and take care of my husband and baby, and be able to manage the affairs of my home. I heard sometime ago the Hadith, which states: The water of Zamzam is for whatever it is drunk for. I hope from Allah, then you, to clarify the meaning of this Hadith. Does it apply to my psychological case, or is it only for physical diseases? If Zamzam water is useful, by the Will of Allah, in treating my case, how can I get it? 

A: Put your trust in Allah and expect good from Him. Entrust your affairs to Him and do not despair of His Mercy and Benevolence.

There is no disease for which Allah has not also sent down the cure. You should make use of means and continue to consult specialized doctors.

Recite Surahs Al-Ikhlas, Al-Falaq and Al-Nas three times, blowing into your hands after each recitation and wiping your face and whatever parts of your body you can. Repeat this procedure day and night and before going to sleep.Recite Surah Al-Fatihah anytime of day or night, and Ayat-ul-Kursy (the Qur’anic Verse of the Throne, Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:255) before going to sleep. This is the best Ruqyah (Qur’an and supplications recited over the sick seeking healing) to protect oneself from evil.

You should also appeal to Allah with the Du‘a’ (Supplication) to be said at times of distress:

لَا إلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ الْعَظيمُ الْحَلِيمْ، لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللهُ رَبُّ العَرْشِ العَظِيمِ، لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا الله رَبُّ السَّمَوّاتِ ورّبُّ الأَرْضِ ورَبُّ العَرْشِ الكَريم

La ilaha illa Allah al-`azim al-halim, la ilaha illa Allah rabbul-`arshi al-`azim, la ilaha illa Allah, rabbul-samawaati wa rabbul-ardi wa rabbul-`arshi al-karim [1]

(There is no god but Allah, the Most Great and the All-Forbearing. There is no god but Allah, the Lord of the Great Throne. There is no god but Allah, the Lord of the heavens and the earth and the Lord of the Noble Throne).

You may also heal and protect yourself through the Ruqyah of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him):

“Remove the affliction, O Lord of mankind, and bring about healing as You are the Healer. There is no healing but Your Healing; a healing that leaves behind no ailment” [2]

There are also many other Adhkar (invocations and remembrances said at certain times on a regular basis), Ruqyahs, and supplications stated in the Books of Hadith and Al-Nawawy mentioned them in his book Riyad Al-Salihin and Al-Adhkar.

As for what you mentioned about Zamzam water and the statement of the Prophet (peace be upon him): Zamzam water is for whatever it is drunk for. [3] This Hadith was related by Imam Ahmadand Ibn Majah on the authority of Jabir ibn `Abdullah from the Prophet (peace be upon him). It is a Hadith Hasan (a Hadith whose chain of narration contains a narrator with an exactitude weaker than that of authentic hadiths, but it is still free from eccentricity or blemish) and general in application. What is more authentic than it is the statement of the Prophet (peace be upon him) about Zamzam water: It is blessed; it is a food that nourishes and a cure for sickness. [4] (Related by Muslim and Abu Dawud; this is the wording of Abu Dawud) If you would like some Zamzam water, you can ask anyone performing Hajj from your country to bring you some.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

[1] Imam Ahmad, vol. 1, pp. 228, 259, 280, 284, 339, and 356, from the Hadith narrated by Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him); related by Al-Bukhari, Fat-h-ul-Bary, nos. 6345, 6346, 7421, and 7431; Muslim, Sahih [Sharh Al-Nawawy], vol. 17, p. 47.

[2] Al-Bukhari, Sahih, Book on medicine, no. 5742; Al-Tirmidhy, Sunan, Book on funerals, no. 973; Abu Dawud, Sunan, Book on medicine, no. 3890; and Ahmad, Musnad, vol. 3, p. 151

[3] Related by Ahmad, vol. 3, p. 357; Ibn Majah no. 3062; Al-Bayhaqy, Sunan, vol. 5, p. 148, from a Hadith narrated by Jabir ibn `Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him), and Al-Bayhaqy related from another narrator in Shu`ab Al-Iman, Talkhis Al-Habeir, vol. 2, p. 268, Al-Fawa*id by Ibn Al-Muqry, Fat-h-ul-Bary, vol. 10, p. 116; and Ibn Al-Qayyim ranked it as Hasan in Zad Al-Mi`ad, vol. 3, p. 406 – Al-Fiqi ed

[4] Related by Al-Tayalisy, Musnad, as in Al-Talkhis Al-Habeir, vol. 2, p. 269; with the wording: “Zamzam is blessed, as it is…,” Muslim, Sahih [Sharh Al-Nawawy], vol. 16, p. 30; Ahmad, Musnad, vol. 5, p. 175, with the wording: “It is blessed, it is food that nourishes,” from the Hadith narrated by Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him); and Al-Tabarany, Al-Saghir, no. 295.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Chairman : Shaykh Abdul-Aziz ibn Abdullah ibn Baz

http://www.alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=150&PageNo=1&BookID=7

Woman cutting some of her hair – Shaykh al Albaani

[42] Question: What is the ruling concerning a woman cutting some of her hair?

Answer: With regard to a woman cutting her hair, then one must look into the motive behind her doing it. So if a woman cuts her hair in imitation of the disbelieving or sinful women, then it is not permissible for her to cut it while having this intention. As for cutting only a small portion from her hair or cutting it in accordance to the desires of her husband, then I do not see anything preventing this from being done.

It is reported in Saheeh Muslim (no. 320) that:

“The Prophet’s wives used to cut their hair to the point that it would reach the earlobes.”

[Al-Asaalah, Issue #1]

Source: from the e-Book : Fataawaa of Shaikh Al-Albaanee
Translated and Arranged by: Isma’eel Alarcon

Ruling on Men offering Salah (Prayer) without a Turban or a Cap – Ibn Baaz & Permanent Commitee

Ruling on offering Salah without a turban

Q: Is it permissible to offer Salah (Prayer) without a turban? Is it permissible for the Imam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) to pray without a head cover? Is wearing a cap sufficient? Please support your answer with evidences. May Allah protect you. As-salamu `alaykum warahmatullah wabarakatuh (May Allah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you). 

A: There is nothing wrong with offering Salah without a turban because the head [with regard to men] is not included in `Awrah (parts of the body that must be covered in public), and it is not obligatory to cover it when offering Salah, whether the person praying is an Imam, a Munfarid (person offering Prayer individually), or a Ma’mum (person being led by an Imam in Prayer).

However, if wearing a turban is customary then it is best to do it, especially when offering Salah with others. Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) states: O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes), while praying [and going round (the Tawâf of) the Ka‘bah,] The turban is considered a type of adornment.

It is well known that men who are Muhrims (pilgrims in the ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah) offer Salah bareheaded, because they are not allowed to cover their heads while in Ihram (ritual state for Hajj and `Umrah). Hence it is known that there is nothing wrong with offering Salah bareheaded. 

May Allah guide all to acquire beneficial knowledge and act upon it! He is the All-Hearer and All-Respondent.

As-salamu `alaykum warahmatullah wabarakatuh

Ibn Baaz Fatwas – http://www.alifta.net

Q 10: Some people wear a turban, some wear a Qulunsuwah (cap), and many offer Salah (Prayer) with bare heads, I mean men. Which manner is the best in reward? We appreciate your advice, may Allah reward you with the best. 

A: It is desirable for a Muslim to wear his full garment when going to Prayer, the head cover included; because Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) enjoined His servants to adorn themselves when going to Salah. Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: O Children of Adam! Take your adornment (by wearing your clean clothes), while praying [and going round (the Tawâf of) the Ka‘bah,]

Besides, it has not been reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he offered Salah without a head cover. In fact, he used to always wear a turban, and the practice of Muhammad (peace be upon him) is the best guidance.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Chairman – Shaykh Abdul-Aziz ibn Abdullah Al Al-Shaykh

Source: http://www.alifta.net

Some Etiquettes Of Jumuah – Having A Proper Wudoo And Being Silent – Abu Uwais Abdullah Alee [Audio|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 19:18)

The Jumu’ah (Friday) Prayer – Abu Muhammad Al-Maghribi [Audio|En]

Explantion of Umbatul Ahkam

Part 01: Listen/Download Mp3 Here (Time 55:08)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/the-jumah-prayer-part-01-abu-muhammad-al-maghribi.mp3]

Part 02: Listen/Download Mp3 Here (Time 51:12)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/the-jumah-prayer-part-02-abu-muhammad-al-maghribi.mp3]

Praying During The Friday Sermon (Khutbah) – Shaykh bin Baz

[Q]: There was a discussion that took place between some brothers and myself regarding praying two rak’ahs upon entering the mosque and the Imaam is delivering the Friday khutbah (sermon). I ask you – O noble Shaykh – to give us a ruling concerning this. Is it allowed or not? The brothers who generally come and pray in the mosque are upon the madhhab of Imaam Maalik.

[A]: “The Sunnah upon entering the masjid (mosque) is to pray two rak’ahs of tahyatul masjid (a Prayer far greeting the mosque), even if the Imaam is delivering the Friday khutbah, due to the sayings of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam:

“When anyone of you enters the masjid, then let him not sit until he prays two rak’ahs.” Recorded by al-Bukhaaree (1/293) and Muslim (2/155).

Likewise Muslim relates in his Saheeh (3/1415), from Jaabir radiallaahu ‘anhu, that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:

“When any of you comes on the day of Jumu’ah (Friday), and the Imaam is delivering the khutbah, then let him pray two rak’ahs and let him make them short.”

So this is a clear and authentic text concerning this issue. It is not permissible for anyone to oppose it. So perhaps this particular narration did not reach Imaam Maalik rahimahullaah, if it is established from him that he prohibited the praying of these two rak’ahs at the time of the khutbah. However, when the authentic Sunnah becomes clear, then it is not permissible to oppose it with the saying of anyone else – whosoever he may be. [9]

About this Allaah – the Mighty and Majestic – said:

“O you who Believe! Obey Allaah and obey the Messenger and those in authority amongst you. And if you differ in anything amongst yourselves then refer it to Allaah and His Messenger if you do believe in Allaah and the Last Day. That is better and most suitable for final determination.” [Soorah an-Nisaa 4:59].

And He – the Most Perfect – said:

“And in whatever you differ, then the judgement belongs to Allaah,” [Soorah ash-Shooraa 42:10].

And it is known that the judgement of Allaah’s Messenger sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is from the judgement of Allaah – the Mighty and Majestic – as Allaah said:

“Whosoever obeys the Messenger, has indeed obeyed Allaah.”[Soorah an-Nisaa 4:80].

And with Allaah rests the power and ability.”

[Al-Fataawaa (1/53)]

Footnotes

[9] Imaam an-Nawawee – rahimahullaah – said about the hadeeth in Sharh Saheeh Muslim (6/ 164): “I cannot imagine any Scholar who comes to knows about it and believes in the correctness of it, and would then oppose it.”

Al-Istiqaamah Issue No.7 – Rabî’ ul-Awwal 1418H / July 1997

Women Praying in the Basement or Upper Levels of Masjid – Shaykh al Albaani

[37] Question: There are some masjids in which the women pray below the actual masjid, such as in the basement or in an upper level (above the masjid). We are women who pray in these masjids, at times following the Imaam from a point where we are not able to see him nor the male followers. And sometimes there is a large empty space left over in the area of prayer for the men. Is our prayer valid if we cannot see the Imaam or any of the (male) followers, and while knowing that sometimes we enter the masjid and don’t know what rak’ah he is in. Is it allowed in this situation to follow (the Imaam) by (hearing) the raised voice only? And is it correct for us to follow the Imaam while we are on an upper or lower level knowing that at times there is ample room in the masjid (floor)?

Answer: The answer is in two parts.

The first is that the prayer and the mentioned scenario is valid so long as the women pray in the masjid, regardless of whether it is in the upper or lower level. And it is so long as they are able to hear the takbeers from the Imaam indicating the change in position, such as from standing to bowing to prostrating.

The second part is that it is not proper for the women to pray like this unless the area for the men is filled with people and they (the women) cannot find a place behind the rows for them to pray in. In these circumstances, it is permissible for the women to pray in the upper or lower level of the masjid. But if this masjid, where the Imaam and the men behind him pray, has ample room left over, then it is not allowed for the women to go up to the upper level or down to the lower level where they won’t be able to see the movements of the Imaam or the movements of the men praying behind him.

The reason for this goes back to two matters:

1. When the Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, said: “The best rows for the men are their first ones and their worst (rows) are their last ones. And the best rows for women are their last ones and the worst (rows) are their first ones“, he meant by it the same ground that the Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, and his Companions behind him used to pray on. The women were not in upper or lower levels.

2. The underlying reason for this is that the speakers at times can be low and at other times they are not working. So the prayer of the women who are following him from an upper or lower level, from which they cannot see the prayer of the Imaam or those behind him, is subject to becoming invalid.

To summarize this answer:

The prayer that is performed while on an upper or lower level is valid. However, it is not permissible to designate those places for prayer when there is enough room in the prayer place (musalla), such that the women are able to pray in the back of it.

[Al-Asaalah, Issue #19]

Source : Fataawaa of Shaikh Al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) – From Al-Asaalah Magazine Issues 1-21 – Translated and Arranged by: Isma’eel Alarcon

Does wiping over ones khimaar and turban replace wiping over the ears ? – Shaykh al Albaani

[33] Question:

Does wiping over ones khimaar and turban replace wiping over the ears, due to their both being part of the head? [24]

Answer:

My opinion, and Allaah knows best, is that at times it does replace it and at other times it doesn’t. As for the condition in which it does replace wiping (the ears) then it is the state when the turban or the khimaar covers the entire head, including the ears. Thus, in this condition, the hadeeth would apply in that they (ears) are both part of the head literally.

As for the other condition in which it is not sufficient to just wipe over the turban or the khimaar, then it is when the turban or the khimaar does not cover the ears. This means that the turban is wide or aloof from the ears. Under these circumstances I hold that the authentic hadeeth about wiping the head itself. This is such that three ways of wiping the head have been established on the Prophet, sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam:

The first way: This is the most common and normal of his ways and it was that he would wipe all of his head directly.

The second way: If the turban or the khimaar covered the head, then it was sufficient to just wipe over the turban or the khimaar, exactly like the head.

The third and final way: And this is the area that requires evidence and needs speculation. And it is when the turban would cover the last part of the head, yet expose the front of it (forehead). In this condition, the Prophet sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam would wipe over his head directly and then grasp his turban.

[24] Translator’s Note: The Prophet said: “The ears are part of the head.” [Reported by At-Tirmidhee (37), Abu Dawood (134) and Ibn Maajah (444) and declared saheeh by Shaikh Al-Albaanee in As-Saheehah (1/36)] So we are obligated to wash them when taking wudoo and ghusl even though the ayah concerning wudoo doesn’t mention the ears but only the head. This question is based on this principle in that if we are permitted to wipe over certain garments in replacement of the head, are the ears included in the same manner?

[Al-Asaalah, Issue #8]

Source : Fataawaa of Shaikh Al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) – From Al-Asaalah Magazine Issues 1-21
Translated and Arranged by: Isma’eel Alarcon

Sufi claim of worship through love alone – Permanent Committee

Q: What is the ruling on some people who say: “O Allah, I worship You out of my love for You. If I worship You fearing Your Hell, let me enter it and if I worship You seeking to enter Your Paradise, let me enter Your Hell”? 

A: Worshiping Allah just by loving Him is the Manhaj (methodology) of misguided Sufis, which is of their own invention.

Loving Allah is the highest degree of Ibadah (worship), but not the sole act of Ibadah.

The Manhaj of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) is to worship Allah through love, fear, hope and other expressive forms of `Ibadah.

Allah (Exalted be He) says:

Invoke your Lord withhumility and in secret.” [Surah Al-A`raf, 7: 55]

Allah says about His Prophets:

“Verily, they used to hasten on to do good deeds, and they used to call on Us with hope and fear, and used to humble themselves before Us.” [Surah Al-Anbiya’, 21: 90]

Allah also says about the angels:

“And they stand in awe for fear of Him.” [Surah Al-Anbiya’, 21: 28]

And:

“They fear their Lord above them, and they do what they are commanded.” [Surah Al-Nahl, 16: 50]

There are many Ayahs (Qur’anic verses) elaborating on this meaning.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions.

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Chairman : Abdul-Aziz ibn Abdullah ibn Baz

Fatwas of the Permanent Committee – Group 2 – Part 2 – Page 73

http://www.alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=18&PageNo=1&BookID=24

Tayammum – Umdatul Ahkaam – Dr Saleh-As-Saleh [Audio|En]

Umdatul Ahkaam – Purification – 36 – Chapter on Tayammum – Saleh-As-Saleh
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/umdatul-ahkaam-purification-36-chapter-on-tayammum-saleh-as-saleh.mp3]

Umdatul Ahkaam – Purification – 37 – Doing Tayammum to Lift Janaba – Saleh-As-Saleh
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/umdatul-ahkaam-purification-37-doing-tayammum-to-lift-janaba-saleh-as-saleh.mp3]

Knowing about Deviants is a PART of Seeking Knowledge – Shaykh Muhammad bin Hadi [Video|Ar-En Subtitles]

The obligation of invoking peace and blessings on the Prophet in a complete form and avoid using abbreviations like (PBUH), (SAW) etc

 بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم 

The following are the excerpts from Fatwas of Ibn Baz – read the full article at http://www.alifta.net

This was published in the magazine of the Islamic University in Madinah, the fourth edition, the sixth year, Rabi` Al-Thany, 1394 A.H., pp. 175-182.

All Praise is due to Allah. May peace be upon the Last Prophet, his family, and his Companions.

Imam Muslim related in his Sahih (Book of sound Hadiths) from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“If anyone invokes blessings on me once, Allah will bless him ten times” [1]

It is also narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said:

“Do not make your houses graves and do not make my grave a place of celebration but invoke blessings on me, for your blessings reach me wherever you may be” [2]

He (May peace and blessings be upon him) also said:

“May his nose soil with dust in whose presence mention is made of me and he does not supplicate for me” [3]

Since invoking peace and blessings on the Prophet (peace be upon him) is permissible in Salah during Tashahhud (a recitation in the sitting position in the second/last unit of Prayer) and permissible in Khutbah (sermon), invocations, seeking forgiveness, after Adhan (Call to Prayer), upon entering, and leaving the Masjid (mosque), when uttering his name and in other positions.

It is confirmed to write the form of invoking peace and blessings when writing His name in a book, a message, or an article, because of the proofs mentioned above. It is permissible to write the full form in order to apply what Allah has commanded and the reader would remember it when passing by it.

You should not reduce it to the acronym e.g. (P) that stands for peace or (PBUH) that stands for (peace be upon him) or the like abbreviations that may be used by some writers.Such an act is against the ordinance of Allah (May He be Praised and Glorified) which are mentioned in His Book by His saying: Send your Salât on (ask Allâh to bless) him (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), and (you should) greet (salute) him with the Islâmic way of greeting (salutation i.e. As-Salâmu ‘Alaikum).[Surah Al­Ahzab, 33: 56] It does not have the same privilege of writing (peace be upon him) in full form. The reader may not watch out or may not understand the meaning, bearing in mind that referring to it is disapproved by the religious scholars who even warned against it.

Ibn Al-Salah said in his book: “`Ulum al-Hadith” i.e. The sciences of Hadith, known as “Muqadimat Ibn Al-Salah” in the twenty fifth type of his book: (Al-Hadith wa Kayfiyat Dabt-ul-kitab wa Taqyiduh). He said that which means:

Ninth: A person must keep writing the form of sending Salat and taslim i.e. “peace and blessing be upon the Messenger of Allah” in full form upon mentioning him. A person must not be weary of repeating it, because it is one of the greatest benefits which the Hadith students and writers may overlook. Whoever disregards this, he will be deprived of a great reward. We have seen good visions for the people who write the form in full, because it is a form that a person writes as a Du`a’ (supplication), not a part of the narration to make it dependent on the source of narration.

Similarly, the same is true with regard to praising Allah (Glorified be He) upon mentioning His Name such as (Glorified and Exalted be He), (Blessed and Exalted be He), and the like… (Until he says): then a person should avoid two shortcomings:

  1. First: Writing it in incomplete form by two letters or the like.
  2. Second: Writing it in short form by meaning such as (wa sallam i.e. blessings).

It is narrated from Hamzah Al-Kinany (may Allah be merciful to him) that he used to say:

I used to record the Hadith and I used to write down upon mentioning the name of the Prophet (salla-Allah-u-`alaihi i.e. May Allah’s peace be upon him) without writing (wa sallam). Thereupon, I saw the Prophet (peace be upon him) in a vision saying to me: Why do you not complete the form of invoking peace and blessingson me? He continued: Ever since, I did not write it in short form like this (salla-Allah-u-`alaihi) but in this form (salla-Allah-u-`alaihi-wa-sallam i.e. May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him). Ibn Al-Salah added: I said: it is also reprehensible to write (`alaihi-s-salam i.e. peace upon him) and Allah knows best.

End of quote.

His authority, the encyclopedic scholar Al-Sakhawy (May Allah be merciful with him) said in his book (Fath-ul-Mughith Sharh Alfiyat Al-Hadith by Al-`Iraqy) :

O writer, avoid (referring to it) i.e. peace and blessings upon the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) by writing only two letters or the like as done by Al-Kattany and the ignorant of the non-Arabs and ignorant students. They write instead of (May Allah’s peace and blessings be upon him), (p) or (pb) or (pbuh) and that entails decrease in reward, because it is unlike the proper manner.

Al-Suyuty (May Allah be merciful with him) said in his book (Tadrib Al-Rawy Fi Sharh Taqrib Al-Nawawy):

It is reprehensible to write the short form of peace and blessings here and in every position where invoking peace and blessings is required as mentioned in the commentary of Sahih Muslim and others because of Allah’s saying: Send your Salât on (ask Allâh to bless) him (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), and (you should) greet (salute) him with the Islâmic way of greeting (salutation i.e. As-Salâmu ‘Alaikum).[Surah Al­Ahzab, 33: 56] Until he says: It is reprehensible to refer to it with one or two letters as those people who write (pbuh), he must write it in full form.

End of quote, adapted.

My advice for every Muslim; reader or writer, is to seek for the best reward and stay away from what may invalidate or reduce it.

We ask Allah to grant us success to that which pleases Him, for He is the Most Generous. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

References :

[1] Muslim, Sahih, Book on Salah, no. 408; Al-Tirmidhy, Sunan, Book on Salah, no. 485; Al-Nasa’y, Sunan, Book on Sujud-ul-Sahw, no. 1296; Abu Dawud, Sunan, Book on Salah, no. 1530; and Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 2, p. 372.

[2] Related by Abu Dawud, Book on rituals, Chapter on visiting graveyards; and Ahmad, vol. 2, p. 316.

[3] Related by Al-Tirmidhy, Book on supplications, ranked as Hasan Gharib.

http://www.alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=139&PageNo=1&BookID=14

If Allah wills to do good to a person, He makes them comprehend Deen ‘religion’ – Shaykh Ibn Baaz

The following are the excerpts from  A speech delivered by His Eminence at Al-Jami` Al-Kabir in Riyadh on 27/4/1400 A.H., published in His Eminence’s book “Collection of Miscellaneous Fatwas and Articles”, vol. 9, pp. 128-141.

Read the full speech  at http://www.alifta.net

It is also authentically reported that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “If Allah wills to do good to a person, He makes them comprehend Din ‘religion’.” (Agreed upon by Imams Al-Bukhari and Muslim).

This important Hadith shows us the excellence of comprehending Din.

Comprehending religion includes understanding the Qur’an, the Sunnah, and Islam. Islam covers the basics of Shari`ah, Allah’s Ordainment’s, His Prohibitions, a servant’s duty towards Allah and other servants and Allah’s fear, glorification, and watchfulness. In fact, the first step towards attaining knowledge is fearing Allah (Exalted be He), honoring His Sanctities, and watching Him in all deeds.

Whoever does not fear or be aware of Allah (Exalted be He) in their deeds, all their knowledge will be worthless. However, true beneficial knowledge and understanding of Din that leads to happiness is that which instills Allah’s Awe in a Muslim’s heart, directs them to honor Allah’s Sanctities, pushes them to obey Allah’s Orders and abstain from His Prohibitions, and urges them to call to Allah (Exalted be He) and to clarify Shari`ah to people. So, anyone who is granted comprehension in religion in this way, Allah (Exalted be He) has indeed wanted to do them good.

On the other hand, anyone deprived of these blessings will be among the ignorant, misguided and negligent who renounce attaining the knowledge that Allah (Exalted be He) has made obligatory. They will be among those whom Allah (Exalted be He) has not wanted to do good to them. Further, Allah (Exalted be He) talks about Kafirs (disbelievers) who turn away from the purpose of their creation, to teach us that it is our duty, as Muslims, to haste to comprehend religion and ask about any unclear matter.

Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says:

“But those who disbelieve turn away from that whereof they are warned.” [Surah Al-Ahqaf, 46: 3]

Allah (Glorified be He) also says:

“And who does more wrong than he who is reminded of the Ayât (proofs, evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of his Lord, but turns away from them, forgetting what (deeds) his hands have sent forth.”  [Surah Al-Kahf, 18: 57]

Consequently, it is the duty of a Muslim to seek for attaining knowledge in religion, to attend to, reflect on, and benefit from the Qur’an and pay great attention to, study, apply, and memorize the Sunnah as much as possible. When a person neglects these two basics, it is an indication that Allah (Exalted be He) did not will good for him. They are doomed since their heart is corrupt and deviating from the path to guidance. We ask Allah to protect and keep us away from whatever displeases Him!

Dear Muslims, it is incumbent upon us to learn our religion and know its rulings and to attend to, meditate, reflect on, recite, and apply the Qur’an. In addition, we should give great care to, memorize, apply and study the Sunnah along with asking about ambiguous matters. Muslims should ask those who have more knowledge to find out the correct answer.

Allah (Glorified be He) says: “So ask the people of the Scripture, if you do not know.” [Surah Al-Nahl, 16: 43]

Moreover, a Muslim can attend knowledge lessons and benefit from them and study with other knowledgeable Muslims to benefit from them and add to himself. In this way, a Muslim can attain comprehension of religion and avoid the characteristics of the negligent and heedless.

The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “If Allah wills to do good to a person, He makes him comprehend the Din.” [1]

[1] Al-Bukhari, Sahih, Book on knowledge, no. 71; Muslim, Sahih, Book on rulership, no. 1037; Ibn Majah, Sunan, Introduction, no. 221; Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 4, p. 93; Malik, Al-Muwatta*, Book on miscellaneous matters, no. 1667; and Al-Darimy, Sunan, Introduction, no. 226.’

Source :  http://www.alifta.net

Holding birthday parties for children – Permanent Committee

Q: Some of our Muslim brethren hold birthday parties for themselves and their children, what is the ruling on such festivals? 

A: The basic principle regarding acts of Ibadah (worship) is that they are Tawqifiy (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion), and as such, no one is allowed to worship Allah in a way other than which He ordained, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said in the Sahih (authentic) Hadith:

Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (Islam) that is not part of it will have it rejected. [1]

He (peace be upon him) also said:

Anyone who does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islam) will have it rejected. [2]

Birthday parties are an act of Bid’ah (innovation in religion) that should not be done for any person, regardless of their rank or role in life.

The most honorable of all creation and the best of all Messengers (peace be upon them), i.e. Muhammad ibn ‘Abdullah (peace be upon him) was never reported to have held a festival for the day he was born, or even instructed his Ummah (nation based on one creed) to celebrate it.

Similarly, the best of this Ummah after its Prophet (peace be upon him) are the Rightly-Guided Caliphs and the Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet), but none of them is reported to have made a festival for the Prophet’s birthday, or for any of them (may Allah be pleased with them), and all goodness is to be found in following their pathand patterning oneself after the teachings of the Prophet (peace be upon him).

Moreover, such Bid`ah pave the way to imitate the Jews, Christians and other Kafirs (non-Muslims) in terms of their newly invented festivals. Allah is the One sought for help!

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

[1] Al-Bukhari, Sahih, Book on reconciliation, no. 2697; Muslim, Sahih, Book on judicial decisions, no. 1718; Abu Dawud, Sunan, Book on Al-Sunnah, no. 4606; Ibn Majah, Sunan, Introduction, no. 14; and Ahmad, Musnad, vol. 6, p. 240.

[2] Muslim, Sahih, Book on judicial decisions, no. 1718; and Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 6, p. 180

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Chairman : Shaykh Abdul-Aziz ibn Abdullah ibn Baz
Source: Fatwas of the Permanent Committee

Posted from : http://www.alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=240&PageNo=1&BookID=10

Check other Rabi` Al-Awwal Fatwas

Concerning the wearing of Trousers (Pants) whilst Praying – Shaykh Ibn Baaz

[Question]

Sometimes whilst praying – especially during rukoo’ (bowing) and sujood (prostration) – part of the awrah(private parts) of a person becomes exposed due to his wearing trousers. So what is the ruling concerning the wearing of trousers whilst praying?

[Answer] :

 “If the man’s trousers cover what is between his navel and his knees and are loose fitting, wide and baggy, then it fulfills the condition for the correctness of the Prayer.

However, what is more preferable is to wear a qamees (long shirt) – which reaches half-way down to the shins, or just above the anklebone – over the trousers. This is a more complete form of covering the awrah.

Likewise, Prayer in an izaar (a loose lower garment) is more preferable than Prayer in a pair of trousers without a long shirt – since the izaar far better covers the awrah than a pair of trousers.”

Answered by the Noble Scholar and Muftee – Shaykh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin ‘Abdullaah bin Baaz – Al-Fataawaa (1/68-69).
Al-Istiqaamah Issue No.1 – Dhul-Hijjah 1416H / May 1996 .

Wishing for Death : “I have faced so many hardships in my life that it has made me hate this life..”

THE RULING CONCERNING WISHING FOR DEATH DUE TO ENCOUNTERING MANY HARDSHIPS

[Q]: I have faced so many hardships in my life that it has made me hate this life. Every time I turned to Allaah and pleaded to Him to take my life at the earliest possible moment. This continues to be my wish up until now, as I do not see any solutions to my problems except death; it is the only thing that can save me from this torment. Is this behaviour haraam (forbidden) for me?

[A]: Shaykh Ibn al-‘Uthaymeenrahimahullaah – said:

“When a person wishes for death due to the hardships and afflictions that have befallen him, then he is doing something that Allaah’s Messenger sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam prohibited, when he said:

“None of you should wish for death due to some harm that has come to him, rather, if he has such a wish then let him say: O Allaah! Give me life if You know that life is better for me. And give me death if You know that death is better for me.” [3]

Therefore, it is not allowed for anyone to wish for death on account of some harm, hardship or difficulty that has come to him. In fact, he should have sabr (patience) and expect a reward from Allaah – the Most High – due to his being patient, and he should wait for relief to come to him; just as the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:

“And know that victory comes with patience, relief with distress, and ease with hardship.”[4]

So the one who is afflicted with any affliction should know that those afflictions are an expiation for some of the sins he has committed. Indeed, no Believer is afflicted with any kind of grief, pain or suffering except that Allaah expiates – due to that – some of his sins; even if it be the harm caused by a mere pricking of a thorn. So when a person has patience and hopes in a reward from Allaah, he reaches the level of being amongst the saabiroon (those who truly have patience), and this is a very lofty level. Allaah – the Most High said about its people:

“And give glad tidings to the apatient ones; those who, when afflicted by a calamity, say: Indeed we belong to Allaah, and to Him shall we truly return.” [Soorah al-Baqarah 2:155-156].

The woman in the question feels that there is no solution for her problems except death. I believe that this is a mistaken view.

Death does not solve any problems. In fact, sometimes it only increases the difficulties. How many people die whilst being afflicted with calamities, difficulties and suffering, but they had been wronging themselves by sinning, and did not give up their sins or repent to Allaah. So death, in this case, is just a quicker coming of punishment.

Perhaps if such a person had remained alive, then Allaah would have guided him him to the doors of repentance, seeking forgiveness, patience, facing up to the problems and expecting relief. All of this would have been good for him. Therefore, it is upon you – the questioner – to be patient and expect relief from Allaah – the Mighty and Majestic – just as Allaah – the Most High – said in His Book:

“So indeed with hardship here is relief. Indeed with hardship there is relief.” [Soorah Inshiraah 94:5-6].

And the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said in the authentic narration:

“Victory comes with patience; relief with affliction, and ease with hardship.” [5] [6]

References

[3] Related by al-Bukhaaree (10/127) and Muslim (no.2680). from Anas radiallaahu ‘anhu.
[4] Saheeh: Related by Ahmad (11308), from Ibn ‘Abbaas radiallaahu ‘anhu. It was authenticated by al-Albaanee in Takhreejus-Sunnah (nos.315-318).
[5] Saheeh: Related by ad-Daylamee (4/111-112), from Anas radiallaahu ‘anhu. It war authenticated by al-Albaanee in as-Saheehah (no.2382).
[6] Fataawaa al-Mar’ah (pp.10-11).

Al-Istiqaamah Issue Issue No.4 – Jumâdal-Awwal 1417H / November 1996

Desirability of offering Nawfil (Voluntary or Optional) Prayers at Home – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Explanation of Riyadus-Saliheen – Hadeeth no. 1137 – 1138

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 59:41)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/12/desirability-of-offering-nawfil-voluntary-or-optional-prayers-at-home-dawud-burbank.mp3]

Audio Posted with Permission from Abu Talhah Dawud ibn Ronald Burbank rahimahullaah. 

How to Make Wudu? – Step by Step Video Guide – Shaykh Muhammad Ramzaan [Video|Ar-En Subtitles]

Excellent One ! Must Watch !!

Rolling up the sleeves for Salah (Prayer) – Permanent Committee

The fourth question of Fatwa no. 8598

Q 4: Does rolling up the sleeves count as part of the tucking up that is not allowed during Salah?If it is part of that tucking up, does the ruling differ if I start praying with my sleeves rolled up, meaning, I do not roll them up during the Salah, or does it make no difference?

A: It is not permissible to roll up the sleeves or to fold them up before the Salah or during it to avoid that they will touch the ground when performing Sujud (prostration), because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, I have been commanded to pray on seven bones and not to tuck up my hair or my clothes. [Narrated by Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Chairman : Shaykh Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source : http://www.alifta.net

Ruling on Celebrating Birthdays and Wedding Anniversaries in Islam – Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen

Question:

What is the ruling on organizing celebrations for the birthdays of children or for wedding anniversaries?

Answer:

There are no celebrations in Islaam except Friday the weekly ‘Eid, the first day of Shawwal – ’Eidal-Adha. The day of ’Arafah might be called an ‘Eid for those who are at’Arafah on that day, and the days of Tashreeq, following ’Eidul-Adha.

As for birthday celebrations for a person or his children, or wedding anniversaries or the like, none of them are legislated and they are closer to being innovations than to being allowed.

Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen
Fatawa Arkanul-Islaam, English Edition
Published by Dar-us-Salam, pg 265

You are encouraged to buy this 2 Vol set from Dar-us-salam

Keywords : Marriage day, Birthday celebration, Marriage anniversary, innovated celebrations, imitating kuffar