Worship Allah Between Hope And Fear – Abu Uwais Abdullah Ali [Mp3|En] – [Short Clip]

Worship Allah Between Hope And Fear
Abu Uwais Abdullah Ali (rahimahullaah)
[Mp3|English] – Short Clip

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 8:25)

One of the most beautiful this about the concept of worship in Islaam is the truly unique way in which it incorporates the feelings of love, fear and hope within the hearts of the worshippers of Allah. Understanding how to combine these three qualities into the worship (‘ibaadah) of Allah is one of the most essential things that every Muslim must grasp

And our Righteous Predecessors used to say:

“He who worships Allah with hope only is a Murji’ee. He who worships Him in fear only is a Harooree [Khaarijee]. And he who worships Allah in love only is a Zindeeq [e.g. Soofees, Christians]. But he who worships Allah in fear, love and hope is a Muwahhid Mu’min [a believer upon Tawheed].” [4]

The fear and hope should be in equal proportions[6] but as for love, then that should be uppermost, As Fudayl ibn Iyyaad (d.187H) said: “The love is better than fear. The fear checks us from sinning, and the love makes us to do what is prescribed with an open heart.”[7]

(Read the below link for further understanding of the above statements)

Foot Notes:

[4] Quoted by ibn Rajab in at-Takhweef minan-Naar as the saying of one of the Salaf.

[5] Saheeh – Reported by Aboo Hurairah & collected in Aboo Daawood (eng. trans. vol.3 p.1365 no.4883). Authenticatd by al-Albaanee in Saheehul-Jaami (4455).

[6] This was the opinion of most of the Salaf. Al-Fudayl ibn ‘Iyyaad said that when one is healthy and well, then fear should predominate, but when terminally ill then hope should predominate – so that one should strive to do good when well and not despair of Allah’s Mercy when terminally ill. [At-Takhweef minan-Naar].

[7] Reported in at-Takhweef minan-Naar of Ibn Rajab. Note that some scholars hold that fear is better than love. Allah knows best.

Further Reading :


Worship Allah upon Sound Knowledge – Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee [Audio|En]

Worship Allah upon Sound Knowledge
Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee (hafidhahullaah)

This talk was given on Saturday, May 26, 2012 in Masjid Eebaadur-Rahmaan in Marietta, GA.

If Allah intends good for a person, He will give him correct understanding of the religion.” Bukhaari

Listen / Download mp3: (57:04 min)

Effects of Worship on the Life of the Muslim – Sheikh Abdul-Muhsin al-Abbaad – Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee [Audio|En]

Sheikh Abdul-Muhsin al-Abbaad
Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee (mp3/english)

This was taken from lecture given by our Noble Sheikh Abdul-Muhsin al-Abbaad al-Badr, hafidhahullah entitled  أثر العبادات في حياة المسلم

Download/Part 01:

We begin the lecture with a brief biography of the Sheikh Abdul-Muhsin al-Abbaad al-Badr. What is the meaning of “ebaadah”? What are some of its types?  What are its conditions? How do you know if an action is righteous?

Download/Part 02:

In this portion we finish the introduction with the narrations and statements of our Salafus-Saaleh regarding adhereing to that which the Companions were upon, radiyallaahu ‘anhum.

The Sheikh explains how great evil and innovation can start as something small and then continues with explaining how Taqwa and righteous actions leads to happiness, tranquility, security and increase in provision.

Download/Part 03:

In this lesson we begin with the ayaat in Surat at-Talaq:

وَمَن يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَل لَّهُ مَخْرَجًا

And whosoever fears Allâh and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty). (At-Talaq 65:2)

وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ وَمَن يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلى اللَّهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ بَالِغُ أَمْرِهِ قَدْ جَعَلَ اللَّهُ لِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدْرًا

 And He will provide him from (sources) he never could imagine. And whosoever puts his trust in Allâh, then He will suffice him. Verily, Allâh will accomplish his purpose. Indeed Allâh has set a measure for all things. (At-Talaq 65:3)

وَمَن يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يَجْعَل لَّهُ مِنْ أَمْرِهِ يُسْرًا

….and whosoever fears Allâh and keeps his duty to Him, He will make his matter easy for him. (At-Talaq 65:4)

وَمَن يَتَّقِ اللَّهَ يُكَفِّرْ عَنْهُ سَيِّئَاتِهِ وَيُعْظِمْ لَهُ أَجْرًا

…. and whosoever fears Allâh and keeps his duty to Him, He will remit his sins from him, and will enlarge his reward. (At-Talaq 65:5)

So who from us does not want a way out from every difficulty?  Who does not want his or her affairs to become easy?  And who does not want his or her sins to be forgiven and reward enlarged?

Listen to what the Sheikh has explained about these ayaat and more…

Download/Part 04:

In this part we study what the Sheikh said regarding how we understand the hadith of Ibn Abbaas that the Messenger, sallallahu alaihi wasallam, said to him:

احْفَظْ اللَّهَ يَحْفَظْكَ

“Preserve Allah and He will Preserve You.”

And also the tremendous benefit in the statement of the Sheikh, “Get to know Allah in times of ease and He will know you in times of hardship.”

Listen for more gems like these…

Nothing worthy of worship except Allaah, He is Al-Awwal, Al-Aakhir and will not Perish, nor will Pass Away [Audio|En]

Audio by  Abu Talhah Dawud ibn Ronald Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 29:55)

In this explanation of Aqeedah Tahawiyyah, brother Dawud Burbank explains the Point #5 ,#6 and #7 as outlined below.

5. And there is nothing worthy of worship except Him.

This is Tawheed Al Uloohiyyah. Laa Ilaah means nothing worthy of worship except Him. But if you said, “Nothing is worshiped except Him”, then this is false, because there are many that are worshipped other than Allaah the Glorious and Majestic. So if you say that nothing is worshipped except Allaah, you have made everything that is worshipped into Allaah, and this is the Madh’hab of the people of Wahdatul Wajood, so if the one who says that believes in it, then he is from the people of Wahdatul Wajood, but if he does not believe in it, then he said blindly following someone, or because he heard it from someone, then this is incorrect, and it is obligatory upon him to correct that, and some people start their Salaah with this, “Nothing is worshipped except You.” And Allaah is the One Who has the right to be worshipped, and anything else other than Him that is worshipped, is worshipped upon falsehood. He the most High says, “That is because Allaah, He is the Truth, and what they invoke besides Him, it is falsehood, and verily, Allaah He is the Most High, the Most Great.” (Al Hajj 22:62)

6. He is Qadeem (Eternal) with no beginning, and the Ever Lasting with no end.

As the statement of Allaah proves this, “He is the First and the Last.“ (Al Hadid 57:3), along with the statement of His Messenger sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam, “You are the First, so there are none before You, and You are the Last, so there are none after You.” [4]

But the word Qadeem (old) is not associated with Allaah, except informatively. It is not from His names; rather from His names is Al Awwal (The First), and Al Awwal is not like Al Qadeem, because Al Qadeem may have something before it, while Al Awwal has nothing preceding it. He sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam said, “You are Al Awwal, so there are none before You.”

Rather, the author was cautious, so he said, “ He is Qadeem with no beginning.” But if he would have said, “Qadeem” and stopped, then the meaning of this would be incorrect.

Footnotes: [4] Narrated by Imaam Muslim hadeeth number 2713

7. He will not perish, nor will He pass away.

Perishing and passing away hold the same meaning. Allaah has been characterized with an everlasting life; He the most High says, “And put your trust in the Ever Living One Who dies not, and glorify His Praises, and Sufficient is He as the All-Knower of the sins of His slaves.” (Al Furqaan 25:58). So extinction does not come to Allaah, and He the Glorious and Most High says, “Everything will perish save His Face. His is the Decision, and to Him you shall be returned.” (Al Qasas 28:88). And He the most High says, “Whatsoever is on it will perish. And the Face of your Lord full of Majesty and Honor will abide forever.” (Ar Rahman 55:26-27). So eternity is for Allaah, and the creation will die and then be summoned, and they used to be non existent in the beginning, and then Allaah created them, and then they will die, and then Allaah the Glorious and Majestic will summon them. So Allaah the most High has no beginning, nor an end.

Source : Concise Notes on Aqeedah At Tahaawiyyah, Shaykh Saalih bin Fawzaan al Fawzaan
At Ta’leeqat Al Mukhtisirah Alaa Matn Aqeedah At Tahaawiyyah, Translated By: Kashif as Salafi

Audio Source :
Aqeedat-ut-Tahaawiyyah – Imaam at-Tahaawi   [Lesson 4 , starting from 9:00 mins]
Explanation by Shaikh Saalih ibn Saalih al-Fawzaan
Translated by Abu Talhah Dawud ibn Ronald Burbank

Whistling and Clapping Hands is from Jaahiliyyah – Shaykh Fawzan

[21] They performed worship by whistling and clapping their hands.

– the explanation –

From the aspects of the Days of Ignorance that the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) opposed them in was their performance of worship to Allaah by means of whistling and clapping. Allaah says:

وَمَا كَانَ صَلاَتُهُمْ عِندَ الْبَيْتِ إِلاَّ مُكَاء وَتَصْدِيَةً فَذُوقُواْ الْعَذَابَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ

“And their prayer at the House (Ka’bah) was nothing but whistling and clapping of hands. So taste the torment because of what you used to disbelieve.” [Surah Al-Anfaal:35]

This means: The worship that the polytheists performed to Allaah at the sacred Ka’bah was nothing more than whistling and clapping.

The word mukaa means whistling, while tasdeeyah means clapping with the hands and palms. They would do this while at the House of Allaah and call it prayer, seeking nearness to Allaah through it. This is one of the things the devils among mankind and the jinn beautified to them, in order to deceive them.

Worship is not to be done except according to what Allaah has legislated – so it is dependent upon revelation. A person must not introduce something from his own self or take it from someone else when it is not according to what Allaah has legislated, thus worshipping Allaah by it even though it has no source in the religion.

Here, we can derive the prohibition of these two matters, which are: whistling and clapping. They are forbidden even though one may not intend to be performing worship by them, since there can be found imitation of the polytheists in it.

As for clapping, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) only allowed it specifically1 for women at the time of a necessity, such as to notify the Imaam if he has omitted or added something to the prayer. This was due to the fitnah that could occur from their voice if there are men present. And it is not permissible for a man to imitate the disbelievers or to imitate a women by clapping.

وَمَا كَانَ صَلاَتُهُمْ عِندَ الْبَيْتِ إِلاَّ مُكَاء وَتَصْدِيَةً فَذُوقُواْ الْعَذَابَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ1 Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه‏) reported that the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Saying Subhaanallaaah is for men and clapping is for women.” [Transmitted by Al-Bukhaaree (no. 1203) and Muslim (no. 422/106)] And in the hadeeth of Sahl bin Sa’ad, he reported that the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Why is it that I see you clapping so much. Whoever is doubtful about something is the prayer, let him SubhanAllaah for if one says it, it will attract attention. Clapping is only for women.” Transmitted by Al-Bukhaaree (no. 684) and Muslim (no. 421)]

From the book Masaa’il-ul-Jaahiliyyah (Aspects of the Days of Ignorance) by Shaykh Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (d.1206h) explained by Shaykh Saalih bin Fawzaan al-Fawzaan.

"… a woman never worships Allâh in the way she does when she worships Him in her house."

Women are ‘Awrah – Explained

‘Abdullâh b. Mas’ûd – Allâh be pleased with him – said:

Women are but an ‘awrah (something private to be covered). A woman might leave her house without there being any problem with her, but the Shaytân seeks her out and says [to her], “You will not pass by anyone except that you will impress/please him.” A woman puts on her clothes and is asked where she is going, to which she replies, “To visit a sick person,” or “to attend a funeral”, or “to pray in the masjid”; but a woman never worships Allâh in the way she does when she worships Him in her house.

Al-Tabarânî. Graded sahîh by Shaykh Al-Albânî in Sahîh Al-Targhîbi wa Al-TarhîbVol. 1 p84.


Al-Uboodiyyah: Slavery to Allaah – by Imam Ibn ul Qayyim Jawziyyah

by Imam Ibn ul Qayyim Jawziyyah,
[Madarij as-Saalikeen 1/100-101, 105], Slightly adapted by Dr Saleh as-Saleh
From a footnote in “The Dispraise of Al-Hawaa (Desire) by Ibnul Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah” © 1998 Dar al-Bukhaari

`Uboodiyyah is a comprehensive term that asserts the meaning of the Verse (Aayah).
“You Alone do we worship and You Alone do we seek for Help.” (Qur’an 1:5)

It comprises the slavery of the heart, tongue and limbs to Allaah ta`aala.

The slavery of the heart includes both the Qawl (saying of the heart) and `Amaal (actions of the heart).

The Qawl of the heart is the belief (I`tiqaad) in what Allaah has informed about His Self, His Names and Attributes, His Action, His Angels, and that which He revealed in His Book and sent upon the tongue of His Messenger Muhammad sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam.

The `Amaal of the heart include love for Allaah, reliance upon Him, turning to Him in repentance, fearing Him, having hope in Him, devoting the Deen sincerely to Him, having patience in what He orders and forbids, having patience with His decrees and being pleased with them, having allegiance for His pleasure, having humility for Him and humbling oneself in front of Him, and becoming tranquil with Him.

The Qawl (saying) of the tongue is to convey what Allah has revealed (in the Qur’an and authentic Sunnah) regarding Himself, His Names and Attributes, His Actions, His Commands, His Prohibitions, and all that is related to this Deen), to call to it, defend it, to expose the false innovations which oppose it, and to establish its remembrance and to convey what it orders.

The `Amaal (actions) of the limbs include the Salaat (prayers), Jihaad, attending  the Jumu`ah prayers and the rest of the Jamaa`aat (congregational prayers), assisting those who are unable, and acting with goodness and kindness to creation, and other such acts.

This comprehensive meaning of the `Uboodiyyah pertains to its specific type. The people who fall under this type of `Uboodiyyah are the believers who obey, love, and sincerely follow the Deen of Allaah ta`aala.

The second type of `Uboodiyyah is the general one in which all creatures in the heavens and in the earth are subdued to Allaah’s sovereign Authority and Power; everything is subservient to His Will, and Authority; nothing occurs or ceases to occur except by His leave; His is the Kingdom and He disposes the affairs as He pleases. This type of `Uboodiyyah is known as the `Uboodiyyah of Qahr (Subduing) and Mulk (Sovereignty, Kingship, Possession, Mastership, etc.).

So, the part of the Aayah signifying “You do we worship” asserts the adherence to the four principles of `Uboodiyyah:

  1. The sayings of the heart The actions of the heart,
  2. The sayings of the tongue, and
  3. The actions of the limbs.

The other part, “You Alone do we seek for Help,” stresses the fact that the believer must ask Allaah alone to help him establish the `Uboodiyyah and succeed in executing all what it requires.

From a footnote in “The Dispraise of Al-Hawaa (Desire) by Ibnul Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah” 1998 Dar al-Bukhaari
Source : Compiled by: Dr. Saleh As-Saleh (Rahimahullah)

Visit the Website of Dr. Saleh as Saleh Rahimahullaah : http://understand-islam.net

The Reward of Being Busy in the Service of Allah – Imam Ibn al Qayyim

A Precious Gem: The Reward of Being Busy in the Service of Allah

If the servant of Allah begins the day and the evening, without having any other concern except Allah, the Almighty, He will fulfill all his needs and relieve all his worries. He will empty the servant’s heart for the sake of His Love, his tongue will constantly remember Him and he will have the strength to perform religious duties for His sake.

And if he begins the day and the evening, without having any other concern except the life of this world, Allah, the Almighty will cast worry and grief into his heart. He, the Almighty will leave him to himself, and keep his heart busy with things other than His Love. His tongue will not remember Allah but will only be concerned with the creation. He will use all his strength in things other than the sake of Allah, and he will remain busy in the service of creation. He will work very hard in the service of others. Just like a bellows that pumps itself up and then squeezes itself to the utmost in the service of others. Therefore, whoever refuses to submit to Allah, to obey and love Him, will be afflicted with the servitude, love and service of creation.

Allah, the Almighty says in the Qur’an which means,

“And whosoever turns away (blinds himself) from the remembrance of the Most Beneficent (Allah) (i.e. this Qur’an and worship of Allah), We appoint for him Shaitan (Satan devil) to be a Qarin (an intimate companion) to him”

(Az-Zukhruf, 43:36)

Abu Sufyan bin ‘Uyaynah said, “You will never bring forward any famous proverb but I will bring the likeness of it from the Qur’an,” Thereupon someone said to him, “So where is in the Qur’an “Give your fellow brother a date, and if he does not accept it then give him a firebrand.” He then recited the previous Qur’anic verse.

Source : AL-FA WAID: A Collection of Wise Sayings – Imam Ibn al Qayyim
Al Bayaan Translation

A Precious Gem: The Reward of Being Busy in the Service of Allah

A Precious Gem: The Ignorant Worshipper and the Immoral (Religious) Scholar

Source: Imam Ibn al Qayyim, AI-Fawa’id, A COLLECTION OF WISE SAYINGS , Rendered into English by: Bayan Translation Services

[Read A Precious and Valuable Gem: The (Religious) Scholar Whose Deeds are Inconsistent with his Knowledge – Imam Ibn al Qayyim ]

We have previously mentioned the case of the religious scholar who prefers this worldly life rather than the Hereafter. However, the mistake of the ignorant worshipper is rejecting knowledge, its verdicts, and his adherence to imagination and vain desires.

Sufyan bin ‘Uyainah and others said,

“Beware of the trial of the immoral (religious) scholar and that of the ignorant worshipper, for both are apparent trials. The latter avoids knowledge out of ignorance, and the former calls for wrong doings out of immorality”.
Allah, the Exalted, sets the example of the ignorant worshiper in the Qur’anic verse by saying,which means,
“Their allies deceived them) like Shai!an (Satan), when he says to man: “Disbelieve in Allah.” But when (man) disbelieves in Allah, Shaitan (Satan) says: “I am free of you, I fear Allah, the Lord of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)! So the end of both will be that they will be in the Fire, abiding therein. Such is the recompense of the ZalimOn (i.e. polytheists, wrong-doers, disbelievers in Allah and in His Oneness, etc.).” (AI-Hashr, 59:16-17)
His story is well known, for he has based his life on worshipping Allah unknowingly, so Satan seized the opportunity and seduced him causing his disbelief. So, this is the end of every ignorant worshipper who unconsciously disbelieves, and the other one is the final end of every immoral scholar who prefers this worldly life rather than the Hereafter.

The Religion of al-Islaam is Based on Two Mighty and Fundamental Principles – Shaykh Muhammad Al-Wassãbi

Shaikh Muhammad ibn Abdul-Wahhab al-Wasabi (may Allah preserve him).

That the religion of al-Islaam can be summarized into two basic important and mighty principles, and they are as follows:

The First (al-Awwal):

That we do not worship anyone except Allaah alone, having no partner in that
[An-laa Na’budu illa-Allaah Wahdahu laa Shareeka lah].

Allaah (ta’aalaa) said:
Say (O Muhammad (Sallalahi Alaihi wa Sallam): “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allaah, and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allaah.” Then, if they turn away, say: “Bear witness that we are Muslims.” (Aali Imraan 3:64)

And He (ta’aalaa) said: And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him. (Al-Israa’ 17:23)
And this is the meaning of: (I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah) [Ash-hadu an-laa Ilaaha illa-Allaah].

And The Second (ath-Thaanee):

That we do not worship Him except by what He legislated in His Book or in the Sunnah of His Messenger Muhammad (Sallalahi Alaihi wa Sallam), without innovations and desires [An-laa Na’budahu illaa bimaa Shara’ fee Kitaabihi aw fee Sunnati Rasoolihi Muhammad (Sallalahi Alaihi wa Sallam) laa bil-Bida’i wal-Ahwaa’].

He (ta’aalaa) said:
[Say (O Muhammad (Sallalahi Alaihi wa Sallam) to these idolaters (pagan ‘Arabs) of your folk:] Follow what has been sent down unto you from your Lord (the Qur’aan and Prophet Muhammad’s Sunnah), and follow not any Awliyaa’ (protectors and helpers, etc. who order you to associate partners in worship with Allaah), besides Him (Allaah). Little do you remember! (Al-A’raaf 7:3)

And He (ta’aalaa) said:

And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad (Sallalahi Alaihi wa Sallam) gives you, take it, and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it), and fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is Severe in punishment. (Al-Hashr 59:7) And this is the meaning of: (I bear witness that Muhammad (Sallalahi Alaihi wa Sallam) is the Messenger of Allaah) [Ash-hadu anna Muhammadar-Rasool-ullaah].

Shaykhul-Islaam ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) said in his valuable book ((Iqtidaa’ as- Siraatul-Mustaqeem Mukhaalifat Ashaab al-Jaheem)) [The Requirements of the Straight Path in Opposing the Companions of the Fire] page 451:

( And these two fundamentals: are the essence of the religion (Jimaa’ ad-Deen): That we do not worship anyone except Allaah and that we do not worship Him except with what He has legislated, and we do not worship Him with innovations … and these two fundamentals, they are the realization and the perfection of the two testimonies (ash-Shahaadatayn), which are the head of al- Islaam … ). End of quote. And see at-Tahqeeq wal-‘Eedaah of ash-Shaykh Ibn Baaz (rahimahullaah) page: 63.


Regarding the first fundamental principle, which is the Tawheed of Allaah, the Shaykh mentioned that in the Kitaab of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger we find many Aayaat and Ahaadeeth that point to this great fundamental principle. And it was for this cause that Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa) sent His Messengers, and He ordered them to call the people first and foremost to this fundamental principle, which is the Tawheed of Allaah, and the oneness of Allaah in His worship (Tawheed al-Ulooheeyah), and the oneness of Allaah in His Names and Attributes (Tawheed al- Asmaa was-Sifaat), and the oneness of Allaah in His Lordship (Tawheed ar-Ruboobeeyah).

Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa) said:
And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allaah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taaghoot (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taaghoot besides Allaah).” (An-Nahl 16:36)

And He (ta’aalaa) said:
And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammad (Sallalahi Alaihi wa Sallam)) but We inspired him (saying): Laa Ilaaha Illaa Ana [none has the right to be worshipped but I (Allaah)], so worship Me (Alone and none else).” (Al-Anbiyaa’ 21:25)

So if a person worships Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa) and obeys these commands of Allaah, then this is the realization of Tawheed, and this is the first fundamental which this religion of al-Islaam is based upon.

Regarding the second fundamental principle, and it is that we do not worship Allaah except by what He has legislated in His Book or in the Sunnah of His Messenger Muhammad (Sallalahi Alaihi wa Sallam), and that we do not worship Him with innovations and desires. The Shaykh mentioned that those who beautify and make beautiful to themselves innovations and desires, and from the innovations is celebrating the Mawlid (birthday) of the Prophet (Sallalahi Alaihi wa Sallam), which is an innovation of the Soofiyyah, and the Shaykh mentioned that this is not allowable in our religion and it is not legislated, and the people who perform this, they are under a severe threat. Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa) has issued a severe warning against those who oppose and go against the commandments of the Messenger:

And let those who oppose the Messenger’s (Muhammad (Sallalahi Alaihi wa Sallam)) commandment (i.e. his Sunnah legal ways, orders, acts of worship, statements, etc.) (among the sects) beware, lest some Fitnah (disbelief, trials, afflictions, earthquakes, killing, overpowered by a tyrant, etc.) befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them. (An-Noor 24:63)

We have been ordered to be followers and we have been ordered to take firm hold of the Sunnah. So that which the Prophet (Sallalahi Alaihi wa Sallam) has given us, then it is upon to take it and firmly hold on to it, and that which he prohibited us from then it is upon us to prohibit ourselves from it. And the one who goes against the clear orders of the Messenger (Sallalahi Alaihi wa Sallam) is in opposition to the Messenger, and he is on a great level of jeopardy, and if Allaah (subhaanahu wa ta’aalaa) does not give him the Tawfeeq to repent, and he dies upon this, then he is in a dangerous state. And many of the people in this day and age have fallen into numerous types of innovations, such as the Soofiyyah and the Raafidhah, and other than them. And they have not prohibited themselves from that which the Prophet (Sallalahi Alaihi wa Sallam) has prohibited them from, and they have not enjoined upon themselves that which the Prophet (Sallalahi Alaihi wa Sallam) has enjoined upon them and ordered them with.

And in the valuable book of Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah is the warning to the Believers of following the path of the people whose destination is the Fire, the people of the Book, the Jews and the Christians. And in this day and age we find many of the Muslims following the Kuffaar in all levels of life. And verily we have been ordered to oppose the Kuffaar in all actions and in all levels of life, such as our speech, and our character, and in our dress, and in our actions of worship, so much so that even in the prayer, as the Prophet (Sallalahi Alaihi wa Sallam) has said: ((Pray in your shoes, for verily the Jews do not pray in their shoes)). A Hadeeth.

And many of the Muslims have invented various holidays following in the footsteps of the Kuffaar, such as labor day, and workers holiday, and mothers day, and other holidays like this, all of which are alien to al-Islaam and all of which are innovations.

Source : Class 43 : May – 13 – 06 of Lessons on Tawhid – Approximately 50 Classes – from Dar-ul-Hadith, Dammaj, Yemen

Ar-Rajaa (hope and longing) – Shaykh Ubayd al-Jaabiree

The evidence for hope and longing (ar-rajaa) is the saying of Allaah, the Most High:

“So whoever hopes to see His Lord and be rewarded by Him, then let him perform righteous deeds and make it purely and sincerely for Him; and let him not make any share of it to anyone other than his Lord.” [Al-Kahf 18:110]

“The evidence for hope and longing (ar-rajaa)” –

  • Hope and longing is one of the pillars that worship is built upon;
  • this means that a person is optimistic about obtaining the Mercy and Pardon of Allaah.
  • It is obligatory upon the servant that they combine both hope and fear because hope causes a person to long for the Mercy of Allaah and fear prevents them from perpetrating an act that earns the anger of Allaah.
  • Some of the people of knowledge have said that fear and hope are like the ‘two wings of the servant’.
  • Ar-rajaa is that a person wishes for something that may be attained and is close or it may be something far off but is treated as being close.
  • This earnest hope which comprises humility and submission may only be directed to Allaah and directing it to other than this is shirk; whether minor or major depends on state of the heart of the person in this case.

“is the saying of Allaah, the Most High: “So whoever hopes to see His Lord and be rewarded by Him, then let him perform righteous deeds and make it purely and sincerely for Him;” – Meaning,

  • whoever desires and longs to meet their Lord, then sheer desire is not enough but he should also perform righteous deeds.
  • This verse is a proof that it is obligatory to perform righteous deeds.
  • A righteous deed is everything that brings the servant closer to Allaah, whether it is an obligation or a recommended act.
  • A person who hopes but does not act is delusional and has false hopes; this is blameworthy.

“and let him not make any share of it to anyone other than his Lord.”” – Meaning,

  • he should not commit major shirk that expels him from the religion or minor shirk that negates the completeness of tawheed.

Source: A Gift For The Intellect In Explanation Of The Three Fundamental Principles Of Islaam – By Sheikh Ubaid Al-Jaabiree (Hafizahullah) With some notes from the sharh by Sheikh Salih al Uthaymeen (Rahimahullah)

Important principle of Permissibility & Prohibition

The Principle of Permissibility

Source : Islamic Principles #1: The Principle of Permissibility , Al-Istiqaamah Issue No.5 – Ramadân 1417H / January 1997

“The principle regarding acts of worship is one of prohibition, except if the Sharee’ah (Divinely Prescribed Law) relates a prescription for it. And the principle regarding customary behaviour is permissibility, except when the Sharee’ah relates a prohibition for it.” (Al-aslu fil-‘ibaadat al-hadhru illaa ma waradah ‘anish-shar’ee tashree’ahu. Wal-aslu fil-‘aadaat al-ibaahah illaa ma waradah ‘anish-shar’ee tahreemahu).1

The above principle is an important principle that Islaam teaches. Thus, with regards to matters of ‘aadaat (day-to-day actions), such as eating, drinking and wearing clothes, then everything is allowed in this regard, except if there is a clear and authentic evidence restricting or prohibiting its allowance. However, when it comes to ‘ibaadaat (acts of worship), then the opposite is the true. Here, nothing can be established as an act of worship, except if there is a clear and authentic text to allow it. So the basic principle for ‘aadaat is ibaahah (permissibility), whereas the basic principle for ‘ibaadaat is tahreem (prohibition).

Shaykhul-lslaam Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H)- rahimahullaah – said:

“Peoples’ sayings and actions are of two kinds: ‘ibaadaat (acts of worship) by which their Religion is established, and ‘aadaat (customary practices) which are required for day-to-day living. From the principles of the Sharee’ah (Divinely Prescribed Islaamic Law) we know that acts of worship are those acts which have been prescribed by Allaah or approved by Him; nothing is to be affirmed here, except through the Sharee’ah. However, as far as worldly activities of people are concerned, they are necessary for everyday life. Here the principle is freedom of action; nothing may be restricted in this regard except what Allaah – the Mort Perfect – has restricted. This is the case because commanding and prohibiting are both in Allaah’s Hands. As far as worship is concerned, there has to be a command from Him concerning it. Thus, when it requires a command from Allaah to establish something, how can we say that something is restricted without His command? This is why Ahmad bin Hanbal (d.241H) and other jurists who base their judgements upon ahaadeeth (Prophetic narrations) say: In relation to acts of worship, then the principle is tawqeef (limitation); that is to lay, nothing can be legislated in this regard except what Allaah legislates. To do otherwise is to incur the risk of being included in the meaning of the Aayah (verse):

“Do they have partners with Allaah who prescribe for them in the Religion that for which Allaah has not given any permission.” [Soorah ash-Shooraa 42:21].

However, as far as living habits are concerned, the principle here is freedom, because nothing can be restricted in this regard except what Allaah has prohibited. To do otherwise is to be included in the meaning of His saying:

“Say: Do you see what Allaah has sent down to you for sustenance? Yet you have made some part of it halaal (lawful) and some part haraam (prohibited).” [Soorah Yoonus 10:59].

This is a great and beneficial principle, on the basis of which we can say that buying, selling, leasing, giving gifts, and other such matters are necessary activities for people, as are eating, drinking and the wearing of clothes. Thus, if the Sharee’ah (Divinely Prescribed Islaamic Law) says something about these day-to-day matters, it is in order to teach good behaviour. Accordingly, it has prohibited whatever leads to corruption, has made obligatory that which is essential, has disapproved of that which is superfluous, and has approved of that which is beneficial. All this has been done with due consideration of the magnitude and properties of the various types of activities involved. Since this is the position of the Sharee’ah, people are free to buy, sell and to lease just as they wish, just as they are free to eat and drink what they like – as long as it is not haraam (unlawful). Even though some of these things may be disapproved, they are still free in this regard, since the Sharee’ah does not go to the extent of prohibiting them – and thus the original principle (of permissibility) remains.”2

1. Minhaajul-Qaasideen Mukhtasar fee Usoolil-Fiqh (p.27) of Shaykh ‘Abdur-Rahmaan as-Sa’dee.
2. Al-Qawaa’idun-Nooraaniyyah al-Fiqhiyyah (p.112-113)

1. Minhaajul-Qaasideen Mukhtasar fee Usoolil-Fiqh (p.27) of Shaykh ‘Abdur-Rahmaan as-Sa’dee.
2. Al-Qawaa’idun-Nooraaniyyah al-Fiqhiyyah (p.112-113)

Umar and the Black Stone – From Ibn Hajr, Fath Al-Bârî, and other hadîth commentaries

Al-Bukhârî reports that ‘Umar – Allâh be pleased with him – came to the Black Stone (performing tawâf, circumambulation), kissed it, and said, “I know that you are a stone, you do not cause benefit or harm; and if it were not that I had seen Allâh’s Messenger – peace and blessings of Allâh be upon him – kiss you, I would never have kissed you.”

Al-Bukhârî, Al-Sahîh, Chapter on what has been said about the Black Stone.

Points to note

· The illustrious Companion and Caliph ‘Umar reminded us in this narration of the pure belief that benefit and harm are not caused by created objects and thus should not be sought from them. Only Allâh has control over these things.

· We are reminded that acts of worship are taken from Allâh’s Messenger, and a person is not supposed to make up his own way of worship, he must follow the manner of worship that the Prophet taught and practiced.

· We also learn that once an action is confirmed in the Sunnah, the believer submits and complies and practices it because it is confirmed that Allâh’s Messenger did it, even if we don’t know the wisdom behind it.

· This narration is also an example of how a responsible person tries to clarify and do away with any misunderstandings that people may have about matters of faith. The people had recently left their unbelief and polytheism, so ‘Umar wanted to make it clear that kissing the Black Stone is by no means done as an act of devotion to it, as people used to do with their stone idols.

Adapted from Ibn Hajr, Fath Al-Bârî, and other hadîth commentaries.

Source: http://www.sayingsofthesalaf.net/index.php/umar-and-the-black-stone/

What is meant by the middle course in religious matters? – Shaykh Uthaymeen

Source : Transcribed from: Fatawa Arkan-ul-Islam | Islamic Verdicts on the pillars of Islam | Volume 1: Creed and Prayer |

Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih Al-‘Uthaymeen

A. The middle course in religious matters means that a person should not be excessive, exceeding the limits set by Allah, the Almighty, the All-Powerful, nor be deficient, by not fulfilling what Allah, the Most Glorified, the Most High has ordained.

The middle course in religious matters is to hold fast to the way of the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wa sallam, while excess in religious matters is to exceed it, and deficiency is not to attain it.

An example of this is that a man says: I want to stand for the night prayer and I will not sleep any of the time, because prayer is one of the best forms of worship, so I love to spend all the night in prayer. We say: This is excess in the religion of Allah, and it is not right, for something like this happened during the life of the Prophet salAllahu alayhi wa sallam: A number of people met and one of them said: I stand in prayer and I do not sleep, while another said: I fast and I do not break my fast, while a third said: I do not marry women. The Prophet salAllahu alayhi wa sallam was informed of this and he salAllahu alayhi wa sallam said:

“What is wrong with people who say such and such? I fast and I break my fast, I stand in prayer and I sleep and I marry women, so whoever dislikes my Sunnah is not from me.” [Bukhari, 6101; Muslim, 1401]

So, these people intended to act excessively in the religion, and the Messenger salAllahu alayhi wa sallam declared that he was innocent of them, because they expressed excessiveness in his Sunnah which includes fasting, breaking the fast, standing in prayer, sleeping, and marrying women.

As for the one who is deficient, he is the one who says: There is no need for me to perform supererogatory acts of worship, so I shall not do so, but will perform the obligatory acts only. He might also be deficient in the obligatory acts. This is the one who is deficient.

The moderate person is the one who acts in accordance with what the Messenger salAllahu alayhi wa sallam and the rightly guided caliphs followed.

Another example would be that of three men before whom is a sinful man, and one of them says: I will not give salutations of peace to this sinner and I will cut him off and stay away from him and not speak to him. The second one says: I will keep company with this sinner and give salutations of peace to him and smile at him and invite him to my house and accept his invitation, and in my opinion he is not but a righteous man. The third one says: I hate this sinner for his sins and love him for his faith and I will not cut him off except when cutting him off is a means of improving him, but if cutting him off does not result in improving him, instead causing him to increase his sinfulness, then I will not cut him off.

We say that the first person is excessive and extreme, while the second is excessively lacking and the third is moderate. This is what we say in all of the acts of worship and in conduct, the people are either deficient or extreme or moderate.

A third example is of a man who is a slave to his wife, she speaks to her husband in any way she wishes and he does not prevent her from doing evil, nor does he encourage her to strive for virtue. She possesses his mind and she becomes master over him. Another man is oppressive and arrogant, and deems himself superior to his wife and he pays no heed to her, and she is even less than a servant in his estimation. A third man is moderate and he treats her as Allah and His Messenger salAllahu alayhi wa sallam have commanded him:

And they (women) have rights (over their husbands as regards living expenses, etc.) similar (to those of their husbands) over them (as regards obedience and respect, etc.) to what is reasonable (Al Baqarah 2:228)”

“A believing man should not hate a believing woman. If there is some characteristic in her that he dislikes, there remains some other characteristic in her which pleases him.” [Muslim, 1469]

This last one is moderate while the first is extreme in his treatment of his wife and the other is deficient. And you should base all deeds and acts of worship upon this example.

Transcribed from: Fatawa Arkan-ul-Islam | Islamic Verdicts on the pillars of Islam | Volume 1: Creed and Prayer | Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih Al-‘Uthaymeen

Four Principles of Worship – Imam Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah

Al-Ibaanah Magazine Issue No.3
Dhul-Qa’dah 1416H / April 1996

“(The Âyah): “You alone do we worship.” [Sûrah al-Fâtihah 1:5] is built upon four principles:- Ascertaining what Allâh and His Messenger love and are pleased with, from [i] the sayings of the heart and [ii] of the tongue; and [iii] the actions of the heart and [iv] of the limbs.

So al-’ubûdiyyah (servitude and slavery to Allâh) is a comprehensive term for all these for stages. The one who actualises them has indeed actualised: “You alone do we worship.”

The saying of the heart: It is i’tiqâd (belief) in what Allâh – the Most Perfect – informed about His Self; concerning His Names, His Attributes, His Actions, His Angels, and all that He sent upon the tongue of His Messenger sallallâhu ’alayhi wa sallam.

The saying of the tongue: It is to inform and convey (what Allâh has revealed), to call to it, defend it, to explain the false innovations which oppose it, to establish its remembrance and to convey what it orders.

The action of the heart: Such as love for Him, reliance upon Him, repenting to Him, having fear and hope in Him, making the Dîn purely and sincerely for Him, having patience in what He orders and prohibits, having patience with what He decrees and being pleased with it, having allegiance and enmity for His sake, humbling oneself in front of Him and having humility in front of Him, becoming tranquil with Him and other than this from the actions of the heart which are actually connected to the action of the limbs … and actions of the limbs without the action of the heart is of little benefit, if any benefit at all.

The action of the limbs: Such as Prayer and Jihâd, attending the Jumu’ah and being with the Jamâ’ah, aiding those who are unable and displaying goodness and kindness to the creation, and other than this.”

[Madârijus-Sâlikîn (1/100-101)]

About the Shaykh :

He is Abû ’Abdullâh, Shamsud-Dîn Muhammad ibn Abû Bakr better known as Ibn al-Qayyim (or Ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyyah). He was born in the year 691H in the city of Damascus. From an early age he set about acquiring knowledge and studied under many prominent teachers, the most notable of whom was Shaykhul-Islâm Ibn Taymiyyah. His students include the likes of Ibn Kathîr, adh-Dhahabî, Ibn Bajab, Ibn ’Abdul-Hâdî and others. He authored over ninety books and booklets – all of them being characterised by their touching address to the soul and the heart, as well as their accuracy, precision and depth of research. Ibn al-Qayyim died on the night of Thursday 13th Rajab at the time of the ’Ishâ adhân in the year 751H. Testaments about his comprehensive knowledge, firm adherence to the way of the Salaf; excellent manners, worship and zuhd have been given by Al-Hâfidh Ibn Hajar in ad-Dururul-Kâminah(3/400), Al-Hâfidh Ibn Rajab in Dhayl Tabaqâtul-Hanâbilah (2/447), ash-Shawkânî in al-Badrut-Tâli’ (2/143-146) and also Al-Hâfidh Ibn Kathîr who said about him in al-Bidâyah wan-Nihâyah (14/246): “He attained great proficiency in many branches of knowledge, particularly knowledge of Tafsîr, Hadîth and Usûl. When Shaykh Taqiyyud-Dîn Ibn Taymiyyah returned from Egypt in the year 712H, he stayed with the Shaykh until he died, learning a great deal of knowledge from him; along with the knowledge which he had already occupied himself in obtaining. So he became a singular Scholar in many branches of knowledge. He also continued to seek knowledge greatly day and night and was constant in humbly calling upon his Lord. He recited well and had fine manners. He had a great deal of love and did not harbour any envy for anyone, nor harm anyone, nor seek to find fault with anyone, nor bear any malice towards anyone. I was one of those who most often kept company with him and I was one of the most beloved of people to him. I do not know anyone in the world, in this time, who is a greater worshipper than him. His Salâh (Prayer) used to be very lengthy, with prolonged rukû’ (bowing) and sujûd (prostration). His companions would often reproach him for this, yet he never retorted back, nor did he abandon this practice – may Allâh shower His Mercy upon him.”

From the Benefits of Winter : Sayings of the Salaf

It is reported from Abû Hurayrah – Allâh be pleased with him – that he said:

Shall I not point you to comfortable proceeds?
People responded, “And what is that o Abû Hurayrah?”
He replied, “Fasting in winter.”

The Arabs used to refer to matters which were relatively easy to gain as being cool. In this narration, the relative ease of fasting in winter and its consequent reward is likened to acquiring war proceeds without the heat of violence.

It is reported from ‘Umar – Allâh be pleased with him – that he said:

Winter is booty for the devout worshippers.

This is further explained in the following narration:

It is reported from ‘Ubayd b. ‘Umayr – Allâh have mercy on him – that he said:

It used to be said when winter came: O people of the Qur`ân, the night has become long so you can pray (more) and the day has become short for you to fast.

Abû Nu’aym, Hilyah Al-Awliyâ`.

As with other experiences in this world, the Salaf used to be reminded of the hereafter when experiencing cold weather:

It is reported from the famous worshipper Râbi’ah – Allâh have mercy on her – that she said:

I have never heard the adhân except that I remember the caller who will announce the Day of Resurrection, and I never see the falling snow except that I imagine the flying pages of the records of peoples deeds (on that day), and I never see swarms of locusts except that I think about the Great Gathering on the Last Day.

Ibn Al-Jawzî, Sifah Al-Safwah Vol. 2 p433.